Ultrasound-Guided Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Pathology
We describe the normal and pathologic appearances of peripheral nerves, the pathologies commonly affecting the individual peripheral nerves, and the current ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve interventions and techniques. Future directions are also highlighted. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Dettori, Nathan Choudur, Hema Chhabra, Avneesh Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Nerve Entrapment in Ankle and Foot: Ultrasound Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 354-363 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1648252Peripheral nerve entrapment of the ankle and foot is relatively uncommon and often underdiagnosed because electrophysiologic studies may not contribute to the diagnosis. Anatomy of the peripheral nerves is variable and complex, and along with a comprehensive physical examination, a thorough understanding of the applied anatomy is essential. Several studies have helped identify specific areas in which nerves are commonly compressed. Identified secondary causes of nerve compression include previous trauma, osteophytes, ganglion cysts, edema, accessory mu...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Chari, Basavaraj McNally, Eugene Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Nerve Entrapment Syndromes at the Wrist and Elbow by Sonography
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 344-353 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641577Nerve entrapment syndromes of the upper extremity are associated with structural abnormalities or by an intrinsic abnormality of the nerve. Nerve entrapment syndromes generally have a typical clinical presentation, and findings on physical examination and in conjunction with electrodiagnostic studies imaging is used to evaluate the cause, severity, and etiology of the entrapment. With the development of high-frequency linear array transducers (12–24 MHz), ultrasound (US) is incomparable in terms of spatial resolution to depict morphological aspec...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Klauser, Andrea S. Buzzegoli, Tommaso Taljanovic, Mihra S. Strobl, Sylvia Rauch, Stefan Teh, James Wanschitz, Julia L öscher, Wolfgang Martinoli, Carlo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Getting Started with Magnetic Resonance Neurography
This article provides a review of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) and how to get started. It explains step by step how to establish MRN at an institution: how to set up MRN protocols, how to train technicians, what a report needs to contain, and how relevant findings should be communicated to the referring physician. Advanced imaging techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging are only briefly discussed at the end of the article because most of those techniques are difficult for beginners and are still not considered standard in the clinical routine. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 100...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Andreisek, Gustav Bolog, Nicolae V. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound of the Brachial Plexus
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 323-333 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1645862Examination of the brachial plexus with ultrasound is efficient because it allows many parts of the brachial plexus as well as the surrounding soft tissues to be assessed with high spatial resolution. The key to performing good ultrasound of the brachial plexus is being familiar with the anatomy and the common variants. That makes it possible to concentrate solely on the ultrasound appearances free of simultaneously wondering about the anatomy. Ultrasound of the brachial plexus is particularly good for assessing nerve sheath tumor, perineural fibrosis,...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Griffith, James F. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Sarcopenia: Beyond Muscle Atrophy and into the New Frontiers of Opportunistic Imaging, Precision Medicine, and Machine Learning
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 307-322 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641573As populations continue to age worldwide, the impact of sarcopenia on public health will continue to grow. The clinically relevant and increasingly common diagnosis of sarcopenia is at the confluence of three tectonic shifts in medicine: opportunistic imaging, precision medicine, and machine learning. This review focuses on the state-of-the-art imaging of sarcopenia and provides context for such imaging by discussing the epidemiology, pathophysiology, consequences, and future directions in the field of sarcopenia. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Se...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Lenchik, Leon Boutin, Robert D. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging Patterns of Muscle Atrophy
We present and discuss recent data on the role of conventional and quantitative MRI in the diagnosis and monitoring of inherited dystrophic muscle diseases as well as muscle denervation. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Weber, Marc-Andr é Wolf, Marcel Wattjes, Mike P. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Myositis and Fasciitis: Role of Imaging
This article reviews the imaging appearance of the inflammatory myopathies, other forms of myositis, and mimickers of myositis, with a discussion of distinguishing features for each entity. The fascia and disease processes that preferentially involve the fascia are also reviewed. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Endo, Yoshimi Miller, Theodore T. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Accessory Muscles of the Extremities
This article provides a short overview of the anatomy of most prevalent accessory muscles of the upper and lower limb and its potential pathogenic nature. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Desimpel, Julie Mespreuve, Marc Tagliafico, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Muscle-Tendon-Enthesis Unit
This article focuses on the important anatomical and biomechanical considerations for each component of the muscle-tendon-enthesis unit. We review normal and pathologic conditions affecting this unit, illustrating the imaging appearance of common disorders on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound. Knowledge of the anatomy and biomechanics of these structures is crucial for the radiologist to make accurate diagnoses and provide clinically relevant assessments. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract &...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Tadros, Anthony S. Huang, Brady K. Pathria, Mini N. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Muscle and Nerve Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 261-262 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1649510 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Reijnierse, Monique Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Cartilage Imaging: Techniques and Developments
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 245-260 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1639471Cartilage degeneration is one of the most common chronic age-related joint disorders leading to pain and reduced joint motion. The increasing prevalence of osteoarthritis requires accurate cartilage imaging, both clinically and in research. Detailed cartilage imaging is also necessary for traumatic cartilage lesions and for pre- and postoperative assessment of cartilage repair procedures. Although still widely used, conventional radiography bears significant limitations because it assesses cartilage indirectly by joint space width. Magnetic resonance i...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Oei, Edwin H.G. Wick, Marius C. M üller-Lutz, Anja Schleich, Christoph Miese, Falk R. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Novel Imaging Techniques in Rheumatic Diseases
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 237-244 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641160Since the introduction of new MR imaging techniques within the past two decades, the imaging assessment of joints in rheumatic diseases has changed considerably. MRI enables to evaluate both the inflamed synovial membrane as well as early structural damage. In the last few years, several new functional/metabolic MR imaging techniques have applied in rheumatic diseases, making it possible to evaluate the pathophysiology of the disease in greater detail. Moreover, they permit a more quantitative approach for the evaluation of disease activity and damage....
