History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 274-276 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1727094Robert Kienböck (1871–1953) may be regarded as one of the first musculoskeletal radiologists who began his clinical and scientific work 2 years after the discovery of X-rays. He lent his name to Kienböck's disease, a traumatic malacia and osteonecrosis of the lunate, and to several other eponyms of diseases, devices, and parameters in radiology and radiation oncology. With his meticulous analysis of radiographic images of the highest quality, he anticipated many theories that were proposed in later decades. [...] Thieme Medical Publishe...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Kainberger, Franz Hahn, Daniela Tags: History Pages Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology, Maria Curie-Sk łodowska (1867–1934)
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 272-273 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1727096This history page in the series “Leaders in MSK radiology” is dedicated to the memory and achievements of the Polish researcher born in Warsaw and graduate of Sorbonne University, Maria Curie-Skłodowska, two-time Nobel Prize winner and the most well-known female scientist in the world, recognized as the pioneer of radiology. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Se...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Panas-Goworska, Marta Tags: History Pages Source Type: research

Congenital and Developmental Abnormalities of the Hand and Wrist
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 260-271 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722613Identification of congenital skeletal abnormalities is complex because of the large variety of individual syndromes and dysplasias that are often difficult to remember. Although a correct diagnosis relies on a combination of clinical, radiologic, and genetic tests, imaging plays an important role in selecting those patients who should be referred for further genetic counseling and expensive genetic tests. In addition to information derived from radiologic analysis of other skeletal elements, radiographs of the hand and wrist may provide particular usef...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Simoni, Paolo Bosmans, Frederik Boutry, Nathalie Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Radiologic Imaging of Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders as They Affect the Hand and Wrist
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 246-259 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1727192Metabolic and endocrine disorders have systemic effects on the musculoskeletal system, frequently producing characteristic changes in the hand and wrist. Radiographs historically played an instrumental role in the diagnostic pathway of many of these disorders, but the myriad of endocrinologic tests readily available to current clinicians may suggest their importance has lessened. We disagree. Recognition of these often subtle features can avoid the expense and psychological impact of an inappropriate diagnostic work-up, as well as expediting the diagno...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Scullion, Stephen Grainger, Andrew J. Greenspan, Adam Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Rheumatoid Hand and Other Hand-deforming Rheumatic Conditions
This article discusses typical imaging features of the hand and wrist in rheumatologic conditions including the advantages and limitations of the various methods. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Teh, James Cotten, Anne Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Hand Masses
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 216-231 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1724017Hand and wrist soft tissue masses may be classified as pseudotumors, benign neoplasms, or malignant neoplasms. The vast majority of hand lesions are benign. Consideration of the location of the lesion and its imaging characteristics often leads to a specific diagnosis. Pseudotumors discussed in this article are ganglion cysts, accessory muscles, and inflammatory lesions. True tumors are described according to their tissue type: nerve sheath tumors, adipocytic tumors, so-called fibrohistiocytic tumors, pericytic tumors, and vascular lesions. We also out...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Teh, James Shahabpour, Maryam Drape, Jean-Luc Feydy, Antoine Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Pulley, Flexor, and Extensor Tendon Injuries of the Hand
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 203-215 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1727196Tendon injuries represent the second most common injury of the hand (after fractures) and are a common scanning indication in radiology. Pulley injuries are very frequent in rock climbers with the A2 pulley the most commonly affected. Tendon and pulley injuries can be reliably evaluated using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). US can be postulated as a first-line imaging modality, allowing dynamic examination. MRI is essential for cases with ongoing diagnostic doubt post-US and also for preoperative pulley reconstruction assessment. ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Rosskopf, Andrea B. Taljanovic, Mihra S. Sconfienza, Luca M. Gitto, Salvatore Martinoli, Carlo Picasso, Riccardo Klauser, Andrea Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Carpal Instability: I. Pathoanatomy
