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In response to socioeconomic disparities and comorbidities, not race, affect salivary gland malignancy survival outcomes
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 22, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jaime A. Aponte ‐Ortiz, Alexandra J. Greenberg‐Worisek, Jeffrey R. Janus Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Perception and duration of pain after office ‐based vocal fold injection augmentation
ConclusionsThis is the first prospective study examining patient perception of pain during and after in‐office injection augmentation using a validated scale and pain descriptors with extended follow‐up. The results may offer guidance for patient counseling, consent, and treatment to improve tolerance and success. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 22, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Brianna K. Crawley, Salem Dehom, Emily Kutzner, Thomas Murry, Priya Krishna, Justin Hata Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Innervation status in chronic vocal fold paralysis and implications for laryngeal reinnervation
ConclusionChronic vocal fold paralysis is infrequently associated with absent motor‐unit recruitment, indicating some degree of preserved innervation and/or reinnervation in these patients. LEMG should be part of the routine workup for chronic VFP prior to consideration of LR. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 22, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Jun Lin, Libby J. Smith, Michael C. Munin, Shaum Sridharan, Clark A. Rosen Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Early ‐injection laryngoplasty may lower risk of thyroplasty: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
ConclusionOtolaryngologists should offer injection laryngoplasty to patients with a diagnosis of UVFP within 6 months of diagnosis (recommendation based on grade C evidence with a preponderance of benefit over harm). Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 22, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peter M. Vila, Neel K. Bhatt, Randal C. Paniello Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Table of contents
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Oblique thyroarytenoid muscle in humans: An independent muscle or an accessory belly?
ConclusionsWe proposed that the oblique TA muscle has a high prevalence and probably acts to close and relax the vocal cords. It remains to be determined whether the oblique TA muscle is an independent muscle or an accessory belly of the main TA muscle. Level of EvidenceNA Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 14, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shin ‐Hyo Lee, Ki‐Seok Koh, Wu‐Chul Song Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Clinical value of 4 ‐hour delayed gadolinium‐Enhanced 3D FLAIR MR Images in Acute Vestibular Neuritis
ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical significance of 4‐hour delayed‐enhanced 3.0 Tesla three‐dimensional (3D) fluid‐attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in acute vestibular neuritis. Study DesignA prospective observational study. MethodsTwenty‐nine vestibular neuritis patients were enrolled between January 2017 and June 2017. Vestibular function tests, comprising the caloric and video head impulse tests and vestibular‐evoked myogenic potential measurements, were performed. Precontrast, 10‐minute, and 4‐hour delayed‐enhanced 3D‐FLAIR MR images using double‐dose IV gadol...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hayoung Byun, Jae Ho Chung, Seung Hwan Lee, Chul Won Park, Dong Woo Park, Tae Yoon Kim Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research

How I Do It: Examining the value of an otology multidisciplinary team meeting
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Katherine Steele, Andrew Hall, Robert Nash, Ravi K. Lingam, Arvind Singh Tags: How I Do It Source Type: research

Long ‐term outcomes of cochlear implantation in patients with high‐frequency hearing loss
ConclusionResults demonstrate long‐term success of patients with high‐frequency hearing loss following Hybrid L24 (Cochlear) cochlear implantation. Benefits include speech perception abilities significantly better than those in the preoperative best‐aided condition, with additional benefit in those using electric‐acoustic stimulation in the implanted ear. Level of Evidence2b. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Thomas Roland, Bruce J. Gantz, Susan B. Waltzman, Aaron J. Parkinson Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research

Safety of high ‐current stimulation for intermittent intraoperative neural monitoring in thyroid surgery: A porcine model
ConclusionThis porcine study showed that applying a short‐duration, high‐current stimulus pulse to the VN or RLN during monitored thyroidectomy has no harmful effects. In clinical practice, a short duration of high‐current stimulus can be applied to facilitate neural mapping, especially in patients with disoriented nerve positions. Level of EvidenceNA. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: I ‐Cheng Lu, Pi‐Ying Chang, Gregory W. Randolph, Hsiu‐Ya Chen, Kuang‐Yi Tseng, Yi‐Chu Lin, Feng‐Yu Chiang, Che‐Wei Wu Tags: Thyroid/Parathyroid Source Type: research

