Physical activity behaviour in people with diabetes residing in India: A cross-sectional analysis
ConclusionsMost of the sample thought that physical activity is important to control diabetes, although few participated in regular physical activity. Findings also suggest that physical activity had a higher importance for men, for those with an advanced level of English and those under 60 years of age. Men, those with intermediate or advance level of English, and people under 60 years were significantly more active.RésuméObjectifDécrire et analyser les niveaux, les barrières et les facilitateurs de l’activité physique chez les adultes diabétiques résidant en Inde.M&e...
Source: Science and Sports - December 12, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Summer training camp decrease food intake in adolescent rugby football players
This study investigated appetite and food intake in adolescent rugby football players before and during a summer training camp. Eleven male national-level athletes who took part in a 6-day camp participated in this study. To calculate their physical activity level, participants wore heart-rate monitors during simulated rugby game training and accelerometers at other times. All participants took photographs of the food they ate during camp. The meals provided in the dormitory were recorded with the weighed-food record method. Before and after the camp, an ad libitum buffet test was carried out to assess appetite. Although t...
Source: Science and Sports - December 8, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Dopage sportif : connaissances et attitudes des athlètes des lycées sportifs algériens
ConclusionLes résultats rapportés par notre étude, bien que non exhaustives, suscitent une véritable préoccupation quant à l’ampleur du problème du dopage en Algérie. Il apparaît nécessaire et opportun d’engager une stratégie de prévention ciblée, afin d’améliorer les connaissances des sportifs, de corriger leur comportement à l’égard du dopage et, in fine, de prévenir la propagation de ce dernier.SummaryObjectiveOver the last few years, sport doping has occupied a major part in spor...
Source: Science and Sports - December 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Influence de la fatigue sur les paramètres biomécaniques de la foulée mesurés par accéléromètrie
ConclusionCette étude démontre d’une part, que le MyotestRun peut être un outil de terrain utile à l’analyse biomécanique de la course, et d’autre part, que l’influence de la fatigue sur la foulée, s’accorde avec la plupart des études tout en confirmant des différences interindividuelles très importantes.SummaryAims of the studyThe aim of the study was to investigate the influence of fatigue on stride biomechanics measured by a portable accelerometer, the MyotestRun. Opportunities of the protocol allowed additional analysis on the d...
Source: Science and Sports - November 30, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Body composition in high-level female rhythmic gymnasts of different age categories
The objectives of the research were to establish body composition profile in female rhythmic gymnasts of different age categories so as to test and/or determine the possibility of predicting success in Rhythmic Gymnastics performance on the basis of gymnasts’ body composition parameters.Materials and methodsEighty-four elite and sub-elite female rhythmic gymnasts (age: 12.9 ± 3.1 years, body height: 152.5 ± 14.6 cm, body mass: 40.6 ± 12.2 kg), distributed in five age categories (10 beginners, aged 7–9 years; 22 intermediate, aged 9–12 years; 18 ...
Source: Science and Sports - November 30, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Simultaneous bilateral and asymmetrical fracture of the radial head in a judoka: Exceptional injury by an exceptional mechanism
Publication date: Available online 28 November 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A. Bouya, A. Lamkhanter, O. Zaddoug, M. Benchakroun, A. Zine, A. Jaafar (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 28, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 14, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The use of anabolic hormones by Kuwaiti males
The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of anabolic hormones (AH) usage in Kuwaiti males, to examine characteristics of AH users, and to explore the association between AH use and the self-reported side effects.Material and methodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted among 150 Kuwaiti males visiting gyms in Kuwait city, Kuwait. Information on demographics and use of anabolic hormone was included in a self-administered questionnaire.ResultsA response rate of 94% was achieved. The prevalence of anabolic hormones in Kuwait was 22.7% (95% CI, 20.4–36.3), and it was higher among those in the 30–3...
Source: Science and Sports - November 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association de l’activité physique et du sommeil avec la composition corporelle des étudiants universitaires algériens
ConclusionNotre travail a mis en évidence des problèmes de sédentarité associés à la surcharge pondérale qui constituent des facteurs de risque pour la santé. Il est important de promouvoir l’activité physique pour prévenir et contrôler la surcharge pondérale. Des activités augmentant le NAP doivent être proposées pour diminuer les comportements sédentaires. Des actions d’information et de promotion en direction des étudiants doivent être envisagées pour susciter leur adhésion...
