"Stud Health Technol Inform"[ta]; +125 new citations
125 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: "Stud Health Technol Inform"[ta] These pubmed results were generated on 2020/07/03PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 3, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Report Source Type: research

Health Literacy and Its Impact on Health and Healthcare Outcomes.
Authors: O'Conor R, Moore A, Wolf MS Abstract This chapter summarizes research that investigated relationships between health literacy (using currently accepted measures) and specific classifications of health outcomes, including healthcare utilization. To better understand the causal pathway which limited health literacy affects poorer health outcomes, the literature is presented from proximal (health knowledge) to distal (mortality) outcomes. Overall, the most consistent evidence was observed at the most proximal and distal outcomes, but less consistent evidence with intermediary outcomes, particularly self-manag...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

The Intersections Between Social Determinants of Health, Health Literacy, and Health Disparities.
Authors: Schillinger D Abstract This chapter synthesizes what is known about the relationship between social disadvantage and measures of low health literacy (LHL), and reviews the research examining whether LHL is an explanatory factor connecting social disadvantage, health outcomes, and health disparities. Written from a U.S. perspective, the chapter then offers a novel conceptual framework that presents how the social determinants of health might interact with LHL to result in health disparities. The framework articulates relationships that reflect public health pathways and healthcare pathways, which include th...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

How Health Literacy Develops the 'Four Aims' of Better Health Care.
Authors: Rikard RV, Hudson S Abstract The chapter's audience and purpose are twofold. First, the chapter introduces the 'Quadruple Aim' to policy makers and provides a general overview of health literacy strategies and tools to meet the Quadruple Aim to enhance care delivery while reducing costs. Second, the chapter identifies gaps in health literacy related research and encourages a research agenda to further the evidence base of health literacy to reduce cost, enhance quality, increase access, improve satisfaction, and achieve health equity. PMID: 32593982 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Tech...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Achieving the Quadruple Aim Through Bidirectional Care.
Authors: Andresen ML, Rosof BM, Arteaga H Abstract This chapter discusses the notion of 'bidirectional health literacy' between the patient/care partner and the care team, and its impact on the quadruple aim: the care experience, population health, engagement, and the cost of care. It provides a brief historical perspective of the quadruple aim along with its relationships to value and health literacy. It overviews the responsibilities of health care organizations and highlights best practices, such as bidirectional care opportunities in patient-centered medical homes, with a focus on improving provider and care te...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy: An Essential Element of Health Care Professionalism and Resilience.
This report discusses the importance of incorporating health literacy into health care professionalism and resilience. It defines health care management professionalism and its subcomponents. The report addresses the need for an improved definition of health care management professionalism. The inclusion of health literacy is not only important to the improved definition, but also to health care management education competencies. The report builds on the move towards competency-based education as a strategy to address health literacy in the areas of professionalism and ethics for healthcare professionals. This could lead t...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy and Pediatric Health.
Authors: Glick AF, Yin HS, Dreyer BP Abstract The chapters and reports in this book explore a wide variety of topics related to how health literacy can impact clinical practice and public health. While health literacy is relevant to healthcare issues across populations, it has unique implications in the field of pediatrics, where parents and other caregivers are responsible for managing their child's healthcare. Younger children have varying roles and involvement; over time, as children reach adolescence, they have an increasing understanding of and participation in their healthcare. This chapter will review the ep...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

The Evolving Role of Health Literacy in Improving Oral Health.
Authors: Horowitz AM, Kleinman DV, Atchison KA, Weintraub JA, Rozier RG Abstract This chapter provides a review of the evolution of oral health literacy including its impact on oral health outcomes, the current status of oral health literacy initiatives and future research needs. Using the Healthy People 2010 definition, the chapter describes opportunities needed to improve oral health literacy among health providers as well as individuals/patients, communities and policy-makers. Studies of the two most prevalent dental diseasesâĂŤdental caries and periodontal diseases - reveal that increasing the oral heal...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Advancing Health Literacy Interventions.
Authors: Nutbeam D, Muscat DM Abstract The past 25 years has seen extraordinary growth in interest in health literacy among researchers, policy-makers and practitioners. This interest has been underpinned by academic debate about the concept, definition, and measurement of health literacy, and further strengthened by a growing volume of research that has investigated the relationship between health literacy and a wide range of health and social outcomes. A smaller but growing number of studies report on interventions to address the practical challenges of low health literacy in clinical settings - and describe appr...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

