Erratum: The Value of Quantitative Musculoskeletal Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719097 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Visser, Jacob J. Goergen, Stacy K. Klein, Stefan Mart ín Noguerol, Teodoro Pickhardt, Perry J. Fayad, Laura M. Omoumi, Patrick Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 608-610 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701500Born in 1869, Gaston Contremoulins began his career as a painter. Fascinated by photography and discovery of X-rays by Roentgen in 1895, our ingenious self taught engineer joined the laboratory of microphotography in the faculty of medicine in Paris. He published in 1896 studies in the use of X-rays associated with a compass for research and anatomical localization of foreign bodies in the skull. This work was awarded by the Montyon prize of the French Academy of Sciences in 1897. Appointed chief of radiological laboratories in Paris Hospital in 1898, ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mornet, Patrick Cole, Giller Tags: History Page Source Type: research

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A Pictorial Review
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 591-607 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701631Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are commonly encountered in the general population but often ignored or unrecognized. The detection and characterization of lesions has drastically improved over the years due to technological advances in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, adequate knowledge of the normal imaging appearance on different imaging modalities as well as the broad variety of pathology is required to provide a proper radiologic assessment. This pictorial review focuses on TMJ pathology a...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Salamon, Nicolas M. Casselman, Jan W. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Facial and Dental Trauma
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 579-590 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701632Dental and facial trauma are very common in a daily routine radiology practice. Knowledge of the functional anatomy of the mandibulofacial and maxillofacial regions forms the cornerstone of a thorough full radiologic evaluation of the patient with a dental and/or facial trauma. Cone beam computed tomography and multidetector computed tomography are currently considered the imaging modalities of choice. There are several patterns and classification systems for the various subtypes of mandibulofacial and maxillofacial fractures. They are discussed separa...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: De Foer, Bert Bernaerts, Anja Dhont, Kathleen Casselman, Jan W. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Fibrous Dysplasia, Paget's Disease of Bone, and Other Uncommon Sclerotic Bone Lesions of the Craniofacial Bones
This article reviews the most common disorders characterized by an increased bone density involving the craniofacial bones including fibrous dysplasia, Paget's disease of bone, meningioma with associated hyperostosis, and osteoma. Finally, typical examples of rarer sclerosing bone dysplasias are discussed as well.Emphasis is placed on imaging features and the differential diagnosis. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Van de Voorde, Nick Mortier, Geert R. Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Mixed and Radiopaque Jaw Lesions
This article describes the most characteristic and prevalent radiopaque and mixed lesions of the jaws and their imaging characteristics. Paget's disease, fibrous dysplasia, and rare sclerotic bone diseases of the maxillofacial bones are discussed elsewhere in this issue. Careful correlation of clinical presentation, panoramic radiographs, cone beam computed tomography, and histopathology are the cornerstones for appropriate lesion characterization. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  | &nb...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Bosmans, Frederik Vanhoenacker, Charlotte Bernaerts, Anja Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Radiolucent Jaw Lesions
This article describes the most characteristic and prevalent radiolucent lesions of the jaws at each location. In routine clinical practice, cone beam computed tomography is sufficient for appropriate lesion characterization, although magnetic resonance imaging may be useful in selected cases. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bali, Abdellatif Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Charlotte Bernaerts, Anja Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

World Health Organization Classification of Odontogenic Tumors and Imaging Approach of Jaw Lesions
This article provides an update of the current nomenclature. The main role of imaging is to describe the precise location and extent of these lesions. Although characterization of imaging is often difficult due to overlapping characteristics, imaging is helpful to define which lesions should be referred for histologic examination and subsequent treatment planning. Location and density are the cardinal criteria for potential characterization on imaging. Radiologically, lesions may be radiolucent, radiopaque, or of mixed density. Additional criteria include lesion demarcation, morphology, cortical breakthrough, periosteal re...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Siozopoulou, Vasiliki Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Teeth Impaction and Structural Teeth Anomalies
This article reviews different aspects of dental impaction and its possible effects on adjacent structures such as external root resorption, marginal bone loss, as well as describing structural dental anomalies. It provides a systematic analysis of their characteristic features and imaging findings for general radiologists to achieve a precise diagnosis and an optimal interpretation. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Haba, Danisia Decolli, Yllka Marciuc, Emilia S îrghe, Ana Elena Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dental and Skeletal Imaging in Forensic Age Estimation: Disparities in Current Approaches and the Continuing Search for Optimization
