Current Evaluation of Thyroid Nodules
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1017-1031. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.006.ABSTRACTThyroid nodules may be discovered in a variety of settings. Familiarity with their management is important for medical specialists. Workup should start with history and physical examination, proceed to laboratory studies, and then to imaging. Nodules are selected for fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy based on imaging criteria. Most nodules can be accurately diagnosed on cytopathology, but some may require additional molecular testing to evaluate risk of malignancy. Patients with malignant lesions require additional investigation before ...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Elizabeth H Holt Source Type: research

Decision Making in Subclinical Thyroid Disease
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1033-1045. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.014. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTSubclinical thyroid disease is frequently encountered in clinic practice. Although overt thyroid dysfunction has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes, uncertainty remains about the implications of subclinical thyroid disease. Available data suggest that subclinical hypothyroidism may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite this finding, treatment with thyroid hormone has not been consistently demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular risk. Subclinical hyperthyroidism has been a...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Josh M Evron Maria Papaleontiou Source Type: research

Approach to the Patient with an Incidental Adrenal Mass
This article incorporates recent information to produce a logical, systematic assessment of these patients with risk stratification and proportionate follow-up.PMID:34688414 | DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.009 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Xin He Patricia R Peter Richard J Auchus Source Type: research

Primary Hyperaldosteronism: Approach to Diagnosis and Management
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1065-1080. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.007. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTHyperaldosteronism is a relatively more common disorder than previously recognized. Patients with hyperaldosteronism are at high risk for cardiovascular events. Patients suspected of having hyperaldosteronism should undergo initial screening and subsequent confirmatory testing to establish a biochemical diagnosis. Although adrenal computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging scans often define a disease's subtype, adrenal vein sampling, in order to determine lateralization, may be necessary in some patients who are surg...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nadine El-Asmar Aman Rajpal Baha M Arafah Source Type: research

What to Do with Incidentally Discovered Pituitary Abnormalities?
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1081-1098. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.015. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTPituitary incidentalomas are discovered in approximately 10% to 40% of brain images. A complete patient history, physical examination, and dedicated pituitary function testing are needed, and subsequent results should lead to appropriate patient management. However, most lesions are asymptomatic pituitary adenomas or Rathke cleft cysts with a benign course. Many lesions can be clinically significant, including prolactinomas or other pituitary adenomas that warrant specific pituitary disease treatment. In other cases, mass...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Fabienne Langlois Maria Fleseriu Source Type: research

Practical Approach to Hyperandrogenism in Women
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1099-1116. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.008. Epub 2021 Sep 8.ABSTRACTThe approach to hyperandrogenism in women varies depending on the woman's age and severity of symptoms. Once tumorous hyperandrogenism is excluded, the most common cause is PCOS. Hirsutism is the most common presenting symptom. The woman's concern about her symptoms plays an important role in the management of disease. Although measurement of testosterone is useful in identifying an underlying cause, care must be taken when interpreting the less accurate assays that are available commercially. Surgical resection is curati...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Anu Sharma Corrine K Welt Source Type: research

Update on Osteoporosis Screening and Management
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1117-1134. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.016. Epub 2021 Sep 8.ABSTRACTOsteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue leading to an increased risk of fragility fractures. Central dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements are the gold standard for determining bone mineral density. A well-balanced diet containing adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D, exercise, smoking cessation, and limited alcohol intake are important to maintain bone health. Pharmacologic agents should be recommended in postmenopausal women...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Anika K Anam Karl Insogna Source Type: research

Evaluation and Management of Elevated Parathyroid Hormone Levels in Normocalcemic Patients
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1135-1150. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.017. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTPrimary hyperparathyroidism is a common endocrine disorder. It used to present as a highly symptomatic disease before the advent of the multichannel autoanalyzer, now usually presenting as mild asymptomatic hypercalcemia. A newer presentation has been increasingly identified in the past two decades, normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism, presenting with elevated parathyroid hormone concentrations and consistently normal serum calcium. These patients are usually symptomatic, with parathyroid hormone levels measured in ...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Natalie E Cusano Source Type: research

Evolving Concepts of Type 2 Diabetes Management
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):955-966. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.003. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTWith the concept of patient-centered care in mind, this article outlines the current diabetes medications available for glucose lowering and the characteristics of each of these medications that need to be considered in shared decision-making for durable and effective therapy. Important patient characteristics such as weight, risk for hypoglycemia, cost, social determinants of health, and medical literacy need to be considered. The evidence-base informing the use of antihyperglycemic agents has changed dramatically due to 2...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Layla A Abushamat Jane E B Reusch Source Type: research

