Malrotated Right Supernumerary Kidney: Case Report of A Rare Anomaly
We report a case of 18-year-old lady with a history of vague intermittent abdominal pain and has palpable abdominal mass who was found to have malrotated right supernumerary kidney with pelviureteric junction obstruction. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Bilateral inguinal lipoblastomas presenting as inguinal hernias
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Lisa B.E. Shields, Thomas M. FitzGibbon, Dennis S. Peppas, Eran RosenbergAbstractLipoblastomas are rare, encapsulated tumors arising from embryonic white fat. They primarily occur in infancy and early childhood and have a male predominance. Lipoblastomas are usually located on the trunk and extremities although may develop on the head and neck, mediastinum, abdomen, and retroperitoneum. They are seldom encountered in the inguinal region. A complete resection of the tumor followed by diligent postoperative imaging are essential to detect r...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Primary Renal Lymphoma: An Incidental Finding in an Elderly Male
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Ben Silverman, Joey Levy, Alexandra S. Vagasi, Rosemary Purrazzella, Shahriyour AndazAbstractPrimary renal lymphoma (PRL) is a rare disease process which represents less than 1% of all renal masses and is an uncommon type of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. PRL is of clinical significance due to the fact that unlike the more commonly seen renal cell carcinoma, PRL is treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by nephrectomy. This challenges the long held notion that preoperative biopsies are not necessary prior to nephrectomy for renal m...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The end of “Cutting for Stone”? Using the lithoclast trilogy for cystolitholapaxy on a 4 cm bladder stone per urethra
We present a case of cystolitholapaxy using the LithoClast Trilogy lithotripter device per urethra via a rigid 26F nephroscope in a 36-year-old female with chondrodysplasia, paraplegia, contractures, and history of bladder augment managed with clean intermittent catheterization. The stone was 4cm in diameter with an average of 1300 Hounsfield Units, and composed of 45% calcium phosphate, 40% struvite, and 15% ammonium urate. Advantages include faster fragmentation time versus holmium laser, improved safety with suction extraction and improved vision, ability to treat larger stones endoscopically, and control of all variabl...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Renal cell carcinoma in ectopic pelvic kidney: A rare case report with relevant surgical anatomy
We present a case of 65 years old gentleman, having complaints of hematuria having heterogeneously enhancing SOL in left pelvic ectopic kidney. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Penile Calciphyilaxis Treated With Daily Tadalafil: Case Report
We present a case of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient on Hemodialysis, with calciphyilaxis, whose clinical manifestation were ulcerated lesions on the penis, treated with phosphodiesterae-5 (PDE5) inhibitors, with good clinical response. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Left renal mass with venous extension in hemi-azygous vein
We report a 55-year-old man who had left RM arising from the upper pole with invasion in left renal vein, IVC and hemi-azygous vein. To our knowledge, we report the first case of RM with venous extension in hemi-azygous vein. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Transurethral cystoscopic removal foreign body (thermometer) with a stone extractor: A case
In this report, a 25 years old male inserted a thermometer in his bladder, and a transurethral cystoscopic removal procedure was conducted with a stone extractor. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Advanced bladder cancer with malignant psoas syndrome: A case report with a focus on physical findings and complications
We report a case involving a 58-year-old woman with bilateral MPS caused by advanced bladder cancer. Rapid progress of a severe crouching posture with multiple deep venous thromboses was an important symptom of this case. Although 4 cycles of chemotherapy were administered, the patient died 8 months following disease onset. Since, these noteworthy symptoms have never been previously reported, in this report, we present the characteristic physical findings using photographs and cancer-related events that occur in MPS. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urinothorax causing massive left side pleural effusion in a young lady; case report and literature review
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Alaa S. Bahjat, Kamiran J. Sadeeq, Ahamd Mohammad Sharif Tahir, Ayad Ahmad MohammedAbstractUrinothorax is the presence of the urine in the pleural space. This condition is very rare and occurs due to unrelieved obstruction of urinary flow.A 20-year-old female presented 7 days after cesarean section with tachypnea, and generalized abdominal pain. There was absent air entry over the left hemithorax. CT scan showed massive left pleural effusion and a stone obstructing renal pelvis with hydronephrosis with peri-renal collection. The pleural f...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 30, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Left Renal Mass with venous extension in hemi-azygous vein.
