[Prosthetic rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients: fixed - removable - combined? Metal - ceramics - all - ceramics? Implants? Anything goes! Part 1: two example cases of a combined fixed-removable restoration].
Authors: Schnabl D Abstract After a careful diagnosis, treatment planning and pretreatment, two partially edentulous patients were restored partly by onlays, crowns and bridges, partly by removable prostheses. According to esthetic and functional demands all- and/or metal-ceramic restorations were used as well as cast frame prostheses with clasps or extracoronal attachments. PMID: 25735004 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Frequency and anatomy of the retromolar canal - implications for the dental practice.
Authors: Filo K, Schneider T, Kruse AL, Locher M, Grätz KW, Lübbers HT Abstract The retromolar canal (RMC) is an anatomical variant of the mandibular canal. Apart from blood vessels it also contains accessory nerve fibers and is clinically important, because its presence can account for failures of mandibular block anesthesias and in rare cases, injuries of its neurovascular bundle can lead to complications such as hemorrhages and dysesthesias. The aim of this retrospective case study was to analyze the frequency and anatomy of the RMC using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in order to draw conclusion...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Possibilities and limits of imaging endodontic structures with CBCT.
Authors: Weber MT, Stratz N, Fleiner J, Schulze D, Hannig C Abstract An adequate portrayal of the root canal anatomy by diagnostic imaging is a prerequisite for a successful diagnosis and therapy in endodontics. The introduction of dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has considerably expanded the scope of imaging diagnostics. The aim of the following study was to evaluate the imaging of endodontic structures with CBCT. One hundred and twenty teeth were examined with a CBCT device (ProMax 3D). Subsequently, the findings of the three-dimensional images were evaluated and compared to those of dental radiograph...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[CEOT - Calcified anomalies in dental X-ray. A case-based review of differential diagnoses in radiopaque lesions in maxilla and mandible].
Authors: Lanzer M, Yildirim A, Kruse AL, Grätz K, Lübbers HT Abstract The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a benign tumor entity, usually localized in the molar region of the lower jaw. CEOT is not known for a destructive growth pattern, nevertheless it grows expansive. To properly diagnose a CEOT, histological verification is necessary. Due to its rare appearance and low incidence (approximately 4 cases per year worldwide), it is usually not diagnosed or thought of at once. Usually it happens to be the "surprising" diagnosis after histological verification. Hereby, we represent...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Vaccinations in dentistry. An update].
Authors: Abstract The purpose of this current paper is to give a simple update and overview about vaccinations for dental health care workers considering the new guidelines published in February 2014 by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. It is recommended to have at least a valid protection against hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, varicella, diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and pertussis. Dental health care workers are highly exposed and high risk carriers for inoculable diseases, therefore regular refreshment of vaccinations is necessary for public health and their own health. PMID: ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Health measures in the dental office].
Authors: PMID: 26168690 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Oral health and dental care of elderly adults dependent on care.
Authors: Baumgartner W, Schimmel M, Müller F Abstract The increase in life expectancy in Switzerland is posing new challenges, as more and more people are becoming dependent on care, both at home and in long-term care facilities. The dental profession must deal with patients retaining their own teeth until later in life with an increased incidence and severity of caries and periodontal diseases. The association between general and oral health is becoming important, particularly in older people with medical conditions. Aspiration pneumonia can develop as a result of pathogenic bacteria descending from the oral ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

The elderly patient: no reason to worry!?
Authors: Glenz F, Brand C, Besimo CE, Carlo CP Abstract In December 2013, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has placed Switzerland for the first time at the top of the list of countries’ general population life ex- pectancy. The augmenting life expectancy and demographic changes are leading to an increase in the number of older people who are dependent on care (Höpflinger & Hugentobler 2003, Höpflinger et al. 2011). Multimorbidity and the resulting polypharmacy have inevitable consequences for the oral health and present a challenge for dentists (Fried et al. 2001). As...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Utilization of dental services in old age.
