Anterior Pericardiectomy for Post Infective Constrictive Pericarditis; Intermediate Term Outcomes
Conclusions Anterior pericardiectomy is sufficient in patients with constrictive pericarditis of infective etiology. Preoperative low ejection fraction, atrial fibrillation, poor functional class and constrictive effusive pericarditis results in poor surgical outcome. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Valvectomy versus Replacement for the Surgical Treatment of Tricuspid Endocarditis
Conclusions Tricuspid valve excision, repair, and replacement have similar 30-day operative mortality, as defined by the STS, in TV endocarditis patients and significantly lower unplanned readmission rates at one year in the excision patients. Tricuspid valvectomy is an acceptable initial treatment in this high-risk group as part of a surgical strategy to identify patients who are candidates for eventual valve replacement. Further study of long term outcomes and survival is warranted. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Repair of Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Mycotic Aneurysms and Infected Aortic Grafts Using Allograft
Conclusions Radical resection and in-situ reconstruction with CPA avoids placing prosthetic material in an infected field and provides good early and mid-term outcomes. However, early postoperative imaging is necessary given the risk of pseudoaneurysm formation. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The Impact of Mitral Disease Etiology on Operative Mortality Following Mitral Valve Operations
Conclusions Mortality following mitral operations is determined primarily by standard clinical risk factors; mitral etiology does not appear to add independent predictive value. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Anterior Pericardiectomy for Post Infective Constrictive Pericarditis; Intermediate Term Outcomes.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Post tubercular constrictive pericarditis is prevalent pericardial disease in developing countries. Pericardiectomy is the treatment of choice but considered a procedure of high morbidity and mortality. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2013 we performed 130 pericardiectomies. Mean age was 22.95±12.55 years with 92 (71%) males. All patients were symptomatic; 118 (91%) were in NYHA class III / IV. Almost all patients were diagnosed to be of tubercular origin; 14 (11 %) histopathologically proven, 77 (59%) with definitive history while 39 (30%) suspected to be of tubercular orig...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Acharya A, Koirala R, Rajbhandari N, Sharma J, Rajbanshi B Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Repair of Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Mycotic Aneurysms and Infected Aortic Grafts Using Allograft.
CONCLUSIONS: Radical resection and in-situ reconstruction with CPA avoids placing prosthetic material in an infected field and provides good early and mid-term outcomes. However, early postoperative imaging is necessary given the risk of pseudoaneurysm formation. PMID: 29777669 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Corvera JS, Blitzer D, Copeland H, Murphy D, Hess PJ, Pillai ST, Fehrenbacher JW Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

The Impact of Mitral Disease Etiology on Operative Mortality Following Mitral Valve Operations.
CONCLUSIONS: Mortality following mitral operations is determined primarily by standard clinical risk factors; mitral etiology does not appear to add independent predictive value. PMID: 29777670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Rankin JS, Grau-Sepulveda M, Shahian DM, Gillinov AM, Suri R, Gammie JS, Bolling SF, McCarthy PM, Thourani VH, Ad N, O'Brien SM, Jacobs JP, Badhwar V Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Surgical Management and Outcomes of Ebstein Anomaly in Neonates and Infants: A Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic EA in early infancy is very high risk and a variety of operative procedures were performed. A dedicated prospective study is required to more fully understand optimal selection of treatment pathways to guide a systematic approach to operative management. PMID: 29777671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Holst KA, Dearani JA, Said SM, Davies RR, Pizarro C, Knott-Craig C, Kumar TKS, Starnes V, Kumar SR, Pasquali SK, Thibault DP, Meza JM, Hill KD, Chiswell K, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Valvectomy versus Replacement for the Surgical Treatment of Tricuspid Endocarditis.
CONCLUSIONS: Tricuspid valve excision, repair, and replacement have similar 30-day operative mortality, as defined by the STS, in TV endocarditis patients and significantly lower unplanned readmission rates at one year in the excision patients. Tricuspid valvectomy is an acceptable initial treatment in this high-risk group as part of a surgical strategy to identify patients who are candidates for eventual valve replacement. Further study of long term outcomes and survival is warranted. PMID: 29777672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Protos AN, Trivedi JR, Whited WM, Rogers MP, Owolabi U, Grubb KJ, Sell-Dottin K, Slaughter MS Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Genetic and Extracardiac Anomalies are Associated with Inferior Single Ventricle Palliation Outcomes.
Abstract BACKGROUND: We aim to examine the effect of genetic syndromes and extracardiac anomalies (GS/EC) on single ventricle (SV) palliation with focus on hospital death, interstage mortality, and progression towards subsequent palliation stages. METHODS: 530 neonates with SV underwent first-stage palliation: Norwood (n=284,53%), shunt (n=173,33%), band (n=73,14%). Outcomes were compared between those with GS/EC (n=121,23%) and without GS/EC (n=409,77%). Regression analyses were adjusted for other risk factors (age, gender, prematurity, weight, SV anomaly, first-stage palliation surgery). RESULTS: GS/EC...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Alsoufi B, McCracken C, Oster M, Shashidharan S, Kanter K Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

