The Inner Level, Richard Wilkinson, Kate Pickett. Penguin Random House (2018), £20., ISBN: 978-1-846-14741-8
Publication date: December 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 12Author(s): Talha Burki (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Integrated care for people with long-term mental and physical health conditions in low-income and middle-income countries
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Graham Thornicroft, Shalini Ahuja, Sarah Barber, Daniel Chisholm, Pamela Y Collins, Sumaiyah Docrat, Lara Fairall, Heidi Lempp, Unaiza Niaz, Vicky Ngo, Vikram Patel, Inge Petersen, Martin Prince, Maya Semrau, Jürgen Unützer, Huang Yueqin, Shuo ZhangSummaryIntegrated care is defined as health services that are managed and delivered such that people receive a continuum of health promotion, disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, disease management, rehabilitation, and palliative care services, coordinated across the differe...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Transcendental Meditation and treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Vernon Anthony Barnes (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Non-trauma-focused meditation versus exposure therapy in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder: a randomised controlled trial
This study aimed to compare the non-trauma-focused practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) with prolonged exposure therapy (PE) in a non-inferiority clinical trial, and to compare both therapies with a control of PTSD health education (HE).MethodsWe did a randomised controlled trial at the Department of Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System in CA, USA. We included 203 veterans with a current diagnosis of PTSD resulting from active military service randomly assigned to a TM or PE group, or an active control group of HE, using stratified block randomisation. Each treatment provided 12 sessions over 12 weeks, with d...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Breaking the silence
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Jules Morgan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The economic case for deinstitutionalisation in post-communist Europe
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Christopher J Gerry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health in Northern Ireland: an urgent situation
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Siobhan O'Neill, Nichola Rooney (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of care for people with psychosis in the community and psychiatric hospitals in the Czech Republic: an economic analysis
This study provides economic evidence for deinstitutionalisation by showing that discharge to community care is cost-effective compared with care in psychiatric hospitals in the Czech Republic. These findings add to the human rights and clinical-based arguments for mental health-care reforms in central and eastern Europe.FundingMinistry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic; EEA and Norway Grants. (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Baclofen for the treatment of alcohol use disorder: the Cagliari Statement
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Roberta Agabio, Julia MA Sinclair, Giovanni Addolorato, Henri-Jean Aubin, Esther M Beraha, Fabio Caputo, Jonathan D Chick, Patrick de La Selle, Nicolas Franchitto, James C Garbutt, Paul S Haber, Mathis Heydtman, Philippe Jaury, Anne R Lingford-Hughes, Kirsten C Morley, Christian A Müller, Lynn Owens, Adam Pastor, Louise M Paterson, Fanny Pélissier (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Baclofen and alcohol in France – Authors' reply
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Roberta Agabio, Julia MA Sinclair, Lorenzo Leggio, Cagliari group (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Baclofen and alcohol in France
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Florian Naudet, Alain Braillon (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rush: Revolution, Madness, and the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father, Stephen Fried. Crown/Penguin Random House (2018), 608, US$30.00, ISBN: 9780804140065
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Lloyd Sederer (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Compulsory community treatment to reduce readmission to hospital and increase engagement with community care in people with mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Phoebe Barnett, Hannah Matthews, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Euan Mackay, Stephen Pilling, Sonia JohnsonSummaryBackgroundCompulsory community treatment (CCT) aims to reduce hospital readmissions among people with mental illness. However, research examining the usefulness of CCT is inconclusive. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of CCT in reducing readmission and length of stay in hospital and increasing community service use and treatment adherence.MethodsFor this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched three databases (PsycINFO,...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

New data to support much needed policy change
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Shekhar Saxena (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mixed up: alcohol and society
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Catherine Gray (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The global burden of disease attributable to alcohol and drug use in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Louisa Degenhardt, Fiona Charlson, Alize Ferrari, Damian Santomauro, Holly Erskine, Ana Mantilla-Herrara, Harvey Whiteford, Janni Leung, Mohsen Naghavi, Max Griswold, Jürgen Rehm, Wayne Hall, Benn Sartorius, James Scott, Stein Emil Vollset, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Josep Maria Haro, George Patton, Jacek Kopec, Deborah Carvalho MaltaSummaryBackgroundAlcohol and drug use can have negative consequences on the health, economy, productivity, and social aspects of communities. We aimed to use data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuri...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Compulsory community treatment: beyond randomised controlled trials
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Feras Ali Mustafa (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrections
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Memory boundaries: opening a window inspired by reconsolidation to treat anxiety, trauma-related, and addiction disorders
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Marie H Monfils, Emily A HolmesSummaryPioneering research over the past two decades has shown that memories are far more malleable than we once thought, thereby highlighting the potential for new clinical avenues for treatment of psychopathology. We first briefly review the historical foundation of memory reconsolidation—a concept that refers to hypothetical processes that occur when a memory is retrieved and restored. Then, we provide an overview of the basic research on memory reconsolidation that has been done with humans and...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Franco Basaglia: a revolutionary reformer ignored in Anglophone psychiatry
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Tom Burns (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diversity and inclusion: from priority setting to publication
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): The Lancet Psychiatry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unbalanced risk-benefit analysis of ADHD drugs
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Erlend G Faltinsen, Christian Gluud, Erik Simonsen, Morris Zwi, Ole Jakob Storebø (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unbalanced risk-benefit analysis of ADHD drugs
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Shuai Wang, Yi Zheng (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unbalanced risk-benefit analysis of ADHD drugs
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): John B Warren (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treating comorbid depression and personality disorders in DSM-5 and ICD-11
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Bo Bach (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treating comorbid depression and personality disorders in DSM-5 and ICD-11 – Author's reply
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Henricus L Van, Marit Kool (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

