Amniotic band syndrome with Tessier number 4 and 7 clefts: a case report
Our patient was a 7-year-old girl who had been abandoned at birth, so there was no prenatal history available, and information about her parents could not be accessed. Physical examination showed a constriction ring on her left forearm, and multiple types of craniofacial clefts. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 20, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Z. Yang, Q. Liang, K. Ouyang, Z. Piao Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Lightweight cast to support the upper limb after harvest of an osteocutaneous free flap from the radial forearm: a technical modification
The osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap remains a valuable option in reconstructive surgery in the head and neck, and in Class VI midface or segmental mandibular reconstructions, particularly in older patients with multiple comorbidities.1,2 (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: N.I. Adam, J.V. Williams, M.W.S. Ho Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

Association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without palate susceptibility: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms are thought to be involved in the development of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P), but published results are contradictory. We therefore designed an updated meta-analysis to pool eligible studies and to evaluate further the possible relations between MTHFR polymorphisms (c.677C>T and c.1298A>C) and susceptibility to NSCL/P. A comprehensive search based on PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and Embase databases was made up to February 2018. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 12, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: X. Shu, S. Shu, L. Yang Source Type: research

The specialist management of non-temporomandibular orofacial pain: maxillofacial surgery ’s known unknown?
In this study we aimed to provide an overview of the healthcare “journey” of a group of patients referred to a specialist unit with “complex” non-temporomandibular orofacial pain. We retrospectively reviewed all those who were referred over a six-month period and followed for up to three years. A total of 133 were included, 69% were female, and the mean (SD) duration of symptoms before assessment was 66.4 (88.8) months. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 12, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: D.H. Awal, K. Amin, C. Venda-Nova, A. Naqvi, J. Zakrzewska Source Type: research

Economic analysis of a low-cost virtual surgical planning protocol for mandibular reconstruction: a case series
The aim of this study was to make an economic analysis and evaluation of a low-cost virtual surgical planning (VSP) protocol that was developed in house, and based on open-source software and a desktop 3-dimensional printer. All eight patients between April 2014 and 2015 who had been treated by mandibular reconstructions with microvascular fibular flaps that had been planned using the protocol were retrospectively analysed for accuracy, time, and cost.Median differences for planned compared with postoperative intercondylar distance, intergonial distance, and gonial angle did not differ significantly. (Source: The British J...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 11, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. Spaas, O. Lenssen Source Type: research

Outcome of sentinel lymph node biopsy in early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity with methylene blue dye alone: a prospective validation study
Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility and role of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy using methylene blue dye alone in identifying occult lymph node metastases in early oral cancer (cT1, T2, and cN0). The study was done from 2013 –15 in 94 patients in a large cancer centre. The blue nodes were dissected and sent for frozen section, routine histopathological examination, and immunohistochemical testing for cytokeratin, and was followed by elective neck dissection in all patients. The identification rate was 93.61%. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 11, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.R. Vishnoi, V. Kumar, S. Gupta, A. Chaturvedi, S. Misra, N. Akhtar, P. Agarwal, N. Jamal, P. Pareek Source Type: research

New surgical treatment for a ruptured carotid artery near the skull base
We report a new surgical treatment that we used on two patients for a ruptured carotid artery near the skull base. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 9, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L.k. Li, J. Liu, F. Chen, D. Lv, D. Deng Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

New method to prevent salivary fistula after parotidectomy
Salivary fistulas are a well-known and relatively common complication after parotidectomy. Many can persist for a long time and pose a challenge to the clinician,1 –5 so we describe a new technique we have developed to prevent them. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 9, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: H.-W. Zou, W.-G. Li, S.-Y. Huang, Z.-W. Chen, D.-S. Zhang Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

