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Outstanding female cancer research paper awards of the 2016 Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Hsu Chien-Tien Cancer Foundation
In this October issue of the journal, we are glad to introduce the winners of the 2016 Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Hsu Chien-Tien Cancer Foundation Outstanding Female Cancer Research Paper Awards. The awards were selected from among research papers addressing female cancers and being published in 2016, and the first author should be a member of the Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology (TAOG). The 2016 Golden Award winner is Dr. Sung, for her excellent research paper entitled “Periostin in tumor microenvironment is associated with poor prognosis and platinum resistance in epithelial ...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Do pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria need treatment?
The April issue of the Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology has published a very interesting article entitled “Asymptomatic pyuria in pregnant women during the first trimester is associated with an increased risk of adverse obstetrical outcomes” [1]. Lai and colleagues evaluated the outcomes of 1187 singleton pregnant women who were diagnosed with (n = 253) and without (n = 934) pyuria in the first trimester prenatal visit and found that women with pyuria had a significantly increased risk of preterm labor (defined by delivery before 36 gestational weeks) with odds ratio [OR] of 2....
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Wen-Hsun Chang, Chang-Chin Yeh, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Zika virus: An emerging challenge for obstetrics and gynecology
Microcephaly is a rare birth defect, however, the re-emerging mosquito and sexual transmitted flavivirus, Zika virus (ZIKV), had changed the situation and caused an urgent challenge for the obstetrics and gynecology. This review will brief summarize the epidemiology and virology of ZIKV. And compared the animal models that had developed for the ZIKV infections. These animal models will be benefit for the development of vaccines and anti-ZIKV drugs. Furthermore, the genes that are involved in the causation of microcephaly were also summarized. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jhe-Jhih Lin, Ting-Yu Chin, Chih-Ping Chen, Hong-Lin Chan, Tzong-Yuan Wu Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Preeclampsia: A review of the pathogenesis and possible management  strategies based on its pathophysiological derangements
This review is divided into three parts. The first part briefly describes the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. This is followed by reviewing previously reported management strategies of the disease based on its pathophysiological derangements. Finally, the author defines the safe and acceptable methods/medications that may be used to ‘prevent’ preeclampsia (in high risk patients) and those that may be used to ‘treat’ preeclampsia (meant to prolong the pregnancy in patients with established preeclampsia). (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Amel A.F. El-Sayed Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Amniopatch treatment for preterm premature rupture of membranes before 23 weeks' gestation and factors associated with its success
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors associated with successful amniopatch treatment in patients with iatrogenic preterm premature rupture of membranes (iPPROM) or spontaneous PPROM (sPPROM) before 23 weeks' gestation. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ji-Hee Sung, Jin-Yi Kuk, Hyun-Hwa Cha, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Perineal length among Vietnamese women
Vietnamese clinicians routinely perform episiotomies in the belief that 3rd –4th degree tears may be prevented, based partly on the view that Vietnamese women have a short perineal length that puts them at increased risk of tears. However, there is no evidence to suggest Vietnamese women have a short perineum compared with other populations. We aimed to determine the mean perineal length among Vietnamese women in early labor and in the second stage, and to compare this to findings from similar studies in other populations. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anh T. Trinh, Tanya A. Nippita, Trang N. Dien, Jonathan M. Morris, Christine L. Roberts Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acceptance towards giving birth to a child with beta-thalassemia major – A prospective study
To explore the acceptance of pregnant Chinese women on giving birth to a child with beta-thalassemia major. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yiu Man Chan, Oi Ka Chan, Yvonne Kwun Yue Cheng, Tak Yeung Leung, Terence Tzu Hsi Lao, Daljit Singh Sahota Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of umbilical cord cyst: Clinical significance and prognosis
Clarify the prognosis of the prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of umbilical cord cysts at any gestation trimester and to assess the ultrasound findings and chromosomal alterations associated to this entity. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Leyre Ruiz Campo, Ricardo Savir ón Cornudella, Francisco Gámez Alderete, Cristina Martínez-Payo, Pilar Pérez Pérez, Pilar Garrido Fernández, Diego Lerma Puertas Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pathological discrepancy between colposcopic directed cervical biopsy and Loop Electrosurgical-Excision Procedures (LEEPs) in patients with biopsies proven high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
