A longitudinal investigation of COVID-19 pandemic experiences and mental health among university students
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that specific aspects of the pandemic experience may be influencing internalizing symptoms and alcohol/substance use in college students, pointing to potential avenues for targeted support and intervention.PRACTITIONER POINTS: A range of factors may influence university student mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students who expect the pandemic will continue to impact daily life further into the future maybe more likely to report stress symptoms. Disruption due to the pandemic and limited confidence in the federal government's response may be associated with depression symptoms. ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Caitlin A Stamatis Hannah C Broos Stephanie E Hudiburgh Sannisha K Dale Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

A longitudinal investigation of COVID-19 pandemic experiences and mental health among university students
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that specific aspects of the pandemic experience may be influencing internalizing symptoms and alcohol/substance use in college students, pointing to potential avenues for targeted support and intervention.PRACTITIONER POINTS: A range of factors may influence university student mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students who expect the pandemic will continue to impact daily life further into the future maybe more likely to report stress symptoms. Disruption due to the pandemic and limited confidence in the federal government's response may be associated with depression symptoms. ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Caitlin A Stamatis Hannah C Broos Stephanie E Hudiburgh Sannisha K Dale Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

A longitudinal investigation of COVID-19 pandemic experiences and mental health among university students
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that specific aspects of the pandemic experience may be influencing internalizing symptoms and alcohol/substance use in college students, pointing to potential avenues for targeted support and intervention.PRACTITIONER POINTS: A range of factors may influence university student mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students who expect the pandemic will continue to impact daily life further into the future maybe more likely to report stress symptoms. Disruption due to the pandemic and limited confidence in the federal government's response may be associated with depression symptoms. ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Caitlin A Stamatis Hannah C Broos Stephanie E Hudiburgh Sannisha K Dale Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

A longitudinal investigation of COVID-19 pandemic experiences and mental health among university students
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that specific aspects of the pandemic experience may be influencing internalizing symptoms and alcohol/substance use in college students, pointing to potential avenues for targeted support and intervention.PRACTITIONER POINTS: A range of factors may influence university student mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students who expect the pandemic will continue to impact daily life further into the future maybe more likely to report stress symptoms. Disruption due to the pandemic and limited confidence in the federal government's response may be associated with depression symptoms. ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Caitlin A Stamatis Hannah C Broos Stephanie E Hudiburgh Sannisha K Dale Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

A longitudinal investigation of COVID-19 pandemic experiences and mental health among university students
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that specific aspects of the pandemic experience may be influencing internalizing symptoms and alcohol/substance use in college students, pointing to potential avenues for targeted support and intervention.PRACTITIONER POINTS: A range of factors may influence university student mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students who expect the pandemic will continue to impact daily life further into the future maybe more likely to report stress symptoms. Disruption due to the pandemic and limited confidence in the federal government's response may be associated with depression symptoms. ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - December 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Caitlin A Stamatis Hannah C Broos Stephanie E Hudiburgh Sannisha K Dale Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

Cumulative sociodemographic disadvantage partially mediates associations between childhood trauma and schizotypy
CONCLUSIONS: These findings in a mixed sample of healthy and clinical participants represent the full spectrum of schizotypy across health and illness and suggest that effects of childhood trauma on schizotypal personality organization may operate via cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in adulthood.PRACTITIONER POINTS: The strong associations between trauma and schizotypy suggest that systematic health screening of children exposed to early life trauma may assist to identify those at risk of developing psychosis. Clinicians should pay attention to various indicators of sociodemographic disadvantage in patients prone to ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emiliana Tonini Yann Quid é Thomas J Whitford Melissa J Green Source Type: research

Cumulative sociodemographic disadvantage partially mediates associations between childhood trauma and schizotypy
CONCLUSIONS: These findings in a mixed sample of healthy and clinical participants represent the full spectrum of schizotypy across health and illness and suggest that effects of childhood trauma on schizotypal personality organization may operate via cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in adulthood.PRACTITIONER POINTS: The strong associations between trauma and schizotypy suggest that systematic health screening of children exposed to early life trauma may assist to identify those at risk of developing psychosis. Clinicians should pay attention to various indicators of sociodemographic disadvantage in patients prone to ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emiliana Tonini Yann Quid é Thomas J Whitford Melissa J Green Source Type: research