Insulin resistance and the increased risk for smell dysfunction in US adults
ConclusionWe found a significant association between smell dysfunction and severe insulin resistance in older US adults. Our data suggests that insulin resistance may be mechanistically linked to loss of smell function. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jin ‐Young Min, Kyoung‐Bok Min Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Validity evidence as a key marker of quality of technical skill assessment in OTL –HNS
ConclusionWe present the validity evidence reported for 16 rater‐based tools that could be used for work‐based assessment of OTL–HNS residents in the operating room. The articles included in our review were consistently deficient in evidence for response process and consequences. Rater‐based assessment tools that support high‐stakes decisions that impact the learner and programs should include several sources of validity evidence. Thus, use of any assessment should be done with careful consideration of the context‐specific validity evidence supporting score interpretation, and we encourage deliberate contin...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mathilde Labb é, Meredith Young, Lily H.P. Nguyen Tags: General Otolaryngology Source Type: research

Hyoepiglottic ligament collagen and elastin fiber composition and changes associated with aging
ConclusionIncreasing age is associated with decreases in the collagen and elastin content of the hyoepiglottic ligament. Level of EvidenceNA. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Leslie E. Irvine, Zhi Yang, Eric J. Kezirian, Marcel E. Nimni, Bo Han Tags: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

Does perioperative skin preparation reduce surgical site infection?
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Margeaux Corby, Catherine Meller, Stephen Park Tags: Triological Society Best Practice Source Type: research

Diagnostic reliability of pretreatment biopsy in malignant nasoethmoidal tumors: A retrospective study of 77 cases
Objectives/HypothesisPretreatment biopsy is crucial in histology‐based management of malignant nasoethmoidal tumors, because misdiagnosis can lead to inadequate therapeutic planning. Factors influencing the reliability of biopsy were retrospectively investigated in a tertiary referral center. Study DesignRetrospective case series. MethodsAll patients who underwent biopsy, staging magnetic resonance, surgery, and histologic diagnosis for nasoethmoidal tumors in our hospital were retrospectively evaluated. Histologic discrepancy, histology, procedure for biopsy (biopsy under local anesthesia [OB], biopsy under local anesth...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alberto Schreiber, Vittorio Rampinelli, Marco Ferrari, Davide Mattavelli, Davide Farina, Simonetta Battocchio, Piero Nicolai Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Reducing rates of operative intervention for pediatric post ‐tonsillectomy hemorrhage
ConclusionsIn our pilot study, rates of rebleeding in patients observed for nonactive post‐tonsillectomy hemorrhage was not statistically different than those managed with initial operative exploration. Although preliminary in nature, our data suggest observation may have comparable safety and efficacy when compared to operative management for pediatric patients presenting with nonactive post‐tonsillectomy bleeding. Further data collection to establish an optimal management algorithm is ongoing. Level of Evidence4 Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rachel L. Whelan, Amber Shaffer, Martin E. Anderson, Jessica Hsu, Noel Jabbour Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Efficacy of type I thyroplasty after endoscopic cordectomy for early ‐stage glottic cancer: Literature review
ConclusionOptimizing voice after EC remains a clinical challenge. Our review suggests that thyroplasty is one potentially beneficial option in appropriately selected patients. More controlled studies are needed to assess efficacy of thyroplasty in this context. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Caitlin Bertelsen, Lindsay Reder Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Adjuvant radiation therapy improves patient survival in early ‐stage merkel cell carcinoma: A 15‐year single‐institution study
ConclusionsMCC is an aggressive tumor with a poor prognosis for survival especially in elderly patients. In this study, we found that RT during early‐stage MCC improves OS. Prospective randomized control trials are necessary to validate the observed benefit for MCC patients. Level of Evidence4 Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Albert Y. Han, Pratik B. Patel, Mitchell Anderson, Miguel F. P. Diaz, Robert Chin, Maie A. St. John Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research

Publication trends and levels of evidence in obstructive sleep apnea literature
Objectives/HypothesisExamine trends in clinical research and levels of evidence related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the medical literature. Describe the features and trends of OSA research within otolaryngology journals. Study DesignRetrospective analysis. MethodsReview of OSA research articles from 2006, 2011, and 2016 in four leading medical sleep and otolaryngology journals. Level of evidence was graded, and study characteristics were measured. ResultsSeven hundred eight total articles were reviewed. OSA articles significantly increased in both number and proportion of total articles in the medical sleep (P 
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Christopher J. Gouveia, Soroush Zaghi, Michael Awad, Macario Camacho, Stanley Y. C. Liu, Robson Capasso, Robert C. Kern Tags: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