Continuous Glucose Monitoring for the Internist
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):967-982. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.004. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTContinuous glucose monitoring system is a convenient wearable device that provides glucose readings from the interstitial fluid every few minutes. Continuous glucose monitoring has revolutionized diabetes care. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus, regardless of the type of treatment regimen, can benefit from continuous glucose monitoring. Continuous glucose monitoring systems provide patients with diabetes and their providers with an ambulatory glucose report that summarizes and also gives gr...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Grace S Lee Beatrice C Lupsa Source Type: research

Treating the Chronic Disease of Obesity
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):983-1016. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.005.ABSTRACTObesity is a treatable chronic disease. Primary care providers play an essential role in diagnosis, treatment, and comprehensive care of patients with obesity. In recent years, treatment approaches have rapidly evolved, increasing effective and safe therapies. In this review, we provide practical information on the care of patients with obesity with a focus on antiobesity pharmacotherapy within the context of currently available therapeutic modalities such as intensive lifestyle interventions and bariatric surgery.PMID:34688422 | DOI:10.10...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mona Gossmann W Scott Butsch Ania M Jastreboff Source Type: research

From One Benchmark to Another
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):xv-xvi. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.004.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34688423 | DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.004 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jack Ende Source Type: research

Update in Endocrinology
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):xvii-xviii. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.003.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34688424 | DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.003 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Elizabeth H Holt Silvio E Inzucchi Source Type: research

Current Evaluation of Thyroid Nodules
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1017-1031. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.006.ABSTRACTThyroid nodules may be discovered in a variety of settings. Familiarity with their management is important for medical specialists. Workup should start with history and physical examination, proceed to laboratory studies, and then to imaging. Nodules are selected for fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy based on imaging criteria. Most nodules can be accurately diagnosed on cytopathology, but some may require additional molecular testing to evaluate risk of malignancy. Patients with malignant lesions require additional investigation before ...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Elizabeth H Holt Source Type: research

Decision Making in Subclinical Thyroid Disease
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1033-1045. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.014. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTSubclinical thyroid disease is frequently encountered in clinic practice. Although overt thyroid dysfunction has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes, uncertainty remains about the implications of subclinical thyroid disease. Available data suggest that subclinical hypothyroidism may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite this finding, treatment with thyroid hormone has not been consistently demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular risk. Subclinical hyperthyroidism has been a...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Josh M Evron Maria Papaleontiou Source Type: research

Approach to the Patient with an Incidental Adrenal Mass
This article incorporates recent information to produce a logical, systematic assessment of these patients with risk stratification and proportionate follow-up.PMID:34688414 | DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.009 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Xin He Patricia R Peter Richard J Auchus Source Type: research

Primary Hyperaldosteronism: Approach to Diagnosis and Management
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1065-1080. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.007. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTHyperaldosteronism is a relatively more common disorder than previously recognized. Patients with hyperaldosteronism are at high risk for cardiovascular events. Patients suspected of having hyperaldosteronism should undergo initial screening and subsequent confirmatory testing to establish a biochemical diagnosis. Although adrenal computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging scans often define a disease's subtype, adrenal vein sampling, in order to determine lateralization, may be necessary in some patients who are surg...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nadine El-Asmar Aman Rajpal Baha M Arafah Source Type: research

What to Do with Incidentally Discovered Pituitary Abnormalities?
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1081-1098. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.015. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTPituitary incidentalomas are discovered in approximately 10% to 40% of brain images. A complete patient history, physical examination, and dedicated pituitary function testing are needed, and subsequent results should lead to appropriate patient management. However, most lesions are asymptomatic pituitary adenomas or Rathke cleft cysts with a benign course. Many lesions can be clinically significant, including prolactinomas or other pituitary adenomas that warrant specific pituitary disease treatment. In other cases, mass...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Fabienne Langlois Maria Fleseriu Source Type: research

Practical Approach to Hyperandrogenism in Women
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1099-1116. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.008. Epub 2021 Sep 8.ABSTRACTThe approach to hyperandrogenism in women varies depending on the woman's age and severity of symptoms. Once tumorous hyperandrogenism is excluded, the most common cause is PCOS. Hirsutism is the most common presenting symptom. The woman's concern about her symptoms plays an important role in the management of disease. Although measurement of testosterone is useful in identifying an underlying cause, care must be taken when interpreting the less accurate assays that are available commercially. Surgical resection is curati...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Anu Sharma Corrine K Welt Source Type: research