Cumulative sociodemographic disadvantage partially mediates associations between childhood trauma and schizotypy
CONCLUSIONS: These findings in a mixed sample of healthy and clinical participants represent the full spectrum of schizotypy across health and illness and suggest that effects of childhood trauma on schizotypal personality organization may operate via cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in adulthood.PRACTITIONER POINTS: The strong associations between trauma and schizotypy suggest that systematic health screening of children exposed to early life trauma may assist to identify those at risk of developing psychosis. Clinicians should pay attention to various indicators of sociodemographic disadvantage in patients prone to ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emiliana Tonini Yann Quid é Thomas J Whitford Melissa J Green Source Type: research

Cumulative sociodemographic disadvantage partially mediates associations between childhood trauma and schizotypy
CONCLUSIONS: These findings in a mixed sample of healthy and clinical participants represent the full spectrum of schizotypy across health and illness and suggest that effects of childhood trauma on schizotypal personality organization may operate via cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in adulthood.PRACTITIONER POINTS: The strong associations between trauma and schizotypy suggest that systematic health screening of children exposed to early life trauma may assist to identify those at risk of developing psychosis. Clinicians should pay attention to various indicators of sociodemographic disadvantage in patients prone to ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emiliana Tonini Yann Quid é Thomas J Whitford Melissa J Green Source Type: research

Cumulative sociodemographic disadvantage partially mediates associations between childhood trauma and schizotypy
CONCLUSIONS: These findings in a mixed sample of healthy and clinical participants represent the full spectrum of schizotypy across health and illness and suggest that effects of childhood trauma on schizotypal personality organization may operate via cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in adulthood.PRACTITIONER POINTS: The strong associations between trauma and schizotypy suggest that systematic health screening of children exposed to early life trauma may assist to identify those at risk of developing psychosis. Clinicians should pay attention to various indicators of sociodemographic disadvantage in patients prone to ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emiliana Tonini Yann Quid é Thomas J Whitford Melissa J Green Source Type: research

The relationship between rumination and NSSI: A  systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that rumination is associated with NSSI, but more so the likelihood of engaging in NSSI overall than the frequency. Rumination-focused techniques for NSSI may therefore be of benefit. Further research is needed to understand this association, particularly with longitudinal studies that focus on state rumination rather than stable trait rumination.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Rumination was found to have a small to moderate association with NSSI. Some individuals who engage in NSSI may benefit from psychological techniques that target rumination. Most of the studies included had a moderate risk of bia...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sophie E Coleman Brendan J Dunlop Samantha Hartley Peter J Taylor Source Type: research

The relationship between rumination and NSSI: A  systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that rumination is associated with NSSI, but more so the likelihood of engaging in NSSI overall than the frequency. Rumination-focused techniques for NSSI may therefore be of benefit. Further research is needed to understand this association, particularly with longitudinal studies that focus on state rumination rather than stable trait rumination.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Rumination was found to have a small to moderate association with NSSI. Some individuals who engage in NSSI may benefit from psychological techniques that target rumination. Most of the studies included had a moderate risk of bia...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sophie E Coleman Brendan J Dunlop Samantha Hartley Peter J Taylor Source Type: research

The relationship between rumination and NSSI: A  systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that rumination is associated with NSSI, but more so the likelihood of engaging in NSSI overall than the frequency. Rumination-focused techniques for NSSI may therefore be of benefit. Further research is needed to understand this association, particularly with longitudinal studies that focus on state rumination rather than stable trait rumination.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Rumination was found to have a small to moderate association with NSSI. Some individuals who engage in NSSI may benefit from psychological techniques that target rumination. Most of the studies included had a moderate risk of bia...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sophie E Coleman Brendan J Dunlop Samantha Hartley Peter J Taylor Source Type: research

The relationship between rumination and NSSI: A  systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that rumination is associated with NSSI, but more so the likelihood of engaging in NSSI overall than the frequency. Rumination-focused techniques for NSSI may therefore be of benefit. Further research is needed to understand this association, particularly with longitudinal studies that focus on state rumination rather than stable trait rumination.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Rumination was found to have a small to moderate association with NSSI. Some individuals who engage in NSSI may benefit from psychological techniques that target rumination. Most of the studies included had a moderate risk of bia...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sophie E Coleman Brendan J Dunlop Samantha Hartley Peter J Taylor Source Type: research

