What makes us uncomfortable helps us change.
PMID: 33149348 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Stiles E Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics.
PMID: 33149349 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rollin BE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Laparoscopic ureteronephrectomy for the treatment of giant kidney worm infection in 2 dogs.
Abstract One male and one female dog were presented with giant kidney worm infection in the right kidney. Infection was identified through visualization of intra-renal Dioctophyme renale on abdominal ultrasound. Both dogs underwent right-sided laparoscopic ureteronephrectomy for treatment of the giant kidney worm infection. Additional adult worms were extirpated from the peritoneal cavity of both dogs. Both dogs recovered without complication from anesthesia and surgery and were discharged within 24 hours after surgery. Laparoscopic ureteronephrectomy has not previously been described for the treatment of giant ki...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hart E, Singh A, Peregrine A, Sanchez A, Zur Linden A, Jensen M, Appleby R, Hagen CRM, Wan J, Larose P Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Constrictive myelopathy secondary to caudal articular vertebral process dysplasia in West Highland white terrier dogs.
dal P Abstract Clinical signs, imaging findings and long-term follow-up of 3 West Highland white terrier dogs with constrictive myelopathy secondary to caudal articular vertebral process dysplasia are described. Clinical signs were consistent with an acute or chronic T3-L3 myelopathy in all dogs. Diagnostic imaging revealed hypoplasia or aplasia of the caudal articular vertebral processes, extradural compressive myelographic pattern (hourglass-like pattern) with a reduced diameter of the spinal cord, and focal thickening of extradural soft tissues. Medical treatment initially improved the clinical signs in 2 dogs;...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ros C, de la Fuente C, de Carellán Mateo AG, Laborda-Vidal P Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Equine small intestinal angiomatosis.
Abstract Multiple red, raised nodules multifocally distributed along the serosal surface of the normal and the nonviable jejunum were identified in a 24-year-old neutered male horse undergoing surgery for removal of the strangulating lipoma around the jejunum. Histologically, these nodules consisted of many significantly and variably dilated, blood-filled vascular channels lined by a single layer of flattened, well-differentiated endothelial cells with occasional thrombi within a mildly thickened fibrous stroma. A diagnosis of intestinal angiomatosis was proposed. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Zhang M, Dickinson RM Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Spinal subarachnoid diverticula in dogs: A review.
Abstract Spinal subarachnoid diverticula are fluid dilations of the subarachnoid space that can cause a compressive myelopathy in dogs. These diverticula are usually associated with high motion areas in the cervical and caudal thoracic spine. The definitive etiopathogenesis has not been determined but likely involves congenital or acquired causes. Pugs, French bulldogs, and Rottweilers are overrepresented breeds. Clinical signs typically include ataxia, paresis, and upper motor neuron urinary and/or fecal incontinence; pain is a less common feature. Diagnosis is based on advanced imaging, with magnetic resonance i...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Smith CJ, Guevar J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The relationship between hemoglobin levels at weaning and growth performance and antibody response in nursery pigs.
The objectives of this study were to determine whether weaned pigs with low hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations grow more slowly and produce poorer antibody response to vaccination compared to pigs with normal Hb concentrations, and to study the association between high levels of zinc oxide in feed and continued anemia in pigs during the nursery phase. At weaning, pigs were classified as anemic ( 110 g/L Hb). Pigs were vaccinated twice against Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and antibody response was measured 3 weeks after the last vaccination. Two trials were performed with diets containing 150 mg/kg of zinc oxide and a third trial w...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Seip V, Friendship R, Amezcua R, Farzan A Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Comparison of the efficacy of 2 sedative protocols in pediatric dogs undergoing brainstem auditory-evoked response testing.
This study compared the quality of sedation with dexmedetomidine or alfaxalone during brainstem auditory-evoked response (BAER) tests in 6- to 17-week-old dogs. This was a prospective, randomized clinical study involving 19 client-owned pediatric dogs of breeds with reported congenital deafness. Group A (GA) received alfaxalone, 2 mg/kg body weight (BW) (n = 9) and group D (GD) dexmedetomidine, 0.005 mg/kg BW, and postprocedure antagonism with atipamezole (n = 10) intramuscularly. Time from injection to sedation, duration of sedation, sedation scores, need for re-dosing, rectal temperature, pulse and respiratory rate were ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: de Carellán Mateo AG, Álvarez ER, Ros C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Effects of exercise, furosemide, blood depletion, and reinfusion on body fluid compartment volumes in horses.