We report a 55-year-old man who had left RM arising from the upper pole with invasion in hemi-azygous vein, IVC, left renal vein and azygous veins. To our knowledge, we report the first case of RM with venous extension in hemi-azygous vein. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Intravenous pyogenic granuloma of the renal vein: A rare morphological differential diagnosis to renal cell carcinoma
We report the fourth case reported world-wide of an intravenous pyogenic granuloma (IVPG) originating from a renal vessel. This rare and benign tumor is mostly found in the head and neck region and has been described very rarely in association with the kidneys. By reviewing the characteristics of all published cases we suggest diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for patients with possible IVPG in the renal vessels out of the view of highly experienced surgeons specialized in advanced Inferior Vena Cava-thrombectomy. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

IgG4-related pseudo-tumor of the kidney and multiple organ involvement mimicked malignancy
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Jerasit Surintrspanont, Anapat Sanpawat, Kewalee Sasiwimonphan, Piyada SitthideatphaiboonAbstractImmunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an increasingly recognized systemic condition characterized by particular clinical, serologic, and pathologic features that are consistent across a wide range of organ systems. Herein, we present a rare case of IgG4-RD presenting as multiple inflammatory pseudotumors involving the kidney and other organs involvement mimicking urothelial cell carcinoma with liver, lymph node and lung metastasis. Th...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Rare Complication of Intravesical Early Instillation of Mitomycin C After TURBT
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Humam Hatem, Jörg LeifeldAbstractThe early intravesical Instillation of mitomycin C (MMC) is accepted as safe adjuvant therapy after TURBT by non- muscle- invasive bladder cancer if there is no perforation. In our case we report a female patient undergoing resection of papillary recurrent tumor on the anterior bladder wall. In the early postoperative period had the patient no complaints regarding to Instillation of MMC. The clinical manifestation of the necrosis of the anterior bladder wall appeared after one week requiring a long ex...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

De novo minimal change disease in the renal allograft
We describe a case of MCD sixteen months post-transplant that has initially responded well to corticosteroid therapy. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Inflammatory pseudotumor of the tunica albuginea and the tunica vaginalis: Case-report
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Kamiran J. Sadee, Rafil T. Yaqo, Ayad Ahmad MohamedAbstractInflammatory pseudo tumor of the tunica is rare and typically presents as long standing, painless scrotal mass.A 23-year-old man had palpable, multiple, hard scrotal masses for 3 months. Laboratory investigations were normal (including LDH, AFP, HCG).Radical inguinal orchiectomy done.Macroscopically the testis and epididymis were normal, with multiple gray nodules surrounding the testis and epididymis, attached to the tunica albuginea and vaginalis, had smooth surface, partly whor...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A rare case of non-functioning bladder paraganglioma treated with robotic assisted partial cystectomy
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Shaheen Alanee, Sean R. Williamson, Nilesh S. GuptaAbstractPrimary bladder paraganglioma is rare. A 57-year old man presented with a mass in the inferior wall of the bladder identified on computerized tomography imaging. We investigated the mass with office cystoscopy followed by transurethral resection, which was found to be a nonfunctioning paraganglioma. 68Ga-DOTA-conjugated somatostatin receptor-targeting peptide positron emission tomography revealed no other locations of the disease. The mass was then completely removed through robot...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Characterizing high-grade serous papillary carcinoma of tunica vaginalis
We report a case of high-grade serous papillary carcinoma of the tunica vaginalis, treated with radical orchiectomy and hemi-scrotectomy after being referred for a rapidly growing painless scrotal mass. In addition to negative testicular tumor markers, scrotal ultrasound, and conventional computerized tomography (CT) scanning, this patient's workup included a positron emission tomography (PET) scan using F-18-fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG), demonstrating metabolically avid uptake of the disease. This patient is completing ongoing close follow up and is currently disease free at nine months post definitive treatment. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 22, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

2 year outcome for 8 year old female managed with partial cystectomy for primary bladder clear cell carcinoma
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Edward C. Diaz, Monica G. Velasquez, Chia-Sui Kao, Hsi-Yang WuAbstractBladder cancer is rare in the pediatric population, and clear cell carcinoma is extremely rare with one other pediatric case reported. Here we report the clinical outcome for a medically complicated pediatric patient with muscle invasive clear cell carcinoma treated with partial cystectomy without neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy. Final pathology was stage T2bN0M0 with negative margins. At 2 years, there is no disease recurrence by cystoscopy, chest and abdominal imaging...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Giant bladder stone with history of recurrence urinary tract infections: A rare case