Authors: Nitschke I, Stillhart A, Kunze J Abstract Regular utilization of dental services helps to improve and maintain oral and general health, even in old age. However, utilization behavior for dental services changes with age: preventive utilization behavior is often replaced by a symptom-driven one. With age, a decrease in the utilization of dental services can be observed, whilst the frequency of contact with physicians increases. The present review describes the current knowledge regarding the utilization of dental services in old age (frequency, reasons for non-utilization, modifying factors). The reasons fo...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Masticatory function and nutrition in old age.
Authors: Schimmel M, Katsoulis J, Genton L, Müller F Abstract Nowadays, many people retain their natural teeth until late in life as a result of the large success of preventive strategies. However, there is still a very high prevalence of edentulism especially in elderly patients and many of these patients are provided with inadequate dental prostheses. In addition, many elderly citizens suffer from systemic diseases leading to increased drug prescription with age. This may have direct or indirect negative effects on the health and integrity of oral tissues like teeth, mucosa or muscles. There is growing evide...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Anatomic (positional) variation of maxillary wisdom teeth with special regard to the maxillary sinus.
Authors: Lanzer M, Pejicic R, Kruse AL, Schneider T, Grätz KW, Lübbers HT Abstract The removal of wisdom teeth is one of the most common interventions in oral surgery. In order to avoid complications, a profound knowledge of the anatomy of teeth and adjacent tissues is crucial. In the case of maxillary wisdom teeth, their relationship to the maxillary sinus, to the pterygoid fossa, to the maxillary tuber and the adjacent venous plexus is particularly important. Three-dimensional (3D) imaging, for example by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), is increasingly utilized in practice. However, the n...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Zürcher A, Filippi A PMID: 26169600 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Stähli A, Bassetti M, Salvi GE, Sculean A, Mericske-Stern R, Bassetti R Abstract The aims of surgical crown lengthening procedures are to improve prosthetic reconstructions at teeth with limited hard tissue, to prevent periodontal problems and/or to improve esthetics. When planning and performing surgical crown lengthening, it is important to consider not only periodontal and technical aspects but also the gingival profile of the neighbouring teeth. This paper presents the systematic approach starting with the diagnosis and indication to the performed treatments and the obtained results and gives clin...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Besimo CE Abstract Gerodontology is still understanding itself as a special field that is caring for elderly persons in the 4th stage of life needing nursing and generally living in an institution. In spite of all efforts that have been made, oral health of this population has not really improved. The reason for this lies in the fact that the causes of oral diseases which we face in institutions occur much earlier, in the so-called 3rd stage of life, in which the elderly are living at home and care for their daily life more or less independently. Oral problems arising in this stage of life are closely rela...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Yildirim A, Metzler P, Lanzer M, Lübbers HT, Yildirim V Abstract Solcoseryl® is a protein-free haemodialysate, containing a broad spectrum of low molecular components of cellular mass and blood serum obtained from veal calves. Solcoseryl® improves the transport of oxygen and glucose to cells that are under hypoxic conditions. It increases the synthesis of intracellular ATP and contributes to an increase in the level of aerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. It activates the reparative and regenerative processes in tissues by stimulating fibroblast proliferation and repair of the col...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Siewczyk M, Altermatt HJ, Bornstein MM PMID: 26169990 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Comparison of two epinephrine concentrations in an articaine solution for local anesthesia in children.