The objective of this study was to use bioimpedance spectroscopy to assess body fluid compartment volumes under 3 conditions in 6 racehorses: i) Pre- and post-supramaximal treadmill exercise (control); ii) Exercise 4 hours after furosemide (0.5 mg/kg body weight, IV); iii) Exercise, removal of ~14 L of blood and subsequent reinfusion of the blood. Statistical analysis used linear mixed effects models. Body compartment volumes did not change during the control runs. Total body water (TBW) (P = 0.007, P = 0.007), extracellular fluid (ECF) (P = 0.003, P = 0.003), and intracellular fluid (ICF) volumes (P = 0.04, P = 0.04) decr...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: McCrae P, Guigand C, Jones KB, Thueson ES, Troudt TA, Warlick LM, Sides RH, Jones JH, Bayly WM, Léguillette R Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Where do deans of veterinary medicine in the United States and Canada come from?
This study analyzed the educational and experiential backgrounds as well as the ethnicity and gender of veterinary medical college deans in the United States and Canada. Data were collected on the deans using public sources from 1966 when the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges was started, until 2018. It was found that the advent of specialty colleges led to more visibility of clinical credentials of deans; about 17% of the deans were pathologists, and few deans came from basic science disciplines. The data show that an overwhelming majority of deans have been Caucasian male and very few were racialized/no...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gill G, Singh B Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

A retrospective study on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. isolated from horses admitted to a Canadian veterinary teaching hospital between 2008 and 2018.
te; F Abstract The goals of this retrospective study were to: determine the frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. (MRS) isolated from horses admitted to an equine veterinary teaching hospital in Quebec from 2008 to 2018, investigate the patterns of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and evaluate the distribution of MRS and methicillin-sensitive Staphyloccocus spp. (MSS) by body site. During this period, 311 Staphylococcus spp. were isolated from 273 horses and 127 of these isolates were submitted to antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Of these 127 isolates, 24 (18.9%) were MRS, and among the S. aur...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Roudaud M, Allano M, Fairbrother JH, Sauvé F Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Sudden death due to acute hemoabdomen and hypovolemia from a ruptured splenic hemangiosarcoma in a German shepherd dog.
Abstract A 12-year-old neutered male German shepherd dog was evaluated after dying suddenly at home. A few hours prior to the unexpected death the dog displayed anorexia and lethargy. Post-mortem examination and histopathology led to a diagnosis of marked hemoabdomen and hypovolemia due to a single ruptured splenic hemangiosarcoma. PMID: 33149359 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lang B Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Moving from compassion fatigue to compassion resilience Part 4: Signs and consequences of compassion fatigue.
PMID: 33149360 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Stoewen DL Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Widening the lead: Non-DVM wages and inflation.
PMID: 33149361 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Doherty C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Diagnostic Ophthalmology.
PMID: 33149362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sandmeyer LS, Leis M, Osinchuk S Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Feline dermatophytosis: Clinical features and diagnostic testing.
PMID: 33149363 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Bajwa J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

We are family.
PMID: 33012816 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gyles C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics.
PMID: 33012817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rollin BE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

A rare case of malignant vagus nerve sheath tumor presenting with multiple cranial nerve dysfunction in a dog.
Abstract A 5-year-old intact male Gascon Saintongeois dog was presented with a 6-month history of coughing, laryngeal paralysis, a deglutition disorder of gradual onset, and left-sided Horner's syndrome. The dog was admitted as an emergency for acute central vestibular signs. Magnetic resonance images identified a left extra-axial brainstem lesion extending caudally from the medulla to the vagosympathetic trunk. Histological and immunohistological examination revealed a high grade epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). This case report is the first description of a MPNST of the vagus nerve co...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Giraud L, Lezmi S, Gomes E, Cauzinille L Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Investigation of clinical outbreaks of American foulbrood in honey-bee operations in Saskatchewan.
Abstract Four outbreaks of American foulbrood were investigated in honey-bee operations in Saskatchewan during the summer of 2019. Clinical signs were confirmed by the Saskatchewan Provincial Specialist in Apiculture and the causative agent was cultured and identified through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Evaluation of management practices revealed off-label metaphylactic use of oxytetracycline in 3 of 4 operations and a discontinuation of antibiotic use in the fourth. Recent regulatory changes regarding access to medically important antimicrobials has...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Zabrodski MW, Wilson G, Moshynskyy I, Wentzell A, Wood SC, Klein CD, Kozii IV, de Mattos IM, Epp T, Simko E Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Primary hyperlipidemia with associated ischemic strokes in a West Highland white terrier dog.
