Incorrect Rate Ratio in "Thursday Night Football's impact on all-cause injuries in NFL players during 2012 - 2017".
Incorrect Rate Ratio in "Thursday Night Football's impact on all-cause injuries in NFL players during 2012 - 2017". Phys Sportsmed. 2019 Oct 17;: Authors: Binney ZO PMID: 31622117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - October 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Increasing Hospital Admissions for Patellar Instability: a National Database Study from 2004-2017.
This study queried the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS). Patients with ICD 9 & 10 codes 8363, 8364, 71785, M221.0, S83.001, S83.002, S83.003, S83.004, S83.005, and S83.006, were abstracted from PHIS. We included all patients admitted with patellofemoral dislocations that were reported in the PHIS database between January 1, 2004 and April 30, 2017. The rate of patellar instability admissions was examined as well as demographic factors and insurance status. RESULTS: An estimated total of 25,413 admissions for patellar instability were identified by the search of the PHIS database; 15,444 (60.8%) were femal...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - October 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Current Concepts Review: Peripheral Neuropathies of the Shoulder in the Young Athlete.
Authors: John TS, Fishman F, Sharkey MS, Carter CW Abstract Peripheral neuropathies of the shoulder and upper extremity are uncommon injuries that may affect the young athletic population. When present, they can result in significant pain and functional impairment. The cause of peripheral neuropathy in young athletes may be an acute, traumatic injury such as a shoulder dislocation or a direct blow to the shoulder girdle. Alternatively, repetitive overuse with resultant compression or traction of a nerve over time may also result in neuropathy; overhead athletes and throwers may be particularly susceptible to this m...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - October 11, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Image Guidance Used for Large Joint and Bursa Injections; A Survey Study.
Authors: Cushman DM, Christiansen J, Kirk M, Clements ND, Cunningham S, Teramoto M, McCormick ZL Abstract Objectives: To determine the current rates of use of available image guidance modalities for large joint and bursal injections, in addition to their relationships to physician demographics. Methods: An electronic survey was sent to 3,400 members of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM), examining types of guidance used for each large joint and bursal injection. Results: A total of 674 sports medicine physicians responded to the survey. Intra-articular hip and glenohumeral joint injections wer...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 28, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Are Primary Care Physicians Ill Equipped To Evaluate And Treat Childhood Physical Inactivity?
Conclusion: While physicians report that PA evaluation is important in practice, behavior patterns surrounding time evaluating PA and treating childhood physical inactivity are discrepant. Pediatricians showed less favorable attitudes and effort surrounding PA compared to other primary care disciplines. The majority of physicians are unaware of physical inactivity diagnostic codes, have never made the diagnosis of childhood physical inactivity, and may not be receiving basic pediatric exercise science training required for evaluating and treating childhood physical inactivity. PMID: 31560577 [PubMed - as supplied by pu...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 28, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Improvement in Sleep Quality After Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.
Authors: Weinberg M, Mollon B, Kaplan D, Zuckerman J, Strauss E Abstract Objective: Poor sleep quality due to nocturnal pain is increasingly reported as a major symptom in advanced glenohumeral arthritis. The current study aimed to evaluate preoperative and postoperative sleep quality, shoulder pain, and function in patients who underwent total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Preoperative factors contributing to delayed improvements in sleep quality were examined. Methods: Patients scheduled for anatomic or reverse TSA due to glenohumeral arthritis were included. Patients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 24, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Non-disclosure in Irish Collegiate Student-athletes: Does Concussion History, Knowledge, Pressure to Play and Gender Impact Concussion Reporting?
CONCLUSION: Non-disclosure of concussions is common in this population. While gender, concussion knowledge and pressure to play does not seem to impact non-disclosure, a previous history of concussion increases the odds of concussion non-disclosure by 2.6 times. Thus, creating a positive concussion reporting culture in high-risk Irish collegiate sports is critical, particularly for those with a previous medically diagnosed concussion. Multifaceted strategies that incorporate the complexity of why athletes choose to not report a concussion targeted to the specific issues identified in this population and to all key stakehol...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Injection therapies for patellar tendinopathy.