Glomangiopericytoma-type glomus tumour/myopericytoma of the lip
We describe the case of a 46-year-old man who presented with a four-month history of a reddish, otherwise asymptomatic, nodular lesion that involved the mucosal side of the upper lip. The lesion consisted of myoid glomus-like cells arranged around branching and thin-walled haemangiopericytoma-like vascular structures, and was classified as glomangiopericytoma. No recurrences occurred during an eight-month follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this tumour has never previously been described in the mucosa of the lip. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Ralli, V. D ’Aguanno, L. De Vincentiis, M. de Vincentiis, A. Corsi Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Oral mucosal desquamation induced by sodium lauryl sulphate
We describe a 49-year-old white woman who presented to the oral diagnosis clinic with a 10-year history of asymptomatic desquamation of the oral mucosa. Her medical history showed Hashimoto ’s thyroiditis that had been treated with 50mg of levothyroxine sodium daily for 20 years. No history of allergy or local trauma was reported. Intraoral examination showed greyish-white strips coming off the buccal mucosa. These layers came off spontaneously, or could be peeled off easily, leaving beneath a clinically normal mucosa with no erosion (Fig. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 3, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: G.A. Rodrigues, A. Ribeiro-Silva, A.C. F. Motta, L.M. Alencar Ramos Innocentini Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Video-recording using smartphones during surgical procedures in outpatients
Photography is an essential technique to record clinical practice in modern dental aesthetics. In particular, it can be used on patients having oral and maxillofacial surgery to obtain high-quality images before, during, and after operation. The images can be available for surgeons to reflect on themselves, develop their surgical skills, facilitate their communication with patients, and improve the patient ’s knowledge. Currently, a number of designs and equipment are available for surgical photography and video, but they are, unfortunately, expensive. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 2, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: I.-L. Lin, S.-Y. Hsiao, C.-M. Chen Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Functional compensation of a hypertrophied sublingual gland and the absence of the ipsilateral submandibular gland
The absence of the submandibular gland and the enlargement of the ipsilateral sublingual gland has been reported previously, and may occur unilaterally or bilaterally. The finding may be incidental, as a symptom associated with reduced saliva, or an enlarged gland, or it can manifest as a mass in the neck.1 –5 Although aplasia or atrophy of the submandibular gland is thought to cause hypertrophy of other glands, including the sublingual gland, compensation of function by the glands has not been shown so far. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 2, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jihyun Chung, Yong Won Lee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Minimally-invasive resection of benign tumours of the parotid gland in the parapharyngeal space
It has been widely shown that minimally-invasive surgery for benign tumours of the parotid gland improves function (by reducing the amount of resected normal parotid tissue and facial nerve branches), shortens the operating time, and reduces postoperative complications. It is also oncologically safe and secures low recurrence.1 –5 It is, however, controversial in lesions within the parapharyngeal space. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Valls-Onta ñón, S. Cuscó-Albors, A. Marí-Roig, J. Masià-Gridilla, F. Hernández-Alfaro Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Neck masses in children: a 10-year single-centre experience in Northwest China
Neck masses in children are a common clinical concern but there is a paucity of published information about them. We organised this retrospective study to analyse their prevalence and treatment in Northwest China. The records of 207 children who presented with neck masses between 2008 and 2017 were retrieved from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, and age, sex, clinical presentation, preoperative investigation, surgical procedure, histopathological diagnosis, and complications were recorded. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 30, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: X. Xia, Y. Liu, L. Wang, Z. Xing, L. Yang, F. Xie Source Type: research

Cleft and craniofacial surgery training: is it time for a new solution for UK trainees?
I read with interest the editorial article entitled ‘Cleft and craniofacial surgery – how do we inspire and recruit the next generation of OMFS trainees?’1 I wanted to add my own thoughts to the debate. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 28, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shofiq Islam Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Effect of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery on dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint: a retrospective study of 500 consecutive cases
We investigated the effect of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery on symptoms in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and predictive factors for postoperative dysfunction. A total of 500 patients with different craniofacial deformities who were having bimaxillary orthognathic surgery were assessed for overjet, overbite, maximal mouth opening, maximal protrusion, maximal lateral movement to both sides, and symptoms of TMJ dysfunction (pain on palpation, clicking, or crepitus) before operation and one year postoperatively. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: W.B. Kretschmer, G. Baciu ţ, M. Baciuţ, R. Sader Source Type: research

Overnight endotracheal intubation in patients who have free-flap reconstruction of the head and neck: a cautionary note
Overnight intubation, which avoids the need for tracheostomy in patients who have operations for cancer of the head and neck, has increased in popularity in the United Kingdom since initial reports of the Gloucester experience in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.1 We have adopted overnight intubation as part of an improved recovery protocol in our own unit, with positive results. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C.J. Henry, M. Halligan, A. Bozic, C.P. Barry Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

