The effects of musical auditory stimulation on cardiorespiratory variables after aerobic exercise
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): R.L. Gomes, L.C.M. Vanderlei, D.M. Garner, R.L. de Marco, L.A. Gonzaga, V.E. ValentiSummaryObjectiveTo investigate the effect of music auditory stimulation on cardiorespiratory parameters in recovery from exercise.MethodsThirty-five healthy men underwent an experimental protocol with three steps: maximal exercise test, control protocol and music protocol. The control protocol consisted of 15 minutes of rest, followed by 30 minutes of exercise on a treadmill and 60 minutes of recovery. In the music protocol volunteers wer...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Eccentric resistance training reduces both non-response to exercise and cardiovascular risk factors in adult with overweight or obesity
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A. Díaz-Vegas, A. Espinoza, C. Cofré, P. Sánchez-AguileraSummaryObjectivesThe aim of this study was to compare the effect of concentric or eccentric resistance training on different cardiovascular risk factors and the prevalence of non-response to exercise.Materials and methodsTwenty two overweight or obese men were divided into two exercise groups and underwent concentric (CRT) or eccentric resistance (ERT) training respectively, that consisted in squats developed with the help of a Russian belt. Each protocol was pe...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

High intensity interval training negatively affects mood state in professional athletes
This study aimed to identify the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on psychological responses and to verify the relationship between Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and the Profile of Mood State (POMS) scores.Equipment and methodsTwenty male soccer players took part in the study (mean ± SD: age = 23.85 ± 0.9 years). Training session: 28-min (4 × 4 minutes work interspersed with 3-min of passive recovery). Effort: HIIT: intermittent 10-s runs at 120% maximal aerobic speed interspersed with10-s of passive recovery. Psychological responses w...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Beetroot juice supplementation does not modify the 3-km running performance in untrained women
ConclusionThe analysis concluded that untrained women supplemented with 500 mL of beetroot juice 30 minutes before a 3-km running performance presented a modified RPE and Glycpost, with no significant differences in HRmax, Lapeak and Glycpre.RésuméL’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer l’effet aigu de la supplémentation en jus de betterave ingérée 30 minutes avant une performance de course à pied sur 3 km chez des femmes non entraînées. Y ont participé huit femmes non entraînées (30,1 ±...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Proportion de porteurs de la compression élastique selon le classement final des 4 dernières éditions de l’Ultra-Trail du Mont-Blanc
ConclusionLe test de Khi-carré indique que la CE était davantage utilisée (p 
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Intake of carbohydrate-protein supplements by recreational users at gyms: Body composition improved?
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): O. Saidi, I. Bezrati-Ben Ayed, A. Benzarti, P. Duché, R. SerairiSummaryObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to investigate the spontaneous use of protein and carbohydrate supplements (PCS) in amateurs practicing resistance training in gyms, and determine whether the intake of this type of supplement in practice can have beneficial effects on energy balance and body composition.Equipment and methodsSixty-seven men followed the same resistance training for 8 weeks. They were assigned to two groups: (i) 27 consuming protein and ca...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) inhibition on the aerobic and the anaerobic endurance exercise capacity
ConclusionThese results suggest that NNMT inhibition significantly impairs the performance in anaerobic endurance exercise but not in aerobic endurance exercise.RésuméIntroductionDe nombreuses études ont montré que la nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) joue un rôle important dans la régulation du métabolisme énergétique et dans la synthèse d’ATP, ce qui implique que l’activité de NNMT devrait être associée à la performance sportive.Méthodes et résultatsPour tester cette hypothèse, nous avons...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Injury prediction in aerobic gymnastics based on anthropometric variables
ConclusionStudies that analyze anthropometric characteristics can contribute to understanding what variables or parameters may cause injuries in athletes. Thus, in the future, intervention strategies could be developed and the onset of certain injuries could be prevented.RésuméObjectifsDéterminer un modèle mathématique par régression logistique capable de prédire les blessures chez les athlètes de gymnastique aérobic selon certaines caractéristiques anthropométriques.MéthodesNous avons recruté 73 athlètes, dont 51 &e...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of resveratrol on exercise performance: A review
