A Comparative Study of Auditory-Perceptual Speech Measures for the Early Detection of Mild Speech Impairments.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:  The aim of the study was to compare transcription-based speech intelligibility and scaled speech severity for the detection of mild speech impairments, by studying these metrics across talkers with Parkinson's disease (PD), age- and sex-matched older adults, and younger adults. An additional aim was to determine the impact of listener experience on these clinical measures. METHODS:  Fifteen speakers from each experimental group were asked to read aloud 11 randomly generated sentences from the Speech Intelligibility Test at their typical speaking rate and loudness. T...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kuruvilla-Dugdale M, Threlkeld K, Salazar M, Nolan G, Heidrick L Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Moving Beyond Traditional Understandings of Evidence-Based Practice: A Total Evidence and Knowledge Approach (TEKA) to Treatment Evaluation and Clinical Decision Making in Speech-Language Pathology.
Abstract Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-established framework for supporting clinical decision making in the discipline of speech-language pathology. The benefits of using evidence to inform clinical practice are acknowledged by clinicians and researchers alike. Even so, after over two decades of EBP advocacy, much clinical uncertainty remains and models supporting the evaluation of interventions require review and reconsideration. The EBP model, while promoting positive principles, can be argued to be conceptually flawed because it suffers from a lack of attention to and explicit valuing of other forms o...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McCurtin A, Murphy CA, Roddam H Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Moving Beyond Traditional Understandings of Evidence-Based Practice: A Total Evidence and Knowledge Approach (TEKA) to Treatment Evaluation and Clinical Decision Making in Speech-Language Pathology
Semin Speech Lang DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1694996Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-established framework for supporting clinical decision making in the discipline of speech-language pathology. The benefits of using evidence to inform clinical practice are acknowledged by clinicians and researchers alike. Even so, after over two decades of EBP advocacy, much clinical uncertainty remains and models supporting the evaluation of interventions require review and reconsideration. The EBP model, while promoting positive principles, can be argued to be conceptually flawed because it suffers from a lack of attention to and explic...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McCurtin, Arlene Murphy, Carol-Anne Roddam, Hazel Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

A Comparative Study of Auditory-Perceptual Speech Measures for the Early Detection of Mild Speech Impairments
Semin Speech Lang DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1694997 Background and Purpose The aim of the study was to compare transcription-based speech intelligibility and scaled speech severity for the detection of mild speech impairments, by studying these metrics across talkers with Parkinson's disease (PD), age- and sex-matched older adults, and younger adults. An additional aim was to determine the impact of listener experience on these clinical measures. Methods Fifteen speakers from each experimental group were asked to read aloud 11 randomly generated sentences from the Speech Intelligibility Test at their typical spea...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Mili Threlkeld, Katie Salazar, Mary Nolan, Gwen Heidrick, Lindsey Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Variability of Executive Function Performance in Preschoolers with Developmental Language Disorder.
Abstract Although results vary across individual studies, a large body of evidence suggests that children with developmental language disorder (DLD) have domain-general deficits in executive function compared with peers with typically developing language. Poorer performance for children with DLD has been reported on verbal and nonverbal measures of sustained selective attention, working memory, inhibition, and shifting. However, examination of the variability of task scores among both children with and without DLD reveals a wide range of executive function performance for both groups. Additionally, using executive...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kapa LL, Erikson JA Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Cognitive Control along the Language Spectrum: From the Typical Bilingual Child to Language Impairment.
Abstract Cognitive control refers to the ability to perform goal-directed behaviors in the presence of other compelling actions or in the face of habitual practices. Cognitive control functions play a critical role in children's language processing and literacy development. In recent years, many clinicians have expanded their assessment and treatment to target specific cognitive skills. Our goal is to provide a review of recent findings on cognitive control functions in children with different language status (i.e., monolingual and bilingual children with and without language impairment). While children with langu...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marton K, Gehebe T, Pazuelo L Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Redmond (2002) Revisited: Have Standardized Behavioral Rating Scales Gotten Better at Accommodating for Overlapping Symptoms with Language Impairment?