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Hemke, Robert Mascarenhas, Vasco Maas, Mario Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Advanced Imaging in the Diagnosis of Gout and Other Crystal Arthropathies
This article summarizes the use of advanced imaging techniques in the diagnosis and assessment of gout and other crystal arthropathies. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Teh, James McQueen, Fiona Eshed, Iris Plagou, Athena Klauser, Andrea Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

SAPHO and CRMO: The Value of Imaging
This article provides an overview of the radiologic appearances of SAPHO/CRMO and relevant pathogenetic, clinical, and pathologic features to facilitate the diagnosis that often requires an interdisciplinary approach including radiologists. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Jurik, Anne Grethe Klicman, Rikke Fuglsang Simoni, Paolo Robinson, Philip Teh, James Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Anterior Chest Wall in Axial Spondyloarthritis: Imaging, Interpretation, and Differential Diagnosis
This article reviews salient anatomy and various imaging modalities to optimize diagnosis, important differential diagnoses, and the interpretation of ACW imaging findings in ax-SpA. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Rennie, Winston J. Jans, Lennart Jurik, Anne Grethe Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Schueller-Weidekamm, Claudia Eshed, Iris Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging to Differentiate the Various Forms of Seronegative Arthritis
We present these common and distinct imaging manifestations that may potentially help distinguish between the entities in the diagnostic work-up. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Eshed, Iris Hermann, Kay-Geert A. Zejden, Anna Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Sacroiliitis in Axial Spondyloarthritis: Assessing Morphology and Activity
Conclusion Active lesions remain the hallmark for assessment of inflammation in sacroiliitis. Structural lesions increasingly play a role in the diagnosis of spondyloarthritis. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Jans, Lennart Egund, Niels Eshed, Iris Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Jurik, Anne Grethe Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Manifestations of Non-RA Connective Tissue Diseases: Scleroderma, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Still's Disease, Dermatomyositis/Polymyositis, Sj ögren's Syndrome, and Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
This article details the various musculoskeletal imaging features of the other connective tissue diseases such as scleroderma and progressive systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Still's disease, dermatomyositis and polymyositis, Sjögren's syndrome, and mixed connective tissue disease. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Jacques, Thibaut Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Larkman, Neal O'Connor, Phil Cotten, Anne Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging Features of the Juvenile Inflammatory Arthropathies
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 147-165 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1639468We discuss the imaging of several juvenile inflammatory arthropathies including juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile scleroderma, juvenile dermatomyositis, and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune chronic systemic disease of connective tissue in children. The remaining systemic juvenile connective tissue diseases are rare. However, they require early diagnosis and initiation of treatment to prevent injury, not only to the musculoskeletal system ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Jans, Lennart Jurik, Anne Grethe Hemke, Robert Eshed, Iris Boutry, Nathalie Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Peripheral Joints and Spine
This article addresses (1) the clinical background and present role of MRI in early disease detection, (2) RA involvement of peripheral joints, (3) RA involvement of the spine, and (4) state-of-the-art RA MRI protocols. The key toward cost-effective MRI examination in RA is communication between radiologist and rheumatologist as well as awareness and knowledge of the basics and advancements in both fields. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Reijnierse, Monique Helm-Mil, Annette van der Eshed, Iris Schueller-Weidekamm, Claudia Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

MSK Imaging in Rheumatology
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 125-126 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1639483 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Greenspan, Adam Tags: Preface Source Type: research

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Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology 2018; S 01 Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Congress (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - March 26, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Osteochondroses
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 118-124 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1627094The osteochondroses are a group of disorders that affect the epiphysis or epiphyseal equivalent segments of the immature skeleton. These disorders are believed to be primarily the result of traumatic or vascular pathology, often in the setting of overuse, and are usually self-limited. Their imaging findings are based on the time of the study within the natural course of the disease process. Early findings may best be demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging or may be recognized radiographically as sclerosis of the involved segment. Later disease demo...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Danger, Franklin Wasyliw, Christopher Varich, Laura Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ankle and Foot Injuries in the Young Athlete
We describe common and unique foot and ankle injuries in the young athlete. Throughout the article we focus not only on imaging findings but also on the mechanism of injury. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Chauvin, Nancy A. Jaimes, Camilo Khwaja, Asef Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Primary Physis
