Conducting Research with Individuals at Risk for Suicide: Protocol for Assessment and Risk Management.
CONCLUSIONS: Suicide risk in research involving community participants can be managed by using appropriate risk protocols. PMID: 31702077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - November 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ward-Ciesielski EF, Wilks CR Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Reaching Those at Highest Risk for Suicide: Development of a Model Using Machine Learning Methods for use With Native American Communities.
CONCLUSION: These models substantially improved our ability to determine who was most at risk in this community. Further work is needed including developing clinical guidance and external validation. PMID: 31692064 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - November 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Haroz EE, Walsh CG, Goklish N, Cwik MF, O'Keefe V, Barlow A Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury-Related Differences in the Experience of Negative and Positive Emotion.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering different dimensions of negative and positive emotion may enhance understanding of NSSI. Future research should disentangle which dimensions of emotional experience are unique to NSSI and which are shared with mental illness more generally. PMID: 31682015 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - November 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Boyes ME, Wilmot A, Hasking PA Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Serious Suicide Attempts with High Medical Severity.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that suicide attempters with high medical severity had more severe psychopathologies and risk factors related to suicidal behavior than those with low medical severity. PMID: 31642549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kim S, Choi KH, Lee KS, Kim DJ, Hong SC, Lee HK, Kweon YS, Lee CT, Lee KU Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Methods Matter: Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in the Form of Cutting is Uniquely Associated with Suicide Attempt Severity in Patients with Substance Use Disorders.
CONCLUSION: Results highlight an important link between NSSI methods involving cutting and suicide attempts among patients with substance use disorders. Findings also highlight the importance of more fine-grained characterizations of NSSI subgroups. PMID: 31621951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baer MM, Tull MT, Forbes CN, Richmond JR, Gratz KL Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Testing Basic Assumptions of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire-15 in a Sample of Clinically Depressed and Suicidal Youth.
CONCLUSION: Perceived burdensomeness appears to play a role in adolescent suicidality and may be a point of intervention, yet the notable deviation from previous findings and the relative weakness of two of the factors warrant further study. PMID: 31600010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - October 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hunt QA, Weiler LM, McGuire J, Mendenhall T, Kobak R, Diamond GS Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

The Three-Step Theory of Suicide: An Independent Replication and Conceptual Extension.
CONCLUSIONS: Both the 3ST and the ITS have utility to explain suicidal ideation. Limitations and future directions are discussed. PMID: 31566798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hagan CR, Muehlenkamp JJ Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Caring E-mails for Military and Veteran Suicide Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: No firm conclusions about the efficacy of the intervention can be made because the study was inadequately powered. There were no adverse events associated with the intervention, and implementation of the procedures was feasible in the military and veteran hospital settings. These results provide important methodological considerations for caring contact trials in military populations. PMID: 31562660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luxton DD, Smolenski DJ, Reger MA, Relova RMV, Skopp NA Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Suicidal Experiences: The Role of Experiential Avoidance.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings are important because they identify experiential avoidance as a potential key explanatory construct in accounting for the development of OCD and suicidal experiences. However, future research using longitudinal and/or experimental designs is needed to infer causality. PMID: 31553082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Angelakis I, Gooding P Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Early First Deployment and Risk of Suicide Attempt Among First-term Enlisted Soldiers in the U.S. Army.
CONCLUSIONS: Enlisted soldiers deployed within the first 12 months of service have elevated risk of suicide attempt during and after first deployment. Improved understanding of why early deployment increases risk can inform the development of policies and intervention programs. PMID: 31544970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Naifeh JA, Ursano RJ, Kessler RC, Aliaga PA, Mash HBH, Fullerton CS, Ng THH, Dinh HM, Gonzalez OI, Stokes CM, Wynn GH, Kao TC, Sampson NA, Stein MB Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Discovering the Unclassified Suicide Cases Among Undetermined Drug Overdose Deaths Using Machine Learning Techniques.