Bouldering psychotherapy is not inferior to cognitive behavioural therapy in the group treatment of depression: A randomized controlled trial
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 17. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12347. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Bouldering has shown promising results in the treatment of various health problems. In previous research, bouldering psychotherapy (BPT) was shown to be superior to a waitlist control group and to physical exercise with regard to reducing symptoms of depression. The primary aim of this study was to compare group BPT with group cognitive behavioural psychotherapy (CBT) to test the hypothesis that BPT would be equally as effective as CBT.DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded non-inferiority trial in whi...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katharina Luttenberger Nina Karg-Hefner Matthias Berking Leona Kind Maren Weiss Johannes Kornhuber Lisa Dorscht Source Type: research

Bouldering psychotherapy is not inferior to cognitive behavioural therapy in the group treatment of depression: A randomized controlled trial
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 17. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12347. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Bouldering has shown promising results in the treatment of various health problems. In previous research, bouldering psychotherapy (BPT) was shown to be superior to a waitlist control group and to physical exercise with regard to reducing symptoms of depression. The primary aim of this study was to compare group BPT with group cognitive behavioural psychotherapy (CBT) to test the hypothesis that BPT would be equally as effective as CBT.DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded non-inferiority trial in whi...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katharina Luttenberger Nina Karg-Hefner Matthias Berking Leona Kind Maren Weiss Johannes Kornhuber Lisa Dorscht Source Type: research

Bouldering psychotherapy is not inferior to cognitive behavioural therapy in the group treatment of depression: A randomized controlled trial
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 17. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12347. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Bouldering has shown promising results in the treatment of various health problems. In previous research, bouldering psychotherapy (BPT) was shown to be superior to a waitlist control group and to physical exercise with regard to reducing symptoms of depression. The primary aim of this study was to compare group BPT with group cognitive behavioural psychotherapy (CBT) to test the hypothesis that BPT would be equally as effective as CBT.DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded non-inferiority trial in whi...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katharina Luttenberger Nina Karg-Hefner Matthias Berking Leona Kind Maren Weiss Johannes Kornhuber Lisa Dorscht Source Type: research

Relationship between psychopathic traits and performance on the Mini Social Cognition and Emotional Assessment in incarcerated males
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 15. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12348. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPsychopathy is a constellation of personality traits such as callousness, manipulativeness, and impulsivity, and these traits often co-occur with antisocial behavior. Researchers and clinicians have posited that these traits may be associated with impairments in orbitofrontal cortex functioning, but researchers have rarely assessed this using clinical neuropsychological assessments. In a sample of 87 male inmates in a county jail, this study examined the relationship between psychopathic traits and performance on the Mini Social Cognition...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rheanna J Remmel Andrea L Glenn Alexandra P Harrison Source Type: research

Relationship between psychopathic traits and performance on the Mini Social Cognition and Emotional Assessment in incarcerated males
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 15. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12348. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPsychopathy is a constellation of personality traits such as callousness, manipulativeness, and impulsivity, and these traits often co-occur with antisocial behavior. Researchers and clinicians have posited that these traits may be associated with impairments in orbitofrontal cortex functioning, but researchers have rarely assessed this using clinical neuropsychological assessments. In a sample of 87 male inmates in a county jail, this study examined the relationship between psychopathic traits and performance on the Mini Social Cognition...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rheanna J Remmel Andrea L Glenn Alexandra P Harrison Source Type: research

Relationship between psychopathic traits and performance on the Mini Social Cognition and Emotional Assessment in incarcerated males
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Nov 15. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12348. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPsychopathy is a constellation of personality traits such as callousness, manipulativeness, and impulsivity, and these traits often co-occur with antisocial behavior. Researchers and clinicians have posited that these traits may be associated with impairments in orbitofrontal cortex functioning, but researchers have rarely assessed this using clinical neuropsychological assessments. In a sample of 87 male inmates in a county jail, this study examined the relationship between psychopathic traits and performance on the Mini Social Cognition...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rheanna J Remmel Andrea L Glenn Alexandra P Harrison Source Type: research

