Retraction: Impact of genital hygiene and sexual activity on urinary tract infection during pregnancy
Urology Annals 2019 11(3):338-338 (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Segmental testicular infarction: Case series and brief literature review of a great mime
We report a case series of four young patients, one of them with metachronous bilateral disease, presenting with an acute scrotum and treated with a testis-sparing approach, if feasible, after a negative intraoperative biopsy. Etiology, differential diagnosis, and management are reviewed. To be aware of clinical and imaging features of this benign testicular pathology, it is crucial to avoid unnecessary orchiectomies to preserve vital testicular tissue left. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Franco Palmisano Mariapia Serrago Andrea Gallioli Vito Lorusso Franco Gadda Matteo Giulio Spinelli Emanuele Montanari Source Type: research

Metastatic urothelial carcinoma presenting as acute cholecystitis
We report a case of an 84-year-old male who presented with acute cholecystitis secondary to metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC). An 84-year-old man presented with right upper quadrant pain and a positive Murphy's sign on the background of known metastatic UC. He was diagnosed with acute cholecystitis and underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. His postoperative period was complicated by a cardiac event, and he died 2 days later. Histology of the gallbladder revealed extensive infiltration by nested malignant epithelioid proliferation, consistent with UC. This case demonstrates that although uncommon, UC may metastasiz...
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Xing Yao Ling Jasmina Kevric Alexandra DuGuesclin Julie Teague Marlon Perera Elizabeth Penington Source Type: research

A case of cavernosal abscess after neglected penile fracture and bacteremia
Lazaros Lazarou, Marinos Berdempes, Titos Markopoulos, Nikolaos Kostakopoulos, Konstantinos Spyropoulos, Iraklis C MitsogiannisUrology Annals 2019 11(3):328-330Penile abscess is a urological entity rarely described in the literature. It has been associated with injection therapy for erectile dysfunction, penile instrumentation, trauma and priapism. Identified risk factors include immunosuppresion and pre-existing local or distant infection. Common causal microorganisms include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococci and Bacteroides. We herein report on a case of penile abscess in a 37-year-old patient occurring after sexual tr...
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lazaros Lazarou Marinos Berdempes Titos Markopoulos Nikolaos Kostakopoulos Konstantinos Spyropoulos Iraklis C Mitsogiannis Source Type: research

Placenta percreta with bladder invasion: The armamentarium available in its management
Neeraja Tillu, Abhishek Savalia, Sujata Patwardhan, Bhushan PatilUrology Annals 2019 11(3):324-327Placenta percreta is a rare life-threatening condition associated with high morbidity and mortality due to severe obstetric hemorrhage. It can be associated with bladder invasion which leads to hematuria. Treatment is decided on a case-to-case basis, and there have been no guidelines proposed so far. Strategies include obstetric hysterectomy, leaving the placenta in situ with postoperative methotrexate therapy and removal of the placenta with bladder reconstruction in a single stage. An unusual case of a patient with placenta ...
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Neeraja Tillu Abhishek Savalia Sujata Patwardhan Bhushan Patil Source Type: research

Self-insertion of an odd urethral foreign body that led to fournier & #39;s gangrene
We present a 54-year-old male who inserted a household pipe to relieve his urine retention. Unfortunately, the FB became stuck inside, perforated the urethra, and required perineal exploration. After it was removed, the urethra was closed over a 16F urethral catheter. The wound was complicated by severe infection and resulting Fournier's gangrene. This required an additional surgery for debridement and urine diversion. Retrospectively, it would have been better if the urethra had been left open with SP tube only. We are sharing a clinical lesson learned by the practicing urologist and surgeons. Conclusively, self-inser...
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohamed Mohamed Elawdy Samer El-Halwagy Emad E Mousa Joseph Maliakal Source Type: research

Gangrenous cystitis: An extremely rare infectious condition managed by neobladder & #8211; A case report with review of literature
We present a case of GC postpartum managed by Studer neobladder reconstruction restoring the normal voiding pattern and quality of life. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ramanitharan Manikandan Ketan Mehra Lalgudi Narayanan Dorairajan Sri Harsha Bokka Source Type: research