ConclusionThese facts allow us to assume that resveratrol could be used regularly as a dietary supplement for athletes of many disciplines, especially endurance ones.RésuméIntroductionLe resvératrol (3, 5, 40-trihydroxystilbène), est un polyphénol, trouvé dans les raisins, les noix et le vin rouge. Il appartient au groupe de substances supposées expliquer le « paradoxe français », c’est à dire la moindre mortalité cardiovasculaire malgré une alimentation riche en graisses.Synthèse des faitsNotre revue fait le poi...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of honey on exercise performance and health components: A systematic review
ConclusionHoney alone could potentially improve aerobic exercise performance; however studies are limited. Meanwhile, honey in combination with exercise promotes bone health and improves immune systems. It is believed that CHO and other constituents of honey play an important role during exercise in exerting the said benefits.RésuméIntroductionLe miel est principalement composé de glucides, minéraux, et vitamines, susceptibles d’avoir des effets bénéfiques sur la performance à l’exercice et sur la santé. Nous présentons une revue génér...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Repeated sprint ability and dynamic post-exercise recovery in soccer players
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): P. Chmura, M. van Gent, A. Rokita, J. Chmura (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Agenda
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Le parachutisme militaire
ConclusionActivité à risque de blessure, le parachutisme militaire nécessite des équipes médicales organisées et impliquées dans la sélection et le suivi des parachutistes ainsi que dans la prise en charge de pathologies spécifiques. Cette implication médicale permet de préserver les capacités opérationnelles des unités de combat.SummaryObjectiveThis paper seeks to expose updated military parachuting technics and induced injuries patterns.ContentUnlike civilian practice, military parachuting is not a final goal in itself but i...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d’articles
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Complémentarité de la chirurgie bariatrique et de l’activité physique
ConclusionEn résumé, l’ensemble des articles présentés montrent des effets bénéfiques sur les comorbidités et complications de l’obésité. Cependant, les protocoles d’entraînement sont hétérogènes entre les études. Des études complémentaires sont nécessaires afin de mieux préciser les stratégies les plus adaptées.SummaryNewsBariatric surgery has taken a large place in the modern treatment of obesity but its long-term effectiveness is compromised in 20–30% of cases...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Combat sport injuries profile: A review
ConclusionIn this review, a preliminary injury profiles in combat sports was established containing location and types of injuries. Compared to other sports, combat sports are no more dangerous especially for beginner practitioners.RésuméObjectifsL’objectif de cette revue est de fournir un aperçu sur la localisation, le diagnostic, les facteurs de risques et la prévention des blessures chez les praticiens de différents sports de combat.ActualitésCette revue a été réalisée à partir des bases de données de Medline (via Pubmed), ScienceD...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of exercise on concentrations of irisin in overweight individuals: A systematic review
ConclusionThe increase in irisin concentrations after exercise is transient. Further research is needed to assess whether this change has a cumulative effect and actually acts on thermogenesis.RésuméIntroductionL’irisine est une myokine induite par l’exercice et qui est associée à une hausse de la thermogenèse. Cependant, l’effet des interventions sur la production et la libération de l’irisine, ainsi que son potentiel thérapeutique dans les maladies liées au surpoids, est controversé.ObjectifÉvaluer si les exercices aigus et chro...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effet d’un exercice de type aérobie sur le stress oxydatif : étude comparative entre judokas et sédentaires
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): K. Elabed, L. Masmoudi, K. Trabelsi, A. HakimRésuméObjectifL’objectif de ce travail était d’identifier l’effet de l’exercice aérobie sur les marqueurs du stress oxydatif. Il s’agit d’une étude prospective qui a été réalisée dans le cadre des travaux menés par le laboratoire de pharmacologie de la faculté de médecine de Sfax.Matériel et méthodesLa population d’étude a été divis&ea...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Exercice physique et cinétique glycémique chez l’adolescent atteint de diabète de type 1 à Brazzaville (Congo)
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): J.R. Mabiala Babela, S.V. Missambou Mandilou, E. Bouenizabila, L.C. Ollandzobo Ikobo, E.R. Nika, A. Massamba, P. SengaRésuméObjectifApprécier l’influence de l’effort physique, de l’âge et de l’état nutritionnel sur la cinétique de la glycémie chez l’adolescent atteint de diabète de type 1.Matériel et méthodesÉtude transversale, cas-témoins, incluant 29 adolescents atteints de diabète de type 1 (DT1) et 29 non-...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of exercise training and nebivolol treatment on atherosclerotic plaque development, iNOS expression and antioxidant capacity in apoE−/− mice