A comprehensive group-based cognitive behavioural treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia
CONCLUSION: Despite the heterogeneous nature of BII phobia, this group-based, modified CBT intervention was effective in reducing a variety of phobic responses, including fear, disgust, and fainting.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Disgust is a key maintaining factor in blood-injection-injury phobia, which clinicians should consider in their assessment and treatment of this disorder. There is little in the existing literature to guide clinicians in this regard. This study examined a novel group treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia which included strategies to target disgust, in addition to traditional CBT strategies to address ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth C Mason Jonathan E Gaston Carmela F Pestell Andrew C Page Source Type: research

A comprehensive group-based cognitive behavioural treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia
CONCLUSION: Despite the heterogeneous nature of BII phobia, this group-based, modified CBT intervention was effective in reducing a variety of phobic responses, including fear, disgust, and fainting.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Disgust is a key maintaining factor in blood-injection-injury phobia, which clinicians should consider in their assessment and treatment of this disorder. There is little in the existing literature to guide clinicians in this regard. This study examined a novel group treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia which included strategies to target disgust, in addition to traditional CBT strategies to address ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth C Mason Jonathan E Gaston Carmela F Pestell Andrew C Page Source Type: research

A comprehensive group-based cognitive behavioural treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia
CONCLUSION: Despite the heterogeneous nature of BII phobia, this group-based, modified CBT intervention was effective in reducing a variety of phobic responses, including fear, disgust, and fainting.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Disgust is a key maintaining factor in blood-injection-injury phobia, which clinicians should consider in their assessment and treatment of this disorder. There is little in the existing literature to guide clinicians in this regard. This study examined a novel group treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia which included strategies to target disgust, in addition to traditional CBT strategies to address ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth C Mason Jonathan E Gaston Carmela F Pestell Andrew C Page Source Type: research

A comprehensive group-based cognitive behavioural treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia
CONCLUSION: Despite the heterogeneous nature of BII phobia, this group-based, modified CBT intervention was effective in reducing a variety of phobic responses, including fear, disgust, and fainting.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Disgust is a key maintaining factor in blood-injection-injury phobia, which clinicians should consider in their assessment and treatment of this disorder. There is little in the existing literature to guide clinicians in this regard. This study examined a novel group treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia which included strategies to target disgust, in addition to traditional CBT strategies to address ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth C Mason Jonathan E Gaston Carmela F Pestell Andrew C Page Source Type: research

A comprehensive group-based cognitive behavioural treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia
CONCLUSION: Despite the heterogeneous nature of BII phobia, this group-based, modified CBT intervention was effective in reducing a variety of phobic responses, including fear, disgust, and fainting.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Disgust is a key maintaining factor in blood-injection-injury phobia, which clinicians should consider in their assessment and treatment of this disorder. There is little in the existing literature to guide clinicians in this regard. This study examined a novel group treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia which included strategies to target disgust, in addition to traditional CBT strategies to address ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth C Mason Jonathan E Gaston Carmela F Pestell Andrew C Page Source Type: research

A comprehensive group-based cognitive behavioural treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia
CONCLUSION: Despite the heterogeneous nature of BII phobia, this group-based, modified CBT intervention was effective in reducing a variety of phobic responses, including fear, disgust, and fainting.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Disgust is a key maintaining factor in blood-injection-injury phobia, which clinicians should consider in their assessment and treatment of this disorder. There is little in the existing literature to guide clinicians in this regard. This study examined a novel group treatment for blood-injection-injury phobia which included strategies to target disgust, in addition to traditional CBT strategies to address ...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth C Mason Jonathan E Gaston Carmela F Pestell Andrew C Page Source Type: research

The roles of coalitional threat and safety in paranoia: A network approach
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that threat from within one's immediate social group is more closely linked to paranoid thoughts than is safety from either one's social group or the wider social environment. Further, our results imply that coalitional threat may be a particularly associated with concerns common in psychosis, whereas paranoid ideation more common in the general population is also associated with reduced coalitional safety. Overall, this network analysis offers a broad view of how paranoia relates to multiple aspects of our coalitional environment and provides some testable predictions for future research i...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Greenburgh Vaughan Bell Nichola Raihani Source Type: research

