A Spatial Panel Analysis of Food Security and Political Risk in Asian Countries
AbstractFood security and its determinants are being targeted at various levels, i.e., individual, household, national, and regional levels. Our study contributes by two ways. First, it explores the role of political risk indicators along with other important factors in the food security of 35 Asian countries. Second, spatial effects are also considered while determining the factors affecting food security at the regional level. Spatial panel models are estimated using panel data of 35 countries ranging from 2000 to 2018. The significance of spatial effects is established by employing various diagnostic tests, and hence, d...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Financial Shocks and Financial Well-Being: What Builds Resiliency in Lower-Income Households?
AbstractHouseholds in the U.S. regularly experience unexpected negative income or expense shocks, and low- and moderate-income households experience these shocks at disproportionately high rates. Relatively little is known about the impact these shocks have on households ’ subjective sense of financial well-being, and how access to different types of liquidity (e.g., liquid assets, credit cards, social resources, and income flows) can mitigate the impact of these shocks on subjective financial well-being. To address these gaps in the literature, this paper uses da ta from a two-wave survey administered to 3,911 low- ...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Mid-Life Dip in Well-Being: a Critique
AbstractA number of studies —including our own—find a mid-life dip in well-being. Yet several papers in the psychology literature claim that the evidence of a U-shape is"overblown" and if there is such a thing that any such decline is"trivial". Others have claimed that the evidence of a U-shape"is not as robust and generalizable as is often assumed," or simply"wrong." We identify 409 studies, mostly published in peer reviewed journals that find U-shapes that these researchers apparently were unaware of. We use data for Europe from the Eurobarometer Surveys (EB), 1980 &nda...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Reference Point-Based Proposal to Build Regional Quality of Life Composite Indicators
AbstractThere is a growing interest in research on the role that space plays in defining and measuring well-being or quality of life. In this paper, we propose to evaluate the regional quality of life using the Multi-Reference Point based Weak Strong Composite Indicator approach, to further enhance the quality of the sub-national analysis. The major motivation is to facilitate assessing the regional quality of life performance at different geographical scales and compensability levels. As an example of application, we compute the composite indicators for 19 Spanish regions to paint a comprehensive picture of the regional q...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Impact Assessment: A Systematic Review of Literature
This article contributes to the literature by giving the researcher an insight into the current state of art, trends, categories within the field, and future lines of research. (Source: Social Indicators Research)
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Empirical Validation Method for Narrowing the Range of Poverty Thresholds
AbstractDetermining the threshold separating poor from non-poor populations is one of the most influential choices when measuring poverty. Commonly used selection criteria leave considerable room for discretion or are not appropriate as academic standards. This vacuum in academic guidance leads to arbitrary and/or ideologically driven choices. This can greatly influence the measurement of a societal phenomenon, and thus research and public policy decisions over a period that extends well beyond the mandate of those making that threshold decision. This paper sets out an empirical validation method that contributes to reduci...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Global Financial Crisis and Healthcare Inequality in Japan
AbstractThe aim of this study is to clarify whether health-care inequality in Japan widens during a depression, even though Japan has a universal health-care system. To this end, we investigate the time-series fluctuations in health-care expenditure inequalities in Japan for the period 2008 –2017, which includes the period during which the global financial crisis affected Japan. We construct an economy-wide inequality index comparing the actual health-care expenditure at various income levels (low, middle and high) against the estimated health-care needs. The findings of the study ar e as follows. First, the rich (th...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Impact Assessment: A Systematic Review of Literature
This article contributes to the literature by giving the researcher an insight into the current state of art, trends, categories within the field, and future lines of research. (Source: Social Indicators Research)
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Empirical Validation Method for Narrowing the Range of Poverty Thresholds
AbstractDetermining the threshold separating poor from non-poor populations is one of the most influential choices when measuring poverty. Commonly used selection criteria leave considerable room for discretion or are not appropriate as academic standards. This vacuum in academic guidance leads to arbitrary and/or ideologically driven choices. This can greatly influence the measurement of a societal phenomenon, and thus research and public policy decisions over a period that extends well beyond the mandate of those making that threshold decision. This paper sets out an empirical validation method that contributes to reduci...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Global Financial Crisis and Healthcare Inequality in Japan
AbstractThe aim of this study is to clarify whether health-care inequality in Japan widens during a depression, even though Japan has a universal health-care system. To this end, we investigate the time-series fluctuations in health-care expenditure inequalities in Japan for the period 2008 –2017, which includes the period during which the global financial crisis affected Japan. We construct an economy-wide inequality index comparing the actual health-care expenditure at various income levels (low, middle and high) against the estimated health-care needs. The findings of the study ar e as follows. First, the rich (th...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

‘Genuine’ or ‘Quasi’ Self-Employment: Who Can Tell?