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 510-522 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701495Medical imaging for forensic age estimation in living adolescents and young adults continues to be controversial and a subject of discussion. Because age estimation based on medical imaging is well studied, it is the current gold standard. However, large disparities exist between the centers conducting age estimation, both between and within countries. This review provides an overview of the most common approaches applied in Europe, with case examples illustrating the differences in imaging modalities, in staging of development, and in statistical proc...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: De Tobel, Jannick Ottow, Christian Widek, Thomas Klasinc, Isabella M örnstad, Håkan Thevissen, Patrick Werner Verstraete, Koenraad Luc Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Cone Beam Computed Tomography Imaging in Dental Implants: A Primer for Clinical Radiologists
This article describes the information that should be included in a radiology report to achieve a successful implantation. The justification to use CBCT during the preoperative planning phase is based on the need to evaluate patient-specific anatomy in detail (general condition of the jaw, bone quantity, and bone quality), the application of more advanced surgical techniques (maxillary sinus augmentation procedure, zygomatic implants), and the integrated presurgical planning and virtual patient approach. Postoperatively, CBCT is used when implant retrieval is anticipated and two-dimensional radiographs have not provided su...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bernaerts, Anja Barbier, Lieven Abeloos, Johan De Backer, Tom Bosmans, Frederik Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Casselman, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging Anatomy of the Jaw and Dentition with Cone Beam Computed Tomography
This article highlights imaging anatomy and cross-sectional imaging modalities mainly focusing on cone beam computed tomography of the mandibulofacial and maxillofacial region. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Dhont, Kathleen Bernaerts, Anja Vanhoenacker, Charlotte Vanhoenacker, Filip M. De Foer, Bert Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dentomaxillofacial CBCT: Clinical Challenges for Indication-oriented Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 479-487 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709428This critical review discusses the clinical challenges for patient-specific and indication-oriented dentomaxillofacial cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Large variations among units and protocols may lead to variable degrees of diagnostic and three-dimensional model accuracy, impacting both specific diagnostic tasks and treatment planning. Particular indications, whether diagnostic or therapeutic, may give rise to very specific challenges with regard to CBCT unit and parameter setup, considering the required image quality, segmentation accuracy, an...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Wanderley, Victor Aquino Vasconcelos, Karla de Faria Leite, Andr é Ferreira Oliveira, Matheus L. Jacobs, Reinhilde Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Facial and Dental Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 477-478 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1715886 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Tags: Preface Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 475-476 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701499Military physician Etienne Henrard has played an important role in both civil and military radiology. He was adjunct at the radiological department, created in 1897, in the military hospital in Brussels. In 1900, he equipped one of the first private cabinets in Brussels. He was especially interested in bone radiology, stereo-radiography and the localization of foreign bodies for which he invented, during the “Great War,” a device for their extraction. In 1905, he was one of the founding members of the Belgian Radiological Society where he a...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Van Tiggelen, Ren é Dirckx, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Value of Quantitative Musculoskeletal Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 460-474 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1710356Musculoskeletal imaging is mainly based on the subjective and qualitative analysis of imaging examinations. However, integration of quantitative assessment of imaging data could increase the value of imaging in both research and clinical practice. Some imaging modalities, such as perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion MRI, or T2 mapping, are intrinsically quantitative. But conventional morphological imaging can also be analyzed through the quantification of various parameters. The quantitative data retrieved from imaging examinations can...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Visser, Jacob J. Goergen, Stacy K. Klein, Stefan Noguerol, Teodoro Mart ín Pickhardt, Perry J. Fayad, Laura M. Omoumi, Patrick Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Improving Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Using Deep Learning
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 451-459 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709482Deep learning methods have shown promising results for accelerating quantitative musculoskeletal (MSK) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for T2 and T1ρ relaxometry. These methods have been shown to improve musculoskeletal tissue segmentation on parametric maps, allowing efficient and accurate T2 and T1ρ relaxometry analysis for monitoring and predicting MSK diseases. Deep learning methods have shown promising results for disease detection on quantitative MRI with diagnostic performance superior to conventional machine-learning methods for identi...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Liu, Fang Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Identifying Musculoskeletal Pain Generators Using Clinical PET