What Must Health Literacy Stakeholders Do to Build a Public Health and Population Health Agenda?
Authors: Baur C Abstract This chapter argues that although the health literacy field has many frameworks and conceptual models, it lacks core components necessary to address health literacy as both a pressing public health and population health matter. Health literacy stakeholders need to develop three sets of activities that can provide the infrastructure for large-scale health literacy improvement. First, the field needs an 'epidemiology of health literacy' so we have a sustained and robust mechanism to collect and report data on multiple health literacy dimensions. Second, stakeholders should agree on standards ...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Improving Immunization and Health Literacy Through a Community-Based Approach.
This report illustrates the importance of capacity-building to advance immunization literacy through a community-based participatory research (CPBR) approach to decrease child health immunization disparities. The research project utilizes culturally-tailored immunization and technology literacy modalities for dissemination in targeted low-income neighborhoods. The results suggest successful outcomes are dependent upon contributions and engagement of community members in all project processes, ensuring community buy-in and cultural relevance. The latter approach is time-intensive due in part to the need to build broad-based...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Promoting Latino Self-Management Through Use of Information Visualizations: A Case Study in New York City.
This report illustrates the use of information visualizations for communication related to self-management through research-based case examples and summarizes key lessons from studies with Latinos in New York City. PMID: 32593990 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy Out Loud Podcasts: Audio Interviews About Health Literacy, Health Communication, and Health from Many Points of View.
This report introduces Health Literacy Out Loud (HLOL) podcasts, which have covered many aspects of health literacy, health communication, and health care from diverse perspectives since 2008. The report includes excerpts from select HLOL podcasts. Each includes a link to listen and learn more. Section two highlights health literacy pioneers including conversations with Len and Ceci Doak, Archie Willard, and Rima Rudd. Section three looks at two of the most common health communication strategies, the written and spoken word. Section four brings in other aspects of communication including cultural aspects of food and nutrit...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy Measurement in General and Other Populations: Further Initiatives and Lessons Learned in Europe (and Beyond).
Authors: Pelikan JM, Straßmayr C, Ganahl K Abstract This chapter provides an overview of health literacy measurement initiatives with a focus on the European Health Literacy Survey (HLS-EU) - describing where measuring population health literacy started, where it currently is, and providing an outlook to the upcoming European HL survey. In the first part of the chapter, the methodology and the main results of the initial HLS-EU study from 2011 will be introduced. In the second part the worldwide impact of the HLS-EU study will be mapped. Many publications and studies used the HLS-EU instruments in the origina...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy in Austria: Interventions and Research.
This report provides an overview of Austria's approaches to improve population health literacy (HL). The report suggests: a) research can trigger health policy responses to improve HL; b) linking HL improvement to other reform agendas can boost effectiveness, and c) coordination is required for continuously and systematically working towards better HL. Examples of strategic thematic approaches and interventions - especially in the fields of communication in healthcare, health information products, and organizational HL responsiveness - are provided, and Austria's role in preparing the next European HL survey, HLS19, is bri...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Work in Progress: A Report on Health Literacy in Denmark and the Netherlands.
This report focuses on the development of health literacy in two European countries, Denmark and the Netherlands. Denmark is part of the Nordic region, while the Netherlands is situated in the Western part of Europe. The report includes examples on Danish and Dutch health literacy research and lessons learned from practice. In Denmark, supported by health literacy research, health literacy developments have been advanced within some areas of practice. Health literacy advocacy initiatives promoted by the Danish Health Literacy Network and the Danish Society of Public Health provide promising perspectives for the future of h...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy Research in Malaysia: Health Literacy and Other Aging Challenges Among Malaysian Public Employees.
This study provides an overview of participant quality of life, which was operationalized as a precondition of active aging. The participants' preconditions related to active aging were worrisome as 28% perceived their quality of life as poor and 34% were dissatisfied with their health. More positively, health literacy was found to be a significant determinant that may enable active aging. PMID: 32593995 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy in Israel - From Measurement to Intervention: Two Case Studies.
This report focuses on opportunities, challenges and outcomes of health literacy related interventions in Israel, based on health literacy measurement. The importance of a system's and community approaches are discussed, as is cultural appropriateness. Two case studies are highlighted - the first on childhood immunization and the second on self-management of chronic health situations. In the second example, a combination of community, media, digital, and face-to-face interventions comprise a broad approach to intervention. The impact and some findings are presented, including conclusions derived from each initiative. P...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Summary and Comments About Section One.
Authors: Logan RA Abstract Section one addresses health literacy's capacity to foster progress in clinical care and public health. Section one (and this summary) are divided into five subsections: an introduction; health literacy interventions/activities and clinical practice; health literacy interventions/activities and public health; international health literacy activities; and a concluding discussion of health literacy's three current platforms and health literacy's distinctive impact on health. PMID: 32593997 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy Research in Rural Areas.
This report discusses successful approaches to conducting health literacy-directed studies with community clinics and agencies in rural areas of Louisiana. Some lessons learned from two studies in isolated rural areas with a history of health, educational, and economic disparities are presented. The first is a qualitative study eliciting patients', providers' and community members' understanding, access and acceptance of clincial trials. The second is an overview of health literacy interventions that build on each other to improve annual colorectal cancer screening in rural commuity clinics. The results suggest rural provi...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy Initiatives and Lessons Learned with NGOs: Wisconsin Health Literacy.
This report discusses necessary steps to help ensure successful community-based health literacy interventions using adult learning principles. Two workshop topics are covered: one on the flu and the other on the safe and effective use of opioids. Successful implementation includes conducting a needs assessment, developing project content, identifying target audiences, building strong community partners, implementing the workshops, and evaluating outcomes. The report also features the importance of patient-centered prescription medication labels to improve patient understanding, safety, and adherence. Results from a case st...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Building Health Literacy Coalitions and NGOs.
This report describes several health literacy initiatives by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Specifically, the authors discuss the vision, history, and establishment of the International Health Literacy Association and similar regional organizations, as examples of collaboration across professional and geographic boundaries to advance health literacy research and practice. The authors provide some observations to build future health literacy initiatives by NGOs around the world. PMID: 32594000 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