Abstract A 3-year-old spayed female, West Highland white terrier dog was evaluated because of a 4-month history of recurrent brain clinical signs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multifocal brain lesions consistent with ischemic injuries. Blood analysis was unremarkable aside from severe hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia with no underlying cause, suggesting primary hyperlipidemia. The patient was treated for hyperlipidemia and started on a low-fat diet and omega-3 supplementation. Clinical signs resolved over the following 12 months along with improvement in lipidemia. This represents the fir...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Everest S, Castillo G, Gaitero L Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The Story of Lexi, and a Dream that Follows Her.
PMID: 33012821 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Zigler M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Factors associated with the adoption of technologies by the Canadian dairy industry.
Abstract Data generated from Statistics Canada's 2016 Census of Agriculture and Census of Population were used to describe the adoption of 8 technologies by the Canadian dairy industry: computer/laptop, smartphone/tablet, auto-steering, auto-feeding, auto-environment, robotic milking, global positioning systems (GPS), and geographical information systems (GIS). Logistic regression was used to analyze the adoption of each technology by geographical region, operators' gender, operators' age, herd size, and number of operators per farm. Gender and age were marginally related to the level of adoption of each technolog...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jelinski MD, Kelton DF, Luby C, Waldner C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Outcome following surgical stabilization of distal diaphyseal and supracondylar femoral fractures in dogs.
Abstract Signalment, clinical features, fixation techniques, complications, and outcome for dogs presenting with distal diaphyseal and supracondylar femoral fractures were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 45 dogs with unilateral femoral fractures were included. Supracondylar femoral plates were the most popular method of fixation. However, various fixation techniques resulted in favorable outcomes in most dogs with 19/45 cases achieving full function and 22/45 achieving acceptable function. Degree of fracture comminution did not appear to affect complication rate or be a surrogate for worse clinical outcome. ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Silveira F, Monotti IC, Cronin AM, Macdonald NJ, Rutherford S, Tiffinger K, Faux I, Rincon-Alvarez J, Kulendra E, Tavola F, Santos B, Burton NJ Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Effect of intravenous fluid warming on core body temperature during elective orthopedic procedures.
Abstract The effects of intravenous (IV) fluid warming on core body temperature in a group of dogs undergoing an elective orthopedic procedure was studied. An IV fluid warmer was used alone or in conjunction with forced warmed air to determine the individual or additive effects of IV fluid warming. These effects were compared to those in dogs with no heat support or those with only forced warmed air in a randomized prospective study design. The conclusion was that IV fluid warming had no effect on the maintenance or preservation of core body temperature in this population of dogs, and that, as previous reports hav...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Brady RBE, Poppell WT Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Incidence of incisional complications after exploratory celiotomy in equids affected with enterolithiasis.
This study reports the prevalence of and risk factors for incisional complications in equids after ventral midline celiotomy for enterolithiasis. This study covered the years 2008 to 2015 and included 72 equids. Enteroliths were removed from the ascending or descending colon through 1 or more enterotomies. Complications were defined as surgical site infection and/or incisional hernia formation. Follow-up by telephone questionnaire or medical records determined that 10/72 (13.9%) equids experienced complications, with 6/72 (8.3%) developing a surgical site infection and 5/72 (6.9%) a hernia. Seven of ten were presented for ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Crosa AT, Katzman SA, Kelleher ME, Nieto JE, Kilcoyne I, Dechant JE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Influence of abdominal elevation on radiographic measurements of the thoracolumbar interspinous spaces in asymptomatic horses.
The objective of this study was to determine if abdominal elevation could induce radiographically visible widening of the interspinous spaces in the thoracolumbar region of standing sedated horses and facilitate the surgical approach to the region. Radiographs centered on T13 and T18 were taken while applying different degrees of tension on a wide strap placed under the abdomen of 7 healthy horses. Then, the interspinous spaces between T11 and L2 were measured following a standardized method. The interspinous spaces widen radiographically between T11 to L2, except for T18-L1. Thus, the reported technique could potentially ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Pigé C, Masseau I, Bonilla AG Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Ixodes scapularis ticks and Borrelia burgdorferi on Prince Edward Island: Passive tick surveillance and canine seroprevalence.