Quantification of the inaccuracy of conventional articulator model surgery in Le Fort 1 osteotomy: evaluation of 30 patients controlled by the Orthopilot ® navigation system
Occlusal splints are commonly used to position the maxilla during traditional orthognathic surgery. We aimed to quantify the inaccuracy of the maxillary positioning (in three dimensions) in traditional model surgery with the Orthopilot ® navigation system. Thirty Le Fort I osteotomies were made using a standard technique. The position of the maxilla was recorded by the navigation system and defined by three values of translation and three of rotation. The recorded data were compared with the planned data. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Lartizien, I. Zaccaria, L. Noyelles, G. Bettega Source Type: research

An alternative suture technique for vein diameter ’s discrepancy anastomosis
Microvascular anastomosis of vessels that differ in diameter can be technically difficult and time-consuming. Difficulties with positioning may lead to kinking or compression, and bleeding at the anastomosis can be a problem. Turbulence and sluggish flow in dilated vessels can predispose to thrombosis.1 (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 24, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Rauso, G. Colella, L. Rugge, F. Chirico, G. Tartaro Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes 1 –20 years after autotransplantation of teeth: clinical and radiographic evaluation of 66 premolars and 8 molars
In this retrospective study we investigated the long-term survival of autotransplanted premolars and molars with incompletely developed roots. The presence of the transplanted teeth and their outcome after autotransplantation was ascertained from clinical and radiographic evaluation by a maxillofacial surgeon or dentist. Kaplan Meier survival curves were estimated for the total population and for the two groups (premolars and molars).Fifty-one patients with 74 transplanted teeth were included, and the median duration of follow-up was 10 (range 1 –20) years. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 23, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K.J.H. van Westerveld, J.P. Verweij, E.E. Toxopeus, M. Fiocco, G. Mensink, J.P.R. van Merkesteyn Source Type: research

Unilateral soft palate palsy secondary to blunt neck trauma: a case report
Unilateral soft palate paralysis is rare. No cases of unilateral soft palate paralysis with associated velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) secondary to minor blunt neck trauma have been reported to date. This case details the presentation of a man with isolated unilateral soft palate paralysis and associated velopharyngeal insufficiency following a collision with an opponent when playing soccer. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: P. McAllister, T. O ’Neill, J. Fair, C. Russell, M. Devlin Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Role of live animals in the training of microvascular surgery: a systematic review
As training in microvascular surgery often involves the use of live animals, it is important that such a practice is regularly revisited and justified, particularly in the context of emerging training strategies such as virtual simulation. This systematic review was therefore designed to assess the ongoing need for their use over other methods. A search of PubMed and MEDLINE using the major MeSH terms: anastomosis, surgical vascular procedures, microsurgery, and training, yielded 1386 titles from which 153 abstracts were read, 70 papers analysed, and 17 included. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.S. Brown, B.H.J. Rapaport Tags: Review Source Type: research

Comparison of outcomes of treatment for ranula: a proportion meta-analysis
Treatment for ranula is classified into three categories depending on how the leaking saliva is managed: removal of the leaking site by intraoral or transcervical resection of the sublingual gland; formation of a drainage tract through the wall of the pseudocyst by micromarsupialisation or marsupialisation; or sealing of the site of the leak by inducing fibrosis with a sclerosing agent. Resection of the sublingual gland is probably the option most likely to be curative for both oral and plunging ranula considering their pathophysiology. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Y.S. Chung, Y. Cho, B.H. Kim Tags: Review Source Type: research