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 095-103 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608002The primary physis is responsible for long bone growth in children and adolescents. Injury and physiologic or metabolic stress to the primary physis present unique radiologic findings that are important for radiologists to recognize and diagnose. Appreciation of the anatomy and histology of the primary physis forms the basis for understanding the imaging findings associated with pathologic conditions affecting the primary physis. Salter-Harris injuries, physeal bars, growth arrest lines, rickets, and focal periphyseal edema zones are common conditions ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Brian, James M. Choi, David H. Moore, Michael M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Pediatric Patella: Normal Development, Anatomical Variants and Malformations, Stability, Imaging, and Injury Patterns
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 081-094 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608004We discuss the pediatric patella, with an emphasis on diagnostic imaging. Topics include normal patellar development, anatomical variants and their physiologic significance, genetic syndromes that alter the appearance of the patella, physiology of patellar tracking and stability, patellofemoral instability, and injury patterns and classification. Recognition of appropriate development on imaging prevents diagnostic error and unnecessary evaluation. Knowledge of the pertinent features of syndromes associated with morphological patellar abnormalities can...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Maloney, Ezekiel Stanescu, A. Luana Ngo, Anh-Vu Parisi, Marguerite T. Iyer, Ramesh S. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Skeletal Dysplasias: Radiologic Approach with Common and Notable Entities
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 066-080 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608005Skeletal dysplasia is a heterogeneous group of abnormalities affecting growth and development of bone and cartilage characterized by disproportionate shortening of the limbs and/or spine. A systematic radiographic approach combined with pertinent clinical details can help guide specific genetic testing and treatment. We provide a discussion and examples of a few common and notable skeletal dysplasias to help familiarize general, pediatric, and musculoskeletal radiologists who do not commonly encounter children with these entities in their daily practic...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ngo, Anh-Vu Thapa, Mahesh Otjen, Jeffrey Kamps, Shawn E. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Pediatric Osteochondral Lesions
We describe the typical imaging appearance of osteochondral lesions with a focus on radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging. Assessment of the stability of these lesions is of paramount importance in directing management. As such, we describe staging schemes as well as imaging features differentiating stable from unstable lesions. Finally, we briefly discuss management strategies as they correlate to imaging findings. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Semina...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Abdullah, Selwan B. Iyer, Ramesh S. Shet, Narendra S. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Acutely Limping Preschool and School-Age Child: An Imaging Perspective
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 046-056 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608001Acute limp in a child presents a diagnostic conundrum and can result from a variety of causes. The underlying etiology is often referable to the hip, but the spine, abdomen, pelvis, or knee can be alternatively implicated. An adequate clinical history and satisfactory physical examination are often difficult in younger children. Consequently, there is disproportionate reliance on imaging to arrive at the correct diagnosis. The potential for rapid clinical deterioration and long-term sequelae is a risk with some of the conditions presenting with acute h...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Chaturvedi, Apeksha Cain, Usa Rupasov, Andrey Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Nuclear Medicine Applications in Pediatric Musculoskeletal Diseases: The Added Value of Hybrid Imaging
This article discusses the utility of standard nuclear medicine procedures as they apply to children with musculoskeletal disorders, focusing on the added value of and indications for SPECT/CT. Subsequently, we discuss the expanding role of positron-emitting agents in infection, trauma, and for the diagnosis, staging, and therapeutic response monitoring of children with malignant bone and soft tissue tumors. Differences between disease processes encountered in children as compared with adults are discussed; developmental variants that can, but should not, be confused with disease are illustrated. The need for pediatric-spe...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Parisi, Marguerite T. Iyer, Ramesh S. Stanescu, A. Luana Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Orthopaedic Fixation Devices Used in Children: A Radiologist's Guide
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 012-024 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1609013Fractures are common in children with some requiring surgical reduction and fixation to maintain anatomical alignment. Although various surgical techniques and principles are shared between children and adults, certain unique considerations in children can influence the surgical approach and device selection. In particular, for skeletally immature children, it is of utmost importance to protect certain critical open growth plates because permanent injury can produce severe growth disturbances. The often robust healing response and potential limited pat...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Allen, Hailey Davis, Kirkland W. Noonan, Kenneth Endo, Yoshimi Nguyen, Jie C. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Percutaneous Image-Guided Treatment of Benign Musculoskeletal Tumors in Children