Median raphe cyst of the penis: A startling diagnosis for the unaccustomed clinician
Sheena Alphones, Manjiri Phansalkar, Peter ManoharanUrology Annals 2019 11(3):314-316 Penile median raphe cysts are uncommon lesions occurring predominantly in the ventral aspect of the glans penis of young men. In most patients, the cysts, which are asymptomatic or unrecognized during childhood, may progress later and become symptomatic during adolescence or adulthood. A differential diagnosis must be made from other penile skin lesions such as glomus tumors, dermoid cysts, pilonidal cysts, epidermal inclusion cysts, urethral diverticula, and steatocystomas that originate in the genital region. The usual treatment is com...
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sheena Alphones Manjiri Phansalkar Peter Manoharan Source Type: research

Treatment of fragmented and severely encrusted ureteral double-J stent forgotten for 11 years through multimodal endourological methods
Abdülkadir Kandemir, Mehmet Giray SönmezUrology Annals 2019 11(3):310-313 Ureteral catheters are frequently used in urology clinics for intrinsic or extrinsic pathologies which cause ureteral obstruction to provide urinary drainage from the kidney to the bladder. With the increase in stent use, an increase is observed in complications occurring due to ureteral stents in direct proportion with this increase, and ureteral double-J (DJ) stents forgotten in the urinary system are observed commonly in urological cases when the patients do not refer to a health institution in this condition and may cause severe proble...
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abd ü lkadir Kandemir Mehmet Giray S ö nmez Source Type: research

Utilizing da vinci & #174; surgical system to treat challenging urinary stones
Conclusion: RSS is viable options in the treatment of challenging urologic stone with high success rate and low risk of complication. The need for open stone surgery was eliminated by RSS at our center. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Basmah Al Tinawi Morris Jessop Mohamad W Salkini Source Type: research

Autologous buccal mucosa harvest under local anesthesia: Feasibility, safety, and acceptance for substitution urethroplasty
Conclusion: Buccal mucosa harvest under local anesthesia infiltration is feasible, safe, and acceptable among our patients who had urethroplasty for urethral stricture disease. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abdulwahab Akanbi Ajape Sulyman Alege Kuranga Mohammed Mustapha Kura Hamid Babajide Olanipekun Source Type: research

Predictive value of the immediate effect of first dose of tamsulosin on lower urinary tract symptoms improvement in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients
Conclusion: The first dose of tamsulosin improves UFM and predicts the mid-term change in UFM as well as IPSS and QoL indices in the treatment of BPH-related LUTS. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ayman Salah Moussa Rabie M Ibrahim Mahmoud Shoukry ElAdawy Ahmed M Ragheb Ahmad A El-Dessoukey Ahmed M Abdelbary Ahmed Hassan Mohammed Amr Massoud Source Type: research

Microdissection testicular sperm extraction: Overall results and impact of preoperative testosterone level on sperm retrieval rate in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia
Conclusion: Micro-TESE is a successful and safe procedure in NOA patients with a poor prognosis. Preoperative testosterone level has a significant impact in the SRR by micro-TESE. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shahbaz Mehmood Shima Aldaweesh Noor Nabi Junejo Waleed Mohamed Altaweel Said Abdulghani Kattan Naif Alhathal Source Type: research

Preoperative ureteral stenting prior to ureteroscopy for management of urolithiasis does not impact the postoperative return for unplanned care
Conclusions: In this study, preoperative stenting offered few operative advantages and did not meaningfully influence returns to the ED and readmissions within 90 days after ureteroscopy. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew F Navetta Amr Elmekresh Karen Doersch Trey D Durdin G Luke Machen Adam Cohen Patrick S Lowry Marawan M El Tayeb Source Type: research

Ureteral stricture after ureteroscopy for stones: A prospective study for the incidence and risk factors
Conclusions: In our experience, the incidence of post-URS ureteral stricture is low. The impacted stone is the most common cause of URS complications and hence stricture formation. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amr E Darwish Mohamed M Gadelmoula Islam F Abdelkawi Atef M Abdellatif Ahmed M Abdel-Moneim Hisham M Hammouda Source Type: research

Changing profiles of patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate over a decade: A single-center experience
Conclusions: Medical therapy for BPH patients has resulted in delayed surgical interventions. The complication rates have not increased. Thus, the increased use of medical therapy in BPH patients is justified though TURP may still be considered the gold standard. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Manav Agrawal Manoj Kumar Siddharth Pandey Ajay Aggarwal Satyanarayan Sankhwar Source Type: research