The Use of Stitching and Bioabsorbable Mesh and Glue to Combat Prolonged Air Leaks.
Abstract Prolonged postoperative air leaks are associated with extended periods of postoperative hospitalization, increased hospital costs, and an increased incidence of major cardiopulmonary complications. To prevent prolonged air leaks, we used small pieces of polyglycolic acid mesh as a pledget during the stitching of air leak sites. The stitched sites were then covered with mesh and fibrin glue. This novel technique showed the highest airway pressure tolerance in an ex vivo experimental study. There were no incidents of prolonged air leak among the five clinical cases in which this technique was initially appl...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tanaka T, Ueda K, Murakami J, Hamano K Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Outcomes of Planned 2-Stage Hybrid Aortic Repair with Dacron Replaced Proximal Landing Zone.
CONCLUSIONS: Planned 2-stage HAR with open 1st stage PAR followed by 2nd stage TEVAR with Dacron replaced PLZ yields excellent short and long-term results, including low rates of re-intervention likely due to long-segment PLZ within Dacron-replaced aorta. The technique should be considered in patients with even mild (>4.0 cm) ascending aortic dilation in whom HAR is otherwise the preferred treatment option. PMID: 29775605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ranney DN, Yerokun BA, Benrashid E, Bishawi M, Williams A, McCann RL, Hughes GC Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

ECMO for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome after Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.
We present 3 cases of successful ECMO for ARDS after TAAA repair and discuss management of anticoagulation and cerebrospinal fluid drains. Our experience suggests that ECMO is reasonable in selected patients after TAAA repair. PMID: 29775606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Chatterjee S, Mulvoy W, Preventza OA, de la Cruz KI, LeMaire SA, Coselli JS Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Cumulative Effect of Preoperative Risk Factors on Mortality after Pediatric Heart Transplantation (Commentary).
PMID: 29775607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Davies RR Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Giant Circumflex Artery Aneurysm with a Coronary Sinus Fistula
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Richard Libertini, David Walbridge, Hefin R. Jones, Mark Gunning, Christopher MR. Satur Giant coronary artery aneurysms (GCCAA) are extremely rare entities, and of the circumflex artery we are aware of only 13 case reports. We therefore provide this case report to add evidence of the natural history and pathophysiology and describe successful surgical treatment of the condition. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of Wedge vs. Lobar Resection for Stage 1 NSCLC Patients: A SEER-Medicare Analysis
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Stephanie Tuminello, Andrea Wolf, Emanuela Taioli, Raja Flores (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Cor-Knot perforation of aortic Valve Leaflet (Reply)
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Alexander A. Brescia, Steven F. Bolling, Himanshu J. Patel (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Combined Rehabilitation and Nutritional Coaching After Cardiac Surgery: Gender Differences
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Francesca Coppi, Sonia Pennella, Alberto Farinetti (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Repair of Pectus Carinatum: Bar Number and Technique
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Wenlin Wang, Chunmei Chen (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

A Hem-o-Lok-Induced Tracheoesophageal Fistula Cured By Temporary Airway Stenting Modified With Three-Dimensional Printing
We present the case of a fistula between the trachea and the esophagogastric anastomosis in a 58-year-old male after esophagectomy. A Hem-o-Lok clip used at the time to ligate the azygos vein was discovered by esophagoscopy and bronchoscopy to be eroding into the both structures. A covered self-expandable Y-shaped metallic tracheobronchial stent was customized with a 3D printed airway model and inserted in place, with endoscopic injection of fibrin glue to the anastomotic site. 64 days after implantation, the stent was withdrawn with complete healing of the fistula. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Patient-Controlled Paravertebral Block for Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery: A Randomized Trial
Conclusions PVB, which resulted in lower cumulative dezocine doses and produced fewer side effects than PCA, can provide effective pain relief for patients undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 13, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Patient-Controlled Paravertebral Block for Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery: A Randomized Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: PVB, which resulted in lower cumulative dezocine doses and produced fewer side effects than PCA, can provide effective pain relief for patients undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. PMID: 29763594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Wu Z, Fang S, Wang Q, Wu C, Zhan T, Wu M Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Comparison of Wedge vs. Lobar Resection for Stage 1 NSCLC Patients: A SEER-Medicare Analysis.
PMID: 29763595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tuminello S, Wolf A, Taioli E, Flores R Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Combined Rehabilitation and Nutritional Coaching After Cardiac Surgery: Gender Differences.
PMID: 29763596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mattioli AV, Coppi F, Pennella S, Farinetti A Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