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 191-202 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1728711The pathoanatomy of carpal instability is multifactorial and usually complex. A thorough medical history and clinical examination are essential, as well as profound knowledge of the specific instability patterns. The stability of the wrist is ensured by the carpal joint surfaces, by intact intra-articular (particularly the scapholunate interosseous ligament) and intracapsular ligaments, and by crossing extensor and flexor tendons, the latter making the proximal carpal row an “intercalated segment.” An important classification feature is the...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Schmitt, Rainer Hesse, Nina Goehtz, Florian Prommersberger, Karl-Josef de Jonge, Milko Grunz, Jan-Peter Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Update on Hand and Wrist Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 189-190 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1729896 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Shahabpour, Maryam Tags: Preface Source Type: research

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Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology 2021; S 01 Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Congress (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - June 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology Hans Jessen Panner, 1871 –1930
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 186-188 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1730325This history page in the series “Leaders in MSK Radiology” is dedicated to the memory and achievements of the Danish radiologist Hans Jessen Panner, whose name is connected to the medical eponym Panner's disease. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Skjennald, Arnulf Tags: History Page Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology Karl Dussik, 1908 –1968: Pioneer of MSK Ultrasonography
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 184-185 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722207This history page in the series “Leaders in MSK Radiology” is dedicated to the memory and achievements of Karl Theodore Dussik, the Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist from the University of Vienna who is recognized as the pioneer of ultrasonography. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Martinoli, Carlo Panas-Goworska, Marta Tags: History Page Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Interventional Radiology in the Pediatric Population: State of the Art
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 176-183 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1730326Interventional radiology procedures have been proven to be as effective as traditional surgery but usually are characterized by lower morbidity rates. In this article, the most diffuse IR treatments for pediatric lesions are reviewed with the aim of describing main advantages and drawbacks. Ablation procedures (in particular RFA and MRgFUS) are widely used for the management of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma whereas intracystic injection of methylprednisolone acetate is performed for simple bone cysts. Sclerosing agents and where possible, selective...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Arrigoni, Francesco Izzo, Antonio Bruno, Federico Palumbo, Pierpaolo De Filippo, Massimo Zugaro, Luigi Masciocchi, Carlo Barile, Antonio Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Updates and Advances: Pediatric Musculoskeletal Infection Imaging Made Easier for Radiologists and Clinicians
This article reviews an up-to-date practical imaging techniques, the differences between pediatric and adult MSK infections, the spectrum of pediatric MSK infections, and mimics of pediatric MSK infections encountered in daily clinical practice by radiologists and clinicians. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Furman, Michael S. Restrepo, Ricardo Kritsaneepaiboon, Supika Laya, Bernard F. Plut, Domen Lee, Edward Y. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Preoperative and Postoperative Imaging in Idiopathic Scoliosis: What the Surgeon Wants to Know
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 155-166 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1724018The term idiopathic scoliosis covers a broad spectrum of spinal deformities in the pediatric population without an underlying congenital anomaly of the spine. Depending on the age of presentation, it has both characteristic clinical and imaging features and a different prognosis. The radiologist should provide the surgeon with critical information to assess the degree of deformity and eventually plan surgery. Thoracic deformities and lung volume must also be part of the preoperative assessment. Imaging has a critical role in postsurgical follow-up and ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Guglielmi, Riccardo Di Chio, Teresa Kaleeta Maalu, Jean-Paul Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar De Leucio, Alessandro Simoni, Paolo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Pediatric Spine
We report the main normal variants and pathologies of the pediatric spine, from the prenatal period to adolescence, focusing on a multimodality imaging approach. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Colafati, Giovanna Stefania Marrazzo, Antonio Cirillo, Marco d'Angelo, Paola Barbuti, Domenico Tanturri de Horatio, Laura Tom à, Paolo Bartoloni, Alessandra Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Pediatric Lower Limb Sports Injuries
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 123-136 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725076The importance of physical activity during childhood and adolescence has come to light, with an increase in sports-related acute traumatic and overuse injuries as a major disadvantage. A solid understanding of the physiology of the growing skeleton, together with knowledge about age- and sex-related differences in the occurrence of acute traumatic and overuse injuries is necessary. Every musculoskeletal radiologist should also be familiar with the appearances of these injuries on different imaging modalities. This review focuses on all these aspects co...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Weil, Nikki Hemke, Robert Reurink, Guus Maas, Mario Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Pediatric Musculoskeletal Trauma: Upper Limb