To determine the prevalence of patients with CIN1 or less from LEEP specimens in patients with colposcopic biopsy proven CIN2 or 3. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sitchuphong Noothong, Perapong Inthasorn, Malee Warnnissorn Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Long-term outcome of pregnancy complicating with severe aplastic anemia under supportive care
Pregnancy associated with aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare and heterogeneous disorder. We aimed to identify and evaluate the maternal and pregnant outcomes of pregnancy-associated severe AA treated with supportive care. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kuan-Ju Chen, Yao-Lung Chang, Horng Chang, Shen-Yuan Su, Hsiu-Huei Peng, Shuenn-Dyh Chang, An-Shine Chao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Temporal availability of obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Taiwan: A nationwide survey
Obstetrician –gynecologists are the main providers of women's healthcare. However, workforce shortages and excessive workloads among these providers have been encountered in many countries. While most past studies on this subject have investigated the spatial distribution of obstetrics–gynecology clinics, f ew have focused on their temporal availability, especially on the national level. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Wei-Ting Chang, Hsin-I Leu, Huang-Pin Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ductus venosus Doppler and the postnatal outcomes of growth restricted fetuses with absent end-diastolic blood flow in the umbilical arteries
We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of growth-restricted fetuses with absent end-diastolic velocity in the umbilical arteries (UA-AEDV), and investigate the relationship between Doppler flow velocity waveforms in the ductus venosus (DV) and the clinical features. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Nobuhiro Hidaka, Yuka Sato, Saki Kido, Yasuyuki Fujita, Kiyoko Kato Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The impact of prenatal group B streptococcus screening as a national health policy in Taiwan
There was no national data on group B streptococcus (GBS) infections in Taiwan. Until 2012, when prenatal GBS screening was introduced to obstetric practices as a national health policy aimed at reducing neonatal GBS infections. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of this national health policy on the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS infection rate. Relatedly, the clinical characteristics of neonatal GBS infection were investigated to determine the correlations between the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and the neonatal GBS infection rate. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Fung-Wei Chang, Chun-I Lee, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Her-Young Su, Yung-Liang Liu, Cheng-Yu Chen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of miR-146a rs2910164 and miR-222 rs2858060 polymorphisms with the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome in Iranian women: A case –control study
Today, many single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNA genes are known to alter the microRNA expression levels or processing causing susceptibility of several human diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the association of microRNA-146a (rs2910164) and microRNA-222 (rs2858060) polymorphisms with susceptibility to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in an Iranian population. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Amir Hossein Hosseini, Leila Kohan, Azita Aledavood, Sara Rostami Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of resveratrol on full – Thickness uterine wound healing in rats
In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resveratrol (3,5,4 ′-o-trihydroxystilbene) on the wound healing process of the uterus in rats treated with resveratrol following full thickness injury of the uterus. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Oya Sayin, Serap Cilaker Micili, Asli Goker, Gonca Kamaci, Bekir Ugur Ergur, Osman Yilmaz, Gul Guner Akdogan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A genome-wide comparison of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human placenta and umbilical cord
In this study, we compared the genome-wide expression data of umbilical cord and placenta derived hMSCs to identify specific differential expression genes (DEGs) and corresponding functions. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sen-Wen Teng, Yu-Shu Lo, Wei-Ting Liu, Yogi Hsuan, Willie Lin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) treatment improves pregnancy rate and implantation rate in patients with implantation failure
Although major advances have greatly improved the outcomes of assisted reproductive technology in the last two cascades, there remains significant difficulty in achieving pregnancy for many patients even after repeated attempts of IVF. Interestingly, recent studies have shown that transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) can improve the reproductive outcomes of select IVF patients. To determine the utility of TEAS in improving IVF outcomes in patients with a history of implantation failure, we conducted a retrospective study of clinical outcomes of women, who had a prior history of unsuccessful pregnancy outco...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ya-Chiung Hsu, I-Ting Liang, Shang-Yu Huang, Hsin-Shih Wang, Yung-Kuei Soong, Chia-Lin Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of isochromosome 20q in a fetus with vertebral anomaly and rocker-bottom feet