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 441-450 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713607Identifying the source of a person's pain is a significant clinical challenge because the physical sensation of pain is believed to be subjective and difficult to quantify. The experience of pain is not only modulated by the individual's threshold to painful stimuli but also a product of the person's affective contributions, such as fear, anxiety, and previous experiences. Perhaps then to quantify pain is to examine the degree of nociception and pro-nociceptive inflammation, that is, the extent of cellular, chemical, and molecular changes that occur in...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Yoon, Daehyun Kogan, Feliks Gold, Garry E. Biswal, Sandip Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Musculoskeletal Tumor Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 428-440 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708825The role of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) techniques continues to grow and evolve in the evaluation of musculoskeletal tumors. In this review we discuss the MRI quantitative techniques of volumetric measurement, chemical shift imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, elastography, spectroscopy, and dynamic contrast enhancement. We also review quantitative PET techniques in the evaluation of musculoskeletal tumors, as well as virtual surgical planning and three-dimensional printin...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Howe, B Matthew Broski, Stephen M. Littrell, Laurel A. Pepin, Kay M. Wenger, Doris E. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Advanced Quantitative Spine Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 413-427 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713608Although advanced quantitative imaging may not be currently used to any degree in the routine reporting of spinal examinations, this situation will change in the not too distant future. Advanced quantitative imaging has already allowed us to understand a great deal more regarding spinal development, marrow physiology, and disease pathogenesis. Radiologists are ideally suited to drive this research forward. To speed up this process and optimize the impact of studies reporting spine quantitative data, we should work toward universal standards on the acqu...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Griffith, James F. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Imaging in Muscle Diseases with Focus on Non-proton MRI and Other Advanced MRI Techniques
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 402-412 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1712955The role of neuromuscular imaging in the diagnosis of inherited and acquired muscle diseases has gained clinical relevance. In particular, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially whole-body applications, is increasingly being used for the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression. In addition, they are considered as a powerful outcome measure in clinical trials. Because many muscle diseases have a distinct muscle involvement pattern, whole-body imaging can be of diagnostic value by identifying this pattern and thus narrowing the differential...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Weber, Marc-Andr é Nagel, Armin M. Kan, Hermien E. Wattjes, Mike P. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Cortical and Trabecular Bone
This article summarizes several quantitative MR techniques recently developed for bone evaluation. Specifically, we discuss the use of UTE and adiabatic inversion recovery prepared UTE sequences to quantify BW and PW, UTE magnetization transfer sequences to quantify collagen backbone protons, UTE quantitative susceptibility mapping sequences to assess bone mineral, and conventional sequences for high-resolution imaging of PW as well as the evaluation of trabecular bone architecture. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  | &...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jerban, Saeed Ma, Yajun Wei, Zhao Jang, Hyungseok Chang, Eric Y. Du, Jiang Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Imaging of Body Composition
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 375-385 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708824Body composition refers to the amount and distribution of lean tissue, adipose tissue, and bone in the human body. Lean tissue primarily consists of skeletal muscle; adipose tissue comprises mostly abdominal visceral adipose tissue and abdominal and nonabdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue. Hepatocellular and myocellular lipids are also fat pools with important metabolic implications. Importantly, body composition reflects generalized processes such as increased adiposity in obesity and age-related loss of muscle mass known as sarcopenia.In recent y...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hemke, Robert Buckless, Colleen Torriani, Martin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
This article reviews the quantitative US imaging tools currently available in MSK radiology, specifically focusing on the evaluation of elasticity with shear-wave elastography, perfusion with contrast-enhanced US and noncontrast superb microvascular imaging, and bone and muscle mass with quantitative US methods. Some of them are well established and already of clinical value, such as elasticity and contrast-enhanced perfusion assessment in muscles and tendons. MSK radiologists should be aware of the potential of quantitative US tools and take advantage of their use in everyday practice, both for clinical and research purpo...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Gitto, Salvatore Messina, Carmelo Vitale, Nicol ó Albano, Domenico Sconfienza, Luca Maria Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Advanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Osteoarthritis
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 355-366 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708822Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of disability throughout the world. Current therapeutic strategies are aimed at preventing the development and delaying the progression of OA, as well as repairing or replacing worn articular surfaces, because the regeneration of lost hyaline articular cartilage is not currently a clinically feasible option. Imaging is useful in formulating treatment strategies in patients at risk for OA, allowing assessment of risk factors, the degree of preexisting tissue damage, and posttreatment monitoring. Magne...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Burge, Alissa J. Jawetz, Shari T. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Imaging in Inflammatory Arthritis: Between Tradition and Innovation
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 337-354 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708823Radiologic imaging is crucial for diagnosing and monitoring rheumatic inflammatory diseases. Particularly the emerging approach of precision medicine has increased the interest in quantitative imaging. Extensive research has shown that ultrasound allows a quantification of direct signs such as bone erosions and synovial thickness. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (CT) contribute to the quantitative assessment of secondary signs such as osteoporosis or lean mass loss. Magnetic resonance ima...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Giraudo, Chiara Kainberger, Franz Boesen, Mikael Trattnig, Siegfried Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Advanced Quantitative MSK Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 335-336 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713866 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Chang, Eric Y. Oei, Edwin H.G. Tags: Preface Source Type: research