Publication date: September 2019Source: Urology Case Reports, Volume 26Author(s): Eriawan Agung Nugroho, Dila Junita, Yanuar Hendra WijayaAbstractGiant bladder stone more than 100 g is a rare finding and commonly associated with urinary tract infection. 32-year-old male came with history of lower abdominal pain, dysuria for 2 years. Patient had history of recurrence urinary tract infections for past 1 year and also complaint pollakiuria, incomplete emptying and hematuria. Abdominal radiograph and ultrasound revealed round calcified pelvic calculi. Patient received antibiotic and underwent open cystolithotomy. Extirpated ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 19, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Multimodal therapy in urachal carcinoma with oligometastatic bone disease
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): C. García Alvarez, R.J. González Alvarez, A.C. Plata Bello, H. Alvarez-Argüelles Cabrera, D. Castro Díaz, T. Concepción MasipAbstractA 35-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital for urachal carcinoma with oligometastatic bone disease. He received a surgical resection through the umbilical area, urachal ligament and bladder dome (partial cystectomy) and adjuvant chemotherapy based on cisplatin-gemcitabine regimens together zoledronic acid with a good tolerance, no toxicity. Nine months after surg...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Connected Catheter for management of Chronic Urinary Retention (CUR) in an adult male with Neurogenic Bladder – Case study
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Ernest Agatstein, Shahrad AynehchiAbstractMillions of adults suffer from chronic urinary retention or disorders that require catheterization for bladder management. The current standard of care for these patients consists of three different methods of catheterization, all of which present varying levels of infection, urethral trauma, and patient discomfort or inconvenience. We studied a 34 -year-old man with chronic urinary retention, frequent urinary tract infections and strictures, with a fully internal, extended use, wirelessly control...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Renal Transplantation with Duplicated Ureters: A Case Report
We reported a case in which a renal allograft with duplicated ureters from a 25-year old donor were successfully transplanted into a 38-year old recipient with combination of spatulation and side-to-side anastomosis of the duplicated ureters with Lich-Gregoir technique for ureteroneocystostomy of the transplantation. There was no complication after the transplant. The recipient's post-operative course remains uneventful at more than 4 months with serum creatinine 1.35 mg/dL. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 13, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Primary Amyloidosis of the Bladder Mimicking Probable Malignancy: A Case Report
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Puja Patel, Mohammad Pourmandi, Jeffrey S. LombardAbstractPrimary amyloidosis of the bladder is a rare clinical occurrence, with only a limited number of cases documented in literature thus far. Herein, is the presentation of a case involving a 75 year old male who presented with painless gross hematuria. Subsequent laboratory results and imaging completed were misleading, creating a high suspicion for bladder malignancy. Further workup revealed bladder biopsies to have positive apple-green birefringence with Congo-red immunostaining, dia...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 13, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Giant Bladder Stone with History of Recurrence Urinary Tract Infection:A Rare Case
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Eriawan Agung Nugroho, Dila Junita, Yanuar Hendra WijayaAbstractGiant bladder stone more than 100 grams is a rare finding and commonly associated with urinary tract infection. 32-year-old male came with history of lower abdominal pain, dysuria for 2 years. Patient had history of recurrence urinary tract infection for past 1 year and also complaint pollakiuria, incomplete emptying and hematuria. Abdominal radiograph and ultrasound revealed round calcified pelvic calculi. Patient received antibiotic and underwent open cystolithotomy. Extirp...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Extensive necrotizing fasciitis from Fournier's gangrene
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Abdulaziz Joury, Arjun Mahendra, Mona Alshehri, Asia DowningAbstractFournier's gangrene is rapidly progressive necrotizing fasciitis that mainly affects the male perineum. Despite the advancement in surgical intervention, Fournier's gangrene carries high rates of mortality. Here, we present a 51-year-old male with hypertension and history of alcohol abuse presented to the emergency department with scrotal pain and swelling for a one-week period without preceding trauma to perineal area. He underwent emergent surgical debridement for and ex...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 9, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Penile ossification of the entire penile shaft found incidentally on pelvic x-ray
