Review of Current Literature for Prostatic Artery Embolization
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 231-235 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586141Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) is an emerging, novel interventional technique in the management of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is a common clinical condition in middle-aged and elderly men resulting in LUTS, including nocturia, urinary frequency, urgency, decreased urinary flow rates, hesitancy, and incomplete bladder emptying. Traditionally, LUTSs have been managed by medical or surgical therapies. Since the initial incidental discovery that selective PAE performed for uncontr...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Yu, Hyeon Isaacson, Ari J. Burke, Charles T. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Utility of Pelvic Computed Tomography Angiography Prior to Prostatic Artery Embolization
This article discusses the technique used for pelvic CTA and its role in preprocedural assessment of the pelvic vasculature prior to prostatic artery embolization. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Isaacson, Ari J. Burke, Lauren M. B. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Medical and Surgical Treatment Modalities for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in the Male Patient Secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Review
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 217-223 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586142Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is one of the most common ailments affecting aging men. Symptoms typically associated with BPH include weak stream, hesitancy, urgency, frequency, and nocturia. More serious complications of BPH include urinary retention, gross hematuria, bladder calculi, recurrent urinary tract infection, obstructive uropathy, and renal failure. Evaluation of BPH includes a detailed history, objective assessment of urinary symptoms with validated questionnaires, and measurement of bladder function...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Macey, Matthew Ryan Raynor, Mathew C. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Image –Guided Focal Prostate Ablation
This article reviews the role of MRI-guided focal prostate ablation, as well as opportunities for further growth in this minimally invasive therapy of prostate cancer. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Nour, Sherif G. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

MRI-Guided Prostate Biopsy of Native and Recurrent Prostate Cancer
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 196-205 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586151Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed noncutaneous cancer and second-leading cause of death in men. Many patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer undergo definitive, curative treatment of the whole gland with either radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy. However, many men are reluctant to take the definitive step due to potential morbidity associated with either therapy. A growing interest in active surveillance or focal therapy has emerged as realistic alternatives for many patients. With each of these management strategies, i...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Woodrum, David A. Gorny, Krzysztof R. Greenwood, Bernadette Mynderse, Lance A. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Prostate, Including Pre- and Postinterventions
This article systematically reviews the rationale for magnetic resonance imaging in prostate cancer, in detection and following various treatment methods. A basic discussion of the identification of prostate cancer is imperative to understand postintervention imaging. Each available therapy, including surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, and focal therapies will be discussed along with associated imaging findings, providing the reader with a better understanding of current interventions in prostate cancer and imaging. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: T...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Patel, Pritesh Oto, Aytekin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Prostate and Testicular Cancer
This article summarizes the incidence, prognosis, and risk factors of both prostate and testicular cancers, globally and in the United States. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Filippou, Pauline Ferguson, James E. Nielsen, Matthew E. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Embolization Treatment of High-Flow Priapism
This article will review the diagnosis and treatment of the high-flow priapism. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Kim, Kyung Rae Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Varicocele: A Review
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 170-176 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586147Varicoceles are relatively common clinical problem that are associated with pain, testicular atrophy, and reduced fertility rates. After a brief historical perspective is presented, this article reviews the anatomy, indications, treatment options, and potential complications related to varicoceles. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Baigorri, Brian F. Dixon, Robert G. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Varicocele: Clinical Presentation, Evaluation, and Surgical Management
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 163-169 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586143A varicocele is an abnormal dilatation and tortuosity of the veins of the spermatic cord. Although varicoceles are common in the general population and are frequently found on routine physical examinations, they represent the most common correctable cause of male factor infertility. Varicoceles are also often incidental findings on imaging studies, particularly scrotal ultrasound. Importantly, not all varicoceles should be treated equally (or at all), and basic guidelines on the evaluation and indications for treatment of adult varicoceles should be review...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Lomboy, Jason R. Coward, Robert M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Role of Teamwork in IR Research
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 161-162 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586149 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ray, Charles E. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Post-Test Questions
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: C1-C6 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586154 Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - August 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Tags: Post-Test Questions Source Type: research