Abstract Seventeen years ago, Redmond reviewed five standardized behavioral rating scales and identified several aspects of their design that made them prone to mischaracterize language impairments as socioemotional behavioral disorders. The purpose of this report is to provide an update and extension of the original audit. We consulted test manuals to evaluate: (1) representation of children with language impairments in their standardization samples; (2) presence of language, or academic items within their inventories; (3) accommodations for administering the measure to children with language impairments; and (4)...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Redmond SM, Hannig KM, Wilder A Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

A Review of Language, Executive Function, and Intervention in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Difficulties with both executive functions and language skills are common but variable in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive functions and language skills are related to one another, such that vocabulary, syntax, and pragmatics are related to domains of working memory, shifting, and inhibition in ASD, although the directionality of these relationships remains unclear. Moreover, interventions that target pragmatic ability have been found to improve executive function skills, and conversely, executive function interventions are linked with improvements in social skills in children with ASD. We review...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Friedman L, Sterling A Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

The Role of Executive Function in Developmental Stuttering.
Abstract Developmental stuttering is a complex disorder and children who stutter form a heterogeneous group. Most contemporary researchers would agree that multiple factors, including those associated with linguistic, motor, sensory, and emotional processes, are likely involved in its development and/or maintenance. There is growing evidence, however, that cognitive processes also play a role. In this article, we briefly review behavioral and parent-report studies of executive function in children who stutter, the findings of which have generally suggested that these skills may be challenging for at least some chi...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Anderson JD, Ofoe LC Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Designing Developmentally Sensitive AAC Technologies for Young Children with Complex Communication Needs: Considerations of Communication, Working Memory, Attention, Motor Skills, and Sensory-Perception.
This article provides an overview of specific, early developmental milestones in communication, cognition (i.e., attention and working memory), motor skills, and sensory-perception (including visual attention) that influence decisions regarding AAC system design for young children. Developmental considerations are also reviewed for young children with Down's syndrome, a group that often benefits from early provision of AAC. Based on developmental theory and milestones, specific recommendations are provided for the design of developmentally sensitive AAC technologies for young children who are beginning communicators. ...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: O'Neill T, Wilkinson KM Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Designing Developmentally Sensitive AAC Technologies for Young Children with Complex Communication Needs: Considerations of Communication, Working Memory, Attention, Motor Skills, and Sensory-Perception
This article provides an overview of specific, early developmental milestones in communication, cognition (i.e., attention and working memory), motor skills, and sensory-perception (including visual attention) that influence decisions regarding AAC system design for young children. Developmental considerations are also reviewed for young children with Down's syndrome, a group that often benefits from early provision of AAC. Based on developmental theory and milestones, specific recommendations are provided for the design of developmentally sensitive AAC technologies for young children who are beginning communicators. [...]...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: O'Neill, Tara Wilkinson, Krista M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Role of Executive Function in Developmental Stuttering
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 305-319 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692965Developmental stuttering is a complex disorder and children who stutter form a heterogeneous group. Most contemporary researchers would agree that multiple factors, including those associated with linguistic, motor, sensory, and emotional processes, are likely involved in its development and/or maintenance. There is growing evidence, however, that cognitive processes also play a role. In this article, we briefly review behavioral and parent-report studies of executive function in children who stutter, the findings of which have generally suggested that these sk...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Anderson, Julie D. Ofoe, Levi C. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

A Review of Language, Executive Function, and Intervention in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 291-304 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692964Difficulties with both executive functions and language skills are common but variable in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive functions and language skills are related to one another, such that vocabulary, syntax, and pragmatics are related to domains of working memory, shifting, and inhibition in ASD, although the directionality of these relationships remains unclear. Moreover, interventions that target pragmatic ability have been found to improve executive function skills, and conversely, executive function interventions are linked with improvements in ...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Friedman, Laura Sterling, Audra Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Redmond (2002) Revisited: Have Standardized Behavioral Rating Scales Gotten Better at Accommodating for Overlapping Symptoms with Language Impairment?