History Page: Editorial Notes
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 331-331 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701498 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip Sudol-Szopinska, Iwona Kainberger, Franz Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology Chr. M. F. Sinding-Larsen, 1866 –1930
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 332-334 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701497This history page in the series “Leaders in MSK radiology” is dedicated to the memory and achievements of the Norwegian physician Christian Magnus Falsen Sinding-Larsen who's name is connected to the medical eponym Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Pedersen, Roar Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Present Status of Musculoskeletal Radiology in Europe: International Survey by the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology
This article reports the results of that survey. An online questionnaire was distributed to all 26 European national associations that act as official partner societies of the ESSR. The 24 questions were subdivided into six sections: society structure, relationship with the national radiological society, subspecialization, present radiology practice, MSK interventional procedures, and MSK ultrasound. The findings of our study show a lack of standardized training and/or accreditation methods in the field of MSK radiology at a national level. The European diploma in musculoskeletal radiology is directed to partly overcome th...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Snoj, Žiga Hebar, Timea Sconfienza, Luca Maria Vanhoenacker, Filip Maria H.M. Shahabpour, Maryam Salapura, Vladka Isaac, Amanda Drakonaki, Eleni Vasilev, Yurii Drape, Jean-Luc Adriaensen, Miraude Friedrich, Klaus Guglielmi, Giuseppe Vieira, Alberto Sanal Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

French Multidisciplinary Approach for the Treatment of MSK Tumors
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 310-322 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1710052Several interventional treatments have recently been integrated into the therapeutic armamentarium available for the treatment of bone tumors. In some scenarios (e.g., osteoid osteoma), interventional treatments represent the sole and definitive applied treatment. Due to the absence of widely shared protocols and the complex multivariate scenarios underlying the clinical presentation of the remaining bone tumors including metastases, therapeutic strategies derived from a multidisciplinary tumor board are essential to provide effective treatments tailor...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Cazzato, Roberto Luigi Garnon, Julien De Marini, Pierre Auloge, Pierre Dalili, Danoob Koch, Guillaume Antoni, Delphine Barthelemy, Philippe Kurtz, Jean Emmanuel Malouf, Gabriel Feydy, Antoine Charles, Yan-Philippe Gangi, Afshin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Image-guided Sports Medicine and Musculoskeletal Tumor Interventions: A Patient-Centered Model
We describe our patient-centered workflow as a model of care that incorporates state-of-the-art imaging techniques, up-to-date evidence, and value-based practices with the intent of optimizing procedural success and outcomes at a patient-specific level. This model contrasts interventionalist- and imaging modality-centered practices, where procedures are performed based on local preference and selective availability of imaging modality or interventionalists. We discuss rationales, benefits, and limitations of fluoroscopy, ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging procedure guidance for a broad range of...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Dalili, Danoob Isaac, Amanda Rashidi, Ali Åström, Gunnar Fritz, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Sports and Metabolic Bone Disease
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 277-289 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709483Physical activity (PA) increases bone mass and bone strength through different mechanisms and also reduces the risk of falls in the elderly, through proprioception and balance training. The benefits seen in adolescence continue into adulthood. Exercise delays and attenuates the effects of osteoporosis, and particular sports activities may be recommended to improve bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine or regional BMD, improve balance, and prevent falls. Stress injuries related to exercise are more common in osteopenic and osteoporotic individuals.Spo...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar Weidekamm, Claudia Aparisi, Francisco Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Stress Injuries of the Spine in Sports
This article focuses on spondylolysis, bringing together discussion from the literature on its pathomechanics and the different imaging modalities used in its diagnosis. Radiologists should be aware of the limitations and more importantly the roles of different imaging modalities in guiding and dictating the management of spondylolysis. Other stress-related injuries in the spine are also discussed including but not limited to pedicle fracture and apophyseal ring injury. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Wong, Jenn Shiunn Lalam, Radhesh Cassar-Pullicino, Victor N. Tyrrell, Prudencia N.M. Singh, Jaspreet Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Biological Basis of Treatments of Acute Muscle Injuries: A Short Review
This article considers various treatment options in a biological context and reviews evidence of their efficacy. Treatments reviewed include the PRICE principle (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), early mobilization, physical therapy, hematoma aspiration, platelet-rich plasma injections, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and local anesthetics, cellular therapies, and surgery. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Beggs, Ian Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Is There a Role for Cartilage Imaging in Athletes?
