Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results
CONCLUSION: Thyroid elastography may reduce unnecessary surgery for both patients with AUS and selected SFN cytology. Elastography appears to be helpful in follicular variants and other types of papillary thyroid cancer however, not in follicular thyroid cancer.PMID:34289651 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2101-246 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bekir U çan Mustafa Şahin Binnur Önal Muhammed Kizilg ül Hakan D üğer Muhammed Erkam Sencar Erman Çakal Mustafa Özbek Source Type: research

Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-156. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since early in the outbreak, have described COVID-19 cases in healthcare workers (HCWs). In the early stages of the disease, there may be asymptomatic. This may lead to incorrec...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gamze Kalin Ünüvar Mehmet Do ğanay Emine Alp Source Type: research

Warfarin is associated with the risk of vascular calcification in abdominal aorta in hemodialysis patients: a multicenter case-control study
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that warfarin is associated to vascular calcifications, especially in aorta of HD patients.PMID:34289653 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2104-221 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Rezzan Eren Sadio ğlu Evren Üstüner Ihsan Erg ün S üleyman Tevfik Ecder G ökhan Nergizoğlu Kenan Keven Source Type: research

Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
CONCLUSIONS: NPS may be involved in the future treatment of cognitive impairments and depression-like behaviors in PD.PMID:34289654 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2105-74 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ay şe Özkan Mehmet B ülbül Narin Derin Osman Sinen G üven Akçay Hande Parlak Mutay Aydin Aslan Aysel A ğar Source Type: research

Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results
CONCLUSION: Thyroid elastography may reduce unnecessary surgery for both patients with AUS and selected SFN cytology. Elastography appears to be helpful in follicular variants and other types of papillary thyroid cancer however, not in follicular thyroid cancer.PMID:34289651 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2101-246 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bekir U çan Mustafa Şahin Binnur Önal Muhammed Kizilg ül Hakan D üğer Muhammed Erkam Sencar Erman Çakal Mustafa Özbek Source Type: research

Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-156. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since early in the outbreak, have described COVID-19 cases in healthcare workers (HCWs). In the early stages of the disease, there may be asymptomatic. This may lead to incorrec...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gamze Kalin Ünüvar Mehmet Do ğanay Emine Alp Source Type: research

Warfarin is associated with the risk of vascular calcification in abdominal aorta in hemodialysis patients: a multicenter case-control study
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that warfarin is associated to vascular calcifications, especially in aorta of HD patients.PMID:34289653 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2104-221 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Rezzan Eren Sadio ğlu Evren Üstüner Ihsan Erg ün S üleyman Tevfik Ecder G ökhan Nergizoğlu Kenan Keven Source Type: research

Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
CONCLUSIONS: NPS may be involved in the future treatment of cognitive impairments and depression-like behaviors in PD.PMID:34289654 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2105-74 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ay şe Özkan Mehmet B ülbül Narin Derin Osman Sinen G üven Akçay Hande Parlak Mutay Aydin Aslan Aysel A ğar Source Type: research

Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results
CONCLUSION: Thyroid elastography may reduce unnecessary surgery for both patients with AUS and selected SFN cytology. Elastography appears to be helpful in follicular variants and other types of papillary thyroid cancer however, not in follicular thyroid cancer.PMID:34289651 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2101-246 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bekir U çan Mustafa Şahin Binnur Önal Muhammed Kizilg ül Hakan D üğer Muhammed Erkam Sencar Erman Çakal Mustafa Özbek Source Type: research

Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-156. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since early in the outbreak, have described COVID-19 cases in healthcare workers (HCWs). In the early stages of the disease, there may be asymptomatic. This may lead to incorrec...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gamze Kalin Ünüvar Mehmet Do ğanay Emine Alp Source Type: research

Warfarin is associated with the risk of vascular calcification in abdominal aorta in hemodialysis patients: a multicenter case-control study
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that warfarin is associated to vascular calcifications, especially in aorta of HD patients.PMID:34289653 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2104-221 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Rezzan Eren Sadio ğlu Evren Üstüner Ihsan Erg ün S üleyman Tevfik Ecder G ökhan Nergizoğlu Kenan Keven Source Type: research

Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
CONCLUSIONS: NPS may be involved in the future treatment of cognitive impairments and depression-like behaviors in PD.PMID:34289654 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2105-74 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ay şe Özkan Mehmet B ülbül Narin Derin Osman Sinen G üven Akçay Hande Parlak Mutay Aydin Aslan Aysel A ğar Source Type: research

Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results
CONCLUSION: Thyroid elastography may reduce unnecessary surgery for both patients with AUS and selected SFN cytology. Elastography appears to be helpful in follicular variants and other types of papillary thyroid cancer however, not in follicular thyroid cancer.PMID:34289651 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2101-246 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bekir U çan Mustafa Şahin Binnur Önal Muhammed Kizilg ül Hakan D üğer Muhammed Erkam Sencar Erman Çakal Mustafa Özbek Source Type: research

Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-156. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since early in the outbreak, have described COVID-19 cases in healthcare workers (HCWs). In the early stages of the disease, there may be asymptomatic. This may lead to incorrec...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gamze Kalin Ünüvar Mehmet Do ğanay Emine Alp Source Type: research

Warfarin is associated with the risk of vascular calcification in abdominal aorta in hemodialysis patients: a multicenter case-control study
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that warfarin is associated to vascular calcifications, especially in aorta of HD patients.PMID:34289653 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2104-221 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Rezzan Eren Sadio ğlu Evren Üstüner Ihsan Erg ün S üleyman Tevfik Ecder G ökhan Nergizoğlu Kenan Keven Source Type: research

Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
CONCLUSIONS: NPS may be involved in the future treatment of cognitive impairments and depression-like behaviors in PD.PMID:34289654 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2105-74 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ay şe Özkan Mehmet B ülbül Narin Derin Osman Sinen G üven Akçay Hande Parlak Mutay Aydin Aslan Aysel A ğar Source Type: research

Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results
CONCLUSION: Thyroid elastography may reduce unnecessary surgery for both patients with AUS and selected SFN cytology. Elastography appears to be helpful in follicular variants and other types of papillary thyroid cancer however, not in follicular thyroid cancer.PMID:34289651 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2101-246 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bekir U çan Mustafa Şahin Binnur Önal Muhammed Kizilg ül Hakan D üğer Muhammed Erkam Sencar Erman Çakal Mustafa Özbek Source Type: research

Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-156. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since early in the outbreak, have described COVID-19 cases in healthcare workers (HCWs). In the early stages of the disease, there may be asymptomatic. This may lead to incorrec...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gamze Kalin Ünüvar Mehmet Do ğanay Emine Alp Source Type: research

Warfarin is associated with the risk of vascular calcification in abdominal aorta in hemodialysis patients: a multicenter case-control study
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that warfarin is associated to vascular calcifications, especially in aorta of HD patients.PMID:34289653 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2104-221 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Rezzan Eren Sadio ğlu Evren Üstüner Ihsan Erg ün S üleyman Tevfik Ecder G ökhan Nergizoğlu Kenan Keven Source Type: research

Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
CONCLUSIONS: NPS may be involved in the future treatment of cognitive impairments and depression-like behaviors in PD.PMID:34289654 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2105-74 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ay şe Özkan Mehmet B ülbül Narin Derin Osman Sinen G üven Akçay Hande Parlak Mutay Aydin Aslan Aysel A ğar Source Type: research

Assessment of diagnostic value of preoperative elastography in thyroid nodules having indeterminate cytology results
CONCLUSION: Thyroid elastography may reduce unnecessary surgery for both patients with AUS and selected SFN cytology. Elastography appears to be helpful in follicular variants and other types of papillary thyroid cancer however, not in follicular thyroid cancer.PMID:34289651 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2101-246 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bekir U çan Mustafa Şahin Binnur Önal Muhammed Kizilg ül Hakan D üğer Muhammed Erkam Sencar Erman Çakal Mustafa Özbek Source Type: research

