Relative age within the school year and diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a nationwide population-based study
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Kapil Sayal, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Petteri Joelsson, Andre Sourander Background Findings are mixed on the relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age in the school year. We aimed to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis in a country where prescribing rates are low and whether any such association has changed over time or relates to comorbid disorders (eg, conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], or learning dis...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subcallosal cingulate deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant depression: a multisite, randomised, sham-controlled trial
This study confirmed the safety and feasibility of subcallosal cingulate DBS as a treatment for treatment-resistant depression but did not show statistically significant antidepressant efficacy in a 6-month double-blind, sham-controlled trial. Future studies are needed to investigate factors such as clinical features or electrode placement that might improve efficacy. Funding Abbott (previously St Jude Medical). (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Deciphering deep brain stimulation for depression
Publication date: Available online 4 October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Mahendra T Bhati, Casey H Halpern (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

No doubts about dementia advocacy
Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): William T Hu (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - October 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The WPA-Lancet Psychiatry Commission on the Future of Psychiatry
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Dinesh Bhugra, Allan Tasman, Soumitra Pathare, Stefan Priebe, Shubulade Smith, John Torous, Melissa R Arbuckle, Alex Langford, Renato D Alarcón, Helen Fung Kum Chiu, Michael B First, Jerald Kay, Charlene Sunkel, Anita Thapar, Pichet Udomratn, Florence K Baingana, Dévora Kestel, Roger Man Kin Ng, Anita Patel, Livia De Picker, Kwame Julius McKenzie, Driss Moussaoui, Matt Muijen, Peter Bartlett, Sophie Davison, Tim Exworthy, Nasser Loza, Diana Rose, Julio Torales, Mark Brown, Helen Christensen, Joseph Firth, Matcheri Kesh...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Your loving mother: the films of Chantal Akerman
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Laura Thomas (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Red
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Kelley Swain (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dinesh Bhugra: sunken hearts and attics of mind
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Dara Mohammadi (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mapping mental health priorities in London with real-world data
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Antonis A Kousoulis, Isabella Goldie (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

mHealth: bridging the mental health gap in central and eastern Europe
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Aaron Poppleton, Nadeem Gire (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Institutional discrimination against psychiatric patients in Poland
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Jacek Gierus, Anna Mosiołek, Tytus Koweszko, Agata Szulc (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The future of psychiatry in Africa —thinking outside the box
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Dixon Chibanda (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Renegotiating the contract
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Sarah Carr (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

More than one scenario exists for the future of psychiatry
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): Norman Sartorius (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

New wave
Publication date: October 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 10 Author(s): The Lancet Psychiatry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Making visible the invisible: Aboriginal forensic mental health
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Michael Wright, Sophie Davison, Edward Petch (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Initial symptom severity of bipolar I disorder and the efficacy of olanzapine: a meta-analysis of individual participant data from five placebo-controlled studies
We examined the association between baseline and change scores on the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS; range 0–60) up to 3 weeks for olanzapine versus placebo groups using eight increasingly complex competing mixed-effects models for repeated measures. Findings We identified 33 reports, five (15%) of which were eligible and contained data for 939 patients (552 received olanzapine; 387 received placebo). The interaction between baseline severity and treatment was significant (β=0·22, 95% CI 0·05–0·39; p=0·013). The greater the baseline severity, the greater the magnitude of the di...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Individualising therapy using individual participant data
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Gin S Malhi (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

General hospital costs in England of medical and psychiatric care for patients who self-harm: a retrospective analysis
In this study, we aimed to calculate the costs of hospital medical care associated with a self-harm episode and the costs of psychosocial assessment, together with identification of the key drivers of these costs. Methods In a retrospective analysis, we estimated hospital resource use and care costs for all presentations for self-harm to the John Radcliffe Hospital (Oxford, UK), between April 1, 2013, and March 31, 2014. Episode-related data were provided by the Oxford Monitoring System for Self-harm and we linked these with financial hospital records to quantify costs. We assessed time and resources allocated to psychosoc...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How should cost-of-illness studies be interpreted?
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Brendan Kennelly (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effects of improving sleep on mental health (OASIS): a randomised controlled trial with mediation analysis
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Daniel Freeman, Bryony Sheaves, Guy M Goodwin, Ly-Mee Yu, Alecia Nickless, Paul J Harrison, Richard Emsley, Annemarie I Luik, Russell G Foster, Vanashree Wadekar, Christopher Hinds, Andrew Gumley, Ray Jones, Stafford Lightman, Steve Jones, Richard Bentall, Peter Kinderman, Georgina Rowse, Traolach Brugha, Mark Blagrove, Alice M Gregory, Leanne Fleming, Elaine Walklet, Cris Glazebrook, E Bethan Davies, Chris Hollis, Gillian Haddock, Bev John, Mark Coulson, David Fowler, Katherine Pugh, John Cape, Peter Moseley, Gary Brown, Claire Hu...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep improvement by internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy might help prevent mental health disorders
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Can functional connectivity diagnose autoantibody-associated encephalitides?
Publication date: Available online 4 September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Natalie Voets (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Functional connectivity of large-scale brain networks in patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis: an observational study
This study reveals a characteristic pattern of whole-brain functional connectivity alterations in anti-NMDAR encephalitis that is well suited to explain the major clinical symptoms of the disorder. These observations advance the pathophysiological understanding of NMDAR dysfunction in the human brain and could be similarly relevant for other neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia. Funding Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Israeli National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of Israel, Orion Foundation, and the Agnes Ginges Center for Neurologenetics. (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - September 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

