Injecting substance use in prisons in the United States: a case for needle exchange programs
This article advocates for the implementation of needle exchange programs in the United States prison system with a focus on states. It does this by drawing attention to the effectiveness of such programs around the world and to the fact that incarceration does not necessarily reduce illicit substance use.PMID:33596124 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1872587 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth Armstrong-Mensah Damilola Dada Ruppage Rupasinghe Harrison Whately Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596131 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Philip D McCormack Scott Walfield Source Type: research

Discussion of the National Incident-Based Reporting System's (NIBRS) potential to assess and monitor cannabis incident disparities: response to Drs. McCormack and Walfield
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596135 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Samantha M Doonan Jessica R Hamilton Julie K Johnson Source Type: research

Injecting substance use in prisons in the United States: a case for needle exchange programs
This article advocates for the implementation of needle exchange programs in the United States prison system with a focus on states. It does this by drawing attention to the effectiveness of such programs around the world and to the fact that incarceration does not necessarily reduce illicit substance use.PMID:33596124 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1872587 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth Armstrong-Mensah Damilola Dada Ruppage Rupasinghe Harrison Whately Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596131 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Philip D McCormack Scott Walfield Source Type: research

Discussion of the National Incident-Based Reporting System's (NIBRS) potential to assess and monitor cannabis incident disparities: response to Drs. McCormack and Walfield
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596135 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Samantha M Doonan Jessica R Hamilton Julie K Johnson Source Type: research

Injecting substance use in prisons in the United States: a case for needle exchange programs
This article advocates for the implementation of needle exchange programs in the United States prison system with a focus on states. It does this by drawing attention to the effectiveness of such programs around the world and to the fact that incarceration does not necessarily reduce illicit substance use.PMID:33596124 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1872587 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth Armstrong-Mensah Damilola Dada Ruppage Rupasinghe Harrison Whately Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596131 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Philip D McCormack Scott Walfield Source Type: research

Discussion of the National Incident-Based Reporting System's (NIBRS) potential to assess and monitor cannabis incident disparities: response to Drs. McCormack and Walfield
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596135 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Samantha M Doonan Jessica R Hamilton Julie K Johnson Source Type: research

Injecting substance use in prisons in the United States: a case for needle exchange programs
This article advocates for the implementation of needle exchange programs in the United States prison system with a focus on states. It does this by drawing attention to the effectiveness of such programs around the world and to the fact that incarceration does not necessarily reduce illicit substance use.PMID:33596124 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1872587 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth Armstrong-Mensah Damilola Dada Ruppage Rupasinghe Harrison Whately Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596131 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Philip D McCormack Scott Walfield Source Type: research

Discussion of the National Incident-Based Reporting System's (NIBRS) potential to assess and monitor cannabis incident disparities: response to Drs. McCormack and Walfield
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596135 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Samantha M Doonan Jessica R Hamilton Julie K Johnson Source Type: research

Injecting substance use in prisons in the United States: a case for needle exchange programs
This article advocates for the implementation of needle exchange programs in the United States prison system with a focus on states. It does this by drawing attention to the effectiveness of such programs around the world and to the fact that incarceration does not necessarily reduce illicit substance use.PMID:33596124 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1872587 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth Armstrong-Mensah Damilola Dada Ruppage Rupasinghe Harrison Whately Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596131 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881530 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Philip D McCormack Scott Walfield Source Type: research

Discussion of the National Incident-Based Reporting System's (NIBRS) potential to assess and monitor cannabis incident disparities: response to Drs. McCormack and Walfield
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2021 Feb 17:1-2. doi: 10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33596135 | DOI:10.1080/00952990.2021.1881531 (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Samantha M Doonan Jessica R Hamilton Julie K Johnson Source Type: research

