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Necrotizing Microascus tracheobronchitis in a bilateral lung transplant recipient
We report here the case of a woman who underwent bilateral lung transplantation for severe emphysema. On day 25 after transplantation, endobronchial green‐black lesions were detected during routine endoscopy. Endobronchial swabs, biopsies, and bronchoalveolar lavage samples were positive for Microascus cirrosus. This fungal infection developed despite voriconazole given for previous persistent invasive aspergillosis. Treatment consisted of a combination of antifungal medication (voriconazole, terbinafine, amphotericin B, and caspofungin) and endoscopic resection of necrosed bronchial mucosa. A favorable clinical outcome ...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - December 13, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Olivier Taton, Benjamin Bernier, Isabelle Etienne, Benjamin Bondue, Sophie Lecomte, Christiane Knoop, Frederique Jacob, Isabel Montesinos Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Corrigendum
(Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - December 8, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Deceased organ donor screening for human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C viruses: Discordant serology and nucleic acid testing results
ConclusionsThis study highlights the importance of robust quality‐assurance to minimize NRP NAT results. NAT may allow for increased utilization of organs from HBV‐ and HCV‐ seropositive, NAT‐negative donors.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 27, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Nicole Theodoropoulos, Marek J. Nowicki, Claudia Chinchilla ‐Reyes, Sara Dionne, Andrés Jaramillo, Tom Mone, Richard Hasz, Martin D. Jendrisak, Daniela P. Ladner, Michael G. Ison Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Selective T ‐cell depletion targeting CD45RA reduces viremia and enhances early T‐cell recovery compared to CD3‐targeted T‐cell depletion
Abstract BackgroundT‐cell depletion (TCD) effectively reduces severe graft‐versus‐host disease in recipients of HLA‐mismatched allografts. However, TCD is associated with delayed immune recovery and increased infections. We hypothesized that specific depletion of CD45RA+ naïve T cells, rather than broad depletion of CD3+ T cells, can preserve memory‐immunity in the allografts, and confer protection against important viral infections in the early post‐transplant period. MethodsSixty‐seven patients who received TCD haploidentical donor transplantation for hematologic malignancy on three consecutive trials ...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 27, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Brandon M. Triplett, Brad Muller, Guolian Kang, Li Ying, Shane J Cross, Joseph Moen, Lea Cunningham, William Janssen, Ewelina Mamcarz, David R. Shook, Ashok Srinivasan, John Choi, Randall T. Hayden, Wing Leung Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

No indication of increased infection rates using low ‐dose alemtuzumab instead of anti‐thymocyte globulin as graft‐versus‐host disease prophylaxis before allogeneic stem cell transplantation
ConclusionWe saw no indication of increased infections rates when using low‐dose alemtuzumab as GvHD prophylaxis before allogeneic stem cell transplantation in this retrospective analysis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 27, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Thomas Neumann, Laila Schneidewind, Thomas Thiele, Daniel Pink, Meike Schulze, Christian Schmidt, William Kr üger Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Successful treatment of thrombotic microangiopathy associated to dengue infection: A case report and literature review
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 27, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: John Fredy Nieto ‐Ríos, María Fernanda Álvarez Barreneche, Sara Catalina Penagos, Diana Carolina Bello Márquez, Lina Maria Serna‐Higuita, Isabel Cristina Ramírez Sánchez Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Treatment of human polyomavirus ‐7‐associated rash and pruritus with topical cidofovir in a lung transplant patient: Case report and literature review
We report on a case of PVARP in a lung transplant recipient. Our patient developed symptoms 13 years after being on his immunosuppressive regimen, with an insidious course of progressive gray lichenification with marked islands of sparing and quality of life‐altering pruritus. Treatment for PVARP is not established; however, topical cidofovir combined with immunomodulation may offer sustained therapeutic benefit. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 26, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Shane D. B. Smith, Gulsun Erdag, Jonathan D. Cuda, Sophie Rangwala, Nicholas Girardi, Kristin Bibee, Jonathan B. Orens, Maria Dioverti Prono, Tuna Toptan, Manisha J. Loss Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Multiple transmissions of chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus ‐6 in one family
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 20, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Armin Rashidi, Karam Obeid, Joshua Hill, Erica D. Warlick, Daniel J. Weisdorf Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Impact of low ‐level BK polyomavirus viremia on intermediate‐term renal allograft function
