Collegiality, cooperation, and collaboration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):913-914.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475576 | PMC:PMC8360306 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Louis Kwantes Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):917-918.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475577 | PMC:PMC8360308 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Arthroscopic removal of an intra-articular screw causing joint impingement after distal femoral fracture repair in a dog
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):939-944.ABSTRACTThe use of lag screws to treat femoral condyle fractures is common, and their placement in surgery is technically demanding. Intra-articular screw impingement is a serious complication that may occur during surgical treatment of femoral condyle fractures. Here, we describe the case of a 3-year-old 40-kg dog which experienced recurrent lameness 6 mo after successful surgical treatment of a comminuted medial femoral condyle fracture due to an intra-articular non-loosening screw causing joint impingement. Removal of the conflicting screw was performed arthroscopically, based on its ab...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jean-Guillaume Grand Source Type: research

Excellent long-term clinical outcome in a young athletic dog following surgical complications of a comminuted patellar fracture and patellar ligament rupture
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):945-950.ABSTRACTA 1-year-old athletic golden retriever dog was presented for a non-weight-bearing right pelvic limb lameness that occurred during a canicross race. Orthopedic examination revealed pain and inflammation of the right stifle joint. Radiographs showed a traumatic comminuted patellar fracture. Surgery was elected and a midsubstance patellar ligament rupture was also identified. Surgical management consisted of a combination of techniques for patellar fracture fixation and primary patellar ligament reconstruction. All orthopedic implants were removed secondary to implant failure. Postope...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Beno ît Cruciani Dominique Gagnon Mila Freire Xavier Montasell Source Type: research

A review of pre-appointment medications to reduce fear and anxiety in dogs and cats at veterinary visits
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):952-960.ABSTRACTThis review focuses on pre-appointment medications used to decrease fear and anxiety in dogs and cats related to veterinary visits. A review of the literature revealed data on 4 medications from 4 medication classes that have been used to ameliorate acute situational fear and anxiety in dogs and cats: gabapentin, trazodone, oral transmucosal dexmedetomidine, and alprazolam. The available information on use, mechanism of action, and pharmacokinetics is reviewed.PMID:34475580 | PMC:PMC8360309 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amelia Erickson Kaylin Harbin Justine MacPherson Kate Rundle Karen L Overall Source Type: research

Influence of maternal, anesthetic, and surgical factors on neonatal survival after emergency cesarean section in 78 dogs: A retrospective study (2002 to 2020)
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):961-968.ABSTRACTNeonatal mortality rate (NMR) may be affected by maternal physical condition, anesthesia, and uterine incision or en-bloc neonate removal. The association of selected factors with number of dogs with dead puppies at hospital discharge was evaluated using 78 records. Data obtained at admittance for emergency cesarean section included: age, small or large body size, rectal temperature, packed cell volume, serum total protein, blood urea nitrogen, glucose, puppy in pelvic canal, and heart rate. Administration of opioids, propofol, alfaxalone, isoflurane, and sevoflurane, and anesthesi...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Keaton Schmidt Cindy Feng Tingxuan Wu Tanya Duke-Novakovski Source Type: research

Retrospective evaluation of maropitant and perioperative factors affecting postoperative appetite in cats
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):969-974.ABSTRACTThe primary goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of postoperative appetite return in cats premedicated with maropitant citrate. Medical records of 75 cats admitted for gastrointestinal (GI) and urogenital (UG) surgeries were reviewed and analyzed. Buprenorphine analgesia was used with 36 cats (48%) premedicated with maropitant and 39 cats (52%) that were used as a control group. No significant differences in postoperative appetite return were reported with maropitant premedication compared to controls. Age, breed, preoperative weight, surgery type, surgery an...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Leah S Park Michael G Hoelzler Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur in the metacarpophalangeal joint after standing intravenous regional limb perfusion in horses
This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur after intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP). Six horses were involved in 3 IVRLP sessions. For each session, operators with varying clinical experience placed the tourniquet. A wide-rubber tourniquet was applied in the antebrachium as 2 g of ceftiofur in a total volume of 100 mL was injected into the cephalic vein. Plasma and metacarpophalangeal synovial fluid samples were obtained to evaluate perfusate leakage and synovial fluid concentrations of ceftiofur over 24 h. Overall, mean plasma concentrations were not significantly different before and after tourniq...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Alvaro G Bonilla Lisa Causeret Albert Torrent-Crosa Source Type: research