AbstractIn many industrialised countries, including the Netherlands, the share of solo self-employed workers has strongly increased in recent years. This development is subject to a lot of public debate as it is feared that this increase is caused by ‘quasi’ self-employment. There still seems to be little consensus, however, on what constitutes ‘genuine’ self-employment and what not. In this article we present a theoretical framework for ‘quasi’ solo self-employment and discuss how the various indicators for ‘quasi’ self-employme nt that are used in the literature fit in this...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Demographic Window of Opportunity and Economic Growth at Sub-National Level in 91 Developing Countries
AbstractData for low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) are used to investigate the effect of the demographic transition on economic growth at sub-national level. We introduce a detailed classification of demographic window phases, determine how these phases are distributed among and within LMICs, and analyze the relationship between the demographic window of opportunity (DWO) and economic growth for 1921 urban and rural areas of sub-national regions within 91 LMICs. Many areas in Asia, Latin America and the Middle East have entered the window, but most of Sub-Saharan Africa is still in the traditional or pre-window pha...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relative Spatial Poverty Within Guizhou Province, A Multidimensional Approach
AbstractExamining the poverty supervision evaluation index system and the dynamic characteristics of spatiotemporal interaction of poverty among regions are essential the investigation of regional sustainable poverty reduction. Despite some research on anti-poverty issues and gathering even more practical results, insufficient research on regional poverty persists, primarily because some studies lack geographic analysis and focus more on socioeconomic reasons and emergencies. Based on the composite ecosystem, this study aims to introduce a multidimensional poverty index (MPI) system, which considers people as the main body...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Design and Application of an Area-Level Suicide Risk Index with Spatial Correlation
In this study, we design a novel model-based Suicide Risk Index to assess and identify area-level suicide risk. We construct a Bayesian Spatial Factor Analysis model, treating suicide risk as an underlying latent factor that manifests through multiple observable variables. Our method is applied to county-level data from multiple sources in Florida and Georgia. We utilize 14 manifest variables classified into three dimensions: “suicidal behavior”, “mental illness”, and “substance abuse.” The posterior means and 95% credible intervals of the model-based SRI ranks are estimated. Our results...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Living with Reduced Income: An Analysis of Household Financial Vulnerability Under COVID-19
AbstractThe COVID-19 crisis has led to substantial reductions in earnings. We propose a new measure of financial vulnerability, computable through survey data, to determine whether households can withstand a certain income shock for a defined period of time. Using data from the ECB Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) we analyse financial vulnerability in seven EU countries. We find that, out of the 243 million individuals considered, 47 million are vulnerable to a three month long income shock (the average length of the first wave COVID-19 lockdown), i.e., they cannot afford food and housing expenses for three ...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Commuting Time Patterns of Dual-Earner Couples in Korea
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to put light on the gendered pattern of commuting time of dual-earner couples in Korea by looking into the motivators behind a wife's choice of a  longer commute than her husband. In doing so, I estimated commuting hours of 1,266 married dual-income couples with a child from a total of 2,103 time diaries written by them on work days. Time diaries were extracted from the 2014 Korean Time Use Survey data. Analytic results revealed the followin g. First, the gendered pattern of commuting time was observed with a wife spending 26 min less than her husband daily, and her commuting ...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Data Science and Its Applications to Social Research
(Source: Social Indicators Research)
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Living with Reduced Income: An Analysis of Household Financial Vulnerability Under COVID-19
AbstractThe COVID-19 crisis has led to substantial reductions in earnings. We propose a new measure of financial vulnerability, computable through survey data, to determine whether households can withstand a certain income shock for a defined period of time. Using data from the ECB Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) we analyse financial vulnerability in seven EU countries. We find that, out of the 243 million individuals considered, 47 million are vulnerable to a three month long income shock (the average length of the first wave COVID-19 lockdown), i.e., they cannot afford food and housing expenses for three ...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Commuting Time Patterns of Dual-Earner Couples in Korea
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to put light on the gendered pattern of commuting time of dual-earner couples in Korea by looking into the motivators behind a wife's choice of a  longer commute than her husband. In doing so, I estimated commuting hours of 1,266 married dual-income couples with a child from a total of 2,103 time diaries written by them on work days. Time diaries were extracted from the 2014 Korean Time Use Survey data. Analytic results revealed the followin g. First, the gendered pattern of commuting time was observed with a wife spending 26 min less than her husband daily, and her commuting ...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Data Science and Its Applications to Social Research
(Source: Social Indicators Research)
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Design and Application of an Area-Level Suicide Risk Index with Spatial Correlation