Meta ‐analysis of subjective complaints of vertigo and vestibular tests after cochlear implantation
ConclusionCochlear implantation has a significant impact on subjective vertigo and vestibular receptor function. This is affected by the patient's age at the time of surgery. The surgical technique (round window or cochleostomy) may influence the outcome, but this requires further investigation. Younger patients may compensate better following vestibular dysfunction. Perioperative testing is required to correlate vestibular impairment and subjective complaints. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Toni H änsel, Ulrich Gauger, Nikolai Bernhard, Nina Behzadi, Maria Eugenia Romo Ventura, Veit Hofmann, Heidi Olze, Steffen Knopke, Ingo Todt, Annekatrin Coordes Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research

Esophagram findings in cervical esophageal stenosis: A case ‐controlled quantitative analysis
In this study, we measured esophagram diameters in order to establish a quantitative standard for defining cervical esophageal stenosis that requires surgical intervention. Study DesignSingle institution case‐control study. MethodsPatients with clinically significant cervical esophageal stenosis defined by moderate symptoms of dysphagia (Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale > 2 and Functional Oral Intake Scale 
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jacob West, Cherine H. Kim, Zachary Reichert, Priya Krishna, Brianna K. Crawley, Jared C. Inman Tags: Broncho ‐Esophagology Source Type: research

Economic evaluation of floseal compared to nasal packing for the management of anterior epistaxis
ConclusionsPrior studies have demonstrated Floseal to be an effective treatment for anterior epistaxis. In the Canadian healthcare system, Floseal treatment appears to be a cost‐effective treatment option compared to nasal packing for anterior epistaxis. Level of Evidence2c Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andre Le, Kednapa Thavorn, Andrea Lasso, Shaun J. Kilty Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Tracheoesophageal diversion and puncture operation for intractable aspiration: A case series
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Toshiro Umezaki, Kazuo Adachi, Naoko Matsubara, Yogaku Lee Tags: Broncho ‐Esophagology Source Type: research

Otolaryngology/head and neck region manifestations of Brucella
ConclusionsBrucella infection should be suspected in patients with nonspecific constitutional symptoms associated with neck lymphadenopathy or thyroid abscess, especially in those living in rural areas. A high index of suspicion is mandatory for proper diagnosis and treatment. Formal drainage and prolonged antibiotic treatments are required. We strongly recommend simple drainage and not excision as the mainstay of surgical treatment. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Anna Lazutkin, Maya Korem, Jeffrey M. Weinberger, Ron Eliashar, Nir Hirshoren Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research

Repair of high ‐grade posterior glottic stenosis: A novel criocarytenoid joint release technique
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mark Weidenbecher Tags: How I Do It Source Type: research

Case report: HPV ‐related carcinoma with adenoid cystic‐like features of the sinonasal tract
Human papillomavirus‐related carcinoma with adenoid cystic‐like features is a newly described histologic variant of sinonasal tract carcinoma. The implications of this sinonasal malignancy is still being evaluated. There are a limited number of cases reported in the literature, and thus we seek to further characterize this patient population and review the histologic features of this malignancy with the following two cases. The behavior of this entity is as yet uncertain. Laryngoscope, 2018 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Robert J. Chouake, Molly Cohen, Alfred ‐Marc Iloreta Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Autografting in the treatment of large, auricular keloids
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David M. Kowalczyk, J. Randall Jordan Tags: Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Jet ventilation in obese patients undergoing airway surgery for subglottic and tracheal stenosis
ConclusionsJet ventilation in obese patients can be done successfully, and complications are similar between obese patients and nonobese patients. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 00:000–000, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ramez Philips, Brad deSilva, Laura Matrka Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Intranasal tissue necrosis associated with opioid abuse: Case report and systematic review
ConclusionIntranasal opioid abuse is a prevalent condition associated with chronic pain and tissue necrosis that is clinically concerning for invasive fungal disease. Whereas IFRS must be excluded, even in patients without known immunodeficiency, complete resolution of symptoms can be expected following surgical debridement with cessation of opioid abuse. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Danielle A. Morrison, Sarah K. Wise, John M. DelGaudio, Naweed I. Chowdhury, Joshua M. Levy Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Unexpected prominent tension pneumosella five years after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery
Tension pneumosella (TP) is a rare entity reported as the invagination of the sphenoid sinus mucosa into the skull base after endonasal transsphenoidal surgery. Few studies have reported on TP, and in these studies, invagination is confined to either the intrasellar or suprasellar area. We encountered a case of unexpected prominent TP toward the intracranial space 5 years after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) for a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma. In addition, we present a hypothesis of the underlying mechanism by a pressure gradient change between the extracranial and intracranial space in TP formatio...
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tatsuma Matsuda, Kentaro Horiguchi, Yoshinori Higuchi, Toyoyuki Hanazawa, Yoshitaka Okamoto, Yasuo Iwadate Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Down syndrome and pediatric obstructive sleep apnea surgery: A national cohort
Objectives/HypothesisTo analyze the trend of sleep surgeries in pediatric patients with Down syndrome (DS) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and to compare this to nonsyndromic (NS) children with OSA. Study DesignRetrospective cohort database analysis. MethodsAnalysis of the 1997 to 2012 editions of the Kid's Inpatient Database was conducted. Using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes, all patients with OSA were identified, and subsequently, subgroups of NS children and children with DS were identified. Trends of the number and types of sleep surgeries were analyzed. ResultsA total of 48,301 and ...
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Adrian A. Ong, Carlyn M. Atwood, Shaun A. Nguyen, Ronald J. Teufel, Chitra Lal, Angela C. LaRosa, David R. White Tags: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

