One World One Health: Widening horizons
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):241-243. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1056_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906983 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1056_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Samiran Panda Balram Bhargava Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Pandemics & amp; One Health: India's evolving response
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):245-248. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_671_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906984 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_671_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: K Srinath Reddy Manu Raj Mathur Source Type: research

Addressing challenge of zoonotic diseases through One Health approach
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):249-252. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_374_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906985 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_374_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Rajesh Bhatia Source Type: research

International Conventions & amp; One Health
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):253-255. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906986 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Atanu Basu Harpreet Sandhu Source Type: research

Biothreat & amp; One Health: Current scenario & amp; way forward
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):257-263. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_583_21.ABSTRACTThere is an increased connectedness among humans, animals, and the environment and the current pandemic has taught the interlinking of the health of humans, animals and the planet. This inter-connectedness and factors like population growth, migration, urbanization, and climate change contribute significantly to the enhanced probability of emergence of previously unknown wildlife source pathogens at any place, any time, and without warning. Lurking in the background is the massive potential for the deliberate use of biological agents as weapon...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Atul Kotwal Arun Yadav Source Type: research

One Health, "Disease X" & amp; the challenge of "Unknown" Unknowns
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):264-271. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_601_21.ABSTRACTThe emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and its rapid spread globally emphasizes the ever-present threat of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. In this review, the pathogen pyramid framework was utilized to identify the "unknown unknowns" associated with the emergence and rapid transmission of novel infectious disease agents. Given that the evolutionary origin of most of the emerging infectious disease agents can be traced to an animal source, we argue the need to integrate the "One Health" approach as a part of surveillance ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Pranab Chatterjee Parvati Nair Matthew Chersich Yitagele Terefe Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan Fabiola Quesada Greg Simpson Source Type: research

Enabling One Health solutions through genomics
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):273-279. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_576_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906989 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_576_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Trinad Chakraborty Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Adopting an intersectoral One Health approach in India: Time for One Health Committees
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):281-286. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_537_21.ABSTRACTFollowing the several episodes of zoonotic disease outbreaks and the more recent COVID-19 pandemic, the Indian policy initiatives are committed to institutionalize One Health (OH) approaches and promote intersectoral, transdisciplinary collaboration and cooperation. The OH principle needs to be visualized beyond the scope of zoonoses. While conservation, ecological and veterinary professions are getting increasingly engaged with OH, most of the medical/clinical and social sciences professions are only peripherally aware of its nuances. The OH ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Rajib Dasgupta Fiona Tomley Robyn Alders Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Anita Kotwani Source Type: research

Emergency preparedness for public health threats, surveillance, modelling & amp; forecasting
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):287-298. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_653_21.ABSTRACTIn the interconnected world, safeguarding global health security is vital for maintaining public health and economic upliftment of any nation. Emergency preparedness is considered as the key to control the emerging public health challenges at both national as well as international levels. Further, the predictive information systems based on routine surveillance, disease modelling and forecasting play a pivotal role in both policy building and community participation to detect, prevent and respond to potential health threats. Therefore, reliabl...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jasbir Singh Bedi Deepthi Vijay Pankaj Dhaka Jatinder Paul Singh Gill Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Animal disease surveillance: Its importance & amp; present status in India
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):299-310. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_740_21.ABSTRACTAnimal disease surveillance encompasses systematic collection of long-term data on disease events, risk factors and other relevant parameters followed by analyzing the same with reference to temporal and spatial characteristics to arrive at a conclusion so that necessary preventive measures can be taken. In India, the animal disease surveillance is done through National Animal Disease Reporting System, which is a web-based information technology system for disease reporting from States and Union Territories with the aim to record, monitor live...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: H B Chethan Kumar Jagadish Hiremath R Yogisharadhya V Balamurugan Siju Susan Jacob G B Manjunatha Reddy K P Suresh Rajeswari Shome M Nagalingam R Sridevi S S Patil Awadesh Prajapati G Govindaraj P P Sengupta Divakar Hemadri P Krishnamoorthy Jyoti Misri As Source Type: research

