Examining the Effects of Multitiered Oral Narrative Language Instruction on Reading Comprehension and Writing: A Feasibility Study
This early-stage feasibility study investigated the effects of a multitiered oral narrative language intervention on oral language, reading comprehension, and writing. Twenty-eight second-grade students participated in this quasi-experimental control group study with assignment at the classroom level. The independent variable was large- and small-group oral narrative language intervention that required students to retell increasingly complex stories that were strategically crafted to include academic language typically found in grade-level reading material. Story grammar, causal adverbial subordinate clauses, elaborated no...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Continuing Education Instructions and Questions
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Instructions and Questions Source Type: research

Spelling as Part of the Writing Process in Intermediate-Grade Students
In this study, we introduce a spelling coding rubric that accounts for different knowledge types needed for spelling and can be used to describe error patterns for both encoding and decoding as part of the writing process. Eighty participants wrote a first draft and final copy of a narrative generated with extended time over 3 days. Spelling error patterns from these samples were coded using the spelling coding rubric, which was informed by prior research. Approximately 2% of words were misspelled, and the frequency of error types across error codes was similar on first drafts and final copies and required that all 15 erro...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Class Literacy Instruction for Children With Speech and Language Difficulties
This study investigated the response to class-wide phonological awareness and oral language teaching for 40 children who entered school with speech and language difficulties. A stepped wedge research design was adopted to compare the immediate impact of the 10-week teacher-led instruction. The progress of the children with speech and language difficulties was monitored over the first school year and compared with 110 children with language difficulties alone and 95 children with typical development. Children with speech and language needs showed a strong intervention response in phoneme awareness and vocabulary learning bu...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Embedding Evidence-Based Practices to Address Literacy in School-Based Speech–Language Therapy
This article reviews evidence for why literacy should be addressed within the context of therapy, the positive effects that literacy interventions confer, and an examination of current practices regarding treating reading as a therapy target. The article concludes with suggestions for perspectives and approaches that may address the challenges and barriers faced by school-based SLPs, who should embed evidence-based literacy interventions for children with LI in their therapeutic activities. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evaluating Children in U.S. Public Schools With Speech Sound Disorders: Considering Federal and State Laws, Guidance, and Research
This article describes evaluation and eligibility requirements for children with speech sound disorders in the United States focusing on four sources of information: (1) federal requirements, specifically the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), (2) state and local requirements and guidance, (3) other sources of guidance (e.g., from professional associations), and (4) research. To be eligible to receive services under the IDEA, three conditions must be met: (1) the student has an impairment, (2) that impairment results in an educational impact, and (3) the student requires specially designed instruction to m...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Treatment Approach Considerations for Children With Speech Sound Disorders in School-Based Settings
Clinicians providing intervention for pediatric speech sound disorders (SSDs) have many treatment approach options from which to select. Because treatment needs vary across children based on many factors including the error type(s) present and patterns of deficit noted, these factors need to be considered early in the therapeutic process to find the best-suited approach. In this article, the authors describe and contrast a traditional motor articulatory-based approach with phonologically-based approaches including cycles, contrast therapies (e.g., minimal pairs, maximal oppositions, and multiple oppositions), and complexit...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Applying Evidence-Based Practices in School-Based Speech and Language Therapy
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Issue Editor Foreword Source Type: research

Topics in Language Disorders Adopts Guidelines for Transparency and Openness Promotion in Journal Policies and Practices; Katharine G. Butler Trailblazer Award
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Editors' Note Source Type: research

From the Editors: Applying Evidence-Based Practices in School-Based Speech and Language Therapy
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: From the Editors Source Type: research

Nonfluent Primary Progressive Aphasia: Implications of Palliative Care Principles for Informing Service Delivery
Conclusion: Speech–language pathologist-led interventions, grounded in palliative care principles, can optimize communicative function and quality of life for persons with nfvPPA. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Continuing Education Instructions and Questions
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Instructions and Questions Source Type: research

A Great Run: Remembering Dr. Joel Stark (November 18, 1930–May 4, 2020)
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: In Memorium Source Type: research

