The effect of aerobic training on serum levels of adiponectin, hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and sperm quality in diabetic rats.
PMID: 30957215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - April 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zampieri N Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Long-term Changes in Renal Function, Blood Electrolyte Levels, and Nutritional Indices after Radical Cystectomy and Ileal Conduit in Patients with Bladder Cancer.
CONCLUSION: The first 5 year-decline was much higher than that among Japanese individuals who participated in an annual health examination program. Further research should be performed to identify an appropriate strategy for selecting the suitable type of urinary diversion and postoperative nutritional interventions to improve the clinical outcome of patients with bladder cancer. PMID: 30955203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - April 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Miyake M, Owari T, Tomizawa M, Matsui M, Nishibayashi N, Iida K, Onishi K, Hori S, Morizawa Y, Gotoh D, Itami Y, Nakai Y, Inoue T, Anai S, Torimoto K, Aoki K, Tanaka N, Fujimoto K Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Gallic Acid on Testicular Tissue, Sperm Parameters, and DNA Fragmentation against Toxicity Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Adult NMRI Mice.
This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of Gallic acid (GA) on the Cyclophosphamide (CP) toxicity induced in the reproductive system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a pilot study for dose responses of Gallic acid ,Forty adult male NMRI mice were divided into 5 groups (n=8): control, sham (NaCl Serum: 0.2mL per day), CP (15 mg kg-1 per week; IP), GA (12.5 mg kg-1 per day ; IP) and GA (12.5 mg kg-1 per day ; IP) +CP(15 mg kg-1 per week; IP). After treatment, the left testis was detached and used for Histological examination and right testis used for Malondialdehyde (MDA) measures. Left caudal epididymis was ...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mehraban Z, Ghaffari Novin M, Golmohammadi MG, Sagha M, Ziai SA, Abdollahifar MA, Nazarian H Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

An Open Radical Prostatectomy Approach that mimics the Technique of Robot-assisted Prostatectomy: A Comparison of Perioperative Outcomes.
CONCLUSION: We observed that the EBL, TR and OT were significantly lower when we applied the modified RRP technique to patients. This modified technique might be applicable for institutions as an alternative procedure for the standard RRP technique. PMID: 30882157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Özkaptan O, Balaban M, Sevinc C, Karadeniz T Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of Platelet Counts in Patients with Metastatic Prostate Cancer Treated with Endocrine Therapy.
This study included 197 patients with stage IV prostate cancer who were treated with endocrine therapy as primary treatment at Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan, between January 1999 and November 2012. Prognostic values including baseline clinical laboratory values before endocrine therapy for stage IV prostate cancer were examined. Patients (n = 30) who were not followed or for whom data were unavailable or who were treated with radiotherapy were excluded from the study. Excluding these patients, we retrospectively analyzed 167 patients who were treated with endocrine therapy as the primary treatment. Disease-specifi...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shimodaira K, Nakashima J, Nakagami Y, Hirasawa Y, Hashimoto T, Satake N, Gondo T, Namiki K, Ohori M, Ohno Y Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Comparison of Supracostal and Infracostal Access For Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Abstract PURPOSE: In this meta-analysis, we aimed to compared efficacy and safety of supracostal and infracostal access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included eligible studies from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Literature searching, quality assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. Data were analyzed by RevMan software. Binary and continuous variables were calculated as odds ratios (OR) and mean difference (MD). RESULTS: Two prospective comparative studies and seven retro...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: He Z, Tang F, Lu Z, He Y, Wei G, Zhong F, Zeng G, Wu W, Yan L, Li Z Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Treatment Satisfaction with Flexible-dose Fesoterodine in Patients with Overactive Bladder who were Dissatisfied with Previous Anticholinergic Therapy: A Multicenter Single-Arm Clinical Study.
Abstract PURPOSE: We investigated treatment satisfaction with flexible-dose fesoterodine in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) who were dissatisfied with previous anticholinergic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were prescribed fesoterodine 4 mg for 4 weeks and fesoterodine 4 mg or 8 mg for another 8 weeks. The primary end point of this study was patients' satisfaction after 12 weeks of fesoterodine treatment on a five-point Likert scale. Secondary end points included a change in the number of daytime micturition, urgency incontinence episodes, urgency episodes, and nocturnal micturition in a ...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Choi JB, Cho KJ, Park WH, Lee DH, Kim YH, Cho IR, Yoon H, Kim YS, Kim JC Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Assessment of sperm PAWP expression in infertile men.