One Health aspects & amp; priority roadmap for fungal diseases : A mini-review
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):311-319. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_768_21.ABSTRACTFungal diseases have not been taken seriously in public health agendas as well as research priorities, despite of globally causing an estimated two million deaths every year, and the emergence of many troublesome fungal pathogens like Candida auris, azole resistant Aspergillus fumigatus, terbinafine and azole resistant dermatophytes, and zoonotic sporotrichosis in humans. Fungi are also responsible for huge losses of agricultural products and stored crops as well as recent massive and unexpected mortality in animals caused by white-nose syndro...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Sayantan Banerjee David W Denning Arunaloke Chakrabarti Source Type: research

Journey towards National Institute of One Health in India
CONCLUSIONS: The data indicated the occurrence of important zoonotic diseases adversely affecting the livestock health and human wellbeing. The scientific collaboration between veterinary and medical faculties has set an example for effective implementation of One Health (OH) programme for the establishment of National Institute of OH.PMID:33906994 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_636_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Sandeep P Chaudhari Dewanand R Kalorey Sudhakar P Awandkar Nitin V Kurkure Rahul Narang Rajpal S Kashyap Manju Rahi Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Tribal health & amp; culture: Symbiotic model of One Health
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):327-332. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_593_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906995 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_593_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: R K Mutatkar Source Type: research

The concept of One Health: Cultural context, background & amp; prospects in India
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):333-337. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_732_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906996 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_732_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Mitchell G Weiss Mohan Agashe Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Experiences of Indian Council of Medical Research with tick-borne zoonotic infections: Kyasanur Forest disease & amp; Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in India with One Health focus
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):339-347. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_532_21.ABSTRACTEmergence and re-emergence of several pathogens have been witnessed by this century in the form of outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics. In India, the influencing factor that promotes dissemination of emerging and re-emerging viral infections is the biogeographical zones: a megadiverse country, characterized by varied geographical, climatic conditions and ever-changing socio-economical and geopolitical issues. These influence the movement of humans and animals and add layers of complexity for the identification and timely management of infectiou...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Devendra T Mourya Pragya D Yadav Deepak Y Patil Rima R Sahay Manju Rahi Source Type: research

Food safety in fisheries: Application of One Health approach
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):348-357. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_573_21.ABSTRACTFisheries comprise the fastest growing sector meeting the global protein requirements. Being an affordable enterprise, it is considered a safe source of food and the muscles of healthy fishes are almost sterile. However, a multitude of hazards (biological, chemical, and environmental) can be introduced into aquaculture throughout the production and supply chain. Also, it can originate from unsuitable farming practices, environmental pollution, and socio-cultural habits prevailing in various regions. Hence, with an increasing global population ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jess Vergis Deepak B Rawool Satya Veer Singh Malik Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Outbreak prone communicable diseases of public health importance in the northern districts of West Bengal - Current status & amp; the way forward
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):358-366. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_607_21.ABSTRACTIndia is perilously poised on the threshold of an explosion of infectious diseases, some of which have witnessed re-emergence while others await apposite opportunity to do so. The State of West Bengal is uniquely positioned with its innate geographical vulnerabilities that favour outbreaks of a host of infectious diseases. The northern districts of this State are well known endemic areas for many outbreak prone communicable diseases like malaria, Japanese encephalitis, scrub typhus, dengue and kala-azar. An outbreak of Nipah virus in the recen...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Puran Kumar Sharma Rina Tilak Source Type: research

Hitchhiking microbes: Declining biodiversity & amp; emerging zoonoses
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):367-374. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_620_21.ABSTRACTThe connection between nature conservation and human wellbeing is well known, however, the role of declining biodiversity and emerging diseases is relatively less studied. The presence of a thriving biological diversity is known to have therapeutic effects on human health. On the other hand, human economic activities have contributed to a sharp decline in species, resulting in poor ecosystem health. Several studies have shown how microorganisms have switched from animals to humans, leading to novel diseases. This review describes studies on zo...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Gurudas Nulkar Madhura Bedarkar Ketaki Ghate Sakshi Nulkar Source Type: research