Inferior Vena Cava Filter –Related Thrombus/Deep Vein Thrombosis: Data and Management
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 101-104DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581087Recurrent deep venous thrombosis and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis are well-described complications following IVC filter placement. IVC thrombosis ranges in severity of clinical presentation, but can lead to significant morbidity and mortality with incidence rates depending on patient population and type of filter used. Endovascular therapies such as catheter-directed thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, balloon venoplasty, and stenting are safe and effective in restoration of venous patency.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New Yor...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Andreoli, Jessica M. Thornburg, Bartley G. Hickey, Ryan M. Source Type: research

Embolization of High-Flow Arteriovenous Malformation
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 157-160DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1582125Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Funaki, BrianFunaki, Christopher Tags: Trainee Corner Source Type: research

Extraordinary Cases in Inferior Vena Cava Filter Retrieval
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 149-156DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1582120Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Desai, Kush R.Errea, MartinRyu, Robert K.Lewandowski, Robert J. Tags: How I Do It Source Type: research

Retrieval of Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Technical Considerations
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 144-148DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1582119Placement of retrievable inferior vena cava filters has seen rapid growth since their introduction into clinical practice. When retrieved, these devices offer the notional benefit of temporary protection from pulmonary embolism related to lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, and mitigation of filter-related deep venous thrombosis. When promptly removed after the indication for mechanical prophylaxis is no longer present, standard endovascular retrieval techniques are frequently successful. However, the majority of these devices are left in place for exte...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Laws, James L.Lewandowski, Robert J.Ryu, Robert K.Desai, Kush R. Source Type: research

Creation of an iOS and Android Mobile Application for Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filters: A Powerful Tool to Optimize Care of Patients with IVC Filters
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 137-143DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1583206Owing to a myriad of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter types and their potential complications, rapid and correct identification may be challenging when encountered on routine imaging. The authors aimed to develop an interactive mobile application that allows recognition of all IVC filters and related complications, to optimize the care of patients with indwelling IVC filters. The FDA Premarket Notification Database was queried from 1980 to 2014 to identify all IVC filter types in the United States. An electronic search was then performed on MEDLINE and the F...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Deso, Steven E.Idakoji, Ibrahim A.Muelly, Michael C.Kuo, William T. Source Type: research

Providing Context: Medical Device Litigation and Inferior Vena Cava Filters
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 132-136DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581086Over the last few years, an increasing number of lawsuits have been filed involving inferior vena cava filters. This has prompted the U.S. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation to centralize these lawsuits into two multidistrict litigations: one for Cook's filters and one for Bard's. Both sets of cases share similar questions of facts, in particular whether these filters' design and manufacturing practices made them unreasonably prone to serious complications. The resolution of these cases will add to a larger legal debate concerning how much legal pro...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Keller, Eric J.Vogelzang, Robert L. Source Type: research

Update on Anticoagulation: What the Interventional Radiologist Needs to Know
This article reviews the basic pharmacology, efficacy, and safety of these drugs. Several populations at higher risk for complications with use of NOACs are discussed, including those undergoing procedures. Finally, several target-specific reversal agents have either received FDA approval or likely will be approved in the near future; these agents and their roles in the approach to anticoagulation reversal will also be discussed.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: ...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Kamath, Suneel D.McMahon, Brandon J. Source Type: research

Considerations for Imaging the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) with/without IVC Filters
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 109-121DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1583207Deep venous thrombosis (DVT), thrombosis of the inferior vena cava, and pulmonary embolism (PE) constitute a continuum that includes venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease. VTE is the third most common cardiovascular disorder that affects all races, ethnicities, gender, and ages. VTE predominantly affects the elderly population, exponentially increasing in incidence with increasing age. Venous thromboembolism is not only a singular event but a chronic disease and has been found to have a rate of recurrence approaching 40% among all patients after 10 years. Whe...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Aw-Zoretic, JessieCollins, Jeremy D. Source Type: research