ConclusionWhile aerobic exercise training reduces antioxidant activity in the liver, nebivolol treatment attenuates atherosclerotic plaque development in apoE−/− mice, but the expression of iNOS is not affected. The combination of treatments does not add on benefits.RésuméObjectifsÉvaluer les effets de l’entraînement physique et du nébivolol soit seul ou en combinaison sur le développement de la plaque athérosclérotique, l’expression de l’iNOS et la capacité antioxydante chez les souris déficitaires en apolipoprotéine ...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Heel lifts stiffness of sports shoes could influence posture and gait patterns
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): S. Hessas, M. Behr, M. Rachedi, I. BelaidiSummaryPurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate how different commercial heel lift stiffness could affect gait and posture patterns, in order to propose to athletes the most appropriate which can reduce injury risk by moderating the effects of repeated impacts, plantar pressure and excessive pronation or supination.MethodsTen healthy young male volunteers were asked to wear successively three pairs of heel lifts, with identical geometry but different stiffness. Static tests consisted in me...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A wearable sweat rate sensor to monitor the athletes’ performance during training
ConclusionWe presented a prototype of a wearable sweat rate sensor for localized measurements. The trials on thirteen athletes proved that the performance of our sensor is comparable to that of a commercial medical device. This sweat rate sensor can provide valuable information on athletes’ hydration status.RésuméObjectifsNous avons développé un capteur portable pour mesurer le taux de sudation en temps réel dans des zones précises du corps humain. Ce capteur pourrait conduire à un réseau portable, afin d’estimer le débit sudoral global, via un algo...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reference values of vertical jumping performances and anthropometric characteristics in trained adolescents
ConclusionPercentiles values of vertical jumping performances and anthropometric characteristics are provided. the new Tunisian reference charts obtained can be used as a screening tool to determine growth disorders. This study may help in verifying the effectiveness of a specific training program and detecting highly talented athletes.RésuméObjectifConstruire des courbes et équations de percentile pour les performances de saut vertical et les paramètres anthropométriques à partir d’un échantillon représentatif d’adolescents sportifs tunisiens issus de plu...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Low intensity resistance exercise attenuates the relationship between glucose and autonomic nervous system indicators during 24 hours in women with type 2 diabetes
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): L.C. Cruz, A.A. Teixeira-Araujo, K.T.P. Andrade, T.C.O.G. Rocha, S.R. MoreiraSummaryObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between glucose and heart rate variability (HRV) during 24 h after different resistance exercise (RE) intensities in women with type 2 diabetes (T2D).Equipment and methodsTwelve women with T2D (55.2 ± 4.0 years; 70.1 ± 11.4 kg; 155.7 ± 3.3 cm) performed experimental sessions divided in two blocks separated by seven day...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of aerobic exercises on students’ physical health indicators
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): Y. Niu, D. Zhou, Z. MaSummaryObjectivesThe purpose of this research was to explore the impact of 12-week aerobic exercises on both weight index and indicators of cardiovascular endurance. An increasingly passive life-style of students has led to a growth in health related disorders. Complex aerobic exercises are regarded as a kind of activity affecting youth physical health.Equipment and methodsMaximum heart rate and maximum oxygen consumption were measured. Participants included 1180 17–21 aged students from five universities in A...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Clavicule flottante, à propos d’un cas
ConclusionLa clavicule flottante est une lésion traumatique rare mais potentiellement invalidante. Son diagnostic a bénéficié de l’apport de la TDM avec reconstruction 3D permettant un bilan lésionnel précis. Le choix du traitement est difficile. Chez les patients jeunes et actifs, une réduction anatomique à ciel ouvert et une stabilisation adéquate sont recommandées.SummaryIntroductionFloating clavicle or bipolar clavicular dislocation is a rare and little-known affection of the shoulder girdle. Through a case report and a review of the literature...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Does improving hematological iron status restore the menstrual cycle in female athletes?
