Effect of weight-bearing overload using elastic tubing on balance and functional performance in athletes with chronic ankle instability
Conclusion The elastic tubing exercise program resulted in a significant positive difference in the balance and functional performance of athletes with chronic ankle instability. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - April 12, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effet d ’un exercice de type aérobie sur le stress oxydatif : étude comparative entre judokas et sédentaires
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): K. Elabed, L. Masmoudi, K. Trabelsi, A. Hakim Objectif L’objectif de ce travail était d’identifier l’effet de l’exercice aérobie sur les marqueurs du stress oxydatif. Il s’agit d’une étude prospective qui a été réalisée dans le cadre des travaux menés par le laboratoire de pharmacologie de la faculté de médecine de Sfax. Matériel et méthodes La population d’étude a été divisée en d...
Source: Science and Sports - April 2, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Le parachutisme militaire
Conclusion Activité à risque de blessure, le parachutisme militaire nécessite des équipes médicales organisées et impliquées dans la sélection et le suivi des parachutistes ainsi que dans la prise en charge de pathologies spécifiques. Cette implication médicale permet de préserver les capacités opérationnelles des unités de combat. Objective This paper seeks to expose updated military parachuting technics and induced injuries patterns. Content Unlike civilian practice, military parachuting is not a final goal in itself but is ...
Source: Science and Sports - March 21, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of honey on exercise performance and health components: A systematic review
Conclusion Honey alone could potentially improve aerobic exercise performance; however studies are limited. Meanwhile, honey in combination with exercise promotes bone health and improves immune systems. It is believed that CHO and other constituents of honey play an important role during exercise in exerting the said benefits. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 19, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of resveratrol on exercise performance: A review
Conclusion These facts allow us to assume that resveratrol could be used regularly as a dietary supplement for athletes of many disciplines, especially endurance ones. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 17, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Suture à ciel ouvert du tendon d’Achille : récupération fonctionnelle au long cours
The objective of our study is to evaluate the functional recovery at one year of recoil after open suture of the Achilles tendon with the Achilles’ Traumatic Rupture Score. Material and methods This was a retrospective monocentric study of the 53 consecutive patients who had surgically treated open-cast traumatic Achilles tendon rupture between 2010 and 2016 at Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital. The primary endpoint was at least one year of functional recovery evaluated by the Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS). Secondary endpoints included time to recovery, sports recovery, surgical time, scarrin...
Source: Science and Sports - March 17, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Endurance training and LXR activation increased LXR α and ABCA1 transcripts in Wistar male rats
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): F. Kazeminasab, S.M. Marandi, K. Ghaedi, F. Esfarjani, J. Moshtaghian Purpose LXR, belongs to the ligands activated transcription factors, regulates the expression of genes in cholesterol homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to examine combinatory effects of selective LXR activator-T0901317 and training on gene expression profiles of LXRα and ABCA1. Material and methods To examine simultaneous effects of selective LXR activator-T0901317- and exercise on LXRα and ABCA1 genes expression and lipids profile, Wistar...
Source: Science and Sports - March 16, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) inhibition on the aerobic and the anaerobic endurance exercise capacity
Conclusion These results suggest that NNMT inhibition significantly impairs the performance in anaerobic endurance exercise but not in aerobic endurance exercise. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 16, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Injury prediction in aerobic gymnastics based on anthropometric variables
Conclusion Studies that analyze anthropometric characteristics can contribute to understanding what variables or parameters may cause injuries in athletes. Thus, in the future, intervention strategies could be developed and the onset of certain injuries could be prevented. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 16, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Intake of carbohydrate-protein supplements by recreational users at gyms: Body composition improved?