The effects of xylazine or detomidine when used as a pre-anesthetic sedative on recovery quality and duration in horses undergoing elective equine castration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):982-986.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this prospective, blinded, randomized clinical trial was to compare the effects of low dose detomidine to xylazine on recovery quality and duration in a castration procedure. Horses were administered either detomidine [0.015 mg/kg body weight (BW)] or xylazine (1.1 mg/kg BW) intravenously (IV) before IV induction with ketamine (2.2 mg/kg BW) and diazepam (0.05 mg/kg BW). Two anesthesiologists who were unaware of treatment allocation scored the recoveries using a simple descriptive scale (with a low number representing the most desirable recovery) and recoveries were ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sarah K Jarosinski Bradley T Simon Rylee Hatfield Nora S Matthews Carolyn E Arnold Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal injuries in Standardbred racehorses on Prince Edward Island
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):987-993.ABSTRACTA study of musculoskeletal injuries in Standardbred racehorses on Prince Edward Island was conducted to determine the incidence and risk factors for injury. Monthly information was collected from 10 trainers and 153 Standardbred horses over a 12-month period. Seventeen new injuries were identified in pacers, representing a horse level incidence risk of 23% and an incidence rate of injury of 2.19 per horse-month at risk. Forty-one percent of the injuries occurred during a race, 53% during training and 6% during jogging. Fourteen horses had experienced a previous injury and 3 of thes...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jamye Rouette Michael S Cockram Javier Sanchez Kathleen M MacMillan Source Type: research

Evaluation of noninvasive blood pressure in anesthetized horses: Bias, limits of agreement, and comparative detection of a predetermined mean blood pressure warranting treatment
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):994-998.ABSTRACTOscillometric blood pressure monitoring may be a practical tool for short procedures or those performed outside of the operating room. Oscillometric and direct blood pressure values in 30 juvenile and adult horses in a clinical setting using mixed effect models were compared. The limits of agreement and percentage errors were also calculated. We evaluated the sensitivity and false positive rate for the oscillometric method to trigger an intervention for treating blood pressure [direct mean arterial pressure (MAP)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Shalini Radhakrishnan Augusto M Lorenzutti Joaquin D Araos Manuel Martin-Flores Source Type: research

Commentary on the CVMA workforce survey
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1000.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475587 | PMC:PMC8360319 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sharon Bell Source Type: research

Staphylococcal cutaneous infection in horses: From the early 2000s to the present
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1001-1006.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475588 | PMC:PMC8360305 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Fr édéric Sauvé Source Type: research

Diagnostic Ophthalmology
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1007-1010.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475589 | PMC:PMC8360302 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lynne S Sandmeyer Danica R Lucyshyn Stephanie Osinchuk Source Type: research

Taking the pulse of your practice and the profession: The Practice Owners Economic Survey
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1011-1013.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475590 | PMC:PMC8360330 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Darren Osborne Chris Doherty Source Type: research

Collegiality, cooperation, and collaboration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):913-914.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475576 | PMC:PMC8360306 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Louis Kwantes Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):917-918.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475577 | PMC:PMC8360308 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Arthroscopic removal of an intra-articular screw causing joint impingement after distal femoral fracture repair in a dog
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):939-944.ABSTRACTThe use of lag screws to treat femoral condyle fractures is common, and their placement in surgery is technically demanding. Intra-articular screw impingement is a serious complication that may occur during surgical treatment of femoral condyle fractures. Here, we describe the case of a 3-year-old 40-kg dog which experienced recurrent lameness 6 mo after successful surgical treatment of a comminuted medial femoral condyle fracture due to an intra-articular non-loosening screw causing joint impingement. Removal of the conflicting screw was performed arthroscopically, based on its ab...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jean-Guillaume Grand Source Type: research