The effect of closure versus nonclosure of lingual mucosa graft harvest site on postoperative morbidity in augmentation urethroplasty: A comparative study
Conclusion: Long-term morbidities of closing or nonclosing the LMG donor site are similar, but in short term, there is less pain, less edema, early recovery of tongue movements in nonclosure groups. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anil Gulani Sher Singh Yadav Vinay Tomar Shivam Priyadarshi Vivek Kumar Singh Source Type: research

Chronic scrotal pain: A variable symptom of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome
Conclusions: Chronic idiopathic scrotal pain may be one of the variable presenting symptoms of IC/BPS. This scrotal pain may actually be referred pain from the bladder. Standard therapies for IC/BPS may be a treatment option for chronic idiopathic scrotal pain. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Philip Christian Bosch C Lowell Parsons Source Type: research

Outcome of early experience of miniperc technique in pediatric age group
Conclusion: Our initial experience concluded that Miniperc technique is a safe and effective treatment option for renal stones in pediatric population. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ehab Mohamad Galal Amr Abdelhamid Tarek Fath El-Bab Ahmed Ali Ahmad Anwar Ahmed Abdelbary Akrm A Elmarakbi Mohamed H Abdelhamid Ehab Tawfiek Source Type: research

Peyronie & #39;s disease is common in poorly controlled diabetics but is not associated with the Metabolic Syndrome
Conclusions: While MS was not associated with PD, diabetes, particularly poorly controlled diabetes, was associated with an increased rate. Further research into the interaction of PD and metabolic disease is warranted. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohamad Habous Ibraheem Malkawi Esther Han Mohammed Farag Gordon Muir Osama Abdelwahab Mohammed Nassar Saad Mahmoud Richard Santucci Saleh Binsaleh Source Type: research

The medium- to long-term functional outcomes of women who have had successful anatomical closure of vesicovaginal fistulae
Conclusions: Successful repair of VVF results in medium- to long-term significant improvement in urinary symptoms and distress, general well-being, and quality of life with no long-term adverse effects on bowel function regardless of route of repair. Sexual function is restored in 67.6%. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mandeep Grewal Mahreen Hussain Pakzad Rizwan Hamid Jeremy Louis Ockrim Tamsin Jillian Greenwell Source Type: research

Blunt renal trauma in pediatric population
Conclusions: Conservative management of kidney injuries was highly successful in children with low-grade renal trauma. Furthermore, operative intervention in high-grade renal injuries proved to be successful and had good renal outcomes. Renal preservation was achieved in 92.8% of cases. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Basim Saleh Alsaywid Muneera Yousef Alkhashan Mahmoud Hussein Alrimawi Nuha Mansour Abu-Alsaud Hussein Mahmoud Al-Rimawi Source Type: research

The impact of surgical hemorrhoidectomy on male sexual function: A preliminary study
Conclusion: We concluded that surgical hemorrhoidectomy is clearly related to improvement of EF in male hemorrhoid patients with ED. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - July 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alsayed Saad Abdelaziz Ayman Mohammed Ghoneem Emad Ades Elewesy Source Type: research

An urgent call for further study on endovascular management for renal trauma
Wesam T AbuznadahUrology Annals 2019 11(2):232-233 (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wesam T Abuznadah Source Type: research

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy of a staghorn calculus in a patient with renal angiomyolipoma
Akbar Jalal, Abdolsalam Ahmadi, Mohamed Mubarak, Ameer Al Arrayedh, Sharif Al ArrayedhUrology Annals 2019 11(2):229-231 Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is the most common benign renal tumor and is prevalent in around 0.2%–0.6% of the population. Its main associated risk is bleeding. It is uncommon that AML presents simultaneously with a staghorn calculus requiring percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for stone resolution with only two previously reported cases. In this case, we present a 41-year-old female patient who presented with a 2-year complaint of left flank pain and hematuria. Following investigation, the ...
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Akbar Jalal Abdolsalam Ahmadi Mohamed Mubarak Ameer Al Arrayedh Sharif Al Arrayedh Source Type: research

