Stay challenged and continue growing.
PMID: 31892748 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hicks M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics.
PMID: 31892749 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rollin BE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Diabetic remission in a cat treated with an implantable pump to deliver insulin.
ini E Abstract A diabetic cat was referred because of poor metabolic control and difficulties the owner experienced injecting insulin. A pump, telemetrically controlled with a smartphone, was implanted subcutaneously to deliver insulin. Before implantation, the pump reservoir was filled with a rapid-acting human recombinant insulin. The insulin was administered through continuous infusion or periodic boluses over 2 weeks while the cat was hospitalized and over another 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital. Adjustments of insulin dosage were performed based on blood glucose concentrations measured with a contin...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Crinò C, Iavazzo F, Ferri F, Coppola LM, Salesov E, Lutz TA, Reusch CE, Zini E Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Spontaneous mural gallbladder hematoma in a dog.
Abstract A 12-year-old spayed female Maltese dog was evaluated because of a 12-hour history of vomiting, mucoid diarrhea, and anorexia. There was no history of trauma or injury. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a well-defined mass associated with the gallbladder. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) confirmed a non-contrast enhancing mass emanating from the gallbladder wall causing separation of the serosal and mucosal margins. Exploratory celiotomy followed by cholecystectomy was performed. Histology of the gallbladder mass was consistent with a mural hematoma and there were no signs of significant inflammation or neo...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jerrems O, de Mello Souza CH, Wavreille V, Davids BI Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Mycobacterium porcinum causing panniculitis in the cat.
Abstract A 4-year-old domestic shorthair cat was presented with a 7-month history of nodules and draining fistulous tracts of the ventral abdomen. Histopathological examination of affected tissue revealed acid-fast bacilli stained by the Ziehl-Neelsen procedure. Deep tissue culture confirmed infection with a rapidly growing mycobacterium, and gene sequencing characterized the organism as Mycobacterium porcinum. Treatment with pradofloxacin and doxycycline resulted in clinical resolution of the lesions. On continued antibiotic therapy 7 months later, there was no local recurrence nor were there clinical signs assoc...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Cox A, Udenberg TJ Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Diagnostic imaging of a basihyoid bone fracture and partial avulsion of the medial pterygoid muscle in a horse.
Abstract A 3-year-old gelding was presented for further evaluation and treatment of a swelling over the left mandible and inability to eat and drink. Radiographs of the mandible were unremarkable. Computed tomography (CT) of the head demonstrated a fracture of the basihyoid bone and partial avulsion of the medial pterygoid muscle. Ultrasound examination was performed to establish a baseline and confirmed the fracture. The gelding was managed conservatively, recovered uneventfully, and was able to return to training after 4 months of rest. Key clinical message: Computed tomography and ultrasonography in the horse p...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Veerasammy B, Delli-Rocili M, Jensen M, Cribb N, Zur Linden A Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Intravenous lipid emulsion to treat suspected cocaine toxicosis in a dog.
Abstract A 6-month-old puppy was treated for suspected cocaine toxicosis. Supportive care was initiated but clinical signs worsened and treatment with intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) was instituted. Clinical signs rapidly resolved in response to treatment with ILE. PMID: 31892754 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Royle K, Bandt C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Comparison of single, fixed-time artificial insemination in weaned sows using 2 different protocols to synchronize ovulation.
Abstract The present study evaluated 2 fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) techniques in sows in 2 herds. At weaning, sows were assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: Group 1 received intramuscular injections of 600 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin followed 3 days later by 5 mg of porcine luteinizing hormone; Group 2 received a 200-μg intravaginal dose of triptorelin acetate 4 days post-weaning; and Group 3 were heat checked daily and double-mated when observed in heat. Groups 1 and 2 were bred once at a fixed-time independent of estrous behavior. Time of ovulation was monitored by ultrasound in a subset...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rodrigues L, Amezcua R, Cassar G, O'Sullivan T, Friendship R Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Concentrations and deficiencies of minerals in cattle submitted to a diagnostic laboratory in Saskatchewan from 2003-2012: A retrospective study.