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Georges El Hasbani, Richard Assaker, Sutasinee Nithisoontorn, William Plath, Rehan Munit, Talya ToledanoAbstractPenile ossification, a rare condition, is linked traditionally to Peyronie's disease (PD) despite the presence of other less common etiologies. The ossification takes place usually in the mid-shaft of the penis with few cases reporting involvement of the entire shaft. Ultrasound has been the method of choice to demonstrate plaque calcifications. Medical and surgical treatment options exist depending on the extent of ossification ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 9, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Retroperitoneal lipogranuloma mimicking recurrence of renal cell carcinoma after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy
We present a case of retroperitoneal lipogranuloma mimicking metastases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. A 63-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic left partial nephrectomy for RCC one year earlier had developed a left retroperitoneal tumor during postoperative surveillance. The tumor looked identical to an implant or recurrence of RCC on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT. We resected the tumor, and pathology showed a lipogranuloma. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 9, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Premature ejaculation-operative management after failure of conservative treatment
We report 1 case of microsurgical denervation of penis in men with lifelong premature ejaculation after failing to be treated conservatively. Although premature ejaculation is the most common sexual dysfunction in men, it is not well studied. Our aim was to investigate Micro-surgical denervation of penis (MSDP) as a method of treatment in men with lifelong PE after failure of different conservative treatment and to analyse the results. Much improving of ejaculatory control,distress,bother and IELT were identified from PEDT and PEP questionnaires. Furthermore investigations are needed to prove the role of operative treatmen...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The xy female and swyer syndrome
We present the case of a patient with Swyer syndrome, and compare them with other cases of patients with a 46 XY karyotype, phenotypically female, such as in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia from deficiency of the 17 α hydroxylase/ 17 – 20 Lyase enzyme and in the Congenital Androgenic Insensitivity Syndrome. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Primary Adenocarcinoma of Bulbomembranous Urethra: An Exceedingly Rare Carcinoma in a Male Patient
We report on a 68-year-old male patient with high-grade bulbomembranous urethral adenocarcinoma (not otherwise specified), who was treated with en bloc radical cystoprostatectomy, urethrectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Emphysematous Pyelitis in a Solitary Functioning Kidney
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Musab UmairAbstractThe present report describes the case of a 53-year-old male patient with solitary functioning right kidney admitted to the emergency room with acute abdominal pain, deranged blood sugar, and fever (38.5ºC). Laboratory investigations and computed tomography findings revealed urinary tract infection, deranged renal functions, raised inflammatory markers associated with the presence of gas in the collecting system, characterizing unilateral emphysematous pyelitis caused by Gram-negative bacteria. The present case repor...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pyeloduodenal fistula complicating neoadjuvant chemotherapy in a patient diagnosed with muscle invasive bladder cancer
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Shaheen AlaneeABSTRACTA 72-year old male presented with muscle invasive bladder cancer was counseled on the standard of care neoadjuvant chemotherapy and he started treatment. He then presented with anemia, blood in the stool and gas in the right renal pelvis and was diagnosed with Pyeloduodenal fistula. The fistula was treated with clipping by gastroenterology and the bladder tumor treated with robotic partial cystectomy. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Erythema multiforme major induced by sunitinib for metastatic renal cell carcinoma
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Daisuke Watanabe, Akemi Yamashita, Tadaaki Minowa, Kunihisa Miura, Akio MizushimaAbstractThere are currently several options for tyrosine kinase inhibitor as a systemic therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). The successful control of adverse events caused by such drugs, along with eliciting long-term maximum effect, are the major issues with respect to the treatment strategy for mRCC. We herein report the clinical course of mRCC, in which erythema multiforme major was observed on the 13th day of the first course of sunitinib, ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Case Report of Metastatic Prostate Cancer to Testicles: An Ominous Sign of Advanced Disease
We present the case of a 56 year old male who presented with diffusely worsening back pain along with scrotal swelling who was ultimately diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer to the bilateral testicles. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

An exceptional migration of ureteral stent after antegrade placement : a case report.