Sebaceous carcinoma of the penis: As aggressive as it is rare
We present a 74-year-old male with sebaceous cell carcinoma of the penis. He underwent excision of the primary lesion with bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ranil Johann Boaz Chandan Phukan S Mandeep Antony Devasia Source Type: research

Malignant refractory priapism: An urologist & #39;s nightmare
We present two cases of malignant priapism with different etiologies and the respective management strategies. A 75-year-old patient had undergone radical cystectomy for a high-grade bladder tumor 5 months ago and came with priapism. The patient persisted to have partial penile tumescence with low-grade pain even after intervention. Another 66-year-old patient came to emergency with persistent painful priapism who had been diagnosed to have Multiple Myeloma. He required a corporotomy and open drainage as a last resort which finally relieved him of pain but with loss of erection. The treatment needs to be individualized bas...
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Vinod Kumar Prabhuswamy Pramod Krishnappa Krishnaprasad Tyagaraj Source Type: research

Nine-year survival after iterative metastasectomies for renal cell carcinoma
We report the case of a 24-year-old male, diagnosed with an incidental T3a papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC), treated with left laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. After 7 months, nodal recurrence was identified and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) was performed. Four months later, due to local recurrence, the patient underwent salvage RPLND, partial psoas resection and left adrenalectomy, and remained without recurrence during the following 15 months, after which treatment with sunitinib was started due to multiple metastases in pelvic lymph nodes, lungs, and bone. After 4 years of stable disease, progressio...
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tiago Ribeiro de Oliveira Adama Ouattara Wouter Everaerts Gert De Meerleer Steven Joniau Source Type: research

Plication without degloving & #8211; Safe and effective approach for correcting lateral and dorsal penile curvature: Case series
Hüseyin Cihan Demirel, Cumhur Yeşildal, Musab Ilgi, Ahmet Tevfik Albayrak, Emre Aykanlı, Sinan Levent KireççiUrology Annals 2019 11(2):217-218 Penile curvature deformities are often manageable with surgical reconstruction methods. We aimed to show the safety and efficacy of ventral and dorsal plication techniques without degloving in our two patients who have penile curvature. Two young adults, aged 20 and 23 years, presented to our clinic with lateral and dorsal penile curvatures. This problem has been sustaining since their teenage. Following the required preparations, two surgical techniques we...
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: H ü seyin Cihan Demirel Cumhur Ye & #351;ildal Musab Ilgi Ahmet Tevfik Albayrak Emre Aykanl & #305; Sinan Levent Kire & #231; & #231;i Source Type: research

Extra-large renal calculi removal using single puncture percutaneous nephrolithotomy
Parag M Gavande, Harsha P GavandeUrology Annals 2019 11(2):214-216 With the ever-increasing use of ultrasonography and X rays, renal calculi are being detected while still small thus large renal calculi are becoming less common. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a gold standard for the treatment of renal calculi >2 cm in size and being widely used worldwide. Here, we present a case of an extra-large kidney stone (10 cm × 7.5 cm and 2.7 cm × 2.3 cm) in a 45-year-old male patient which was removed through a single puncture PCNL. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Parag M Gavande Harsha P Gavande Source Type: research

Splenorenal fusion mimicking renal cancer: One case report and literature review
Ahmed S Zugail, Youness Ahallal, Eva-Maria Comperat, Bertrand GuillonneauUrology Annals 2019 11(2):211-213 Splenorenal fusion is an extremely rare benign entity. This abnormality is presented in a case of a 29-year-old-male patient. We discuss the distinction between this condition and renal splenosis and their embryology. The course of this condition and modalities of investigation including radiological imaging, management, and pitfalls are reviewed. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ahmed S Zugail Youness Ahallal Eva-Maria Comperat Bertrand Guillonneau Source Type: research

Outcome of orthotopic sigmoid versus ileal neobladder reconstruction
Conclusions: Both types of neobladder reconstruction resulted in comparatively satisfactory outcomes; however, the voiding function in sigmoid neobladder group appeared to be more favorable than that in ileal neobladder group. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hisham Abdulazim El-Helaly Mohamed Kamal Saifelnasr Khaled Mohyeelden Mohamed Alsayed Saad Abdelaziz Hamada Ahmed Youssof Source Type: research

