Assessing prospective memory in children using the Memory for Intentions Screening Test for Youth (MISTY).
Conclusions: The MISTY is a promising instrument with sound psychometric properties that could be useful in both clinical and research settings. Additionally, this study highlights the age-related process of PM development in children. PMID: 31933412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - January 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mills GN, Garbarino JT, Raskin SA Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Demographically-adjusted norms for the WAIS-R Block Design and Arithmetic subtests: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the US-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project.
Abstract Objective: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Block Design and Arithmetic subtests are frequently used as measures of visuospatial construction and verbal working memory, respectively. As part of a larger test adaptation and norming effort for this population, we generated and investigated demographically-adjusted interpretive norms for WAIS-R Block Design and Arithmetic in Spanish-speaking adults living in the US-Mexico border region.Method: Participants included 183 community-dwelling adults ages 20-55 (education range: 0-20 years; 58% women) from the NeuroPsychological-Norms for the US-Mex...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - January 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scott TM, Morlett Paredes A, Taylor MJ, Umlauf A, Artiola I Fortuny L, Heaton RK, Cherner M, Marquine MJ, Rivera Mindt M Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Demographically adjusted normative data for the Halstead category test in a Spanish-speaking adult population: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the U.S.-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS).
Abstract Objective: The present study aimed to develop norms applicable to Spanish-speakers living in the United States (U.S.)- Mexico border region for the Halstead Category Test (HCT), a test of executive function.Methods: Healthy native Spanish-speakers (N = 252; Age: range 19-60 years, M = 37.28, SD = 10.24; Education: range 0-20 years; M = 10.65, SD = 4.33; 58.33% women) living in the U.S.-Mexico border region of California and Arizona completed the HCT as part of a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. The univariabl...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - January 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Morlett Paredes A, Carrasco J, Kamalyan L, Cherner M, Umlauf A, Rivera Mindt M, Suarez P, Artiola I Fortuny L, Franklin D, Heaton RK, Marquine MJ Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Demographically adjusted normative data for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test-64 item: Results from the Neuropsychological Norms for the U.S.-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project.
Abstract Objective: The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is among the most commonly used tests of executive functioning. We aimed to generate normative data on the 64-item version of this test (WCST-64) for Spanish-speakers living in the U.S.-Mexico Border region.Methods: Participants included 189 native Spanish-speakers (Age: 19-60; Education: 0-20; 59.3% female) from the Neuropsychological Norms for the U.S.-Mexico Border Region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS) project who completed the WCST-64. Univariable and interactive associations between demographic variables and raw scores were examined via Spearman correlations,...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - January 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marquine MJ, Yassai-Gonzalez D, Perez-Tejada A, Umlauf A, Kamalyan L, Morlett Paredes A, Suarez P, Rivera Mindt M, Franklin D, Artiola I Fortuny L, Cherner M, Heaton RK Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Trail Making Test: normative data for the Lebanese adult population.
Conclusions: The present study provides the first normative data for the TMT among the Lebanese population. Neuropsychologists in Lebanon will benefit from this outcome in order to improve the accurate detection of visual scanning/processing speed and executive function deficits in clinical settings for the adult population. PMID: 31888415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Abi Chahine J, Rammal S, Fares Y, Abou Abbas L Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

It's about time: The role of temporal variability in improving assessment of executive functioning.
Conclusions: The conceptualization and assessment of EF can be improved through increased attention to within-subject patterns of temporal variability. Recent technological innovations can facilitate advances in neuropsychological assessment, particularly in our ability to understand and measure the factors that promote and impede EF in daily life. PMID: 31876234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McKinney TL, Euler MJ, Butner JE Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Walking, talking, and suppressing: executive functioning mediates the relationship between higher expressive suppression and slower dual-task walking among older adults.
Conclusion: Expressive suppression appears to weaken EF, which in turn impacts executive aspects of motor functioning (such as walking under cognitive load) for cognitively vulnerable individuals. Quantifying and accounting for the taxing effect of effortful emotion regulation may improve the accuracy of EF assessment. Expressive suppression represents a potentially modifiable target to help reduce EF lapses and motor failings among older adults. PMID: 31868093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Niermeyer MA, Suchy Y Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Validation of the Latin American Spanish version of the face-name associative memory exam in a Colombian Sample.