ConclusionA NI aimed at improving iron status in female athletes with simultaneous iron deficiency and anemia can also improve the level of the hormones responsible for maintaining a regular menstrual cycle.RésuméObjectifCette étude vise à évaluer si une intervention nutritionnelle (IN) non pharmaceutique de 12 semaines visant à améliorer le statut en fer des athlètes féminines peut atténuer les désordres de leur cycle menstruel.Matériel et méthodesQuarante et une athlètes de sexe féminin possédant des troub...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of weight-bearing overload using elastic tubing on balance and functional performance in athletes with chronic ankle instability
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): G.R. Melam, A.A. Alhusaini, V. Perumal, S. Buragadda, A. Albarrati, R. LochabSummaryObjectivesThe purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of an exercise program using elastic tubing as a perturbation force on balance and functional performance in athletes with chronic ankle instability.Equipment and methodsThirty young university-level competitive athletes with chronic ankle instability participated in this pre–post experimental study. The star excursion balance test and single leg hop test were used to measure balance a...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of walking exercises on body composition, heart rate variability, and perceptual responses in overweight and obese adolescents
Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A. Hamila, M. Younes, F. Cottin, Y. Ben Amor, R. Shephard, Z. Tabka, E. BouhlelSummaryBackgroundTo assess the effects of various walking rehabilitation programs on body composition, heart rate variability, aerobic fitness and perceptual responses of overweight and obese young adolescents.MethodsA total of 31 young overweight and obese adolescents (12 boys and 19 girls) were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups: a group walking at 70% of maximal aerobic speed (70%MAS G, n = 7), a group walking at 50% of maximal aerobic speed (50...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sports practice is related to resting heart rate in adolescents regardless of confounding factors: Cross-sectional study
ConclusionResults indicate that practice of sports constitutes an important tool against high resting heart rate values.RésuméIntroductionNous avons étudié les associations entre le niveau de pratique de l’activité physique et la fréquence cardiaque de repos chez les adolescents.Résumé des faits et des résultatsL’échantillon était composé de 716 filles et 515 garçons âgés de 14 à 17 ans (15,55 ± 1,07). La fréquence cardiaque de repos a été &eacu...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Throwing distance constraints regarding kinematics and accuracy in high-level boccia players
ConclusionThe degree of spasticity and trunk control might affect performance in this sport.RésuméObjectifsLa boccia est un sport de précision qui exige une haute coordination et un contrôle des mouvements. Les catégories de handicap pour ce sport, tels que l’ataxie, l’hypertonie et l’athétose, provoquent des limitations dans la coordination des sportifs. L’objectif de cette recherche est d’étudier si la variation de la distance de tir peut altérer la cinématique et la précision de tir des athlètes.MéthodesCinq ...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of physical exercise on hippocampal volume in adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionThe results suggest that MICT, RT and CT could potentially augment hippocampus volume, being its practice encouraged to both prevent and treat individuals with neurodegenerative disease as Alzheimer.RésuméObjectifsIdentifier et évaluer l’effet des différents types d’activité physique (EP) sur le volume de l’hippocampe chez les humains.InformationsLes sources de données recherchées étaient : Medline/PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane, Lilacs et Scielo. Ont été exclus de l’analyse les articles qui décrivaien...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Does a congested fixture schedule affect psychophysiological parameters in elite volleyball players?
