Left superior intercostal vein as the last resort for hemodialysis vascular access.
Authors: Kaminski R, Strózecki P, Kosinski A, Grzybiak M PMID: 26450081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Vein dissection, a rare complication of a fistula puncture readily distinguished by ultrasound.
Authors: Guedes-Marques M, Vallespín J, Vinuesa X, Barrera D, Ibeas J PMID: 26450082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Failed laser extraction of a fractured right ventricle defibrillator lead in a patient with persistent left superior vena cava.
Authors: Wissocque L, Klein C, Marquié C, Klug D PMID: 26450083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Transcatheter anastomosis connector system for vascular access graft placement: results from a first-in-human pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The InterGraft™ connectors can be safely and successfully used for AVG anastomoses, with acceptable near-term patency. Further clinical evaluation is warranted. PMID: 26450084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Factors associated with pain during vascular access intervention therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: The reason for severe pain with use of the semi-compliant balloon as compared with the other types might have been due to its characteristics during inflation, as increased diameter leads to an increase in pressure. Mismatching of balloon diameter to vascular diameter may also increase pain. PMID: 26429126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 4, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

An efficacy of intensive vitamin D delivery to neointimal hyperplasia in recurrent vascular access stenosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Intensive vitamin D exposure at NH lesion has an ability to inhibit further VSMC proliferation, and presumably leads to greater patency rate for recurrent VA stenosis. Further studies are needed to clarify whether its unique property is exhibited through VDR-mediated mechanism. PMID: 26429127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 4, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Vascular access for long-term hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that the ratio of patients with AVG increased with prolonged HD/HDF treatment. AVG has a higher probability of complications and lower patency as compared to AVF, thus careful management is needed. On the other hand, AVG contributes more to a good long prognosis, as it offers efficient dialysis. In cases of vascular deterioration due to long-term hemodialysis, it is inevitable to change from AVF to AVG, thus the ratio of AVG patients is expected to increase in cases of long-term HD/HDF. PMID: 26429128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - October 4, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

The impact of access blood flow surveillance on reduction of thrombosis in native arteriovenous fistula: a randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The measurement of QA combining DU and UDM shows a reduction in thrombosis rate and an increased assisted primary patency rate in AVF after one-year follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02111655. PMID: 26391583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 24, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

No-touch technique for radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula - surgical technique and preliminary results.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that NTT can be used for primary radio-cephalic fistula surgery with very good results. This method offers the potential to create a RC-AVF in patients who are not usually considered appropriate for a distal arm fistula due to a small cephalic vein. PMID: 26391584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 24, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Central venous access devices site care practices: an international survey of 34 countries.
CONCLUSIONS: These inconsistencies are reflective of the complex and heterogeneous populations requiring CVADs, the evidence available to support practice in this area, the skills and knowledge of the clinicians caring for them and the resources of the healthcare setting. Further research and education is necessary to ensure that CVAD site care is undertaken effectively to minimise preventable complications. PMID: 26349858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Starting hemodialysis with catheter and mortality risk: persistent association in a competing risk analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Half of all incident patients in Catalonia are exposed to excessive mortality risk related to catheter and this scenario can be improved by early fistula placement. PMID: 26349859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Hemodialysis catheter tip design: observations on fluid flow and recirculation.
CONCLUSIONS: Eight of the nine catheters evaluated in this study performed well with blood lines connected in standard configuration. When blood lines were reversed, symmetric tip and step-tip designs had more stable fluid flow patterns, less tip movement and lower recirculation rates when compared to split-tip designs. PMID: 26349860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Preface - A look back at the 18th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Dialysis Access and General Meeting.
Authors: Ohira S PMID: 26349861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