We describe a new prenatal case of i(20q) with fetal malformations. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Aline Receveur, Sophie Brisset, Jelena Martinovic, Anne Bazin, Laurence Lhomann, Claire Colmant, Dominique Pineau, Val érie Gautier, Lucie Tosca, Gérard Tachdjian Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Monozygotic twins discordant for trisomy 21: Discussion of etiological events involved
To elucidate the etiologies of discordant trisomy 21 in monozygotic twin pregnancy. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yao-Lung Chang, Wu-Pei Yi, An-Shine Chao, Kuan-Ju Chen, Po-Jen Cheng, Tzu-Hao Wang, Shuenn-Dyh Chang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis for X-linked disease by maternal plasma sequencing in a family of Hemophilia B
To apply a Hidden Markov Model to test Hemophilia B in a fetus by maternal plasma sequencing only employing proband and maternal haplotypes. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ping Hu, Fengchang Qiao, Yuan Yuan, Ruihong Sun, Yan Wang, Lulu Meng, Ying Lin, Hang Li, Yaoshen Wang, Rui Han, Dong Liang, Dingyuan Ma, Tao Jiang, Hui Jiang, Zhengfeng Xu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Repeated pregnancy with concomitant presence of ovarian teratoma: A case report and literature review
Benign mature teratoma during pregnancy is common, mostly discovered incidentally by antenatal sonography. However, repeated pregnancy coincident with ovarian mature teratoma is rarely reported. The cases of teratoma with rapid growing characteristics are even more unique. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Liang-Hsuan Chen, Shuenn-Dhy Chang, Hong-Yuan Huang, Hsin-Shih Wang, Yung-Kuei Soong, Hsien-Ming Wu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Dandy –Walker syndrome with duplex kidney abnormalities in trisomy 18 – A rare case report
Trisomy 18 is one of the major numerical chromosomal disorders. The incidence of trisomy 18 is approximately one in 6000 live births. Dandy –Walker malformation (DWM) is the most common congenital malformation of the cerebellum, with an incidence of about one in 5000 live births. The incidence of trisomy 18 associated with DWM is rare and long-term survival rate is very low. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Tun-Jun Wang, Yi-Ying Li, Wan-Ju Wu, Chi-Kang Lin, Chun-Kai Wang, Chen-Yu Wang, Kwei-Shuai Hwang, Her-Young Su Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Management of pregnancy in pancreas alone transplant recipient complicated with stage-4 chronic renal insufficiency and superimposed pre-eclampsia: Case report and literature review
With the prolonged life expectancy in solid organ transplant recipients, their quality of life and fertility desire become of particular concern. Pregnancy in pancreas-alone transplantation, although rare and complicated to manage, is not impossible anymore. We here report such a case with literature review to address this issue. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yung-Shih Lee, Mei-Yu Peng, Chin-Ru Ker, Te-Fu Chan Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Perspective of Taiwan's experience in the management of meconium peritonitis
Meconium peritonitis, a rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 30,000 births, is an aseptic chemical peritonitis resulting from intrauterine bowel perforation, associated with significant neonatal risk with morbidity and mortality [1]. Based on our search of PubMed (1970 –May 2017; search terms: “meconium peritonitis,” “Taiwan”; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=meconium+peritonitis%2C+Taiwan), there are a few cases of fetal meconium peritonitis available in Taiwan [2–16]. To share the Taiwan's experience in the management of meconium peritonitis , we would like to report one n...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yu-San Lin, Chang-Ching Yeh, Wen-Hsun Chang, I-San Chan, Chi-Yao Lin, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Granulosa cell tumor of ovary: Perspective of Taiwan
A 6-month-old girl presented to our institution with intermittent vaginal bleeding for two months. After careful examination, neither trauma nor foreign body was noted. Laboratory examination revealed an elevated serum level of estradiol (669  pg/ml) associated with very low serum levels of follicular stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. Both pelvic ultrasound and magnetic resonance image showed a well-encapsulated mass lesion at right adnexa, measured 4.0 × 5.4 cm in size, containing mainly soft tissue with cystic component . (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chia-Hao Liu, Huann-Cheng Horng, Wen-Hsun Chang, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and ovarian cancer
There is still a big gap from the basic research (bench) to the clinical use (bed) in precise and personal therapy for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) [1]. Because of slow progress in improving the outcome of EOC with chemotherapy over the past three decades, enthusiasm swelled for one of the targeted therapy, such as poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors which might be a part of the current treatment strategy when the positive results from the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial (ENGOT-OV16/NOVA) conducted by the European Network for Gynecological Oncological Trial groups was obtained and p...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chia-Hao Liu, Yi Chang, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of low-level mosaicism for trisomy 21 with rare karyotype detected by noninvasive prenatal testing