CONCLUSIONS: This research identifies a cost-effective, replicable, and expandable ML-based methodology to estimate the true rates of suicide which may be partially masked during the opioid epidemic. PMID: 31536175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Liu D, Yu M, Duncan J, Fondario A, Kharrazi H, Nestadt PS Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Validating the Suicide Status Form for the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality in a Psychiatric Adolescent Sample.
CONCLUSIONS: These results provide initial psychometric validation of the SSF for use with adolescents and indicate that it does not need to be adapted or modified for this age group. PMID: 31532846 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brausch AM, O'Connor SS, Powers JT, McClay MM, Gregory JA, Jobes DA Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicide Attempts: How Does the Acute Use of Alcohol Affect Suicide Intent?
CONCLUSION: Acute use of alcohol patients presented with lower suicide intent, as particularly explained by the self-report scores, but there were no differences between the groups in terms of risk and/or the objective circumstances. The role of alcohol in the self-reporting of suicide attempts must be addressed in future studies. PMID: 31532854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Salles J, Tiret B, Gallini A, Gandia P, Arbus C, Mathur A, Bougon E Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Acute Shame Predicts Urges for Suicide but not for Substance Use in a Veteran Population.
CONCLUSIONS: Acute feelings of shame may be a risk factor for increases in suicidal ideation. Limitations and suggestions for future directions are discussed. PMID: 31524303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cameron AY, Shea MT, Randall AB Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Proximal Correlates of Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors: A Test of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide.
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the theory's predictions regarding passive and active suicidal ideation, with limited support regarding suicidal behaviors. The proximal associations of the IPTS constructs with daily suicidal ideation suggest areas for potential intervention with suicidal clients. PMID: 31503359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wolford-Clevenger C, Stuart GL, Elledge LC, McNulty JK, Spirito A Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicide and Personality Traits: A Multicenter Study of Austrian and Italian Psychiatric Patients and Students.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, without the presence of Depression symptoms, neuroticism was a protective factor against Suicidal Ideation, whereas neuroticism when comorbid with Depression symptoms increased suicide risk in psychiatric patients. In all three regions, the clinical samples had higher scores for Neuroticism and for Depression symptoms than the student sample and consequently higher scores for Suicide. Furthermore, we demonstrated an interaction between gender and culture on personality traits, supporting the hypothesis that the distribution of self-reported personality traits is organized geographically. PM...
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - September 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stefa-Missagli S, Unterrainer HF, Giupponi G, Holasek SJ, Kapfhammer HP, Conca A, Sarlo M, Erbuto D, Rogante E, Moujaes-Droescher H, Davok K, Berardelli I, Krysinska K, Andriessen K, Lester D, Pompili M Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of the Evidence Supporting Mobile- and Internet-Based Psychological Interventions For Self-Harm.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, Internet- and mobile-based interventions show promise and further controlled trials are warranted, focusing on behavioral outcomes (NSSI, suicidal behavior). This review was preregistered with PROSPERO (CRD42017074065). PMID: 31448847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - August 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Arshad U, Farhat-Ul-Ain, Gauntlett J, Husain N, Chaudhry N, Taylor PJ Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Use of the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) in a large sample of Veterans receiving mental health services in the Veterans Health Administration.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings support the value of screening and the validity of the self-reports based on the C-SSRS, but limitations in concordance with medical records and variability across programs suggest the need for clinical judgment in interpreting responses. PMID: 31441952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - August 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katz I, Barry CN, Cooper SA, Kasprow WJ, Hoff RA Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

God Bless You? The Association of Religion and Spirituality with Reduction of Suicide Ideation and Length of Hospital Stay among Psychiatric Patients at Risk for Suicide.