We examined associations between age, education, and sex and performance on the LAS-FNAME. Internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity were also assessed. Test-restest reliability was computed for a subset of participants (n = 32).Results: LAS-FNAME exhibited moderate convergent validity with other memory measures (Free and Cued Selective Reminding Scale, rs=.465, p
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vila-Castelar C, Papp KV, Amariglio RE, Torres VL, Baena A, Gomez D, Rendon J, Samaroo A, Lopera F, Rentz DM, Quiroz YT Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

A model for intervening with veterans and service members who are concerned about developing Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE).
Conclusion: Media attention on concussion has greatly increased in the last several years, as interest in the possible contribution of concussion(s) to CTE grows. This media attention has some adverse effects in that it creates a false perception about the current state of the science and may engender iatrogenic effects. The proposed model is offered as one approach to engage patients within this context. PMID: 31847694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Belanger HG, Wortzel HS, Vanderploeg RD, Cooper DB Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Neurocognitive impairment in Spanish-speaking Latinos living with HIV in the US: Application of the neuropsychological norms for the US-Mexico border region in Spanish (NP-NUMBRS).
Abstract Objective: Latinos in the US are at increased risk for HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment (NCI). Most studies of US Latinos living with HIV have included primarily English-speakers only. We investigated the rate, pattern, and correlates of HIV-associated NCI in native Spanish-speaking Latinos living in the US near the Mexican border.Methods: Participants included 407 native Spanish-speaking Latinos (Age: M = 37.65, SD = 10.0; Education: M = 10.75, SD = 4.1; 53% male): 153 persons living with HIV (PLWH; 56% AIDS) and 254 healthy controls. All pa...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kamalyan L, Hussain MA, Diaz MM, Umlauf A, Franklin DR, Cherner M, Rivera Mindt M, Artiola I Fortuny L, Grant I, Heaton RK, Marquine MJ Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The behavioral dyscontrol scale in the differential diagnosis of behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer disease.
Conclusions: the BDS has good psychometric prosperities; is easy to administer and score; is well tolerated by geriatric patients; and is useful diagnostically for discriminating bvFTD from AD, yielding good to excellent sensitivity and specificity values. PMID: 31842672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Alsemari A, Malloy PF Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Executive functioning interacts with complexity of daily life in predicting daily medication management among older adults.
This study examined if older adults who exhibit weaknesses in EF are at an increased risk for mismanaging their medications under complex contexts.Method: Participants were 50 non-Hispanic white community-dwelling older adults, ages 60-85. At a baseline visit, EF was assessed using the Push-Turn-Taptap task, and daily life complexity and medication regimen complexity were assessed using a structured interview. Medication management across the subsequent 8 weeks was assessed by weekly pill counts.Results: A general linear regression using at-home medication management as the dependent variable showed that EF and the ...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Suchy Y, Ziemnik RE, Niermeyer MA, Brothers SL Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Cohort differences on the CVLT-II and CVLT3: evidence of a negative Flynn effect on the attention/working memory and learning trials.
We examined differences in performance between the normative samples of the CVLT-II from 1999 and the CVLT3 from 2016 to 2017 on the immediate- and delayed-recall trials, and we explored the degree to which verbal learning and memory skills might be influenced by the cohort year in which norms were collected versus demographic factors (e.g. education level).Results: Multivariate analysis of variance tests and follow-up univariate tests yielded evidence for a negative cohort effect (also referred to as negative Flynn effect) on performance, controlling for demographic factors (p = .001). In particular, findings revealed evi...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Graves LV, Drozdick L, Courville T, Farrer TJ, Gilbert PE, Delis DC Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The vulnerability of executive functioning: The additive effects of recent non-restorative sleep, pain interference, and use of expressive suppression on test performance.
Conclusion: Expressive suppression, pain interference, and non-restorative sleep share some overlap with one another and with depression, but nonetheless have an additive negative effect on EF performance beyond depression. Quantifying these transient contextual factors may improve the accuracy of EF assessment and, by extension, the utility of EF measures in predicting daily functioning. These transient contextual factors also represent targets that, if better managed, may reduce EF lapses in daily life. PMID: 31805814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Niermeyer MA, Suchy Y Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The validity of the test of memory malingering (TOMM) with deaf individuals.