ConclusionsHigh‐level viremia was associated with impaired graft function. In contrast, low‐level BKPyV viremia had no significant impact on intermediate‐term graft function.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 20, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Johannes Korth, Marek Widera, Sebastian Dolff, Hana Guberina, Anja Bienholz, Alexandra Brinkhoff, Olympia Evdoxia Anastasiou, Andreas Kribben, Ulf Dittmer, Jens Verheyen, Benjamin Wilde, Oliver Witzke Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Successful heart transplantation in patients with active Staphylococcus bloodstream infection and suspected mechanical circulatory support device infection
ConclusionThese results suggest that some carefully selected patients with active Staphylococcus bacteremia and suspected mechanical circulatory support device infection may safely undergo HT, and that HT may effectively eliminate the underlying infection.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 15, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Timothy Sullivan, Sarah Taimur, Meenakshi Rana, Gopi Patel, Sean Pinney, Anelechi Anyanwu, Shirish Huprikar Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Fifty ‐one cases of fungal arteritis after kidney transplantation: A case report and review of the literature
Abstract Fungal arteritis affecting graft arteries is a rare but life‐threatening complication in kidney transplantation (KT). Here, we report the case of a patient with Aspergillus arteritis who experienced renal artery rupture 8 days after KT. We also reviewed 50 other reported cases of fungal arteritis after KT. We found that fungal contamination can occur during kidney graft harvest, preservation, and/or transplantation. Typically, early diagnosis, timely antifungal treatment, and emergency surgery seem crucial for avoiding life‐threatening vascular complications. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 13, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Maozhi Tang, Xiaosong Xu, Bingbing Shen, Jun Zhang, Peng Li, Qianguang Pan, Mei Mei, Pan Xie, Hong Liu Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Outbreak of invasive aspergillosis in heart transplant recipients: The role of screening computed tomography scans in asymptomatic patients and universal antifungal prophylaxis
ConclusionsIn an outbreak setting, screening CT scans of the chest may aid in early detection of asymptomatic HTRs with IA and improve outcome.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 10, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Dima Kabbani, Livia Goldraich, Heather Ross, Coleman Rotstein, Shahid Husain Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Use of a hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA ‐positive donor in a treated HCV RNA‐negative liver transplant recipient
Abstract The shortage of livers has led most transplant centers to use extended criteria donors. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA‐positive donors are typically not given to patients who have cleared HCV. A 64‐year‐old male with chronic hepatitis C, genotype 1b was listed for LT with hepatocellular carcinoma. While on the waiting list, the patient was treated with sofosbuvir, ledipasvir, and ribavirin and achieved an HCV RNA
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 10, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Isabel Campos ‐Varela, Eliana Z. Agudelo, Monika Sarkar, John P. Roberts, Norah A. Terrault Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Association between baseline serum hepcidin levels and infection in kidney transplant recipients: Potential role for iron overload
Abstract BackgroundThe liver‐synthesized peptide hepcidin is a key regulator of iron metabolism and correlates with total iron stores. We analyzed the association between pre‐transplant hepcidin‐25 levels and infection after kidney transplantation (KT). MethodsSerum hepcidin‐25 levels were measured at baseline by high‐sensitivity ELISA in 91 patients undergoing KT at our institution between December 2011 and March 2013. The impact of this biomarker on the incidence of post‐transplant infection (excluding lower urinary tract infection) during the first year was assessed by Cox regression. ResultsMean hepcidin‐...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 9, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Mario Fern ández‐Ruiz, Patricia Parra, Tamara Ruiz‐Merlo, Francisco López‐Medrano, Rafael San Juan, Natalia Polanco, Esther González, Amado Andrés, José María Aguado Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Successful heart transplantation in patients with total artificial heart infections
ConclusionTAHI is frequently associated with BSI and mediastinitis and Staphylococcus was the most common pathogen. A multimodal approach of appropriate pre‐ and post‐HT antimicrobial therapy, surgical drainage, and heart transplantation with radical mediastinal debridement was successful in curing infection.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 7, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Sarah Taimur, Timothy Sullivan, Mennakshi Rana, Gopi Patel, Julie Roldan, Kimberly Ashley, Sean Pinney, Anelechi Anyanwu, Shirish Huprikar Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

The influence of immunosuppressants on direct ‐acting antiviral therapy is dependent on hepatitis C virus genotype
ConclusionFor patients with HCV GT2a, GT3a or GT4a infection, mTOR‐based immunosuppressive therapy may be beneficial, whereas CNI‐based therapy may be more efficacious in GT1b patients.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 7, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Alexandra Frey, Katja Piras ‐Straub, Andreas Walker, Jörg Timm, Guido Gerken, Kerstin Herzer Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Influenza and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipient: Co ‐infection or superinfection?