Trisomy 21 (Tri21), which causes the Down syndrome (DS), is the most common chromosome abnormality [1]. Patients with DS are always accompanied by intellectual disability, congenital heart disease and so on. Therefore, only 20% of Tri21 may progress to term delivery, but it is necessary to prevent the birth of neonatus with Tri21 [1,2]. Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), which is the newest detection method, provides a more precise and fast screening method for the early detection of Tri21, and the detection rate is more than 99% [3]. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hong Wu, Zong-Yu Miao, Xiao-Fei Hou, Xiao-Yan Liu, Hui-Yuan Shao Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Serous carcinoma arising from adenomyosis
Adenomyosis (variant diseases of the endometriosis) is still a biggest challenge for both physicians and patients [1 –3]. Common symptoms and signs include an elevated of serum level of CA 125, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, and infertility [4,5]. Because of poor understanding of pathophysiology of adenomyosis [6], the current treatment strategy might be only limited to symptom treatment, including hormone thera py to induce menopause status, waiting for spontaneous menopause, and the destructive surgery, such as total hysterectomy and/or adenomyomectomy, cytoreduction of adenomyosis. (Source: Ta...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chia-Hao Liu, Wen-Hsun Chang, Wei-Min Liu, Peng-Hui Wang Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Responses to the concern raised by Dr. Shigeki Matsubara
Dr. Shigeki Matsubara had raised several questions about our published work [1]. It must be noted that the study period nearly two years ago. This paper was to introduce our primary experience of using aortic balloon catheters for preventing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) caused by placenta previa and abnormally invasive placenta (AIP). Broekman et al. [2] also performed temporary balloon occlusion of the internal iliac arteries to prevent PPH during cesarean delivery among 42 patients with placenta previa. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Fangyuan Luo Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Application of non-invasive prenatal testing in late gestation in a pregnancy associated with intrauterine growth restriction and trisomy 22 confined placental mosaicism
We present the application of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in late gestation in a pregnancy associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and trisomy 22 confined placental mosaicism (CPM). (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chih-Ping Chen, Chris Tsai, Ming-Huei Lin, Schu-Rern Chern, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Wen-Lin Chen, Chen-Wen Pan, Wayseen Wang Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Effects of pushing techniques during the second stage of labor: A  randomized controlled trial
Spontaneous pushing is a method that is used in the management of the second stage of labor and suggested to be more physiological for the mother and infant. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of pushing techniques on the mother and newborn. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Refika Gen ç Koyucu, Nurdan Demirci Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Instructions to Authors – BM1
(Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Outstanding research paper awards of the 2016 Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
In this August issue of the journal, we are glad to introduce the winners of the 2016 Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (TJOG) Outstanding Research Paper Award. The awards were selected from among research papers published in the 2016 print issues of the TJOG. The 2016 TJOG Outstanding Research Paper Golden Award winner is Dr. Hwang, for his excellent research paper entitled “Dose-finding study of Leuplin depot for prevention of premature luteinizing hormone surge during controlled ovarian stimulation: a pilot study in intrauterine insemination treatment” [1]. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lobar fluid overload
Prenatal congenital lobar fluid overload (CLFO), which was first described by Ramsay and Byron, is identical to postnatal congenital lobar overinflation. It is characterized by progressive lobar overexpansion that compresses the other adjacent lung lobes. The underlying cause can be an intrinsic cartilaginous abnormality or an extrinsic airway compression. It may be associated with cardiovascular anomalies in 12% –14% of cases and affects males more frequently than females. Most cases are diagnosed postnatally, but early antenatal diagnosis and sequential follow-up are attempted for early treatment, if clinically ind...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Pei-Shan Tsai, Chih-Ping Chen, Dao Chen Lin, Yu-Peng Liu Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dyspnea in pregnancy
is common. It can result from adaption to body changes in pregnancy and also from complications therein. Understanding the mechanisms of change in the respiratory system during pregnancy helps with the differential diagnosis of dyspnea in normal pregnancy as opposed to pathological dyspnea. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shih-Yi Lee, Ding-Kuo Chien, Chien-Hsuan Huang, Shou-Chuan Shih, Wei-Cheng Lee, Wen-Han Chang Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The climate impact on female acute pyelonephritis in Taiwan: A  population-based study