We report an exceptional migration of ureteral stent in patient who underwent a robot-assisted laparoscopic right pyelotomy. After stone removal, an antegrade ureteral stenting (7-french; Double J) was performed without fluoroscopic control. A radiographic control was performed the next day and highlighted a migration into the cardiovascular system. The Double J was removed percutaneously through the right femoral vein under fluoroscopic guidance. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Spontaneous rupture of Pyonephrosis leading to pyoperitoneum
We present a case of 50 year old lady who presented with acute abdomen, CT scan of abdomen showed features suggestive of left pyelonephritis and large intraperitoneal collection. Laparotomy was planned on suspicion of intraperitoneal source of sepsis. Peroperatively no intraperitoneal source of sepsis was found. Retrograde pyelography showed forniceal rupture at lower pole of kidney extending to peritoneal cavity without any obstructing stone or lesion. This case highlights an unusual presentation of pyonephrosis with peritonitis and pyoperitoneum. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Phalloplasty and Urethroplasty in Adult with Disorder of Sex Developments
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Kuncoro Adi, Safendra Siregar, Rani Septrina, Zola WijayantiAbstractThis case report presents our experience on the first phalloplasty and urethroplasty in adult with Development Sex Disorder (DSD) in Indonesia. A 25 years old male with DSD 46 XY planned undergo phalloplasty and urethroplasty with radial forearm free flap (RFFF). Eight months later, there was fistulas repairment due to urethrocutaneus fistulas. Cartilage insertion also was done to make a semi-rigid neophallus. At last, there was no new fistula or stricture developed. Qmax ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Amiodarone induced epididymo-orchitis
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Neethi Dasu, Yaser Khalid, Sravan Panuganti, Stephen DalyAbstractAmiodarone has a well-established and extensive side effect profile: pulmonary fibrosis, thyroid toxicity, corneal deposits, and skin discoloration. However, in some rare instances epididymitis/orchitis is a side effect of amiodarone. Symptoms range from testicular pain to swelling and erythema.1,2 The mechanism of how this toxicity occurs is unknown. In this case report, we will discuss the case of an elderly patient who developed epididymitis and orchitis after several year...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ureteric inguinal herniation with obstructing bladder tumour
We present the case of a 75-year-old man who presented with a symptomatic right inguinal hernia, which was found on imaging to include the right ureter. Cystoscopy to perform right ureteric stent insertion revealed bladder tumour obstructing the ipsilateral ureteric orifice. A multi-disciplinary approach involving urology, general surgery and interventional radiology was successful in achieving tumour resection, ureterolysis with preservation of ureter and inguinal hernia repair. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Schwannoma masquerading as adrenocortical tumor: A case report and review of literature
We report a case of adrenal schwannoma presented with vague abdominal pain. Initially, the patient was diagnosed as adrenocortical tumor that was treated with robotic adrenalectomy. Histopathological and immuno-histochemical examination revealed schwannoma. We will report the case and review the literature regarding this rare tumor. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for Juxtaglomerular apparatus tumour: A rare cause of hypertension
We report on the case of a partial nephrectomy for a Juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA) tumour in a 28 year old female who presented with fatigue and symptomatic hypertension, and a normal serum renin level on pre-operative work-up. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

BCG orchitis
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Joseph Cutrone, James J. SiegertAbstractIntravesical immunotherapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin has been shown to decrease tumor recurrence and progression in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Its ubiquitous use is further substantiated by its low rates of complications. Our patient is a 63 year old male with a circuitous medical course who presents with epididymoorchitis and scrotal abscess after his second three week cycle of maintenance BCG prompting scrotal exploration which revealed a non-viable testicle and large scrotal indurati...