Current Infection Prevention and Control Strategies of COVID-19 in Hospitals
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-156. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been appeared first in China since December 2019. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 occurs primarily with droplets through coughing and sneezing, is also occurs through inhalation of aerosolized secretions, which travel, remain suspended in the air longer. Since early in the outbreak, have described COVID-19 cases in healthcare workers (HCWs). In the early stages of the disease, there may be asymptomatic. This may lead to incorrec...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gamze Kalin Ünüvar Mehmet Do ğanay Emine Alp Source Type: research

Warfarin is associated with the risk of vascular calcification in abdominal aorta in hemodialysis patients: a multicenter case-control study
CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that warfarin is associated to vascular calcifications, especially in aorta of HD patients.PMID:34289653 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2104-221 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Rezzan Eren Sadio ğlu Evren Üstüner Ihsan Erg ün S üleyman Tevfik Ecder G ökhan Nergizoğlu Kenan Keven Source Type: research

Neuropeptide-S Affects Cognitive Impairment and Depression-like Behavior on MPTP Induced Experimental Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
CONCLUSIONS: NPS may be involved in the future treatment of cognitive impairments and depression-like behaviors in PD.PMID:34289654 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2105-74 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ay şe Özkan Mehmet B ülbül Narin Derin Osman Sinen G üven Akçay Hande Parlak Mutay Aydin Aslan Aysel A ğar Source Type: research

One and a half years into the COVID-19 pandemic - Exit strategies and efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines for holistic management and achieving global control
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-236. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe pandemic has now unfolded over the past one and a half year and all data show that SARS-CoV-2 has a higher mortality compared to influenza and people with sequelae after infection need to be treated by the health care systems. Evolution of new virus variants is discussed. The global expansion of the delta variant demonstrates that new variants with a higher transmission potential and also being more pathogenic can easily arise. So far, the roll out of vaccines has been the most efficient tool to control the pandemic. With the evolutio...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Eskild Petersen Ay şe Deniz Gökengin Asma Al Balushi Alimuddin Zumla Source Type: research

Post-covid syndrome: pulmonary complications
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-238. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has infected millions of people worlwide and caused a pandemic that is still ongoing. The virus can cause a disease named as COVID-19 which is composed of multi systemic manifestations with a pulmonary system predominance. As the time passes we are dealing more and more with the effects and complications of the disease in survivors which has shown a wide variety as far as concerns the clinical outcome and the timeline of symptoms in different patients. Since the lungs are the mo...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Dorina Esenda ğli Aydin Yilmaz M üşerref Şule Akçay Tevfik Özlü Source Type: research

Managing life during the pandemic: Communication strategies, mental health and the ultimate toll of the COVID-19
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-175. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this review was to present the ultimate toll of the COVID-19 pandemic by focusing on the communication strategies and mental health. We unsystematically reviewed the studies published between 2020-2021 from databases as Google Scholar, Web of Science and ScienceDirect. Firstly, ?new-normal? life challenges during the pandemic were discussed along with the public risk communication strategies. Later, mental health problems, posttraumatic growth, and protective factors were reviewed. Literature highlighted that people mainly ...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mehmet Hakan T ürkçapar Yasemin Kahya Tu ğba Çapar Taşkesen Hatice I şik Source Type: research

Pandemic Hospitals and Re-organizing Emergency Departments
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-169. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEmergency departments have always been the first point of contact for hospitals in many situations, including man-made and natural disasters. The first places where patients with symptoms of COVID-19 were met in health institutions were also emergency departments. Emergency departments play an important role in diagnosing the disease and isolating patients (by hospitalization if necessary). The process, which starts with the triage of outpatients admitted to the emergency department and brought by ambulance, continues as isolation of the ...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Af şin Emre Kayipmaz Ahmet Demircan Source Type: research

Allergic diseases in the elderly population: a single-center experience
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2104-55. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Although allergic diseases are generally considered to be diseases of childhood and youth, the first symptoms of allergic diseases can be seen in old age sometimes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of allergic diseases in the elderly population admitted to the allergy unit on an outpatient basis.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The files of the patients who applied to our clinic's allergy unit during the 8-year period were retrospectively analyzed. The data of patients aged ? 65 years were obtaine...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Eray Yildiz Fatih Çölkesen Şevket Arslan Recep Evcen Filiz Sadi Aykan Mehmet Kilin ç G ökhan Aytekin Source Type: research