Conclusion The spontaneous use of protein and carbohydrate supplements (PCS) by recreational users practicing resistance training at gyms induced no positive effects on body composition. We advocate more nutritional education to enhance nutritional status and learn how to use protein and carbohydrate supplements in the light of dietary needs and food intake. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 15, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of changes in concentric-eccentric contraction time ratio on hormonal response to resistance exercise in trained men
Conclusions The result of this study showed that in a single session of RE, changes in concentric-eccentric contraction time ratio had no effect on hormonal response, however slower contractions produced greater hormonal response compare to normal protocol. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 14, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Artefactual incidence of V ˙O2 plateau and V˙O2max in historical studies
Conclusion V ˙ O 2 plateau in historical studies was artefactual. Further investigation, without the fallacious assumptions of historical studies, may enable exercise physiologists and practitioners to determine which combination of exercise protocol and method of data acquisition is most conducive to elicit and detect a V ˙ O 2 plateau. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 14, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Proportion de porteurs de la compression élastique selon le classement final des 4 dernières éditions de l’Ultra-Trail du Mont-Blanc
Conclusion Le test de Khi-carré indique que la CE était davantage utilisée (p <0,05) par les finisseurs de l’UTMB (52,9 %) que par les participants qui abandonnaient prématurément (46,2 %). De plus la proportion de porteurs de la CE augmente linéairement jusqu’aux 400 premières places (r =0,61 ; p <0,05) puis diminue dans le haut du classement. Aim To test the hypothesis that the finishers of the Ultra-Trail du Mont Blanc (UTMB) 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 editions wore more the elastic compression (EC) than the participa...
Source: Science and Sports - March 13, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

High intensity interval training negatively affects mood state in professional athletes
This study aimed to identify the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on psychological responses and to verify the relationship between Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and the Profile of Mood State (POMS) scores. Equipment and methods Twenty male soccer players took part in the study (mean±SD: age=23.85±0.9 years). Training session: 28-min (4×4minutes work interspersed with 3-min of passive recovery). Effort: HIIT: intermittent 10-s runs at 120% maximal aerobic speed interspersed with10-s of passive recovery. Psychological responses were collected before and after HIIT-session using PO...
Source: Science and Sports - March 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Repeated sprint ability and dynamic post-exercise recovery in soccer players
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): P. Chmura, M. van Gent, A. Rokita, J. Chmura (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Strat égies de l’échauffement sportif à l’entraînement et en compétition
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): A. Boudenot Objectifs Proposer une construction de l’échauffement précédant l’entraînement et de l’échauffement précédant l’épreuve de la compétition. Actualités Alors que l’échauffement constitue un rituel de la préparation à l’effort, qu’il fait partie intégrante de la séance, il n’est pas toujours utilisé à bon escient à l’entraînement et en comp&e...
Source: Science and Sports - March 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Beetroot juice supplementation does not modify the 3-km running performance in untrained women
Conclusion The analysis concluded that untrained women supplemented with 500mL of beetroot juice 30minutes before a 3-km running performance presented a modified RPE and Glycpost, with no significant differences in HRmax, Lapeak and Glycpre. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Exercice physique et cin étique glycémique chez l’adolescent atteint de diabète de type 1 à Brazzaville (Congo)
Conclusion En l’absence d’ajustement préalable de l’insulinothérapie chez le patient atteint de DT1, l’importance de l’effet hypoglycémiant de l’exercice physique semble influencée par l’état nutritionnel, qui doit favoriser en cas de dénutrition une action plus importante des hormones de contre-régulation hyperglycémiantes. Cependant, l’équilibre glycémique n’est pas fortement perturbé et cet effet de l’exercice physique sur la glycémie ne devrait pas du tout justifier une interdi...