Injecting substance use in prisons in the United States: a case for needle exchange programs.
This article advocates for the implementation of needle exchange programs in the United States prison system with a focus on states. It does this by drawing attention to the effectiveness of such programs around the world and to the fact that incarceration does not necessarily reduce illicit substance use. PMID: 33596124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Armstrong-Mensah E, Dada D, Rupasinghe R, Whately H Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor.
PMID: 33596131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: McCormack PD, Walfield S Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Discussion of the National Incident-Based Reporting System's (NIBRS) potential to assess and monitor cannabis incident disparities: response to Drs. McCormack and Walfield.
PMID: 33596135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Doonan SM, Hamilton JR, Johnson JK Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Evaluating effects of episodic future thinking on valuation of delayed reward in cocaine use disorder: a pilot study.
Conclusion: While methods previously used to study the effect of EFT on discounting behavior in healthy individuals are also effective in individuals with CUD, methodological factors - including types of events identified - should be carefully considered in future work. These preliminary findings suggest that EFT can reduce impulsive decision-making in cocaine use disorder and may therefore have therapeutic value. PMID: 33539190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Forster SE, Steinhauer SR, Ortiz A, Forman SD Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Lack of longitudinal changes in cognition in individuals with methamphetamine use disorder during the first 6 weeks after commencing treatment.
Conclusion: We did not find evidence that MUD-related cognitive impulsivity deficits improve beyond practice effects over 6 weeks. Findings do not support previous, albeit conflicting, evidence of early recovery of cognitive deficits in MUD. PMID: 33524275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Fitzpatrick RE, Robinson AH, Rubenis AJ, Lubman DI, Verdejo-Garcia A Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Positive emotional intensity and substance use: the underlying role of positive emotional avoidance in a community sample of military veterans.
Conclusions: Results provide preliminary support for the potential clinical utility of targeting avoidance responses to positive emotions in interventions targeting alcohol and drug misuse among military veterans. PMID: 33524279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - February 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Schick MR, Weiss NH, Contractor AC, Thomas ED, Spillane NS Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 33507841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) stigma reduces symptoms of morphine-induced dependence and spontaneous withdrawal in rats.
Conclusions: Saffron extract may exert a protective effect against morphine-induced behavioral sensitization in rats, probably through increasing serotonin levels. PMID: 33497577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Kiashemshaki B, Safakhah HA, Ghanbari A, Khaleghian A, Miladi-Gorji H Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 33497581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Surveillance by oral fluid of drugs subject to misuse among individuals under arrest.
Conclusion: The feasibility of collecting oral fluid from individuals under arrest in a jail setting to measure the prevalence of drugs subject to misuse was demonstrated. PMID: 33481634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Magura S, Weller BE, Smith DR, Saxton MM, Amaratunga P Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Screening and brief intervention for substance use disorders in times of COVID-19: potential opportunities, adaptations, and challenges.
Abstract The ongoing pandemic has led to a sudden disruption of routine treatment services. Consequently, the already existing treatment gap for substance use disorders is likely to widen. There is an opportunity to expand the scope of Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI) to meet this unprecedented challenge. Its brevity, flexibility, and generalizability have positioned SBI to deal with additional systemic, structural, and attitudinal barriers that pertain to the pandemic. The standard content of SBI could be modified to adapt to the current context. SBI could also be used as a vehicle to render strategies for ...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Ghosh A, Sharma K Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 33475437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Associations between baseline opioid use disorder severity, mental health and biopsychosocial functioning, with clinical responses to computer-assisted therapy treatment.
d J Abstract Background: Increasing rates of opioid-related overdose have been identified globally. Treatment for opioid use disorders (OUD) includes medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) alongside behavioral support. Novel approaches to behavioral support should be explored, including computer-assisted therapy (CAT) programs. Objectives: Examine differences between baseline and post-treatment measures of opioid use and biopsychosocial functioning for individuals with OUD engaging with the CAT program 'Breaking Free Online,' and the extent to which participant characteristics may be associated with post-treat...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elison-Davies S, Märtens K, Yau C, Davies G, Ward J Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Opioid days' supply limits: an interrupted time-series analysis of opioid prescribing before and following a Massachusetts law.
Abstract Background: In 2016, Massachusetts passed the first-in-the-nation law limiting opioid naïve adults and all minors to a 7-day supply of opioids when prescribed in the outpatient setting. Objective: We hypothesized this policy would be associated with declines in the percent of opioid prescriptions with more than a 7-day supply among opioid naïve adults and minors for select prescriber groups. Methods: Interrupted time series analyses were conducted using measures from the Massachusetts Prescription Monitoring Program database for 2015 through 2017 (n = 13,672,325 opioid prescriptio...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Hackman HH, Young LD, Galanto D, Johnson D, Xuan Z Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Prospective interactive influence of financial strain and emotional nonacceptance on problematic alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Conclusion: Individuals experiencing financial strain in the context of COVID-19 may be at risk for problematic alcohol use if they are not accepting of their emotional distress. PMID: 33428465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Gratz KL, Scamaldo KM, Vidaña AG, Richmond JR, Tull MT Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