Conflicted or close: Which relationships to the deceased are associated with loss-related psychopathology?
CONCLUSIONS: The differences in the relationship of past closeness and conflict to prolonged grief and depression symptoms suggest that inter- and intrapersonal mechanisms of prolonged grief and depressive symptoms may be distinct. If future, especially longitudinal studies, confirm our model, CB would be a possible target for interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relationship with a deceased family member and experience loss-related psychopathology.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Continuing bonds (CB) are a potential target of interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relatio...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcin Sekowski Holly G Prigerson Source Type: research

The roles of coalitional threat and safety in paranoia: A network approach
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that threat from within one's immediate social group is more closely linked to paranoid thoughts than is safety from either one's social group or the wider social environment. Further, our results imply that coalitional threat may be a particularly associated with concerns common in psychosis, whereas paranoid ideation more common in the general population is also associated with reduced coalitional safety. Overall, this network analysis offers a broad view of how paranoia relates to multiple aspects of our coalitional environment and provides some testable predictions for future research i...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Greenburgh Vaughan Bell Nichola Raihani Source Type: research

Conflicted or close: Which relationships to the deceased are associated with loss-related psychopathology?
CONCLUSIONS: The differences in the relationship of past closeness and conflict to prolonged grief and depression symptoms suggest that inter- and intrapersonal mechanisms of prolonged grief and depressive symptoms may be distinct. If future, especially longitudinal studies, confirm our model, CB would be a possible target for interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relationship with a deceased family member and experience loss-related psychopathology.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Continuing bonds (CB) are a potential target of interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relatio...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcin Sekowski Holly G Prigerson Source Type: research

The roles of coalitional threat and safety in paranoia: A network approach
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that threat from within one's immediate social group is more closely linked to paranoid thoughts than is safety from either one's social group or the wider social environment. Further, our results imply that coalitional threat may be a particularly associated with concerns common in psychosis, whereas paranoid ideation more common in the general population is also associated with reduced coalitional safety. Overall, this network analysis offers a broad view of how paranoia relates to multiple aspects of our coalitional environment and provides some testable predictions for future research i...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Greenburgh Vaughan Bell Nichola Raihani Source Type: research

Conflicted or close: Which relationships to the deceased are associated with loss-related psychopathology?
CONCLUSIONS: The differences in the relationship of past closeness and conflict to prolonged grief and depression symptoms suggest that inter- and intrapersonal mechanisms of prolonged grief and depressive symptoms may be distinct. If future, especially longitudinal studies, confirm our model, CB would be a possible target for interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relationship with a deceased family member and experience loss-related psychopathology.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Continuing bonds (CB) are a potential target of interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relatio...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcin Sekowski Holly G Prigerson Source Type: research

The roles of coalitional threat and safety in paranoia: A network approach
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that threat from within one's immediate social group is more closely linked to paranoid thoughts than is safety from either one's social group or the wider social environment. Further, our results imply that coalitional threat may be a particularly associated with concerns common in psychosis, whereas paranoid ideation more common in the general population is also associated with reduced coalitional safety. Overall, this network analysis offers a broad view of how paranoia relates to multiple aspects of our coalitional environment and provides some testable predictions for future research i...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Greenburgh Vaughan Bell Nichola Raihani Source Type: research

Conflicted or close: Which relationships to the deceased are associated with loss-related psychopathology?
CONCLUSIONS: The differences in the relationship of past closeness and conflict to prolonged grief and depression symptoms suggest that inter- and intrapersonal mechanisms of prolonged grief and depressive symptoms may be distinct. If future, especially longitudinal studies, confirm our model, CB would be a possible target for interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relationship with a deceased family member and experience loss-related psychopathology.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Continuing bonds (CB) are a potential target of interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relatio...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcin Sekowski Holly G Prigerson Source Type: research

The roles of coalitional threat and safety in paranoia: A network approach
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that threat from within one's immediate social group is more closely linked to paranoid thoughts than is safety from either one's social group or the wider social environment. Further, our results imply that coalitional threat may be a particularly associated with concerns common in psychosis, whereas paranoid ideation more common in the general population is also associated with reduced coalitional safety. Overall, this network analysis offers a broad view of how paranoia relates to multiple aspects of our coalitional environment and provides some testable predictions for future research i...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Greenburgh Vaughan Bell Nichola Raihani Source Type: research