Excellent long-term clinical outcome in a young athletic dog following surgical complications of a comminuted patellar fracture and patellar ligament rupture
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):945-950.ABSTRACTA 1-year-old athletic golden retriever dog was presented for a non-weight-bearing right pelvic limb lameness that occurred during a canicross race. Orthopedic examination revealed pain and inflammation of the right stifle joint. Radiographs showed a traumatic comminuted patellar fracture. Surgery was elected and a midsubstance patellar ligament rupture was also identified. Surgical management consisted of a combination of techniques for patellar fracture fixation and primary patellar ligament reconstruction. All orthopedic implants were removed secondary to implant failure. Postope...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Beno ît Cruciani Dominique Gagnon Mila Freire Xavier Montasell Source Type: research

A review of pre-appointment medications to reduce fear and anxiety in dogs and cats at veterinary visits
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):952-960.ABSTRACTThis review focuses on pre-appointment medications used to decrease fear and anxiety in dogs and cats related to veterinary visits. A review of the literature revealed data on 4 medications from 4 medication classes that have been used to ameliorate acute situational fear and anxiety in dogs and cats: gabapentin, trazodone, oral transmucosal dexmedetomidine, and alprazolam. The available information on use, mechanism of action, and pharmacokinetics is reviewed.PMID:34475580 | PMC:PMC8360309 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amelia Erickson Kaylin Harbin Justine MacPherson Kate Rundle Karen L Overall Source Type: research

Influence of maternal, anesthetic, and surgical factors on neonatal survival after emergency cesarean section in 78 dogs: A retrospective study (2002 to 2020)
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):961-968.ABSTRACTNeonatal mortality rate (NMR) may be affected by maternal physical condition, anesthesia, and uterine incision or en-bloc neonate removal. The association of selected factors with number of dogs with dead puppies at hospital discharge was evaluated using 78 records. Data obtained at admittance for emergency cesarean section included: age, small or large body size, rectal temperature, packed cell volume, serum total protein, blood urea nitrogen, glucose, puppy in pelvic canal, and heart rate. Administration of opioids, propofol, alfaxalone, isoflurane, and sevoflurane, and anesthesi...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Keaton Schmidt Cindy Feng Tingxuan Wu Tanya Duke-Novakovski Source Type: research

Retrospective evaluation of maropitant and perioperative factors affecting postoperative appetite in cats
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):969-974.ABSTRACTThe primary goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of postoperative appetite return in cats premedicated with maropitant citrate. Medical records of 75 cats admitted for gastrointestinal (GI) and urogenital (UG) surgeries were reviewed and analyzed. Buprenorphine analgesia was used with 36 cats (48%) premedicated with maropitant and 39 cats (52%) that were used as a control group. No significant differences in postoperative appetite return were reported with maropitant premedication compared to controls. Age, breed, preoperative weight, surgery type, surgery an...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Leah S Park Michael G Hoelzler Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur in the metacarpophalangeal joint after standing intravenous regional limb perfusion in horses
This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur after intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP). Six horses were involved in 3 IVRLP sessions. For each session, operators with varying clinical experience placed the tourniquet. A wide-rubber tourniquet was applied in the antebrachium as 2 g of ceftiofur in a total volume of 100 mL was injected into the cephalic vein. Plasma and metacarpophalangeal synovial fluid samples were obtained to evaluate perfusate leakage and synovial fluid concentrations of ceftiofur over 24 h. Overall, mean plasma concentrations were not significantly different before and after tourniq...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Alvaro G Bonilla Lisa Causeret Albert Torrent-Crosa Source Type: research

