Effets chroniques de l ’exercice ciblé au niveau d’oxydation maximale des lipides (LIPOXmax) sur le comportement alimentaire de sujets obèses sédentaires
Publication date: February 2016 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 31, Issue 1 Author(s): M. Guiraudou, A.-J. Romain, M. Mawunu, K. Bedjih, C. Fédou, J.-F. Brun Introduction L’exercice physique a un effet satiétogène et un effet orexigène, ce dernier semblant favorisé par la déplétion glycogénique et les exercices à haute intensité. L’équilibre entre ces deux effets semble déterminer fortement l’effet de l’activité musculaire sur l’adiposité. Notre hypothèse est que l’eff...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

R éponses physiologiques à l’exercice en altitude modérée : intérêt de la mesure de la SpO2
Conclusion Cette étude a souligné l’importance de mesurer la SpO2 lors des tests d’effort en plaine pour les athlètes voulant performer en altitude. En effet, les athlètes présentant une diminution de SpO2 en plaine ont une plus grande diminution de V ˙ O 2 max et de FCmax en altitude modérée. Pour tous les athlètes, les FC et les puissances des SV doivent être adaptées en altitude modérée aiguë. Aim To predict the effect of moderate altitude exposure on performance and cardiorespiratory adaptations in order ...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Accident d ’évolution des dents de sagesse et sport de haut niveau
Publication date: April 2016 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 31, Issue 2 Author(s): F. Denis, V. Guillerminet, V. Ahossi Les accidents d’évolution des dents de sagesse s’observent à la fin de l’adolescence et chez l’adulte jeune entre 16 et 25ans. Les sportifs de haut niveau sont donc particulièrement exposés aux risques inflammatoires et infectieux lors de l’évolution de ces dents. Le sportif de haut niveau est un sujet singulier chez lequel la gestion de ce problème de santé doit être discutée. Dans le cadre de c...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Synergie entre les effets amaigrissants de l ’activité musculaire ciblée au LIPOXmax et d’un enrichissement modéré en protéines du blanc d’œuf
Conclusion Ce travail montre que la supplémentation en protéines de blanc d’œuf semble être un complément intéressant à l’activité physique en endurance douce ciblée sur l’oxydation des lipides. Purpose Both endurance exercise targeted on fat oxidation and moderate protein enrichment of diet have been demonstrated to be efficient weight-reducing procedures. In addition, protein enrichment has been shown to increase fat oxidation during exercise. We investigated whether these two strategies are synergistic for weight loss. We compared the weight...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Adaptation transculturelle et validation des questionnaires VISA-P et VISA-A en fran çais
Conclusion Les versions françaises des questionnaires VISA-P et VISA-A constituent donc des adaptations françaises compréhensibles, fiables et adaptées aux patients francophones souffrant de tendinopathie patellaire ou calcanéenne. Objectives Patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies remain very common musculoskeletal disorders in athletes. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patellar and – Achilles (VISA-P and VISA-A), English questionnaires developed respectively to assess the severity of patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies. The purpose of our study was to validate...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Modifications du pattern m écanique de course dans les suites d’une plastie du ligament croisé antérieur
Conclusion Une ligamentoplastie du genou entraînerait des adaptations du pattern de course similaires à celles précédemment observées chez des sujets sains en situation de stress (fatigue, biopsie, courbatures). Introduction Changes in the running mechanical pattern have been previously reported in various stressful situations of the lower limb. Similar adaptations may exist following an ACL reconstruction. Facts summary The main running mechanics including spring-mass variables of vertical and lower limb stiffness were calculated from step temporal measurements performed on a pressure m...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Fiabilit é des circonférences standards dans les applications liées au domaine de la composition corporelle
Conclusion Cette étude suggère la réappréciation de la circonférence de la taille. Cette mesure n’est pas fiable pour les individus minces mais pourrait l’être pour les obèses. Il semble que la combinaison du tour de poitrine et de celui des hanches pourrait avoir une application plus générale en santé publique. Au total, ces données confirment la signification attribuable d’une série de circonférences alors que d’autres semblent douteuses ou sont rejetées. Objectives There may be no doubt that circumfe...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse d ’articles
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Science & Sports, Volume 31, Issue 3 (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effets de l ’entraînement à jeun sur la V˙O2max, l’oxydation des lipides et la performance aérobie chez des jeunes hommes modérément entraînés
Conclusion Ainsi, quand un programme d’entraînement de volume réduit est planifié, réaliser les sessions à jeun ne semble pas apporter d’effets additionnels sur les modifications de la puissance et de la performance aérobies induites par l’entraînement. Les composantes de l’oxydation des lipides ne sont pas modifiées par cet entraînement qu’il soit réalisé à jeun ou à l’état nourri. Introduction We aimed at determining whether training in the fasted state would improve the effect of a low-volu...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

L ’exercice en endurance à faible intensité renforce-t-il l’efficacité amaigrissante d’une gastrectomie en manchon ?