A Human Rights Perspective on Palliative Care: Unraveling Disparities and Determinants Among Asian American Populations
Conclusion: A human rights framework emphasizing palliative and other end-of-life approaches to care may be inadequate to address unique considerations among diverse Asian American subgroups. Theorists and practitioners should incorporate practices of collectivist orientations and family contexts commonly found among these diverse communities. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Facilitating Client Ability to Communicate in Palliative End-of-Life Care: Impact of Speech–Language Pathologists
This article describes methods for implementing speech–language pathology communication consults in palliative or end-of life care. The information is illustrated with patient vignettes and supported by literature resources. Specific participation goals and outcomes illustrate the impact of the SLP treatment on the interprofessional team palliative care outcomes. Approaches to advocating for speech–language pathology communication consults in palliative end-of-life care are highlighted. Ongoing research and advocacy may result in valuable skilled speech–language pathology services for patients with commun...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Knowledge of Palliative Care and Advance Directives Among Speech–Language Pathology Students
This study utilized a participatory design approach for survey development to study student awareness and knowledge of select palliative care topics. Study results revealed SLP students' high exposure to the construct of quality of life, with notably limited knowledge of and exposure to palliative care and advance directives. Furthermore, SLP students frequently reported being familiar with a concept or term and yet were unable to explain the concept accurately. These data were analyzed and offer critical insights into curriculum design for training SLP students about palliative care. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Training Future Speech–Language Pathologists for Work in End-of-Life and Palliative Care
Speech–language pathologists often lack preparation for palliative care practice and this lack of training can lead to poor outcomes for patients. Lack of training can additionally lead to burnout and compassion fatigue in clinicians. Careful implementation of training is necessary to increase the knowledge base for palliative practice and careful attention must also be paid to the emotional component of end-of-life care. The history and current practice of palliative care education across health care disciplines are examined. Finally, a pilot study evaluating a course module on palliative and end-of-life care for sp...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Palliative Care and Speech–Language Pathologists: From Training to Practice
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Issue Editor Foreword Source Type: research

From the Editors: Palliative Care and Speech–Language Pathologists: From Training to Practice
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: From the Editors Source Type: research

Alternatives to Traditional Language Sample Measures With Emergent Bilingual Preschoolers
The aim of this article was to evaluate the use of alternatives to traditional language sample analysis (LSA) measures with bilingual preschool-aged children. A database of 184 bilingual preschool children, including children with developmental language disorder (DLD), was used in this study. The goals of the study were to establish the convergent validity between traditional language sample measures and alternative measures of clinician-observed and parent-reported longest utterance, compare groups across traditional and alternative measures, and establish to what extent alternative measures predict language status (typic...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Continuing Education Instructions and Questions
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Instructions and Questions Source Type: research

Language Sample Analysis of Writing in Children and Adolescents: Assessment and Intervention Contributions
This article offers a review of analytic writing measures in the LSA literature from perspectives that include developmental change, language ability differences, relation to quality ratings, practical utility, and effects of genre and task. Writing samples from two 12-year-old students, with and without a language disorder, are used to illustrate application of these measures and suggest potential instruction targets. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Language Sample Analysis With Bilingual Children: Translating Research to Practice
This article reviews and synthesizes the literature on LSA in order to provide guidance for clinicians seeking to utilize this tool with bilingual children. The focus is on oral narrative language samples, reflecting the currently available literature. The article reviews procedural considerations in eliciting and coding narratives with bilingual children and considers the evidence of effectiveness for different assessment purposes such as the identification of language disorders and the documentation of dual-language growth over time. Research findings are translated to clinical scenarios. Finally, gaps in the literature ...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Minimizing Variability in Language Sampling Analysis: A Practical Way to Calculate Text Length and Time Variability and Measure Reliable Change When Assessing Clients
This article focuses on sample length and time-based variability in the LSA literature and how it has been addressed through a scoping review. We then propose a method for estimating the effect of this common source of variability to allow determination of reliable change in individuals over time. Although some sources of variability are acknowledged in the research literature and clinical evidence-based practice, there has been no consistent method to account for these. The proposed method we present offers a means to address text length and time-based variability and materials and examples to facilitate its implementatio...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Assessing Expository Discourse Abilities Across Elementary, Middle, and High School
This article provides guidance to clinicians and educators on using language sample analysis (LSA) to assess the expository language abilities of students across grades. Focusing on microstructural and macrostructural characteristics and comparing with grade-level standards, clinicians can use LSA to assess a student's production and comprehension of academic language and to guide intervention planning. Example discourse samples are included, along with a brief discussion of how the LSA results for these samples can be used for intervention planning. Using curriculum-based materials, LSA in expository contexts can lead to ...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Using General Language Performance Measures to Assess Grammar Learning
Grammar is an important goal area for children with language impairment. The current article considers the use of General Language Performance Measures (GLPMs) to assess outcomes for this basic goal area and for 3 intermediate grammar goals that contribute to children's developing ability to construct increasingly longer and more complex sentences: production of word combinations, production of sentences with required and optional constituents, and production of complex sentences. These goals are very important because they address a significant deficit area for children with language impairment and enable these children t...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Language Sample Analysis: New and Neglected Clinical Applications
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Issue Editor Foreword Source Type: research