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 003-011 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608003Percutaneous ablation of benign musculoskeletal tumors in children has become an area of significant clinical growth over the last decade. With growing research interest, the technologies available and techniques used are becoming increasingly safe and effective. We review some of the more common ablation technologies and their utility in several common benign bone and soft tissue tumors that occur in children and young adults. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents&nbs...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: O'Dell, Matthew Cody Gill, Anne Hawkins, C. Matthew Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Imaging in Children: Prologue
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22: 001-002 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608007 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - February 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: O'Dell, Matthew Cody Iyer, Ramesh S. Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Erratum: Emergency and Trauma of the Elbow
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 649-650 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606338 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Bazzocchi, Alberto Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar Bartoloni, Alessandra Guglielmi, Giuseppe Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Erratum: Advanced MRI Techniques for Muscle Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 648-648 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606344 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Kalia, Vivek Leung, Doris G. Sneag, Darryl B. Del Grande, Filippo Carrino, John A. Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

ESSR Consensus Document for Detection, Characterization, and Referral Pathway for Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions of Bone
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 630-647 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606130Benign bone tumors are rare but are more common than primary malignant bone tumors. The early accurate diagnosis and reliable differentiation of these rare benign tumors and tumor mimickers from the even rarer malignant tumors with subsequent appropriate treatment or watchful waiting is crucial for the clinical outcome. Bone tumors are often a source of diagnostic and therapeutic uncertainty. Thus this European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology consensus document is intended to help radiologists in their decision making and support discussion among ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Lalam, Radhesh Bloem, Johan L. Noebauer-Huhmann, Iris M. W örtler, Klaus Tagliafico, Alberto Vanhoenacker, Filip Nikodinovska, Violeta Vasilevska Sanal, Hatice Tuba Woude, Henk-Jan van der Papakonstantinou, Olympia Åström, Gunnar Davies, Mark Isaac, Am Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Advanced MR Imaging after Total Hip Arthroplasty: The Clinical Impact
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 616-629 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606137Recent metal artifact reduction techniques in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have sparked a new aera in visualization of the peri-implant region and assessment of failing orthopaedic hardware. Modes of failure after total hip arthroplasty can be classified into four broad categories: osseous abnormalities, implant instability and dislocation, implant-associated synovitis, and soft tissue abnormalities. Although MRI is complementary to plain radiography and computed tomography to diagnose the first two categories, it is paramount to investigate the co...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Khodarahmi, Iman Fritz, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Leaps in Technology: Advanced MR Imaging after Total Hip Arthroplasty
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 604-615 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606135The vast majority of the metal-related artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) arise from B0 inhomogeneity. These artifacts include failed fat suppression, signal loss, signal pileup, and image distortions. Metal artifact reduction sequence MRI has been used to mitigate these artifacts via optimization of the scan parameters and exploiting new techniques such as fully phase-encoded imaging and multispectral imaging including multi-acquisition variable-resonance image combination and slice encoding for metal artifact correction. Applicability of M...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Khodarahmi, Iman Nittka, Mathias Fritz, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Inflammatory Conditions of the Hip
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 589-603 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606138Most cases of adult hip pain are related to osteoarthritis, so inflammatory causes are often not considered. This review article describes the different entities of hip inflammation and provides an approach on how to differentiate rheumatologic disorders from degenerative changes, synovial tumors, and infection. Indications for imaging, the correct choice of imaging modality, and scanning protocols are also discussed. The differential diagnosis of inflammatory lesions of the hips is addressed in the context of image interpretation. [...] Thieme Medical...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Schueller-Weidekamm, Claudia Teh, James Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound of the Hip Joint, Soft Tissues, and Nerves
This article provides a brief overview of the US scanning technique of the hip and presents some common and less common conditions in which US of the hip is usually performed in adult patients. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Tagliafico, Alberto Bignotti, Bianca Rossi, Federica Sconfienza, Luca Maria Messina, Carmelo Martinoli, Carlo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Update on Pediatric Hip Imaging
This article provides an overview of common hip pathologies in children including congenital and developmental pathologies, trauma, infectious processes, inflammatory disease, and neoplasm. The age of the child, history, and clinical examination are essential to narrow down the differential diagnosis and subsequent selection of the appropriate imaging modality. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Herregods, Nele Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Jaremko, Jacob L. Jans, Lennart Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Current Concepts in Extra-articular Impingement of the Hip: Clinical Diagnosis, Imaging, and Treatment