The effects of xylazine or detomidine when used as a pre-anesthetic sedative on recovery quality and duration in horses undergoing elective equine castration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):982-986.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this prospective, blinded, randomized clinical trial was to compare the effects of low dose detomidine to xylazine on recovery quality and duration in a castration procedure. Horses were administered either detomidine [0.015 mg/kg body weight (BW)] or xylazine (1.1 mg/kg BW) intravenously (IV) before IV induction with ketamine (2.2 mg/kg BW) and diazepam (0.05 mg/kg BW). Two anesthesiologists who were unaware of treatment allocation scored the recoveries using a simple descriptive scale (with a low number representing the most desirable recovery) and recoveries were ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sarah K Jarosinski Bradley T Simon Rylee Hatfield Nora S Matthews Carolyn E Arnold Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal injuries in Standardbred racehorses on Prince Edward Island
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):987-993.ABSTRACTA study of musculoskeletal injuries in Standardbred racehorses on Prince Edward Island was conducted to determine the incidence and risk factors for injury. Monthly information was collected from 10 trainers and 153 Standardbred horses over a 12-month period. Seventeen new injuries were identified in pacers, representing a horse level incidence risk of 23% and an incidence rate of injury of 2.19 per horse-month at risk. Forty-one percent of the injuries occurred during a race, 53% during training and 6% during jogging. Fourteen horses had experienced a previous injury and 3 of thes...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jamye Rouette Michael S Cockram Javier Sanchez Kathleen M MacMillan Source Type: research

Evaluation of noninvasive blood pressure in anesthetized horses: Bias, limits of agreement, and comparative detection of a predetermined mean blood pressure warranting treatment
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):994-998.ABSTRACTOscillometric blood pressure monitoring may be a practical tool for short procedures or those performed outside of the operating room. Oscillometric and direct blood pressure values in 30 juvenile and adult horses in a clinical setting using mixed effect models were compared. The limits of agreement and percentage errors were also calculated. We evaluated the sensitivity and false positive rate for the oscillometric method to trigger an intervention for treating blood pressure [direct mean arterial pressure (MAP)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Shalini Radhakrishnan Augusto M Lorenzutti Joaquin D Araos Manuel Martin-Flores Source Type: research

Commentary on the CVMA workforce survey
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1000.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475587 | PMC:PMC8360319 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sharon Bell Source Type: research

Staphylococcal cutaneous infection in horses: From the early 2000s to the present
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1001-1006.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475588 | PMC:PMC8360305 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Fr édéric Sauvé Source Type: research

Diagnostic Ophthalmology
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1007-1010.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475589 | PMC:PMC8360302 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lynne S Sandmeyer Danica R Lucyshyn Stephanie Osinchuk Source Type: research

Taking the pulse of your practice and the profession: The Practice Owners Economic Survey
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1011-1013.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475590 | PMC:PMC8360330 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Darren Osborne Chris Doherty Source Type: research

Collegiality, cooperation, and collaboration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):913-914.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475576 | PMC:PMC8360306 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Louis Kwantes Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):917-918.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475577 | PMC:PMC8360308 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Arthroscopic removal of an intra-articular screw causing joint impingement after distal femoral fracture repair in a dog
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):939-944.ABSTRACTThe use of lag screws to treat femoral condyle fractures is common, and their placement in surgery is technically demanding. Intra-articular screw impingement is a serious complication that may occur during surgical treatment of femoral condyle fractures. Here, we describe the case of a 3-year-old 40-kg dog which experienced recurrent lameness 6 mo after successful surgical treatment of a comminuted medial femoral condyle fracture due to an intra-articular non-loosening screw causing joint impingement. Removal of the conflicting screw was performed arthroscopically, based on its ab...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jean-Guillaume Grand Source Type: research

Excellent long-term clinical outcome in a young athletic dog following surgical complications of a comminuted patellar fracture and patellar ligament rupture
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):945-950.ABSTRACTA 1-year-old athletic golden retriever dog was presented for a non-weight-bearing right pelvic limb lameness that occurred during a canicross race. Orthopedic examination revealed pain and inflammation of the right stifle joint. Radiographs showed a traumatic comminuted patellar fracture. Surgery was elected and a midsubstance patellar ligament rupture was also identified. Surgical management consisted of a combination of techniques for patellar fracture fixation and primary patellar ligament reconstruction. All orthopedic implants were removed secondary to implant failure. Postope...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Beno ît Cruciani Dominique Gagnon Mila Freire Xavier Montasell Source Type: research