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate expression of Post-Acrosomal WW Binding Protein (PAWP) in infertile men with low and high fertilization post ICSI and also globozoospermic men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen samples were collected from 18 infertile men with previous failed or low fertilization (50%) post ICSI, 15 globozoospermic men, and 21 fertile individuals. Then, expression of PAWP was assessed at RNA with quantitative Real Time PCR. RESULTS: Relative expression of PAWP in sperm was significantly (p
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tanhaei S, Abdali-Mashhadi S, Tavalaee M, Javadian-Elyaderani S, Ghaedi K, Seifati SM, Nasr-Esfahani MH Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Comparison of Different Rectal Cleansing Methods for Reducing Post-Procedural Infectious Complications After Transrectal Ultrasound-Guided Prostate Biopsy.
Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of three different rectal cleansing methods for reducing post-procedural infectious complications after transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 451 consecutive patients who underwent TRUS-guided prostate biopsy were prospectively included in this study. All patients received targeted antimicrobial prophylaxis and underwent bowel preparation through laxative administration. The patients were divided into three groups on the basis of the method of rectal cleansing immediately before the procedure. Group I patients (n=165) ...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lee JE, Shin SS, Kang TW, Kim JW, Heo SH, Jeong YY Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Effects of Isothermic Irrigation on Core Body Temperature During Endoscopic Urethral Stone Treatment Surgery Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion? Isothermic irrigation decreases both the reduction in core temperature and the incidence of shivering while increasing the surgeon comfort. PMID: 30882163 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Canturk M, Hakki M, Kocaoglu N Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The association of a number of predictive factors for the recurrence of papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential: Prognostic analysis from multiple academic centers.
CONCLUSION: Tumor multiplicity and previous history of urothelial neoplasm are independent prognostic factors for prediction of recurrence of PUNLMP. More careful and closer follow-up should be recommended for PULNMP patients with tumor multiplicity or a previous history of urothelial neoplasm. PMID: 30882164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kim KH, Lee SH, Kim SI, Chung BH, Koo KC, Cho JS, Bang WJ, Park JY, Hong SJ Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Laparoscopic repair of a ureterosciatic hernia with urosepsis.
Abstract Hernias of pelvic floor are very rare condition, and herniations of ureter into sciatic foramen are extremely rare condition which is globally reported only by 32 cases. Clinical aspects of ureterosciatic hernias appeared variously according to the degree of hydronephrosis, inflammation and infection of kidney due to ureter obstruction. Herein, we report our experience of laparoscopic repair in a patient with ureterosciatic hernia combined urosepsis. PMID: 30882165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Moon KT, Cho HJ, Kang JY, Yoo TK, Cho JM Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Effect of Irrigation Solution Temperature on Complication of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: Warm irrigation solution use during PCNL would result in decrease significantly hypothermia, the mean postoperative pain score and shivering. Hence use of warm irrigation fluid for this matter is recommended. PMID: 30882166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hosseini SR, Mohseni MG, Aghamir SMK, Rezaei H Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Hypersensitive or detrusor overactivity: Which is Associated with Filling Symptoms in Female Bladder Outlet Obstructed Patients?
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate and compare detrusor overactivity (DO) and bladder filling sensation characteristics in female bladder outlet obstruction (FBOO) patients with or without overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-seven FBOO patients with urodynamic testing were recruited. Patients who showed urinary urgency ( ? 6 episodes/3 d), with or without urinary frequency ( ?8 voids/24 h), and urge incontinence ( ? 3 episodes/3 d) were considered to have OAB. The detrusor overactivity (DO) and bladder filling sensation measures including first sensation (FSF), first desir...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zhang J, Cao M, Chen Y, Liang W, Liang Y Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Initial prospective study of ambulatory mPCNL on upper urinary tract calculi.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and safety of ambulatory mPCNL (mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy) on upper urinary tract calculi. METHODS: Clinical data of 18 patients received ambulatory mPCNL during Aug. 2017 to Jan. 2018 and 23 patients treated with routine inpatient mPCNL of the corresponding period were collected. All the patients included received 16Fr channel PCNL under the guidance of Doppler ultrasound. A 6Fr double J stent was placed in the ureter for internal drainage, and either an indwelling 14Fr open nephrostomy tube was placed or the puncture channel was filled with absorbable h...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tian Y, Yang X, Luo G, Wang Y, Sun Z Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Is Absence of Hydronephrosis a Risk Factor for Bleeding in Conventional Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy?