The economic issue of vascular access within the Japanese medical reimbursement system.
Authors: Takemoto Y, Naganuma T Abstract We analyzed the current health economics of vascular access (VA) procedures in Japan. Results showed that the yearly VA-related medical expenses were as high as JPY20 billion and accounted for 1.4% of the total healthcare cost for chronic renal failure. The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) statistics showed that in the USA the yearly VA-related medical expenses accounted for 1.2% of the total medical cost for chronic renal failure, indicating that the costs did not differ much between the two countries. Moreover, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) accounts fo...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Use of biosynthetic grafts (Omniflow II) for high infection risk haemodialysis vascular access.
CONCLUSIONS: This small series reports on the successful use of the Omniflow II graft in patients with high risk of infection and, whilst limited in its size and scientific design, it does support the limited existing literature for the potential benefits of the biosynthetic approach where concerns regarding infective complications of synthetic material exist. PMID: 26349863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Is bypass graft technique effective in arteriovenous graft?
Authors: Noguchi T, Miyamoto M, Kataoka K, Sato K, Nihei H, Takeda I, Inoue K, Sasagawa N, Chiba T Abstract BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous graft (AVG) requires percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) to maintain its patency; however, bypass graft technique is often chosen in cases requiring PTA again within 3 months. We retrospectively examined whether bypass graft technique is effective for AVG. METHODS: The sample patient population consisted of 50 patients who underwent bypass graft technique on the venous side of the AVG between April 2012 and March 2014. The primary and assisted patencies of the technique w...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Knot formation of a neonatal peripherally inserted central catheter: a rare complication of placement.
Authors: Kurtom W, Degnan A, Quast D PMID: 26349865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

How to monitor vascular access in our hospital.
CONCLUSIONS: In order to provide good dialysis care, good use of monitoring devices of VA is significant. PMID: 26349866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Practice of peritoneal dialysis access education using the new hybrid simulator in Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: In the future, by leveraging the advantages of the hybrid simulator, we aim to promote the training of medical staff interested in PD health care and increase the number of patients able to benefit from the many advantages of PD. PMID: 26349867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Vascular access infection: survival or mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment for VA infection should be started as early as possible after onset to avoid the formation of secondary infectious foci in other areas. PMID: 26349868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Superficialization of segmentally matured brachial vein complex as the last possible native, upper arm vascular access for hemodialysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our technique is feasible in cases of unusual, segmental maturation of both brachial veins during two-stage ABBA formation. Selective superficialization of matured segments only may provide suitable access for hemodialysis. Vascular access surgeons should be aware of possible anatomical variations and be prepared to perform unusual access configurations as dictated by the local anatomy. PMID: 26349869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Novel approach to percutaneous thrombolysis in large caliber clotted vascular access using ultrasound-accelerated thrombolysis.
CONCLUSIONS: USAT is a safe and effective percutaneous method of thrombolysis in patients who have large clot burden. PMID: 26349870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Minimally invasive axillary to right atrial graft for hemodialysis access utilizing the intraluminal flow guard graft.
Authors: Goldstein LJ, Balabanoff C, Carillo R, de Mendoza VL, Bornak A, Tabbara M PMID: 26349871 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Exploring attitudes towards a randomised controlled trial of venous access devices - a nested pre-trial qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: This qualitative study raises awareness of key areas of concern to patients who need a CVAD for chemotherapy delivery. It was identified that there is a need for clearer patient information around CVADs. Additionally it allows investigators to identify barriers to recruitment in a timely manner in order to minimise the potential for conflict between the roles of carer and researcher and consequently, maximise recruitment to the RCT. PMID: 26349872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Use of long-term catheters in Japan: implant procedures, maintenance methods, and future aspects.
Authors: Miyata A, Hamanoue S, Kawabata C, Maekawa A, Toyoda M, Arita T, Uekihara S, Hayano S Abstract The Japanese society for dialysis therapy (JSDT) launched the second edition of 'Guidelines for Vascular Access Construction and Repair for Chronic Hemodialysis' concerning the vascular access in 2011. The indication of long-term catheters is strictly limited in these guidelines because of possible high risks of infections including sepsis and obstruction of catheters with thrombus. In Japan, the long-term catheters would be needed more frequently to prepare the very rapid demographic change within a decade, under...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Evaluation of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty screening using color Doppler ultrasonography.
CONCLUSIONS: These parameters could be used as markers for assessing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty risk in hemodialysis patients. PMID: 26349874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Surgical techniques for haemodialysis access-induced distal ischaemia.
CONCLUSIONS: All four procedures have high success rate in relieving ischaemic symptoms with the DRIL procedure having a significantly better vascular access patency rate than other techniques, although further well designed studies are required to compare all four surgical techniques. PMID: 26349875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Catheter-related swinging atrial ball thrombosis.
Authors: Marcy PY, El Hajjam M, Merckx J, Lacout A PMID: 26349876 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in Japan: five-center investigation.
CONCLUSIONS: The clinical success rate of PTA in five centers was relatively high and a major complication rate was only 0.17%. However, anatomical success rates were low comparing with the previous studies and the primary patency rates were inferior to the past data. PMID: 26349877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Standard procedures of endovascular treatment for vascular access stenosis in our facility - clinical usefulness of ultrasonography.
Authors: Sato T, Tsuboi M, Onogi T, Miwa N, Sakurai H, Ookubo K, Matsubara C, Kasuga H Abstract In Japan, the number of patients receiving dialysis is 314,180 at the end of 2013 and 97% are treated with hemodialysis. And the mean age of patients and the percentage of diabetes have been increasing. For this reason, preparations of a new vascular access (VA) and its long-term maintenance have become difficult. In the guidelines by the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy (JSDT), endovascular treatment (ET) is positioned as the first line for VA stenosis. The procedure of ET itself is very simple. The revision of Jap...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Previous radial artery harvest for coronary artery bypass graft does not impede ipsilateral proximal vascular access construction.
Authors: Liew NC, Lee L, Hanipah ZN, Tong SW, Gee T PMID: 26349879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Evaluation of sterilization using the MEH200® (cotton pack) in vascular access puncture.
CONCLUSIONS: In HD patients, the MEH200® may be effective for the prevention of bacteremia. PMID: 26349880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