The Universal Patient Language: A Set of Resources and Tools to Design Patient Communications That Support Better Health Literacy.
In this report, the authors explore health literacy considerations within the pharmaceutical industry; introduce the UPL; explain how human-centered service design methods were deployed to build the UPL; and present two UPL case studies. PMID: 32594001 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

How Health Literacy Can Enhance the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials from Consent to Conclusion.
Conclusion. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2020 Jun 25;269:275-284 Authors: O'Leary C, Casey C, Webb D, Collyar D, Pleasant A Abstract Health literacy research and interventions have provided multiple tools to improve communication between professionals and patients in clinical contexts for many years. Despite the reality that many patients participate in clinical trials in conjunction with standard medical care, only recently have efforts extended to address and improve the health literacy of both clinical trial researchers and participants. To date, the primary focus of health literacy activities in cli...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Programmatic Approaches to Increase the Health of Children and Senior Citizens Using Health Literacy Best Practices.
Authors: Peña Gonzalez D, Roberts R, Johnson K, Villaire M Abstract Effective communication is essential to improving individual health and wellbeing, especially for those with marginalized literacy levels. While there are many populations that benefit from effective communication, this report concentrates on child and senior populations. Three programs developed by the Institute for Healthcare Advancement (IHA) and partner agencies in the U.S. are explored as examples of practical techniques that can be included in programmatic initiatives. The authors also provide suggestions for sustainability. The discus...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy Initiatives and Lessons Learned within Public Health Agencies.
This report provides an overview of previous, current, and forthcoming health literacy activities spearheaded by the New York State Department of Health Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities Prevention that support the importance of effective communication and health literacy across the Department. PMID: 32594004 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