This article reviews implications for cartilage imaging in athletes in the setting of (1) acute chondral injury diagnosis, (2) evaluation and follow-up of conservative and surgical therapy, and (3) evaluation of cartilage as a surrogate for meniscal function and joint stability. Focal knee cartilage defects are common in athletic populations. Athletes with articular cartilage injury may initially be able to return to sport with conservative therapy; however, a reduction of athletic ability and progression to osteoarthritis is expected in athletes with untreated severe chondral injury. For diagnostic and pre- and postsurgic...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Yamamoto, Asako Levine, Benjamin D. Padron, Mario Chung, Christine B. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Sports Imaging of Team Handball Injuries
This article is based on published data and the author team's cumulative experience in playing and caring for handball players in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Germany, Switzerland, and Spain. The article reviews and illustrates the spectrum of common handball injuries and highlights the contributions of sports imaging for diagnosis and management. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Fritz, Benjamin Parkar, Anagha P. Cerezal, Luis Storgaard, Morten Boesen, Mikael Åström, Gunnar Fritz, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Gaelic Sport Injuries
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 214-226 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708872The Gaelic sports of hurling and football, native to Ireland, are increasing in popularity worldwide. The injury profile of these sports requires multidisciplinary management by sports physicians, orthopaedic surgeons, and musculoskeletal (MSK) radiologists, among others. Advances in imaging modalities and interventional techniques have aided the diagnosis and treatment of sport injuries. In this article, we review the literature and our own institutional experience to describe common injury patterns identified in Gaelic games athletes, their main imag...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sullivan, Charles J. Kavanagh, Eoin C. Eustace, Stephen J. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ten Commandments for the Diagnosis of Bone Tumors
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 203-213 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708873The diagnosis of tumors and tumorlike lesions of bone is a routine part of both general and specialist radiologic practices. The spectrum of disorders ranges from the small incidental lesion to the potentially life-limiting malignancies whether primary or secondary. In this review, authored by experts from several European orthopaedic oncology centers, we present a collection of pieces of advice in the form of 10 commandments. Adherence in daily practice to this guidance should help minimize adverse patient experiences and outcomes. [...] Thieme Medica...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Davies, Mark Lalam, Radhesh Woertler, Klaus Bloem, Johan L. Åström, Gunnar Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Sports and Tumors
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 201-202 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1716526 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Åström, Gunnar Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Future Ultrasound Biomarkers for Sarcopenia: Elastography, Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound, and Speed of Sound Ultrasound Imaging
This article reviews the recent evidence on the use of ultrasound techniques in the assessment of muscle quality and the possibilities for the future evaluation of sarcopenia. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ivanoski, Slavcho Vasilevska Nikodinovska, Violeta Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound Biomarkers for Sarcopenia: What Can We Tell So Far?