The impact of tunnelled vascular catheters on time to arteriovenous fistula creation.
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a TVC is associated with a significant delay (>3 months) before physicians make a referral for surgeon review. There was no surgeon-related delay to access creation related to the presence of a TVC. PMID: 26349881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Outcomes of blood flow suppression methods of treating high flow access in hemodialysis patients with arteriovenous fistula.
CONCLUSIONS: Each method proved to be an effective means of treating HFA. The choice of surgical method should be informed by the type of vascular access; however, the A-ban with A-lig and Ana methods appear to achieve clinically significant reductions in FV and have lower rates of HFA recurrence and AVF occlusion. PMID: 26349882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Superficial brachioradial artery (arising from axillary artery) - a variant that can cause failure of percutaneous coronary intervention.
Authors: Chokkappan K, Srinivasan S PMID: 26349883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Optimizing vascular access in the elderly: words we use affect patient care.
Authors: Davidson I, Gallieni M Abstract Age is commonly used as guidance in a variety of life activities having extensive influence on people's lives from social to legal aspects. Health care is no exception, where treatment is often subliminally declined as a certain age is reached, mainly for economic reasons. Humans age at different and unpredicted rates, related to the development of co-morbid conditions, most notably diabetes and cardio-vascular pathology. The way we think about age and being old greatly affects how we will choose between the treatment options. Instead, if we consider the disease or diagnosis...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