This article discusses normal skeletal development and the pathomechanics of skeletal injuries in pediatric patients. It also outlines a framework for imaging as it pertains to the pediatric upper extremity, with specific emphasis on acute and chronic injuries to the shoulder, elbow, forearm, and wrist. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Restrepo, Ricardo Cervantes, Luisa Fernanda Zahrah, David Schoenleber, Scott Lee, Edward Y. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Metabolic Bone Diseases in the Pediatric Population
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 094-104 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722566Bone plays an important role in regulating mineral balance in response to physiologic needs. In addition, bone is subject to a continuous remodeling process to maintain healthy bone mass and growth. Metabolic bone diseases are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by abnormalities of bone mass, mineral structure homeostasis, bone turnover, or bone growth. In pediatrics, several significant advances have been made in recent years in the diagnosis of metabolic bone diseases (e.g., osteogenesis imperfecta, hyperparathyroidism, rickets, renal osteodystr...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Testini, Valentina Eusebi, Laura Tupputi, Umberto Carpagnano, Francesca Anna Bartelli, Francesco Guglielmi, Giuseppe Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

MR Imaging of Rheumatic Diseases Affecting the Pediatric Population
This article reviews the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to pediatric rheumatic diseases. MRI can detect early manifestations of arthritis, evaluate the extent of disease, and monitor disease activity and response to treatment.Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common pediatric rheumatic disorder, representing a diverse group of related diseases that share a definition of joint inflammation of unknown origin with onset before 16 years of age and lasting > 6 weeks. JIA may lead to significant functional impairment and is increasingly imaged with MRI to assess for active inflamma...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Schiettecatte, Eva Jans, Lennart Jaremko, Jacob Lester Chen, Min Vande Walle, Caroline Herregods, Nele Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Conventional Radiography and Ultrasound Imaging of Rheumatic Diseases Affecting the Pediatric Population
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 068-081 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1726014Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most frequent rheumatic disease in the pediatric population, followed by systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile scleroderma syndromes, juvenile dermatomyositis, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, and juvenile vasculopathies. The imaging approach to inflammatory connective tissue diseases in childhood has not changed dramatically over the last decade, with radiographs still the leading method for bony pathology assessment, disease monitoring, and evaluation of growth disturbances. Ultrasonography is commonly...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Praco ń, Grzegorz Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar Simoni, Paolo Gietka, Piotr Sudo ł-Szopińska, Iwona Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Pediatric Bone Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 057-067 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1723965Bone lesions are commonly seen when reporting pediatric skeletal imaging. Distinguishing aggressive from nonaggressive lesions is essential in making the diagnosis. Not all aggressive lesions are neoplastic; indeed, osteomyelitis frequently presents with aggressive appearances and is far more commonly seen in the pediatric population than neoplastic lesions. In this article, we discuss an approach for the diagnosis of pediatric bone tumors and tumor-like conditions. The most common pediatric benign and malignant bone tumors are discussed in more detail...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Al-Qassab, Sinan Lalam, Radhesh Botchu, Rajesh Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Pediatric Soft Tissue Tumors and Tumor-like Conditions
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 039-056 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1723966Lumps and bumps are frequently seen in children, and the vast majority are a result of trauma, infection, or inflammation. True soft tissue neoplastic lesions are rare; however, their wide and complex classifications make these lesions challenging to manage. Imaging features are usually nonspecific, and a reasonable list of differential diagnoses can be generated following consideration of the clinical presentation, age, and anatomical location of the lesion. In this article, we offer a practical approach to diagnosing such lesions by discussing the mo...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Al-Qassab, Sinan Lalam, Radhesh Botchu, Rajesh Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Congenital Skeletal Disorders
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 022-038 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1723964Osteochondrodysplasias are the result of the expression of gene mutations. The phenotypes in osteochondrodysplasias evolve through life, with the possibility that previously unaffected bones may be involved at later stages of growth. Due to the variable time of onset, the diagnosis may be made prenatally, at birth, or later. Certainty in the diagnosis is sometimes only achieved as the patient matures and the disease evolves. Radiographic evaluation is a fundamental part of the diagnostic work-up of congenital skeletal disorders and in most cases the fi...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar Trisolino, Giovanni Sangiorgi, Luca Guglielmi, Giuseppe Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Anatomical Considerations of Embryology and Development of the Musculoskeletal System: Basic Notions for Musculoskeletal Radiologists