Source: Science and Sports - November 2, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d’articles
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 27, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The Effects of Resistance and Endurance Training on Levels of Nesfatin-1, HSP70, Insulin Resistance and Body Composition in Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): M. Mogharnasi, A. TajiTabas, M. Tashakorizadeh, S.H. NayebifarSummaryObjectivesNesfatin-1 and HSP70 are involved in the regulating mechanisms of insulin and glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 10 weeks of resistance and endurance exercise training on the serum levels of nesfatin-1, HSP70 and insulin resistance (IR) in women with type 2 diabetes.Materials and Methods26 women with type 2 diabetes were selected using purposive sampling and were randomly divided into three group...
Source: Science and Sports - October 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 5Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 17, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Évaluation d’un programme d’activité physique associant adolescents et parents issus de position sociale et économique défavorisée : l’étude pilote un parent-un ado
ConclusionCette étude pilote a mis en évidence la faisabilité et l’efficacité du programme qui peut maintenant être déployé à plus grande échelle et testé sous la forme d’un essai randomisé contrôlé. Ce programme pourrait en effet intéresser les responsables des collectivités locales pour la mise en œuvre d’actions favorables à la santé auprès des publics défavorisés.SummaryAimTo evaluate through a pilot study the feasibility and the impact of a physical activity ...
Source: Science and Sports - October 17, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sedentary behavior and physical activity classification using accelerometer cut points in 9–11-year-old children
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): B. Al-Hadabi, R. Haj SassiSummaryObjectivesTo validate accelerometer counts against oxygen uptake in 9 to 11 years old children performing a number of highly variable physical activities and to determine accelerometer cut-off points for sedentary behavior, light, moderate, and vigorous physical activities.Equipment and methodsEight boys and 6 girls aged 9 to 11 years old (height: 1.40 ± 0.06 m, body mass: 33.5 ± 5.1 kg, BMI: 16.9 ± 2.0 kg/m2, body fat: 17.0 &...
Source: Science and Sports - October 5, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of competition on stress salivary biomarkers in elite and amateur female adolescent inline skaters
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): F. Dehghan, F. Khodaei, L. Afshar, F.K. Shojaei, E. Poorhakimi, R. Soori, H. Fatolahi, M.A. AzarbayjaniSummaryObjectivesThe purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of competition on stress salivary biomarkers alpha-amylase (sAA), cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in elite or amateur female adolescent inline skaters.Material and methodsEighteen female adolescent inline skaters (9 elites and 9 amateurs) who have competed in official skate competitions, participated in the present study. Unstimulated whole s...
Source: Science and Sports - October 5, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d’articles
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - October 5, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of exercise training on the signaling pathway of Microrna196-A to uncoupling protein 1 in white adipose tissue
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): S. Daneshyar, S. Afshari, M. Kadivar, Y. Foroutan (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - September 22, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A risk-benefit analysis of maintaining an aerobic-endurance triathlon training program during pregnancy: A review
ConclusionPregnancy does not require complete cessation of triathlon training and can include each of the three sports. However, maternal heart rate (MHR) should not exceed 90% of maximal.RésuméObjectifsLes risques et les avantages possibles d’un programme d’entraînement au triathlon à base d’endurance pendant la grossesse ont été évalués.ActualitésL’exercice vigoureux tout au long du troisième trimestre peut abaisser le poids de naissance de 400 g, mais d’autres indices de bien-être fœtal ne sont pas affect&...
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Iron deficiency and aerobic endurance performance in a female club runner
ConclusionsOur results demonstrate that iron supplementation, increase in dietary iron intake and structured training induced improvements in: (i) Fer and other markers of iron status, (ii) running performance and (iii) VO2max of an iron deficient female club runner.RésuméObjectifL’objectif de cette étude de cas longitudinale était de quantifier les améliorations de performance, les adaptations de la filière aérobie ainsi que les niveaux de ferritine (Fer) et autres marqueurs pertinents chez une coureuse à pied ayant une carence en fer.MéthodesSur une p&e...