In this study, we design a novel model-based Suicide Risk Index to assess and identify area-level suicide risk. We construct a Bayesian Spatial Factor Analysis model, treating suicide risk as an underlying latent factor that manifests through multiple observable variables. Our method is applied to county-level data from multiple sources in Florida and Georgia. We utilize 14 manifest variables classified into three dimensions: “suicidal behavior”, “mental illness”, and “substance abuse.” The posterior means and 95% credible intervals of the model-based SRI ranks are estimated. Our results...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spatial Mismatch, Different Labor Markets and Precarious Employment: The Case of Hong Kong
AbstractSpatial mismatch theory argues that geographic barriers have significant adverse effects on (un)employment, especially with respect to disadvantaged workers. Existing debates on spatial mismatch have focused on its influence on unemployment, but few studies have paid attention to the impact of spatial factors on increasingly precarious employment in today ’s labor market. Using data from four waves of the Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD), the 2011 Population Census and the 2016 Population By-census, this study aims to investigate the effects of spatial mismatch on precarious employment in the...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Urbanization and Industrialization on Income Inequality: An Analysis Based on the Method of Moments Quantile Regression
In this study, we investigate the effects of urbanization and industrialization on income inequality within the Kuznets curve hypothesis in low-, middle- and high- income countries over the period 1990 –2014. Using the method of moments quantile regression (MMQR), the study finds out mixed results about the distributional effects of both urbanization and industrialization within the three panels. In high-income countries (HIC), urbanization increases inequality from the third quantile, while ind ustrialization reduces inequality in most low and middle quantiles and becomes insignificant in the higher quantiles. In th...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trajectories of Labor Market Inequalities and Health Among Employees in Korea: Multichannel Sequence Analysis
This study takes a holistic approach to understanding labor market trajectories in terms of employment security among wage-earners using a multichannel sequence. Five clusters were found:Secured insider,moderate insiders,vulnerable outsider, precarious workers, andsecured labor status but limited income. The findings suggest that labor market inequalities are negatively associated with health outcomes, particularly in the health of the disadvantaged group relative to labor market insiders. Vulnerable outsiders report lower odds of optimal health as well as precarious workers relative to secured insiders. However, the diffe...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Great Recession Index: A Place-based Indicator for Countries, States, and Metropolitan Areas
AbstractThe Great Recession (GR) of 2007 –2009 marked the most devastating economic downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s, and its consequences dramatically changed almost every aspect of social life. This research introduces the Great Recession Index (GRI), a place-based composite measure that captures the multidimensional na ture of the GR. The GRI can be used to examine macro-level outcomes and is especially well-suited for examining the spatial variation and longterm effects of the GR. The GRI is adaptable to a variety of geospatial units of analysis, and in this article, we develop measures for countr...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Urbanization and Industrialization on Income Inequality: An Analysis Based on the Method of Moments Quantile Regression
In this study, we investigate the effects of urbanization and industrialization on income inequality within the Kuznets curve hypothesis in low-, middle- and high- income countries over the period 1990 –2014. Using the method of moments quantile regression (MMQR), the study finds out mixed results about the distributional effects of both urbanization and industrialization within the three panels. In high-income countries (HIC), urbanization increases inequality from the third quantile, while ind ustrialization reduces inequality in most low and middle quantiles and becomes insignificant in the higher quantiles. In th...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trajectories of Labor Market Inequalities and Health Among Employees in Korea: Multichannel Sequence Analysis
This study takes a holistic approach to understanding labor market trajectories in terms of employment security among wage-earners using a multichannel sequence. Five clusters were found:Secured insider,moderate insiders,vulnerable outsider, precarious workers, andsecured labor status but limited income. The findings suggest that labor market inequalities are negatively associated with health outcomes, particularly in the health of the disadvantaged group relative to labor market insiders. Vulnerable outsiders report lower odds of optimal health as well as precarious workers relative to secured insiders. However, the diffe...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Great Recession Index: A Place-based Indicator for Countries, States, and Metropolitan Areas
AbstractThe Great Recession (GR) of 2007 –2009 marked the most devastating economic downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s, and its consequences dramatically changed almost every aspect of social life. This research introduces the Great Recession Index (GRI), a place-based composite measure that captures the multidimensional na ture of the GR. The GRI can be used to examine macro-level outcomes and is especially well-suited for examining the spatial variation and longterm effects of the GR. The GRI is adaptable to a variety of geospatial units of analysis, and in this article, we develop measures for countr...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Modelling Two Dimensions of Poverty in Selected Developing Countries: The Impact of Fossil Fuel Subsidies
AbstractPoverty has remained one of the key challenges facing humanity, especially in developing countries. In a bid to deepen our understanding of poverty, numerous attempts have been made in the literature to examine the determinants of poverty with several variables introduced in the estimation process. However, the role of fossil fuel subsidies has not been adequately examined in the literature. Recently, fossil fuel subsidies have risen in developing countries and one of the justifications of such an increase is that it leads to poverty reduction. The purpose of this study is to examine the factors affecting both inco...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spatial Patterns and Determinants of Village Abandonment in the Mountainous Areas of China