A Hem-o-Lok-Induced Tracheoesophageal Fistula Cured By Temporary Airway Stenting Modified With Three-Dimensional Printing.
We present the case of a fistula between the trachea and the esophagogastric anastomosis in a 58-year-old male after esophagectomy. A Hem-o-Lok clip used at the time to ligate the azygos vein was discovered by esophagoscopy and bronchoscopy to be eroding into the both structures. A covered self-expandable Y-shaped metallic tracheobronchial stent was customized with a 3D printed airway model and inserted in place, with endoscopic injection of fibrin glue to the anastomotic site. 64 days after implantation, the stent was withdrawn with complete healing of the fistula. PMID: 29763597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Han Y, Yang S, Huang W, Wang Z, Li H Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Repair of Pectus Carinatum: Bar Number and Technique.
PMID: 29763598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Wang W, Chen C Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Giant Circumflex Artery Aneurysm with a Coronary Sinus Fistula.
Abstract Giant coronary artery aneurysms (GCCAA) are extremely rare entities, and of the circumflex artery we are aware of only 13 case reports. We therefore provide this case report to add evidence of the natural history and pathophysiology and describe successful surgical treatment of the condition. PMID: 29763599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Libertini R, Walbridge D, Jones HR, Gunning M, Satur CM Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Cor-Knot perforation of aortic Valve Leaflet (Reply).
PMID: 29763600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Brescia AA, Bolling SF, Patel HJ Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Peripheral Distribution of Thrombus Does Not Affect Outcomes After Surgical Pulmonary Embolectomy (Commentary).
PMID: 29758206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Lehr EJ, Pulido JN Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Lung Cancer Invading a Coronary Graft: Role of Coronary Intervention and Robotic Surgery.
We present a patient with squamous cell carcinoma invading into coronary artery bypass grafts, but successfully treated by combination of percutaneous coronary intervention followed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. PMID: 29758207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Wang SC, Patel H, Scott WW Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Septal Leaflet Versus Chordal Detachment in Closure of Hard-to-Expose Ventricular Septal Defects (Commentary).
PMID: 29758208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Park CS Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Bilateral Internal Mammary Artery Utilization in Diabetics: Friend or Foe?
CONCLUSIONS: In this statewide analysis, diabetics who received BIMA grafts (compared to diabetics with LIMA grafts or non-diabetics with BIMA grafts) had higher O/E ratios for composite morbidity/mortality as a result of higher O/E ratios for major complications. PMID: 29758209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Crawford TC, Zhou X, Fraser CD, Magruder JT, Suarez-Pierre A, Alejo D, Bobbitt J, Fonner CE, Wehberg K, Taylor B, Kwon C, Fiocco M, Conte JV, Salenger R, Whitman GJ, Investigators for the Maryland Cardiac Surgery Quality Initiative Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Successful Use of Sternal-sparing Minimally Invasive Surgery for Proximal Ascending Aortic Pathology (Commentary).
PMID: 29758210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Elmously A, Salemi A, Guy TS Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Localized Tracheal Amyloidosis.
di O, Gambí-Pisonero E PMID: 29758211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Gorospe L, Gómez-García RM, Arrieta P, Cabañero-Sánchez A, Ajuria-Illarramendi O, Gambí-Pisonero E Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Maternal and Fetal Outcome after Cardiac Surgery during Pregnancy: A Meta-Analysis (Commentary).
PMID: 29758212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Oliver WC Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Converting Atoms into Bytes.
PMID: 29758213 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Shetty V, Shetty D Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Comparing Transfemoral, Transcarotid and Transcaval Access.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients unsuitable for TF TAVR treated with TC or TCav access had 30-day/in-hospital and 1-year survival similar to a contemporary cohort undergoing TF access. Avoiding surgical entry to the chest may offer procedural and intermediate term outcomes equivalent to TF TAVR. PMID: 29758214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Paone G, Eng M, Kabbani LS, Borgi J, Peterson E, Novitsky B, Burroughs B, Wang DD, O'Neill WW, Greenbaum AS Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Preoperative 6-Minute Walk Distance Is Associated With Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction
Conclusions The 6MWD is useful in identifying patients with a higher chance of developing POCD after a cardiac operation. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 11, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Arch Augmentation via Median Sternotomy for Coarctation of Aorta with Proximal Arch Hypoplasia.
CONCLUSIONS: Arch augmentation via median sternotomy is a safe and effective procedure that can be accomplished with low morbidity and mortality. The reconstructed arch retains excellent growth potential resulting in a very favorable physiologic outcome. PMID: 29753817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Gray WH, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Routine Papillary Muscle Realignment and Septal Myectomy for Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.
In this study, we describe our experience with combined papillary muscle realignment (PMR) and septal myectomy for the treatment of obstructive HCM. METHODS: We identified 44 patients undergoing surgery for obstructive HCM whose anatomy was amenable to combined PMR and septal myectomy at our institution over a 20-month period. All patients underwent resting and stress echocardiography pre- and postoperatively. Demographic, clinical, and imaging data were prospectively collected in a cardiac surgery database. RESULTS: Patient age ranged broadly, with mean age of 54 years (range 18-76). Preoperatively, 70% of patie...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Song HK, Turner J, Macfie R, Kumar S, Mannello MJ, Smith D, Bhamidipati C, Raman J, Tibayan F, Heitner SB Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Use of the Novel Surgical Enhancement Tools for Less Invasive Abbott HeartMate 3 ™ Implantation.
We present our initial experience with the novel Abbott surgical enhancement tools for less invasive HeartMate 3TM Left Ventricular Assist System (LVAS) implantation (Abbott, Chicago, IL, USA). Three new devices are introduced, a mini apical cuff with, a cuff holder and a new designed coring knife, facilitating access through left sided mini-thoracotomy. PMID: 29753819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Riebandt J, Wiedemann D, Simon P, Dimitrov K, Laufer G, Zimpfer D Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Association of Pre-Operative Cell Counts With Outcomes after Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease.
We examined the association of pre-operative cell count abnormalities, which have been shown to be associated with outcomes in adult cardiac patients, with morbidity and mortality following surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) in children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on 4865 children undergoing cardiac surgery from 2004- 2014. Our exposures of interest were presence of pre-operative lymphopenia (lymphocyte count ≤ 3000 cells/μL), thrombocytopenia (platelet count
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jones S, McCracken C, Alsoufi B, Mahle WT, Oster ME Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Thromboelastography is Associated with Surrogates for Bleeding after Pediatric Cardiac Surgery.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Perioperative bleeding is a common complication in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Although thromboelastography (TEG) has been utilized in patients undergoing adult cardiac surgery, limited data are available in pediatric patients. We hypothesize that TEG parameters may be associated with surrogate endpoints for postoperative bleeding in pediatric patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery. METHODS: In a retrospective study, TEG was obtained after protamine administration and upon intensive care unit (ICU) admission in pediatric patients (≤ 18yrs) undergoing cardiac sur...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Emani S, Sleeper LA, Faraoni D, Mulone M, Diallo F, DiNardo JA, Ibla J, Emani SM Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

