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A systematic review of massive transfusion protocol in obstetrics
Post-partum obstetric haemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality among Japanese women, generally treated with haemostatic measures followed by supplementary transfusion. Commonly used in the setting of severe trauma, massive transfusion protocols (MTPs), preparations of red blood cell concentrate (RBC) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) with additional supplements, have proved effective in decreasing patient mortality following major obstetric bleeding events. Although promising, the optimal configuration of RBC and FFP utilized for obstetric bleeding needs to be verified. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hiroaki Tanaka, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Tomoyuki Yamashita, Toshiyuki Okutomi, Atsushi Sakurai, Akihiko Sekizawa, Junichi Hasegawa, Katsuo Terui, Yasutaka Miyake, Jun Murotsuki, Tomoaki Ikeda Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Laboratory and clinical significance of macroprolactinemia in women with hyperprolactinemia
The role of macroprolactinemia in women with hyperprolactinemia is currently controversial and can lead to clinical dilemmas, depending upon the origin of macroprolactin, the presence of hyperprolactinemic symptoms and monomeric prolactin (PRL) levels. Macroprolactinemia is mostly considered an extrapituitary phenomenon of mild and asymptomatic hyperprolactinemia associated with normal concentrations of monomeric PRL and a predominance of macroprolactin confined to the vascular system, which is biologically inactive. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Miro Kasum, Slavko Ore šković, Ermin Čehić, Martina Šunj, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effect of hyoscine butyl-bromide on the duration of active phase of labor: A randomized-controlled trial
Hyoscine butyl bromide (HBB) is known for its antispasmodic action and has been in use for over five decades, there is however no consensus on its effectiveness in the labor process. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of HBB on the duration of the active phase of labor. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: John Osaigbovoh Imaralu, Oluwafemi Kuti, Olusegun Olalekan Badejoko, Olabisi Morebise Loto, Atinuke Olaleye Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome: A 13-year retrospective study
The aim of this study is to summarize the experience on prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ana Vi čić, Tomislav Hafner, Ivanka Bekavac Vlatković, Petra Korać, Dubravko Habek, Feodora Stipoljev Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A comparison of mean corpuscular volume (MCV) between thalassemia-carrier and non-thalassemia-carrier pregnant women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
This study aimed to compare MCV between thalassemia-carrier and non-thalassemia-carrier antiretroviral drug-na ïve, HIV-infected, pregnant women receiving HAART. The results will support the couples at risk identification in prenatal control of severe thalassemia disease. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yada Thongyou, Fuanglada Tongprasert Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Radiofrequency ablation for selective reduction in complex monochorionic multiple pregnancies: A case series
To determine the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for selective fetal reduction in complex monochorionic multiple pregnancies. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hong-Mei Wang, Hong-Yan Li, Xie-Tong Wang, Yan-Yun Wang, Lei Li, Bo Liang, Jing Wang, Jia Song Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The comparison of umbilical cord arterial blood lactate and pH values for predicting short-term neonatal outcomes
This study is to assess and compare umbilical cord arterial lactate and pH values for predicting short-term neonatal outcomes. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ruta Einikyte, Vilija Snieckuviene, Diana Ramasauskaite, Jurate Panaviene, Virginija Paliulyte, Gina Opolskiene, Edita Kazenaite Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Estrogen receptor and laminin genetic polymorphism among women with pelvic organ prolapse
Laminin is a connective tissue component. The LAMC1 gene encodes for gamma-1 chain of laminin, which is associated with familial clustering of POP. The ER α gene which encodes for cellular estrogen receptor has also been associated with POP. The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible correlation between polymorphism in these genes and the risk for developing POP. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Bothaina Nakad, Fuad Fares, Naiel Azzam, Benjamin Feiner, Ariel Zilberlicht, Yoram Abramov Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictors of failure of the commonly used single-dose methotrexate protocol for treating tubal ectopic pregnancies
This study identified patients who would benefit from an earlier additional medical intervention and/or continuing close surveillance even if commonly used parameters indicated sufficient medical treatment to determine markers of treatment failure. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Evren Akmut, Erdal Kaya, Aysu Akca, Ozgur Akbay ır Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Etiology and management of primary amenorrhoea: A study of 102 cases at tertiary centre
Synopsis: Mullerian anomaly is the commonest cause of primary amenorrhoea followed by gonadal dysgenesis in Asian Indian subjects. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alka Kriplani, Manu Goyal, Garima Kachhawa, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pueraria mirifica inhibits 17 β-estradiol-induced cell proliferation of human endometrial mesenchymal stem cells