AbstractThe phenomenon of village abandonment has occurred during the past decades as an extreme result of rural migration in many developing countries. It has brought about many socio-economic and environmental problems, such as farmland abandonment, decapitalization of properties, rural economic stagnation or decline, disappearance of rural settlements, secondary vegetation succession, landscape homogenization and increasing risks of wild fires. Village abandonment has been happening widely in mountainous areas of China in response to increasing urbanization and industrialization. But the spatial patterns and determinant...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What We (Don't) Know so Far About Tolerance Towards Corruption in European Democracies: Measurement Approaches, Determinants, and Types
AbstractCross-national survey data shows that for a significant share of European citizens, corruption is acceptable. Notwithstanding the importance of prior knowledge on corruption extension and experience, research has made little progress in exploring why people condone it, especially in unsuspicious countries, with effective institutions and stable democratic rules and processes. The present study examines this gap in the literature by assessing theEuropean Values Study (EVS) and theSpecial Eurobarometer (EB) attempts at measuring ‘Tolerance towards Corruption’ (TtC) in OECD countries in Europe during the s...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Composite Indicators to Measure Quality of Working Life in Europe: A Systematic Review
AbstractIn the last two decades, Quality of Working Life (QWL) has become a core element of the European social model and the European Employment Strategy. “More and better jobs” is a strategic goal promoted within Europe for emphasising the attention in QWL. However, there is a large debate in the literature on the definition of QWL, its dimensions, and consequently on the methods to use for its measurement. To the best of our knowledge, the syste matic reviews currently available in the literature on QWL measurement in European organisations investigate only a particular industry and/or working population. Mo...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Between-Group Inequality Through Alternative Measures of Grouping: An Indian Evidence
AbstractConventionally the ratio of observed between-group inequality to the overall inequality is used to examine the contribution of between-group inequality to total inequality. It is also widely used for defining the relative importance of alternative types of grouping. This conventional statistic is criticized by some scholars on the ground of comparability and extreme benchmark. They have proposed an alternative measure and suggest using this measure as a complementary instrument to the former for examining the relative importance of different types of grouping in any country setting. However, they have not suggested...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Altruism and the Statistical Value of Human Life for Policy and Regulation
AbstractPolicymakers use estimates of the Value of a Statistical Life (VSL) in performing regulatory reviews to assess the benefits and costs of policies that affect mortality. This paper empirically estimates an adjustment to conventional VSL measures to account for altruistic sentiments and concludes that conventional VSL measures are underestimated by a factor of two to three, suggesting we are greatly undervaluing life in regulatory reviews. This conclusion is attained by estimating the VSL multiplier suggested by Jones-Lee (Econ J 102(410):80 –90, 1992), which hinges on assessing whether individuals are more hea...
Source: Social Indicators Research - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Climbing up the Ladder and Watching Out for the Fall: Poverty Dynamics in Rural Bangladesh
AbstractThis paper analyses poverty dynamics in rural Bangladesh using a nationally representative panel dataset of 5,020 rural households interviewed in 2011/12, 2015, and 2019. Findings show that education, savings, assets, international remittance, non-farm employment, substantial safety net transfers, and women ’s empowerment are key factors in breaking chronic and transient poverty. Rural infrastructure development and market access through improved connectivity are also critical for sustained poverty alleviation. On the other hand, woman-headed households (widowed, divorced or abandoned) are found to b e partic...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Integration of Second Generation Students in the Italian School System
AbstractCultural divides and prejudice complicate the processes of integration and acculturation of migrant families living in a foreign country. Evaluating the impact of such phenomenon can be crucial for social stability and policy making. In this context, the education system has a leading role in fostering and attaining social integration, in particular when it comes to younger sections of the migrant population. In this work, we propose a method for the construction of a quantitative indicator capturing social integration of second generation students in the Italian school system according to areas defined by national...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Public Health, Democracy, and Transition: Global Evidence and Post-Communism
AbstractDemocracy is generally associated with governmental accountability, better public policy choices and public health. However, there is limited evidence about how political regimetransition impacts public health. We use two samples of the states around the world to trace the impact of regime transition on public health: the first sample comprises 29 post-communist states, along with 20 consolidated democracies, for the period of 1970 –2014; the second sample is a subsample of the same 29 post-communist states but only for the period of transition, 1990–2014. We find that the post-communist states experien...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does R & amp;D Expenditure Boost Economic Growth in Lagging Regions?