An affordable and easily constructed model for training in ultrasound-guided vascular access.
CONCLUSIONS: Using this method, simple and inexpensive phantoms can be created. These are ideal for use in training for ultrasound-guided vascular access. Links to videos describing the phantom construction process, their appearance and the teaching techniques utilised by the authors are found in the text. PMID: 26349885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Vascular access in super-aged patients.
Authors: Kawanishi H, Shintaku S, Moriishi M Abstract PURPOSE: In developed countries, dialysis patients are aging along with the general population. The choice of vascular access (VA) is a more complex decision among elderly patients and is not specifically addressed by clinical practice guidelines. We investigated the relationship between the VA type at dialysis initiation in elderly patients and their prognosis, as well as the selection of the optimal VA type. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of consecutive adult patients (age ≥18 years) as their first form of renal replace...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

A comparative study on the mechanical behavior of polyurethane PICCs.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides useful information that can help identifying and facilitate the choice of a PICC. PMID: 26349887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Simple surgical method for a native arteriovenous fistula of chronic hemodialysis patients and the patency rate.
CONCLUSIONS: The AVF is considered as the vascular access with the highest patency rate in the chronic hemodialysis patients. However, the factor influencing this rate is gender. In conclusion, female has a higher risk than male. PMID: 26349888 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

The S-Tunnel for tunnelled dialysis catheter: an alternative approach to the prevention of displacement.
CONCLUSIONS: The 'S-Line' offers a simple, straightforward and most importantly safe method to reduce the incidence of tunnelled right internal jugular central venous catheter displacement. PMID: 26349889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Peripherally inserted central catheter-related vein thrombosis in breast cancer patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Metastasis and malposition were significant risk factors for PICC-related UEVT in breast cancer patients. With early diagnosis and standardized anticoagulant treatment, a better clinical outcome could be achieved. Further prospective and large sample studies are needed. PMID: 26349890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

High output cardiac failure following formation of an axillo-iliac arteriovenous graft for haemodialysis.
Authors: Goh MA, Ali JM, Lagaac R, Barlow AD, Pettigrew GJ PMID: 26349891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Practice and education of the vascular access.
CONCLUSIONS: We are concerned that the more the VA access would be demanded, the more the VA construction would be needed. So, the matter of the urgency is the training of the doctors working for VA construction. PMID: 26349892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Vascular access intervention by a nephrologist in Hiroshima.
This report describes the VAI technique which is based on 15 years of treatment experience of the author of this report and which the author has taught to young nephrologists in Hiroshima. PMID: 26349893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Everything in its right place: inadvertent intravenous injection of enteral formula without misconnection.
Authors: Cabasson S, Oilleau L, Bauvin I, Firah N, Mansir T PMID: 26349894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Reduction or discontinuation of antibiotic prophylaxis in vascular access surgery, tendon sheath incision and PD catheter placement.
CONCLUSIONS: Even in dialysis patients, neither pre- nor postoperative antibiotics are necessary for AVF and tendon sheath incision surgeries. AVG and PD catheter placement surgeries require only a small amount of antibiotics preoperatively. PMID: 26349895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - September 12, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Echographic landmark of cephalic and collateral accessory vein at forearm in preoperative evaluation for hemodialysis angioaccess.
CONCLUSIONS: CV differs from CAV for its anatomic location at forearm. Such a difference is clearly evident under ultrasound examination, despite any recommendation in ultrasound guidelines. Whether the exclusive use of CV for angioaccess creation can lead to a better outcome will be ascertained by further studies. PMID: 26165813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - July 17, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Current outcomes and indications for cryopreserved vein allografts in hemodialysis access surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: The rates of both primary and secondary patency in CVGs are highly comparable to the reported patency rates of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts and allow for lifelong maintenance of dialysis access. Our observed outcome suggests that CVGs should be considered for patients needing vascular access in the presence of infection. CVGs may likewise be viable alternatives to PTFE grafts in the elderly and patients with limited access options. PMID: 26165814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - July 17, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Comment on: What is the best training for vascular access surgery?
Authors: Lazarides MK, Georgiadis GS, Georgakarakos EI PMID: 26165815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - July 17, 2015 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research