The relationship between duration of abstinence and gray-matter brain structure in chronic methamphetamine users.
Abstract Background: Brain structural findings in chronic methamphetamine users have been inconsistent. Identifying contributing influences (e.g., sex, abstinence duration) can help clarify the clinical course of recovery. Objectives: We studied the effects of long-term methamphetamine abstinence on gray-matter volume. Our hypothesis was that smaller volume early in abstinence would precede long-term recovery. Methods: Individuals who used methamphetamine (≥100 g lifetime use, mandated to residential treatment for methamphetamine-positive urine; 40 men, 21 women), undergoing supervised abstinence (men...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nie L, Ghahremani DG, Mandelkern MA, Dean AC, Luo W, Ren A, Li J, London ED Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Add-on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with opioid use disorder undergoing methadone maintenance therapy.
Conclusion: Add-on rTMS did not appear to improve heroin use behavior but may have benefitted depressive symptoms, impulse control and attention in OUD participants undergoing MMT. PMID: 33426970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - January 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tsai TY, Wang TY, Liu YC, Lee PW, Chang WH, Lu TH, Tseng HH, Lee SY, Chang YH, Yang Y, Chen PS, Chen KC, Yang YK, Lu RB Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Aims, development, and early results of an interdisciplinary primary care initiative to address patient vulnerabilities.
We describe the origination, goals, and evolution of VIP to provide an example of how clinics and health systems can address vulnerable patient populations within a primary care clinic framework. While ongoing evaluation will be essential to understand its impact on patient outcomes and its sustainability and scalability in the future, VIP holds promise as a novel model to improve care for patients with addiction and other vulnerabilities. PMID: 33301347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - December 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Codell N, Kelley AT, Jones AL, Dungan MT, Valentino N, Holtey AI, Knight TJ, Butz A, Gallop C, Erickson S, Patton J, Hyte-Richins LJ, Rollins BZ, Gordon AJ Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Longer time spent at home during COVID-19 pandemic is associated with binge drinking among US adults.
Conclusion: Specific COVID-19-related stressors are related to alcohol consumption. This highlights the ancillary and unintended effects of the COVID-19 pandemic which could have long-lasting population health consequences. PMID: 33280423 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - December 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Weerakoon SM, Jetelina KK, Knell G Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Risk factors for heroin use following release from jail or prison in adults in a Central Appalachian state between 2012-2017.
Conclusions: In this sample, post-release heroin use was associated with concerning features, such as polydrug use, lack of social satisfaction, and suicidal ideation. These features can serve as clear targets for clinical intervention. PMID: 33223579 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Smith KE, Archuleta A, Staton M, Winston E Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Implementing hospital-based peer recovery support services for substance use disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: This study describes peer recovery support services for substance use disorder delivered in emergency departments and inpatient settings. Evidence of improved patient outcomes is needed prior to widespread adoption. PMID: 33216634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Liebling EJ, Perez JJS, Litterer MM, Greene C Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Transcranial magnetic stimulation and neuroimaging for cocaine use disorder: Review and future directions.
Conclusion: The literature combining TMS with neuroimaging is small and heterogeneous. We propose that combining TMS with neuroimaging will accelerate our understanding of substance use disorder neurobiology and treatment. Once network biomarkers of substance use have been identified, TMS can be used to manipulate the dysfunctional circuits in order to identify a causal relationship between connectivity and psychopathology. PMID: 33216666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Shen Y, Ward HB Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences are associated with at-risk drinking, cannabis and illicit drug use in females but not males: an Emergency Department study.
CONCLUSION: ACEs are associated with greater odds of substance use among female than male ED patients. The prevalence of ACE exposure in this urban ED sample underscores the importance of ED staff providing trauma-informed care. PMID: 33186088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Cunradi CB, Caetano R, Alter HJ, Ponicki WR Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Ketamine-facilitated behavioral treatment for cannabis use disorder: A proof of concept study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that combining ketamine with behavioral therapy is feasible,tolerable, and potentially helpful, in treating cannabis-dependent individuals. PMID: 33175580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Azhari N, Hu H, O'Malley KY, Blocker ME, Levin FR, Dakwar E Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Age-varying trends in alcohol and cannabis co-occurring use: Implications for prescription drug misuse.
Conclusion: Co-occurring use was linked with heightened risk for PDM compared to individuals who used only one substance; co-occurring use may be important to target for PDM prevention. Identifying factors underlying study associations, beyond pain, and how these factors evolve with age are important avenues for prevention work. PMID: 33175597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Linden-Carmichael AN, Allen HK, Masters LD, Ansell EB, Lanza ST Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Alcohol messages disseminated to pregnant women by midwives.
CONCLUSION: Concerted efforts are needed to ensure information disseminated aligns with health guidelines and encourages abstinence during pregnancy. PMID: 33175601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Olusanya OA, Olokunlade T, Rossheim ME, Greene K, Barry AE Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