Conflicted or close: Which relationships to the deceased are associated with loss-related psychopathology?
CONCLUSIONS: The differences in the relationship of past closeness and conflict to prolonged grief and depression symptoms suggest that inter- and intrapersonal mechanisms of prolonged grief and depressive symptoms may be distinct. If future, especially longitudinal studies, confirm our model, CB would be a possible target for interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relationship with a deceased family member and experience loss-related psychopathology.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Continuing bonds (CB) are a potential target of interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relatio...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcin Sekowski Holly G Prigerson Source Type: research

The roles of coalitional threat and safety in paranoia: A network approach
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that threat from within one's immediate social group is more closely linked to paranoid thoughts than is safety from either one's social group or the wider social environment. Further, our results imply that coalitional threat may be a particularly associated with concerns common in psychosis, whereas paranoid ideation more common in the general population is also associated with reduced coalitional safety. Overall, this network analysis offers a broad view of how paranoia relates to multiple aspects of our coalitional environment and provides some testable predictions for future research i...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Greenburgh Vaughan Bell Nichola Raihani Source Type: research

Conflicted or close: Which relationships to the deceased are associated with loss-related psychopathology?
CONCLUSIONS: The differences in the relationship of past closeness and conflict to prolonged grief and depression symptoms suggest that inter- and intrapersonal mechanisms of prolonged grief and depressive symptoms may be distinct. If future, especially longitudinal studies, confirm our model, CB would be a possible target for interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relationship with a deceased family member and experience loss-related psychopathology.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Continuing bonds (CB) are a potential target of interventions for bereaved persons who had a close and/or conflicted relatio...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marcin Sekowski Holly G Prigerson Source Type: research

'Faking it': Exploring adolescent perceptions of depression (in)authenticity and 'attention seeking'
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents framed a dichotomy between so-called 'real' and 'fake depression', with hostility directed at peers perceived to be 'fake depressed'. Perceptions of depression inauthenticity were confused and inconsistent. Public and self-stigma towards depression inauthenticity enforced barriers to help-seeking. While future research should investigate to what extent these observations based on online forums mimic stigma in real-life settings, our findings have highlighted the needs for 'fake depression' stigma to be addressed by adolescent depression literacy and stigma interventions. Recent movements towards re...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katharina C Dixon-Ward Stella W Y Chan Source Type: research

'Faking it': Exploring adolescent perceptions of depression (in)authenticity and 'attention seeking'
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents framed a dichotomy between so-called 'real' and 'fake depression', with hostility directed at peers perceived to be 'fake depressed'. Perceptions of depression inauthenticity were confused and inconsistent. Public and self-stigma towards depression inauthenticity enforced barriers to help-seeking. While future research should investigate to what extent these observations based on online forums mimic stigma in real-life settings, our findings have highlighted the needs for 'fake depression' stigma to be addressed by adolescent depression literacy and stigma interventions. Recent movements towards re...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katharina C Dixon-Ward Stella W Y Chan Source Type: research

'Faking it': Exploring adolescent perceptions of depression (in)authenticity and 'attention seeking'
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents framed a dichotomy between so-called 'real' and 'fake depression', with hostility directed at peers perceived to be 'fake depressed'. Perceptions of depression inauthenticity were confused and inconsistent. Public and self-stigma towards depression inauthenticity enforced barriers to help-seeking. While future research should investigate to what extent these observations based on online forums mimic stigma in real-life settings, our findings have highlighted the needs for 'fake depression' stigma to be addressed by adolescent depression literacy and stigma interventions. Recent movements towards re...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katharina C Dixon-Ward Stella W Y Chan Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder and major depression among frontline healthcare staff working during the COVID-19 pandemic
CONCLUSION: These findings indicate the propensity of health care staff to experience a range of occupational and personal trauma associated with PTSD and the need to assess index trauma when diagnosing psychopathology in order to best understand the needs of this workforce.PRACTITIONER POINTS: We found high diagnostic rates of PTSD (44%) and major depression (39%) among frontline healthcare staff working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although major depression developed during the pandemic, PTSD was more likely to be pre-existing. When assessing pandemic-related psychopathology, it is important to assess the onset and inde...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jennifer Wild Aimee McKinnon Abbie Wilkins Haddi Browne Source Type: research