Abstract PURPOSE: There is conflict of evidence regarding whether absence of hydronephrosis is a risk factor for bleeding in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Moreover, among the stone complexity scoring system used for PNL (Guy's stone score, the S.T.O.N.E. nephrometry and the CROES nomogram), only the S.T.O.N.E. nephrometry score incorporates hydronephrosis as a risk factor. Therefore, this study aimed to compare perioperative outcomes according to the presence or absence of hydronephrosis in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) patients and to investigate whether absence of hydronephrosis is a risk factor for ...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kim HY, Choe HS, Lee DS, Yoo JM, Lee SJ Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The association of length of the resected membranous urethra with urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy.
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that the length of resected MU measured by specimen was an independent predictor of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. Care should be taken to preserve maximal length of MU for optimal continence outcomes. PMID: 30882170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kohjimoto Y, Yamashita S, Kikkawa K, Iba A, Matsumura N, Hara I Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The Impact of Sheath Size in Miniaturized Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Adult Patients; A Matched-pair Analysis.
Abstract PURPOSE: The miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPNL) can be performed by using a very wide range of different access sheaths (14-22 Fr).It has been well known that tract size is one of the main parameters affecting the complication rates in PNL. We aimed to compare 21 Fr with 16.5 Fr mPNL tract sizes in adult patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2013 to April 2018, 604 patients with kidney stone underwent mPNL in our department. The study was designed as retrospective and match-pair analysis was the preferred method for the formation of groups.  The 21 Fr mPNL cases were matched wit...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Erbin A, Ucpinar B, Cubuk A, Yazici O, Uysal H, Savun M, Basal S, Akbulut MF Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Bilateral Primary Renal Lymphoma Presented As Homogenous Renal Enlargement And Acute Interstitial Nephritis.
Abstract Primary renal lymphoma(PRL) is an extremely rare form of extranodal lymphoma andexhibitsas single (10-20%), multifocal nodules (60%), renal invasion from contiguous retroperitoneal disease (25-30%), diffuse infiltration (20%) or perirenal involvement (10%)[1] .Here we report a case of bilateral primary renal lymphoma in a 13 year-old boy who presented with homogenous nephromegaly and acute interstitial nephritis(AIN).The renal biopsy revealed primary renal T lymphoblastic lymphoma. Hyper-CVAD regimen was initiated and the renal function had been recovered after the first round of chemotherapy. To our know...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lei W, Wang H, Di W, Feng M, Li L, Shiren S Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The association of postvoiding residual volume, uroflowmetry parameters and bladder sensation.
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate whether postvoiding residual bladder volume (PVR) and uroflowmetry parameters associate with bladder sensation in male patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and to find out the reliable time of these examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty men with bladder outlet obstruction underwent transabdominal ultrasound in order to measure postvoiding residual volume and uroflowmetry. At the first day, PVR was measured while the patients had mild bladder sensation. Patients emptied their bladder during uroflowmetry. The next day, same patients underwent a second uroflowmetry...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Uzun H, Kadioglu ME, Metin NO, Akca G Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Quantitative Analysis of Ultrasound Tissue Diffusion Elastography in The Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Prostate Lesions.
This study aims to evaluate the value of quantitative analysis of ultrasound real-time tissue diffusion elastography in the diagnosis of benign and malignant prostate lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2010 to June 2013, 52 patients suspected with prostate cancer based on laboratory or clinical test results and underwent prostate biopsy in our hospital were enrolled into this study. The age of these patients ranged between 45-82 years, with an average age of 67.2 ± 6.8 years. All patients underwent transrectal real-time ultrasound elastography (TRTE) before biopsy. A total of 63 prostate nodules were de...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Guo J, Liang L, Zhou N, Li DY Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Potential Prognostic Role for SPOP, DAXX, RARRES1, and LAMP2 as an Autophagy Related Genes in Prostate Cancer.
