Xanthogranulomatous Prostatitis, a Rare Prostatic Entity
Publication date: January 2017 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 10 Author(s): Alejandro Noyola, José Fernando Gil, Heriberto Lujano, Omar Piñon, Gabriel Muñoz, José Manuel Michel, Jorge Garcia, Jorge Valdez, Omar Morales There are several benign prostatic pathologies that can clinically mimic a prostate adenocarcinoma. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis is a benign inflammatory condition of the prostate and a rare entity. A 47-year old male, with 3 years of lower urinary tract symptoms, with a palpable hypogastric tumor, digital rectal examination: solid prostate, of approximately 60 g. Initial...
Source: Urology Case Reports - October 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Retrograde Ejaculation: A Rare Presenting Symptom of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Publication date: January 2017 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 10 Author(s): Jonathan Kam, Venessa H. Tsang, Venu Chalasani A 19 year old presented with a progressive decline in ejaculate volume over 2 weeks, followed by a complete absence of ejaculate emission. A post-ejaculatory urine specimen demonstrated spermatozoa confirming a diagnosis of retrograde ejaculation. Investigations revealed a raised blood glucose level of 24.5 mmol/L and HbA1c >15%, with positive tests for anti-GAD antibodies and anti-IA2 antibodies consistent with a diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Retrograde ejaculation...
Source: Urology Case Reports - October 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Persistent Urinary Incontinence After Nephrectomy: A Case of Inverted-Y Ureteral Duplication with Ectopic Ureteral Insertion into the Vagina
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): Hiroshi Shimura, Takahiko Mitsui, Tadashi Aoki, Manabu Kamiyama, Takashi Yamagishi, Masayuki Takeda Inverted-Y ureteral duplication is one of the rarest anomalies of ureteral branching. We encountered a 20-year-old female patient with persistent incontinence even after nephrectomy for ectopic ureteral insertion into the vagina. She had inverted-Y ureteral duplication between the bladder and vagina, and urine was being transported from the bladder to the vagina. To the best of our knowledge, this is a rare case of inverted-Y ureteral duplicati...
Source: Urology Case Reports - October 10, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in an Incompletely Duplicated Collecting System in a Patient with a Horseshoe Kidney
We present a case of UPJO associated with an incompletely duplicated collecting system in a horseshoe kidney that was successfully treated by laparoscopic pyeloplasty with concomitant pyelolithotomy. A 53-year-old man had three urological anomalies and urolithiasis. We performed a pyeloplasty and pyelolithotomy using a fully intracorporeal technique. Clinical and radiographic evaluation confirmed complete resolution of the patient’s condition. To our knowledge, there have been no reported cases of UPJO in an incompletely duplicated collecting system with a horseshoe kidney in the same patient. We also provide convinc...
Source: Urology Case Reports - October 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Potential Impact on Clinical Decision Making via a Genome-Wide Expression Profiling: A Case Report
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): Hyun Kim, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Jean Hoffman-Censits, Costas D. Lallas, Elai Davicioni, Jianqing Lin, Ruth Birbe, Nicholas Erho, Jonathan Lehrer, Hussam Al-Deen Ashab, Mandeep Takhar, Anders Olson, Lucia L.C. Lam, W. Kevin Kelly, Karen E. Knudsen, Chellappagounder Thangavel, Roland Seiler, Felix Y. Feng, Edward M. Schaeffer, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Leonard G. Gomella, Mark D. Hurwitz, Adam P. Dicker, Robert B. Den Management of men with prostate cancer is fraught with uncertainty as physicians and patients balance efficacy with potential toxicity...
Source: Urology Case Reports - October 2, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pure Stage I Seminoma with an Elevated hCG of 25,265  mIU/ml: A Case Report
We report a histologically pure stage 1 seminoma with an elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). A 38 year-old man was referred for the evaluation of the left testicular swelling. He showed an elevated serum hCG level of 25,265 mIU/ml with normal a fetoprotein and lactate dehydrogenase. Imaging showed heterogeneous tumor without any metastatic lesions. We conducted 4 courses of chemotherapy before detecting hCG nadir. The final pathological report showed pure seminoma with syncytiotrophoblastic cells but no choriocarcinoma components. The patient remains disease free until present time. The case raised several questio...