Audit of the rates of re-excision for close or involved margins in the management of oral cancer
The need for re-excision of close or involved margins after the resection of oral cancer is debatable. This audit comprised 640 consecutive patients over an 11-year period with at least five years ’ follow up. A total of 213 patients (33%) had resection margins that were clear (5 mm or more), 314 (49%) were close (1 - 4.9 mm), and 113 (18%) were involved (0 - 0.9 mm). Re-excision rates were 7 (2.2%) in the close and 12 (10.6%) in the involved groups. No re-excised close margins contai ned residual cancer, but four patients had had re-excised involved margins. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 21, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S. Azzopardi, D. Lowe, S. Rogers Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life in patients with T1N0 oral squamous cell carcinoma: selective neck dissection compared with wait and watch surveillance
Management of the neck in patients with clinical T1N0 oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is controversial. The aim of this study was to report the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a consecutive group of patients with stage 1 disease at a time closest to two years after primary surgery. Of 216 patients treated between 2007 and 2012 (after excluding early death and regional recurrence), 195 were eligible. HRQoL was measured using the University of Washington quality of life questionnaire version 4. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 21, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. McDonald, D. Lowe, F. Bekiroglu, A. Schache, R. Shaw, S.N. Rogers Source Type: research

Plain radiographs for the assessment of coronectomy: not always a case of black or white
In recent years, coronectomy of impacted lower third molar teeth has become an increasingly popular alternative to removal. Traditionally, orthopantomograms of mandibular third molars have been used to indicate features that show that the tooth is in close proximity to, or in an intimate relation with, the inferior dental nerve. Some authors advocate coronectomy as opposed to surgical removal to reduce the risk of damage to the nerve. In our Trust during the last two years, there has been a noticeable increase in the prescription of coronectomy for the management of pericoronitis associated with mandibular third molars. (S...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 21, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.A. Richards, M.J. Coyle, A.N. Beech Source Type: research

Management of an aggressive giant cell granuloma of the mandible with denosumab: a case report
We describe the use of denosumab, which was successfully used as a single method of treatment, suggesting that it may be a viable alternative or adjunct to operation on giant cell granulomas of the jaws. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 20, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Hameed, J.E. O ’Connell, S.N. Rogers Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Marsupialisation for the treatment of unicystic ameloblastoma of the mandible: a long-term follow up of 116 cases
Unicystic ameloblastoma is a unique histopathological type of ameloblastoma, and treatment is controversial. Marsupialisation is effective in reducing the size of cystic lesions and their complications. We have retrospectively analysed the clinical, histopathological, and prognostic data of affected patients who were treated by marsupialisation between 2003 and 2013 in three Chinese hospitals. Our aim was to evaluate the effects and prognosis, and the factors associated with outcome. A total of 116 patients with mandibular unicystic ameloblastomas were included, and 74, 26, and 16 patients were histopathologically classifi...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 20, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. Zheng, R. Cao, W. Hong, M. Sheng, Y. Hu Source Type: research

Application of a digital guide in the removal of foreign body from the maxillofacial region
We report an 11-year-old boy with extensive facial contusions who had had an emergency operation to remove 12 pieces of glass after an accident. Cone-beam computed tomography (CT) showed that there were still 2 pieces left in the right side of his face 2 months later, so we used a digital guide to locate and remove them successfully. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: W. Ma, L.D. Wang, Y. Liang, M. Li Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A mass guide for the harvest of cortico-cancellous bone from the posterior iliac crest for mandibular reconstruction
This study sought to find the mass of particulate cortico-cancellous bone graft required per 1  cm continuity defect of the mandible. Harvested bone was weighed, milled and maximally compressed in a syringe. The defect length (DL) was measured in centimetres, and the compressed bone volume (CBV) used was recorded. The wet bone mass (WBM) of bone required per centimetre of mandibular defect, and the mass of bone yielding 1cc of compressed bone was calculated. Results were analysed statistically to determine if clinically meaningful differences exist between male and female iliac crest. (Source: The British Journal of Oral...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. Ferretti, V. Premviyasa, J. Reyneke, U. Ripamonti Source Type: research

New video fluoroscopic chewing examination for patients who use dentures after mandibular reconstruction
We have developed a new video fluoroscopic examination in which patients chewed on pancakes containing barium sulphate in their habitual pattern to allow observation of the manner in which boluses of food were broken down in the oral cavity. This test made it possible to observe objectively what kind of changes occur in masticatory function after mandibular reconstruction in patients either with or without their dentures. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T. Hayashi, K. Kuribayashi, T. Maeda, Y. Yamamoto Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