Authors: Zurfluh MA, Daubländer M, van Waes HJ Abstract Painless dental treatment is of major interest in pediatric dentistry. Local anesthesia contains epinephrine, which prolongs soft tissue anesthesia.This, however, is often a source of iscomfort for children and is responsible for certain side effects (e.g., self-inflicted soft tissue lesions). The aim of this study was to investigate whether an epinephrine-reduced articaine solution could reduce the duration of soft tissue anesthesia and thereby reduce the risk of self-inflicted soft tissue lesions, while still providing an adequate anesthesia. In a non-i...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Schaffner M, Hotz P, Lussi A PMID: 26179240 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Deak A, Marinello CP Abstract The combination of scanning technology and CAD/CAM procedures allows to significantly reduce working time clinically as well as for the dental laboratory. In comparison to conventional complete denture fabrication, the AvaDent® system provides specific trays and registration plates to complete all the required patient recordings and steps in the first appointment. By virtual modeling (CAD) and milling of the denture (CAM) out of a solid acrylic puck, time-consuming flasking and packing procedures are needless. Due to the abscence of any polymerisation shrinkage of the dent...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Bassetti R, Tomasetti P, Kuttenberger J Abstract Lipomas represent a relatively rare finding in the oral cavity. They are classed with soft tissue mesenchymal neoplasms, are benign and normally show a painless slow-growing character. Important is the differential diagnosis toward the liposarcomas, which represent a malignant version of adipose neoplasia and as well show a painless slow-growing character. Therefore, in case of clinical suspicion of a lipoma, a histopathological examination of the excisional biopsy has to be exercised in order to confirm the clinical diagnosis. The aim of the present case re...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Yildirim A, Metzler P, Lanzer M, Lübbers HT, Yildirim V Abstract Solcoseryl® is a protein-free haemodialysate, containing a broad spectrum of low molecular components of cellular mass and blood serum obtained from veal calves. Solcoseryl® improves the transport of oxygen and glucose to cells that are under hypoxic conditions. It increases the synthesis of intracellular ATP and contributes to an increase in the level of aerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. It activates the reparative and regenerative processes in tissues by stimulating fibroblast proliferation and repair of the col...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Facial and Dental Injuries Facial and Dental Injuries in Karate.
Authors: Vidovic-Stesevic V, Verna C, Krastl G, Kuhl S, Filippi A Abstract Karate is a martial art that carries a high trauma risk. Trauma-related Swiss and European karate data are currently unavailable. This survey seeks to increase knowledge of the incidence of traumatic facial and dental injuries, their emergency management, awareness of tooth rescue boxes, the use of mouthguards and their modifications. Interviews were conducted with 420 karate fighters from 43 European countries using a standardized questionnaire. All the participants were semi-professionals. The data were evaluated with respect to gender, ku...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Frequency of injuries, in particular dental injuries, in ski jumping and Nordic combined.
This study investigates the frequency of injuries, in particular dental injuries, among ski jumpers and Nordic combined athletes. It also examines the level of knowledge regarding tooth protection and tooth rescue boxes in this population. Of the 465 sportswomen and sportsmen who took part in the study, 230 (62.5%) of the 368 ski jumpers and 56 (56.5%) of the 97 Nordic combined athletes had sustained an injury. In both disciplines injury was most likely among professionals. The survey participants reported injuries to the limbs (n = 216), head and lips (n = 273 and n = 253, respectively), torso or spine (n = 249), teeth (n...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Sterilisationsergebnisse bei mit Sporen versehenen Streifen.
Authors: Morandi PA, Kesseler D Abstract The Swiss Center for Quality Control organizes external quality assessment schemes for medical laboratories as well as biological monitoring of the sterilization process for autoclaves. Over the period from 2008 to 2012, 209 dental offices performed 4,709 sterilizations of biological indicators – strips covered by Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores. The median number of sterilizations per participant was 20. Steam autoclaves obtained better results than the Chemiclave. It turned out that 99 strips (2.1%) failed to be properly sterilized, and that 61 participants (29.2%) ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Chlorhexidindigluconat – Historie, Wirkmechanismus und Risiken.
Authors: Yildirim A, Metzler P, Lübbers HT, Yildirim V Abstract Chlorhexidine, one of the most frequently prescribed medications, belongs to a group of medicines called antiseptic antibacterial agents. It is indicated as a mouthwash in the treatment of gingivitis, as it cleans the skin after injury and can be used to clean hands before a procedure. Chlorhexidine works by killing or preventing the growth of bacteria on the mucosa or skin. It should not be used in individuals who are known to be hypersensitive to Chlorhexidine gluconate or other ingredients. It may cause some reversible tooth discoloration or an...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

SADMFR Guidelines for the Use of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/Digital Volume Tomography.