Abstract Trace mineral analyses of samples submitted to Prairie Diagnostic Services laboratory from Saskatchewan cattle between 2003 and 2012 were examined, with the objective of describing trends and reporting concentrations and deficiencies of minerals. Deficiencies were observed with copper, iron, manganese, magnesium, zinc, and cobalt. Deficiency was most commonly seen in copper, followed by iron, manganese, and magnesium accounting for 47.2%, 15.1%, 13.0%, and 10.8% of deficiencies, respectively. Deficiency in cobalt was least common followed by zinc accounting for 4.2% and 9.7% of deficiencies, respectively....
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Perdrizet U, Blakley B, Al Dissi A Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Pilot study of the effectiveness of a xylitol-based drinking water additive to reduce plaque and calculus accumulation in dogs.
Abstract Over a period of 208 days a randomized, double-blind clinical trial was conducted to assess plaque and calculus accumulation in dogs provided with a xylitol-based drinking water additive. A crossover design was utilized allowing each dog to participate in each 90-day treatment and control phase. Inclusion of a xylitol drinking water additive resulted in a 5.1% decrease in mean tooth plaque score and a 14.9% decrease in mean calculus score. Daily administration of a palatable, xylitol drinking water additive that required little time and effort reduced plaque and calculus accumulation in dogs. PMID: 3...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lowe C, Anthony J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The comparative efficacy of disinfectant wipes on common-use computer keyboards in a veterinary teaching hospital.
Abstract The efficacies of 3 disinfectant wipes at reducing bacterial contamination on keyboards in a veterinary teaching hospital were studied. Thirty common-use keyboards were randomized into "dirty" and "clean" halves. Cultures were obtained from the "dirty" halves. The "clean" halves were disinfected with a randomly assigned wipe [peroxygen (AHP)-, alcohol-, quaternary ammonium (QAC)-based] or untreated (NT) and cultured. Colony-forming units (CFU) were enumerated after 48 hours. Mean reduction in CFU was 91.5%, 65.3%, 94.9%, and 78.8% for the AHP, alcohol, QAC, and NT g...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Wong EK, Burgess BA, Brainard BM, Greene CE, Hurley DJ, Koenig A Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Update on demographics of the Canadian Dairy Industry for the period 2011 to 2016.
Abstract Between 2011 and 2016, the number of dairy operations in Canada decreased by 13.3%. Mean herd size increased from 65 to 73 animals per farm. The ratio of older (> 60 years old) to younger (
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Luby CD, Waldner C, Jelinski MD Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

A peculiar case of soft tissue sarcoma in a cat.
Abstract A 13-year-old cat was presented to a clinic in Texas with an open draining lesion and severe swelling of the left foreleg. Initial diagnosis was a brown recluse spider bite and treatment was undertaken accordingly. A few weeks later, the cat was returned to the clinic with further swelling of the left foreleg. A diagnosis of a high-grade soft tissue sarcoma with an increased risk of metastasis was made based on a histopathology report. The cat was euthanized following the diagnosis as the cat had a fair to poor prognosis. PMID: 31892760 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Iqbal W Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Atopic dermatitis in humans and dogs.
PMID: 31892761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Arcique MA, Bajwa J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The demand for associate veterinarians: Surveying the "shortage".
The demand for associate veterinarians: Surveying the "shortage". Can Vet J. 2020 Jan;61(1):85-88 Authors: Doherty C PMID: 31892762 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - January 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Doherty C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Climate crisis.
PMID: 31814630 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gyles C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics.
PMID: 31814631 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rollin BE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

First reported outbreak of Duck atadenovirus A tracheobronchitis in 3-week-old ducklings in Qu ébec including whole genome sequence of the virus.
First reported outbreak of Duck atadenovirus A tracheobronchitis in 3-week-old ducklings in Québec including whole genome sequence of the virus. Can Vet J. 2019 Dec;60(12):1285-1288 Authors: Chénier S, Desroches M, Provost C, Bournival V, St-Sauveur VG, Koszegi M, Gagnon CA PMID: 31814632 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Chénier S, Desroches M, Provost C, Bournival V, St-Sauveur VG, Koszegi M, Gagnon CA Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Mental health first aid.