Gossypiboma after Le Fort I osteotomy that manifested as a lesion of the maxillary sinus
Gossypiboma is a term that refers to an inflammatory reaction to a foreign body that is specifically composed of a cotton matrix left behind after a previous operation. Gossypiboma literally means “cotton” derived from Latin word gossypium and “a place of concealment” for Swahili word "boma".1 It belongs to a broad new category named retained surgical items. Diagnosis is made by the association of clinical and imaging examinations. Radiographic or computed tomographic (CT) features va ry depending on the type of reaction produced by the body, or they may not be identified. (Source: The Bri...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mathew P.C., Rohini Kanitkar, Arun Ramaiah Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Rapidly progressing myofibroma of the gingiva- a rare occurrence
Myofibromas, (fibroblastic proliferative lesions that can progress and develop as soft tissue tumours) are rare benign neoplasms with a predilection for the head and neck region. They can affect the oral mucosa or the bones of the maxillofacial region. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: B. Srinivasan, Z. Al- Asaadi, R. Anand, P.A. Brennan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Virtual reality in preoperative imaging in maxillofacial surgery: implementation of “the next level”?
Not only are current imaging techniques - cone-beam computed tomography (CT), CT, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - becoming more precise in capturing data, but the illustration and interpretation of the acquired images is no longer limited to conventional display screens or projectors. The so-called “virtual reality” (VR) glasses have the potential to engage the viewer in a 3-dimensional space, and ultimately to enable evaluation of the reconstructed anatomical structures from a new perspective. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 13, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A.K. Bartella, M. Kamal, I. Scholl, S. Schiffer, J. Steegmann, D. Ketelsen, F. H ölzle, B. Lethaus Source Type: research

Facial necrotising fasciitis following rhytidectomy
We report a case of necrotising fasciitis of the face caused by a group A streptococcal infection after rhytidectomy on a healthy female patient. An abscess on her hand that had been caused by an infection related to a venous catheter had provided a potential entry for the pathogen, and treatment combined both surgical debridement and antibiotics. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 13, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: P. Haen, S. Laversanne, N. Graillon, J.M. Foletti Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Conservative technique for enucleation of a large dentigerous cyst through bony fenestrations
Dentigerous cysts are the most common developmental odontogenic cysts of the jaw. They occur in a wide range of age groups, and about three-quarters are associated with an unerupted mandibular third molar.1 They are usually asymptomatic and therefore have the potential to grow to a large size before they are diagnosed. The definitive treatment is enucleation, together with extraction of the associated tooth. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 13, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Oliver R. Mitchell, Rabindra P. Singh Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

Everolimus-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw in the absence of bisphosphonates: a case report
We report what is, to our knowledge, the first case of ONJ secondary to the use of everolimus, in the absence of treatment with bisphosphonates in a 65-year-old man who was given it for immunosuppression after a renal transplant. After 18 months of treatment, he was diagnosed with severe ONJ and underwent radical debridement of the palate and complete dental clearance of the maxilla. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 12, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S. Akkach, L. Shukla, D. Morgan Tags: Short communication Source Type: research

Alternative method for temporary stabilisation of displaced mandibular fractures
A 19-year-old man presented to the oral and maxillofacial department with a displaced fracture of the right mandibular parasymphysis after an alleged assault (Fig. 1). He was admitted, given antibiotics intravenously, and placed on the emergency theatre list for fixation. Because of the number of emergency cases waiting, his operation was delayed for over 12hours. Previous studies have shown that this is commonplace for oral and maxillofacial surgical (OMFS) patients (60% are on acute theatre lists waiting more than 12hours, and 29% wait more than 24hours). (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 12, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: H. Cashman, J. Wareing, A. Power Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

One-stage technique for treatment of ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint, secondary micrognathia, and a prominent mandibular angle
Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may result in substantial growth disorders and facial deformities,1 which can be addressed with various surgical techniques.2,3 We have developed a new technique to correct these deformities in patients with ankylosis of the TMJ, secondary micrognathia, and a prominent mandibular angle. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 12, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: W. Jia, Y. He, H. Helal, Y. Wang, J. Li Tags: Technical note Source Type: research