Authors: Dula K, Benic GI, Bornstein M, Dagassan-Berndt D, Filippi A, Hicklin S, Kissling-Jeger F, Luebbers HT, Sculean A, Sequeira-Byron P, Walter C, Zehnder M Abstract In 2011, the first consensus conference on guidelines for the use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was convened by the Swiss Society of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology (SGDMFR). This conference covered topics of oral and maxillofacial surgery, temporomandibular joint dysfunctions and disorders, and orthodontics. In 2014, a second consensus conference was convened on guidelines for the use of CBCT in endodontics, periodontology, reconstructive d...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Antonini L, Vajtai I, Bornstein MM PMID: 26399627 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Filippi C, Filippi A, Verna C Abstract Dental malocclusions (open bite and lateral cross-bite) or functional disturbances (persistent infantile swallowing) in young children do not occur rarely. They are often induced or reinforced by oral habits, such as thumb sucking or bottle feeding. The aim of this case series is to show the effect of a new type of pacifier on the development of open bite, cross-bite or tongue dysfunction. Three cases selected from the case series are reported to describe the effect of early treatment through the pacifier on the above-mentioned malocclusions in the 2nd and 5th years o...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
This study examines the risk taking behaviour of a particular group of SMEs, those established and run by liberal professionals. There is limited evidence on the economic behaviuor of liberal professionals despite the fact that they comprise a significant proportion of the SMEs in their national economies. The main objective of this research is therefore to extend research of behavioral economics theory and models to explain the economic behaviour of liberal professionals. In order to study this behaviour, I chose dentists to represent liberal professionals. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to self-employe...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Yildirim A, Metzler P, Lübbers HT, Yildirim V Abstract Chlorhexidine, one of the most frequently prescribed medications, belongs to a group of medicines called antiseptic antibacterial agents. It is indicated as a mouthwash in the treatment of gingivitis, as it cleans the skin after injury and can be used to clean hands before a procedure. Chlorhexidine works by killing or preventing the growth of bacteria on the mucosa or skin. It should not be used in individuals who are known to be hypersensitive to Chlorhexidine gluconate or other ingredients. It may cause some reversible tooth discoloration or an...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Liakoni E, Liechti ME Abstract «Laughing gas» (nitrous oxide N2O) has analgesic and sedative properties and is commonly used in dentistry because of its many advantages (ease of use, dose titration, rapid onset, lack of prolonged effects, both analgetic and anxiolytic effects). However, nitrous oxide may cause vitamin B12 deficiency, has abuse liability, and occupational exposure has been associated with infertility, spontaneous abortion, blood dyscrasias, and neurologic deficits. Scavenger systems are recommended to minimize exposure and personnel should be informed about the potential risks. ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Pretzl C, Lübbers HT, Grätz KW, Kruse AL Abstract CASE REPORT: TMJ-like symptoms as first sign of a tumorous disease. Metastasis as an uncommon origin of the symptoms (in German). PMID: 26470719 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Schenkel JS, Lübbers HT, Metzler P Abstract Local anaesthetics are an integral part of most dental procedures and are therefore widely used and safely applied. Though rare, complications may occur and can be categorized as local or systemic. In the majority they are of minor nature but there is a potential for severe and possibly lethal side effects. Local complications are nerve damage (mainly the lingual and the inferior alveolar nerve), lesions of vascular structures, hematoma formation, temporary palsy of the facial nerve and post injection pain being the most common local complication. Examples f...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Diagnostics of tongue coating using autofluorescence.
Authors: Hitz Lindenmüller I, Weiss P, Volken M, Filippi A Abstract In the present study, the VELscope® autofluorescence device was used in addition to the Winkel Tongue Coating Index (WTCI) to evaluate tongue coating; a corresponding index was developed for evaluation with VELscope®. The distinct orange fluorescence of the tongue dorsum caused by autofluorescent bacterially colonized areas motivates halitosis patients to optimize tongue hygiene. The tongue dorsum of 100 volunteers (35 males, 65 females, average age 51 years) was photographed with and without the autofluorescence device. On the compute...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Wound management and the use of mouth rinse in mandibular third molar surgery.
Authors: Vlcek D, Razavi A, Kuttenberger JJ Abstract The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and practice of Swiss dentists regarding wound management and the use of mouth rinse in surgical removal of mandibular third molars (MTM). A postal survey was conducted among all 3,288 dentists who are members of the Swiss Dental Society (SSO) representing the majority of dentists in Switzerland. The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions with mostly multiple-choice answers. Demographic profile, surgical experience, the use of antibiotics, and wound management, i.e. wound closure and the use of mouth rinse were ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research