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Injuries in martial arts and combat sports: Prevalence, characteristics and mechanisms
Conclusion There was a high percentage of injury in lower limbs for both modality groups, and the higher frequency of injuries in the upper limbs were the shoulders, hands and fingers, while for lower limbs were the feet and toes, ankles and knees. Injury occurred mainly during technical training and, in most cases, without protective equipment. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Eccentric resistance training reduces both non-response to exercise and cardiovascular risk factors in adult with overweight or obesity
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): A. Díaz-Vegas, A. Espinoza, C. Cofré, P. Sánchez-Aguilera Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the effect of concentric or eccentric resistance training on different cardiovascular risk factors and the prevalence of non-response to exercise. Materials and methods Twenty two overweight or obese men were divided into two exercise groups and underwent concentric (CRT) or eccentric resistance (ERT) training respectively, that consisted in squats developed with the help of a Russian belt. Each protocol was...
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of aerobic exercises on students ’ physical health indicators
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): Y. Niu, D. Zhou, Z. Ma Objectives The purpose of this research was to explore the impact of 12-week aerobic exercises on both weight index and indicators of cardiovascular endurance. An increasingly passive life-style of students has led to a growth in health related disorders. Complex aerobic exercises are regarded as a kind of activity affecting youth physical health. Equipment and methods Maximum heart rate and maximum oxygen consumption were measured. Participants included 1180 17–21 aged students from five universities in...
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effets d ’un programme d’exercices physiques structurés sur les facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire liés au syndrome métabolique chez les travailleurs obèses de Kinshasa en République démocratique du Congo
Conclusion Le programme d’exercices physiques structurés combinés à une éducation nutritionnelle (hypocalorique, riche en fibres et vitamines) et associés aux exercices physiques spontanés, diminue significativement le poids de l’ordre de −22,8kg et améliore les facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire liés au syndrome métabolique. Il peut être considéré comme une stratégie non pharmacologique efficace pour le traitement du risque généré par l’obésité. Objective To investigate the ...
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Speed-endurance training effect on aerobic capacity of basketball players
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): Juan M. Ramírez (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Injuries in French and Chinese regular badminton players
Conclusions The most common injury reported was the ankle sprain, which generally occurred during a jump landing upon backward and lateral movements (60%) or during forward lunge (26%). As more than half of the ankle sprains were moderate or severe, a particular attention should be paid to the effects of footwear and court surface characteristics on the biomechanics of badminton players. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 9, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Does improving hematological iron status restore the menstrual cycle in female athletes?
Conclusion A NI aimed at improving iron status in female athletes with simultaneous iron deficiency and anemia can also improve the level of the hormones responsible for maintaining a regular menstrual cycle. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 13, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Balance des substrats à l’exercice déterminée par calorimétrie d’effort chez des patientes entreprenant un réentraînement après traitement d’un cancer mammaire
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): G. Marinari, C. Espitalier-Rivière, C. Fédou, A.-J. Romain, J.-F. Brun L’activité physique (AP) est un élément très important de la prise en charge du cancer du sein (CDS) en complément de l’approche carcinologique. Elle diminue la mortalité, toutes causes confondues, de ces patientes. L’AP modérée s’est avérée tout particulièrement intéressante dans ce contexte, ce qui peut suggérer que le ciblage au L...
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of exercise on concentrations of irisin in overweight individuals: A systematic review
Conclusion The increase in irisin concentrations after exercise is transient. Further research is needed to assess whether this change has a cumulative effect and actually acts on thermogenesis. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

High-intensity interval body weight training promotes different adaptations to combined training in body composition and muscle strength in young women
Conclusions HIBWT and COMT promote fat mass loss and muscle mass and strength gains in young women. However, HIBWT promotes greater muscle mass gains than COMT, whereas COMT promotes greater muscle strength gains than HIBWT. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Clavicule flottante, à propos d’un cas
Conclusion La clavicule flottante est une lésion traumatique rare mais potentiellement invalidante. Son diagnostic a bénéficié de l’apport de la TDM avec reconstruction 3D permettant un bilan lésionnel précis. Le choix du traitement est difficile. Chez les patients jeunes et actifs, une réduction anatomique à ciel ouvert et une stabilisation adéquate sont recommandées. Introduction Floating clavicle or bipolar clavicular dislocation is a rare and little-known affection of the shoulder girdle. Through a case report and a review of the literature, th...