Conclusion: These results support the use of the same standard cut-off scores established for hearing individuals in culturally Deaf individuals who use ASL. PMID: 31797722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Chovaz CJ, Rennison VLA, Chorostecki DO Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Diagnosing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in young adults: a qualitative review of the utility of assessment measures and recommendations for improving the diagnostic process.
Conclusions: Based on this review, key clinical interview questions, behavior rating scales, symptom validity tests, and cognitive tests that have promise to enhance current assessment practices are recommended. These are the authors' personal opinions, not consensus standards, or guidelines promulgated by any organization. These measures are incorporated in a practical, somewhat abbreviated, battery that has the potential to improve clinicians' ability to diagnose adult ADHD. PMID: 31791193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marshall P, Hoelzle J, Nikolas M Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Detecting noncredible performance with the neuropsychological assessment battery, screening module: A simulation study.
This study sought to empirically derive PVT formulas within the S-NAB using an analog simulation paradigm.Method: Seventy-two university students (M age = 18.92) were randomly assigned to either an Asymptomatic (AS) or simulated mild traumatic brain injury (S-mTBI) group and were administered a neuropsychological test battery that included the S-NAB and standalone and embedded PVTs. The AS group was instructed to perform optimally, and the S-mTBI group received symptom and test coaching to help simulate mTBI-related impairment. Both groups received warnings regarding the presence of PVTs throughout the test b...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - December 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lace JW, Grant AF, Ruppert P, Kaufman DAS, Teague CL, Lowell K, Gfeller JD Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Preliminary examination of the validity of the NIH toolbox cognition battery in treatment-resistant psychosis.
Conclusions: Taken together, the NTCB appears to be a relatively strong tool for cognitive screening among psychiatric inpatients and may be used to identify which patients might benefit from further neuropsychological evaluation. PMID: 31782350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cassetta BD, Menon M, Carrion PB, Pearce H, DeGraaf A, Leonova O, White RF, Stowe RM, Honer WG, Woodward TS, Torres IJ Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

AACN President's Annual Statement of the Academy Report.
PMID: 31777302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Morrison C Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Testing the hybrid battery approach to evaluating sports-related concussion in the National Hockey League: A factor analytic study.
Conclusions: These data provide support for the Hybrid model with evidence that the P&P measures and ImPACT do not measure the same domains of cognitive functioning. The clinical implications of the findings are discussed in detail. PMID: 31777320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Echemendia RJ, Thelen J, Meeuwisse W, Comper P, Hutchison MG, Bruce JM Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Prevalence of overreporting on symptom validity  tests in a large sample of psychosomatic rehabilitation inpatients.
Conclusions: The prevalence of symptom overreporting in some clinical patient groups is a serious, yet underinvestigated problem. The current estimates yielded a high prevalence of distorted, noncredible symptom claims in psychosomatic rehabilitation patients. The challenges arising to health professionals working in such settings are immense and need more consideration. PMID: 31775575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Merten T, Kaminski A, Pfeiffer W Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Reliable change indices for the 37-item version of the MMSE in Spanish older adults.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the MMSE-37 is a reliable test-retest measure whose change scores are significantly influenced by sociodemographic factors. Importantly, small changes on this measure require a cautious interpretation. PMID: 31757190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fernández-Calvo B, Contador I, Chelune G, Lora D, Llamas S, Tapias E, Bermejo-Pareja F Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Word-reading ability as a "hold test" in cognitively normal young adults with history of concussion and repetitive head impact exposure: A CARE Consortium Study.
Conclusion: Wechsler Test of Adult Reading performance appears unrelated to history of self-reported concussion(s) and/or repetitive subclinical head trauma exposure in current collegiate athletes. Sociodemographic and academic variables should be incorporated in test score interpretations for diverse populations like athletes. PMID: 31698991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Asken BM, Houck ZM, Clugston JR, Larrabee GJ, Broglio SP, McCrea MA, McAllister TW, Bauer RM, CARE Consortium Investigators Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Performance on the Verbal Naming Test among healthy, community-dwelling older adults.
Conclusions: The VNT is a valid measure of naming among community-dwelling older adults. Regression-based normative data for the measure will enable its use in the neuropsychological assessment of naming with a wide range of older adults. PMID: 31682540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - November 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wynn MJ, Sha AZ, Lamb K, Carpenter BD, Yochim BP Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Validity of early-onset dementia diagnoses in VA electronic medical record administrative data.