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Estimation of running endurance by means of empirical models: A preliminary study
ConclusionThe high relationship between the logarithms of Dlim and tlim suggested that power laws can be applied to subjects not-specialized in endurance. However, further studies with different protocols are necessary to determine if the power-law model is more accurate and useful than the logarithmic model in subjects who are not specialized in endurance.RésuméObjectifLes relations entre la distance (Dlim), la vitesse (S) et le temps d’épuisement (tlim) peuvent être décrites par différents modèles empiriques: lois de puissance (Dlim = ktlimg et S = ...
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Bénéfices physiques et psychologiques de l’activité sportive adaptée dans une cohorte de malades chroniques
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A. Ardoin, B. CanotRésuméIntroductionDe nombreuses études prouvent l’intérêt de la pratique sportive dans la prise en charge curative des patients, comme dans la prévention, primaire, secondaire comme tertiaire, de nombreuses maladies chroniques. L’action « À Reims Sportez votre santé » a pour but de remettre dans une pratique sportive régulière des patients sédentarisés et présentant des pathologies chroniques....
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Gender specific ACL loading patterns during the fencing lunge: Implications for ACL injury risk
ConclusionsThis investigation indicates that female fencers may be at increased risk from ACL pathologies. Future analyses should seek to investigate and implement strategies aimed at reducing ACL loading in female fencers.RésuméObjectifDéterminer si les différences entre les sexes sont déterminantes dans l’étiologie des blessures des LCA lors d’une fente.MéthodesLe chargement des LCA a été effectué sur un groupe de dix hommes et dix femmes escrimeurs en utilisant une camera 3D à capture d’images et complété par des...
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effets du type d’entraînement sportif sur le niveau d’excitabilité des motoneurones
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): M. Ben cheikh, M. Najimi, X. Bigard, L. BahiRésuméObjectifsExaminer les effets de l’entraînement aérobie ou anaérobie sur la plasticité neuronale spinale par le biais du réflexe de Hoffmann (H) et l’onde motrice M. Cette étude se propose de discuter l’hypothèse selon laquelle ces réponses réflexes pourront être utilisées pour estimer l’excitabilité des motoneurones et la transmission synaptique spinale.Méthod...
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Measurement of electromyography during bobsleigh push-start: A comparison with world top-ranked athletes
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): S.-H. Park, S.-T. Lim, T.-W. KimSummaryAimsIn the present study, we aimed to determine the muscles that mostly respond to the push-start of the sled.MethodsSeven male Korea Winter Olympics elite athletes form the two-man bobsleigh team. Performance was assessed using push-start time. Electromyogram (EMG) activity of the rectus femoris (RF), tibialis anterior (TA), gastrocnemius medialis (GM), and biceps femoris (BF) muscles was recorded during the push-start phases.ResultsThe paired t-test showed that right and left GM activity (P 
Source: Science and Sports - September 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Could dysmenorrhea decrease strength performance when a velocity-based resistance testing is used?
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A. Martínez-Cantó, M. Moya-Ramón, D. PastorSummaryAimsTo analyse performance across the menstrual cycle using optimal load and a velocity-based training, and to check the impact of dysmenorrhea in this type of training.MethodsFive eumenorrheic women with a normal menstrual cycle participated in four performance tests: 20-meter linear sprint, counter-movement jump, bench-press and half-squat. The tests were performed at the time of menstruation and in the luteal-phase. In addition, data of mood states, sleep quali...
Source: Science and Sports - September 18, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A systematic review on dry-land strength and conditioning training on swimming performance
ConclusionIt is recommended that S&C training should be based on maximal strength, ranging from six to twelve weeks of 2 to 4 sessions per week (approximately 24 sessions altogether). In each session, coaches should vary from 2 to 3 sets and 3 to 5 repetitions, according to prescribed intensity. Rest intervals should range between 2 to 5 minutes and the intensity should be from 80 to 90% of 1RM. Particularly regarding improving starts and turns, a S&C training regime ranging from 6 to 8 weeks and with 2 sessions per week is suggested. In each session, swimmers should perform between 1 and 6 sets and 1 and 10 r...