Conclusion Le groupe sleeve +LIPOXmax présente une meilleure moyenne de perte de poids après 30 mois postopératoires, devançant l’autre groupe sleeve de +4,87kg, ce qui plaide en faveur de l’existence d’un effet additif des deux stratégies. Introduction Sleeve gastrectomy is a major therapy of morbid obesity, but recent reports suggest that its effects on weight loss are improved when patients increase their muscular activity. We present the first longitudinal study of sleeve associated or not with regular exercise prescribed and followed over 30 months. Methods T...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse de la vitesse d ’exécution de 101 tests isocinétiques réalisés sur des épaules pathologiques
Conclusion Ces résultats soulèvent la question de l’interprétation de ces évaluations lorsque les vitesses ne sont pas atteintes et encouragent à une vérification systématique des vitesses d’exécution avant l’interprétation d’un test. Afin de limiter la perte de données et les difficultés d’interprétation, il peut être discuté la réalisation de tests isocinétiques avec des protocoles de vitesses moins importantes. Objective Test the hypothesis that the isokinetic evaluation of pathol...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Lien entre le score de fatigue de l ’enfant sportif et la présence de blessures en section sportive scolaire
Conclusion Le QFES peut être un outil efficace pour le suivi et la prévention du syndrome de fatigue des élèves de sections sportives scolaires. Le respect de cycles de repos suffisants dans les calendriers d’entraînement et la bonne gestion du poids pourraient avoir un impact majeur sur la prévention de la fatigue et des blessures sportives de l’enfant. Introduction Middle school children involved in sports sections are the most exposed to fatigue syndrome (or overtraining syndrome). This syndrome can be explored through an auto-questionnaire of fatigue (Questionnaire d...
Source: Science and Sports - June 18, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of aerobic water running training on peripheral immune-endocrine markers of overweight-obese women
Conclusion In conclusion, deep water running was able to modulate immune-endocrine parameters in absence of significant improvements in body composition or VO2Peak in overweight-obesity women. This training could be an interesting tool to control the obesity-related chronic low-grade inflammation. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - June 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Thoracoabdominal mobility is improved in subjects with tetraplegia after one year of wheelchair rugby training
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): K.J. Sarro, J.V. Paris, M.A. Moreno, R.M.L. Barros Objective The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of one year of wheelchair rugby training on thoracoabdominal mobility and its association with lung volume in adults with tetraplegia. Equipment and methods Participants (10 male adults with chronic spinal cord injury at cervical level) underwent to regular training in wheelchair rugby. At the beginning and after one year of training, lung volume and tridimensional mobility of four-chest wall compartments (superior ...