The objective of the study was to determine the infection prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, a causative agent of Lyme disease, in the province's ticks and the seroprevalence in its dogs. It was found that 97.8% (n = 368) of ticks submitted were Ixodes scapularis, a species capable of transmitting Borrelia burgdorferi; 10.3% of these ticks [95% confidence interval (CI): 3.6% to 17.0%] were infected. Provincial canine seroprevalence for the 199 submitted samples was estimated at 3.0% (95% CI: 1.0% to 5.1%). PMID: 33012828 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Foley-Eby AH, Savidge C, Lloyd VK Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Left-sided dacryostenosis in a dog.
Abstract A 1.5-year-old neutered male black Labrador retriever dog was presented to a referral teaching hospital for evaluation of chronic, continuous, mucoid discharge and associated conjunctivitis of the left eye. Nasolacrimal flush revealed a patent duct on the right side but not on the left side. Computed tomography (CT) with a dacryocystogram identified severe stenosis or atresia of the left nasolacrimal duct. The patient was referred to a veterinary ophthalmologist for a reconstruction of the left nasolacrimal system. Ultimately, a conjunctivobuccostomy was performed and resolved all ocular clinical signs. K...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Erjavec J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Fixed and flexible practice communication.
PMID: 33012830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 30, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Milani M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Let's do this Canada! COVID-19, you can't get rid of us without a fight!
PMID: 32879516 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Stiles E Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics.
PMID: 32879517 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rollin BE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Osteosarcoma of the proximal tibia in a dog 6 years after tibial tuberosity advancement.
Abstract A 9-year-old spayed female Cane Corso dog was presented with a 1-week history of an acute right hind limb non-weight-bearing lameness. Six years previously, a right tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) procedure had been performed. Orthogonal radiographs of the right pelvic limb taken before presentation revealed a comminuted displaced mid-diaphyseal tibial fracture. An aggressive bone lesion with osteolysis and periosteal reaction of the proximal tibia were evident that were most consistent with a primary bone tumor. The owner elected to have the dog euthanized. After euthanasia a fine-needle aspirate of ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sharma S, Boston SE, Riddle D, Isakow K Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Concurrent bullous emphysema, bronchointerstitial pneumonia with necrosis, and tension pneumothorax in an 8-week-old puppy.
Abstract An 8-week-old, male, mixed breed puppy was presented because of progressive respiratory distress. Thoracic radiographs revealed innumerable coalescing pulmonary bullae throughout the lungs with increased soft tissue opacity of the remaining pulmonary parenchyma and tension pneumothorax. Necropsy and histopathological findings were compatible with bullous emphysema and marked neutrophilic to histiocytic bronchointerstitial pneumonia with necrosis, bronchiectasis, fibrosis, dystrophic mineralization, and vasculitis with thrombosis. Tests for agents of infectious disease did not reveal an underlying etiologi...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Brand EM, Lim CK, Biswell E, Jones-Hall Y, Heng HG Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Pathology associated with ophidiomycosis in wild snakes in Ontario, Canada.
Abstract Ophidiomycosis (snake fungal disease) is the most common cause of skin lesions in free-ranging snakes in North America. Naturally infected snakes with ophidiomycosis (9 carcasses, 12 biopsies) were examined grossly and histologically. These cases comprised 32% of the 66 snake cases submitted to the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative-Ontario/Nunavut Node in 2012 through 2018. Affected species included the eastern foxsnake (Pantherophis vulpinus; n = 15), gray ratsnake (Pantherophis spiloides; n = 3), eastern massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus; n = 2), and queensnake (Regina septemvittata; n = 1). Severity o...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: McKenzie CM, Oesterle PT, Stevens B, Shirose L, Lillie BN, Davy CM, Jardine CM, Nemeth NM Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Leishmania infantum infection in a dog imported from Morocco.
Abstract A mixed breed dog rescued from Morocco was presented at a Quebec veterinary practice for facial lesions. Leishmaniosis, an exotic disease caused by the zoonotic protozoan Leishmania infantum, was suspected. Genomic DNA extraction from blood samples and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to confirm L. infantum parasitemia. Parasites were successfully cultured from lesion biopsies, and dose-response assays demonstrated susceptibility to miltefosine, a drug that requires importation from Europe. Twenty-eight days of treatment led to the disappearance of lesions, but relapse occurred several months lat...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Wagner V, Douanne N, Fernandez-Prada C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Missing in action: Sustainable climate change adaptation evidence for animal health.