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 181-193 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402745Sarcopenia is a disease characterized by decreased skeletal muscle mass, strength, and loss of function that can impair quality of life and increase physical disability, adverse metabolic effects, and mortality. This review familiarizes the reader with ultrasound (US)-based biomarkers for sarcopenia with a discussion of these topics: why assessing sarcopenia is relevant for radiologists, how to evaluate muscle structure with US, the current challenges or pitfalls of these biomarkers, and the implications of all the available evidence. It summarizes the...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mir ón Mombiela, Rebeca Vucetic, Jelena Rossi, Federica Tagliafico, Alberto Stefano Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Peripheral Nerves: Not Only Cross-sectional Area in the Era of Radiomics
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 175-180 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701629The peripheral nervous system is increasingly being investigated using medical imaging as a complement or in association with electrodiagnostics tests. The application of imaging techniques, such as ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), allows detailed visualization of the peripheral nervous system. According to the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology, the use of US for nerve evaluation is strongly encouraged. In addition, the role of US is further enhanced by the wide application of US-guided techniques to diagnose or to trea...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Tagliafico, Alberto Stefano Gonz ález, Raquel Prada Rossi, Federica Bignotti, Bianca Martinoli, Carlo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in the Emergency Department
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 167-174 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402050The skin, nerves, and tendons are superficial anatomical structures that can easily be investigated with an ultrasound (US) examination in the emergency department (ED). US evaluation is relatively underused in musculoskeletal evaluation when compared with other emergency applications, such as abdominal trauma, possible aortic aneurysm, and in the cardiovascular system. The aim of this article is to revise the main bone and soft tissue conditions that can be assessed using US in the ED. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 1...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Chianca, Vito Di Pietto, Francesco Zappia, Marcello Albano, Domenico Messina, Carmelo Sconfienza, Luca Maria Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound Elastography in Musculoskeletal Radiology: Past, Present, and Future
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 156-166 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402746Ultrasound elastography (USE) is becoming an important adjunct tool in the evaluation of various musculoskeletal (MSK) traumatic conditions and diseases, with an increasing number of applications and publications in recent years. This rapidly evolving technique enhances the conventional ultrasound (US) examination by providing information on the elastic properties of tissue alongside the morphological and vascular information obtained from B-mode US and Doppler imaging. Those performing USE must have basic knowledge of its proper imaging techniques and...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Snoj, Žiga Wu, C. H. Taljanovic, M.S. Dumi ć-Čule, I. Drakonaki, E. E. Klauser, Andrea S. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Role of Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Soft Tissue Tumors
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 135-155 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402060The vast majority of soft tissue masses are benign. Benign lesions such as superficial lipomas and ganglia are by far the most common soft tissue masses and can be readily identified and excluded on ultrasound (US). US is an ideal triaging tool for superficial soft tissue masses. Compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), High-resolution US is inexpensive, readily available, well tolerated, and safe. It also allows the radiologist to interact with the patient as a clinician. In this review, we describe and illustrate the lesions with typical (diag...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar Errani, Costantino Lalam, Radhesh Vasilevska Nikodinovska, Violeta Fanti, Stefano Tagliafico, Alberto Stefano Sconfienza, Luca Maria Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

High-Frequency and Ultra-High Frequency Ultrasound: Musculoskeletal Imaging up to 70  MHz
We present the impressive technical advancements leading to image resolution as low as 30 µm using ultra-high frequency ultrasound (UHFUS) probes up to 70 MHz. High-frequency ultrasound and UHFUS, with frequencies ranging from 22 to 70 MHz, are promising tools to evaluate very superficial structures. In the MSK system, only two articles have assessed its value in limited case series. Future developments may be aimed to better assess ultrastructural changes of very superficial peripheral nerves and other thin structures such as pulleys, retinacula, and tendons. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Albano, Domenico Aringhieri, Giacomo Messina, Carmelo De Flaviis, Luca Sconfienza, Luca Maria Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound Imaging Guide for Assessment of the Intrinsic Ligaments Stabilizing the Subtalar and Midtarsal Joints
The objective of this article is twofold: to describe the relevant anatomy and biomechanics related to the ligaments that stabilize the subtalar, talocalcaneonavicular, and calcaneocuboid joints, and to illustrate reasoned landmark-based scanning techniques to provide a systematic examination of these ligaments and thus make ultrasound an effective tool for assessment of patients with suspected subtalar or midtarsal sprain. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Sem...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Zaottini, Federico Picasso, Riccardo Pistoia, Federico Perez, Maribel Miguel M öller, Ingrid Rossi, Federica Bruns, Alessandra Tagliafico, Alberto Stefano Martinoli, Carlo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

High-Resolution Ultrasound of Small Clinically Relevant Nerves Running Across the Posterior Triangle of the Neck
This article describes the anatomy and US technique to examine small but clinically relevant nerves of the posterior triangle of the neck (excluding the brachial plexus), reviewing the main pathologic conditions in which they may be involved. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Picasso, Riccardo Zaottini, Federico Pistoia, Federico Perez, Maribel Miguel Klauser, Andrea Rossi, Federica Schenone, Angelo Tagliafico, Alberto Stefano Martinoli, Carlo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound of Normal and Injured Ligaments and Retinacula of the Hand
This article is a comprehensive review of the intricate anatomy, optimal imaging technique, and normal US appearances of these ligaments and retinacula. The US features, pertinent biomechanics, clinical presentation, and differential diagnosis of injuries affecting the annular pulleys, differentiating from climber's finger; extensor hood including sagittal band and central slip rupture; proximal interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal collateral ligaments including the Stener lesion and associated volar plate injury; and the anterior oblique or beak ligament of the trapeziometacarpal joint are reviewed. Emphasis is placed ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: McCarthy, Catherine L. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research