Authors: Nuhmani S Abstract Patellar tendinopathy, or jumper's knee is a common musculoskeletal condition characterized by progressive activity-related pain on the anterior aspect of the knee and tenderness on the patellar tendon. A conservative method is often the first choice of treatment, which can include anti-inflammatory medication, injection therapies, physiotherapy, eccentric exercises, extra corporeal shock wave therapy, orthosis, etc. Although there are several treatment options available, the management of patellar tendinopathy is still controversial. The literature reveals many different injection metho...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Exertional Rhabdomyolysis and Causes of Elevation of Creatine kinase.
Authors: Bäcker HC, Busko M, Krause FG, Exadaktylos AK, Klukowska-Roetzler J, Deml M Abstract BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially fatal condition that can be triggered by a variety of inciting events, including excessive muscular exertion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes of creatine kinase elevation (CK≥1,000U/L) to determine what percentage result from exRML, the aetiology and kinetics of CK levels, as well as the complications of exRML and comorbidities that may predispose an individual to this condition. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the emergency...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment in Young Kayaker: A Case Report.
Authors: LiBrizzi CL, Rojas JL, Bontrager NC, Srikumaran U, McFarland EG Abstract Kayaking has become one of the most popular paddle sports throughout the world. The shoulder is the most commonly injured area of the body among kayaking participants as a result of acute traumatic events and chronic overuse injuries. Therefore, kayaking participants may often seek advice for shoulder problems and there is a scarcity of studies regarding shoulder injuries in this population. In this case report, we present a young male recreational whitewater kayaker with a severe suprascapular nerve (SSN) entrapment who presented wit...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - September 1, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Beach tennis injuries: a cross-sectional survey of 206 elite and recreational players.
Authors: Berardi M, Lenabat P, Fabre T, Ballas R Abstract OBJECTIVES: Although a million people regularly play beach tennis (BT) through the world there is no published information on BT injuries. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of BT injuries, and to identify differences between injured and non-injured players. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional epidemiology study of 206 BT players from Réunion Island describing the injuries occurring in BT. A questionnaire was developed to capture the type and chronicity of the injuries they had suffered over the prior three years....
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Practice patterns for the treatment of acute proximal hamstring ruptures.
CONCLUSION: Based on the practice patterns of the surgeons who completed the survey, there is continued disparity in the management of proximal hamstring avulsions. A lack of agreement exists with regards to surgical indications, operative technique and post-operative protocols. Most striking is the rate of non-operative treatment and perceived rate of poor outcomes within this cohort. Future research should focus on objective evaluation of non-operative management, and additional variables involved in surgical treatment and post-operative rehabilitation. PMID: 31322473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The ...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Awareness and Perceived Value of Eye Tracking Technology for Concussion Assessment among Sports Medicine Clinicians: A Multinational Study.
Conclusion: Even among sports medicine clinicians who regularly attend to patients with concussions, there is insufficient awareness that concussion can lead to abnormal eye tracking behavior. Lack of exposure to the sensitive eye tracking equipment may be a limiting factor for using eye movement metrics for concussion diagnostics.Facilitating the awareness of objective methods, like eye tracking technology, may help assure the appropriate continuum of identification and treatment for concussed athletes. Increasing educational opportunities and practical experience of clinicians regarding concussive symptoms and potential ...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Orthopedic treatment for open fracture of lower extremities and soft tissue defects in young children and rapid rehabilitation after operation.
Conclusions: Open fracture of the lower extremities commonly occur in the middle and lower segment of the tibia and fibula in children, and is usually combined with soft tissue injury. The correct treatment of fractures, and skin and soft tissue injuries, as well as the rapid rehabilitation of children, are the keys to achieving a good clinical effect. PMID: 31317807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Knee isokinetic muscle strength and balance ratio in female soccer players of different age groups: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: The greatest increases in muscular performance occur when the athlete starts practicing soccer (after U13) and when they become professional (after U17) and the balance ratios, and muscle balance ratios remain stable in all age groups, although they are below the recommended level in the literature, which may increase the risk for lower limb injury. PMID: 31307251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Part II: presentation, diagnosis, classification, treatment, and prevention of stress fractures in female athletes.