White
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Kelley Swain (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Light and shade
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Stephen Ginn (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

One of the more unusual talents: Dreams That Money Can Buy
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Laura Thomas (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Islam and depression
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Sima Barmania (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

WPA elections
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Dara Mohammadi (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Architecture and functioning of child and adolescent mental health services: a reply from Slovenia – Authors' reply
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Giovanni de Girolamo, Giulia Signorini (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Architecture and functioning of child and adolescent mental health services: a reply from Slovenia
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Maja Drobnič Radobuljac, Mateja Hudoklin, Nataša Potočnik Dajčman, Hojka Gregorič Kumperscak (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A proposal to introduce formal recording of psychosocial adversities associated with mental health using ICD-10 codes
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Kate Allsopp, Peter Kinderman (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is excessive sexual behaviour an addictive disorder?
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Marc N Potenza, Mateusz Gola, Valerie Voon, Ariel Kor, Shane W Kraus (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Use of lithium in patients with unipolar depression – Author's reply
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Jari Tiihonen (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Use of lithium in patients with unipolar depression
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Juan M Hincapie-Castillo, Philip F Daniels (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ketamine-ECT Study – Author's reply
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Ian M Anderson (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ketamine-ECT Study
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): William McDaniel, Barin Vyas, Nena Laguerta (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Regulatory meta-analyses for the evaluation of psychotropic medicines
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato, Giovanni Ostuzzi (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Architecture of change: rethinking child and adolescent mental health
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): Andrea Raballo, Michele Poletti, Patrick McGorry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Money, money, money
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 9 Author(s): The Lancet Psychiatry (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

We live inside a dream
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Cristobal Catalan (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurofeedback in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Winfried Rief (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurofeedback, sham neurofeedback, and cognitive-behavioural group therapy in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Michael Schönenberg, Eva Wiedemann, Alexander Schneidt, Jonathan Scheeff, Alexander Logemann, Philipp M Keune, Martin Hautzinger Background Many studies suggest that electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback might be beneficial in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, numbers of well controlled studies are low and neurofeedback techniques are regarded as highly controversial. The present trial examined the efficacy (compared with sham neurofeedback) and efficiency (compared with meta-cogniti...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The blood –brain barrier in psychosis
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Thomas A Pollak, Svetlana Drndarski, James M Stone, Anthony S David, Philip McGuire, N Joan Abbott Blood–brain barrier pathology is recognised as a central factor in the development of many neurological disorders, but much less is known about the role of the blood–brain barrier in psychiatric disorders. We review post-mortem, serum-biomarker, CSF-biomarker, and neuroimaging studies that have examined blood–brain barrier structure and function in schizophrenia and related psychoses. We consider how blood–brain b...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Panorama's prescription
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Carmine Pariante (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Side-effects associated with ketamine use in depression: a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Brooke Short, Joanna Fong, Veronica Galvez, William Shelker, Colleen K Loo This is the first systematic review of the safety of ketamine in the treatment of depression after single and repeated doses. We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Databases and identified 288 articles, 60 of which met the inclusion criteria. After acute dosing, psychiatric, psychotomimetic, cardiovascular, neurological, and other side-effects were more frequently reported after ketamine treatment than after placebo in patients with depresssion. Ou...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Linking cannabis use to depression and suicidal thoughts and behaviours
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Laura M Huckins (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Major depressive disorder, suicidal thoughts and behaviours, and cannabis involvement in discordant twins: a retrospective cohort study
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Arpana Agrawal, Elliot C Nelson, Kathleen K Bucholz, Rebecca Tillman, Richard A Grucza, Dixie J Statham, Pamela AF Madden, Nicholas G Martin, Andrew C Heath, Michael T Lynskey Background Early and frequent cannabis use are associated with an increased likelihood of major depressive disorder (MDD) as well as suicidal thoughts and behaviours. We identify associations between aspects of cannabis use, MDD, and suicidal thoughts and behaviours and examine whether such associations persist after accounting for those predisposing factors, inc...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A history of the ward in 10 ½ objects
Publication date: August 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 8 Author(s): Charlotte Walker (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Showtime: All That Jazz
Publication date: August 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 4, Issue 8 Author(s): Laura Thomas (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research