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - November 7, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Jacob Burke, Ayman O. Soubani Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

An autopsy ‐based study of Trypanosoma cruzi persistence in organs of chronic chagasic patients and its relevance for transplantation
ConclusionsWe concluded that, aside from the heart, the other solid organs of T. cruzi‐infected donors can be used for transplantation with a lot of caution. Such organs are not safe in the view of previous reports of CD transmission, but seem to present a low T. cruzi load compared to the heart. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 25, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Luiz A. Benvenuti, Alessandra Rogg ério, Marta M. Cavalcanti, Anna S. Nishiya, José E. Levi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Urinary tract infections caused by ESBL ‐producing Enterobacteriaceae in renal transplant recipients: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
ConclusionsBased on a limited number of studies, one in 10 RTR will develop a UTI caused by an ESBL‐PE, and these patients face an almost 3 times greater risk of recurrence. A more rigorous monitoring of RTR, both during and after resolution of their infection, should be evaluated in order to reduce the incidence and the clinical impact of these resistant infections. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 24, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Michail Alevizakos, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Eleftherios Mylonakis Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Absence of JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) viremia in early post ‐transplant JCPyV nephropathy: A case report
Abstract JC polyomavirus (JCPyV)‐associated nephropathy (JCPyVAN) occurs in
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 24, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Chitimaporn Janphram, Suchin Worawichawong, Sinee Disthabanchong, Vasant Sumethkul, Porpon Rotjanapan Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Treatment of human polyomavirus ‐7 associated rash and pruritus with topical cidofovir in a lung transplant patient: Case report and literature review
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 24, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Shane D. B. Smith, Gulsun Erdag, Jonathan D. Cuda, Sophie Rangwala, Nicholas Girardi, Kristin Bibee, Jonathan B. Orens, Maria Dioverti Prono, Tuna Toptan, Manisha J. Loss Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Incidence and clinical profile of tuberculosis after allogeneic stem cell transplantation
ConclusionTB should be suspected in patients with unexplained fever post alloSCT. Active GVHD and ongoing immunosuppression/steroids are possible risk factors. Early diagnosis and treatment can salvage most patients. Hepatotoxicity following ATT is a potential concern.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 24, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Narendra Agrawal, Mukul Aggarwal, Jyotsna Kapoor, Rayaz Ahmed, Anjan Shrestha, Meena Kaushik, Dinesh Bhurani Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

“Double carbapenem” and oral fosfomycin for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections caused by blaNDM‐harboring Enterobacteriaceae in kidney transplantation
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 24, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Rossana Rosa, Susan D. Rudin, Laura J. Rojas, Andrea M. Hujer, Armando Perez ‐Cardona, Federico Perez, Robert A. Bonomo, Octavio Martinez, Lilian M. Abbo, Jose F. Camargo Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Curing hepatitis C virus (HCV) after organ transplantation: Increased risk of rejection following HCV elimination
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 24, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: George Kasarala, Steve Choi, Katie Lopez, Rachel B. Britt, Colleen Boatright, Hans L. Tillmann Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Brain abscesses caused by Cladophialophora bantiana in a lung transplant patient: A case report and review of the literature
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 9, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Anthony Gschwend, Tristan D égot, Julie Denis, Alina M. Sabou, Mi Young Jeung, Emilie Zapata, Michele Porzio, Benjamin Renaud‐Picard, Raoul Herbrecht, Romain Kessler Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in kidney transplant recipients: A series of seven cases