Conclusions: A previously used algorithm for detecting dementia using VHA administrative data was not supported for use in the younger adult samples and resulted in an unacceptably high number of false positives. Based on these findings, there is concern for possible misclassification in population studies using similar algorithms to identify rates of EOD among veterans. Further, we provide suggestions to develop an enhanced algorithm for more accurate dementia surveillance among younger populations. PMID: 31645200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marceaux JC, Soble JR, O'Rourke JJF, Swan AA, Wells M, Amuan M, Sagiraju HKR, Eapen BC, Pugh MJ Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The utility of cognitive changes in identifying those with acute graft vs. host disease following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant.
Conclusions: While this study is exploratory in nature, and has a small sample size, findings suggest that early detection of working memory declines could coincide with, or signal the development of, aGVHD. Potential etiologies are discussed. Implementing early cognitive screening within the first 30 days post-HCT may be useful in identifying patients at risk for aGVHD. PMID: 31619131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stratton J, Sylvia A, Hoodin F, Choi SW, Pawarode A, Giordani B, Votruba K Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Clinical utility of WAIS-IV 'excessive decline from premorbid functioning' scores to detect invalid test performance following traumatic brain injury.
This study examined the clinical utility of EDPF scores to detect invalid test performance following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Participants were 194 U.S. military service members who completed neuropsychological testing on average 2.4 years (SD = 4.0) following uncomplicated mild, complicated mild, moderate, severe, or penetrating TBI (Age: M = 34.0, SD = 9.9). Using TBI severity and PVT performance (i.e., PVT Pass/Fail), participants were classified into three groups: Uncomplicated Mild TBI-PVT Fail (MTBI-Fail; n = 21), Uncomplicated Mild T...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - October 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Moore RA, Lippa SM, Brickell TA, French LM, Lange RT Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Functional ability is associated with higher adherence to behavioral interventions in mild cognitive impairment.
Conclusion: Changes in functional abilities are associated with disease progression among persons with aMCI. In the present study, individuals with aMCI who have higher education, higher depressive symptoms, and better baseline functioning abilities are more likely to adhere to behavioral intervention components over time. Post-intervention adherence also associates with concurrent daily function. PMID: 31608773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - October 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sr PAA, DeFeis B, De Wit L, O'Shea D, Mejia A, Chandler M, Locke DEC, Fields J, Phatak V, Dean PM, Crook J, Smith G Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Introduction to special issue: Current trends in empirical examinations of performance and symptom validity.
PMID: 31595824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - October 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Suchy Y Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Cognitive decline on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status in progressive supranuclear palsy.
Abstract Objective: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is associated with a variety of cognitive deficits, but few studies have reported on its cognitive trajectory across time, especially on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). Methods: Two hundred twenty participants diagnosed with Richardson's syndrome of PSP (PSP-RS) were evaluated with the RBANS at baseline, six months, and one year with alternate forms. Results: When using dependent t-tests, significant declines were observed on all Indexes of the RBANS from baseline to six months (ps
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - September 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Duff K, Randolph C, Boxer AL Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Academic aptitude mediates the relationship between socioeconomic status and race in predicting ImPACT scores in college athletes.
Conclusions: Academic aptitude, a stable indicator of premorbid cognitive function, consistently and most strongly predicted baseline ImPACT scores in collegiate student-athletes. Concussion and eRHIE history demonstrated a small positive, but non-significant, relationship with cognitive scores at the time of college athletic participation. This study suggests that attempts to characterize cognitive ability across the lifespan must consider premorbid functioning and sociodemographic variables. PMID: 31549576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - September 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Houck ZM, Asken BM, Bauer RM, Caccese JB, Buckley TA, McCrea MA, McAllister TW, Broglio SP, Clugston JR, Care,Consortium Investigators Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Sex-, age-, and education-adjusted norms for Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery  in literate Sri Lankan adults.
Conclusions: We propose sex-, age- and education-adjusted CANTAB norms for Sri Lankans aged 20-64 years and supplement the regression formulae with a calculator that produces predicted and standard scores of a given test subject. These norms would help in interpreting the results of clinical samples in future studies, taking into account the variability introduced by sex, age and education. PMID: 31537170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dassanayake TL, Ariyasinghe DI Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Identifying neuropsychologically impaired physicians.