The notion that the human endometrium may contain a population of stem cells has recently been proposed. The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the endometrium are believed to be responsible for the remarkable regenerative ability of endometrial cells. Estrogens influence the physiological and pathological processes of several hormone-dependent tissues, such as the endometrium. Pueraria mirifica (PM) is a herbal plant that contains several phytoestrogens, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestans, and is known to exert an estrogenic effect on animal models. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ta-Chin Lin, Kai-Hung Wang, An-Pei Kao, Kuo-Hsiang Chuang, Tsung-Cheng Kuo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Human amniotic fluid stem cells have better potential in early second trimester of pregnancy and can be reprogramed to iPS
To study the difference of amniotic fluid stem cell potential at different gestational age. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: S.W. Steven Shaw, Po-Jen Cheng, Yao-Lung Chang, An-Shine Chao, Tzu-Hao Wang, Shuenn-Dyh Chang, T'sang-T'ang Hsieh, Kuo-Hsuan Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Does the “freeze-all” policy allow for a better outcome in assisted reproductive techniques than the use of fresh embryo transfers? – A retrospective study on cumulative live birth rates
There are increasing concerns regarding the adverse effects associated with control ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in both endometrial and uterine environments. With the “segmentation treatment policy” of assisted reproductive techniques (ART), endometrial problems may be obviated through embryo cryopreservation. However, it remains unclear if the “freeze-all policy” offers a better outcome when compared with fresh embryo transfer (ET). To clarify this, we c ompared the cumulative live birth rates (CLBRs) between these two patient populations. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jui-Chun Chang, Ming-Jer Chen, Hwa-Fen Guu, Ya-Fang Chen, Yu-Chiao Yi, Hsiao-Fan Kung, Li-Yu Chen, Min-Min Chou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Learning curve in concurrent application of laparoscopic and robotic-assisted hysterectomy with lymphadenectomy in endometrial  cancer
To evaluate the concurrent interaction of laparoscopic and robotic-assisted surgery in the initial learning period of endometrial cancer staging. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Pao-Ling Torng, Song-Po Pan, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Ho-Jun Shih, Chi-Ling Chen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Relationship between fetal heart rate patterns and a time course for evaluation of fetal well-being: “the 30 minutes rule” for decision of mechanical delivery
To predict acidosis in fetus showing deceleration associated with non-reassuring fetal status during delivery, we examined the relationship between duration of the deceleration and umbilical arterial pH. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shintaro Makino, Chihiro Hirai, Jun Takeda, Atsuo Itakura, Satoru Takeda Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Single incision anterior apical mesh and sacrospinous ligament fixation in pelvic prolapse surgery at 36 months follow-up
To compare the clinical efficacy, recurrence, complications and quality of life changes 3 years after Elevate-A/single incision mesh surgery anterior apical (SIM A) and sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) in the management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Tsia-Shu Lo, Ahlam Mahmoud Al-Kharabsheh, Yiap Loong Tan, Leng Boi Pue, Wu-Chiao Hsieh, Ma. Clarissa Uy-Patrimonio Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Maternal serum placental growth factor combined with second trimester aneuploidy screening to predict small-for-gestation neonates without preeclampsia
To investigate the role of maternal serum placenta growth factor (PlGF) and quadruple test parameters in predicting the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) infants of mothers without preeclampsia. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Su Mi Kim, Hang Goo Yun, Ra Yon Kim, Yoo Hyun Chung, Ju Young Cheon, Jeong Ha Wie, Ji Young Kwon, Hyun Sun Ko, Yeon Hee Kim, Eun Hee Han, Joon Hong Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Myung Shin Kim, Jong Chul Shin, In Yang Park Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of growth hormone plus gonadotropins on controlled ovarian stimulation in infertile women of advanced age, poor responders, and previous in  vitro fertilization failure patients
To investigate the effects of growth hormone (GH) cotreatment in ovarian stimulation in infertile women of advanced age, poor responders, and patients with one or more previous IVF treatment failures. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yao-Kai Ho, Tsung-Hsien Lee, Chun-I. Lee, En-Hui Cheng, Chun-Chia Huang, Lii-Shung Huang, Maw-Sheng Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A community-based epidemiological survey of overactive bladder and voiding dysfunction in female Taiwanese residents aged 40 years and above
This is part of a three-year study designed to evaluate the natural history of lower urinary tract symptoms in local community residents aged 40 years and above in central Taiwan. We evaluated the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in female residents using validated questionnaires. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Soo-Cheen Ng, Suh-Woan Hu, Gin-Den Chen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of non-ablative laser treatment on overactive bladder symptoms, urinary incontinence and sexual function in women with urodynamic stress incontinence