First Use of HeartMate 3 TM in a Failing Fontan Circulation
We report the first successful implantation of the HeartMate 3 in a 22-year-old male with a failing Fontan circulation and the possible benefits it may have in supporting this ever-growing population of young adults with single ventricles. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Giant Left Atrial Appendage Aneurysm: A Rare Entity
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Rajlakshmi Das, Lalit Kapoor, Somnath Ganguly, Arupratan Maity, Saibal RoyChowdhury, Pradeep Narayan (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Reconstruction of Small Chest Wall Defects Caused by Tubercular Abscesses Using Two Different Flaps
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Woo Ju Kim, Woo Seob Kim, Han Koo Kim, Tae Hui Bae Tubercular infection of the chest wall is rare and typically progresses to abscess formation. The treatment of these abscesses combines medical therapy with surgical debridement, which can cause defects of various sizes. We have reconstructed relatively small chest wall defects caused by tubercular abscesses using 2 different flaps: a lateral intercostal artery perforator flap and a split pectoralis major muscle flap. The use of these flap techniques may provide a novel approach...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Direct Heart Procurement Following Donation after Circulatory Death with ex situ Reperfusion
We describe a modified technique at our institution with rapid donor blood drainage using a cell saver and synchronised perfusion on the OCS. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Robotically-Assisted Transthoracic Cervical Rib Resection
We report a unique case of robotically-assisted transthoracic cervical rib resection for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. This minimally invasive technique offers delicate tissue manipulation under optimal visualization of the thoracic outlet structures. Hence, it promotes patient safety and complete surgical decompression. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

What is Floating in the Pleural Space?
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2018 Source:The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Author(s): Murat Oncel, Huseyin Yildiran, Guven Sadi Sunam (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Giant Left Atrial Appendage Aneurysm: A Rare Entity.
PMID: 29752916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 9, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Das R, Kapoor L, Ganguly S, Maity A, RoyChowdhury S, Narayan P Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research