Investigations of seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome due to < em > Orientia tsutsugamushi < /em > in Gorakhpur region, India: A One Health case study
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):375-381. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_625_21.ABSTRACTGorakhpur division consisting of Gorakhpur and neighboring districts Deoria, Kushinagar and Maharajganj in Uttar Pradesh, India, have been witnessing seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) among children for the last three decades. Investigations conducted during 2005 identified Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus as an aetiology of AES. With the introduction of JE vaccination and other control strategies, the incidence of JE in the region declined, however, outbreaks of acute febrile illness with neurological manifestations cont...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Manoj V Murhekar Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj Candasamy Sadanandane Mahima Mittal Nivedita Gupta Winsley Rose Seema Sahay Rajni Kant Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Coastal ecosystem services & amp; human wellbeing
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):382-387. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_695_21.ABSTRACTCoastal areas are home to diverse ecosystems that provide essential goods and services for human wellbeing. Recognition, understanding and appreciation of the various goods and services provided by coastal ecosystems, especially the provisioning and cultural services are of utmost importance today. Systematic exploration of bioactive compounds from marine flora and fauna and deriving pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, as well as promotion of concepts such as the blue gym are essentially linked to human health and sustenance, necessitating mea...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Ahana Lakshmi Source Type: research

Health system preparedness & amp; community participation in Japanese encephalitis/acute encephalitis syndrome (JE/AES) prevention in a tribal district of Odisha, India
CONCLUSIONS: Community participation and coordination between different stakeholders have a significant impact on the successful implementation of the programme. It was suggested that there was a need for a sustainability approach to active participation, orientation and capacity building training among CHWs and community volunteers to successfully implement the programme.PMID:33907003 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_645_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Krushna Chandra Sahoo Sapna Negi Girish Chandra Dash Rakesh Kumar Sahoo Jaya Singh Kshatri Sheetal Panda Matrujyoti Pattanaik Goldi Badaik Sanghamitra Pati Debdutta Bhattacharya Source Type: research

A qualitative exploratory study using One Health approach for developing an intervention package for elimination of human anthrax in an endemic district of Odisha, India
CONCLUSIONS: The coordination gaps, financial burden, insufficient relevant knowledge and information among the concerned stakeholders were the issues found in this study in addition to non-availability of proper diagnostic facility. The coordination among different departments adapting One Health approach may be one of the best possible ways for the elimination of anthrax cases in an endemic region.PMID:33907004 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_646_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Asit Mansingh Hari Ram Choudhary Jyoti Shandilya Debdutta Bhattacharya Jaya Singh Kshatri Debaprasad Parai Matrujyoti Pattanaik Arun Kumar Padhi Hitesh Kumar Jain Prasantajyoti Mohanty Srikanta Kanungo Sanghamitra Pati Source Type: research

One World One Health: Widening horizons
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):241-243. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1056_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906983 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1056_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Samiran Panda Balram Bhargava Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Pandemics & amp; One Health: India's evolving response
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):245-248. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_671_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906984 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_671_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: K Srinath Reddy Manu Raj Mathur Source Type: research

Addressing challenge of zoonotic diseases through One Health approach
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):249-252. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_374_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906985 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_374_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Rajesh Bhatia Source Type: research

International Conventions & amp; One Health
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):253-255. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906986 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Atanu Basu Harpreet Sandhu Source Type: research

Biothreat & amp; One Health: Current scenario & amp; way forward
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):257-263. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_583_21.ABSTRACTThere is an increased connectedness among humans, animals, and the environment and the current pandemic has taught the interlinking of the health of humans, animals and the planet. This inter-connectedness and factors like population growth, migration, urbanization, and climate change contribute significantly to the enhanced probability of emergence of previously unknown wildlife source pathogens at any place, any time, and without warning. Lurking in the background is the massive potential for the deliberate use of biological agents as weapon...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Atul Kotwal Arun Yadav Source Type: research