To investigate the effects of non-ablative laser treatment on overactive bladder (OAB) syndromes, stress urinary incontinence and sexual function in women with urodynamic stress incontinence (USI). (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yi-Hao Lin, Wu-Chiao Hsieh, Lulu Huang, Ching-Chung Liang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of a 1.6-Mb 4p16.3 interstitial microdeletion encompassing FGFRL1 and TACC3 associated with bilateral cleft lip and palate of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome facial dysmorphism and short long bones
We present prenatal diagnosis of a 4p16.3 interstitial microdeletion associated with bilateral cleft lip and palate and short long bones on prenatal ultrasound, and we discuss the genotype –phenotype correlation. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Chen-Yu Chen, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Chien-Wen Yang, Li-Feng Chen, Wayseen Wang Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Uses of FloSeal © in obstetric hemorrhage: Case series and literature review
FloSeal © has been shown to be an alternative and effective method of hemostasis. The current study examines the various uses of FloSeal© in obstetric hemorrhage and gives an overview of the literature. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jacqueline Pui-Wah Chung, Tak-Yeung Leung Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Fertility outcomes following pelvic embolization in women with acquired uterine arteriovenous malformation
Acquired uterine arteriovenous malformation (UAVM) is a rare, life-threatening disease. Angiography with uterine arterial embolization (UAE) is the diagnostic tool and a choice of fertility-sparing treatment. Here, we present a series of five successful pregnancies after embolization of UAVM. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Cheng-Yu Ho, Kok-Min Seow, Lee-Wen Huang, Yieh-Loong Tsai Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of low-level mosaicism for tetrasomy 18p at amniocentesis in a pregnancy with a favorable outcome
We present prenatal diagnosis of low-level mosaicism for tetrasomy 18p at amniocentesis in a pregnancy with a favorable outcome. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Tsang-Ming Ko, Yi-Yung Chen, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Chien-Wen Yang, Chen-Wen Pan, Wayseen Wang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of low-level mosaicism for trisomy 13 at amniocentesis associated with a favorable outcome
We present prenatal diagnosis of low-level mosaicism for trisomy 13 at amniocentesis associated with a favorable outcome. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Chien-Wen Yang, Chen-Chi Lee, Wayseen Wang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of an 8q22.2-q23.3 deletion associated with bilateral cleft lip and palate and intrauterine growth restriction on fetal ultrasound
We present prenatal diagnosis of an interstitial 8q22.2-q23.3 deletion associated with bilateral cleft lip and palate and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on fetal ultrasound. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Tung-Yao Chang, Fang-Yu Hung, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Chen-Chi Lee, Wayseen Wang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of an interstitial deletion of 18q12.1-q12.3 encompassing DTNA, CELF4 and SETBP1
We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of an interstitial deletion of 18q12.1-q12.3. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Chien-Wen Yang, Chen-Chi Lee, Wayseen Wang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Teriparatide and denosumab treatment for pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis with multiple vertebral fractures: A case study
Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLO) is a rare disease, which can lead to vertebral fractures in women of reproductive age. No treatment strategy for PLO has been established. Here we report a case of PLO treated with teriparatide followed by denosumab, in which remarkable improvement in bone mineral density (BMD) was achieved. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Akifumi Ijuin, Hiromi Yoshikata, Ryoko Asano, Taku Tsuburai, Ritsuko Kikuchi, Hideya Sakakibara Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Treatment of fetal congenital chylothorax: Report of eight cases at a mainland Chinese medical center
Congenital chylothorax, defined as the accumulation of chyle in the pleural space, occurs after disruption of the thoracic duct. Although a rare neonatal disorder, it is the most common cause of pleural effusion in fetuses and newborns. The incidence of congenital chylothorax is reported as 1 in 2000 NICU admissions [1]. Chylothorax produces detrimental respiratory, nutritional, and immunological consequences. Mortality rates range from 20% to 60% depending upon associated findings, gestational age, and the duration and severity of the chylothorax [2]. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yan-Fen Peng, Wei Zhong, Qiu-Ming He, Zhe Wang, Jia-Kang Yu, Guang-Lan Zhang, Dong-Zhi Li Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Asymptomatic uterine rupture detected at cesarean section: Some different viewpoints
I commend Soyama et  al. [1] for clearly demonstrating “asymptomatic” uterine rupture. Classical cesarean section (CS), followed by uterine artery embolization (UAE), was initially performed. A repeat CS at the patient's next pregnancy/delivery revealed “asymptomatic” uterine rupture around the fundus. The aut hors discussed the association between UAE and this rupture; this viewpoint is important. I wish to discuss this case from some different viewpoints, focusing to this rupture being asymptomatic. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shigeki Matsubara Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Response to Correspondence “Asymptomatic uterine rupture detected at cesarean section: Some different viewpoints”