Evaluation of outcome of transurethral needle ablation for treating symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia: A 10-year experience
Conclusion: TUNA can be considered as a relatively effective technique with a good safety profile. The current study demonstrated both significant subjective and objective improvements over 10 and 8 years of follow-up, respectively. It can be considered as a preferable option for patients who prefer surgical option with preservation of their sexual function and fertility. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hossam Haroun Hassan Eltatawy MG Soliman Ahmed Tawfik MM Ragab Ahmed Ramadan Magdy Sabaa Source Type: research

The autologous rectus fascia sheath sacrocolpopexy and sacrohysteropexy, a mesh free alternative in patients with recurrent uterine and vault prolapse: A contemporary series and literature review
Conclusions: This is the first report of patients with complex pelvic floor dysfunction and apical POP being managed with autologous RFS sacrocolpopexy/sacrohysteropexy, and only the second report of a free graft being utilized with success. Autologous RFS sacrocolpopexy/sacrohysteropexy avoids the 10%–15% risks of mesh-related complications. Further studies of long-term durability are needed. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jai Seth Bogdan Toia Hazel Ecclestone Mahreen Pakzad Rizwan Hamid Tamsin Greenwell Jeremy Ockrim Source Type: research

RENAL nephrometry score: Predicting perioperative outcomes following open partial nephrectomy
Conclusion: In the present study, RNS was correlated with predicting surgical access route, need for clamping during partial nephrectomy, blood loss, decrease in glomerular filtration rate of operated kidneys, postoperative complications, and tumor grade. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Supriya Basu Imran Ahmad Khan Ranjit K Das Ranjan K Dey Dawood Khan Vishnu Agarwal Source Type: research

Predictors for severe hemorrhage requiring angioembolization post percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A single-center experience over 3 years
Conclusions: History of ipsilateral renal surgery, increased stone complexity, multiple access tracts, and injury to the pelvicalyceal system are risk factors predicting severe renal hemorrhage post-PCNL. Early angiography followed by angioembolization should be performed in patients with severe post-PCNL bleeding who fail to respond to conservative measures. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amandeep Manjeet Arora Prakash W Pawar Ashwin S Tamhankar Ajit S Sawant Shankar T Mundhe Sunil R Patil Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of transurethral vaporization of the prostate using plasma kinetic energy: Long-term outcome
Conclusion: The present study has demonstrated satisfactory good efficacy and safety of PKVP on the long term. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mahmoud Talat Abdrabuh Mostafa Abdrabuh Mohammed Elhelali Ibrahim Elsotohi Sayed Eleweedy Source Type: research

Single-step dilatation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy, its safety and efficacy: A prospective, single-center study
Conclusion: Single-step dilatation technique is safe, economical and feasible technique with added advantage of lesser time of dilatation, lesser radiation exposure and lesser chance of blood transfusion. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: TD Girisha Preetham Dev R Vijaykumar Sachin Dharwadkar KM Madappa Source Type: research

Practice patterns in ordering a voiding cystourethrogram for pediatric patients among different specialties in a Middle Eastern Tertiary care center
Conclusion: VCUG is utilized differently by different specialties. In some centers, adult specialties may order a pediatric VCUG. General pediatricians order VCUG the most with a tendency for misuse in up to 50%. Pediatric urology is not the most ordering specialty of VCUG; however, it utilizes it most appropriately. The noted practice patterns may be improved with awareness of the indications and limitations of the study and with proper referral. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohammad Hout Bilal Aoun Lamya Ann Atweh Ali Merhe Yaser El-Hout Source Type: research

Effects of fluid absorption following percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Changes in blood cell indices and electrolytes
Conclusion: This study reveals that there is a significant fall in hemoglobin and Na+ during PCNL in the immediate postoperative period. Only, total volume of irrigating fluid and total duration of surgery had a significant correlation with blood cell indices. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Dipti Saxena Divyangna Sapra Atul Dixit Saurabh Chipde Santosh Agarwal Source Type: research

Evaluation of response in patients of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer undergoing systemic radiotherapy with lutetium177-prostate-specific membrane antigen: A comparison between response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, positron-emission tomography response criteria in solid tumors, European organization for research and treatment of cancer, and MDA criteria assessed by gallium 68-prostate-specific membrane antigen positron-emission tomography-computed tomography
Conclusion: We concluded that molecular criteria performed better than morphological criteria in response assessment by Ga68-PSMA PET-CT in metastatic castration resistant PCa patients undergoing PRLT. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Manoj Gupta Partha Sarathi Choudhury Sudhir Rawal Harish Chandra Goel Shriram Avinash Rao Source Type: research