Source: Science and Sports - June 15, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of a strength training method characterized by an incremental number of repetitions across sets and a very short rest interval
Conclusion The results of this study indicate that the 3/7 protocol is an efficient training modality to increase maximal strength. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - June 11, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Nutritional behavior of Polish canoeist's athletes: The interest of nutritional education
Conclusions Improvement of nutritional habits after workshops with nutritionists justifies the need to continue nutritional education among professional slalom canoeist and their coaches. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 24, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Lien entre le score de fatigue de l’enfant sportif et la présence de blessures en section sportive scolaire
Conclusion Le QFES peut être un outil efficace pour le suivi et la prévention du syndrome de fatigue des élèves de sections sportives scolaires. Le respect de cycles de repos suffisants dans les calendriers d’entraînement et la bonne gestion du poids pourraient avoir un impact majeur sur la prévention de la fatigue et des blessures sportives de l’enfant. Introduction Middle school children involved in sports sections are the most exposed to fatigue syndrome (or overtraining syndrome). This syndrome can be explored through an auto-questionnaire of fatigue (Questionnaire d...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Development, reliability and validity of a physical activity questionnaire for estimating energy expenditure in Greek adults
Publication date: Available online 14 April 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): S.A. Kavouras, M.I. Maraki, M. Kollia, A. Gioxari, L.T. Jansen, L.S. Sidossis Objectives The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of a single page, physical activity questionnaire, for estimation of energy expenditure in Greek adults. Equipment and methods The Athens Physical Activity Questionnaire (APAQ) was designed to assess energy expenditure of the previous 7 days, in Greek language. Sixty subjects (40 women, age: 20.9±1.7 years, BMI: 21.4±2.7kg/m2; 2...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute effect of caffeine consumption on isotonic muscular strength and endurance: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 14 April 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): M.D. Polito, D.B. Souza, J. Casonatto, P. Farinatti Objectives The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the acute effects of caffeine ingestion on maximal strength and muscular endurance in isotonic resistance exercises. Equipment and methods Up until March 2015, 17 studies which met the inclusion criteria, 42 trials related to muscular endurance and 5 trials related to muscular strength, were found from a search in the following databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, SportDiscus,...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effets de l’entraînement à jeun sur la V˙O2max, l’oxydation des lipides et la performance aérobie chez des jeunes hommes modérément entraînés
Conclusion Ainsi, quand un programme d’entraînement de volume réduit est planifié, réaliser les sessions à jeun ne semble pas apporter d’effets additionnels sur les modifications de la puissance et de la performance aérobies induites par l’entraînement. Les composantes de l’oxydation des lipides ne sont pas modifiées par cet entraînement qu’il soit réalisé à jeun ou à l’état nourri. Introduction We aimed at determining whether training in the fasted state would improve the effect of a low-volu...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of high-intensity interval training on ventilatory threshold and aerobic power in well-trained canoe polo athletes
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): M. Sheykhlouvand, M. Gharaat, E. Khalili, H. Agha-Alinejad Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of two different high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols on peak oxygen uptake ( V ˙ O 2 peak ) and ventilatory threshold (VT) in male well-trained canoe polo athletes. Methods Several aspects of V ˙ O 2 peak and VT were measured after two different training programs performed for 3 weeks. Following the pre-test, 21 well-trained male canoe polo athletes ( V ˙ O 2 pe...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Moderate aerobic exercise increases SOD-2 gene expression and decreases leptin and malondialdehyde in middle-aged men
Conclusion The present study shows that two months of moderate exercise led to a reduction in leptin and MDA levels and to an increase in the SOD-2 gene expression. Also, the decrease in serum leptin concentration seemed to be effective in reducing lipid peroxidation. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of resisted sprint vs. plyometric training on sprint performance and repeated sprint ability during the final weeks of the youth soccer season
Conclusion RS is slightly better than PT for avoiding decrements and improving sprint performance and RSA abilities at the end of the season. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a paddle match on the urinary excretion of trace minerals in high-level players
Conclusions The acute effect of a high-level paddle match is not entirely clear, since it has heterogenic effects on the minerals excretion: the biological elimination of some metals involved in antioxidant and energetic functions increased, which seems to indicate a rise in its organic metabolism, whereas other minerals did not seem to be affected by this type of efforts. Li excretion decreased, which might be a sign of a homeostatic retention process of this element. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Changes of vertical jump height in response to acute and repetitive fatiguing conditions
Publication date: Available online 21 April 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): S. Kamandulis, T. Venckunas, A. Snieckus, E. Nickus, J. Stanislovaitiene, A. Skurvydas Purpose The purpose of the study was to assess value of jump height variation as an indicator of neuromuscular fatigue in response to three acute interventions: (1) incremental leg cycling until volitional exhaustion, (2) 70 drop jumps, (3) 24hours sleeplessness; and (4) during 6-week period within a basketball competition season. Material and methods The typical markers of metabolic fatigue (blood lactate), exercise-induced muscle d...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a 16-week strength-training program on soccer players