A review of pre-appointment medications to reduce fear and anxiety in dogs and cats at veterinary visits
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):952-960.ABSTRACTThis review focuses on pre-appointment medications used to decrease fear and anxiety in dogs and cats related to veterinary visits. A review of the literature revealed data on 4 medications from 4 medication classes that have been used to ameliorate acute situational fear and anxiety in dogs and cats: gabapentin, trazodone, oral transmucosal dexmedetomidine, and alprazolam. The available information on use, mechanism of action, and pharmacokinetics is reviewed.PMID:34475580 | PMC:PMC8360309 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amelia Erickson Kaylin Harbin Justine MacPherson Kate Rundle Karen L Overall Source Type: research

Influence of maternal, anesthetic, and surgical factors on neonatal survival after emergency cesarean section in 78 dogs: A retrospective study (2002 to 2020)
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):961-968.ABSTRACTNeonatal mortality rate (NMR) may be affected by maternal physical condition, anesthesia, and uterine incision or en-bloc neonate removal. The association of selected factors with number of dogs with dead puppies at hospital discharge was evaluated using 78 records. Data obtained at admittance for emergency cesarean section included: age, small or large body size, rectal temperature, packed cell volume, serum total protein, blood urea nitrogen, glucose, puppy in pelvic canal, and heart rate. Administration of opioids, propofol, alfaxalone, isoflurane, and sevoflurane, and anesthesi...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Keaton Schmidt Cindy Feng Tingxuan Wu Tanya Duke-Novakovski Source Type: research

Retrospective evaluation of maropitant and perioperative factors affecting postoperative appetite in cats
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):969-974.ABSTRACTThe primary goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of postoperative appetite return in cats premedicated with maropitant citrate. Medical records of 75 cats admitted for gastrointestinal (GI) and urogenital (UG) surgeries were reviewed and analyzed. Buprenorphine analgesia was used with 36 cats (48%) premedicated with maropitant and 39 cats (52%) that were used as a control group. No significant differences in postoperative appetite return were reported with maropitant premedication compared to controls. Age, breed, preoperative weight, surgery type, surgery an...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Leah S Park Michael G Hoelzler Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur in the metacarpophalangeal joint after standing intravenous regional limb perfusion in horses
This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur after intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP). Six horses were involved in 3 IVRLP sessions. For each session, operators with varying clinical experience placed the tourniquet. A wide-rubber tourniquet was applied in the antebrachium as 2 g of ceftiofur in a total volume of 100 mL was injected into the cephalic vein. Plasma and metacarpophalangeal synovial fluid samples were obtained to evaluate perfusate leakage and synovial fluid concentrations of ceftiofur over 24 h. Overall, mean plasma concentrations were not significantly different before and after tourniq...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Alvaro G Bonilla Lisa Causeret Albert Torrent-Crosa Source Type: research

The effects of xylazine or detomidine when used as a pre-anesthetic sedative on recovery quality and duration in horses undergoing elective equine castration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):982-986.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this prospective, blinded, randomized clinical trial was to compare the effects of low dose detomidine to xylazine on recovery quality and duration in a castration procedure. Horses were administered either detomidine [0.015 mg/kg body weight (BW)] or xylazine (1.1 mg/kg BW) intravenously (IV) before IV induction with ketamine (2.2 mg/kg BW) and diazepam (0.05 mg/kg BW). Two anesthesiologists who were unaware of treatment allocation scored the recoveries using a simple descriptive scale (with a low number representing the most desirable recovery) and recoveries were ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sarah K Jarosinski Bradley T Simon Rylee Hatfield Nora S Matthews Carolyn E Arnold Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal injuries in Standardbred racehorses on Prince Edward Island
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):987-993.ABSTRACTA study of musculoskeletal injuries in Standardbred racehorses on Prince Edward Island was conducted to determine the incidence and risk factors for injury. Monthly information was collected from 10 trainers and 153 Standardbred horses over a 12-month period. Seventeen new injuries were identified in pacers, representing a horse level incidence risk of 23% and an incidence rate of injury of 2.19 per horse-month at risk. Forty-one percent of the injuries occurred during a race, 53% during training and 6% during jogging. Fourteen horses had experienced a previous injury and 3 of thes...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jamye Rouette Michael S Cockram Javier Sanchez Kathleen M MacMillan Source Type: research