BDNF levels and liver stiffness in subjects with alcohol use disorder: Evaluation after alcohol withdrawal.
Conclusion: In AUD, BDNF levels were associated with measured LS when divided into fibrosis risk categories. Changes in LS and BDNF levels after alcohol withdrawal may be related to changes in homeostatic mechanisms, in addition to those of liver status. PMID: 33176105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Girard M, Carrier P, Loustaud-Ratti V, Nubukpo P Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Social network theory-an underutilized opportunity to align innovative methods with the demands of the opioid epidemic.
Abstract It has been almost 3 years since the opioid epidemic was declared a national public health emergency under federal law. Solutions have focused on supply-reduction strategies. These approaches, however, have failed to significantly curtail opioid overdose and related death. Demand for opioid use arising from social networks and environment is an important contributing factor to the current opioid epidemic. Adoption of existing underused methods is needed to drive further progress. This Perspective proposes the social contagion model as a promising framework through which to operationalize evaluation of the...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Cutter CM, Larson RC, Abir M Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Factors associated with the absence of cocaine craving in treatment-seeking individuals during inpatient cocaine detoxification.
CONCLUSIONS: One in three patients undergoing inpatient detoxification experienced absence of craving, linked to less pretreatment cocaine use, better mood, and decreased administration of antipsychotics. Findings may inform pretreatment strategies and improve treatment cost-effectiveness. PMID: 33164558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - November 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Pérez de Los Cobos J, Alcaraz S, Verdejo-García A, Muñoz L, Siñol N, Fernández-Serrano MJ, Fernández P, Martínez A, Duran-Sindreu S, Batlle F, Trujols J Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Plasma pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines may relate to cocaine use, cognitive functioning, and depressive symptoms in cocaine use disorder.
CONCLUSION: Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines may relate to cocaine use, cognition, and depression, but inconsistent with our hypotheses, higher pro-inflammatory cytokines related to better functioning in several domains. Additionally, cytokines were selected at low frequencies and demonstrated weak relationships with outcomes. These preliminary findings suggest complex relationships between inflammation and cocaine use. PMID: 33119414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - October 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Stamatovich SN, Lopez-Gamundi P, Suchting R, Colpo GD, Walss-Bass C, Lane SD, Schmitz JM, Wardle MC Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Treatment for opioid use disorder in the Florida medicaid population: Using a cascade of care model to evaluate quality.
Conclusions: Initiating medication after OUD diagnosis offers the greatest opportunity for intervention to reduce overdose deaths, though efforts to increase retention are also warranted. Analyzing claims data with CoC identifies system functioning for specific populations, and suggests policies and clinical pathways to target for improvement. PMID: 33054435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - October 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Johnson K, Hills H, Ma J, Brown CH, McGovern M Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

E-cigarette use perceptions that differentiate e-cigarette susceptibility and use among high school students.
Abstract BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use among adolescents is increasingly popular and a growing public health concern. OBJECTIVES: To examine how individual e-cigarette use perceptions differ between adolescents based on e-cigarette use status and susceptibility to future use of e-cigarettes. METHODS: Data were collected using surveys administered across eight Connecticut high schools (grades 9-12), Spring 2015. N = 2592 students (Mage = 16.01, SD = 1.28, Female = 51.7%) reported e-cigarette use and susceptibility and were categorized into non-susceptible never-users (57.8...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - October 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Burnley A, Bold KW, Kong G, Wu R, Krishnan-Sarin S Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 33048601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse)
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - October 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Variability in antemortem and postmortem blood alcohol concentration levels among fatally injured adults.
Abstract Background: Excessive alcohol use is a risk factor for injury-related deaths. Postmortem blood samples are commonly used to approximate antemortem blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels. Objectives: To assess differences between antemortem and postmortem BACs among fatally injured adults admitted to one shock trauma center (STC). Method: Fifty-two adult decedents (45 male, 7 female) admitted to a STC in Baltimore, Maryland during 2006-2016 were included. STC records were matched with records from Maryland's Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME). The antemortem and postmortem BAC distributions were...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Greene N, Esser MB, Vesselinov R, Auman KM, Kerns TJ, Lauerman MH Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research

Impact of cannabis on non-medical opioid use and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder: a nationwide longitudinal VA study.
This study sought to investigate the relationship between cannabis use, non-medical opioid use, and PTSD symptoms among U.S. veterans. METHODS: From 1992-2011, veterans admitted to specialized intensive PTSD treatment participated in a national evaluation with assessments at intake and four months after discharge. Participants with non-medical opioid use ≥ 7 days during the 30 days preceding admission were divided into two groups: those with cannabis use ≥ 7 days, and those without cannabis use. These two groups were compared on measures of substance use and PTSD symptoms at baseline and 4-months ...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: De Aquino JP, Sofuoglu M, Stefanovics EA, Rosenheck RA Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research