PMID: 31814633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Keil K Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Cloacal malformation in a 5-month-old male dog.
rdo I Abstract A case of a developmental cloacal anomaly is described in a 5-month-old male puppy. The animal had a unique combination of anomalies: confluence of the urethra and rectum into a common tract with a single perineal opening, atresia ani, and 3 genital anomalies, namely, a perineal hypospadias, penile hypoplasia with ventroflexural curvature, and a scrotal cleft. Surgical correction was successful, with fecal continence maintained and no urinary tract infections occurring during long-term follow-up. PMID: 31814634 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Mestrinho LA, Alberto A, Iglésias LV, Gordo I Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Cryptococcus gattii pneumonia in an adult horse which had travelled in an endemic area.
Abstract A gelding from eastern Canada was presented for cough and exercise intolerance 14 months after it had travelled on Vancouver Island. Cryptococcus gattii pneumonia was diagnosed based on cytology, antigen titers, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The horse was treated with fluconazole for 10 months. Delayed C. gattii infection can occur after travel in an endemic area. PMID: 31814635 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Allano M, Grimes C, Boivin R, Smith G, Dumaresq J, Leclere M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Brucella canis sacroiliitis and discospondylitis in a dog.
Abstract A 1.5-year-old neutered male Labrador retriever dog was presented with a 1-month history of pelvic limb lameness. Physical examination revealed lumbosacral and pelvic pain. Diagnostic imaging findings were consistent with discospondylitis and bilateral sacroiliitis. Brucellosis was definitively diagnosed with rapid slide agglutination (RSAT) and agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) tests. Brucella canis has not been associated with sacroiliitis and should be included as a differential diagnosis for dogs presented with clinical or radiographic signs of sacroiliitis. PMID: 31814636 [PubMed - in process] (So...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Forbes JN, Frederick SW, Savage MY, Cross AR Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Canine IgA and IgA deficiency: Implications for immunization against respiratory pathogens.
Abstract Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is widely recognized as the important antibody isotype involved in protective responses on mucosal surfaces, where it acts primarily by effectuating immune exclusion of foreign material. Selective IgA deficiency (SIgAD) is the most common immunodeficiency disease in dogs and humans and has consequences for mucosal immunity. This review is a comparative look at the biology of IgA and SIgAD with a focus on how this branch of immunology relates to vaccine selection and efficacy for canine infectious respiratory disease. PMID: 31814637 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ellis JA Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Risk factors for gastrointestinal upset and evaluation of outcome following surgical resection of canine pancreatic β-cell tumors.
The objective of this study was to determine risk factors for vomiting and inappetence and evaluate long-term outcome after surgical treatment of pancreatic β-cell tumors in dogs. Records of 33 dogs that underwent surgery for such tumors were retrospectively evaluated. Inappetence and vomiting occurred in 27.3% and 24.2% of dogs, respectively. Risk factors for postoperative vomiting were longer duration of clinical signs before surgery, higher preoperative total protein concentration, and lack of liver metastasis. No significant risk factors for inappetence or survival were identified. Median survival time was 723 day...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hixon LP, Grimes JA, Wallace ML, Schmiedt CW Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

A plasma calcium-phosphorus product can be used to predict the lifespan of dogs with chronic kidney disease.
goza C, Barrera R Abstract A serum calcium-phosphorus (sCaPP) product was assessed for prediction of survival in dogs affected with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dogs (N = 150) were retrospectively studied and followed up to determine their lifespan using 25 healthy dogs as controls. Blood and urine analyses were performed and blood pressure was measured. The dogs were divided into groups according to sCaPP (higher or lower than 70 mg2/dL2) and International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) stage (IRIS 1-4). Shorter survival was observed with sCaPP> 70 mg2/dL2 compared to dogs with sCaPP
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lucero MC, Duque FJ, Gil M, Ruiz P, Macías-García B, Cristóbal JI, Zaragoza C, Barrera R Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Lomustine (CCNU) and prednisone chemotherapy for high-grade completely excised canine mast cell tumors.