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

An unusual case report of pulmonary adenoid cystic carcinoma metastasis to the kidney. Case report and literature review
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Noor Nabi Junejo, Latifa Almusalam, Khalid Ibraheem Alothman, Turki Omar Al HussainAbstractAdenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant neoplasm, frequently affecting the salivary glands, and rarely occurring in other locations. ACC is characterized by slow growth, perineural invasion, local and late recurrence after original treatment. However, renal metastasis of ACC is very rare. To our best knowledge, only 11 cases of ACC metastasis to the kidney have been reported in the English literature to date. Herein, we presented a rare case of...
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Obstructive Azoospermia Secondary to Bilateral Epididymal Cystadenomas in a Patient with von Hippel-Lindau
We present a case of a young man with obstructive azoospermia secondary to bilateral cystadenomas, with a focus on his work-up and management. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pneumoscrotum in Patient with Pneumothorax: A Case Report
We report a 40-year-old male presented to the emergency room, with a shortness of breath. From the examination, the patient was diagnosed with left pneumothorax and performed Water Sealed Drainage (WSD) on the left hemithorax. After the installation of WSD, pneumoscrotum was obtained and conservative treatment was performed in the patient to treat the pneumoscrotum. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Melanosis of bladder: A rare entity
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): K. Sawaleim, M.Z. Mehdi, A.H. Ansari, A.M.S. RamadanAbstractMelanosis of the bladder, also known as melanosis vesicae, refers to presence of pigment in bladder mucosa. A rare phenomenon, however, it can be confused with the primary or metastatic melanoma of the bladder. Therefore, knowledge of the entity can prevent over diagnosis of this benign entity.We are reporting a case of melanosis of bladder in a 69 year old male with prolonged history of LUTS and bladder diverticulae. Cystoscopic examination showed black patches and biopsy reveale...
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Adrenal solitary fibrous tumor: A case report
We present a case of a fifty two-year old Arab man who has been admitted in urology department for right lumbar pain. A suspect malignant adrenal mass has been detected. He underwent right adrenalectomy and histologically it was SFT. The follow-up three years after surgery is unremarkable. The prognosis of SFT after surgery is unpredictable. A long term follow-up is mandatory to detect local recurrence or distant metastasis. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Paratesticular leiomyosarcoma: A clinical case report
We present you a Case of 62 year old man with Paratesticular leiomyosarcoma (LMS) localized to the right sctotal half. Detailed pathological and immunohistochemistry characteristic of the tumor was done. For staging was used the classification of French Federation of Cancer Centres Sarcoma Grading System. The final grading of the tumor is grade 3. Paratesticular LMS is rare identity and serves as a diagnostic and treatment challenge. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Successful treatment of complicated benign prostatic hyperplasia in a diabetic patient with water vapor thermal therapy and urethral stenting
In this study, we present a case of a diabetic patient with complicated benign prostatic hyperplasia who presented with acute urinary retention along with bilateral hydronephrosis and acute kidney injury. He was treated with water vapor thermal therapy and subsequent urethral stenting, which alleviated his acute presentation and clinical symptoms. To the authors’ knowledge, there are no reported cases which highlight the use of water vapor thermal therapy in complicated benign prostatic hyperplasia. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research