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prostatic Leiomyoma: A Case Report
We describe an accidental finding of a tumor in the right prostate lobe of a 54 year old man, who was diagnosed with prostatic leiomyoma and treated with open radical prostatectomy. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 25, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Tumor Seeding With Renal Cell Carcinoma After Renal Biopsy
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): M.F.B. Andersen, T.P. Norus Tumor seeding following biopsy of renal cell carcinoma is extremely rare with an incidence of 1:10.000. In this paper two cases with multiple recurrent RRC metastasis in the biopsy tract following biopsy of renal tumor is presented and the current literature is shortly discussed. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 25, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Splenogonadal Fusion: A Rare Benign Testicular Mass in a 55-Year-Old Male
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): Andrew M. Harris Splenogonadal fusion (SGF) is a rare cause of testicular mass with the vast majority of cases presenting in men under the age of 30 and represents a diagnostic challenge. Discontinuous splenogonadal fusion presenting as a new testicular mass in a 55-year-old man is discussed to aid other surgeons in diagnosing this condition. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 25, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prostatic Adenocarcinoma With Hormone Exposure Related Changes in a Patient With Hepatic Cirrhosis – Value of Autopsy in a Case Report
We present a case of incidental, but pathologically significant, prostatic adenocarcinoma detected on autopsy in a 67-year-old male patient with cirrhosis and spider angiomata. The morphologic and immunohistochemical features (including variable ERG expression) of the prostatic adenocarcinoma were consistent with hormone exposure related changes, suggesting that cirrhosis-induced elevated estrogen-to-testosterone ratio and exogenous hormone therapy might induce similar phenotypes. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 24, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Leiomyosarcoma of the Inferior Vena Cava With Kidney Invasion
We present a case of a 30-year old female incidentally found to have a 14 cm right renal mass and IVC thrombus. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 24, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urothelial Carcinoma Recurrence at an Ileal Orthotopic Neobladder and Unilateral Lower Ureter After Surgery
We report the case of a 61-year-old man with a muscle-invasive bladder tumor that was treated using radical cystectomy and the creation of a Studer's orthotopic neobladder. However, nine years after the cystectomy, we detected a mass at the left ureteroileal anastomosis. We successfully performed Studer's neobladder resection, urethrectomy, and left nephroureterectomy to remove the entire mass. Pathological examination revealed urothelial carcinoma with adenocarcinoma in the neobladder and adenocarcinomatous metastasis in the mesenteric lymph node. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Angiomyomatous Leiomyoma of a Female Urethral Meatus Recurrence After Seven Years of the Resection: A Case Report
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): Tatsuhiko Hoshii, Go Hasegawa, Yohei Ikeda, Shigeko Takaki, Kenji Obara, Tsutomu Nishiyama A 20 years old woman had an external urethral orifice mass and received an excision operation. Seven years later, she complained a tumor with pain that was similar to the previous tumor. She underwent the tumor removal. Pathological diagnosis was a urethral angiomyomatous leiomyoma in the new concept of estrogen receptor-positive smooth muscle tumors. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Case of Retroperitoneal Metastases That Occur 14 Years After Surgery
We report the case of incidental finding of Low-Grade Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma (LGESS) that metastasized to the retroperitoneum 14 years after the original surgery in a 72-year-old woman. The patient underwent a laparotomy and excision of all tumour nodules. Considering the common recurrence of and slow growing nature of LGESS, appropriate treatment options like surgical excision and life-long follow up should be considered. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Extraperitoneal Rupture of a Bladder Diverticulum and the Role of Multidetector Computed Tomography Cystography
We report a case of extraperitoneal rupture of a bladder diverticulum in a patient with diabetes mellitus who presented with paralytic ileus. Despite conservative management, the patient developed sepsis requiring surgical treatment. Urinary tract infection and bladder outlet obstruction were considered to be potential mechanisms of the rupture. Multidetector computed tomography cystography should be used as the first-line modality when evaluating for a suspected bladder rupture, even in patients with nontraumatic bladder rupture. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Vaginal Approach to Excise a Rare Paraurethral Leiomyoma
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): Jagan K. Kansal, Mahmoud Mohamed, Ayman Mahdy Leiomyomas are benign tumors of smooth muscle origin occurring throughout the genitourinary system. While leiomyomas in the uterus are frequently seen, urethral and paraurethral leiomyomas are extremely rare with a hand full of cases in the literature. Typically, periurethral leiomyomas can present with a mass protruding from the urethra originating from the proximal and posterior portion of the urethra. Herein, we present a new case of a paraurethral leiomyoma causing mass effect o...