Exercise capacity, muscle strength, dyspnea, physical activity, and quality of life in preoperative patients with lung cancer
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2102-55. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: To detect the extent to which physical impairments are observed in patients with lung cancer awaiting lung surgery, exercise capacity, muscle strength, physical activity, dyspnea, and quality of life (QOL) were objectively compared between the patients and healthy individuals in current study.METHODS: Patients with lung cancer (n= 26) and healthy individuals (n= 21) were included. Exercise capacity, respiratory (maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP)) and quadriceps femoris muscle strength, physic...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: G ülşah Barği Ece Baytok Zeliha Çelik Merve Şatir Türk Ali Çelik Ismail C üneyt Kurul Meral Bo şnak Güçlü Source Type: research

Incidence, risk factors, and adverse outcomes of acute kidney injury in very premature neonates: a single center experience
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2012-348. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND/AIM: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious morbidity in premature neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of AKI and to evaluate its impact on morbidity and mortality in very premature infants.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A total of 410 preterm infants who were born before 32 gestational weeks were screened and 318 were included in this analysis. AKI was defined according to the modified neonatal Kidney Disease: Improving...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nuran Üstün Source Type: research

How efficient are facial masks against COVID-19? Evaluating the mask use of various communities one year into the pandemic
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.3906/sag-2106-190. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFace masks are devices worn over the mouth and nose to protect against splashes, infectious respiratory droplets or aerosols generated during breathing or coughing according to their filtering capacity. Medical masks, respirators or cloth masks have been used for source control and for the protection of the exposed. After the first case on March 11, 2020, in Turkey, National COVID-19 Scientific Advisory Board published various contents for the correct use of masks. Medical face masks have been used in healthcare settings for both source c...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Asl ıhan Candevir Cem Üngör Figen Çizmeci Şenel Ye şim Taşova Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in rheumatic diseases
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.3906/sag-2104-257. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUltrasonography is an imaging technique that is used for evaluation of soft tissues based-on utilization of sound waves. Sound waves has been used for a long time in non-medical field including military defense systems, radar systems and detection of icebergs. In association with the technological advances inventions in medical imaging has been achieved and new techniques including magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, computed tomography became available. Nowadays, imaging techniques has become as a gold standard protocol in diagn...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Erhan Capkin Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of the Turkish version of the obesity-specific quality of life questionnaire: quality of life, obesity and dietetics (QOLOD) rating scale
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2104-346. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground /aim: Acromegaly is a rare chronic endocrine disorder, the active form of which is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in acromegaly patients are important in terms of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine whether the visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and plasma atherogenic index (PAI) are early cardiovascular risk markers in patients with active acromegaly.MATERIAL...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mustafa Özbek Murat Çalapkulu Sema Hep şen Muhammed Erkam Sencar Hayri Bostan Ilknur Öztürk Ünsal Erman Çakal Source Type: research

Non-Damaging Retinal Laser Therapy in Recurrent Diabetic Macular Edema after Anti-VEGF injections
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results, NRT provided an improvement in BCVA and CFT in eyes with CFT less than 300 µm at the short-term follow-up. However, CFT and BCVA outcomes after NRT were inferior to those achieved after previous ranibizumab treatment. No positive effect of NRT was not observed in patients with moderate and severe macular edema in DME treatment.PMID:34247461 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2007-304 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mehmet Çitirik Source Type: research

The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among Turkish patients with primary headache
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that Turkish patients with primary headache, especially those with long disease duration, use CAM modalities. Larger population-based studies are required to clarify the safety and efficacy of these methods.PMID:34247462 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2102-234 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: B üşra Sümeyye Arica Polat Ay şe Çağlar Sarilar Source Type: research