CONCLUSIONS: Religion and spirituality were not or only weakly associated with improvement of suicide ideation and shorter hospital stay. Further studies are needed to account for selection biases and other limitations in our study. Based on our findings, R&S may not be major sources to recover from suicidal crisis in a psychiatric setting. PMID: 31410881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Plöderl M, Kunrath S, Fartacek C Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Motivational Interviewing to Address Suicidal Ideation: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: Results are nondefinitive, but the effect size of both versions of MI-SI+TAU on the presence of SI was consistent with prior MI findings. Exploratory analyses suggest MI-SI-R may be preferable to MI-SI. More intensive MI-SI-R with a greater number of follow-ups may increase its effectiveness. PMID: 31393029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Britton PC, Conner KR, Chapman BP, Maisto SA Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Unraveling the Complex Web of Associations Between Easy Access to Firearms and Premature Mortalities.
CONCLUSIONS: This study supports previous research and carves out new ground showing easy access to guns acts synergistically with other lifestyle differences to diminish youth life chances. PMID: 31385347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Feigelman W, Rosen Z, Cerel J Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation in Elite Schools: A Test of the Interpersonal Theory and the Escape Theory of Suicide.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that combining the interpersonal and escape theories of suicide could help better explain the emergence of suicidal ideation among college students. PMID: 31376217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - August 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Landrault H, Jaafari N, Amine M, Malka G, Selimbegović L, Chatard A Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Firearm Retailers and Suicide: Results from a Survey Assessing Willingness to Engage in Prevention Efforts.
CONCLUSIONS: Suggestions for how to improve outreach to firearm retailers to enhance suicide prevention efforts are discussed. PMID: 31355478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Walton T, Stuber J Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Adolescent Suicide Attempt Prevention: Predictors of Response to a Cognitive-Behavioral Family and Youth Centered Intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the potential value of personalized treatment approaches based on pretreatment characteristics and the significance of baseline SB and sleep problems for predicting treatment response. PMID: 31350782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Babeva KN, Klomhaus AM, Sugar CA, Fitzpatrick O, Asarnow JR Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Development and Validation of Static and Adaptive Screeners to Assess Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior.
CONCLUSIONS: The RMTS provides reliable and valid brief static and adaptive screeners for the measurement of suicide risk in community, research, and clinical settings. PMID: 31343755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Calear AL, Batterham PJ, Sunderland M, Carragher N Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Prevention of Suicidal Behavior with Telemedicine in Patients with a Recent Suicide Attempt: Is a 6-month Intervention Long Enough?
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of a 6-month telephone follow-up program for the prevention of suicidality in adult patients discharged from three general hospitals after a suicide attempt. Results are compared with traditional programs lasting 12 months or more. METHODS: This is a prospective, multicenter, study with the control group. Patients in the intervention group received five protocolized telephone calls which were added to their usual treatment. Those in the control group only received usual treatment. Each patient was followed up for 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 123 pati...
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gabilondo A, Aristegi E, Gonzalez-Pinto A, Martin Zurimendi J, Mateos Del Pino M, Roca R, Zorrilla I, Iruin A Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Confidence and Intentions to Help a Person at Risk of Suicide.
CONCLUSIONS: Suicide prevention messaging aimed at family and friends could encourage them to ask direct questions about suicide risk and could include messages about "what not to do." Suicide prevention messages aimed specifically at men are indicated. PMID: 31339597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicholas A, Pirkis J, Rossetto A, Jorm A, Spittal M, Reavley N Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Public Health Surveillance of Youth Suicide Attempts: Challenges and Opportunities.
CONCLUSION: Future research should address concerns about undocumented cases of intentional self-injury in administrative claims systems; patient encounters in nonhospital settings for injuries resulting from a suicide attempt; and validity of Youth Risk Behavior Survey questions on suicidal behavior. PMID: 31318087 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Singleton MD, Frey LM, Webb A, Cerel J Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation, Suicidal Attempts, and Self-Harm in the UK Armed Forces.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: In the UK military, suicide is infrequent and studies of self-harm behavior in this population are rare. OBJECTIVES: To compare lifetime self-harm rates estimated on three occasions between 2004 and 2016 and to explore the associates of lifetime self-harm. METHOD: Three phases of a UK AF cohort study (n = 10,272, 9,990, and 8,581, respectively) provided data. Telephone interviews assessed associates of self-harm among cohort members who reported subjective mental health problems in the past 3 years (n = 1,448). Validated measures of mental health and relate...