Conclusions: The ability to screen for at-risk athletes is paramount in preventing SFx. Recognition and prompt treatment of the female athlete triad requires a multidisciplinary approach in order to restore energy balance, correct menstrual irregularities, and improve bone health. This review provides a basis for understanding how to identify and treat stress fractures, which may allow treating physicians to diagnose this condition earlier and minimize any associated morbidity. PMID: 31295036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Performance-based Outcomes following Patellar Tendon Repair in Professional Athletes.
Authors: Nguyen MT, Hsu WK Abstract Objectives: There is limited data on the impact of a patellar tendon repair to a professional athlete's career. The purpose of this study was to determine differences return to play (RTP) rate, career length, and performance-based outcomes after a patellar tendon repair in professional athletes of 4 different sports. Methods: Participants met inclusion criteria if initial reports of the date and type of surgery were corroborated by at least 2 independent sources of information through a well-established protocol of public newspaper archives, team injury reports, and player profil...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - July 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Everything Pectoralis Major: From Repair to Transfer.
Conclusion: Nonoperative treatment is indicated for patients with medical comorbidities, older age, incomplete tears, or irreparable damage. Patients treated non-operatively have been shown to lose strength, but regain full range of motion. Patients with surgery before 6 weeks reported better outcomes than patients with surgery between 6-8 weeks. The chronicity of the rupture (>8 weeks) increases likelihood of reconstruction, involving the use of autografts or allografts. Patients treated with delayed repair had significantly better strength, satisfaction and outcomes than patients with nonoperative treatment. The pecto...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Influence of badminton practice on calcaneal bone stiffness and plantar pressure.
Conclusions: The calcaneal stiffness of the badminton players was higher than control group, which places badminton in the category of osteogenic sports. The badminton players showed an asymmetric pattern during the static balance, which may be an indicative of asymmetries derived from the continued practice of badminton. PMID: 31232640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Recovery After Volleyball: A Narrative Review.
Authors: Closs B, Burkett C, Trojan JD, Brown SM, Mulcahey MK Abstract Volleyball is a popular sport, but there has been little research to date investigating the recovery process. Volleyball involves short bouts of high intensity exertion, often with limited time to rest between matches. This literature review highlights the specific methods used to recover after playing volleyball and evaluates their effectiveness. Recovery strategies have been shown to increase performance and prevent injury. Specific techniques identified include nutritional strategies, proper sleep, mental and psychological techniques, cold wa...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Part I: Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Stress Fractures in Female Athletes.
Conclusion: This review provides a basis for how to identify populations at greatest risk for SFx. Prompt recognition of the intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for SFx in female athletes is imperative to early diagnosis and to develop targeted strategies to prevent SFx occurrence or recurrence. PMID: 31213104 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Women's Sports Medicine Programs in the United States: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Care of Girls and Women.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that nineteen Women's Sports Medicine Programs have been established in the United States. These programs address conditions known to have a higher incidence in the active female population, however the WSMPs are not solely geared towards the treatment of active female athletes. The information provided in this study can serve as a guide for the development of future WSMPs, as well as, future research studies regarding WSMPs. PMID: 31213108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Identifying a motivational process surrounding adherence to exercise and diet among adults with type 2 diabetes.
Authors: Laroche M, Roussel P, Cury F Abstract Objectives. This paper aims to provide physicians with knowledge about the motivational processes surrounding exercise and diet for patients with type 2 diabetes and to offer patient support measures to favor self-management. To respond to this objective, the links between two kind of motivators (i.e., promotion and prevention foci), the Selection, Optimization and Compensation (SOC) self-management strategy, and adherence to exercise and diet of patients with type 2 diabetes were investigated for the first time in the literature. Method. A cross-sectional study was co...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

What are the costs of glenohumeral osteoarthritis in the year prior to a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA)?