Conclusion The 16-week strength-training program applied in Chinese soccer players (15–19years old) was successful in improving muscular endurance and maximal strength together with a better body composition. This study supports the introduction of strength training in the yearly soccer player planning. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Modifications du pattern mécanique de course dans les suites d’une plastie du ligament croisé antérieur
Conclusion Une ligamentoplastie du genou entraînerait des adaptations du pattern de course similaires à celles précédemment observées chez des sujets sains en situation de stress (fatigue, biopsie, courbatures). Introduction Changes in the running mechanical pattern have been previously reported in various stressful situations of the lower limb. Similar adaptations may exist following an ACL reconstruction. Facts summary The main running mechanics including spring-mass variables of vertical and lower limb stiffness were calculated from step temporal measurements performed on a pressure m...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Bilateral differences in knee and ankle loading of the support limb during maximal instep soccer kicking
Conclusions The findings from the current investigation have clinical significance and support the notion that kicking with the non-dominant limb may be associated with and increased injury aetiology. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Fiabilité des circonférences standards dans les applications liées au domaine de la composition corporelle
Conclusion Cette étude suggère la réappréciation de la circonférence de la taille. Cette mesure n’est pas fiable pour les individus minces mais pourrait l’être pour les obèses. Il semble que la combinaison du tour de poitrine et de celui des hanches pourrait avoir une application plus générale en santé publique. Au total, ces données confirment la signification attribuable d’une série de circonférences alors que d’autres semblent douteuses ou sont rejetées. Objectives There may be no doubt that circumfe...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyse de la vitesse d’exécution de 101 tests isocinétiques réalisés sur des épaules pathologiques
Conclusion Ces résultats soulèvent la question de l’interprétation de ces évaluations lorsque les vitesses ne sont pas atteintes et encouragent à une vérification systématique des vitesses d’exécution avant l’interprétation d’un test. Afin de limiter la perte de données et les difficultés d’interprétation, il peut être discuté la réalisation de tests isocinétiques avec des protocoles de vitesses moins importantes. Objective Test the hypothesis that the isokinetic evaluation of pathol...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Role of l-carnitine in sports performance: Focus on ergogenic aid and antioxidant
Conclusion This review discusses research findings on ROS regulation of LC from both basic and sports science fields. It will highlight the role of LC as an antioxidant and ergogenic aid to improve physical performance and control oxidative stress. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relative and absolute reliability of specific kickboxing circuit training protocol in male kickboxers
Conclusion The SKCTP is reproducible in trained kickboxers. It can be used as a training tool that simulates combat kickboxing in terms of its metabolic and technical requirements. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of combined training on bone metabolic markers in postmenopausal women
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): A. Pereira, A.M. Costa, A. Palmeira-de-Oliveira, J. Soares, M. Monteiro, J.H.H. Williams Objectives Exercise plays an important role in maximizing and subsequent reduction of the maximum rates of bone loss. The purpose of this study was to determine whether 16 weeks of combined exercise in postmenopausal would affect bone metabolism. Equipment and methods Eleven participants (53.1 [±4.0] years) performed combined training that consisted of 60–75% of 1 RM, 2–3 sets of 10–15 repetitio...
Source: Science and Sports - May 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Synergie entre les effets amaigrissants de l’activité musculaire ciblée au LIPOXmax et d’un enrichissement modéré en protéines du blanc d’œuf
Conclusion Ce travail montre que la supplémentation en protéines de blanc d’œuf semble être un complément intéressant à l’activité physique en endurance douce ciblée sur l’oxydation des lipides. Purpose Both endurance exercise targeted on fat oxidation and moderate protein enrichment of diet have been demonstrated to be efficient weight-reducing procedures. In addition, protein enrichment has been shown to increase fat oxidation during exercise. We investigated whether these two strategies are synergistic for weight loss. We compared the weight...
Source: Science and Sports - March 17, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Accident d’évolution des dents de sagesse et sport de haut niveau
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): F. Denis, V. Guillerminet, V. Ahossi Les accidents d’évolution des dents de sagesse s’observent à la fin de l’adolescence et chez l’adulte jeune entre 16 et 25ans. Les sportifs de haut niveau sont donc particulièrement exposés aux risques inflammatoires et infectieux lors de l’évolution de ces dents. Le sportif de haut niveau est un sujet singulier chez lequel la gestion de ce problème de santé doit être discutée. Dans le cadre de c...
Source: Science and Sports - March 17, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

L’exercice en endurance à faible intensité renforce-t-il l’efficacité amaigrissante d’une gastrectomie en manchon ?
Conclusion Le groupe sleeve +LIPOXmax présente une meilleure moyenne de perte de poids après 30 mois postopératoires, devançant l’autre groupe sleeve de +4,87kg, ce qui plaide en faveur de l’existence d’un effet additif des deux stratégies. Introduction Sleeve gastrectomy is a major therapy of morbid obesity, but recent reports suggest that its effects on weight loss are improved when patients increase their muscular activity. We present the first longitudinal study of sleeve associated or not with regular exercise prescribed and followed over 30 months. Methods T...