MedlinePlus at 21: A Website Devoted to Consumer Health Information.
This report is about the consumer health website MedlinePlus.gov. The latter website was created by the U.S. National Library of Medicine and features content produced by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The report provides an overview, origin, content, and possible future evolution of the website. The report also spotlights the specific features of the MedlinePlus health topic on health literacy and discusses the PubMed Topic Specific Query on health literacy. PMID: 32594005 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

How the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Promotes Health Literate Health Care.
This report traces the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) strategic approach to promote health literate health care delivery systems. For almost 15 years, the AHRQ Health Literacy Action Plan has served as the framework for the Agency's efforts to: 1) Develop Measures; 2) Improve the Evidence Base and Create Implementation Tools; 3) Create and Support Change; 4) Disseminate and Transfer Knowledge and Tools; and 5) Practice What We Preach. Drawing upon its core competencies in data and measurement, practice improvement, and health services research, AHRQ accelerated the uptake of evidence-based health ...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

There's a Gap Between Digital Health Information and Users - Let's Close It.
This report explores the current disconnect between online health information and users. The authors provide a summary of practical strategies to address this gap and suggest next steps for further research. PMID: 32594007 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

The FDA's Message Testing: Putting Health Literacy Advice into Practice.
Authors: Duckhorn J, Lappin B, Weinberg J, Zwanziger LL Abstract Acting on health literacy principles in a large agency requires not only knowledge of the research base, but also creative work to implement the concepts in practice. Sound scientific advice needs practical development, shaped for the specific working environment. For example, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) needs to test communications with intended audiences, but must work within constraints including: Widely varied audiences Significant time pressure Complying with multiple reviews designed to protect potential message testers Testing m...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Applying Lessons Learned from CDC's Health Literacy Initiatives.
This report describes health literacy initiatives at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the lessons learned from more than 20 years of commitment to health literacy. Efforts described include CDC's training and tools, the Science Ambassador Fellowship program, and an action plan and report card. The report concludes with recommendations on how to meet the needs of communities and systems. PMID: 32594009 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Preparing a Health Literate Workforce: The Role of Area Health Education Centers.
In this report, we highlight the work of three AHECs. The Massachusetts AHEC trains oral language healthcare interpreters who can effectively convey complex medical information to patients with limited English proficiency (LEP). The University of Kentucky AHEC trains providers to use the Universal Precautions Health Literacy Toolkit. Finally, the Wisconsin AHEC prepares community health workers (CHWs) to play a vital role in making it easy for people to navigate the healthcare system. These three AHECs serve as models of health literacy's diffusion. PMID: 32594010 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Techno...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Section Two Summary: Taking Stock of Health Literacy Practices.
Authors: Baur C Abstract This summary of the brief reports notes common themes, activities, and directions in health literacy practices across diverse settings, organizations, and populations. The summary also discusses how a 'best practices' approach could help build an evidence base, solidify evidence of impact, and advance the use of health literacy techniques. PMID: 32594011 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Reintegrate Empowerment and Health Literacy to Advance Public Health and Healthcare Delivery.
Authors: Smith SA, Carbone ET Abstract Empowerment has been described as a prerequisite for health and the ultimate goal of health literacy in both clinical practice and health promotion. Improving health literacy and empowerment is central to national and international public health and healthcare policies. While initially merged in the construct of critical health literacy, and currently linked without question in policy and discourse, health literacy and empowerment have been dichotomized - treated as two separate fields of study and practice - and partitioned further into condition-based lines of inquiry. Few s...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