Maintenance of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in Patients with COPD: Is a Structured 5-year Follow-up Program Helpful?
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2101-245. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has proven useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),but the benefits decrease over time. We evaluated the effects of a structured follow-up program after PR on patient pulmonary function, dyspnea, body composition, exercise capacity, quality of life, psychological status, i-BODE index, hospitalization status, 5-year survival rate. We explored whether this follow-up program could serve as a maintenance program.METHOD: COPD patients who completed PR attended follow-up vis...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ipek Candemir Pinar Erg ün Mustafa Engin Şahin Source Type: research

Effect of Humic Acid on Oxidative Stress and Neuroprotection in Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Experimental Study
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2102-200. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is an important health problem especially in developing countries with additional socio-economic loss. Humic acids (HA) usually have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, blood-circulating and antiviral effects. We aimed to show effect of HA on neuroprotection in TSCI model.METHODS: We performed TSCI model in Twenty-four Wistar-Albino rats in four groups. Control group underwent only laminectomy. Sham group underwent laminectomy followed by TSCI. Low dose HA (5mg/kg) and high dose HA (10mg/kg) gro...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Burak Kinali Nail Özdemir Ali Karada ğ Özge Kaya Korkmaz Ay şe Gülden Diniz Ünlü Fatma Demet Arslan Source Type: research

Factors That Affect Placental Retinol Transfer In Preterm Infants And Mothers With Retinol Deficiency
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2102-301. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The retinol level and retinol delivery to the placenta may vary depending on various factors involving the mother and baby. The present study evaluates the factors affecting retinol levels in babies and the transplacental retinol passage in preterm babies.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, the retinol and retinol binding protein (RBP) in the umbilical cord blood of 44 preterm infants with a gestation age of
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kadir Şerafettin Tekgündüz Dilara Dilek Mustafa Kara Nurinnisa Öztürk Sibel Ejder Tekg ündüz Source Type: research

Melatonin has favorable preventive effects on experimental chronic pancreatitis rat model
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2103-134. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND/AIM: Currently, there is not any specific treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP). It was aimed to investigate the effects of melatonin administration on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, oxidative stress, fibrosis, biochemical and histopathological parameters and Abcc2,Abcc5 and Abcg2 gene levels in an experimental rat CP model.METHODS: Forty rats were randomized into five groups: Sham, CP, CP+25 mg/kg melatonin, CP+50 mg/kg melatonin, and CP+placebo. In all rats except the sham group, a model of chronic pancreatitis was acco...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Esra Guzel Tanoglu Alpaslan Tano ğlu Makbule Çisel Aydin Meriçöz Muhammed Fevzi Esen Source Type: research

Serum Growth Differentiation Factor-15 Analysis as a Malnutrition Marker in Hemodialysis Patients
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2103-62. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground Growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15 is related to inflammation and mortality in many conditions. We aimed to determine if an elevated serum GDF-15 level is related to nutritional status of patients on hemodialysis (HD), and mortality. Materials and Methods Routine HD patients (n=158) were included in the study and followed for 18 months. Some malnutrition/inflammation scoring indexes (malnutrition/inflammation score (MIS), controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, and prognostic nutritional index (PNI)), biochemical param...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Didem Turgut Deniz Ilhan Topcu Cemile Cansu Alperen Sidika Esra Baskin Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of the Turkish version of the obesity-specific quality of life questionnaire: quality of life, obesity and dietetics (QOLOD) rating scale
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2104-346. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground /aim: Acromegaly is a rare chronic endocrine disorder, the active form of which is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in acromegaly patients are important in terms of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine whether the visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and plasma atherogenic index (PAI) are early cardiovascular risk markers in patients with active acromegaly.MATERIAL...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mustafa Özbek Murat Çalapkulu Sema Hep şen Muhammed Erkam Sencar Hayri Bostan Ilknur Öztürk Ünsal Erman Çakal Source Type: research