Source: Urology Case Reports - September 7, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Methylene Blue Causing Serotonin Syndrome Following Cystocele Repair
We report the first urological case in order to raise awareness of the risk for serotonin toxicity with utilizing methylene blue. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 31, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

“Isolated Spontaneous Renal Artery Thrombosis – A Rare Cause of Acute Flank Pain”
We present a case of flank pain presenting to emergency for evaluation and discuss the clinical aspects and management. We would like to stress on the important role of serum LDH levels and CT scan in RAT. Early diagnosis may result in salvage of organ by minimally invasive techniques. Late diagnosis will almost always result in nephrectomy. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 28, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Biology is Destiny: A Case of Adrenocortical Carcinoma Diagnosed and Resected at Inception in a Patient Under Close Surveillance for Lung Cancer
We report a case of ACC diagnosed and treated at its apparent inception in a patient undergoing close surveillance imaging of a prior malignancy. Despite timely detection and resection of a localized ACC this patient rapidly progressed to systemic disease. This case highlights the rapid growth kinetics of ACC and puts into perspective the challenges associated with the established treatment paradigm for patients diagnosed with an adrenal mass. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 28, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Rare Dysuria: Prostatic Abscess due to Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis
We present a case of disseminated coccidioidomycosis with formation of a prostatic abscess in a 28-year-old diabetic male. Though rare, Coccidiodes prostatitis should be included in the differential for patients who have spent time in endemic areas and present with prostatitis or other genitourinary tract symptoms, especially in the setting of immunocompromise. The small number of Coccidiodes prostatitis cases described in the literature previously are reviewed, along with a wider discussion of coccidioidomycosis. Treatment modalities for this challenging fungal disease are also discussed. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 28, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Heterophile Antibody Interference led to Unneeded Chemotherapy in a Testicular Cancer Patient
This article also stresses the problem of using serum tumor markers without no major imaging abnormalities to diagnose a patients' relapse. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 26, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Spontaneous Ureteral Urine Extravasation From Invasion of a High-grade Angiosarcoma
Publication date: November 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 9 Author(s): Matthew Truong, Wenqing Cao, Erdal Erturk A 69 year-old male with a past medical history of hypertension, diabetes, and atrial fibrillation presented to the Urology clinic with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. His work up for hematuria included a negative cystoscopy and a computed tomography (CT) scan, which revealed what appeared to be a fluid collection around the left kidney with a perinephric infiltrative mass and two para-aortic enlarged lymph nodes. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 26, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urinary Incontinence and Urosepsis due to Forgotten Ureteral Stent
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Diego Martin Barreiro, Johanna Belén Losada, Francisco Castro Montiel, Norberto Lafos Case report of a patient who, while being under study due to total urinary incontinence and multiple urinary tract infections, interoccurs with urosepsis due to a forgotten and encrusted double-J stent. An open surgery is performed with two surgical approaches, suprapubic and minimal lumbotomy, in which a nephrectomy of the atrophic kidney, a resection of the urether with a calcified double-J in its interior and a cystolithotomy were c...