A Dedicated Inferior Vena Cava Filter Service Line: How to Optimize Your Practice
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 105-108DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1582122Despite the increased placement of retrievable inferior vena cava filters (rIVCFs), efforts to remove these devices are not commensurate. The majority of rIVCFs are left in place beyond their indicated usage, and often are retained permanently. With a growing understanding of the clinical issues associated with these devices, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has prompted clinicians to remove rIVCF when they are no longer indicated. However, major obstacles exist to filter retrieval, chief among them being poor clinical follow-up. The est...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Karp, Jennifer K.Desai, Kush R.Salem, RiadRyu, Robert K.Lewandowski, Robert J. Source Type: research

Inferior Vena Cava Filter–Related Thrombus/Deep Vein Thrombosis: Data and Management
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 101-104DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581087Recurrent deep venous thrombosis and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis are well-described complications following IVC filter placement. IVC thrombosis ranges in severity of clinical presentation, but can lead to significant morbidity and mortality with incidence rates depending on patient population and type of filter used. Endovascular therapies such as catheter-directed thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, balloon venoplasty, and stenting are safe and effective in restoration of venous patency.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New Yor...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Andreoli, Jessica M.Thornburg, Bartley G.Hickey, Ryan M. Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Evaluation of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Complications Based on Filter Type
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 093-100DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1583208Many inferior vena cava (IVC) filter types, along with their specific risks and complications, are not recognized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the various FDA-approved IVC filter types to determine device-specific risks, as a way to help identify patients who may benefit from ongoing follow-up versus prompt filter retrieval. An evidence-based electronic search (FDA Premarket Notification, MEDLINE, FDA MAUDE) was performed to identify all IVC filter types and device-specific complications from 1980 to 2014. Twenty-three IVC filter types (14 ret...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Deso, Steven E.Idakoji, Ibrahim A.Kuo, William T. Source Type: research

Anatomic and Technical Considerations: Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 088-092DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581089Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters play an important role in preventing pulmonary embolism in patients with deep venous thrombosis. When preparing for IVC filter placement, there are several important anatomic and technical considerations. The IVC has complex embryologic origins, and normal variants are relatively common which may necessitate a change in technique or approach. When performing the procedure, the choice in imaging modality for deployment, location of deployment, and route of access must be considered. The pediatric and pregnant populations pres...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Doe, ChristopherRyu, Robert K. Source Type: research

A Critical Review of Available Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters and Future Directions
This article discusses the different filter designs as well as the published data on these available filters. When selecting a filter for use, it is important to consider the potential short-term complications and the filters' window for retrieval. Understanding potential long-term complications is also critical, as these devices are approved for permanent placement and many filters are not retrieved. Finally, this article will address research into new designs that may be the future of vena cava filtration.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of conte...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Montgomery, Jennifer P.Kaufman, John A. Source Type: research

Permanent versus Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Rethinking the “One-Filter-for-All” Approach to Mechanical Thromboembolic Prophylaxis
This article highlights the differences between permanent and retrievable devices, describes the interplay between these differences and the clinical indications for IVC filtration, advises against a “one-filter-for-all” approach to mechanical thromboembolic prophylaxis, and discusses strategies for optimizing personalized device selection.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ghatan, Christine E.Ryu, Robert K. Source Type: research

The Role of Inferior Vena Cava Filters in Cancer Patients
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 071-074DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581090Cancer induces a hypercoagulable state and renders patients susceptible to venous thromboembolism. While anticoagulation remains the mainstay of treatment, many of these patients require placement of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, often due to a contraindication to or failure of anticoagulation. In this article, the available data on IVC filter usage in cancer patients will be reviewed.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |&nb...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Pandhi, Mithil B.Desai, Kush R.Ryu, Robert K.Lewandowski, Robert J. Source Type: research

Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Guidelines, Best Practice, and Expanding Indications
This article reviews current guidelines and expanding indications for IVC filter placement.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: DeYoung, ElliotMinocha, Jeet Source Type: research