TSR2 Induces laryngeal cancer cell apoptosis through inhibiting NF ‐κB signaling pathway
ConclusionsThe results indicated that TSR2‐induced apoptosis was mediated by inhibiting the NF‐κB signaling pathway, which may provide an effective target in gene therapy for LSCC. Level of EvidenceNA Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hong ‐Jiang He, Han Bing, Guijun Liu Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research

Aggregating the symptoms of superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome
ConclusionsThis systematic review of symptoms reported by patients with SCDS identified a 22‐item common symptom set. These items can be used to create an evidence‐based patient‐reported outcome measure to evaluate health‐related quality of life in SCDS. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Laura Naert, Raymond Berg, Paul Heyning, Alexandre Bisdorff, Jeffrey D. Sharon, Bryan K. Ward, Vincent Rompaey Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

The effects of concurrent chemoradiation therapy to the base of tongue in a preclinical model
ConclusionsThe current study is the first to describe a preclinical model of CCRT to the head and neck with an emphasis on clinical relevance. Tongue strength decreased at 2 weeks and 5 months post‐CCRT. Tongue displacement increased only at 5 months post‐CCRT. Fibrosis was not detected, implicating alternative causative factors for these findings. Level of EvidenceNA Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peter A. Benedict, Ryan Ruiz, Avanti Verma, Gregory R. Dion, Philmo Oh, Binhuan Wang, Omar H. Ahmed, Nao Hiwatashi, Renjie Bing, Kristen Victor, Kenneth S. Hu, Aaron Johnson, Ryan C. Branski, Milan R. Amin Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research

Is deep plane rhytidectomy superior to superficial musculoaponeurotic system plication facelift?
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jacqueline A. Wulu, Jeffrey H. Spiegel Tags: Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

Silent aspiration: Who is at risk?
ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of silent aspiration in pediatric patients and identify which diagnoses may be associated with this finding. MethodsAn institutional review board‐approved retrospective review was conducted for all patients under the age of 18 who underwent modified barium swallow (MBS) studies at a tertiary children's hospital in 2015. Speech‐language pathologists reviewed MBS studies to identify aspiration/silent aspiration on each fluid consistency tested. Charts were reviewed to collect demographic information and the otolaryngologic, neurologic, genetic, and syndromic diagnoses of each patient....
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Priatharisiny Velayutham, Alexandria L. Irace, Kosuke Kawai, Pamela Dodrill, Jennifer Perez, Monica Londahl, Lauren Mundy, Natasha D. Dombrowski, Reza Rahbar Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research

National trends in primary tracheoesophageal puncture after total laryngectomy
The objectives of this study were to assess national trends in primary TEP and identify factors associated with its use. Study DesignRetrospective review. MethodsRetrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2010 to 2014 was performed. The NIS was queried for patients who underwent total laryngectomy (TL) (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD‐9‐CM] 30.3–30.4) and primary TEP (ICD‐9‐CM 31.95). Patient demographics, comorbidities, and factors known to influence the decision to perform TEP were characterized. Factors associated with primary T...
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rosh K. V. Sethi, Daniel G. Deschler Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research

Tongue motion variability with changes of upper airway stimulation electrode configuration and effects on treatment outcomes
Objectives/HypothesisUpper airway stimulation (UAS) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous data have demonstrated a correlation between the phenotype of tongue motion and therapy response. Closed loop hypoglossal nerve stimulation implant offers five different electrode configuration settings which may result in different tongue motion. Study DesignTwo‐center, prospective consecutive trial in a university hospital setting. MethodsClinical outcomes of 35 patients were analyzed after at least 12 months of device use. Tongue motion was assessed at various electrode configuration settings. Corr...
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Armin Steffen, Ayse Kilic, Inke R. K önig, Maria V. Suurna, Benedikt Hofauer, Clemens Heiser Tags: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