Update on Osteoporosis Screening and Management
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1117-1134. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.016. Epub 2021 Sep 8.ABSTRACTOsteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue leading to an increased risk of fragility fractures. Central dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements are the gold standard for determining bone mineral density. A well-balanced diet containing adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D, exercise, smoking cessation, and limited alcohol intake are important to maintain bone health. Pharmacologic agents should be recommended in postmenopausal women...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Anika K Anam Karl Insogna Source Type: research

Evaluation and Management of Elevated Parathyroid Hormone Levels in Normocalcemic Patients
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):1135-1150. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.05.017. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTPrimary hyperparathyroidism is a common endocrine disorder. It used to present as a highly symptomatic disease before the advent of the multichannel autoanalyzer, now usually presenting as mild asymptomatic hypercalcemia. A newer presentation has been increasingly identified in the past two decades, normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism, presenting with elevated parathyroid hormone concentrations and consistently normal serum calcium. These patients are usually symptomatic, with parathyroid hormone levels measured in ...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Natalie E Cusano Source Type: research

Evolving Concepts of Type 2 Diabetes Management
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):955-966. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.003. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTWith the concept of patient-centered care in mind, this article outlines the current diabetes medications available for glucose lowering and the characteristics of each of these medications that need to be considered in shared decision-making for durable and effective therapy. Important patient characteristics such as weight, risk for hypoglycemia, cost, social determinants of health, and medical literacy need to be considered. The evidence-base informing the use of antihyperglycemic agents has changed dramatically due to 2...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Layla A Abushamat Jane E B Reusch Source Type: research

Continuous Glucose Monitoring for the Internist
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):967-982. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.004. Epub 2021 Sep 9.ABSTRACTContinuous glucose monitoring system is a convenient wearable device that provides glucose readings from the interstitial fluid every few minutes. Continuous glucose monitoring has revolutionized diabetes care. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus, regardless of the type of treatment regimen, can benefit from continuous glucose monitoring. Continuous glucose monitoring systems provide patients with diabetes and their providers with an ambulatory glucose report that summarizes and also gives gr...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Grace S Lee Beatrice C Lupsa Source Type: research

Treating the Chronic Disease of Obesity
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):983-1016. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.06.005.ABSTRACTObesity is a treatable chronic disease. Primary care providers play an essential role in diagnosis, treatment, and comprehensive care of patients with obesity. In recent years, treatment approaches have rapidly evolved, increasing effective and safe therapies. In this review, we provide practical information on the care of patients with obesity with a focus on antiobesity pharmacotherapy within the context of currently available therapeutic modalities such as intensive lifestyle interventions and bariatric surgery.PMID:34688422 | DOI:10.10...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mona Gossmann W Scott Butsch Ania M Jastreboff Source Type: research

From One Benchmark to Another
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):xv-xvi. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.004.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34688423 | DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.004 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jack Ende Source Type: research

Update in Endocrinology
Med Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;105(6):xvii-xviii. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.003.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34688424 | DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2021.09.003 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 24, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Elizabeth H Holt Silvio E Inzucchi Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research

CARRA: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance
Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Nov;47(4):531-543. doi: 10.1016/j.rdc.2021.07.010. Epub 2021 Sep 2.ABSTRACTThe Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) launched in 2000 as a small network of pediatric rheumatologists and investigators dedicated to promoting collaborative research to improve the care and outcomes of childhood-onset rheumatic diseases. Over the past 2 decades, CARRA has grown to become a major driver of advances in evidence-based medicine and career development in pediatric rheumatology. Its research approach has transformed pediatric rheumatology. CARRA is a vibrant organization that w...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert C Fuhlbrigge Laura E Schanberg Yukiko Kimura Source Type: research

Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.PMID:34635299 | DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2021.06.005 (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farzana Nuruzzaman Yongdong Zhao Polly J Ferguson Source Type: research

Robotic Surgery: At the Crossroads of a Data Explosion
CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is in evolution to a larger conceptual field of computationally enhanced surgery (CES). Various terms have been used in the literature including computer-assisted surgery or digital Surgery [Ranev and Teixeira in Surg Clin North Am 100:209-218, 2020]. With the growth of technological changes inherent in CES, the ability to validate these improvements in outcomes will require new metrics and analytic tools. This learning feedback and metric analysis will generate the new opportunities in simulation, training and application [Julian and Smith in Int J Med Robot 15:e2037, 2019].PMID:34635951 | DOI:...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - October 12, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tejinder P Singh Jessica Zaman Jessica Cutler Source Type: research