Post-Test Questions
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: C1-C8DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1583307Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Important Contributions to the Interventional Radiology Dialysis Literature, 2014 –2015
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 046-051DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1578810Dialysis access interventions remain a vital component of long-term care for the dialysis population. Several advances have been published in the past two years, including both advances in the creation of accesses as well as treatment of specific processes leading to dialysis access failures. Advances in tools and other techniques used in dialysis access maintenance have also led to significant improvements in outcomes in this patient population. The purpose of this article is to provide synopses of some of the most important literature published in 2014&nd...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ray, Charles E. Funaki, Brian Gaba, Ron C. Source Type: research

Post-Test Questions
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: C1-C6DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1579578Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Infected Superior Mesenteric Artery Aneurysm
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 061-064DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1572358Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Fong, AbigailNavuluri, Rakesh Tags: Trainee Corner Source Type: research

Concurrent Vascular Lesions during Renal Angiography: A Potential Distractor
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 056-060DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1572356Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Gunasekaran, SenthilGoettl, ChristopherBui, James T.Ray, Charles E. Tags: Morbidity and Mortality Source Type: research

Dialysis Access Anatomy and Interventions: A Primer
This article outlines the most common approaches to surgically placed accesses used for renal replacement therapy, as well as the basics of interventional approaches used to treat the most common abnormalities causing their dysfunction.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Martin, CharlesPillai, Rex Source Type: research

Important Contributions to the Interventional Radiology Dialysis Literature, 2014–2015
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 046-051DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1578810Dialysis access interventions remain a vital component of long-term care for the dialysis population. Several advances have been published in the past two years, including both advances in the creation of accesses as well as treatment of specific processes leading to dialysis access failures. Advances in tools and other techniques used in dialysis access maintenance have also led to significant improvements in outcomes in this patient population. The purpose of this article is to provide synopses of some of the most important literature published in 2014&nd...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ray, Charles E.Funaki, BrianGaba, Ron C. Source Type: research

Advanced Stent Graft Treatment of Venous Stenosis Affecting Hemodialysis Vascular Access: Case Illustrations
This article describes, using case illustrations, placement of stent grafts in such patients; a focus will also be made on the techniques utilized in such salvage situations.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Patel, DarshanRay, Charles E.Lokken, R. PeterBui, James T.Lipnik, Andrew J.Gaba, Ron C. Source Type: research

Update on Insertion and Complications of Central Venous Catheters for Hemodialysis
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 031-038DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1572547Central venous catheters are a popular choice for the initiation of hemodialysis or for bridging between different types of access. Despite this, they have many drawbacks including a high morbidity from thrombosis and infection. Advances in technology have allowed placement of these lines relatively safely, and national guidelines have been established to help prevent complications. There is an established algorithm for location and technique for placement that minimizes harm to the patient; however, there are significant short- and long-term complications ...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Bream, Peter R. Source Type: research

Monitoring and Surveillance of Hemodialysis Access
In this study, the authors review monitoring and surveillance measures in place, and their associated merits and limitations to detect stenosis and prevent incidences of vascular access thrombosis.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Koirala, NischalAnvari, EvamariaMcLennan, Gordon Source Type: research

Surgical Approach to Hemodialysis Access
This article provides a review of surgical management of dialysis access, including primary access options and follow-up of this difficult patient population.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Rowse, Jarrad W.Kirksey, Lee Source Type: research

The Biology of Hemodialysis Vascular Access Failure
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 015-020DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1572355Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are essential for patients and clinicians faced with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). While this method of vascular access for hemodialysis is preferred to others due to its reduced rate of infection and complications, they are plagued by intimal hyperplasia. The pathogenesis of intimal hyperplasia and subsequent thrombosis is brought on by uremia, hypoxia, and shear stress. These forces upregulate inflammatory and proliferative cytokines acting on leukocytes, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and platelets. This activation begi...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Brahmbhatt, AkshaarMisra, Sanjay Source Type: research