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A.L. Mortatti, J.C.B.L. Pinto, R. Lambertucci, S.M. Hirabara, A. Moreira (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Exercise training and pulmonary arterial hypertension: A review of the cardiac benefits
ConclusionRegular aerobic exercise of moderate intensity promotes cellular and molecular adaptations that improve myocardial function and structure along with increased exercise tolerance and survival.RésuméObjectifsLes patients souffrant d’hypertension artérielle pulmonaire (HAP) présentent une réduction de la capacité fonctionnelle et de la tolérance à l’effort. Malgré les preuves que l’entraînement physique est bénéfique pour cette population, il est encore testé si un exercice physique régulier peut att&ea...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Fitness benefits of padel practice in middle-aged adult women
This study aimed to quantify and compare the physical fitness condition and body composition in two groups of adult women (35–55 years old): sedentary (n = 30) and padel players (n = 30). Physical fitness assessment included static balance, upper-body muscular strength, lower-body muscular strength, abdominal endurance, lower-body flexibility and aerobic endurance. Body composition measurement included stature, height, body mass index, hip and waist circumference, skin-fold thickness and percentage of body fat. Women padel players get a better fitness conditioning, particularly in abdominal endurance (P 
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Oxidative stress, muscle and liver cell damage in professional soccer players during a 2-game week schedule
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): D. Viana-Gomes, F.L.L. Rosa, R. Mello, G.A. Paz, H. Miranda, V.P. SalernoSummaryObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to investigate the redox status in professional football players during a championship period consisting of two games interspersed with low-intensity training.MethodsThe collection of blood and saliva began at the start of a championship tournament that followed a week without any strenuous activity after a full season of games. Six collections were performed: (1) basal; (2) post-game one (day 2); (3) 48 h pos...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association of ACE ID and ACTN3 C>T genetic polymorphisms with response to a multicomponent training program in physical performance in women from 50 to 70 years
This study examined the effects of ACE ID and ACTN3 C>T in response to a multicomponent training program on power and strength levels, aerobic endurance and agility in women from 50 to 70 years.MethodsThe multicomponent training program was performed for 12 weeks, twice a week and each training session lasted 90 min.ResultsRegarding the ACE gene, the three groups improved performance in all tests, with the exception of the DD group in the sit to stand test and the ID group in the 6 minutes-walking test. Regarding the ACTN3 gene, the three groups improved performance in all tests, with the exception of the TT g...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Force-velocity muscular profiles and jumping performances of soccer goalkeeper
ConclusionThis suggests that whatever the goalkeepers’ level, specific and conditioning trainings should mainly focus on velocity to optimize the performance of this specific soccer player.RésuméObjectifsLe but de l’étude était de déterminer les capacités et profils musculaires mécaniques de gardiens de but de football très entraînés jouant au niveau national amateur.Matériels et méthodesOnze gardiens de but (de 4e division) ont réalisé des tests de sauts verticaux et, à l’aide d’une barre gu...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effets de l⬢entraînement pliométrique sur les propriétés mécaniques et géométriques du système muscle-tendon des fléchisseurs plantaires
ConclusionLes 10 semaines d⬢entraînement pliométrique ont modifié les performances en détente verticale, en souplesse et en force des sujets entraînés. Cette évolution des performances en détente et en force notamment pourraient être associées à la diminution de raideur de la fraction active de la composante élastique en série, à l⬢augmentation de raideur de la fraction passive de la composante élastique en série ainsi qu⬢à la diminution du coefficient de dissipation du tendon d⬢achille.SummaryOb...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Differential effects of post-exercise ice water immersion and room temperature water immersion on muscular performance, vertical jump, and agility in amateur rugby players: A randomized controlled trial
This study compared the effects of post-exercise water immersion at different temperatures on the muscular and functional performance in rugby players.MethodsFifty-three participants (21.6 ± 2.9 years) were randomly assigned to an ice water immersion (IWI; 5̊C) group, a room temperature water immersion (RWI; 25̊C) group, or a no-immersion group. After a bout of fatiguing exercise, the participants underwent an immersion intervention. The outcomes were measured at baseline and post-intervention. The isokinetic peak torque and time to peak torque during knee extension and flexion at 60°/s were rec...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Motor preferences in running and quiet standing