From the Editors: Language Sample Analysis: New and Neglected Clinical Applications
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - April 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: From the Editors Source Type: research

Continuing Education Instructions and Questions
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Instructions and Questions Source Type: research

Investigating Attentional Allocation With Eye Tracking During Category Learning in People With Aphasia
In this study, no differences were observed between individuals with aphasia and control participants on behavioral measures of accuracy and response time, though accuracies overall were lower than those of prior studies examining this task in young adults. Eye gaze data demonstrated that over the course of training, controls and individuals with aphasia learned to reduce the number of looks to the feature of lowest diagnosticity, suggestive of optimized attentional allocation. Eye gaze patterns, however, did not show increased looking or look times to all features of highest diagnosticity, which has been seen in young adu...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Word Learning in Aphasia: Treatment Implications and Structural Connectivity Analyses
Conclusions: Although the present results are preliminary, they open the possibility that novel word learning practice in aphasia may stimulate remaining word learning mechanisms in aphasia and thereby influence language and verbal STM abilities. These results also suggest that preservation of novel word learning ability in aphasia in part depends on the integrity of the left arcuate track. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Time Course of Priming in Aphasia: An Exploration of Learning Along a Continuum of Linguistic Processing Demands
This study investigates learning in aphasia as manifested through automatic priming effects. There is growing evidence that people with aphasia have impairments beyond language processing that could affect their response to treatment. Therefore, better understanding these mechanisms would be beneficial for improving methods of rehabilitation. This study assesses semantic and repetition priming effects at varied interstimulus intervals, using stimuli that are both nonlinguistic and linguistic in tasks that range from requiring nearly no linguistic processing to requiring both lexical and semantic processing. Results indicat...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Review of the Application of Distributed Practice Principles to Naming Treatment in Aphasia
It is uncontroversial in psychological research that different schedules of practice, which govern the distribution of practice over time, can promote radically different outcomes in terms of gains in performance and durability of learning. In contrast, in speech–language treatment research, there is a critical need for well-controlled studies examining the impact of distribution of treatment on efficacy. In this article, we enumerate key findings from psychological research on learning and memory regarding how different schedules of practice differentially confer durable learning. We review existing studies of aphas...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Identification of Key Therapy Ingredients for SLPs Serving on Multidisciplinary Teams Facilitating Return to Learn for Students With Prolonged Cognitive Effects After Concussion: A Retrospective Case Series Analysis
Conclusions: Overall, CDM results suggested that when working in a multidisciplinary team, SLPs can provide cognitive rehabilitation, support symptom reduction, and deliver psychoeducation potentially effective for students experiencing PCS. Key treatment and outcome measurement issues important for developing testable interventions are discussed. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Considering Principles of Learning in the Treatment of Acquired Communication Disorders
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Issue Editor Foreword Source Type: research

From the Editors: Considering Principles of Learning in the Treatment of Acquired Communication Disorders
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - January 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: From the Editors Source Type: research