CONCLUSION: A high utilization of all health-care resource categories was noted within three months prior to surgery. Providers should consider a judicious use of such interventions, particularly in patients which ultimately require surgery in a short frame of time, to reduce the costs associated with the overall episode of care. PMID: 31213113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Adolescent combined hormonal contraceptives and surgical repair of anterior cruciate tears: a risky recommendation based on an unproven causal relationship.
Authors: Prior J, Whittaker JL, Scott AW Abstract A recent cross-sectional national USA registry of surgery to repair anterior cruciate ligament tears found that fewer adolescent women who reported using combined hormonal contraceptives (CHC) had the surgery. They reviewed a complex literature on ovarian steroidal relationships with connective tissues biology, physiology and clinical issues. They concluded, based on their data and that evidence shows the greatest gender imbalance for women's ACL injury during adolescence, that all adolescent athletic women should be treated with CHC to prevent ACL injury. We cautio...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Determining the utility of a smartphone-based gait evaluation for possible use in concussion management.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that sensors within a smartphone are capable of measuring spatio-temporal gait variables similar to a validated three-sensor inertial sensor system in single-task and dual-task conditions, and that data are reliable across a two-week time interval. A smartphone-based application might allow clinicians to objectively evaluate gait in the management of concussion with high ease-of-use and a relatively low financial burden. PMID: 31198074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Retrospective analyses must be interpreted cautiously. A reply to "Oral contraceptives provide protection against anterior crucial ligaments tears".
Retrospective analyses must be interpreted cautiously. A reply to "Oral contraceptives provide protection against anterior crucial ligaments tears". Phys Sportsmed. 2019 Jun 07;: Authors: Muggleton E, Muggleton T PMID: 31173531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 9, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Prevalence and patterns of shoulder injuries in major league baseball.
Conclusion: Shoulder injuries are prevalent in professional baseball. The overhead pitching motion puts the shoulder at risk and accounts for the high incidence of its injuries. PMID: 31173695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 9, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

The relationship between the functional movement screen, star excursion balance test and the Beighton score in dancers.
Conclusion: The FMS and the BS correlations highlighted the importance of the deep squat in functional movement and the relationship between FMS mobility elements and the BS. The significant correlation between the FMS and the BS may suggest that they capture similar information. The active straight leg raise and shoulder mobility measurements should be considered key elements to measure during screening. PMID: 31155993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 5, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Dual-task training on cognition and resistance training improved both balance and working memory in older people.
Conclusion: Dual-task interventions improved both balance performance and working memory, but more so if cognitive performance was specifically trained along with resistance training. PMID: 31155997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 5, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Brachial distal biceps injuries.
Authors: Krumm D, Lasater P, Dumont G, Menge TJ Abstract Distal biceps injuries are a relatively uncommon clinical condition that typically affect middle-aged males. They commonly occur due to an eccentric overload as the arm is forced from a flexed to extended position. Patients may experience an acute 'pop' and present with arm pain, swelling, and ecchymosis. Treatment options include nonoperative management or surgical repair. The aim of this concise review of distal biceps ruptures is to examine the relevant anatomy, clinical evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment options for these injuries. PMID: 31145659 [P...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - June 1, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Arthroscopic knotless tape bridging with autologous platelet-rich fibrin gel augmentation: functional and structural results.
Conclusion: In this preliminary study, the group treated with autologous PRP gel showed a trend towards better clinical and radiological results. These results were not significant at the last follow-up. Only significantly higher clinical results were found at 3 months. Study design: Therapeutic prospective comparative cohort study; Level of evidence III. PMID: 31136263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 30, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Variability in Rehabilitation Protocols Following Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction.
Conclusion: Few academic departments of orthopedic surgery or children's hospitals publish pediatric ACL reconstruction protocols online. Given the substantial variability observed amongst these protocols and recent findings that patients increasingly turn to the internet for medical information, this study suggests that standardization of pediatric ACL reconstruction rehabilitation has the potential to further optimize patient care. PMID: 31122097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and long-term cardiovascular risk in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis.