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of exhaustive exercises, with different intensities, on oxidative stress markers in rat plasma and skeletal muscle
Conclusion Incremental exhaustive exercise elevates the plasma PC levels and TAC, but does not change skeletal muscle oxidative stress markers in rats. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of exercise training and nebivolol treatment on atherosclerotic plaque development, iNOS expression and antioxidant capacity in apoE −/− mice
Conclusion While aerobic exercise training reduces antioxidant activity in the liver, nebivolol treatment attenuates atherosclerotic plaque development in apoE−/− mice, but the expression of iNOS is not affected. The combination of treatments does not add on benefits. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of musical auditory stimulation on cardiorespiratory variables after aerobic exercise
Conclusion Music auditory stimulation accelerated the recovery of heart rate and systolic blood pressure, however we can not state that this method alone can improve recovery after exercise in healthy subjects. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 10, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Heel lifts stiffness of sports shoes could influence posture and gait patterns
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2017 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): S. Hessas, M. Behr, M. Rachedi, I. Belaidi Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate how different commercial heel lift stiffness could affect gait and posture patterns, in order to propose to athletes the most appropriate which can reduce injury risk by moderating the effects of repeated impacts, plantar pressure and excessive pronation or supination. Methods Ten healthy young male volunteers were asked to wear successively three pairs of heel lifts, with identical geometry but different stiffness. Static tests consisted i...
Source: Science and Sports - January 3, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A wearable sweat rate sensor to monitor the athletes ’ performance during training
Conclusion We presented a prototype of a wearable sweat rate sensor for localized measurements. The trials on thirteen athletes proved that the performance of our sensor is comparable to that of a commercial medical device. This sweat rate sensor can provide valuable information on athletes’ hydration status. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - January 3, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

L ’importance de la quantification de la charge d’entraînement : exemple d’un modèle
Conclusion Ce type de modèle s’avère utile à la préparation physique, au suivi d’entraînement, à la prévention de la blessure, la réathlétisation face aux exigences compétitives. Par ailleurs, le calcul du ratio de charge peut se révéler transférable à tous les sports et tous les niveaux. Objectives Emphasize the importance of setting up training load quantification models in sport. News Sometimes neglected due to its time-consuming aspect, the quantification of training loads proves to be of great interest neverthe...
Source: Science and Sports - January 3, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of unilateral, bilateral movement and combined exercise using a ski simulator on lower limb joint and muscle activities
Conclusion Research approaches adopted by such studies are easy to apply and may be applicable in many fields involving rehabilitation and improvement of muscle strength and balance. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - January 3, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Low intensity resistance exercise attenuates the relationship between glucose and autonomic nervous system indicators during 24hours in women with type 2 diabetes
Publication date: Available online 20 December 2017 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): L.C. Cruz, A.A. Teixeira-Araujo, K.T.P. Andrade, T.C.O.G. Rocha, S.R. Moreira Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between glucose and heart rate variability (HRV) during 24h after different resistance exercise (RE) intensities in women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Equipment and methods Twelve women with T2D (55.2±4.0years; 70.1±11.4kg; 155.7±3.3cm) performed experimental sessions divided in two blocks separated by seven days and in a randomized order: block-A (session 1: contr...
Source: Science and Sports - December 20, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Change in marker of hydration correspond to decrement in lower body power following basketball match
Conclusion These results reaffirm the notion that basketball matches induce muscle damage and dehydration. As a novelty, these results suggest that dehydration have a important role on reduced explosive performance during basketball competition and should be a key point in recovery strategies. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 14, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reference values of vertical jumping performances and anthropometric characteristics in trained adolescents
Conclusion Percentiles values of vertical jumping performances and anthropometric characteristics are provided. the new Tunisian reference charts obtained can be used as a screening tool to determine growth disorders. This study may help in verifying the effectiveness of a specific training program and detecting highly talented athletes. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 2, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Should resistance training programs aimed at muscular hypertrophy be periodized? A systematic review of periodized versus non-periodized approaches
Conclusion Based on the results of our review, we conclude that similar hypertrophic effects may be achieved using either a PER or a NP approach. Importantly, the findings are specific to short-term training interventions, as the average duration of programs across studies amounted to ∼15weeks; and to untrained individuals, as only two studies involved resistance-trained participants. A limitation of the reviewed literature also pertains to the small number of studies (n =3) using direct measures of hypertrophy (i.e., magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound). Further research is needed to fill in the gaps in the curre...