Abstract PURPOSE: Autophagy plays a critical role in PCa development. DAXX has a potent pro-survival effect by enhancing cell growth in PCa via suppression of autophagy. Here, we depicted a network governed by DAXX and SPOP by which the autophagy pathway is suppressed through the ubiquitination and modulation of key cellular signaling pathways mediators including LAMP2 and RARRES1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through network-based bioinformatics approaches, the expression levels of DAXX, RARRES1, LAMP2, and SPOP genes was assessed in 50 PCa tissues and 50 normal adjacent from the same sample as well as 50 benign p...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jamali L, Moradi A, Ganji M, Ayati M, Kazeminezhad B, Fazeli Attar Z, Ghaedi H, Ghaderian SMH, Fallah-Karkan M, Ranjbar A Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Detection of Polymorphisms in MTHFD1 G1958A and Its Possible Association with Idiopathic Male Infertility.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the polymorphism in MTHFD1 G1598A gene could be considered as an important genetic disorder associated with the etiology of male infertility. PMID: 30882176 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Khaki AA, Tanoomand A, Hajibemani A, Abouhamzeh B Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Clinical and Bacterial Risk Factors for Development of Post-Prostate Biopsy Infections.
Abstract PURPOSE: To research on clinical and bacterial risk factors and their relationship with post-prostate biopsy infection (PBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, rectal swabs were collected from 158 men prior to prostate biopsy and cultured selectively for identify ciprofloxacin-resistant (FQ-R) gram-negative bacteria. The patient characteristics, phylogenetic background, sequence typing and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern were compared in two groups of FQ-R E. coli rectal and clinical isolates. RESULTS: In total, PBI was observed in 20 (12.5%) cases; the mos...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hasanzadeh A, Black P, Pourmand MR, Pourmand G Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy versus laparoscopic approach in management of large proximal ureteral stone: the experience of two different institutions.
In this study we compared success rate and complications of two different approaches: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in management of large proximal ureteral stone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study the success rate and complications of 52 patients with proximal ureteral stone who had been operated with PCNL by one of the supervisors of this study in Hamadan's Shahid Beheshti Hospital were compared with 55 patients with proximal ureteral stone who had been operated with laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in Tehran's Shahid Labbafi Nejad Hospital. RESULT...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mousavi Bahar SH, Amirhassani S, Nouralizadeh A, ZerafatJou N, Rasiuli J Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Effects of opium dependency on testicular tissue in a rat model: an experimental study.
This study is aimed to evaluate the effects of opium dependency on testicular tissue in a rat model. METHODS: Thirty-two Wistar male rats (aged 30 days and weighing 200-250 grams) were randomized into two groups. Group A, consisting of 16 rats, received dissolved oral opium tablets in drinking water for 45 days, whereas group B (control group) consisted of 16 rats that received opium-free water. After 45 days vertical and horizontal diameters of testis, number of seminiferous tubules, mean seminiferous tubule diameter, number of germ cells, height of germinal epithelium, percentage of degenerating Leydig and germ cell...
Source: Urology Journal - March 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jamshidian H, Amini E, Karvar M, Ayati E, Ayati M, Pishgar F, Jamali Zavarehei M, Azmoudeh Ardalan F, Khazaeipour Z, Amanpour S, Aghamiri SM Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Revisiting Vesico-urethral anastomosis during open radical retropubic prostatectomy, simple and reproducible technique, a single center experience with 200 cases.
Conclusion:   The surgical technique has been shown as independent predictors of urinary continence. We introduce a new simple modification of Vesico-urethral anastomosis during RP. Using this technique; in addition to decrease in anastomotic disruption rate and increasing knot tying control, may affect postoperative urinary continence after ORP.VUA  (Vesico-urethral anastomosis)  ,   ORP  (Open Radical Prostatectomy)  , RP (Radical Prostatectomy). PMID: 30805915 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - February 26, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hosseini Sharifi SH, Basiri A Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The role of Vitamin E - Selenium - Folic acid supplementation in improving the sperm parameters after varicocelectomy: a randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, Vit E-Se-FA supplementation could improve the sperm parameters (count and motility of sperm) after VCT. Further studies with larger number of samples are needed to make a proper decision on Vit E-Se-FA supplementation after VCT. PMID: 30798568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - February 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ardestani Zadeh A, Arab D, Kia NS, Heshmati S, Amirkhalili SN Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Chinese One-shot Dilation versus Sequential Fascial Dilation for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A Feasibility Study and Comparison.