Abstract The efficacy and toxicity of lomustine and prednisone for treating high-grade completely excised mast cell tumors (MCTs) was evaluated in a retrospective study of 15 dogs. Dogs were treated with lomustine (CCNU) at 70 mg/m2 every 4 weeks and prednisone at 0.5 to 1 mg/kg body weight PO daily. Eight dogs had treatment failures due to recurrence at the site of the initial surgery (2/15), de novo cutaneous MCT (4/15), or metastatic disease (2/15). The median overall survival time was 904 days, with 9 dogs alive at 1 year and 6 dogs alive after 2 years. All but 2 of the dogs had toxicity throughout their treat...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hay JK, Larson VS Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Does do not resuscitate (DNR) always mean DNR? Exploring DNR orders in small animal veterinary medicine.
This study investigated the use of and adherence to do not resuscitate (DNR) orders in small animal veterinary medicine. A link to a survey of respondent characteristics and clinical scenarios in which interpretation of the DNR order was questionable was distributed by e-mail to veterinarians in specialty and general practice, veterinary technicians, and veterinary students on veterinary e-mail lists in North America and Europe. Complete responses were obtained from 648 individuals, including 493 veterinarians, 58 veterinary technicians, and 97 veterinary students. Men, experienced veterinarians, and respondents participat...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Cabral KE, Rozanski EA, Cabral HJ, Buckley GJ Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Survey of gastrointestinal nematodes in breeding-age heifers on 6 Saskatchewan dairy farms.
Abstract To determine the prevalence, mean fecal egg count intensities, and predominant gastrointestinal nematode species, fresh environmental fecal samples were collected from 30 grazing heifers at monthly intervals (June, July, and August) on 6 Saskatchewan dairy farms in 2016. The population average strongylid prevalence ranged from 67.2% [95% confidence interval (CI): 49.5% to 84.9%] in June to 88.3% (95% CI: 76.7% to 100.0%) in August (P = 0.05) while the mean fecal egg count ranged from 1.7 in June to 9.3 eggs/g of feces in August (P 85% of the species. The results provide important previously unavailable da...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Scott H, Avramenko R, Redman E, Jelinski M, Luby C, Henderson T, Wagner B, Gilleard J, Uehlinger F Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

A retrospective analysis of the epidural use of bupivacaine 0.0625-0.125% with opioids in bitches undergoing cesarean section.
Abstract Epidural anesthesia, often used during cesarean surgery, can exacerbate hypotension from general anesthesia and delay discharge due to motor block. Decreasing the local anesthetic dose might reduce those complications. Cases of dogs undergoing cesarean section that were anesthetized without epidural (n = 29) (control) and dogs with low-dose epidural bupivacaine with fentanyl or buprenorphine (n = 37) were reviewed. The incidence of hypotension was equal between groups. Intraoperative opioids were administered more to control (93%) than to treated dogs (18%; P
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Martin-Flores M, Anderson JC, Sakai DM, Campoy L, Cheong SH, Romano M, Gleed RD Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia in a miniature American Eskimo dog.
Abstract An 11-year-old neutered male miniature American Eskimo dog was presented for routine dental cleaning with moderately enlarged submandibular, prescapular, and popliteal lymph nodes. On pre-anesthetic blood analysis a moderate, poorly regenerative anemia and marked lymphocytosis were observed. Although cytologic evaluation of a lymph node aspirate was interpreted as lymphoma, a complete blood cell count, flow cytometric immunotyping of blood leukocytes, and serum electrophoresis identified B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Chemotherapy with chlorambucil was recommended. PMID: 31814644 [PubMed - in p...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Calvert J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Climate Change and Veterinary Medicine: Action is needed to retain social relevance.
PMID: 31814645 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Stephen C, Carron M, Stemshorn B Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Overwhelmed communication.