One Health, "Disease X" & amp; the challenge of "Unknown" Unknowns
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):264-271. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_601_21.ABSTRACTThe emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and its rapid spread globally emphasizes the ever-present threat of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. In this review, the pathogen pyramid framework was utilized to identify the "unknown unknowns" associated with the emergence and rapid transmission of novel infectious disease agents. Given that the evolutionary origin of most of the emerging infectious disease agents can be traced to an animal source, we argue the need to integrate the "One Health" approach as a part of surveillance ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Pranab Chatterjee Parvati Nair Matthew Chersich Yitagele Terefe Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan Fabiola Quesada Greg Simpson Source Type: research

Enabling One Health solutions through genomics
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):273-279. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_576_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906989 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_576_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Trinad Chakraborty Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Adopting an intersectoral One Health approach in India: Time for One Health Committees
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):281-286. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_537_21.ABSTRACTFollowing the several episodes of zoonotic disease outbreaks and the more recent COVID-19 pandemic, the Indian policy initiatives are committed to institutionalize One Health (OH) approaches and promote intersectoral, transdisciplinary collaboration and cooperation. The OH principle needs to be visualized beyond the scope of zoonoses. While conservation, ecological and veterinary professions are getting increasingly engaged with OH, most of the medical/clinical and social sciences professions are only peripherally aware of its nuances. The OH ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Rajib Dasgupta Fiona Tomley Robyn Alders Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Anita Kotwani Source Type: research

Emergency preparedness for public health threats, surveillance, modelling & amp; forecasting
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):287-298. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_653_21.ABSTRACTIn the interconnected world, safeguarding global health security is vital for maintaining public health and economic upliftment of any nation. Emergency preparedness is considered as the key to control the emerging public health challenges at both national as well as international levels. Further, the predictive information systems based on routine surveillance, disease modelling and forecasting play a pivotal role in both policy building and community participation to detect, prevent and respond to potential health threats. Therefore, reliabl...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jasbir Singh Bedi Deepthi Vijay Pankaj Dhaka Jatinder Paul Singh Gill Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Animal disease surveillance: Its importance & amp; present status in India
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):299-310. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_740_21.ABSTRACTAnimal disease surveillance encompasses systematic collection of long-term data on disease events, risk factors and other relevant parameters followed by analyzing the same with reference to temporal and spatial characteristics to arrive at a conclusion so that necessary preventive measures can be taken. In India, the animal disease surveillance is done through National Animal Disease Reporting System, which is a web-based information technology system for disease reporting from States and Union Territories with the aim to record, monitor live...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: H B Chethan Kumar Jagadish Hiremath R Yogisharadhya V Balamurugan Siju Susan Jacob G B Manjunatha Reddy K P Suresh Rajeswari Shome M Nagalingam R Sridevi S S Patil Awadesh Prajapati G Govindaraj P P Sengupta Divakar Hemadri P Krishnamoorthy Jyoti Misri As Source Type: research

One Health aspects & amp; priority roadmap for fungal diseases : A mini-review
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):311-319. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_768_21.ABSTRACTFungal diseases have not been taken seriously in public health agendas as well as research priorities, despite of globally causing an estimated two million deaths every year, and the emergence of many troublesome fungal pathogens like Candida auris, azole resistant Aspergillus fumigatus, terbinafine and azole resistant dermatophytes, and zoonotic sporotrichosis in humans. Fungi are also responsible for huge losses of agricultural products and stored crops as well as recent massive and unexpected mortality in animals caused by white-nose syndro...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Sayantan Banerjee David W Denning Arunaloke Chakrabarti Source Type: research