Source: Science and Sports - March 17, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of lower limb strength characteristics between youth and adult elite female team handball players
Conclusions These results provide novel data on the strength characteristics that distinguished youth and adult players. Increasing power output and explosive force should be prescribed to young players hoping to reach a top-class performance level. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 17, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Allometric scaling and age-related differences in change of direction speed performances of young soccer players
Conclusion Results indicated differences in CODS performance among soccer players of different age categories. These results demonstrated that developing allometric exponents are effective in controlling for anthropometric measures. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - March 15, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relative age effect in Olympic basketball athletes
Publication date: Available online 3 March 2016 Source:Science & Sports Author(s): F.Z. Werneck, E.F. Coelho, H.Z. de Oliveira, D.B. Ribeiro Júnior, S.P. Almas, J.R.P. de Lima, M.O. Matta, A.J. Figueiredo Objective To investigate the relative age effect (RAE) in Olympic basketball athletes, related to sex, continent and country. Methods The sample was composed of 300athletes who have competed in the London 2012 Olympic Games. Athletes’ date of birth was split into quartiles (trimester of born). For data analysis, Chi2 test was used with the level of significance set at 5%. Results The RAE w...
Source: Science and Sports - March 4, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Adaptation transculturelle et validation des questionnaires VISA-P et VISA-A en français
Conclusion Les versions françaises des questionnaires VISA-P et VISA-A constituent donc des adaptations françaises compréhensibles, fiables et adaptées aux patients francophones souffrant de tendinopathie patellaire ou calcanéenne. Objectives Patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies remain very common musculoskeletal disorders in athletes. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patellar and – Achilles (VISA-P and VISA-A), English questionnaires developed respectively to assess the severity of patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies. The purpose of our study was to validate...
Source: Science and Sports - February 29, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Recommendations for physical activity after stroke: Are they achieved before discharge from rehabilitation units?
Conclusion This study showed that two of three patients achieved the physical activity time recommendations when they left the physical medicine and rehabilitation unit; however, no patient achieved the recommended number of steps. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - February 26, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analyses de périodiques
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2016 Source:Science & Sports (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - January 28, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of body composition and physical fitness in elite and non-elite Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes
Conclusions The Brazilian jiu-jitsu elite athletes showed lower body fat percentage, higher abdominal and upper limb strength endurance, higher flexibility and absolute maximal strength in the bench press compared to non-elite athletes. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - January 27, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical fitness and physiological characteristics of soccer referees
Conclusion Our findings suggest the necessity of implementing specific training programs focused on maintaining change of direction ability, acceleration and aerobic capacity in referees older than 35years. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 25, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of dynamic whole-body vibration warm-up on lower extremity performance
Conclusion In the absence of change after the NWBV intervention, we concluded that our dynamic WBV exercise constitutes a successful warm-up procedure to improve lower extremity performance. The present results also emphasize that the effective acceleration of the WBV devices should be methodically monitored. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 22, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A program of circuit resistance training under hypobaric hypoxia conditions improves the anaerobic performance of athletes
Conclusions These data indicate that a CST in hypoxia conditions increases the anaerobic performance in trained athletes. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 20, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship between postural balance, lung function, nutritional status and functional capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Conclusion The present study confirms that body balance limitation is associated with lung function and nutritional status and exercise tolerance in COPD patients. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 20, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Short-term program of aerobic training prescribed using critical velocity is effective to improve metabolic profile in postmenopausal women
Conclusion In summary, the present study suggests that even a short-term of aerobic training, prescribed using critical velocity, is effective in decreasing whole body fat, central adiposity and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in postmenopausal women. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - December 3, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Prediction of the velocity associated with maximal heart rate in recreational runners from different relative submaximal running intensities
In conclusion, vHRmax-85% and vHRmax-90% calculated by Lacour et al. (1990, 1991) method appears to be the most adequate method to determine vHRmax, since it was closer to Vpeak and highly correlated to performance. (Source: Science and Sports)
Source: Science and Sports - November 30, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Évaluation instrumentale du profil postural chez des handballeurs. Étude pilote à propos de 24 handballeurs
Conclusion Le contrôle de l’équilibre est un paramètre fonctionnel important qui a un impact direct sur la performance du sportif. Les modalités et le type de contrôle postural à développer diffèrent en fonction de la discipline sportive. Introduction The handball is a sport which requires static and dynamic control of the body balance. Objective evaluation of stabilometric parameters is interesting and allows improving functional parameters by postural rehabilitation according to the characteristics of sport activities. Objective The objective of the study is t...
Source: Science and Sports - November 26, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research