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 547-560 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606140Hip impingement syndromes, particularly femoroacetabular impingement syndrome, have attracted tremendous attention in the past decade. We address some of the less common hip impingement syndromes, mainly the extra-articular hip impingement syndromes. The clinical presentation, imaging, and treatment of anterior, posterior, and lateral hip impingement syndromes are discussed. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Koles, Sarah L. Salat, Peter Veljkovic, Andrea Mar ín-Peña, Óliver Kassarjian, Ara Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome: Abductors, External Rotators
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 539-546 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606139Chronic pain and tenderness at the greater trochanter characterizes trochanteric pain syndrome. For a long time, trochanteric bursitis was thought to be the only underlying pathology; however, investigations have shown that tendinopathy of the abductors is the main cause, followed by iliotibial band thickening and, to a lesser extent, abductor tendon tears. Trochanteric bursitis can be associated with it. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), peritrochanteric T2 abnormalities are evident in greater trochanteric pain syndrome. However, this is also frequ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Hirschmann, Anna Falkowski, Anna L. Kovacs, Balazs Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Postoperative Imaging after Impingement Surgery
We present an overview of current evidence in postoperative imaging after impingement surgery. Undercorrection of the underlying osseous FAI configuration is the most frequent indication for revision surgery within the first 2 years after index FAI surgery. Femoral neck fractures, iatrogenic chondral injuries, early conversion to total hip arthroplasty, loose bodies, and heterotopic ossifications are rare but typical early complications after surgical treatment of FAI. Abnormal MRI findings after FAI surgery such as intra-articular adhesions, labral tears, cartilage defects, and anterior capsular defects are common finding...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Dietrich, Tobias Johannes Grob, Karl Kim, Chan-Hi Olaf Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Update on Femoroacetabular Impingement: What Is New, and How Should We Assess It?
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 518-528 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606141It is almost 20 years since the concept of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) was introduced, and by now a large number of orthopaedic surgeons, sports physicians, and radiologists have implemented this concept in clinical practice, as is evident in the steady rise in the number of patients diagnosed and treated for FAI. However, this trend has been accompanied by some criticism and concerns about overdiagnosing FAI. Imaging continues to play a crucial part in the evaluation of patients with suspected FAI. This review looks at the current state of FAI:...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Sutter, Reto Pfirrmann, Christian W. A. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Hip Imaging: Normal Variants and Asymptomatic Findings
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 507-517 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606136With the increasing use of imaging as a diagnostic tool for hip pain, more and more anatomical variants are detected, and more findings are seen in asymptomatic populations, especially in older individuals. The radiologist must be aware of these variants and asymptomatic findings to avoid interpretative errors and overdiagnosis. In this review, we cover frequently encountered anatomical variants and asymptomatic findings that can be found in the bony structures of the hip, the joint itself, as well as in the surrounding soft tissues. [...] Thieme Medic...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Omoumi, Patrick Vande Berg, Bruno Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Intra-articular Lesions: Imaging and Surgical Correlation
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 487-506 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606133The past 2 decades have seen a substantial increase in hip joint preserving procedures, primarily secondary to not only hip dysplasia, but the recognition and description of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), and its association with chondral lesions, as a potentially pre-arthritic condition. Morphological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an essential role in the preoperative assessment of osseous deformities and in particular of the resulting joint degeneration. An accurate descriptive report of chondrolabral lesions is warranted describing the...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Schmaranzer, Florian Todorski, Inga Almut Senta Lerch, Till Dominic Schwab, Joseph Cullmann-Bastian, Jennifer Tannast, Moritz Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Hip Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21: 485-486 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606142 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 12, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Pfirrmann, Christian W. A. Sutter, Reto Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Musculotendinous Injuries: Sonographic-guided Interventions
This article describes the relevant anatomy and pathology of the musculotendinous unit and explains the decision-making process regarding percutaneous interventions. Through case examples, we discuss practical aspects of interventional techniques, sonographic approaches, and injectable materials including anti-inflammatory medications and platelet-rich plasma. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - August 3, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Wood, Jeffrey P. Beaulieu, Christopher F. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research