ConclusionDematiaceous fungi are increasingly implicated in cutaneous lesions in transplant recipients. Respectively, histopathology and surgical excision are the appropriate tools for diagnosis and treatment.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 9, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Haridasan Satish, Sreejith Parameswaran, B.H. Srinivas, C. Laxmisha, B.S. Bibilash, S. Rakesh, R. Jayasurya, Padhi Rajesh, S. Ezhilnilavan, D. K. Avinash, P.S. Priyamvada Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 5, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Organ utilization from increased infectious risk donors: An observational study
Abstract BackgroundDonors with an increased risk of transmitting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) (increased risk donors [IRDs]) are a potential source of organs for transplant. Organs from IRDs can be utilized with appropriate recipient consent and post‐transplant follow‐up. We reviewed the characteristics and utilization of IRDs in our Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) over a 2‐year period. MethodsDonor information from April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was obtained through the OPO database. Only consented donors were included. Donors were categorized as IRD a...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 5, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Arnaud G. L'Huillier, Atul Humar, Clare Payne, Deepali Kumar Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Detection of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B virus in post ‐mortem blood specimens using infectious disease assays licensed for cadaveric donor screening
ConclusionLicensed donor screening tests were positive on postmortem specimens obtained within 24 hours of death from individuals dying with HIV, HCV, and/or HBV, and were able to detect presence of the virus. The use of multiple tests (including antibody and direct viral detection methods) is necessary to adequately evaluate donors.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Melissa A. Greenwald, Stephen Kerby, Kori Francis, Anna C. Noller, William T. Gormley, Robin Biswas, Richard A. Forshee Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Disseminated mucormycosis masquerading as rejection early after orthotopic heart transplantation
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Lindsay Margoles, David DeNofrio, Ayan Patel, Yoav Golan, Amanda Vest, Knarik Arkun, Helen Boucher, Michael Kiernan, Jenica Upshaw Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

An unexpected but underestimated case of disseminated toxoplasmosis
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tiffany Chan, Patrick T. Shannon, Michael E. Detsky Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Epidemiology and impact of bloodstream infections among kidney transplant recipients: A retrospective single ‐center experience
ConclusionsUrinary tract infection remains the commonest source of systemic infection among kidney transplant recipients and resistance to commonly used frontline antibiotics is common; thus, prevention and early detection are paramount. The appropriate choice of initial empirical antibiotic is vital to improve the outcome. Each unit needs to understand the epidemiology of organisms causing BSI in their transplant patients and their antibiotic susceptibilities.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Ali M. Shendi, Gabriel Wallis, Helena Painter, Mark Harber, Sophie Collier Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Severe BK polyomavirus ‐induced hemorrhagic cystitis in a kidney transplant recipient with absence of renal allograft involvement
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Mahwash Kamal, Amit Govil, Manish Anand, Bassam G. Abu Jawdeh, Silvi Shah Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Direct antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C in heart transplant recipients
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Martina Vitrone, Roberto Andini, Irene Mattucci, Ciro Maiello, Luigi Atripaldi, Emanuele Durante ‐Mangoni, Rosa Zampino Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

DNA ‐based testing in lung transplant recipients with suspected non‐viral lower respiratory tract infection: A prospective observational study