The objective of the study was to investigate the role of SB and PA as predictors for long-term CVD risk in RA patients. Methods: A subsample of 273 people diagnosed with RA was extracted from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and included in this cross-sectional study. Valid accelerometry data were categorized into sedentary behavior, very light, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Functional limitations were assessed using a physical function questionnaire. The Framingham risk score (FRS) was used to calculate 10-year CVD risk. Regression models were used to examine the relatio...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

A longitudinal analysis of morphological characteristics and body proportionality in young elite sprint paddlers.
Authors: López-Plaza D, Manonelles P, López-Miñarro PÁ, Muyor JM, Alacid F Abstract Introduction: There are certain anthropometric attributes common to most high-level paddlers and among the determinants for optimal performance consecution in senior categories. Objective: the present investigation aimed to determine the evolution of morphological characteristics of elite paddlers during adolescence and to compare them with the values exhibited by Olympic competitors. Methods: In a longitudinal study, thirteen young elite paddlers (seven boys and six girls) completed a battery of anthropo...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Implementation and effect of concussion education in collegiate women's ice hockey.
Conclusions: Not all NCAA women's ice hockey players are receiving (or recall receiving) mandated concussion education from their institution. The inverse association between concussion knowledge and concussion reporting behavior, while not statistically significant, is concerning and warrants further study. More work is needed to develop educational materials about concussion that are acceptable and memorable to this population, and that help increase concussion care seeking behaviors. PMID: 31131669 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

A review of concussion diagnosis and management in Australian professional sporting codes.
Conclusions: There is notable room for the development of concussion guidelines in Australian sport. Researchers and sporting organizations need to continuously amend current protocols to ensure this reflects best evidence-based practice. PMID: 31132020 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Hallux sesamoid fractures in young athletes.
Conclusion Diagnosis of sesamoid fractures can be challenging, but overall most patients do well with conservative treatment and are able to return to sports and activities. Providers should keep sesamoid fracture in the differential when evaluating patients with pain in the area around the base of the first toe, especially in dancers, gymnasts and runners. Understanding that the recovery from sesamoid fracture can be a prolonged process may help patients develop realistic expectations. PMID: 31109214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Assessment of musculoskeletal pain in dance focusing on dance-style related differences.
Authors: Lampe J, Groneberg DA, Borgetto B, Ohlendorf D, W.e EM Abstract OBJECTIVES: Pain in dance may be related to the high specific load on the musculoskeletal system caused by dance techniques. Up to the present, data on pain-relevant aspects considering the dance style as a contributing factor to pain occurrence in dance are still pending. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare dance-style specific pain with regard to prevalence, localization, subjective pain perception, duration, frequency, temporary dynamics and pain evaluation in dancers of the two popular dance styles (ballet and contemporary dan...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - May 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

The effects of sedentary behavior on memory and markers of memory function: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: There is conflicting evidence of the relationship between sedentary behavior and memory-related outcomes among children and adults. Future studies are needed to further disentangle these complex interrelationships. Such studies should also carefully consider how physical activity may or may not moderate these relationships. PMID: 31032693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 30, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Deformation of coracoacromial ligament during overhead movement as an early indicator of subacromial impingement in elite adolescent badminton players.
CONCLUSION: Increased coracoacromial ligament deformation during overhead movement is associated with shoulder pain in elite adolescent badminton players. Our findings may help clinicians identify athletes at risk of subacromial impingement syndrome. PMID: 31027445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 29, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Does brain-derived neurotrophic factor mediate the effects of exercise on memory?
CONCLUSION: In animal models, chronic exercise training robustly increases BDNF and improves memory performance, with reasonable evidence to also suggest that BDNF may mediate the exercise-memory interaction. These interrelationships, however, are less clear among humans. Future research among humans, in particular, are needed to evaluate the extent to which BDNF may mediate the relationship between exercise and memory. PMID: 31002004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Surgical management of type II superior labrum anterior posterior lesions: a review of outcomes and prognostic indicators.