Source: Science and Sports - September 16, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Agenda
Publication date: September 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 4Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - August 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 4Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - August 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

In memoriam Pierre Berteau
Publication date: September 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 4Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - August 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d’articles
Publication date: Available online 14 July 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 15, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Un recrutement massif de fibres conjonctives semble accompagner les étirements longs et intenses de la loge antérieure de la cuisse
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): F. Germain, E. Lemarchand (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 13, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of musical auditory stimulation on cardiorespiratory variables after aerobic exercise
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): R.L. Gomes, L.C.M. Vanderlei, D.M. Garner, R.L. de Marco, L.A. Gonzaga, V.E. ValentiSummaryObjectiveTo investigate the effect of music auditory stimulation on cardiorespiratory parameters in recovery from exercise.MethodsThirty-five healthy men underwent an experimental protocol with three steps: maximal exercise test, control protocol and music protocol. The control protocol consisted of 15 minutes of rest, followed by 30 minutes of exercise on a treadmill and 60 minutes of recovery. In the music protocol volunteers wer...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Eccentric resistance training reduces both non-response to exercise and cardiovascular risk factors in adult with overweight or obesity
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): A. Díaz-Vegas, A. Espinoza, C. Cofré, P. Sánchez-AguileraSummaryObjectivesThe aim of this study was to compare the effect of concentric or eccentric resistance training on different cardiovascular risk factors and the prevalence of non-response to exercise.Materials and methodsTwenty two overweight or obese men were divided into two exercise groups and underwent concentric (CRT) or eccentric resistance (ERT) training respectively, that consisted in squats developed with the help of a Russian belt. Each protocol was pe...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

High intensity interval training negatively affects mood state in professional athletes
This study aimed to identify the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on psychological responses and to verify the relationship between Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and the Profile of Mood State (POMS) scores.Equipment and methodsTwenty male soccer players took part in the study (mean ± SD: age = 23.85 ± 0.9 years). Training session: 28-min (4 × 4 minutes work interspersed with 3-min of passive recovery). Effort: HIIT: intermittent 10-s runs at 120% maximal aerobic speed interspersed with10-s of passive recovery. Psychological responses w...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Beetroot juice supplementation does not modify the 3-km running performance in untrained women
ConclusionThe analysis concluded that untrained women supplemented with 500 mL of beetroot juice 30 minutes before a 3-km running performance presented a modified RPE and Glycpost, with no significant differences in HRmax, Lapeak and Glycpre.RésuméL’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer l’effet aigu de la supplémentation en jus de betterave ingérée 30 minutes avant une performance de course à pied sur 3 km chez des femmes non entraînées. Y ont participé huit femmes non entraînées (30,1 ±...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Proportion de porteurs de la compression élastique selon le classement final des 4 dernières éditions de l’Ultra-Trail du Mont-Blanc
ConclusionLe test de Khi-carré indique que la CE était davantage utilisée (p 
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Intake of carbohydrate-protein supplements by recreational users at gyms: Body composition improved?
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018Source: Science & SportsAuthor(s): O. Saidi, I. Bezrati-Ben Ayed, A. Benzarti, P. Duché, R. SerairiSummaryObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to investigate the spontaneous use of protein and carbohydrate supplements (PCS) in amateurs practicing resistance training in gyms, and determine whether the intake of this type of supplement in practice can have beneficial effects on energy balance and body composition.Equipment and methodsSixty-seven men followed the same resistance training for 8 weeks. They were assigned to two groups: (i) 27 consuming protein and ca...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) inhibition on the aerobic and the anaerobic endurance exercise capacity
ConclusionThese results suggest that NNMT inhibition significantly impairs the performance in anaerobic endurance exercise but not in aerobic endurance exercise.RésuméIntroductionDe nombreuses études ont montré que la nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) joue un rôle important dans la régulation du métabolisme énergétique et dans la synthèse d’ATP, ce qui implique que l’activité de NNMT devrait être associée à la performance sportive.Méthodes et résultatsPour tester cette hypothèse, nous avons...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Injury prediction in aerobic gymnastics based on anthropometric variables