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Secondary or Transient Pseudohypoaldosteronism Associated With Urinary Tract Anomaly and Urinary Infection: A Case Report
We describe ten month-old infant who presented with this condition and was found to have urinary tract infection complicating unilateral urinary tract anomaly, which may have strong association with renal tubular resistance to aldosterone. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 7, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Bladder Pneumatosis From a Catastrophic Vascular Event
We present a case of a female patient found to have concurrent bladder and ileal pneumatosis secondary to a catastrophic vascular event. Prompt recognition of non-infectious etiologies of bladder pneumatosis is essential as this distinction may dramatically alter clinical decision-making. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Renal Cell Carcinoma With Leiomyomatous Stroma and Concomitant Ruptured Adrenal Aneurysm
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Chuanyong Lu, Anthony Nicastri, Charles Shao Here we report a rare case of coexisting renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with leiomyomatous stroma and a ruptured adrenal aneurysm. The patient was a 75-year-old woman with acute abdominal pain. Imaging studies showed a left peri-renal hematoma and a mass in the left kidney. Left nephrectomy and adrenalectomy were performed. Pathological examination showed a ruptured aneurysm in the left adrenal gland. The renal mass was composed of tubules and acini of epithelial cells and a prominent leiomyomatous st...
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 4, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Partial Cystectomy With Excision of Mesh Migration Into the Bladder Following Repair of Inguinal Hernia
We present the case of an 85-year-old man who complained of hematuria and fever some 20 years after right hernioplasty. Cystoscopy and computed tomography revealed mesh migration into the right anterior wall of the bladder. Laparoscopic partial cystectomy with excision of the migrated mesh was performed successfully. To our knowledge, this is the first case of mesh migration into the bladder treated by laparoscopic partial cystectomy. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - August 4, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Gross Findings of Widespread Visceral Metastasis of Prostatic Adenocarcinoma With Neuroendocrine Features: A Case Report
We present a case of a now deceased 63 year old male with extensive epicardial, respiratory, hepato-bilary, adrenal, genitourinary, and osseous tissue metastasis. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Mammary-type Myofibroblastoma of the Prostate: A Case Report
We report the case of a 51-year-old gentleman presenting with obstructive and irritative urinary symptoms, found to have a large prostate mass on imaging. A radical prostatectomy was performed and pathological diagnosis revealed a 12 cm mammary-type myofibroblastoma replacing the entire prostate. Mammary-type myofibroblastoma is a rare lesion outside of the breast, and is considered benign. This is the first reported case of a mammary-type myofibroblastoma occurring in the prostate. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Benign or Malignant? Two Case Reports of Gigantic Prostatic Cyst
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Jiang Yu, Xizhi Wang, Feiye Luo, Bo Wang, Yi Wang A 60-year-old male with a huge prostate cyst presented with obstruction symptom of urethra and intestinal tract. Complete excision of the cystic prostate failed as a result of the strong adherence and twice operations history, but we confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma and relieved his obstruction symptom. Case 2 was a 77-year-old male with an 8 cm cyst of which biopsy showed prostate cancer in local hospital. He was admitted 18 months later because of intestinal obstruction. Ra...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Endoscopic Management of Free Lying Migratory Orthopedic Screw in Bladder
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Puvai Murugan P., Ramalingam M. 75-year old gentleman presented with acute urinary retention. He had met with road traffic accident 15 years back and sustained pelvic fracture and bladder rupture, underwent bladder repair and open reduction and internal fixation of pubic symphsis. Imaging studies showed the free lying encrusted orthopedic screw in the bladder, which was removed per urethra using nephroscope. Migratory foreign bodies in the urinary bladder are rare. However there is a possibility of longstanding foreign bodies in adjacent ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Seminal Vesicle Leiomyoma Mimicking Extra-prostatic Extension of  Prostatic Adenocarcinoma
We report a case of seminal vesicle leiomyoma in a 55-year-old African American male who underwent robot assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) for Gleason 8 (4 + 4) adenocarcinoma. An incidental nodule arising from the left seminal vesicle was discovered during surgery, complicating the surgical dissection and suggesting extra-prostatic extension. The histologic findings in this case raised the possibility that this seminal vesicle leiomyoma may have arisen from a remnant of the mid-portion of the Müllerian duct; however, a thorough immunohistochemical (IHC) workup disproved this theory. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Internal Hernia Underneath an Elongated External Iliac Artery: A  Complication After Extended Pelvic Lymphadenectomy and Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy
This report describes the first case of bowel incarceration behind the external iliac artery after transperitoneal robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy with extended lymph node dissection in a patient with prostate cancer 1 year after surgery. After diagnosis on CT scan, an open resection of the ischemic bowel was performed. Because of thrombosis, the external iliac artery was opened, the clot was removed and the elongated artery was resected with end-to-end anastomosis. In case of a meandering iliac artery, a retroperitonealization after pelvic lymphadenectomy might be discussed. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Operative Management of Crossover Femoral-femoral Graft Erosion into Bladder: A Case Report
We report a case of a crossover femoral-femoral graft that eroded into the anterior bladder wall and was incidentally found as an adherent bladder stone during cystoscopy. We demonstrate the importance of having a high level of clinical suspicion for eroding vascular grafts when preoperative imaging shows close proximity of graft to bladder. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 20, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urinary Bladder Xanthoma – Is Immunohistochemistry Necessary?