Evaluation of noninvasive blood pressure in anesthetized horses: Bias, limits of agreement, and comparative detection of a predetermined mean blood pressure warranting treatment
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):994-998.ABSTRACTOscillometric blood pressure monitoring may be a practical tool for short procedures or those performed outside of the operating room. Oscillometric and direct blood pressure values in 30 juvenile and adult horses in a clinical setting using mixed effect models were compared. The limits of agreement and percentage errors were also calculated. We evaluated the sensitivity and false positive rate for the oscillometric method to trigger an intervention for treating blood pressure [direct mean arterial pressure (MAP)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Shalini Radhakrishnan Augusto M Lorenzutti Joaquin D Araos Manuel Martin-Flores Source Type: research

Commentary on the CVMA workforce survey
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1000.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475587 | PMC:PMC8360319 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sharon Bell Source Type: research

Staphylococcal cutaneous infection in horses: From the early 2000s to the present
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1001-1006.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475588 | PMC:PMC8360305 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Fr édéric Sauvé Source Type: research

Diagnostic Ophthalmology
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1007-1010.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475589 | PMC:PMC8360302 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lynne S Sandmeyer Danica R Lucyshyn Stephanie Osinchuk Source Type: research

Taking the pulse of your practice and the profession: The Practice Owners Economic Survey
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):1011-1013.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475590 | PMC:PMC8360330 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Darren Osborne Chris Doherty Source Type: research

Collegiality, cooperation, and collaboration
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):913-914.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475576 | PMC:PMC8360306 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Louis Kwantes Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):917-918.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34475577 | PMC:PMC8360308 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Arthroscopic removal of an intra-articular screw causing joint impingement after distal femoral fracture repair in a dog
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):939-944.ABSTRACTThe use of lag screws to treat femoral condyle fractures is common, and their placement in surgery is technically demanding. Intra-articular screw impingement is a serious complication that may occur during surgical treatment of femoral condyle fractures. Here, we describe the case of a 3-year-old 40-kg dog which experienced recurrent lameness 6 mo after successful surgical treatment of a comminuted medial femoral condyle fracture due to an intra-articular non-loosening screw causing joint impingement. Removal of the conflicting screw was performed arthroscopically, based on its ab...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jean-Guillaume Grand Source Type: research

Excellent long-term clinical outcome in a young athletic dog following surgical complications of a comminuted patellar fracture and patellar ligament rupture
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):945-950.ABSTRACTA 1-year-old athletic golden retriever dog was presented for a non-weight-bearing right pelvic limb lameness that occurred during a canicross race. Orthopedic examination revealed pain and inflammation of the right stifle joint. Radiographs showed a traumatic comminuted patellar fracture. Surgery was elected and a midsubstance patellar ligament rupture was also identified. Surgical management consisted of a combination of techniques for patellar fracture fixation and primary patellar ligament reconstruction. All orthopedic implants were removed secondary to implant failure. Postope...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Beno ît Cruciani Dominique Gagnon Mila Freire Xavier Montasell Source Type: research

A review of pre-appointment medications to reduce fear and anxiety in dogs and cats at veterinary visits
Can Vet J. 2021 Sep;62(9):952-960.ABSTRACTThis review focuses on pre-appointment medications used to decrease fear and anxiety in dogs and cats related to veterinary visits. A review of the literature revealed data on 4 medications from 4 medication classes that have been used to ameliorate acute situational fear and anxiety in dogs and cats: gabapentin, trazodone, oral transmucosal dexmedetomidine, and alprazolam. The available information on use, mechanism of action, and pharmacokinetics is reviewed.PMID:34475580 | PMC:PMC8360309 (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - September 3, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amelia Erickson Kaylin Harbin Justine MacPherson Kate Rundle Karen L Overall Source Type: research