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jones N, Sharp ML, Phillips A, Stevelink SAM Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

The Link between Discrimination and Worst Point Suicidal Ideation among Sexual and Gender Minority Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study provides evidence that the pathway between discrimination and worst point suicidal ideation may be partially explained by the perception that one will never belong. These findings support the utility of an understudied Interpersonal Theory of Suicide hypothesis for research among SGM adults. PMID: 31282049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Salentine CM, Hilt LM, Muehlenkamp JJ, Ehlinger PP Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Using Topic Modeling to Detect and Describe Self-Injurious and Related Content on a Large-Scale Digital Platform.
CONCLUSIONS: This approach has the potential to drastically increase our understanding of SITBs and related issues discussed on digital platforms, as well as our ability to identify those at risk for such outcomes. PMID: 31264733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Franz PJ, Nook EC, Mair P, Nock MK Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Efficacy of a problem-solving intervention for the indicated prevention of suicidal risk in young Brazilians: Randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Thus, suicidal risk can be successfully prevented in adolescents. PMID: 31237377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Xavier A, Otero P, Blanco V, Vázquez FL Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicide and Types of Agriculture: A Time-Series Analysis in Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: This study raises the possibility that the industrial and cultural characteristics of communities that rely on animal husbandry may be associated with an increased risk of suicide. PMID: 31215073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kanamori M, Kondo N Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Correlates of Intimate Partner Homicide among Male Suicide Decedents with Known Intimate Partner Problems.
CONCLUSIONS: Connections between the criminal justice and mental health systems as well as stronger enforcement of laws prohibiting firearm possession among domestic violence offenders may prevent IP homicide-suicides. PMID: 31187883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Logan JE, Ertl A, Bossarte R Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Perceived Coercion During Admission Into Psychiatric Hospitalization Increases Risk of Suicide Attempts After Discharge.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients' perception of the context in which they were hospitalized is associated with a small but significant increase in their likelihood of postdischarge suicide attempts. PMID: 31162700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - June 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jordan JT, McNiel DE Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Adolescents' Engagement with Crisis Hotline Risk-management Services: A Report from the Emergency Department Screen for Teen Suicide Risk (ED-STARS) Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents' engagement with telephone risk-management services was strong, suggesting that this strategy can address safety. Further, findings suggest telephone risk-management services effectively engage youth across demographic and clinical subgroups. PMID: 31152463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Busby DR, King CA, Brent D, Grupp-Phelan J, Gould M, Page K, Casper TC, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

The Role of Opioid Use in Distinguishing between Suicidal Ideation and Attempts.
CONCLUSIONS: Results highlight the importance of assessing for suicide risk among opioid users. PMID: 31141194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anestis MD, Tull MT, Butterworth SE, Richmond JR, Houtsma C, Forbes CN, Gratz KL Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Anxiety Symptom Severity and Long-term Risk for Suicidal Behavior in Depressive Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: These results did not show anxiety comorbidity to be an important risk factor for suicide attempts or completions. PMID: 31131922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - May 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Coryell W, Fiedorowicz J, Solomon D, Endicott J, Keller M Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Safety Planning on Crisis Lines: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Perceived Helpfulness of a Brief Intervention to Mitigate Future Suicide Risk.
CONCLUSION: The Safety Planning Intervention is a promising approach to reduce crisis callers' future suicide risk that hotline counselors report is both feasible and helpful. PMID: 31112330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Labouliere CD, Stanley B, Lake AM, Gould MS Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

A Brief Measure of Unbearable Psychache.