Abstract BackgroundNon‐viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are common among lung transplant (LTx) recipients with increased mortality. Early pathogen identification is crucial to guide therapy and avoid adverse events. Results from cultures may require up to 72 hours. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay (PCR) may allow faster pathogen identification, but its utility in LTx recipients with suspected non‐viral LRTI remains unclear. MethodsIn a prospective open‐label observational trial, LTx recipients presenting with suspected LRTI received bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Samples were ...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Nora Drick, Benjamin Seeliger, Mark Greer, Benjamin A Bollmann, Stefan Ziesing, Tobias Welte, Jens Gottlieb Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Tenosynovitis caused by Mycobacterium malmoense in two kidney transplant recipients and review of the literature
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Rebecca van Grootveld, Hans U. Scherer, Elke E. M. Peters, Andr é Gaasbeek, Sandra M. Arend, Herman F. Wunderink Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Necrotizing Microascus tracheo ‐bronchitis in a bilateral lung transplant recipient
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Olivier Taton, Benjamin Bernier, Isabelle Etienne, Benjamin Bondue, Sophie Lecomte, Christiane Knoop, Frederique Jacob, Isabel Montesinos Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Sinusitis caused by Exserohilum rostratum after cord blood transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome: A case report and literature review
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Sumiko Kohashi, Takaaki Toyama, Norisato Hashimoto, Masatoshi Sakurai, Jun Kato, Taku Kikuchi, Yuya Koda, Kayoko Sugita, Naoki Hasegawa, Kyoko Yarita, Katsuhiko Kamei, Shinichiro Okamoto, Takehiko Mori Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Scedosporium apiospermum infection of the urinary system with a review of treatment options and cases in the literature
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Esther Benamu, Alexander Tin ‐Han Yu, Lijia Xie, Sebastian Fernandez‐Pol, Anna Y. Liu, Dora Y. Ho Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Early pneumopericardium after heart transplantation
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Juan G. Duero Posada, Yasbanoo Moayedi, Mosaad Alhussein, Paul E. Bunce, Terrence M. Yau, Heather J. Ross Tags: Images in Transplant Infectious Disease Source Type: research

Severe dermatophytosis in solid organ transplant recipients: A French retrospective series and literature review
ConclusionSevere dermatophytosis is a late complication in SOT recipients presenting with lower limb nodules, which might be prevented by prompt treatment of superficial dermatophytosis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Claire Rouzaud, Olivier Chosidow, Anabelle Brocard, Sylvie Fraitag, Anne Scemla, Dany Anglicheau, Jean ‐David Bouaziz, Nicolas Dupin, Marie‐Elisabeth Bougnoux, Roderick Hay, Olivier Lortholary, Fanny Lanternier, Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Risk factors and clinical outcomes of pediatric liver transplant recipients with post ‐transplant lymphoproliferative disease in a multi‐ethnic Asian cohort
Abstract BackgroundWe aimed to evaluate clinical characteristics, risk factors, and disease outcomes for liver transplant recipients (LTR) with post‐transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) at our center. MethodsRetrospective review of data of all pediatric LTR (1991‐2015) was conducted. ResultsThe overall incidence of PTLD was 16.4% (18/110), the majority (13/18) were early lesions, while 3/18 were polymorphic/monomorphic PTLD. The risk factors significant on univariate analysis were as follows: mean age (years) at transplant (1.66 vs 4.76, P = .006); age
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: James Guoxian Huang, Mervin Ye Qing Tan, Seng ‐Hock Quak, Marion Margaret Aw Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Anemia as very late ‐onset cytomegalovirus disease after kidney transplantation
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Rom án Hernández‐Gallego, Isis Cerezo, Nicolás Roberto Robles, Sergio Barroso, Adrián Romanciuc, Juan José Cubero Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A cluster of scedosporiosis in lung transplant candidates and recipients: The Zurich experience and review of the literature
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Irene A. Abela, Christian Murer, Mac é M. Schuurmans, Juergen W. Schmitt, Frabci Muller, Frank Imkamp, Nicolas J. Mueller, Christian Benden Tags: Original Report Source Type: research

Utilization of increased risk for transmission of infectious disease donor organs in solid organ transplantation: Retrospective analysis of disease transmission and safety