Source: Science and Sports - December 2, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Depression and the benefits of physical activity
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2017 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): C.L. Conti, P.A. Ramos (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 2, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Efficacit é de l’airbag d’avalanche face au risque d’ensevelissement : revue de littérature (1996–2016)
Conclusion Cette mise au point semble d’autant plus nécessaire que les chiffres avancés par les producteurs et les médias spécialisés constituent la principale influence poussant à investir dans un airbag. Au-delà de l’affinement progressif des études centrées sur l’efficacité des airbags, il reste à investiguer, parallèlement, l’influence de la possession d’un airbag sur le processus décisionnel sur le terrain. Background In Europe, 130 people die every year in avalanches, mostly while practicing mounta...
Source: Science and Sports - December 2, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of LED therapy and cryotherapy recovery methods on maximal isometric handgrip strength and blood lactate removal in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) practitioners
Conclusion Results suggest that LED therapy and cryotherapy are associated with greater maximal isometric handgrip strength recovery between fights compared to passive recovery. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 2, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Compl émentarité de la chirurgie bariatrique et de l’activité physique
Conclusion En résumé, l’ensemble des articles présentés montrent des effets bénéfiques sur les comorbidités et complications de l’obésité. Cependant, les protocoles d’entraînement sont hétérogènes entre les études. Des études complémentaires sont nécessaires afin de mieux préciser les stratégies les plus adaptées. News Bariatric surgery has taken a large place in the modern treatment of obesity but its long-term effectiveness is compromised in 20–30% of cases by ...
Source: Science and Sports - November 17, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of different exercise modalities on the heart rate recovery response
Conclusion Therefore, we suggest that by adopting both MSA and MVPA guidelines, one may have favorable health outcomes given the previously established inverse relationship between HRR and all-cause mortality. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 14, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Cardiovascular demands and training load during a Zumba ® session in healthy adult women
Conclusion Findings from the present study support that Zumba® provides sufficient cardiorespiratory demand for enhancing aerobic fitness mostly in younger adults. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 12, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Consommation de produits ergog éniques au sein d’unités de combat de l’armée en opération extérieure
Discussion La consommation de telles substances parmi les militaires des unités de combat est plus importante en opérations extérieures qu’en métropole, mais de même nature que chez les sportifs. Les raisons avancées en sont : l’augmentation de l’entraînement physique (musculation surtout), une recherche esthétique, une recherche d’amélioration des performances physiques et de la vigilance. Cette dernière peut être mise en corrélation avec la consommation massive de boissons énergisantes même si cela n...
Source: Science and Sports - November 11, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of 6 weeks of betaine or C-phycocyanin supplementation associated or not with wheel running on redox status
Conclusion The diet supplementations alone appear to have stronger effects on redox balance than the exercise training alone. It could be interesting to evaluate whether betaine or C-phycocyanin could modulate the oxidative stress and inflammation, which occurs during pathologies such as cancer. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 11, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors and dietary habits among Moroccan adolescents in secondary school
Conclusion These results show important associations between modifiable environmental factors with PI. The promotion of healthy lifestyles including active living should be a national public health priority. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 11, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Determinants of performance in university taekwondo athletes
Conclusion Somatotype in itself may not directly contribute to improved performance, but in combination with general and competition-specific taekwondo experience, it may be facilitated. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 11, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research