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the main reason of community-acquired infection which causes large losses in social economy. The individual as well as climate factors make changes on the incidence. Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is one of the most serious UTI in female. The object of our study is to analyze whether climate factors will have effect on the incidence of female APN in Taiwan. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jui-Ming Liu, Yu-Lung Chang, Ren-Jun Hsu, Her-Young Su, Sen-Wen Teng, Fung-Wei Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Screening frequency and histologic type influence the efficacy of cervical cancer screening: A nationwide cohort study
To evaluate the influence of age, screening interval, and histologic type on the effect of Pap smears in cervical cancer screening. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ying-Cheng Chiang, Yun-Yuan Chen, Shu-Feng Hsieh, Chun-Ju Chiang, San-Lin You, Wen-Fang Cheng, Mei-Shu Lai, Chi-An Chen, Taiwan Cervical Cancer Prevention Surveillance Center Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Nationwide trends and in-hospital complications of trachelectomy for surgically resectable cervical cancer in Taiwanese women: A  population-based study, 1998–2013
To describe the nationwide trends in the utilization of trachelectomy among Taiwanese women with surgically resectable cervical cancer over the past decade, and to compare associated demographic characteristics, in-hospital complications and related outcomes using a population-based dataset from 1998 to 2013. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Hung-Hui Chen, Kuei-Hui Chu, Chia-Sui Weng, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Yu-Ju Chien, Kung-Liahng Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The effect of oxytocin and Kisspeptin-10 in ovary and uterus of ischemia-reperfusion injured rats
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries result in damage to endothelial and parenchymal cells. Oxytocin (OXY) stimulates uterine contraction during parturition and myoepithelial cells during suckling. OXY has been used as a protective antioxidant. Kisspeptin plays a key role in the central control of reproductive functions and onset of puberty. Recent studies show that these reproductive hormones have protective potential as antioxidant. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential protective effects of Kisspeptin and OXY as antioxidants on I/R injured ovary and uterus of female rats. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obs...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: M. Aslan, G. Erkanli Senturk, H. Akkaya, S. Sahin, B. Y ılmaz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of oral contraceptives on balance in women: A randomized controlled trial
Synopsis: Combined oral contraceptive pills are effective method of contraception to improve postural balance and decrease risk of injury in normal and athletic women. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ahmed M. Maged, Emad Salah, Ahmed M. Kamel, Ahmed M. Hussein, Hany Saad, Hadeer Meshaal, Wafaa M. Kamal Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Laparoendoscopic single-site myomectomy using conventional laparoscopic instruments and glove port technique: Four years experience in 109 cases
To report a single surgeon's experience with 109 laparoendoscopic single-site myomectomy (LESS-M) using conventional laparoscopic instruments and a homemade glove port system. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Szu-Yu Chen, Bor-Ching Sheu, Su-Cheng Huang, Wen-Chun Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Modern human sperm freezing: Effect on DNA, chromatin and acrosome integrity
Presence of vitrification method in sperm freezing and the introduction of solid surface vitrification beside rapid freezing in vapour, opens an easy and safe way to help infertility centres. While the effects of cryopreservation on motility, morphology and viability of sperm are documented, the question of the probable alteration of sperm DNA, chromatin and acrosome integrity after freezing and thawing procedures in different methods is still controversial. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Tahereh Rahiminia, Akram Hosseini, Morteza Anvari, Saeed Ghasemi-Esmailabad, Ali Reza Talebi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of sclerotherapy for the treatment of infected postoperative lymphocele
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sclerotherapy as the treatment of infected postoperative lymphocele in gynecologic malignancy patients. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Youdong Kim, Gyeong Sik Jeon, Sun Young Choi, Man Deuk Kim, Shin Jae Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Relationship between alcohol consumption and age at menopause: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
We used data from the 2011 –2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) to investigate whether the age at menopause is related to alcohol consumption in South Korean women. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jeong In Choi, Kyung-do Han, Dae Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Yeon Joo Shin, Hae Nam Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Detection of SEA-type α-thalassemia in embryo biopsies by digital PCR
Accurate and efficient pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) based on the analysis of single or oligo-cells is needed for timely identification of embryos that are affected by deleterious genetic traits in in  vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the backbone of modern genetic diagnoses, and a spectrum of PCR-based techniques have been used to detect various thalassemia mutations in prenatal diagnosis (PND) and PGD. Among thalassemias, SEA-type α-thalassemia is the most common variety found in Asia, and can lead to Bart's hydrops fetalis and serious maternal complications. (So...