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 272-290 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692963Seventeen years ago, Redmond reviewed five standardized behavioral rating scales and identified several aspects of their design that made them prone to mischaracterize language impairments as socioemotional behavioral disorders. The purpose of this report is to provide an update and extension of the original audit. We consulted test manuals to evaluate: (1) representation of children with language impairments in their standardization samples; (2) presence of language, or academic items within their inventories; (3) accommodations for administering the measure t...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Redmond, Sean M. Hannig, Kirsten M. Wilder, Amy Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Cognitive Control along the Language Spectrum: From the Typical Bilingual Child to Language Impairment
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 256-271 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692962Cognitive control refers to the ability to perform goal-directed behaviors in the presence of other compelling actions or in the face of habitual practices. Cognitive control functions play a critical role in children's language processing and literacy development. In recent years, many clinicians have expanded their assessment and treatment to target specific cognitive skills. Our goal is to provide a review of recent findings on cognitive control functions in children with different language status (i.e., monolingual and bilingual children with and without la...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marton, Klara Gehebe, Thorfun Pazuelo, Lia Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Variability of Executive Function Performance in Preschoolers with Developmental Language Disorder
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 243-255 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692723Although results vary across individual studies, a large body of evidence suggests that children with developmental language disorder (DLD) have domain-general deficits in executive function compared with peers with typically developing language. Poorer performance for children with DLD has been reported on verbal and nonverbal measures of sustained selective attention, working memory, inhibition, and shifting. However, examination of the variability of task scores among both children with and without DLD reveals a wide range of executive function performance f...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kapa, Leah L. Erikson, Jessie A. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Self-Assessment Questions
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: C1-C9 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692981 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - July 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Self-Study Program Source Type: research

Presbyphagia to Dysphagia: Multiple Perspectives and Strategies for Quality Care of Older Adults
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 227-242 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688837The aging population is rapidly growing, requiring speech–language pathologists to better manage a caseload that includes older adults who have a variety of needs. The purpose of this review is to summarize and discuss the current available evidence that will allow speech–language pathologists to make informed clinical decisions when working with older adults. To facilitate this, this article first establishes an understanding of both normal and disordered swallowing physiology in older adults, including how to differentiate between functional chang...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Namasivayam-MacDonald, Ashwini M. Riquelme, Luis F. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making with Head and Neck Cancer Patients with Dysphagia
This article provides a framework for decision making in the surgical and nonsurgical patient with head and neck cancer. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Starmer, Heather Edwards, Jeffrey Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Management of Dysphagia in Acquired and Progressive Neurologic Conditions
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 203-212 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688981As the act of deglutition involves much of the central and peripheral nervous systems, neurologic disease can affect swallowing behaviors ranging from mild to profound in severity. The key in working with neurogenic dysphagia is to have a solid foundation in normal swallowing processes, including neural control. Within this framework, then, understanding how the neurologic condition affects neural control will guide hypothesis-based assessment and evidence-based treatment. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of evaluation and treatment of neur...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ciucci, Michelle Hoffmeister, Jesse Wheeler-Hegland, Karen Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making in Patients with Stroke-Related Dysphagia
This article aims to highlight stroke considerations in the evaluation and management of dysphagia. Although dysphagia was previously thought to occur only following brainstem or bilateral cortical strokes, the development of brain imaging and dynamic swallowing studies has revealed small, unilateral supratentorial strokes can produce dysphagia. In this article, screening, evaluation, and management of dysphagia are outlined, as well as the clinical decision making that occurs when taking into account cognitive and communication deficits that may be present. For the clinical swallow examination, chart review, interview, in...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Felix, Cecilia C. Joseph, Megan E. Daniels, Stephanie K. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making in the ICU: Dysphagia Screening, Assessment, and Treatment
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 170-187 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688980Clinicians often perceive the intensive care unit as among the most intimidating environments in patient care. With the proper training, acquisition of skill, and approach to clinical care, feelings of intimidation may be overcome with the great rewards this level of care has to offer. This review—spanning the ages of birth to senescence and covering oral/nasal endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy—presents a clinically relevant, directly applicable review of screening, assessment, and treatment of dysphagia in the patients who are critically ill...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brodsky, Martin B. Mayfield, Emily B. Gross, Roxann Diez Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Complexity of Clinical Decision Making: Consent, Capacity, and Ethics
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 162-169 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688838Speech–language pathologists (SLPs), and really their patients, are often faced with challenging clinical decisions to be made. Patients may decline interventions recommended by the SLP and are often inappropriately labeled “noncompliant.” The inappropriateness of this label extends beyond the negative charge; the patient's right to refuse is, in fact, protected by law. Anecdotal exchanges, social media platforms, and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association forums have recently revealed that many SLPs are struggling with the patient's rig...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Askren, Annette Leslie, Paula Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Supporting the Development of Clinical Reasoning of Preprofessional Novices in Dysphagia Management
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 151-161 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688814Proficient clinical reasoning is a critical skill in high-quality, evidence-based management of swallowing impairment (dysphagia). Clinical reasoning in this area of practice is a cognitively complex process, as it requires synthesis of multiple sources of information that are generated during a thorough, evidence-based assessment process and which are moderated by the patient's individual situations, including their social and demographic circumstances, comorbidities, or other health concerns. A growing body of health and medical literature demonstrates that c...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Doeltgen, Sebastian Attrill, Stacie Murray, Joanne Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 149-150 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688996 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McCullough, Gary H. Rangarathnam, Balaji Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Self-Assessment Questions
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: C1-C9 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1691747 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Continuing Education Self-Study Program Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making.