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Linda Irwin, Camille N. Kotton, Nahel Elias, Julie Palafox, Debra Basler, Sarah H. Shao, William Lester, Xiaofeng Zhang, Brendan Kimball, Carrie Trencher, Jay A. Fishman Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Rare and unusual presentation of Cladophialophora infection in a pulmonary transplant cystic fibrosis patient
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Quitterie Reynaud, Damien Dupont, Rapha ële Nove‐Josserand, Stephane Durupt, Florence Persat, Florence Ader, Dominique Grenet, Isabelle Durieu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Infective endocarditis in the setting of renal transplantation: Case report and review of the literature
We describe a 36‐year‐old woman referred to a tertiary medical center for evaluation of elevated creatinine levels 1 month after a second RT. Work‐up revealed the presence of all four of Duke's criteria: fever, persistent bacteremia, new‐onset tricuspid regurgitation, and masses suspected to be vegetation attached to the tricuspid annulus. Symptoms resolved with antibiotic treatment and fluids. Fluorodeoxyglucose‐positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG‐PET/CT) revealed hypermetabolic absorption in the femoral vascular graft that had been used for hemodialysis prior to transplantation. The graft wa...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - October 1, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Inbar Nardi Agmon, Elad Goldberg, Eytan Cohen, Ilan Krause Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Legionnaires' disease in transplant recipients: A 15 ‐year retrospective study in a tertiary referral center
Abstract Legionnaires' disease (LD) can be fatal among high‐risk transplant recipients. To understand the epidemiology of LD, we reviewed 15‐year longitudinal data from a center in Seattle, Washington that cares for both solid organ transplant (SOT) and hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. We identified all laboratory‐confirmed LD and extracted data on species, diagnostic modalities, clinical presentation, management, and outcomes from medical records. Among 32 patients with LD, transplant recipients made up the majority of diagnoses (22, 69%; SOT 10, HCT 12). Approximately 0.8% of transplant recipients wh...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - September 28, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Shobini Sivagnanam, Sara Podczervinski, Susan M. Butler ‐Wu, Vivian Hawkins, Zach Stednick, Lois A. Helbert, William A. Glover, Estella Whimbey, Jeffrey Duchin, Guang‐Shing Cheng, Steven A. Pergam Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Drug ‐drug interactions between triazole antifungal agents used to treat invasive aspergillosis and immunosuppressants metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4
Abstract Patients undergoing treatment with immunosuppressant drugs following solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are at particular risk for development of serious infections such as invasive aspergillosis. Four triazole antifungal drugs, voriconazole, posaconazole, itraconazole, and isavuconazole, are approved to treat invasive aspergillosis either as first‐ or second‐line therapy. All of these agents are inhibitors of cytochrome P450 3A4, which plays a key role in metabolizing immunosuppressant drugs such as cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and sirolimus. Thus, co‐administration of a triazole antifungal...
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - September 28, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Andreas H. Groll, Robert Townsend, Amit Desai, Nkechi Azie, Mark Jones, Marc Engelhardt, Anne ‐Hortense Schmitt‐Hoffman, Roger J. M. Brüggemann Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Barriers to listing for HIV ‐infected patients being evaluated for kidney transplantation
ConclusionOur cohort demonstrated a higher proportion of HIV‐infected patients eligible for KT than in previous studies, likely secondary to advances in HIV management., Among those who were denied access to transplantation, we identified that many were unable to complete the evaluation process, and that active substance was common. Future prospective studies should examine reasons and potential interventions for the lack of follow‐through and drug use we observed in this population.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Transplant Infectious Disease)
Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - September 16, 2017 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Dong Heun Lee, Suzanne M. Boyle, Gregory E. Malat, Christopher Kern, Charles Milrod, Shannon DeBellis, Meera N. Harhay, Karthik Ranganna, Stephen Guy, Sindhura Talluri, Tiffany Bias, Alden Doyle Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research