Is alcohol use associated with psychological treatment attendance and clinical outcomes?
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Oct 28. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12343. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between alcohol use, psychological treatment attendance, and clinical outcomes.METHODS: We analysed electronic health records for N = 7,986 patients accessing psychological treatment for common mental disorders. Data were collected for pre-treatment alcohol use (average units per week) and severity of dependence (SDS), number of therapy contacts attended, pre- and post-treatment anxiety (GAD-7), and depression (PHQ-9) symptom severity. Hierarchical regression was used to examine associations between...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vanessa J Hunt Jaime Delgadillo Source Type: research

Is alcohol use associated with psychological treatment attendance and clinical outcomes?
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Oct 28. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12343. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between alcohol use, psychological treatment attendance, and clinical outcomes.METHODS: We analysed electronic health records for N = 7,986 patients accessing psychological treatment for common mental disorders. Data were collected for pre-treatment alcohol use (average units per week) and severity of dependence (SDS), number of therapy contacts attended, pre- and post-treatment anxiety (GAD-7), and depression (PHQ-9) symptom severity. Hierarchical regression was used to examine associations between...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vanessa J Hunt Jaime Delgadillo Source Type: research

mHealth and technology innovations for anxiety and OC spectrum disorders
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Oct 26. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12341. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInterdisciplinary mobile health (mHealth) technologies and intervention approaches are changing the nature of health research, providing the opportunity to shift from more reactive approaches for patient care to a more proactive stance. As with the larger field of medicine, mHealth and technology-enhanced approaches in psychiatry and clinical psychology are opening an unparalleled number of avenues to help reduce the risk for psychiatric disease, treat psychological disorders, and increase well-being of our patients. While promising, this...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

mHealth and technology innovations for anxiety and OC spectrum disorders
Br J Clin Psychol. 2021 Oct 26. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12341. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInterdisciplinary mobile health (mHealth) technologies and intervention approaches are changing the nature of health research, providing the opportunity to shift from more reactive approaches for patient care to a more proactive stance. As with the larger field of medicine, mHealth and technology-enhanced approaches in psychiatry and clinical psychology are opening an unparalleled number of avenues to help reduce the risk for psychiatric disease, treat psychological disorders, and increase well-being of our patients. While promising, this...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kiara R Timpano Source Type: research

The mediating role of tolerance for psychological pain in the relationship of childhood trauma to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that depressive symptoms and a lack of ability to manage psychological pain contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions in individuals with SUDs. Moreover, they have relevant implications for prevention and clinical interventions regarding suicidal ideation in this population.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Childhood trauma relates to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder. Depressive symptoms contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions. A lack of ability to manage ps...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lu ís C Martins Rui C Campos In ês S Morujão Source Type: research

The mediating role of tolerance for psychological pain in the relationship of childhood trauma to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that depressive symptoms and a lack of ability to manage psychological pain contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions in individuals with SUDs. Moreover, they have relevant implications for prevention and clinical interventions regarding suicidal ideation in this population.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Childhood trauma relates to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder. Depressive symptoms contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions. A lack of ability to manage ps...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lu ís C Martins Rui C Campos In ês S Morujão Source Type: research

The mediating role of tolerance for psychological pain in the relationship of childhood trauma to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that depressive symptoms and a lack of ability to manage psychological pain contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions in individuals with SUDs. Moreover, they have relevant implications for prevention and clinical interventions regarding suicidal ideation in this population.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Childhood trauma relates to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder. Depressive symptoms contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions. A lack of ability to manage ps...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lu ís C Martins Rui C Campos In ês S Morujão Source Type: research

The mediating role of tolerance for psychological pain in the relationship of childhood trauma to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that depressive symptoms and a lack of ability to manage psychological pain contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions in individuals with SUDs. Moreover, they have relevant implications for prevention and clinical interventions regarding suicidal ideation in this population.PRACTITIONER POINTS: Childhood trauma relates to suicidal ideation in individuals with a substance use disorder. Depressive symptoms contribute towards explaining why traumatic childhood experiences may result in suicidal cognitions. A lack of ability to manage ps...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - October 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lu ís C Martins Rui C Campos In ês S Morujão Source Type: research