Abstract PURPOSE: Nephrostomy tract creation is a key step to perform a successful percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). In an attempt to improve the conventional technique of the tract dilation, a Chinese one-shot dilation was developed and compared with the sequential fascial dilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 116 patients who had undergone 116 PCNL in our department from January 2012 to December 2012. The nephrostomy tracts had been created by using Chinese one-shot (one-shot group, 59 cases) or sequential fascial dilation technique (sequential group, 57 cases). ...
Source: Urology Journal - February 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Xiong J, Shi Y, Zhang X, Xing Y, Li W Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The effect of time to castration resistance on overall survival and success of docetaxel treatment in castration resistant prostate cancer patients.
CONCLUSION: TTCR appears to be an independent prognostic factor for patients who are candidates for DCR. PMID: 30636274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - January 13, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Suer E, Hamidi N, Akpinar C, Gokce MI, Gulpinar O, Turkolmez K, Beduk Y, Baltaci S Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery vs. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy vs. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Lower Pole Renal Stones 10-20 mm : A Meta-analysis and Systematic Review.
Abstract PURPOSE: To conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis of existing evidence to quantify and compare the safety and efficacy of PCNL, RIRS and ESWL for lower pole renal stones 10-20mm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in the EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane databases and Google Scholar to identify relevant studies published in English up to May 2018. Literature reviewed included meta-analyses, and randomized and nonrandomized studies. The subject in the management of PCNL, RIRS and ESWL of studies being patients who had lower pole renal stones 10-20mm were selected. The odd ratio...
Source: Urology Journal - January 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Junbo L, Yugen L, Guo J, Jing H, Ruichao Y, Tao W Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The Effect of Aerobic Training on Serum Levels of Adiponectin, Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Gonadal Axis and Sperm Quality in Diabetic Rats.
CONCLUSION: Short term aerobic training can improve serum adiponectin levels and sperm parameters, including sperm count and sperm motility through increasing serum testosterone, LH and FSH levels in type 2 diabetic rats. PMID: 30604406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - January 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Parastesh M, Saremi A, Ahmadi A, Kaviani M Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Evaluation of Diagnostic Accuracy of Percutaneous Biopsy for Small Renal Masses and First Report of Post-Biopsy Adhesions: A Prospective Study.
CONCLUSION: In this relatively small serie, percutenous ultrasound guided biopsy to determine the histology of small renal masses achieved a high diagnostic accuracy. FNAB alone has a low diagnostic accuracy with false negative results when compared. However, tru-cut core biopsy has a diagnostic accuracy of %100. Therefore we recommend tru-cut biopsy when histopathological diagnosis is required for small renal masses. Adhesions due to biopsy may cause difficulties during dissection. PMID: 30604407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - January 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Doganca T, Obek C Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

A Rare Case Report of Undescended Testis: Both on One Side.
We report in this article a 3 years old boy by a chief complaint of bilateral testicular mass absence. Diagnostic evaluation has been done but testes was abcent in scrota.  Exploring laparoscopy has been done and rare cases of UDT diagnosed, in which both testicles was on left side of the pelvis by two separate spermatic cord. The shorter spermatic cord fixed in the left scrotum and the longer one fixed on the right side. The testis was normal in follow up examinations. PMID: 30604408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - January 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tasa D, Fotoohi A, Safarnejad F, Elyasi A Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Is screening of Staghorn Stones cost-effective?
Conclusion: If screening staghorn stones are done every two years for 30-70-year-old individuals, it would be cost effective considering WHO method and 3026 USD could be saved in the health care system per each person. PMID: 30604409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - January 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kavosh AM, Aminsharifi AR, Keshtkar V, Jafari A, Abdollahifard G Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Bladder Malakoplakia Simulating Neoplasm in a Young Girl: Report of a Case and Review of Literature.