ConclusionStudies that analyze anthropometric characteristics can contribute to understanding what variables or parameters may cause injuries in athletes. Thus, in the future, intervention strategies could be developed and the onset of certain injuries could be prevented.RésuméObjectifsDéterminer un modèle mathématique par régression logistique capable de prédire les blessures chez les athlètes de gymnastique aérobic selon certaines caractéristiques anthropométriques.MéthodesNous avons recruté 73 athlètes, dont 51 &e...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of resveratrol on exercise performance: A review
ConclusionThese facts allow us to assume that resveratrol could be used regularly as a dietary supplement for athletes of many disciplines, especially endurance ones.RésuméIntroductionLe resvératrol (3, 5, 40-trihydroxystilbène), est un polyphénol, trouvé dans les raisins, les noix et le vin rouge. Il appartient au groupe de substances supposées expliquer le « paradoxe français », c’est à dire la moindre mortalité cardiovasculaire malgré une alimentation riche en graisses.Synthèse des faitsNotre revue fait le poi...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of honey on exercise performance and health components: A systematic review
ConclusionHoney alone could potentially improve aerobic exercise performance; however studies are limited. Meanwhile, honey in combination with exercise promotes bone health and improves immune systems. It is believed that CHO and other constituents of honey play an important role during exercise in exerting the said benefits.RésuméIntroductionLe miel est principalement composé de glucides, minéraux, et vitamines, susceptibles d’avoir des effets bénéfiques sur la performance à l’exercice et sur la santé. Nous présentons une revue génér...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Does improving hematological iron status restore the menstrual cycle in female athletes?
ConclusionA NI aimed at improving iron status in female athletes with simultaneous iron deficiency and anemia can also improve the level of the hormones responsible for maintaining a regular menstrual cycle.RésuméObjectifCette étude vise à évaluer si une intervention nutritionnelle (IN) non pharmaceutique de 12 semaines visant à améliorer le statut en fer des athlètes féminines peut atténuer les désordres de leur cycle menstruel.Matériel et méthodesQuarante et une athlètes de sexe féminin possédant des troub...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Repeated sprint ability and dynamic post-exercise recovery in soccer players
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): P. Chmura, M. van Gent, A. Rokita, J. Chmura (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Agenda
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Le parachutisme militaire
ConclusionActivité à risque de blessure, le parachutisme militaire nécessite des équipes médicales organisées et impliquées dans la sélection et le suivi des parachutistes ainsi que dans la prise en charge de pathologies spécifiques. Cette implication médicale permet de préserver les capacités opérationnelles des unités de combat.SummaryObjectiveThis paper seeks to expose updated military parachuting technics and induced injuries patterns.ContentUnlike civilian practice, military parachuting is not a final goal in itself but i...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d’articles
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2018Source: Science & Sports, Volume 33, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Complémentarité de la chirurgie bariatrique et de l’activité physique
ConclusionEn résumé, l’ensemble des articles présentés montrent des effets bénéfiques sur les comorbidités et complications de l’obésité. Cependant, les protocoles d’entraînement sont hétérogènes entre les études. Des études complémentaires sont nécessaires afin de mieux préciser les stratégies les plus adaptées.SummaryNewsBariatric surgery has taken a large place in the modern treatment of obesity but its long-term effectiveness is compromised in 20–30% of cases...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Combat sport injuries profile: A review
ConclusionIn this review, a preliminary injury profiles in combat sports was established containing location and types of injuries. Compared to other sports, combat sports are no more dangerous especially for beginner practitioners.RésuméObjectifsL’objectif de cette revue est de fournir un aperçu sur la localisation, le diagnostic, les facteurs de risques et la prévention des blessures chez les praticiens de différents sports de combat.ActualitésCette revue a été réalisée à partir des bases de données de Medline (via Pubmed), ScienceD...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of exercise on concentrations of irisin in overweight individuals: A systematic review
ConclusionThe increase in irisin concentrations after exercise is transient. Further research is needed to assess whether this change has a cumulative effect and actually acts on thermogenesis.RésuméIntroductionL’irisine est une myokine induite par l’exercice et qui est associée à une hausse de la thermogenèse. Cependant, l’effet des interventions sur la production et la libération de l’irisine, ainsi que son potentiel thérapeutique dans les maladies liées au surpoids, est controversé.ObjectifÉvaluer si les exercices aigus et chro...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research