Growing Up With Technology: Does the Device Go in the Middle?
This article discusses the impact of technology on contexts for communication and presents a progression from unaided AAC strategies to the use of aided systems for fostering expressive language skills and supporting participation. Augmentative and alternative communication strategies offer many possibilities in terms of access to communication; however, where a device is placed both physically and figuratively can make an important difference. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Continuing Education Instructions and Questions
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Instructions and Questions Source Type: research

AAC and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificially intelligent tools have given us the capability to use technology to address ever more complex challenges. What are the capabilities, challenges, and hazards of incorporating and developing this technology for augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)? Artificial intelligence (AI) can be defined as the capability of a machine to imitate human intelligence. The goal of AI is to create machines that can use characteristics of human intelligence to solve problems and adapt to a changing environment. Harnessing the capabilities of AI tools has the potential to accelerate progress in serving individuals with ...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Interacting With Persons Who Have ALS: Time, Media, Modality, and Collaboration via Speech-Generating Devices
In this study, the conversational partners were aware of, and sensitive to, the temporal–sequential demands of in-person interaction and the modality restrictions associated with SGD use. Clinical and device design recommendations are discussed. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Augmentative and Alternative Communication Technology Innovations to Build Skills and Compensate for Limitations in Adolescent Language
This article outlines applications of AAC technologies within those guiding priorities. In addition, the article outlines case examples in which adolescents with IDD and limited speech have benefited from AAC technologies to compensate for linguistic difficulties and build their language and communication skills. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Issue Editor Foreword: Augmentative and Alternative Communication Technology to Support Language Across the Lifespan
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Issue Editor Foreword Source Type: research

In Memoriam: Saga of a Trailblazer: Katharine G. Butler Founding Editor,: Topics in Language Disorders: March 15, 1925–June 17, 2019
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: In Memoriam Source Type: research

From the Editors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication Technology to Support Language Across the Lifespan
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: From the Editors Source Type: research

Continuing Education Instructions and Questions
No abstract available (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Instructions and Questions Source Type: research

A Comparison of Student and Parent Knowledge and Perceived Confidence About Brain Injury and Concussion
Discussion: Given similarities in TBI knowledge across groups, but that parents outpace students in concussion knowledge, parents may have greater exposure or heightened awareness of concussion information education opportunities. Lower confidence in students suggests an openness to education and opportunities for prevention of injuries. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Looking Beyond Test Results: Interprofessional Collaborative Management of Persistent Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
This article outlines several collaborative, process-oriented approaches to managing cognitive concerns subsequent to mTBI. The emphasis is on maximizing patient participation to guide clinical decision making and build self-efficacy. The authors are members of the Joint Committee on Interprofessional Relations Between the American Psychological Association (APA) and the American Speech–Language–Hearing Association (ASHA). (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Risk for Traumatic Brain Injury and Persisting Symptomatology in Elementary, Secondary, and University-Level Students: An International Perspective With the Greek Version of the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire
Conclusions: The BISQ-G is a valid tool for the identification of individuals with a prior history of TBI. Causes and symptoms of TBI were similar to those reported in the international literature. The article concludes with suggestions for TBI management in the schools. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Management and Recovery Patterns Following Sport-Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Male and Female College Athletes
We examined patterns in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) management and recovery exhibited by male and female athletes over the 19-year history of a Division 1 University Concussion Management Program. Methods: We examined 234 diagnosed mTBIs and compared time required to return to baseline on neurocognitive and self-report symptom measures for male and female athletes. Results: Males and females sustained 63.3% and 36.7% of mTBI, respectively. Athletes required on average 11.89 days to return to baseline on neurocognitive assessments and 11.83 days to report being symptom-free. There was a significant difference i...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evaluating Cognitive-Linguistic Deficits Postconcussion in Adults: Contributions of Self-Report and Standardized Measures
Discussion: Evaluation of cognitive-linguistic deficits postconcussion requires both self-report and standardized measurement; however, limitations of both tools exist. We discuss clinical implications for professionals selecting testing measures for use in this population. (Source: Topics in Language Disorders)
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - July 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research