Abstract Malakoplakia is a granulomatous disorder caused by infectious process. It was described by Von Hanseman in 1901 for the first time and then by Michaelis and Gutman in 1902.  Although the most frequent site of involvement is genitourinary tract, various organs have been reported to be affected. The peak age incidence is about 50 years and it is rare in childhood. In this paper we report a case of bladder malakoplakia which to our knowledge is the youngest with isolated bladder malakoplakia that has been reported. PMID: 30596224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - December 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rabani SMR, Rabani SH Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Human Papilloma Virus DNA in Tumor Tissue and Urine in Different Stage of Bladder Cancer.
Abstract PURPOSE: There are some previous reports on the relationship between pathological grades and HPV detection. To determine the Human Papilloma Virus(HPV)  DNA in Tumor Tissue and Urine in Different Stage of Bladder Cancer conducted this study.Materials and Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect general HPV and HPV16 and 18 subtypes in 110 bladder tumor tissue and urine specimens of patients with TCC of bladder between January 2014 to May 2016 that underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor. Exclusion criteria were genital wart and cases with immunosupression. ...
Source: Urology Journal - December 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Javanmard B, Barghi MR, Amani D, Fallah Karkan M, Mazloomfard MM Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Modified Hinderer's Technique for Serious Proximal Hypospadias with Ventral Curvature: Outcomes and Our Experience.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the modified Hinderer's technique is a safe and reliable technique for both proximal and perineal hypospadias. Low complication rates and application in a single surgical session increase the comfort of both the patient and the surgeon. PMID: 30520010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - December 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ciftci I, Gunduz M, Sekmenli T Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

A large Number of Metastatic Subcutaneous Nodules: A Complication of Percutaneous Biopsy for Atypical Renal Cell Carcinoma.
Abstract A 68-year-old man underwent ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of a suspicious renal mass. Just two weeks later, a large number of subcutaneous nodules was found in patient's chest-back, neck and axilla. pathology analysis was found to be metastatic subcutaneous nodules, These features suggest that tumor seeding have occurred during the needle biopsy. Despite needle tract seeding is a rare event, this rare complication should be taken into consideration before contemplating its use in a patient. PMID: 30471073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - November 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Liu H, Pan W, Shen X, Zhang N Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Evaluation of Oxidative Stress in Testis and Sperm of Rat Following Induced Varicocele.
Abstract PURPOSE: Oxidative stress (OS) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of varicocele (VC), however, comprehensive studies concomitantly assessing semen parameter along with chromatin status, oxidative stress, and enzymatic antioxidants in both testis and sperm are limited. Therefore, this study aims to assess these parameters in varicocelized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this study, 30 Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: Control group (I); sham-operated group (II) and left varicocele group (III). Left varicocele was induced and two months after surgery, we evaluated sperm par...
Source: Urology Journal - November 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Erfani Majd N, Sadeghi N, Tavalaee M, Tabandeh MR, Nasr-Esfahani MH Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Virtual Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Fetal Cystoscopy: A Novel Modality for Precise in Utero Evaluation of Urinary Tract.
Abstract Urogenital anomalies are the most prevalent anomalies detected during pregnancy. Timely detection of these conditions could facilitate proper post-natal management and improve outcomes. In some cases, precise delineation of fetal urinary tract utilizing ultrasonography is not feasible. Moreover, sometimes the ultrasound study is technically limited. Magnetic resonance imaging could clarify the diagnosis in these situations. Prenatal ultrasonography indicated hydronephrosis and a 14 mm cystic lesion at right ureterovesical junction in a 25-week fetus. However, fetal magnetic resonance urography was not abl...
Source: Urology Journal - November 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kajbafzadeh AM, Nabavizadeh B, Seyed Hossein Beigi R, Alinia P, Mirshahvalad SA Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Does Mantoux Test Result Predicts BCG Immunotherapy Efficiency and Severe ToXxicity in Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer.
CONCLUSION: This study shows, that TST does not have value in prediction of bladder cancer recurrence, progression nor cancer specific survival. Also it doesn't have a value in predicting therapy toxicity. PMID: 30471076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - November 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Krajewski W, Zdrojowy R, Grzególka J, Krajewski P, Wróbel M, Luczak M, Kolodziej A Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Salvage autologous fascial sling after failed anti-incontinence surgeries: Long term follow up.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long term outcomes of autologous pubovaginal fascial sling (AFPVS) as a salvage procedure following different types of failed anti-incontinence surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who had undergone salvage AFPVS after any kind of anti-incontinence surgery from 2005-2015 at our medical center. Patients were contacted by telephone. Revised Urinary Incontinence Scale (RUIS) was used to determine the success rate. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients out of 51 were successfully contacted. Mean patient age was 50.8± 9.8 ye...