PMID: 31814646 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Milani M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Treating pyoderma without the use of systemic antibiotics.
PMID: 31814647 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Valentine B Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Laparoscopic retrieval of a hepatic foreign body in a dog.
Abstract A 4-year-old female pointer dog was presented with a 10-day history of tensed abdomen. Migration of a metallic foreign body to the liver was diagnosed using radiography and ultrasonography. Surgical retrieval of a sewing needle was successfully performed by laparoscopy using a 3-trocar technique, thus avoiding laparotomy. No intra- or post-operative complications occurred. The dog was discharged 24 hours after surgery. Ten months after surgery, the dog was in excellent physical condition with no recurrence of clinical signs. This is the first reported case of laparoscopic retrieval of a hepatic foreign bo...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Grand JG Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Veterinary Medical Ethics.
PMID: 31692561 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rollin BE Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Distal esophageal sphincter achalasia in a Labrador retriever dog with polypoid gastric mucosal hyperplasia and pyloric stenosis.
Abstract An 11-year-old, neutered female, Labrador retriever dog was presented with a history of intractable vomiting, regurgitation, and coughing. Computed tomography (CT) imaging identified marked hypertrophy of the distal esophagus with a suspicion of distal esophageal achalasia, based on the observation of a "bird beak" appearance. This was later confirmed on a fluoroscopic swallow study. Marked hypertrophy of the gastric pylorus was also identified on CT imaging, and polypoid gastric mucosal hyperplasia was diagnosed based on the gross endoscopic appearance combined with gastric histopathology. Seco...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Dye C, Fina C, Brissot H Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Patent ductus arteriosus and pulmonic stenosis in a dog: Treatment using an Amplatz canine duct occluder device with concurrent balloon valvuloplasty.
Abstract A 6-month-old, female intact terrier mixed breed puppy was presented to the Atlantic Veterinary College cardiology service for evaluation of a subclinical heart murmur. Echocardiography identified severe pulmonic stenosis (PS) and a concurrent left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Correction via minimally invasive transcatheter techniques, including placement of an Amplatz canine duct occluder device and balloon valvuloplasty, repaired the PDA and PS, respectively. The patient recovered uneventfully and continues to show complete PDA occlusion and significant improvement in severity of PS...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Soengkono AA Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Systemic disseminated Neospora caninum infection with cutaneous lesions as the initial clinical presentation in a dog.
This report describes a disseminated Neospora caninum infection with cutaneous involvement as the primary presenting clinical sign, in an apparently immunocompetent 7-year-old, spayed female boxer dog. The dog had an 8-day history of progressive lethargy associated with the appearance of multiple cutaneous and ulcerated masses, followed by an acute deterioration of her clinical status. Blood analysis revealed thrombocytopenia, increased liver enzyme activity, and partial thromboplastin time. Disseminated intravascular coagulation was suspected. Tachyzoites were identified on cutaneous cytology and species was determined by...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Decôme M, Martin E, Bau-Gaudreault L, O'Toole E Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Striving for the gold standard in animal welfare.
PMID: 31692607 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Hicks M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Overtaking inflation: Veterinarian compensation in government, industry, and academe.
PMID: 31692610 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Doherty C Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Peripheral cranial neuropathies consistent with cavernous sinus syndrome caused by extracranial nasopharyngeal lymphoma in a cat.
Abstract Cavernous sinus syndrome is a unique constellation of cranial nerve deficits occurring typically as a result of pathologic infiltration of the cavernous sinus, which is located in the lateral sellar compartment of the calvarium. This case report describes a polyneuropathy consistent with cavernous sinus syndrome as a result of a lesion outside of the cavernous sinus. The cat was presented with right internal and external ophthalmoplegia, loss of right corneal sensation, inspiratory stridor, dysphagia, dysphonia, tongue weakness, and weight loss. Magnetic resonance imaging identified a large nasopharyngeal...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Osinchuk SC, Zwueste DM, Grahn BH Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

A perineal cystic hamartoma causing constipation in an intact female Irish water spaniel.