The objective of this study was to see if animal health climate change adaptation was a subject of scholarly inquiry, advice, or discussion and if there was an evidence base from which to make adaptation recommendations. A scoping review of English-language literature over the past 10 years was undertaken and the top findings related to animal health adaptation and climate change were inventoried on Google. Documents found in the search focussed predominantly on hypothesizing what hazards might occur with climate change, describing their spread or proposing possible impacts. Scant evidence was found of scholarship related ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Stephen C, Wade J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Radiographic tracheal dimensions in brachycephalic breeds before and after surgical treatment for brachycephalic airway syndrome.
The objective of this retrospective study was to compare preoperative and postoperative tracheal measurements in brachycephalic dogs undergoing surgical treatment of brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) using 2 radiographic methods (TD:TI and TT:3R). Medical records of 24 brachycephalic dogs with surgically corrected BAS were reviewed. Represented breeds included English bulldogs (n = 9), French bulldogs (n = 9), pugs (n = 5), and a Japanese chin (n = 1). Dogs with BAS that had postoperative thoracic radiographs ≤ 1 week after surgery showed no significant difference in the mean TD:TI ratios (P = 0.06) or mean TT:3R rat...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Regier PJ, Grosso FV, Stone HK, van Santen E Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Detection of DNA from undeclared animal species in commercial canine and feline raw meat diets using qPCR.
Abstract The best diagnostic test for cutaneous adverse food reactions (CAFR) in companion animals is an elimination diet and subsequent provocation trials. Many commercial diets contain novel protein ingredients used in elimination diets, and selection is based on label ingredients. Raw meat-based diets (RMBD) have become increasingly commercially available, gaining popularity despite potential health risks. Reliability of RMBD based on label ingredients has not been investigated. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), 9 canine and 9 feline commercial RMBD were assessed for reliability of species-sp...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Cox A, Defalque VE, Udenberg TJ, Barnum S, Wademan C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Compliance with the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines on 50 horse farms in Prince Edward Island.
The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of horse farms on Prince Edward Island, Canada that comply with the requirements of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines (Code). An investigator performed on-farm assessments while administering a questionnaire to owners of 50 horse farms. The percentage of farms in compliance with specific requirements in the Code ranged from 20% to 100% per requirement. The largest areas of non-compliance regarding facilities and housing were the lack of the ability to segregate sick or injured animals and the lack of an emergency action plan. It was determi...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: MacMillan KM, Millican LJ, Burns JJ, McClure JT, Vanderstichel R Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Characterization of the use of shock wave therapy among equine veterinarians.
Abstract Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) research has prioritized mechanism of action and efficacy. Data regarding frequency of use and clinical opinion are not available. A web-based survey was offered to members of the American Association of Equine Practitioners; 144 responses were obtained. Frequency of ESWT use by respondents was as follows: daily by 8.3% (12/144), at least once weekly by 36.8% (53/144), at least once per month by 22.9% (33/144), less than once per month by 19.4% (28/144), and never by 12.5% (18/144) of respondents. The most common reason for use was to treat ligamentous injuries. Op...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: MacKay AV, McOnie RC, Riddell LP, Robinson KA Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Sertoli cell tumor/mixed germ cell-stromal cell tumor as separate neoplasms in a bilaterally cryptorchid dog.
Abstract An 11-year-old miniature poodle dog was presented with bilateral flank alopecia, gynecomastia, severe thrombocytopenia, and preputial edema. Based on characteristic clinical and hematological findings of hyperestrogenism and the presence of a caudal abdominal mass, a Sertoli cell tumor (SCT) was diagnosed. After a platelet concentrate transfusion, the SCT was surgically removed in addition to an atrophied contralateral testicle containing a mixed germ cell-stromal cell tumor. Recovery was uneventful. This combination of different neoplasms in separate testicles has yet to be documented. Key clinical messa...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: DeForge TL Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Comparing the prevalence of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) toxicities in dogs before and after legalization of cannabis in Canada.
PMID: 32879528 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Joffe M, Joffe D Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Can equine urticaria be cured?
te; F PMID: 32879529 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sauvé F Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The final gift.
PMID: 32879530 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Skentelbery L Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Diagnostic Ophthalmology.
PMID: 32879531 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Levitt S, Osinchuk S, Sandmeyer L Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The response across Canada: Highlights of the National COVID-19 Survey.
PMID: 32879532 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - August 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Doherty C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

February 2020 ethical question of the month and May 2020 response - Comments.
PMID: 32741979 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - July 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gillies M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

February 2020 ethical question of the month and May 2020 response - Comments.
PMID: 32741980 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - July 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Klopfenstein C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

February 2020 ethical question of the month and May 2020 response - Comments.
PMID: 32741981 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - July 31, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jalbert A Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research