PMID: 31158899 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McCullough GH, Rangarathnam B Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Supporting the Development of Clinical Reasoning of Preprofessional Novices in Dysphagia Management.
Abstract Proficient clinical reasoning is a critical skill in high-quality, evidence-based management of swallowing impairment (dysphagia). Clinical reasoning in this area of practice is a cognitively complex process, as it requires synthesis of multiple sources of information that are generated during a thorough, evidence-based assessment process and which are moderated by the patient's individual situations, including their social and demographic circumstances, comorbidities, or other health concerns. A growing body of health and medical literature demonstrates that clinical reasoning skills develop with increas...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Doeltgen S, Attrill S, Murray J Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Complexity of Clinical Decision Making: Consent, Capacity, and Ethics.
Abstract Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), and really their patients, are often faced with challenging clinical decisions to be made. Patients may decline interventions recommended by the SLP and are often inappropriately labeled "noncompliant." The inappropriateness of this label extends beyond the negative charge; the patient's right to refuse is, in fact, protected by law. Anecdotal exchanges, social media platforms, and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association forums have recently revealed that many SLPs are struggling with the patient's right to decline. Many are not comfortable with the info...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Askren A, Leslie P Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making in the ICU: Dysphagia Screening, Assessment, and Treatment.
Abstract Clinicians often perceive the intensive care unit as among the most intimidating environments in patient care. With the proper training, acquisition of skill, and approach to clinical care, feelings of intimidation may be overcome with the great rewards this level of care has to offer. This review-spanning the ages of birth to senescence and covering oral/nasal endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy-presents a clinically relevant, directly applicable review of screening, assessment, and treatment of dysphagia in the patients who are critically ill for clinical speech-language pathologists and identifies...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brodsky MB, Mayfield EB, Gross RD Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making in Patients with Stroke-Related Dysphagia.
This article aims to highlight stroke considerations in the evaluation and management of dysphagia. Although dysphagia was previously thought to occur only following brainstem or bilateral cortical strokes, the development of brain imaging and dynamic swallowing studies has revealed small, unilateral supratentorial strokes can produce dysphagia. In this article, screening, evaluation, and management of dysphagia are outlined, as well as the clinical decision making that occurs when taking into account cognitive and communication deficits that may be present. For the clinical swallow examination, chart review, interview, in...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Felix CC, Joseph ME, Daniels SK Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Management of Dysphagia in Acquired and Progressive Neurologic Conditions.
Abstract As the act of deglutition involves much of the central and peripheral nervous systems, neurologic disease can affect swallowing behaviors ranging from mild to profound in severity. The key in working with neurogenic dysphagia is to have a solid foundation in normal swallowing processes, including neural control. Within this framework, then, understanding how the neurologic condition affects neural control will guide hypothesis-based assessment and evidence-based treatment. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of evaluation and treatment of neurogenic dysphagia in adult populations as well...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ciucci M, Hoffmeister J, Wheeler-Hegland K Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Making with Head and Neck Cancer Patients with Dysphagia.
This article provides a framework for decision making in the surgical and nonsurgical patient with head and neck cancer. PMID: 31158905 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Starmer H, Edwards J Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Presbyphagia to Dysphagia: Multiple Perspectives and Strategies for Quality Care of Older Adults.