We appreciate the opportunity to address the comments and concerns raised by Dr. Matsubara about our previous report [1]. We agree with his comments and would like to reply to his questions. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hiroaki Soyama, Morikazu Miyamoto, Hidenori Sasa, Hiroki Ishibashi, Masashi Takano, Kenichi Furuya Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Identification of a c.544C > T mutation in WDR34 as a deleterious recessive allele of short rib-polydactyly syndrome
In this study, SNP chip and WES were used to identify a mutated location in WDR34 in a baby born to consanguineous parents. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shu-Han You, Yun-Shien Lee, Chueh-Pai Lee, Chih-Peng Lin, Chiao-Yun Lin, Chia-Lung Tsai, Yao-Lung Chang, Po-Jen Cheng, Tzu-Hao Wang, Shuenn-Dyh Chang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Instructions to Authors
(Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Fetoplacental cytogenetic discrepancy in a pregnancy with fetal mosaic tetrasomy 12p and Pallister –Killian syndrome detected by amniocentesis
We present fetoplacental cytogenetic discrepancy in a pregnancy with prenatally detected mosaic tetrasomy 12p by amniocentesis. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Liang-Kai Wang, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Li-Feng Chen, Wayseen Wang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Outstanding female cancer research paper awards of the 2016 Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Hsu Chien-Tien Cancer Foundation
In this October issue of the journal, we are glad to introduce the winners of the 2016 Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Hsu Chien-Tien Cancer Foundation Outstanding Female Cancer Research Paper Awards. The awards were selected from among research papers addressing female cancers and being published in 2016, and the first author should be a member of the Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology (TAOG). The 2016 Golden Award winner is Dr. Sung, for her excellent research paper entitled “Periostin in tumor microenvironment is associated with poor prognosis and platinum resistance in epithelial ...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Do pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria need treatment?
The April issue of the Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology has published a very interesting article entitled “Asymptomatic pyuria in pregnant women during the first trimester is associated with an increased risk of adverse obstetrical outcomes” [1]. Lai and colleagues evaluated the outcomes of 1187 singleton pregnant women who were diagnosed with (n = 253) and without (n = 934) pyuria in the first trimester prenatal visit and found that women with pyuria had a significantly increased risk of preterm labor (defined by delivery before 36 gestational weeks) with odds ratio [OR] of 2....
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Wen-Hsun Chang, Chang-Chin Yeh, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Zika virus: An emerging challenge for obstetrics and gynecology
Microcephaly is a rare birth defect, however, the re-emerging mosquito and sexual transmitted flavivirus, Zika virus (ZIKV), had changed the situation and caused an urgent challenge for the obstetrics and gynecology. This review will brief summarize the epidemiology and virology of ZIKV. And compared the animal models that had developed for the ZIKV infections. These animal models will be benefit for the development of vaccines and anti-ZIKV drugs. Furthermore, the genes that are involved in the causation of microcephaly were also summarized. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jhe-Jhih Lin, Ting-Yu Chin, Chih-Ping Chen, Hong-Lin Chan, Tzong-Yuan Wu Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Preeclampsia: A review of the pathogenesis and possible management  strategies based on its pathophysiological derangements
This review is divided into three parts. The first part briefly describes the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. This is followed by reviewing previously reported management strategies of the disease based on its pathophysiological derangements. Finally, the author defines the safe and acceptable methods/medications that may be used to ‘prevent’ preeclampsia (in high risk patients) and those that may be used to ‘treat’ preeclampsia (meant to prolong the pregnancy in patients with established preeclampsia). (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Amel A.F. El-Sayed Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Amniopatch treatment for preterm premature rupture of membranes before 23 weeks' gestation and factors associated with its success
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors associated with successful amniopatch treatment in patients with iatrogenic preterm premature rupture of membranes (iPPROM) or spontaneous PPROM (sPPROM) before 23 weeks' gestation. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ji-Hee Sung, Jin-Yi Kuk, Hyun-Hwa Cha, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Perineal length among Vietnamese women
Vietnamese clinicians routinely perform episiotomies in the belief that 3rd –4th degree tears may be prevented, based partly on the view that Vietnamese women have a short perineal length that puts them at increased risk of tears. However, there is no evidence to suggest Vietnamese women have a short perineum compared with other populations. We aimed to determine the mean perineal length among Vietnamese women in early labor and in the second stage, and to compare this to findings from similar studies in other populations. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anh T. Trinh, Tanya A. Nippita, Trang N. Dien, Jonathan M. Morris, Christine L. Roberts Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acceptance towards giving birth to a child with beta-thalassemia major – A prospective study