Source: Urology Journal - November 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sharifiaghdas F, Mahmoudnejad N, Honarkar Ramezani M, Shemshaki HR, Ameri F Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Cytoreductive and Palliative Radical Prostatectomy, Extended Lymphadenectomy and Bilateral Orchiectomy in Advanced Prostate Cancer with Oligo and Widespread Bone Metastases: Result of a Feasibility, Our Initial Experience.
CONCLUSION: Although surgery doesn't improve cancer specific survival in patients with skeletal metastatic prostate cancer in the short term, but offers better local control, improves biochemical relapse-free survival, might prevent excessive interventions, reduce bone pain and metastasis. PMID: 30393838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - November 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Simforoosh N, Dadpour M, Mofid B Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Evaluation of the results and complications of laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy in patients with a history of radical prostatectomy.
CONCLUSION: It is concluded that TAPP for inguinal hernia repair after radical prostatectomy has good results and is effective. But according to rate of recurrence, its safeness is conflicting. We notice no major complication in our patients during the time of follow up. This may be due to safety of the operation in the proposed patients. However, for a definite decision regarding recurrence rate or post-operative complications for long-term measurement have to be waited for. PMID: 30345490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Izadpanahi MH, Milasi R Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Angioemboliziation of Internal Pudendal Artery for Treatment of Long Lasting Gross Hematuria After Transurethral Resection of the Prostate.
Abstract To present a case of recurrent gross hematuria after transurethral resection of the prostate that was refractory to endoscopic and open hemostatic interventions at the bladder neck and prostatic fossa. After performing angiographic evaluation of the pelvic vessels and finding the Pseudoaneurysm, percutaneous embolization of arterial supply of the pseudoaneurysm wad done. The location and type of lesion were successfully determined by angiography and controlled by angio-embolization of the internal pudendal artery. It seems that angiography can be helpful in the diagnosis and management of refractory bleed...
Source: Urology Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rezaeimehr B, Modanloo M, Davoodi M, Sakhaei SM, Farsavian H, Younesi Rostami M Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

IL-6 Genomic Variants and Risk of Prostate Cancer.
CONCLUSION: Consequently, the results of the current study provide further evidence for contribution of IL-6 in prostate cancer. PMID: 30345492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Taheri M, Noroozi R, Rakhshan A, Ghanbari M, Omrani MD, Ghafouri-Fard S Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The Learning Curve Does Not Affect Positive Surgical Margin Status in Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy.
CONCLUSION: We can conclude that at least 50 RALP cases are needed to gain proficiency even for an experienced surgeon in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Our study demonstrates that surgeons experience can affect the perioperative variables but the LC does not affect PSM status in RALP. PMID: 30345493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Islamoglu E, Karamik K, Ozsoy C, Tokgoz H, Ates M, Savas M Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

The Effect of Anticholinergics for Prevention of Storage Symptoms After Prostate Photovaporization.
Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of oral anticholinergics as a preventive strategy of storage symptoms and urinary incontinence associated with the early postoperative period after Greenlight laser photovaporization of the prostate (PVP). To analyze potential variables related to the onset of these symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 105 patients who underwent PVP using a 180-W Greenlight laser (XPS). Patients were divided into two groups, depending on whether they were or weren´t prescribed anticholinergics when discharged (oral solifenacin 5 mg for 1 month after surgery)....
Source: Urology Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Martin Way DA, Barrabino Martin R, Puche Sanz I, Vicente Prados FJ, Cozar Olmo JM Tags: Urol J Source Type: research

Our Results of Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomies Without Pedicle Dissection: Possible Advantages and Disadvantages.
CONCLUSION: Present un-controlled results pointed that tumor-focusing nephron-sparing non-ischemic partial laparoscopic nephrectomy may be preferable for small-sized, low-complex renal masses. PMID: 30345495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Urology Journal)
Source: Urology Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Verit A, Urkmez A, Yuksel OH, Uruc F Tags: Urol J Source Type: research