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 003-021 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1723005The musculoskeletal (MSK) system begins to form in the third week of intrauterine development. Multiple genes are involved in the complex different processes to form the skeleton, muscles and joints. The embryonic period, from the third to the eighth week of development, is critical for normal development and therefore the time when most structural defects are induced. Many of these defects have a genetic origin, but environmental factors may also play a very important role. This review summarizes the embryology of the different components of the MSK s...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Aparisi G ómez, Maria Pilar Watkin, Sheryl Perry, David Simoni, Paolo Trisolino, Giovanni Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Pediatric MSK Diseases
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25: 001-002 DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1723967 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - May 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Guglielmi, Giuseppe Bazzocchi, Alberto Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Erratum: Soft Tissue Sarcoma Follow-up Imaging: Strategies to Distinguish Post-treatment Changes from Recurrence
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: e1-e1 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722295 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - January 5, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Noebauer-Huhmann, Iris-M Chaudhary, Snehansh R. Papakonstantinou, Olympia Panotopoulos, Joannis Weber, Marc-Andr é Lalam, Radhesh K. Albtoush, Omar M. Fueger, Barbara J. Szomolanyi, Pavol Grieser, Thomas Bloem, Johan L. Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

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Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology 2020; S 02 Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Congress (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 17, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Detection and Characterization of Musculoskeletal Cancer Using Whole-Body Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 726-750 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719018Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) is gradually being integrated into clinical pathways for the detection, characterization, and staging of malignant tumors including those arising in the musculoskeletal (MSK) system. Although further developments and research are needed, it is now recognized that WB-MRI enables reliable, sensitive, and specific detection and quantification of disease burden, with clinical applications for a variety of disease types and a particular application for skeletal involvement. Advances in imaging techniques now al...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Isaac, Amanda Lecouvet, Frederic Dalili, Danoob Fayad, Laura Pasoglou, Vasiliki Papakonstantinou, Olympia Ahlawat, Shivani Messiou, Christina Weber, Marc-Andr é Padhani, Anwar R. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Interventional Techniques for Bone and Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Tumors: Current Practices and Future Directions – Part II. Stabilization
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 710-725 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719104Percutaneous image-guided oncologic interventions have rapidly evolved over the last two decades as an independent strategy or used within a first-, second-, or even third-line strategy in the treatment of musculoskeletal (MSK) tumors. Abundant mostly nonrandomized publications have described the safety, efficacy, and reproducibility of implementing percutaneous therapies both with curative and palliative intent. In this article, we continue to share our experience in bone and MSK soft tissue interventions focusing on stabilization and combined ablatio...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Dalili, Danoob Isaac, Amanda Cazzato, Roberto Luigi Åström, Gunnar Bergh, Jonas Mansour, Ramy Weber, Marc-Andr é Garnon, Julien Gangi, Afshin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Interventional Techniques for Bone and Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Tumors: Current Practices and Future Directions - Part I. Ablation
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 692-709 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719103Musculoskeletal (MSK) image-guided oncologic intervention is an established field within radiology. Numerous studies have described its clinical benefits, safety, cost effectiveness, patient satisfaction, and improved quality of life, thereby establishing image-guided oncologic intervention as a preferred pathway in treating patients presenting with specific benign MSK tumors. But there is a paradigm shift on the horizon because these techniques may also support established pillars (surgery, systemic treatment, radiotherapy) in the treatment of maligna...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Dalili, Danoob Isaac, Amanda Bazzocchi, Alberto Åström, Gunnar Bergh, Jonas Lalam, Radhesh Weber, Marc-Andr é Fritz, Jan Mansour, Ramy Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Therapy-Related Imaging Findings in Patients with Sarcoma
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 676-691 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721097Knowledge of imaging findings related to therapy administered to patients with sarcoma is pivotal in selecting appropriate care for these patients. Imaging studies are performed as surveillance in asymptomatic patients or because symptoms, including anxiety, develop. In addition to detection of recurrent disease and assessment of response to therapy, diagnosis of conditions related to therapy that may or may not need treatment has a marked positive impact on quality of life. The purpose of this review is to assist radiologists, nuclear physicians, and ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bloem, Johan L. Vriens, Dennis Krol, Augustinus D.G. Özdemir, Murat Sande, Michiel A.J. van de Gelderblom, Hans Bovee, Judith V.M.G. Hage, Jos A. van der Noebauer-Huhmann, Iris M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Percutaneous Imaging-Guided versus Open Musculoskeletal Biopsy: Concepts and Controversies