Abstract The aging population is rapidly growing, requiring speech-language pathologists to better manage a caseload that includes older adults who have a variety of needs. The purpose of this review is to summarize and discuss the current available evidence that will allow speech-language pathologists to make informed clinical decisions when working with older adults. To facilitate this, this article first establishes an understanding of both normal and disordered swallowing physiology in older adults, including how to differentiate between functional changes to swallowing (presbyphagia) and dysphagia. Other impo...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - June 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Namasivayam-MacDonald AM, Riquelme LF Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Social Network Structure in Young Stroke Survivors with Aphasia: A Case Series Report.
This study suggests young adult stroke survivors with aphasia have significant changes in their social network structure after stroke, but it is unclear if the observed change in social network structure is more related to age or level of communication impairment. PMID: 31022737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - April 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ellis C, Phillips R, Hill T, Briley PM Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Social Network Structure in Young Stroke Survivors with Aphasia: A Case Series Report
This study suggests young adult stroke survivors with aphasia have significant changes in their social network structure after stroke, but it is unclear if the observed change in social network structure is more related to age or level of communication impairment. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - April 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ellis, Charles Phillips, Rhiannon Hill, Tina Briley, Patrick M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Examining Performance on a Process-Based Assessment of Word Learning in Relation to Vocabulary Knowledge and Learning in Vocabulary Intervention.
This article presents an exploratory study of the relation among vocabulary knowledge, word learning, and learning in vocabulary intervention in preschool children. The study examines the potential of a process-based assessment of word learning to predict response to vocabulary intervention. Participants completed a static, knowledge-based measure of vocabulary knowledge, a process-based assessment of word learning, and between 3 and 11 weeks of vocabulary intervention. Vocabulary knowledge, performance on the process-based assessment of word learning, and learning in vocabulary intervention were strongly related. SLPs mig...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - April 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kelley ES, Goldstein H Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Examining Performance on a Process-Based Assessment of Word Learning in Relation to Vocabulary Knowledge and Learning in Vocabulary Intervention
This article presents an exploratory study of the relation among vocabulary knowledge, word learning, and learning in vocabulary intervention in preschool children. The study examines the potential of a process-based assessment of word learning to predict response to vocabulary intervention. Participants completed a static, knowledge-based measure of vocabulary knowledge, a process-based assessment of word learning, and between 3 and 11 weeks of vocabulary intervention. Vocabulary knowledge, performance on the process-based assessment of word learning, and learning in vocabulary intervention were strongly related. SLPs mig...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - April 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kelley, Elizabeth Spencer Goldstein, Howard Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Speech Sound Disorders in Children.
Abstract PMID: 30795018 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cabbage K Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Clinical Challenges: Assessing Toddler Speech Sound Productions.
This article includes a discussion of these factors, an overview of key assessment tools for single-word and connected-speech sampling, advice for current evidence-based practice procedures, and a thorough but not exhaustive listing of opportunities to improve clinical practice in this area. Despite limitations, SLPs working with toddlers have some tools and resources available to facilitate diagnostic procedures that allow for authentic decision-making regarding access to therapeutic services. PMID: 30795019 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: DeVeney SL Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

What Do Children with Speech Sound Disorders Think about Their Talking?
Abstract Investigating children's feelings and attitudes toward talking assists speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to understand experiences of communication and the impact of speech sound disorders (SSD). This, in turn, can assist SLPs in identifying appropriate intervention for children with SSD that addresses the needs of children, and their communication partners. This paper draws on data from the Sound Start Study in Australia to explore the attitudes toward talking of 132 preschool-aged children with SSD and the relationship between children's attitudes, speech accuracy, and parent-reported intelligibility ...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McCormack J, McLeod S, Crowe K Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Describing How School-Based SLPs Determine Eligibility for Children with Speech Sound Disorders.
We report the results of a nation-wide survey of school-based SLPs, which further underscore this variability. Findings provide insight into which and how many factors SLPs report contributing to eligibility decisions, as well as which and how many components of an assessment are mandatory. Our discussion includes a call to advocacy for SLPs, but also a need for increased awareness of this problematic variability for school administrators. PMID: 30795021 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Seminars in Speech and Language)
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Farquharson K, Tambyraja SR Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Innovative Service Delivery Models for Serving Children with Speech Sound Disorders.
ell T Abstract Service delivery variables that may have an impact on the treatment outcomes of children with speech sound disorders include the number and duration of intervention sessions, distribution of the sessions over time, and the format (group intervention or individual intervention). In this article, we briefly review these variables and the recommendations for the most effective service delivery components for children with speech sound disorders. We then describe innovative, collaborative service delivery models for preschoolers and school-age children with speech sound disorder. The models include &quo...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brosseau-Lapré F, Greenwell T Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Speech Sound Disorder and Visual Biofeedback Intervention: A Preliminary Investigation of Treatment Intensity.