Investigation of the reasons for withdrawal from long-term treatment with mirabegron of treatment-na & #239;ve Japanese female patients with overactive bladder in the real-world clinical setting
Conclusions: The persistence rate of treatment with mirabegron among treatment-naïve Japanese female patients with OAB is low for 3 years in the real-world clinical setting. Many patients discontinue the treatment for various reasons, the most frequent of which is symptom resolution. These findings provide important considerations for clinicians whose patients are continuing medication for OAB. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yoshinori Tanaka Yasushi Tanuma Naoya Masumori Hirofumi Ohnishi Source Type: research

Effectiveness of bladder tumor antigen quantitative test in the diagnosis of bladder carcinoma in a schistosoma endemic area
Conclusion: BTA TRAK is more sensitive but poorly specific as compared to that of the urine cytology for bladder cell carcinoma detection in a schistosoma endemic area. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad Ismaila Arzika Mungadi Nnaemeka Ndodo Darlington Garba Diffa Kalayi Source Type: research

Pain and anxiety assessment during cystourethroscopy in males using voiding instruction: A prospective, randomized controlled study
Conclusion: Pain and anxiety level during cystourethroscopy examination in males can be significantly reduced when the patient is instructed to void during cystourethroscopy examination. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Debansu Sarkar Kunal Kapoor Dilip Kumar Pal Source Type: research

Incidence of prostate cancer among patients with prostate-related urinary symptoms: A single institution series in 10 years
Conclusions: DRE together with serum PSA and TRUS have the highest predictable values for diagnosis of prostate cancer among patients with voiding symptoms. In the absence of abnormal TRUS, PSA and DRE together are more predictable than either alone. Serum PSA alone is more predictable than DRE. Random prostate biopsies should be performed in the presence of high serum PSA, and/or abnormal findings by DRE in male patients with urinary symptoms suggestive of the prostate disease. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Khalid M Alotaibi Source Type: research

Lower urinary tract symptoms and feeling of incomplete emptying in Saudi Arabian men and its correlation with postvoid residual urine
Conclusion: The study concluded that the feeling of incomplete emptying was poorly correlated with PVR urine volume measurement. This feeling was significantly associated with worsening of both voiding and storage symptoms. (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Reem Aldamanhori Source Type: research

Guideline on writing a case report
Basim Saleh Alsaywid, Nada Mansour AbdulhaqUrology Annals 2019 11(2):126-131 Research is an important competency that should be mastered by medical professionals. It provides an opportunity for physicians to develop numerous skills including communication, collaboration, time management, and teamwork. Case report, as a research design, describes important scientific observations that are encountered in a clinical setting to expand our knowledge base. Preparing a case report is far easier than conducting any other elaborative research design. Case report, with its main components, should be focused and delivers a clear mes...
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Basim Saleh Alsaywid Nada Mansour Abdulhaq Source Type: research

New treatment modalities with vaccine therapy in renal cell carcinoma
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Leyla Öztürk SönmezUrology Annals 2019 11(2):119-125 The aim of implementing vaccine therapy is to activate immune response against malignant cells by overcoming the tolerance triggered by the tumor. These treatments are effective using the immune response against cancer. Not every type of cancer is suitable for vaccine therapies. For a vaccine therapy to be implemented, cancer should be immunogenic and contain tissue-specific proteins, should have a slow progression, and treatments should be feasible. For that reason, studies regarding urological cancers are mostly focused on the ...
Source: Urology Annals - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mehmet Giray S ö nmez Leyla & #214;zt & #252;rk S & #246;nmez Source Type: research

Erratum: Abstract: Micro-dissection testicular sperm extraction: overall results and experience at KFSH and RC
Urology Annals 2019 11(1):117-117 (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - January 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant targeted therapy for advanced renal cell carcinoma: Where do we stand ?
Nikolaos K GrivasUrology Annals 2019 11(1):115-116 (Source: Urology Annals)
Source: Urology Annals - January 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nikolaos K Grivas Source Type: research