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 667-675 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1717113Bone and soft tissue tumors are a largely heterogeneous group of tumors. Biopsy of musculoskeletal (MSK) tumors is sometimes a challenging procedure. Although the open biopsy is still considered the gold standard for the biopsy of MSK lesions, core needle biopsy can replace it in most cases, with similar accuracy and a low complication rate. The biopsy should be performed in a tertiary sarcoma center where the multidisciplinary team consists of at minimum a tumor surgeon, an MSK pathologist, and an MSK radiologist who can assess all steps of the proced...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vasilevska Nikodinovska, Violeta Ivanoski, Slavcho Samardziski, Milan Janevska, Vesna Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Non-neoplastic Soft Tissue Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions
We present a pictorial review of soft tissue sarcoma mimics with guidance on appropriate differential diagnoses. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Shah, Amit Paramesparan, Kethesparan Robinson, Philip Rennie, Winston J. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Soft Tissue Sarcoma Follow-up Imaging: Strategies to Distinguish Post-treatment Changes from Recurrence
This article describes approved recommendations. Prerequisite is a precise knowledge of the current clinical management and surgical techniques. We review recurrence rates and treatment modalities. An adequate imaging technique is paramount, and comparison with previous imaging is highly recommended. We describe time-dependent therapy-related complications on magnetic resonance imaging compared with the spectrum of regular post-therapeutic changes. Early complications such as seromas, hematomas, and infections, late complications such as edema and fibrosis, and inflammatory pseudotumors are elucidated. The appearance of re...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Noebauer-Huhmann, Iris-M. Chaudhary, Snehansh R. Papakonstantinou, Olympia Panotopoulos, Joannis Weber, Marc-Andr é Lalam, Radhesh K. Albtoush, Omar M. Fueger, Barbara J. Szomolanyi, Pavol Grieser, Thomas Bloem, Johan L. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Tumor-like Lesions of Bone and Soft Tissues and Imaging Tips for Differential Diagnosis
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 613-626 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721378In the musculoskeletal system, tumor-like lesions may present similar imaging findings as bone and soft tissue tumors and can be defined as tumors on radiologic examinations. Misinterpretation of the imaging findings can lead to inappropriate clinical management of the patient.There is still some debate regarding the pathophysiology and origin of tumor-like lesions that include congenital, developmental, inflammatory, infectious, metabolic, reactive, posttraumatic, post-therapeutic changes, and some miscellaneous entities causing structural changes. Al...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Örgüç, Sebnem Arkun, Remide Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors: Part 2
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 611-612 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721444 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - December 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Weber, Marc-Andr é Lalam, Radhesh Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Erratum: The Value of Quantitative Musculoskeletal Imaging
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719097 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Visser, Jacob J. Goergen, Stacy K. Klein, Stefan Mart ín Noguerol, Teodoro Pickhardt, Perry J. Fayad, Laura M. Omoumi, Patrick Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

History Page: Leaders in MSK Radiology
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 608-610 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701500Born in 1869, Gaston Contremoulins began his career as a painter. Fascinated by photography and discovery of X-rays by Roentgen in 1895, our ingenious self taught engineer joined the laboratory of microphotography in the faculty of medicine in Paris. He published in 1896 studies in the use of X-rays associated with a compass for research and anatomical localization of foreign bodies in the skull. This work was awarded by the Montyon prize of the French Academy of Sciences in 1897. Appointed chief of radiological laboratories in Paris Hospital in 1898, ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mornet, Patrick Cole, Giller Tags: History Page Source Type: research

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A Pictorial Review
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 591-607 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701631Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are commonly encountered in the general population but often ignored or unrecognized. The detection and characterization of lesions has drastically improved over the years due to technological advances in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, adequate knowledge of the normal imaging appearance on different imaging modalities as well as the broad variety of pathology is required to provide a proper radiologic assessment. This pictorial review focuses on TMJ pathology a...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Salamon, Nicolas M. Casselman, Jan W. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Facial and Dental Trauma