CONCLUSIONS: The UP3 is a brief, psychometrically sound measure of unbearable psychache that may be well-suited for use in research protocols and clinical assessments. PMID: 31074006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pachkowski MC, May AM, Tsai M, Klonsky ED Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicide Typologies in the United States Air Force: A Hierarchical Cluster Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies empirically based suicide typologies within a military decedent sample. While further research and replications of findings are needed, these typologies have clinical and policy implications for military suicide prevention. PMID: 31034653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin JS, Novak LA, Perera K, Olsen CH, Kindt MT, LaCroix JM, Bennion L, Lee-Tauler SY, Ghahramanlou-Holloway M Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Firearm Ownership and Capability for Suicide in Post-Deployment National Guard Service Members.
CONCLUSION: Our findings support theories emphasizing practical aspects of suicide (e.g., three-step theory) and suggest that owning firearms, in particular for self-protection, along with familiarity using firearms may be associated with greater capability for suicide. PMID: 31002425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - April 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Goldberg SB, Tucker RP, Abbas M, Schultz ME, Hiserodt M, Thomas KA, Anestis MD, Wyman MF Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Short- and Long-Term Impact of an Undergraduate Suicidology Course.
CONCLUSION: Providing general education undergraduate courses in suicidology may be an important avenue for building a motivated and informed public that can sustain suicide prevention efforts in their communities. PMID: 30977549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - April 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Muehlenkamp JJ, Thoen SK Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Kognito's Avatar-Based Suicide Prevention Training for College Students: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial and a Naturalistic Evaluation.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of Kognito At Risk for College Students, an online, interactive suicide prevention gatekeeper training. METHODS: In Study 1, a randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the efficacy of Kognito. Retention of participants at follow-up was strong. In Study 2, administrative records were used to follow the help-seeking behavior of Kognito trainees for one academic year, contrasted with untrained students. RESULTS: In Study 1, between-group changes in gatekeeper attitudes were large at time-two, but attenuated modestly by 2-month follow-up...
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - April 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Coleman D, Black N, Ng J, Blumenthal E Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Suicidal Thinking and Behavior in Adolescents at Ultra-High Risk of Psychosis: A Two-year Longitudinal Study.
CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of suicidal ideation among UHR adolescents was found and supports the routine monitoring of risk of self-injurious thinking and behavior in this at-risk population. PMID: 30932235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pelizza L, Poletti M, Azzali S, Paterlini F, Garlassi S, Scazza I, Chiri LR, Pupo S, Raballo A Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Predictive Validity of the MINI Suicidality Subscale for Suicide Attempts in a Homeless Population With Mental Illness.
CONCLUSION: The MINI Suicidal subscale shows promise as an easy to use and accurate suicide risk prediction tool among homeless individuals with mental illness. PMID: 30907470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - March 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katz C, Roos LE, Wang Y, Bolton J, Hwang SW, Katz LY, Bourque J, Adair CE, Somers JM, Sareen J, At Home/Chez Soi Investigators Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Zolpidem Use and Suicide Death in South Korea: A Population-Based Case-Control Study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether zolpidem use is associated with suicide death in adults. METHOD: We conducted a case-control study using the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) database. Cases were adults with a suicide record (ICD-10 codes; X-60-X84, Y87.0) between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013. 10 Controls were matched to each case by age, sex, index year, region, income level, and health insurance type. Zolpidem use during 2 years before suicide was quantified. Adjusted odd ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using conditi...
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - March 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Choi B, Sung HG, Nam JH, Shin JY Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

(In)stability of Capability for Suicide in Psychiatric Inpatients: Longitudinal Assessment Using Ecological Momentary Assessments.
CONCLUSION: The results provide first evidence that capability for suicide includes a dynamic short-term component that is linked to clinical variables such as suicidal ideation. PMID: 30834576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - March 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Spangenberg L, Glaesmer H, Hallensleben N, Rath D, Forkmann T Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Response to Reifels et  al., Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
Response to Reifels et al., Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2019 Feb 20;: Authors: Knipe DW, Eddleston M PMID: 30786045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - February 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Knipe DW, Eddleston M Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

Authors' Reply.
ra BL, Dargis L, Vijayakumar L, Phillips MR, Pirkis J PMID: 30786046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior)
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - February 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Authors' Reply. Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research