AbstractWe assess the impact of the EU Regional Policy on regional economic growth by applying a new evaluation strategy, which integrates mediation analysis with a quasi-experimental framework. Using the R&D expenditure as an indicator of innovation capability, we evaluate how much of the total effect of the EU Regional Policy is due to R&D in the poorest EU regions. Consistently with the previous literature, we found a positive impact of the overall policy on economic growth, but, among the convergence regions, those investing a higher proportion of funds in R&D have the same convergence rate as regions inves...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Independent or Dependent? European Labour Statistics and Their (In)ability to Identify Forms of Dependency in Self-employment
This article analyses the emergent methodologies used in European comparative labour statistics to identify forms of dependency in self-employment. Using the 6th wave of the 2015 European Working Condition Survey and the 2017 ad hoc module on self-employment from the European Labour Force Survey, this article discusses how the representation of dependent self-employment changes by adopting a different operationalization of economic and operational dependency. Findings show how different indicators of dependency change the representation of self-employment in different economic sectors, affecting our understanding of the tr...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Best Years of Older Europeans ’ Lives
AbstractThis paper offers new evidence on the life-cycle pattern of happiness. A novelty of the analysis is that it exploits information on the period individuals recall as the happiest in their lives. Data come from SHARELIFE  2008/09, a retrospective life survey conducted in 13 European countries among individuals aged 50 or more. Using this information, I build a longitudinal data set that extends across the whole lifespan of respondents. The probability of living a happiest year in life at each age is estimated throu gh a conditional fixed effects logit model. Results show that the likelihood of living the happies...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Individuals ’ Financial Satisfaction and National Priority: A Global Perspective
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to examine the association between financial satisfaction and individuals ’ preferences for various national priorities (including economic growth, national defense, freedom of speech, and having a beautiful nation). Using the sixth wave of World Value Survey (2010–2014) data for 60 countries, our Probit regression analyses show a positive and significant relationship between individuals’ financial satisfaction and individuals’ preferences for freedom of speech and having a beautiful nation. We also find that financial satisfaction is negatively associated with t...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Values Change and Support for Democracy in East Asia
This study used four rounds of Asian Barometer Survey (ABS) datasets (spanning 2001 –2016) to empirically examine the effects of Asian values on citizens’ support for democracy in four East Asian societies—mainland China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan—based on the theoretical distinction between the private and political spheres in which Asian values operate. The analysis produced three major findings. First, no remarkable gap exists between the citizens of China and those of other East Asian societies in terms of Asian values in the private sphere. However, Asian values in the political sphere are...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Differences in Parents ’ Attitudes Toward Spanking Across Socioeconomic Status and Region, 1986–2016
AbstractThis paper explores whether and how parents ’ attitudes toward the spanking of children have changed over the last 30 years, a period when parents’ use of corporal punishment declined precipitously in the U.S. We compare these trends across parents’ socioeconomic status (SES) and region of the country to identify whether shifts in atti tudes toward these practices parallel documented shifts in their use by SES and region. We draw data from the General Social Surveys (GSS) from 1986 through 2016, which asked respondents how much they agree children sometimes need “a good, hard spanking.&...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Day After the Bomb: Well-Being Effects of Terrorist Attacks in Europe
AbstractWe study the non-monetary costs of terrorist attacks in France, Belgium and Germany between 2010 and 2017. Using four waves of the European Social Survey, we find that individual well-being is significantly reduced in the aftermath of a terrorist attack. We explore possible mechanisms, finding that terrorist attacks are negatively correlated with generalized trust, institutional trust, satisfaction with democracy and satisfaction with the government. Terrorist attacks are also found to be positively correlated with negative attitudes towards migrants and perceived discrimination. Contrary to expectations, the negat...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research