K-12 Health Education, Health Communication, and Health Literacy: Strategies to Improve Lifelong Health.
Authors: Allen MP, Auld ME, Zorn ME Abstract To promote a health literate K-12 population, this chapter focuses on intersections of Health Literacy (HL), Health Education (HE) and Health Communication (HC) and urges collaborations among professionals from these disciplines as well as with stakeholders who share their interests and concerns. Core definitions and evolutionary highlights of these disciplines are presented, as well as their intersection and promise of impact on student academic and health outcomes. The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model is used as an example of a framework embraced...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Nurturing Context: TRACE, the Arts, Medical Practice, and Health Literacy.
Authors: Postlethwait R, Ike JD, Parker R Abstract This chapter builds upon prior research on the interconnectedness of context to content as it relates to health and health literacy. The authors focus on the use of the arts as a novel way to engage with and to promote health and health communication. Most published efforts exploring the humanities and health emphasize how healthcare practitioners can enhance their clinical skills, promote wellness, and prevent burnout through engagement with the arts. The current chapter adds how the arts inform us about health, and more broadly, the lessons to be learned from app...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy's Impact On Health Law & Policy.
Health Literacy's Impact On Health Law & Policy. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2020 Jun 25;269:453-480 Authors: Trudeau C Abstract Law and policy are an integral part of any health system, in the U.S. and abroad. This chapter discusses the trend towards incorporating health literacy or patient understanding requirements into the varied laws and policies that impact all parts of healthcare. After reading this chapter, healthcare providers, hospital executives, biomedical researchers, industry sponsors, and public health professionals will better understand the regulatory trend towards health literacy ...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Health Literacy: Global Advances with a Focus Upon the Shanghai Declaration on Promoting Health in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Authors: Pleasant A, O'Leary C, Carmona R Abstract In a steadily growing effort, the world has witnessed more than three decades of effort in research, practice, and policy to socially construct what has been identified as health literacy. While much of the earlier work in health literacy was in the United States, the extent of scholars and practitioners is now truly global. To advance international health literacy, the chapter highlights the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) and a series of international conferences that began in 1980s. More specifically, the chapter outlines World Health Organization's ...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