The objective of this report is to provide a cystoscopic view of the tumor which will enable easier identification and also to debate on the role of IHC in diagnosis. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 15, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome and Necrotizing Pancreatitis Following Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): S. Gupta, J. Scambia, C. Gandillon, F. Aversano, R. Batista Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common procedure in the treatment of renal calculi. There have been major complications reported with ESWL such as acute pancreatitis, bower perforation, venous thrombosis, and biliary obstruction. There are few reports in the literature of necrotizing pancreatitis secondary to ESWL. We have a case report of a 29-year-old female that developed an abdominal compartment syndrome with an acute necrotizing pancreatitis hours after ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 15, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Voluminous Incidental Oncocytic Neoplasm of the Adrenal Gland With Uncertain Malignant Potential
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Marouene Chakroun, Waild Kerkeni, Yosra Zidi, Haroun Ayed, Abderrazak Bouzouita, Mohamed Riadh Ben Slama, Sihem Rammeh, Amine Derouiche, Mohamed Chebil A 74-year-old man presented with right flank pain and a palpable mass in the left flank. Blood pressure was normal. Contrastenhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a 17 × 16 × 12 cm retroperitoneal mass over the left kidney, solid and heterogeneous. There were also 3 retro aortic lymph nodes and bilateral renal lithiasis. Twenty four-hour urinar...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Kidney Denervation for Refractory Loin Pain: Can We Predict Outcomes?
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Victor Srougi, Ricardo J. Duarte, Miguel Srougi, Luis Yu A 19-year-old female patient presented refractory disabling loin pain associated with mild kidney atrophy (split renal function of 33%). Investigation revealed elevated serum renin level; a therapeutic test with oral renin inhibitor was tried, obtaining important pain control. Aiming to resolve the symptom while preserving the patient kidney and attributing the pain mechanism to be associated with the abnormal renin production, a laparoscopic kidney denervation was performed with ...