To explore the acceptance of pregnant Chinese women on giving birth to a child with beta-thalassemia major. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yiu Man Chan, Oi Ka Chan, Yvonne Kwun Yue Cheng, Tak Yeung Leung, Terence Tzu Hsi Lao, Daljit Singh Sahota Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of umbilical cord cyst: Clinical significance and prognosis
Clarify the prognosis of the prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of umbilical cord cysts at any gestation trimester and to assess the ultrasound findings and chromosomal alterations associated to this entity. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Leyre Ruiz Campo, Ricardo Savir ón Cornudella, Francisco Gámez Alderete, Cristina Martínez-Payo, Pilar Pérez Pérez, Pilar Garrido Fernández, Diego Lerma Puertas Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pathological discrepancy between colposcopic directed cervical biopsy and Loop Electrosurgical-Excision Procedures (LEEPs) in patients with biopsies proven high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
To determine the prevalence of patients with CIN1 or less from LEEP specimens in patients with colposcopic biopsy proven CIN2 or 3. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sitchuphong Noothong, Perapong Inthasorn, Malee Warnnissorn Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Long-term outcome of pregnancy complicating with severe aplastic anemia under supportive care
Pregnancy associated with aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare and heterogeneous disorder. We aimed to identify and evaluate the maternal and pregnant outcomes of pregnancy-associated severe AA treated with supportive care. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kuan-Ju Chen, Yao-Lung Chang, Horng Chang, Shen-Yuan Su, Hsiu-Huei Peng, Shuenn-Dyh Chang, An-Shine Chao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Temporal availability of obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Taiwan: A nationwide survey
Obstetrician –gynecologists are the main providers of women's healthcare. However, workforce shortages and excessive workloads among these providers have been encountered in many countries. While most past studies on this subject have investigated the spatial distribution of obstetrics–gynecology clinics, f ew have focused on their temporal availability, especially on the national level. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Wei-Ting Chang, Hsin-I Leu, Huang-Pin Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ductus venosus Doppler and the postnatal outcomes of growth restricted fetuses with absent end-diastolic blood flow in the umbilical arteries
We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of growth-restricted fetuses with absent end-diastolic velocity in the umbilical arteries (UA-AEDV), and investigate the relationship between Doppler flow velocity waveforms in the ductus venosus (DV) and the clinical features. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Nobuhiro Hidaka, Yuka Sato, Saki Kido, Yasuyuki Fujita, Kiyoko Kato Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The impact of prenatal group B streptococcus screening as a national health policy in Taiwan
There was no national data on group B streptococcus (GBS) infections in Taiwan. Until 2012, when prenatal GBS screening was introduced to obstetric practices as a national health policy aimed at reducing neonatal GBS infections. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of this national health policy on the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS infection rate. Relatedly, the clinical characteristics of neonatal GBS infection were investigated to determine the correlations between the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and the neonatal GBS infection rate. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Fung-Wei Chang, Chun-I Lee, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Her-Young Su, Yung-Liang Liu, Cheng-Yu Chen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of miR-146a rs2910164 and miR-222 rs2858060 polymorphisms with the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome in Iranian women: A case –control study
Today, many single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNA genes are known to alter the microRNA expression levels or processing causing susceptibility of several human diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the association of microRNA-146a (rs2910164) and microRNA-222 (rs2858060) polymorphisms with susceptibility to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in an Iranian population. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Amir Hossein Hosseini, Leila Kohan, Azita Aledavood, Sara Rostami Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of resveratrol on full – Thickness uterine wound healing in rats
In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resveratrol (3,5,4 ′-o-trihydroxystilbene) on the wound healing process of the uterus in rats treated with resveratrol following full thickness injury of the uterus. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Oya Sayin, Serap Cilaker Micili, Asli Goker, Gonca Kamaci, Bekir Ugur Ergur, Osman Yilmaz, Gul Guner Akdogan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A genome-wide comparison of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human placenta and umbilical cord
In this study, we compared the genome-wide expression data of umbilical cord and placenta derived hMSCs to identify specific differential expression genes (DEGs) and corresponding functions. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sen-Wen Teng, Yu-Shu Lo, Wei-Ting Liu, Yogi Hsuan, Willie Lin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research