ConclusionThese preliminary results support the existence of an overlap in how humans regulate running and quiet standing, which is likely to involve local and global mechanisms.RésuméIntroductionLe pattern de course est un mouvement global et coordonné dans lequel différentes poses de pied peuvent être utilisés. Les poses de pied en talon et en plante de pied induisent des activations musculaires distinctes avec les fléchisseurs et extenseurs de cheville comme principaux régulateurs. Ces muscles jouent également un rôle dans le maintien de la position sta...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of strength training on bioenergetics parameters determined at velocity corresponding to maximal oxygen uptake in endurance runners
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that 8 weeks strength training improved the maximum dynamic strength and did not alter bioenergetics parameters measured at vV˙O2max in recreational endurance runners.RésuméObjectifLa présente étude analyse l’impact d’un programme d’entraînement en force sur paramètres bioénergétiques du jogging déterminés à la vitesse correspondant à l’absorption maximale d’oxygène (vV˙O2max).MéthodesSeize coureurs récréatifs à longue distance ont ét&...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Évaluation de la prévalence de l’hypertension artérielle de l’adulte en milieu du travail à Kinshasa, République Démocratique du Congo
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): G. Kusuayi Mabele, C. Nkiama Ekisawa, C. Delecluse, F. Lepira Bompeka, A. NkodilaNatuhoyilaResumeContexteL’hypertension artérielle (HTA) est un facteur de risque cardiovasculaire majeur dans la survenue d’accidents vasculaires cérébraux, d’insuffisance cardiaque, d’insuffisance rénale et de maladies coronaires qui représentent les principales causes de décès dans le monde. Les données insuffisantes sur l’hypertension artérielle en milieu du travail...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Exploration d’un coup de chaleur d’exercice : est-il possible de geler la récidive ?
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): S. Marchetti, S. Beighau, B. Lavenir, A. Jouvion, L. Thefenne, E. SaguiRésuméObjectifLe coup de chaleur d’exercice est une pathologie potentiellement mortelle pouvant récidiver dans 10 à 12 % des cas. Cette étude prospective sur deux ans avait pour but de quantifier le taux de récidive du coup de chaleur d’exercice après exploration protocolisée au sein des armées.Matériels et méthodesAprès un premier coup de chaleur d’exercice, ...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Development of specific tests in bike-trials riders and relationship with jumping ability
ConclusionThe field tests as well as the bike specific tests showed to be selective and discriminant for the biketrial rider's. Jumping ability appears to be very important in order to achieve the elite level.RésuméObjectifL’objectif de cette étude était d’une part, de mettre sur pied une batterie de tests de terrain permettant d’évaluer les qualités musculaires et spécifiques des trialistes et d’autre part, d’analyser leurs caractères discriminants en comparant les performances des pilotes d’élite avec les pilotes amateurs.M...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Balance des substrats à l’exercice déterminée par calorimétrie d’effort chez des patientes entreprenant un réentraînement après traitement d’un cancer mammaire
Publication date: June 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 3Author(s): G. Marinari, C. Espitalier-Rivière, C. Fédou, A.-J. Romain, J.-F. BrunRésuméL’activité physique (AP) est un élément très important de la prise en charge du cancer du sein (CDS) en complément de l’approche carcinologique. Elle diminue la mortalité, toutes causes confondues, de ces patientes. L’AP modérée s’est avérée tout particulièrement intéressante dans ce contexte, ce qui peut suggérer que le ci...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Artefactual incidence of V˙O2 plateau and V˙O2max in historical studies
Publication date: June 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 3Author(s): Rachel Barr, Cain C.T. Clark, Jo Corbett, Stephen B. DraperSummaryPurposeContemporary understanding of the time course of oxygen uptake suggests that traditional discontinuous tests are of insufficient duration to elicit a fully developed V˙O2 response. However, this remains to be empirically demonstrated. Thus, the aims of the present study were: (1) to investigate whether early V˙O2max assessments underestimated actual V˙O2, and (2) to investigate whether the apparent V˙O2 plateau observed in classic studies was an artefact of measu...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Suture à ciel ouvert du tendon d’Achille : récupération fonctionnelle au long cours
The objective of our study is to evaluate the functional recovery at one year of recoil after open suture of the Achilles tendon with the Achilles’ Traumatic Rupture Score.Material and methodsThis was a retrospective monocentric study of the 53 consecutive patients who had surgically treated open-cast traumatic Achilles tendon rupture between 2010 and 2016 at Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital. The primary endpoint was at least one year of functional recovery evaluated by the Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS). Secondary endpoints included time to recovery, sports recovery, surgical time, scarring,...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research