The Crosscourt Draf IIb Procedure for Advanced, Refractory Frontal Sinus, and Nasal Septum Pathology
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Garret Choby, Jayakar V. Nayak Tags: How I Do It Source Type: research

In reference to should infants who fail their newborn hearing screen undergo cytomegalovirus testing?
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 21, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Soren Gantt, David M. Goldfarb, Francois Dionne, Dennis Bulman, Sara Menlove Doutr é Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Prevention of tracheal inflammation and fibrosis using nitinol stent coated with doxycycline
ConclusionA nitinol stent coated with doxycycline showed favorable effects in reducing tracheal inflammation and fibrosis in a rabbit model. Further research is required to study the beneficial effects of local application of doxycycline for prevention of tracheal stenosis. Level of EvidenceNA. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jeong ‐Seok Choi, Jeong‐Mi Kim, Ji‐Won Kim, Young‐Mo Kim, In Suh Park, Su‐Geun Yang Tags: Broncho ‐Esophagology Source Type: research

Table of contents
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Danish validation of sniffin' sticks olfactory test for threshold, discrimination, and identification
ConclusionThe original Sniffin' Sticks (Burghart Messtechnik) was not applicable in Denmark. The modification resulted in improvement of familiarity and rate of I, making the test valid for use in Denmark. Furthermore, the study found a large variation in T and D scores between different countries, which should be considered when using these scores to separate hyposmia and anosmia from normosmia. Level of Evidence2b. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andreas Steenholt Niklassen, Therese Ovesen, Henrique Fernandes, Alexander Wieck Fjaeldstad Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Factors affecting survival and locoregional control in head and neck cSCCA with nodal metastasis
ConclusionThe presence of ECS in the metastatic lymph node and of bone invasion by the primary tumor appear to be important to the outcome of patients with metastatic cSCCA. These factors should be considered when developing multidisciplinary care plans and future investigations. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Francis Creighton, Alice Lin, Erica Leavitt, Derrick Lin, Dan Deschler, Kevin Emerick Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research

The diagnostic pathway of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in a large U.S. healthcare system
ConclusionThe overall diagnostic process was efficient, although initial antibiotic treatment resulted in longer time to first otolaryngology visit. Tumor HPV status was associated with presenting findings but not time to diagnosis. The variation in diagnostic delay time and impact on survival outcomes is unknown and merits further investigation. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jason Gilde, Brian Song, Farzad Masroor, Jeanne A. Darbinian, Miranda L. Ritterman Weintraub, James Salazar, Eleanor Yang, Deepak Gurushanthaiah, Kevin H. Wang Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research

The effectiveness of platelet ‐rich plasma in an anosmia‐induced mice model
In this study, we aimed to functionally and morphologically demonstrate the effectiveness of platelet‐rich plasma (PRP) on anosmia in a mouse model of anosmia. Study DesignAnimal study. MethodsA total of 16 male mice were included. When selecting the mice, the food‐finding test (FFT) was used to make sure that the animals could smell, and anosmia was induced by administration of intraperitoneal 3‐methylindole. The mice were randomly divided into two groups of eight (groups A and B). After 1 week, topical PRP was administered to the mice in group A and topical saline was administered to the mice in group B. The FFT wa...
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ahmet Gorkem Yasak, Ozgur Yigit, Ela Araz Server, Sevgi Durna Dastan, Mehmet Gul Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research

Differential impact of tongue exercise on intrinsic lingual muscles
ConclusionsThe impact of exercise varied among the tongue muscles, which may indicate different functional contributions to the tongue exercise task. Level of EvidenceNA Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Miranda J. Cullins, Brittany N. Krekeler, Nadine P. Connor Tags: Broncho ‐Esophagology Source Type: research

Viscoelastic properties of human aryepiglottic fold and ventricular fold tissues at phonatory frequencies
ConclusionThe false vocal fold and aryepiglottic fold mucosa showed similar frequency dependence and a similar range of tissue viscoelastic behavior as the true vocal fold. These preliminary findings suggested that such tissues could become candidates for the replacement of the true vocal fold lamina propria in patients with significant tissue loss and deficiencies, for those requiring laryngeal reconstruction following partial laryngectomy or airway reconstruction. Level of EvidenceNA. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - December 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Miwako Kimura, Roger W. Chan Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research