The Role and Impact of Health Literacy on Peer-to-Peer Health Communication.
Authors: Peterson EB, Chou WS, Rising C, Gaysynsky A Abstract This chapter explores the impact and role of health literacy in peer-to-peer health communication contexts, such as social media platforms and online patient support groups. The chapter contends that health literacy efforts of researchers, health care providers, and public health practitioners will need to include innovative strategies to help consumers critically evaluate and appropriately utilize the health information found in online communities. The chapter first discusses the rise of peer-to-peer sharing of health information and accompanying health...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Will Improvements in Health Journalism Improve Health Literacy?
Authors: Oransky I Abstract Today's health care journalists work in a very different environment than those of yesterday. The demand for stories and broadcasts has grown exponentially, and the resources available have shrunk dramatically. While it may therefore be difficult to see how improvements in health care journalism are possible, let alone a way to improve health care literacy, there is an important connection that, if illuminated, could help both fields. To understand the literature on the quality of health care journalism, it is critical to understand the backgrounds of today's health care journalists and ...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Promoting Convergence Between Health Literacy and Health Communication.
Authors: Kreps GL, Neuhauser L, Sparks L, Labelle S Abstract Health communication and health literacy are complementary areas of study and application. However, the important connections between the work conducted in these two related areas of inquiry do not appear to have always been well understood, nor appreciated, leading to limited integration and coordination between health communication and health literacy inquiry. Part of the problem may be that these two related areas developed from different professional trajectories, with health communication developing primarily from a social science orientation, and he...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Beyond the Bench and Bedside: Health Literacy Is Fundamental to Sustainable Health and Development.
This report synthesizes major developments in health literacy and draws from related disciplines to propose opportunities and future directions to improve health literacy across the lifespan. It introduces the cases of early childhood vaccinations; alcohol intake in adolescence; and dementia care in older adults to demonstrate the need for health literacy across the life course. It also draws on digital health data and technology and multisectoral partnerships to define the future of health literacy. The authors believe these approaches can and will lead to unlikely collaborations that advance health and well-being through...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Integrated Measures of Health Literacy, Language Access, and Cultural Competency Would Improve Health Care Quality and Value.
Authors: Bau I Abstract Improving health care quality and value requires increased attention to patient and family-centeredness as well as care equity. Although health literacy, language access, and cultural competency have been perceived as separate constructs. each represents a dimension of patient and family-centeredness and care equity. Developing and using integrated measures of health literacy, language access, and cultural competency could provide a viable strategy to improve patient and family-centeredness and equity in health care. While there are challenges to the development and use of integrated measure...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Summary and Comments About Section Three.
Authors: Logan RA Abstract The chapters in section three of the book address health literacy's capacity to foster progress in: multidisciplinary research and practice; clinical care; public health; institutional accountability; and social progress. Unlike sections one and two, section three contains only chapters and it focuses on research or multidisciplinary health literacy practice opportunities. In contrast to the other sections, section three's emphasis is on research and the section is written more for current and future researchers in diverse areas where there is potential to integrate more health literacy (...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - July 2, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Improved Tracking of Muscle Tendon Junctions in Ultrasound Images Using Speckle Reduction.
In this study, we use a semi-automatic tracking method based on image segmentation and investigate how tracking accuracy can be improved using a sticks filter. We demonstrate that a speckle reduction decreases the root-mean-square error of the tracking result by up to 78.1%, depending on the chosen window size of the sticks filter. PMID: 32578534 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - June 26, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Modeling External Stimulation of Excitable Cells Using a Novel Light-Activated Organic Semiconductor Technology.
Authors: Stoppacher S, Scheruebel S, Üçal M, Kornmüller K, Głowacki E, Schindl R, Shrestha N, Schmidt T, Baumgartner C, Rienmüller T Abstract Optoelectronic neurostimulation is a promising, minimally invasive treatment modality for neuronal damage, in particular for patients with traumatic brain injury. In this work, a newly developed optoelectronic device, a so-called photocap, based on light-activated organic semiconductor structures with high spatial and temporal resolution is investigated. To prove and verify the feasibility of this new technology, a mathematical model was developed, simu...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - June 26, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Reusing Data of an EU-Wide EHR System for Clinical Trials: A Capabilities Analysis.
Authors: Kankova B, Duftschmid G Abstract Conduction of clinical trials may benefit from the reuse of EHR data. The upcoming EHR system eHDSI provides data exchange between European countries and thus represents an attractive data source for multinational trials. In this paper we analyze to what extent eHDSI could provide data relevant for trials with a focus on patient recruitment. Data elements identified in the EHR4CR project to be frequently used in trials were mapped to the HL7 templates of the eHDSI document types using the open source tool ART-DECOR. From the 149 EHR4CR data elements, 44 (30%) could be mappe...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - June 26, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Encoding of Numerical Data for Privacy-Preserving Record Linkage.
CONCLUSION: Numerical encoding has the potential of increasing the record linkage quality of Bloom filters, as well as their privacy level. PMID: 32578537 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - June 26, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Multivariable Risk Prediction of Dysphagia in Hospitalized Patients Using Machine Learning.
CONCLUSION: The developed models outperformed previously published models predicting dysphagia. In future, an implementation in the clinical workflow is needed to determine the clinical benefit. PMID: 32578538 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics)
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - June 26, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research

Identification and Quantification of Oxidized Lipids in LC-MS Lipidomics Data.
Authors: Krettler CA, Hartler J, Thallinger GG Abstract Changes in lipid homeostasis can lead to a plethora of diseases, raising the importance of reliable identification and measurement of lipids enabled by bioinformatics tools. However, due to the enormous diversity of lipids, most contemporary tools cover only a marginal range of lipid classes. To reduce such a shortcoming, this work extends the lipid species covered by Lipid Data Analyzer (LDA) to galactolipids and oxidized lipids. Appropriate mass lists were generated for MS1 identifications and the proprietary decision rule sets were extended for MS2 identifi...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - June 26, 2020 Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research