Journey towards National Institute of One Health in India
CONCLUSIONS: The data indicated the occurrence of important zoonotic diseases adversely affecting the livestock health and human wellbeing. The scientific collaboration between veterinary and medical faculties has set an example for effective implementation of One Health (OH) programme for the establishment of National Institute of OH.PMID:33906994 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_636_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Sandeep P Chaudhari Dewanand R Kalorey Sudhakar P Awandkar Nitin V Kurkure Rahul Narang Rajpal S Kashyap Manju Rahi Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Tribal health & amp; culture: Symbiotic model of One Health
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):327-332. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_593_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906995 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_593_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: R K Mutatkar Source Type: research

The concept of One Health: Cultural context, background & amp; prospects in India
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):333-337. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_732_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906996 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_732_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Mitchell G Weiss Mohan Agashe Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Experiences of Indian Council of Medical Research with tick-borne zoonotic infections: Kyasanur Forest disease & amp; Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in India with One Health focus
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):339-347. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_532_21.ABSTRACTEmergence and re-emergence of several pathogens have been witnessed by this century in the form of outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics. In India, the influencing factor that promotes dissemination of emerging and re-emerging viral infections is the biogeographical zones: a megadiverse country, characterized by varied geographical, climatic conditions and ever-changing socio-economical and geopolitical issues. These influence the movement of humans and animals and add layers of complexity for the identification and timely management of infectiou...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Devendra T Mourya Pragya D Yadav Deepak Y Patil Rima R Sahay Manju Rahi Source Type: research

Food safety in fisheries: Application of One Health approach
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):348-357. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_573_21.ABSTRACTFisheries comprise the fastest growing sector meeting the global protein requirements. Being an affordable enterprise, it is considered a safe source of food and the muscles of healthy fishes are almost sterile. However, a multitude of hazards (biological, chemical, and environmental) can be introduced into aquaculture throughout the production and supply chain. Also, it can originate from unsuitable farming practices, environmental pollution, and socio-cultural habits prevailing in various regions. Hence, with an increasing global population ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jess Vergis Deepak B Rawool Satya Veer Singh Malik Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Outbreak prone communicable diseases of public health importance in the northern districts of West Bengal - Current status & amp; the way forward
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):358-366. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_607_21.ABSTRACTIndia is perilously poised on the threshold of an explosion of infectious diseases, some of which have witnessed re-emergence while others await apposite opportunity to do so. The State of West Bengal is uniquely positioned with its innate geographical vulnerabilities that favour outbreaks of a host of infectious diseases. The northern districts of this State are well known endemic areas for many outbreak prone communicable diseases like malaria, Japanese encephalitis, scrub typhus, dengue and kala-azar. An outbreak of Nipah virus in the recen...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Puran Kumar Sharma Rina Tilak Source Type: research

Hitchhiking microbes: Declining biodiversity & amp; emerging zoonoses
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):367-374. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_620_21.ABSTRACTThe connection between nature conservation and human wellbeing is well known, however, the role of declining biodiversity and emerging diseases is relatively less studied. The presence of a thriving biological diversity is known to have therapeutic effects on human health. On the other hand, human economic activities have contributed to a sharp decline in species, resulting in poor ecosystem health. Several studies have shown how microorganisms have switched from animals to humans, leading to novel diseases. This review describes studies on zo...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Gurudas Nulkar Madhura Bedarkar Ketaki Ghate Sakshi Nulkar Source Type: research

Investigations of seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome due to < em > Orientia tsutsugamushi < /em > in Gorakhpur region, India: A One Health case study
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):375-381. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_625_21.ABSTRACTGorakhpur division consisting of Gorakhpur and neighboring districts Deoria, Kushinagar and Maharajganj in Uttar Pradesh, India, have been witnessing seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) among children for the last three decades. Investigations conducted during 2005 identified Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus as an aetiology of AES. With the introduction of JE vaccination and other control strategies, the incidence of JE in the region declined, however, outbreaks of acute febrile illness with neurological manifestations cont...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Manoj V Murhekar Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj Candasamy Sadanandane Mahima Mittal Nivedita Gupta Winsley Rose Seema Sahay Rajni Kant Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Coastal ecosystem services & amp; human wellbeing
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):382-387. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_695_21.ABSTRACTCoastal areas are home to diverse ecosystems that provide essential goods and services for human wellbeing. Recognition, understanding and appreciation of the various goods and services provided by coastal ecosystems, especially the provisioning and cultural services are of utmost importance today. Systematic exploration of bioactive compounds from marine flora and fauna and deriving pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, as well as promotion of concepts such as the blue gym are essentially linked to human health and sustenance, necessitating mea...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Ahana Lakshmi Source Type: research