Conclusions: Using conservative criteria derived from normal community physicians, we could identify a substantial subgroup of clinically-referred physicians who are unambiguously neurocognitively impaired. Replication and refinement of our method with larger samples are recommended, as are the development of specialty-specific criteria for impairment. PMID: 31537179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Del Bene VA, Brandt J Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The other face of illness-deception: Diagnostic criteria for factitious disorder with proposed standards for clinical practice and research.
Conclusions: Evidence for FD, a form of illness-deception, can be obtained by using validity testing, which, together with careful clinical observation, allows for the development of probabilistic diagnostic criteria. Similar to the other form of illness-deception - malingering - these criteria can be used to form known groups for research. PMID: 31535601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Chafetz MD, Bauer RM, Haley PS Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

A commentary for neuropsychologists on CDC's guideline on the diagnosis and management of mild traumatic brain injury among children.
Conclusions: Recommendations in the CDC Pediatric mTBI Guideline highlight multiple opportunities for neuropsychologists to take action to improve the care of young patients with mTBI and to advance research in the field. Multiple resources and tools are available to support implementation of these recommendations into clinical practice. PMID: 31530221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarmiento K, Gioia GA, Kirkwood MW, Wade SL, Yeates KO Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the Test of Memory Malingering  in adults: Two decades of deception detection.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of the Test of Memory Malingering  in adults: Two decades of deception detection. Clin Neuropsychol. 2019 Jul 30;:1-32 Authors: Martin PK, Schroeder RW, Olsen DH, Maloy H, Boettcher A, Ernst N, Okut H Abstract Objective: The present study, adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) to examine traditional and alternative cutoffs across Trial 1, Trial 2, and Retention. Method: Search criteria identified 539 articles p...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin PK, Schroeder RW, Olsen DH, Maloy H, Boettcher A, Ernst N, Okut H Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Utility of the D-KEFS Color Word Interference Test as an embedded measure of performance validity.
Conclusion: Scoring ≤18 on the sum of all conditions on the CWIT appears to be an optimal cutoff for performance invalidity detection in non-demented samples. PMID: 31352854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Eglit GML, Jurick SM, Delis DC, Filoteo JV, Bondi MW, Jak AJ Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

A Comparison of Performance Validity Measures in Predicting MMPI-2 Lie Scale Results.
This study examined the relationship between tests of performance validity (PVT) and symptom validity (SVT) among claimants undergoing independent neuropsychological evaluations. Previous research comparing PVTs with SVTs has examined symptom validity with respect to overreporting impairment, whereas the current study focused on how PVTs predict underreporting of psychological symptoms and minimization of negative personality characteristics. Method: The sample included 99 claimants presenting with psychological and cognitive complaints who were assessed in a private practice setting. Participants were administered several...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Richey LN, Doninger NA Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Evaluation of a performance-rating method to assess awareness of cognitive functioning in Huntington's disease.
Conclusions: This is the first study to use a performance-rating method for examining awareness in HD. Patients could reliably use this performance-based bell curve method to provide accurate estimations of their performance and as a group they tended to overestimate performance as has been demonstrated in previous studies. Unlike previous studies using self-report methodology, we also demonstrated decreased awareness in the persons with HD with less severe motor impairment using the performance-rating method, suggesting the two methods may measure different constructs of awareness. PMID: 31322031 [PubMed - as supplie...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hergert DC, Haaland KY, Cimino CR Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Effects of age and education on clock-drawing performance by elderly adults in China.
Abstract Objective: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is widely used as a cognitive screening tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of gender, age, and education on CDT scores in a sample of elderly, community-dwelling adults in China. Methods: The sample was derived from a cross-sectional survey, "The study on the early screening methods for senile dementia." It included Chinese-speaking persons 65 years of age or older with normal cognitive functioning. All the participants underwent neuropsychological assessments, including the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the ...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shanhu X, Linhui C, Xiaoqing J, Jing Y, Saizhu X, Ying X, Caixia L, Yu J Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Robust normative standards for the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) ages 60-89: A tool for early detection of memory impairment.
Conclusions: These norms set a higher standard for what should be considered "normal" in the spectrum of age-related memory changes and may help clinicians identify patients with memory and potential neurodegenerative changes in the earliest stages, further optimizing clinical management and clinical trial stratification. As with any standard, these robust norms are only appropriately utilized with patients that closely match the demographic profile of the individuals represented in the sample used for this study. PMID: 31322042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kramer AO, Casaletto KB, Umlauf A, Staffaroni AM, Fox E, You M, Kramer JH Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Digit Span embedded validity indicators in neurologically-intact veterans.