Epidemiological study of intraosseous lesions of the stomatognathic or maxillomandibular complex diagnosed by a Reference Centre in Brazil from 2006 –2017
This epidemiological study was designed to find out the incidence and factors associated with the occurrence of intraosseous lesions diagnosed at a Reference Centre in Brazil. We included all patients diagnosed with intraosseous lesions (cyst, tumour, bone-associated lesion, and periapical disease) during the period 2006 –2017, and analysed the association between some sociodemographic and clinical variables and the types of lesion. There was a total of 290 intraosseous lesions, the most common being odontogenic cysts. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 11, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.G. Farias, R.C.A. Souza, S.F. Hassam, J.A. Cardoso, T.C.F. Ramos, H.K.A. Santos Source Type: research

Metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck to the thyroid: a single institution ’s experience with a review of relevant publications
The thyroid gland is a rare site of metastasis, and in particular of those of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from the head and neck region. We have reviewed the aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, radiological features, immunohistochemical profile, prognosis, and management of metastatic SCC from the head and neck region to the thyroid, and searched current publications on the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases using the following keywords: “SCC of thyroid”, “secondary SCC of thyroid”, and “metastasis to the thyroid”, for papers published during the last 33 years (Apri...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 10, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Vatsyayan, D. Mandlik, P. Patel, P. Patel, N. Sharma, A. Joshipura, M. Patel, P. Odedra, J.C. Dubbal, D.S. Shah, S.A. Kanhere, K.J. Sanghvi, K. Patel Tags: Review Source Type: research

Audit of minimally invasive surgery for submandibular sialolithiasis
Sialolithiasis is one of most common diseases to affect major salivary glands, with a symptomatic incidence of 27 cases per million per annum1. The majority form within the submandibular gland where minimally invasive treatments have all but eliminated adenectomy. All records of patients presenting with submandibular stones between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed. Stones7mm. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 7, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A.M. Holden, C.-B. Man, M. Samani, A.J. Hills, M. McGurk Source Type: research

Simulation of postoperative occlusion and direction in autotransplantation of teeth: application of computer-aided design and digital surgical templates
We describe a method that could simulate postoperative occlusion and direction of the donor tooth by using CAD and digital surgical templates, and evaluate the postoperative effect in five patients who had teeth autotransplanted. Computed tomographic data were imported into ProPlan CMF 3.0 software, the donor tooth was simulated to replace the recipient site according to the position of the occlusion and alveolar bone, and a digital template was designed to guide preparation of the socket. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 4, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Y. Wu, J.M. Chen, F.P. Xie, H.H. Liu, G. Niu, L.S. Lin Source Type: research

Mr Harry Alty, Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon
Henry Myers Alty died on 27th February 2019 aged 89, and his well- attended funeral took place in his local Church on the 22nd March. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Cawood, A. Flower Tags: Obituary Source Type: research

Audit of the two-week pathway for patients with suspected cancer of the head and neck and the influence of socioeconomic status
Rates of head and neck cancer are high in patients with a low socioeconomic status (SES) and outcomes are often poor. The degree to which people from different socioeconomic groups use the fast-track, two-week suspected cancer referral system is, however, unclear. The aim of this audit was therefore to analyse these referrals with reference to SES, and to focus on differences in clinical characteristics, source of referral, and rates of disease. The sample included all patients who were referred to the head and neck department at an inner-city hospital in the northwest of England between July and September 2017. (Source: T...
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S.N. Rogers, A. Staunton, R. Girach, S. Langton, D. Lowe Source Type: research

Peter Banks
was one of the best known maxillofacial surgeons of his generation, as well as one of the most colourful and entertaining. Admired as an intelligent and innovative clinician, he was also a leader in the affairs of the specialty both nationally and internationally. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andrew Brown Tags: Obituary Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Training Groups
(Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Brit J Oral Surg (1983) 21. 78-93
(Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Comparison of wear and temperature of zirconia and tungsten carbide tools in drilling bone: in vitro and finite element analysis
Drilling is extensively used in operations on bones and dental implants, and yet poses a considerable challenge because it can damage cells as well as cause mechanical and thermal stresses to the bone. The goal of this study was to assess the temperature changes and instrument wear using both zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) ceramics and tungsten carbide (WC) tools using a 3-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) of bone drilling. The wear of conical burrs made from ZrO2 and tungsten carbide was measured using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and image processing software. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Koopaie, S. Kolahdouz, E.M. Kolahdouz Source Type: research