Stent and Stent-Graft Use in Arteriovenous Dialysis Access
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 010-014DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1571806Dialysis access failure is a major cause of mortality and morbidity among dialysis patients. Preservation of access is critical to maintaining hemostasis, avoiding uremia, and managing the complications of kidney failure. While angioplasty remains the most common method of managing arteriovenous (AV) access stenoses, the use of stents and stent grafts to manage venous stenoses associated with AV access has become more prominent. There have been several prospective randomized trials that have demonstrated the benefit of these devices in maintaining the targe...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: McLennan, Gordon Source Type: research

New Approaches to Arteriovenous Fistula Creation
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 006-009DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1571805An autogenous arteriovenous fistula is considered the ideal access for hemodialysis delivery. However, surgical creation of an arteriovenous fistula is associated with less than optimal technical success, and multiple interventions are often required to assist maturation or maintain early patency. Given these shortcomings, multiple new approaches are now under investigation that possibly improve on surgical techniques and/or outcomes. Minimally invasive methods of creation with novel devices are under investigation, with preliminary published results availa...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Rajan, Dheeraj K. Source Type: research

Peritoneal Dialysis
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 003-005DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1571804Peritoneal dialysis is becoming more important in the management of patients with end-stage renal disease. Because of the efforts of the “Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative,” dialysis venous access in the United States has become focused on promoting arteriovenous fistula creation and reducing the number of patients who start dialysis with a tunneled catheter. This is important because tunneled catheters can lead to infection, endocarditis, and early loss of more long-term access. When planned for, peritoneal dialysis can offer patients the o...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Al-Natour, MohammedThompson, Dustin Source Type: research

Humility
Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33: 001-002DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1572549Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ray, Charles E. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Hepatorenal Syndrome: A Review of Pathophysiology and Current Treatment Options
Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32: 445-454DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1564794Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - November 10, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Erly, BrianCarey, William D.Kapoor, BaljendraMcKinney, J. MarkTam, MathewWang, Weiping Tags: Clinical Corner Source Type: research

Superior Vena Cava Rupture and Cardiac Tamponade Complicating the Endovascular Treatment of Malignant Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review
Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32: 439-444DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1564795Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - November 10, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Stevens, David C.Butty, SabahJohnson, Matthew S. Tags: Morbidity and Mortality Source Type: research

Planning Arteriography for Yttrium-90 Microsphere Radioembolization
Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32: 428-438DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1564708Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - November 10, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Gaba, Ron C. Tags: How I Do It Source Type: research

Trainees and Private Practice: Our Greatest Contribution from Academia
Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32: 333-334DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1566269Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology)
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - November 10, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Ray, Charles E. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Navigational Tools for Interventional Radiology and Interventional Oncology Applications
Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32: 416-427DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1564705The interventional radiologist is increasingly called upon to successfully access challenging biopsy and ablation targets, which may be difficult based on poor visualization, small size, or the proximity of vulnerable regional anatomy. Complex therapeutic procedures, including tumor ablation and transarterial oncologic therapies, can be associated with procedural risk, significant procedure time, and measurable radiation time. Navigation tools, including electromagnetic, optical, laser, and robotic guidance systems, as well as image fusion platforms, have t...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - November 10, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Chehab, Monzer A.Brinjikji, WaleedCopelan, AlexanderVenkatesan, Aradhana M. Source Type: research

High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: Current Status for Image-Guided Therapy
Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32: 398-415DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1564793Image-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an innovative therapeutic technology, permitting extracorporeal or endocavitary delivery of targeted thermal ablation while minimizing injury to the surrounding structures. While ultrasound-guided HIFU was the original image-guided system, MR-guided HIFU has many inherent advantages, including superior depiction of anatomic detail and superb real-time thermometry during thermoablation sessions, and it has recently demonstrated promising results in the treatment of both benign and malignant tumors. HIF...
Source: Seminars in Interventional Radiology - November 10, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Copelan, AlexanderHartman, JasonChehab, MonzerVenkatesan, Aradhana M. Source Type: research