Abstract A growing body of research suggests that cases of speech sound errors that have not responded to previous intervention can sometimes be eliminated through speech therapy incorporating visual biofeedback. Aside from considerations related to the specific biofeedback type, acquisition and generalization of a motor plan may be linked to treatment intensity. Several researchers have raised the possibility that inadequate dosage levels may present a significant barrier to success. Thus, the current study aimed to assess the relationship between treatment intensity and treatment outcomes. Twenty-nine articles r...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hitchcock ER, Swartz MT, Lopez M Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Phonological Treatment Options for Children with Expressive Language Impairment.
Abstract The vast majority of treatment efficacy research in the area of phonology focuses on issues relevant to children who have significant limitations in productive phonology but are "typically developing" in most other ways. The base of evidence to guide clinicians on planning intervention for children with phonological and cooccurring expressive language difficulties (PD + LI) is less well developed. Thus, the goal of this paper is to summarize the evidence on two treatment procedures designed to facilitate growth in phonological inventory for children who also require direct interven...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hoover JR Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research

Phonological Treatment Options for Children with Expressive Language Impairment
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 138-148 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1677764The vast majority of treatment efficacy research in the area of phonology focuses on issues relevant to children who have significant limitations in productive phonology but are “typically developing” in most other ways. The base of evidence to guide clinicians on planning intervention for children with phonological and cooccurring expressive language difficulties (PD + LI) is less well developed. Thus, the goal of this paper is to summarize the evidence on two treatment procedures designed to facilitate growth in phonological inventor...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hoover, Jill R. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Speech Sound Disorder and Visual Biofeedback Intervention: A Preliminary Investigation of Treatment Intensity
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 124-137 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1677763A growing body of research suggests that cases of speech sound errors that have not responded to previous intervention can sometimes be eliminated through speech therapy incorporating visual biofeedback. Aside from considerations related to the specific biofeedback type, acquisition and generalization of a motor plan may be linked to treatment intensity. Several researchers have raised the possibility that inadequate dosage levels may present a significant barrier to success. Thus, the current study aimed to assess the relationship between treatment intensity a...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hitchcock, Elaine R. Swartz, Michelle T. Lopez, Melissa Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Innovative Service Delivery Models for Serving Children with Speech Sound Disorders
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 113-123 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1677762Service delivery variables that may have an impact on the treatment outcomes of children with speech sound disorders include the number and duration of intervention sessions, distribution of the sessions over time, and the format (group intervention or individual intervention). In this article, we briefly review these variables and the recommendations for the most effective service delivery components for children with speech sound disorders. We then describe innovative, collaborative service delivery models for preschoolers and school-age children with speech ...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brosseau-Lapr é, Françoise Greenwell, Tamar Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Describing How School-Based SLPs Determine Eligibility for Children with Speech Sound Disorders
We report the results of a nation-wide survey of school-based SLPs, which further underscore this variability. Findings provide insight into which and how many factors SLPs report contributing to eligibility decisions, as well as which and how many components of an assessment are mandatory. Our discussion includes a call to advocacy for SLPs, but also a need for increased awareness of this problematic variability for school administrators. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full t...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Farquharson, Kelly Tambyraja, Sherine R. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

What Do Children with Speech Sound Disorders Think about Their Talking?
Semin Speech Lang 2019; 40: 094-104 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1677760Investigating children's feelings and attitudes toward talking assists speech–language pathologists (SLPs) to understand experiences of communication and the impact of speech sound disorders (SSD). This, in turn, can assist SLPs in identifying appropriate intervention for children with SSD that addresses the needs of children, and their communication partners. This paper draws on data from the Sound Start Study in Australia to explore the attitudes toward talking of 132 preschool-aged children with SSD and the relationship between children's attitudes, sp...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - February 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McCormack, Jane McLeod, Sharynne Crowe, Kathryn Tags: Review Article Source Type: research