Authors: Sullivan S, Hutchinson I, Curry EJ, Marinko L, Li X Abstract A Type II SLAP (superior labrum anterior posterior) lesion is a tear of the superior glenoid labrum with involvement of the long head of the biceps tendon insertion. In patients that does not improve with conservative treatment there is a great deal of variability in the surgical management of these injuries that includes arthroscopic SLAP repair, arthroscopic SLAP repair with biceps tenodesis, biceps tenodesis alone and biceps tenotomy. Each surgical technique has specific effects on a patient's postoperative course and functional recovery. Reha...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Racing weight and resistance training: perceptions and practices in trained male cyclists.
This study sought to investigate the perceptions and practices of achieving 'race weight' in a population of trained male cyclists. A secondary focus was to investigate the use of gym-based strength training, a possible attenuator of the side effects associated with weight reduction. METHODS: A total of n=97 well-trained cyclists ranging from local club level to international standard completed an online survey capturing data on the aforementioned topics. RESULTS: 49% of respondents indicated they were unsatisfied with their current bodyweight, with a similar percentage across club, national and international level...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Shock-wave therapy versus corticosteroid injection on lateral epicondylitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Authors: Xiong Y, Xue H, Zhou W, Sun Y, Liu Y, Wu Q, Liu J, Hu L, Panayi AC, Chen L, Yan C, Mi B, Liu G Abstract BACKGROUND: Shock-wave (SW) therapy has been widely promoted and proven to be effective in ameliorating symptoms of lateral epicondylitis (LE) during recent years. Corticosteroid (CS) injection is another common treatment of LE, and several researches have documented its significant effect in the treatment of LE. Despite this, few studies have focused on comparing the use of SW and CS in the treatment of LE. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess whether SW is superior to CS in managing LE, both in t...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Sport science applied to basketball refereeing: a narrative review.
CONCLUSION: Basketball referees' game-analysis showed an intermittent activity (~1:12 ratio of high-intensity effort/recovery). The YO-YO-IRT1 could be used as a specific fitness test to estimate their aerobic capacity. The referees' EE showed a "moderate energy intensity'' when expressed by metabolic equivalent (~5 METs). A specific training program should be prescribed for the referees, taking into consideration their age. The cognitive processes influencing basketball referees' decisions should be studied in further researches. PMID: 30942645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - April 5, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Oral contraceptives provide protection against anterior cruciate ligament tears: a national database study of 165,748 female patients.
Authors: DeFroda SF, Bokshan SL, Worobey S, Ready L, Daniels AH, Owens BD Abstract OBJECTIVE: ACL tears are more prevalent in females than males. One of the factors responsible for this may be the variation in levels of estrogen and progesterone. The purpose of this study was to determine the potentially protective effects of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) on ACL tears. METHODS: The PearlDiver database ( www.pearldiverinc.com , Fort Wayne, IN) was queried for all OCP users amongst females aged 15-49. Female experiencing an ACL tear and undergoing surgery (CPT 29888) were compared to a control group of females ...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - March 28, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Do Certificate of Need regulations impact total shoulder arthroplasty volumes and associated complication rates?
CONCLUSIONS: Where upheld, CON regulations contributed to a notable increase in the percentage of procedures performed in high-volume facilities, which in turn lead to a significant reduction in post-operative complications and LOS. Further study is necessary to definitely establish this relationship and the utility of CON regulations for the delivery of TSA care, particularly as it relates to clinical outcomes. PMID: 30880532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - March 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

The effect of surgical setting on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction outcomes.
CONCLUSION: ACLR performed in ASC is associated with reduced risk of venous thromboembolism and no difference in surgical morbidity and readmissions versus ACLR performed in HOPD. Development of a standardized algorithm for patient selection in the ASC setting is needed to preserve acceptability of ASC-based ACLR in cost-savings and patient safety models. PMID: 30848164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - March 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Thursday Night Football's impact on all-cause injuries in NFL players during 2012 - 2017.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests that eliminating Thursday Night Football is unlikely to improve the statistical injury rate among NFL players. PMID: 30848976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online)
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - March 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research