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ta-Hsien Lee, Ya-Chiung Hsu, Chia Lin Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The characterization of trachelectomy for benign and precancerous indications in Taiwan: A population-based study, 1998 –2013
The study aimed to update the utilization trend and characterize the trachelectomy for benign and precancerous indications in Taiwanese women by comparing associated women, surgeon, and hospital-related characteristics. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Hung-Hui Chen, Chia-Sui Weng, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Shih-Yi Wen, Shih-Chun Wang, Kung-Liahng Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The utility and effectiveness of an internal iliac artery balloon occlusion catheter in surgery for large cervical uterine fibroids
Surgery for uterine cervical fibroids is difficult because of restricted surgical access and risks such as intraoperative bleeding or injury to other organs. The internal iliac artery balloon occlusion catheter (IIABOC) provides effective hemostasis for placenta previa and atonic hemorrhage, and is increasingly used in surgery for uterine fibroids for controlling intraoperative hemorrhage. We investigated the efficacy and safety of the IIABOC for controlling intraoperative bleeding in total abdominal hysterectomies (TAH) and abdominal myomectomies (AM) for large cervical fibroids. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hiroshi Kaneda, Yasuhisa Terao, Yuko Matsuda, Kazunari Fujino, Takafumi Ujihira, Soshi Kusunoki, Miki Kimura, Akihiko Shiraishi, Ryohei Kuwatsuru, Satoru Takeda Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of PET/CT to exclude leiomyoma in patients with lesions suspicious for uterine sarcoma on MRI
To analyze the efficacy of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the diagnosis of uterine sarcoma. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Soshi Kusunoki, Yasuhisa Terao, Takafumi Ujihira, Kazunari Fujino, Hiroshi Kaneda, Miki Kimura, Tsuyoshi Ota, Satoru Takeda Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Validation of a high-throughput and robust technique: BACs-on-beads assay (KaryoLite BoBs) for pre-implantation aneuploidy screening
This study aims to validate the BACs-on-Beads (BoB) technology as a robust and high throughput method for pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) for aneuploidy. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Grace Wing Shan Kong, Yanlin Ma, Jian Ou, Yvonne Ka Yin Kwok, Wei Wang, Queenie Sum Yee Yeung, Cherry Kit Man Wong, Qi Li, Wen Xu, Weiying Lu, Hong Li, Tin Chiu Li, Kwong Wai Choy Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Propofol in combination with remifentanil for cesarean section: Placental transfer and effect on mothers and newborns at different induction to delivery intervals
This study aims to describe the administration of propofol in combination with remifentanil for the induction of general anesthesia during cesarean section (CS). Our aim was to evaluate its impact on the drug concentrations of the maternal and neonatal blood at different induction of anesthesia to delivery (I –D) intervals as well as its effect on newborns. (Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2017 Category: OBGYN Authors: Liguo Hu, Jianhui Pan, Shantang Zhang, Jinjing Yu, Keqiang He, Shuhua Shu, Ruiting Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research