Health system preparedness & amp; community participation in Japanese encephalitis/acute encephalitis syndrome (JE/AES) prevention in a tribal district of Odisha, India
CONCLUSIONS: Community participation and coordination between different stakeholders have a significant impact on the successful implementation of the programme. It was suggested that there was a need for a sustainability approach to active participation, orientation and capacity building training among CHWs and community volunteers to successfully implement the programme.PMID:33907003 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_645_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Krushna Chandra Sahoo Sapna Negi Girish Chandra Dash Rakesh Kumar Sahoo Jaya Singh Kshatri Sheetal Panda Matrujyoti Pattanaik Goldi Badaik Sanghamitra Pati Debdutta Bhattacharya Source Type: research

A qualitative exploratory study using One Health approach for developing an intervention package for elimination of human anthrax in an endemic district of Odisha, India
CONCLUSIONS: The coordination gaps, financial burden, insufficient relevant knowledge and information among the concerned stakeholders were the issues found in this study in addition to non-availability of proper diagnostic facility. The coordination among different departments adapting One Health approach may be one of the best possible ways for the elimination of anthrax cases in an endemic region.PMID:33907004 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_646_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Asit Mansingh Hari Ram Choudhary Jyoti Shandilya Debdutta Bhattacharya Jaya Singh Kshatri Debaprasad Parai Matrujyoti Pattanaik Arun Kumar Padhi Hitesh Kumar Jain Prasantajyoti Mohanty Srikanta Kanungo Sanghamitra Pati Source Type: research

One World One Health: Widening horizons
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):241-243. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1056_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906983 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1056_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Samiran Panda Balram Bhargava Mohan D Gupte Source Type: research

Pandemics & amp; One Health: India's evolving response
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):245-248. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_671_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906984 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_671_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: K Srinath Reddy Manu Raj Mathur Source Type: research

Addressing challenge of zoonotic diseases through One Health approach
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):249-252. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_374_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906985 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_374_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Rajesh Bhatia Source Type: research

International Conventions & amp; One Health
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):253-255. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_21.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33906986 | DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_21 (Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research)
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Atanu Basu Harpreet Sandhu Source Type: research

Biothreat & amp; One Health: Current scenario & amp; way forward
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):257-263. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_583_21.ABSTRACTThere is an increased connectedness among humans, animals, and the environment and the current pandemic has taught the interlinking of the health of humans, animals and the planet. This inter-connectedness and factors like population growth, migration, urbanization, and climate change contribute significantly to the enhanced probability of emergence of previously unknown wildlife source pathogens at any place, any time, and without warning. Lurking in the background is the massive potential for the deliberate use of biological agents as weapon...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Atul Kotwal Arun Yadav Source Type: research

One Health, "Disease X" & amp; the challenge of "Unknown" Unknowns
Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):264-271. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_601_21.ABSTRACTThe emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and its rapid spread globally emphasizes the ever-present threat of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. In this review, the pathogen pyramid framework was utilized to identify the "unknown unknowns" associated with the emergence and rapid transmission of novel infectious disease agents. Given that the evolutionary origin of most of the emerging infectious disease agents can be traced to an animal source, we argue the need to integrate the "One Health" approach as a part of surveillance ...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - April 28, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Pranab Chatterjee Parvati Nair Matthew Chersich Yitagele Terefe Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan Fabiola Quesada Greg Simpson Source Type: research