Abstract A perineal fluid-filled structure was discovered in a 6-year-old intact female Irish water spaniel suffering from intermittent constipation. Diagnostic tests revealed the structure was immediately caudal to the vagina and compatible with a cyst. Surgical excision was required for resolution of clinical signs. Histology confirmed the structure was a cyst. The exact origin is unknown; however, the variety of lining epithelia, including sections with mucin production, and a well-differentiated smooth muscle layer, were most consistent with development from the lower hindgut or urogenital sinus during embryon...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Alvarez-Sanchez A, Charnock L, Hanna P, Dundas J Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Outcome of horses with enterocolitis receiving oncotic fluid support with either plasma or hetastarch.
This study provides support that use of natural colloids may be superior to treatment with synthetic colloids in horses with enterocolitis. A prospective, multi-center trial comparing outcome of critically ill equine patients treated with natural or synthetic colloids is warranted. PMID: 31692633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kopper JJ, Kogan CJ, Cook VL, Schott HC Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Efficacy of fenbendazole and ivermectin in treating gastrointestinal nematode infections in an Ontario cow-calf herd.
The objective of this randomized clinical trial was to compare performance of cow-calf pairs in southern Ontario treated with fenbendazole or ivermectin, or not treated, for gastrointestinal nematode infections. Treatments were administered to 128 cow-calf pairs over 2 years. Weights, body condition score, and fecal egg counts (FEC) were collected at treatment and at 28-day intervals. Treating calves with an anthelmintic was significantly advantageous compared with not treating, and there was no significant difference between treatment with fenbendazole or ivermectin. Neither treatment nor calf FEC had a significant effect...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Mackie KG, Menzies PI, Bateman KG, Gordon JL Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Gaining experience through practicing emergency medicine.
PMID: 31692639 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tannahill M Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Diagnostic Ophthalmology.
PMID: 31692641 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Sandmeyer LS, Leis M, Bauer B Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Congenital persistent infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus not observed in piglets.
This study was designed to determine whether congenital persistent infection occurs in piglets from gilts experimentally inoculated with bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2 (BVDV-2). Six pregnant gilts were divided into 2 groups, infected (n = 4), and control (n = 2). The gilts were inoculated at 45 days gestation. Piglets were assessed for 35 days following birth with nasal swab and blood sample collections every 72 hours. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests were performed for direct diagnosis of virus in blood and nasal swabs, and virus neutralization was used for antibody detection. Transplacen...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gomes FS, Mechler-Dreibi ML, Gatto IRH, Storino GY, Pires FFB, Xavier EB, Samara SI, de Oliveira LG Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Partial splenectomy for incidentally detected non-ruptured splenic lesions in dogs: 18 cases (2004-2018).
In conclusion, partial splenectomy may be appropriate for small, incidental non-ruptured splenic lesions in dogs. PMID: 31692648 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Dongaonkar KR, Linden D, Davidson JR, Boothe HW, Tillson DM, Matz BM Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in a horse with hyperthyroidism associated with a functional thyroid adenoma.
Abstract A 16-year-old American Paint Horse gelding was presented for evaluation of weight loss and high serum thyroid hormone concentrations resulting from a functional thyroid adenoma. The horse showed no response to a thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation test. Clinical signs resolved following surgical removal of the adenoma. PMID: 31692666 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Costello J, Firshman AM, Brown JC, Maher M, Tadros EM Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

Concurrent spinal epidural empyema and endocarditis in a dog.
Abstract A 9-year-old neutered male Rhodesian ridgeback cross dog was evaluated for progressive non-ambulatory paraparesis, fever, and leukocytosis. The dog was diagnosed with spinal epidural empyema (SEE) and infectious endocarditis (IE) of the mitral valve based on the findings of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), CT myelography, echocardiography, and bacterial culture. The report herein describes the clinical presentation, CT findings, clinical and surgical management of this case, together with the electrocardiography, and echocardiography findings. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - November 1, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Woodruff M, Rosenblatt AJ, Punke J, Heading K Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research