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 579-590 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701632Dental and facial trauma are very common in a daily routine radiology practice. Knowledge of the functional anatomy of the mandibulofacial and maxillofacial regions forms the cornerstone of a thorough full radiologic evaluation of the patient with a dental and/or facial trauma. Cone beam computed tomography and multidetector computed tomography are currently considered the imaging modalities of choice. There are several patterns and classification systems for the various subtypes of mandibulofacial and maxillofacial fractures. They are discussed separa...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: De Foer, Bert Bernaerts, Anja Dhont, Kathleen Casselman, Jan W. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Fibrous Dysplasia, Paget's Disease of Bone, and Other Uncommon Sclerotic Bone Lesions of the Craniofacial Bones
This article reviews the most common disorders characterized by an increased bone density involving the craniofacial bones including fibrous dysplasia, Paget's disease of bone, meningioma with associated hyperostosis, and osteoma. Finally, typical examples of rarer sclerosing bone dysplasias are discussed as well.Emphasis is placed on imaging features and the differential diagnosis. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Van de Voorde, Nick Mortier, Geert R. Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Mixed and Radiopaque Jaw Lesions
This article describes the most characteristic and prevalent radiopaque and mixed lesions of the jaws and their imaging characteristics. Paget's disease, fibrous dysplasia, and rare sclerotic bone diseases of the maxillofacial bones are discussed elsewhere in this issue. Careful correlation of clinical presentation, panoramic radiographs, cone beam computed tomography, and histopathology are the cornerstones for appropriate lesion characterization. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  | &nb...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Bosmans, Frederik Vanhoenacker, Charlotte Bernaerts, Anja Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Imaging of Radiolucent Jaw Lesions
This article describes the most characteristic and prevalent radiolucent lesions of the jaws at each location. In routine clinical practice, cone beam computed tomography is sufficient for appropriate lesion characterization, although magnetic resonance imaging may be useful in selected cases. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bali, Abdellatif Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Charlotte Bernaerts, Anja Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

World Health Organization Classification of Odontogenic Tumors and Imaging Approach of Jaw Lesions
This article provides an update of the current nomenclature. The main role of imaging is to describe the precise location and extent of these lesions. Although characterization of imaging is often difficult due to overlapping characteristics, imaging is helpful to define which lesions should be referred for histologic examination and subsequent treatment planning. Location and density are the cardinal criteria for potential characterization on imaging. Radiologically, lesions may be radiolucent, radiopaque, or of mixed density. Additional criteria include lesion demarcation, morphology, cortical breakthrough, periosteal re...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Siozopoulou, Vasiliki Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Teeth Impaction and Structural Teeth Anomalies
This article reviews different aspects of dental impaction and its possible effects on adjacent structures such as external root resorption, marginal bone loss, as well as describing structural dental anomalies. It provides a systematic analysis of their characteristic features and imaging findings for general radiologists to achieve a precise diagnosis and an optimal interpretation. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Haba, Danisia Decolli, Yllka Marciuc, Emilia S îrghe, Ana Elena Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dental and Skeletal Imaging in Forensic Age Estimation: Disparities in Current Approaches and the Continuing Search for Optimization
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 510-522 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1701495Medical imaging for forensic age estimation in living adolescents and young adults continues to be controversial and a subject of discussion. Because age estimation based on medical imaging is well studied, it is the current gold standard. However, large disparities exist between the centers conducting age estimation, both between and within countries. This review provides an overview of the most common approaches applied in Europe, with case examples illustrating the differences in imaging modalities, in staging of development, and in statistical proc...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: De Tobel, Jannick Ottow, Christian Widek, Thomas Klasinc, Isabella M örnstad, Håkan Thevissen, Patrick Werner Verstraete, Koenraad Luc Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Cone Beam Computed Tomography Imaging in Dental Implants: A Primer for Clinical Radiologists
This article describes the information that should be included in a radiology report to achieve a successful implantation. The justification to use CBCT during the preoperative planning phase is based on the need to evaluate patient-specific anatomy in detail (general condition of the jaw, bone quantity, and bone quality), the application of more advanced surgical techniques (maxillary sinus augmentation procedure, zygomatic implants), and the integrated presurgical planning and virtual patient approach. Postoperatively, CBCT is used when implant retrieval is anticipated and two-dimensional radiographs have not provided su...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Bernaerts, Anja Barbier, Lieven Abeloos, Johan De Backer, Tom Bosmans, Frederik Vanhoenacker, Filip M. Casselman, Jan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research