Non-Damaging Retinal Laser Therapy in Recurrent Diabetic Macular Edema after Anti-VEGF injections
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results, NRT provided an improvement in BCVA and CFT in eyes with CFT less than 300 µm at the short-term follow-up. However, CFT and BCVA outcomes after NRT were inferior to those achieved after previous ranibizumab treatment. No positive effect of NRT was not observed in patients with moderate and severe macular edema in DME treatment.PMID:34247461 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2007-304 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mehmet Çitirik Source Type: research

The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among Turkish patients with primary headache
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that Turkish patients with primary headache, especially those with long disease duration, use CAM modalities. Larger population-based studies are required to clarify the safety and efficacy of these methods.PMID:34247462 | DOI:10.3906/sag-2102-234 (Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: B üşra Sümeyye Arica Polat Ay şe Çağlar Sarilar Source Type: research

Maintenance of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in Patients with COPD: Is a Structured 5-year Follow-up Program Helpful?
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2101-245. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has proven useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),but the benefits decrease over time. We evaluated the effects of a structured follow-up program after PR on patient pulmonary function, dyspnea, body composition, exercise capacity, quality of life, psychological status, i-BODE index, hospitalization status, 5-year survival rate. We explored whether this follow-up program could serve as a maintenance program.METHOD: COPD patients who completed PR attended follow-up vis...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ipek Candemir Pinar Erg ün Mustafa Engin Şahin Source Type: research

Effect of Humic Acid on Oxidative Stress and Neuroprotection in Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Experimental Study
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2102-200. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is an important health problem especially in developing countries with additional socio-economic loss. Humic acids (HA) usually have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, blood-circulating and antiviral effects. We aimed to show effect of HA on neuroprotection in TSCI model.METHODS: We performed TSCI model in Twenty-four Wistar-Albino rats in four groups. Control group underwent only laminectomy. Sham group underwent laminectomy followed by TSCI. Low dose HA (5mg/kg) and high dose HA (10mg/kg) gro...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Burak Kinali Nail Özdemir Ali Karada ğ Özge Kaya Korkmaz Ay şe Gülden Diniz Ünlü Fatma Demet Arslan Source Type: research

Factors That Affect Placental Retinol Transfer In Preterm Infants And Mothers With Retinol Deficiency
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2102-301. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The retinol level and retinol delivery to the placenta may vary depending on various factors involving the mother and baby. The present study evaluates the factors affecting retinol levels in babies and the transplacental retinol passage in preterm babies.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, the retinol and retinol binding protein (RBP) in the umbilical cord blood of 44 preterm infants with a gestation age of
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kadir Şerafettin Tekgündüz Dilara Dilek Mustafa Kara Nurinnisa Öztürk Sibel Ejder Tekg ündüz Source Type: research

Melatonin has favorable preventive effects on experimental chronic pancreatitis rat model
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2103-134. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND/AIM: Currently, there is not any specific treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP). It was aimed to investigate the effects of melatonin administration on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, oxidative stress, fibrosis, biochemical and histopathological parameters and Abcc2,Abcc5 and Abcg2 gene levels in an experimental rat CP model.METHODS: Forty rats were randomized into five groups: Sham, CP, CP+25 mg/kg melatonin, CP+50 mg/kg melatonin, and CP+placebo. In all rats except the sham group, a model of chronic pancreatitis was acco...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Esra Guzel Tanoglu Alpaslan Tano ğlu Makbule Çisel Aydin Meriçöz Muhammed Fevzi Esen Source Type: research

Serum Growth Differentiation Factor-15 Analysis as a Malnutrition Marker in Hemodialysis Patients
Turk J Med Sci. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.3906/sag-2103-62. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground Growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15 is related to inflammation and mortality in many conditions. We aimed to determine if an elevated serum GDF-15 level is related to nutritional status of patients on hemodialysis (HD), and mortality. Materials and Methods Routine HD patients (n=158) were included in the study and followed for 18 months. Some malnutrition/inflammation scoring indexes (malnutrition/inflammation score (MIS), controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, and prognostic nutritional index (PNI)), biochemical param...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - July 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Didem Turgut Deniz Ilhan Topcu Cemile Cansu Alperen Sidika Esra Baskin Source Type: research