#SwitchedOn: a call for assessing social media use of adolescents
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Reem M A Shafi, Magdalena Romanowicz, Paul E Croarkin (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Research round-up
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Seema Kang (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increase in detentions in the UK under the Mental Health Act
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Talha Burki (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Vanessa Pinfold: expertise for better mental health research
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Jules Morgan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

And I feel fine: Melancholia
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Laura Thomas (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Looking good
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Erica Crompton (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unbalanced risk-benefit analysis of ADHD drugs – Authors' reply
Publication date: November 2018Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 5, Issue 11Author(s): Andrea Cipriani, Nicoletta Adamo, Cinzia Del Giovane, David Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, Chris Hollis, Alessandro Zuddas, Emily Simonoff, Samuele Cortese (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rheumatoid arthritis and depression: an inflammatory perspective
Publication date: Available online 23 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Louis Nerurkar, Stefan Siebert, Iain B McInnes, Jonathan CavanaghSummaryThe coexistence of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases with depression has long been recognised. Data that illustrate the intimate associations between peripheral and brain immune responses raise the possibility of shared pathophysiological mechanisms. These associations include the negative effects of proinflammatory cytokines on monoaminergic neurotransmission, neurotrophic factors, and measures of synaptic plasticity. The evidence supporting this association ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Terrorism and post-traumatic stress disorder: a historical review
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Bill Durodié, David WainwrightSummaryTerror is a psychological state. Historically, most studies of terrorism focused on its societal purpose and structural consequences rather than mental health effects. That emphasis began to change shortly before the Sept 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. A vast expansion of research into post-traumatic stress disorder accompanied revisions to the classification of mental health disorders. The effect of terrorist incidents on those people now deemed vulnerable, both directly and indirectly, was a...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How to inform the public about protective actions in a nuclear or radiological incident: a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Louis Gauntlett, Richard Amlôt, G James RubinSummaryStudying how the public behaves after a nuclear emergency will help to assess overall morbidity and mortality. Pre-event education might help to shape behaviour, but how best to engage people with emergency communications for low likelihood, high-impact events is unknown. We did a systematic review to identify factors that predict behaviour in preparation for a nuclear incident, factors that predict behaviour in the immediate aftermath of a nuclear incident, and preferences amo...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-harm in older adults: room to improve clinical care
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Rebecca Mitchell (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-harm in a primary care cohort of older people: incidence, clinical management, and risk of suicide and other causes of death
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M AshcroftSummaryBackgroundSelf-harm is a major risk factor for suicide, with older adults (older than 65 years) having reportedly greater suicidal intent than any other age group. With the aging population rising and paucity of research focus in this age group, the extent of the problem of self-harm needs to be established. In a primary care cohort of older adults we aimed to investigate the incidence of self-harm, subseq...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Minocycline as a treatment for schizophrenia: is the discussion truly finished?
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Taishiro Kishimoto, Toshiro Horigome, Akihiro Takamiya (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The benefit of minocycline on negative symptoms of schizophrenia in patients with recent-onset psychosis (BeneMin): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
This study is registered as an International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial, number ISRCTN49141214, and the EU Clinical Trials register (EudraCT) number is 2010-022463-35I.FindingsBetween April 16, 2013, and April 30, 2015, we recruited 207 people and randomly assigned them to receive minocycline (n=104) or placebo (n=103). Compared with placebo, the addition of minocycline had no effect on ratings of negative symptoms (treatment effect difference −0·19, 95% CI −1·23 to 0·85; p=0·73). The primary biomarker outcomes did not change over time and were not affected by minocycline. ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Curtailing the communicability of psychiatric disorders
We present evidence of the communicability of psychiatric disorders through three major pathways: infectious and ecological, familial, and sociocultural communicability. Successful strategies developed to control the spread of communicable infectious diseases are relevant to curtailing the communicability of psychiatric disorders, thereby reducing their burden. Current interventions and policies that conceptualise psychiatric illnesses as non-communicable mostly focus on the individual. By applying strategies from infectious disease and chronic illness prevention models within a socioecological framework, we posit a broad ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Global mental health and the ambition to end AIDS by 2030
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Melanie Abas, Conall O'Cleirigh (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ethical challenges in global mental health clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Catherine Carlson, Annika Sweetland, Milton Wainberg (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The paranoia as defence model of persecutory delusions: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Philip Murphy, Richard P Bentall, Daniel Freeman, Suzanne O'Rourke, Paul HuttonSummaryBackgroundAn influential psychological model of persecutory delusions proposed that they are caused by a bias towards holding others responsible for negative events (an externalising attributional bias), preventing the individual from becoming aware of underlying low self-esteem. An early version of the model predicted self-esteem would, therefore, be preserved in people with these delusions, but a later version suggested it would be unstable, and tha...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is the paranoia as defence model of persecutory delusions defensible?
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Frances Shawyer (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The handed-down Crucible: an inheritance of witches
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Kelley Swain (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Extra-axial cerebrospinal fluid in high-risk and normal-risk children with autism aged 2–4 years: a case-control study
In this study, we aimed to establish whether increased extra-axial CSF volume is found in a large, independent sample of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, whether extra-axial CSF remains abnormally increased beyond infancy, and whether it is present in both normal-risk and high-risk children with autism.MethodsIn this case-control MRI study, children with autism spectrum disorder or with typical development aged 2–4 years were recruited from the community to the UC Davis MIND Institute Autism Phenome Project, based in Sacramento, CA, USA. The autism spectrum disorder group comprised children with auti...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anatomical brain abnormalities and early detection of autism
Publication date: Available online 27 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Ilan Dinstein, Ilan Shelef (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research