This study evaluated Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th edition (WAIS-IV) Digit Span validity indicators in post-deployment veterans. Method: Neurologically-intact veterans completed structured diagnostic interviews, the WAIS-IV, the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT), and the b Test as part of a larger study. The Noncredible group included individuals who failed either the MSVT or the b Test. Of the total sample (N = 275), 21.09% failed the MSVT and/or b Test. Diagnostic accuracy was calculated predicting group status across cutoff scores on two Digit Span variables, four Reliable Digit Span (RDS) vari...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shura RD, Martindale SL, Taber KH, Higgins AM, Rowland JA Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Prospective memory partially mediates the association between aging and everyday functioning.
Conclusions: These cross-sectional data suggest that executively demanding aspects of declarative memory play an important partial mediating role between an individual factor (i.e. age) and daily life activities, and highlight the possible benefit of targeting PM for improving everyday functioning in older adults. PMID: 31304859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sheppard DP, Matchanova A, Sullivan KL, Kazimi SI, Woods SP Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Examination of the reliability and validity of the NAB Naming Test in a diverse clinical sample.
Conclusion: In a diverse clinical sample with differing levels of self-reported language status, the NAB Naming Test demonstrated adequate psychometric properties. Although it represents a viable option in neuropsychological practice, continued awareness of patient-specific factors that could impact performance is recommended. PMID: 31282285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Messerly J, Marceaux JC Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Program Guide for Division 40 (Society forClinical Neuropsychology) at the annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, August 8-11, 2019; Chicago, IL.
PMID: 31282291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Okonkwo O Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The differential influence of computerized neuropsychological assessment across psychopathology.
Conclusions: Findings suggest that equivalence between the manual and computerized versions of the WCST depends on the WCST subscale and the type of psychological symptom. New normative data need to be developed for the computerized WCST, along with a more consistent method of scoring and interpreting WCST subscales. PMID: 31240998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - June 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Singh SM, Soble JR, Young MA Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Auditory memory span in Mandarin-speaking preschoolers with congenital hearing loss: Impact of task structure.
Conclusions: When speech processes are not required in an auditory working memory task, demand for the phonological loop is reduced and the children with hearing loss are able to perform as well as the hearing children. Moreover, the auditory memory span develops at the same rate for the children with hearing loss as for the hearing children. PMID: 31208289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lo M, Lin YX, Chen SY, Chen PH, Lin CY Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The brief Dimensional Apathy Scale: A short clinical assessment of apathy.
Conclusions: This study presents the b-DAS, an informant/carer-based robust yet short multidimensional apathy instrument with good convergent and divergent validity, with recommended clinical cutoffs. The b-DAS is appropriate for use in the clinic and for research to quickly and comprehensively screen for apathy subtype impairments. PMID: 31154933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - June 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Radakovic R, McGrory S, Chandran S, Swingler R, Pal S, Stephenson L, Colville S, Newton J, Starr JM, Abrahams S Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

A comparison of neuropsychological function between monozygotic twins with neurofibromatosis, type 1: A case report.
Conclusions: Intrapair similarities and differences on neuropsychological assessment were found between monozygotic twins with NF-1. Primary deficits were suggestive of a frontal-subcortical pattern and could be consistent with remote neuroimaging. When differences did occur, performance was typically better for Twin A, who had also showed greater improvement on neuroimaging. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. Specifically, this case demonstrates the need for inclusion of neuropsychological assessment in studies of larger cohorts of monozygotic twins with NF-1 and correlation of neuropsychologic...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - June 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pendergrass C, Peraza J Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Historical perspectives on evolving operational definitions of concussive brain injury: From railway spine to sport-related concussion.
Abstract Objective: Concussion is a clinical syndrome of biomechanically induced alteration in brain function. The historical derivation of current operational definitions of uncomplicated concussive brain injury based on acute injury variables especially posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) vs. symptom presence (no PTA) are reviewed. Methods: Major milestones from 150 plus years of concussion research include (a) railway spine; (b) traumatic neurosis; (c) duration of loss of consciousness predicting severity of brain injury; (d) early neuropsychological studies; (e) sport related concussion; and (f) chronic traumatic ence...
Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gerard Gasquoine P Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research