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Non-Parasitic Chyluria: Our Experience With Sclerotherapy With Solution of Povidone-Iodine and Destrose and A Review of the Literature
We report our experience with the use of povidone iodine with dextrose solution as a sclerosing agent in the management of chyluria in two patients. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - July 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Late Presentation of Spontaneous Bladder Rupture During Labor
We report a nulliparous woman with abdominal pain and distension about 20 days after normal vaginal delivery. There was intraperitoneal rupture of bladder in dome of bladder which was sealed by jejunum. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Outcome of Kidney Allografts in Recipients With a Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula: Report of Two Cases
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Denise M.D. Özdemir-van Brunschot, Ruud G.L. de Sévaux, Henk W. van Hamersvelt, Michiel C. Warlé Two patients, who were on hemodialysis over a femoral arteriovenous fistula, were transplanted in our center. Despite adequate blood pressure, perfusion of the renal allograft remained poor after completion of the vascular anastomoses. Ligation of the femoral arteriovenous fistula (1.6 L/min) led to adequate perfusion. Initial graft function was good. Although it remains unclear whether ischemia of a renal allograft is cau...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 9, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Extensive Presentation of Penile Carcinoma Cuniculatum a Variant of Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Low Malignant Potential
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Mohabe A. Vinson, Onyinyechukwu Okorji, Raul Gagucas Carcinoma cuniculatum is an uncommon variation of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been documented in a few cases at various locations of the body such as penis, foot, jaw, oropharynx and esophagus. In this case, a 79-year-old male presents with a penile mass, which he underwent a total penectomy. Histology of the mass was defined as carcinoma cuniculatum with negative margins and no lymphovascular invasion. This variant of SCC rarely metastasizes. A joint decision was made to observe...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 8, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Recognition and Management of Ectopic Ureterocele During Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy
We present a case illustrating an unforeseen encounter of an ectopic ureter with an associated ureterocele during a robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) and the surgical technique used to adapt to the anatomical variation. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 7, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Acute Abdominal Compartment Syndrome as a Complication of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Two Cases Reports and Literature Review
We present two cases and review the literature. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 7, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Internal Hernia Underneath an Elongated External Iliac Artery: A Complication After Extended Pelvic Lymphadenectomy and Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy
This report describes the first case of bowel incarceration behind the external iliac artery after transperitoneal robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy with extended lymph node dissection in a patient with prostate cancer 1 year after surgery. After diagnosis on CT scan, an open resection of the ischemic bowel was performed. Because of thrombosis, the external iliac artery was opened, the clot was removed and the elongated artery was resected with end-to-end anastomosis. In case of a meandering iliac artery, a retroperitonealization after pelvic lymphadenectomy might be discussed. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Secondary to Mass Lesion of the Brain: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
We present a 28-year old man with urinary urgency, frequency and incontinence which were revealed to be secondary to a large thrombosed intracranial aneurysm. Any unusual clinical presentations of LUTS such as new onset neurologic symptoms need to be explored to rule out potentially treatable causes. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Role of FSH in Prostate Cancer: A Case Report
Publication date: July 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 7 Author(s): Salvatore Catarinicchia, E. David Crawford Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) is a difficult entity to treat in the spectrum of prostate cancer disease. Recently, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) has been shown to play an important part in the natural history of prostate cancer disease progression (Crawford et al., 2014). Here, we discuss a now deceased 94 year-old patient who illustrates the importance of this. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 4, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Giant Congenital Hydronephrosis Obstructing the Gastro Intestinal System and the Contralateral Kidney in a New Born
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Ismail Masarwa, Zaher Bahouth, Sarel Halachmi A 5 day old baby, with known left hydronephrosis which discovered by prenatal US presented with gastrointestinal tract obstruction. Laboratory work up demonstrated abnormal renal function and metabolic acidosis combined with hyperkalemia. Radiology tests showed bilateral hydronephrosis with huge left renal pelvis crossing the midline and causing deviation of the gut laterally. This acute presentation beside inability to receive oral feeding made us prefer immediate left renal drainage with py...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 2, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Kidney Associated With Large Calculus in Non-functioning Kidney: A Case Report
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 8 Author(s): Sanjay Kumar, Vinay Tomar, Sher S. Yadav, Hema Udawat, Shivam Priyadarshi, Nachiket Vyas, Neeraj Agarwal Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of renal pelvis is a rare neoplasm. A 75-year old male presented with history of chronic dull aching pain in left flank region for last 10-years with history of left pyelolithotomy about 30-years back. After proper workup, large calculus with heterogeneous density mass detected in nonfunctioning left kidney. After radical nephrectomy, histopathological examination revealed squamous cell carcin...
Source: Urology Case Reports - June 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

An Asymptomatic Primary Renal Carcinoid Tumor: A Case Report
Publication date: July 2016 Source:Urology Case Reports, Volume 7 Author(s): Colin S. Linke, Scott Shie Primary renal carcinoid tumors are exceedingly rare, with less than 100 total cases being documented in world literature. A 32-year old male was referred to our service for a slow-growing, renal mass, which was first diagnosed 9-years prior. The patient was successfully treated with radical nephrectomy. In this article, we present our case report on an asymptomatic primary renal carcinoid tumor. (Source: Urology Case Reports)
Source: Urology Case Reports - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research