[In Process Citation].
Authors: Yildirim A, Lübbers HT, Yildirim V Abstract Gutta-percha is a tough plastic substance from the latex of several Malaysian trees of the sapodilla family that resembles rubber but contains more resin. It is especially used as insulation and in dentistry. Gutta-percha endodontic filling points were found to contain approximately 20% gutta-percha (matrix), 66% zinc oxide (filler), 11% heavy metal sulphates (radiopacifier), and 3% waxes and/or resins (plasticiser). The mechanical properties were indicative of a partially crystalline viscoelastic polymeric material. PMID: 26797818 [PubMed - in process]...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - January 23, 2016 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Prevention of dental accidents in Swiss boxing clubs.
This study shows that although basic preventive measures do exist in Swiss boxing, they should be improved substantially by providing better instruction and more information. PMID: 26678302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Comparison of oral health behavior among dental students, students of other disciplines, and fashion models in Switzerland.
Authors: Kirchhoff J, Filippi A Abstract Self-reliant oral health behavior exert great influence on the oral health of our society. The aim of the present study was to find out whether there is an occupation-related difference in the oral health behavior between dental students, students of other disciplines, and fashion models in German-speaking Switzerland. The survey comprised 19 questions which were asked using a web-based anonymous questionnaire. The investigation particularly inquired about employed auxiliaries and their application for an improvement of oral hygiene. In addition, the satisfaction with the ow...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Bichsel D, Stadlinger B, Damerau G Abstract Due to the anatomical proximity between the maxillary sinus and the teeth of the upper jaw, dislocation of tooth fragments or entire teeth into the sinus may occur during tooth extraction. Following the verification of such a foreign body within the sinus, its removal and the coverage of the oro-antral communication should be performed immediately for the prevention of possible sinus infection. In 2D-radiographic imaging, foreign bodies may not be located in the proper radiographic planes of an OPT or may be superimposed by other structures, complicating precise ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Yildirim V, Lübbers HT, Yildirim A Abstract Since the 1950s, oxidised regenerate cellulose (TABOTAMP ®) has been successfully applied for local haemostasis in intra- or postoperative bleeding complications. The scope of this medical product is large and it has found its place in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Although the application of TABOTAMP ® in medicine and dentistry is common, further complications next to the absence of the haemostatic effect may be encountered if used incorrectly. The aim of this article is an update on the proper use of TABOTAMP ®. Further, tips are provided for...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Anterior superior alveolar nerve (ASAN).
In conclusion, the present study evaluated the course of the ASAN relative to the infraorbital foramen and nasal aperture. This information is helpful to avoid damage to this anatomical structure during interventions in the infraobrital region of the maxilla. Further, knowledge of the course of the ASAN and of its bony correlate (canalis sinuosus) may be valuable in interpreting anesthetic or radiologic findings in the anterior maxilla. PMID: 26631255 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 7, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Glenz F, Marinello CP Abstract Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) form a large clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of manifestations characterized by dystrophy or agenesis of embryologic ectodermal derivatives. Therefore skin, nails, hair, teeth and secretory organs are mainly affected. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is the most common ED syndrom. It is characterized by atrichosis or hypotrichosis, anodontia or hypodontia and hypohidrosis. Missing teeth or retarded eruption of teeth often leads to the diagnosis of ED, which emphasizes the significance of an appropriate dental examination. Toot...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 7, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Mechanical effects of different Swiss market-leading dentifrices on dentin.
Authors: Tawakoli PN, Sener B, Attin T Abstract In order to estimate the potential of dentifrices to harm exposed dentin, the mechanical properties of 15 dentifrices available in the Swiss market were investigated. A total of 120 bovine dentin samples were irradiated and analyzed for relative dentin abrasion (RDA). To investigate subsequent increases in surface roughness (Ra), dentin specimens (n = 180) were analyzed profilometrically at baseline and after brushing with test slurries. The cleaning efficacy (Ce) was determined using artificially stained tooth specimens (n = 180). The available fluoride content of th...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 7, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Schenkel JS, Lübbers HT, Metzler P Abstract Local anaesthetics are an integral part of most dental procedures and are therefore widely used and safely applied. Though rare, complications may occur and can be categorized as local or systemic. In the majority they are of minor nature but there is a potential for severe and possibly lethal side effects. Local complications are nerve damage (mainly the lingual and the inferior alveolar nerve), lesions of vascular structures, hematoma formation, temporary palsy of the facial nerve and post injection pain being the most common local complication. Examples f...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - December 7, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Assessment of endodontic treatment of c-shaped root canals.
Authors: Woelber JP, Bruder M, Tennert C, Wrbas KT Abstract This communication presents the treatment of 15 cases of c-shaped canals in molars and their treatment outcome with two different obturation methods. The data from 901 patients who received root canal treatment in a molar tooth were examined regarding c-shaped root canals, their treatment and their status one year post op. Among the 901 cases, 15 molars had a c-shaped root canal morphology (1,66%). C-shaped canals occurred mainly in second mandibular molars (73,3%). The obturation was either performed with gutta-percha and sealer (5 cases) or with Mineral ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Kissing molars. A peculiar radiologic finding].
Authors: Scheuber S, Bornstein M PMID: 24585263 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Thrombosis of the external jugular vein. Case report of a rare cause for pain in the lateral neck].
Authors: Bartella A, Lübbers HT, Schuknecht B, Gander T, Grätz KW, Kruse AI Abstract Dental practitioners are sometimes confronted with patients complaining about pain in the neck area. Especially if an induration in the region of the big vessels is present, one must keep in mind the differential diagnosis of a spontaneous thrombosis of the external jugular vein. This diagnosis needs consequent treatment but also consequent search for an underlying pathology. This case report presents such a situation in an exemplary way. Despite risk factors, the reason for thrombosis stays in the dark. However, all poss...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Knowledge of halitosis among dentists and dental hygienists.
Authors: Oppliger N, Roth B, Filippi A Abstract Bad breath is a widespread condition that has been increasingly discussed among professionals and in the mass media in the last few years. In nine of ten cases, halitosis originates intraorally; hence it has become an important topic of study in the education and training of dentists and dental hygienists. However, the de facto knowledge of professionals has never been examined until today. 750 dentists and dental hygienists from Switzerland, Germany, and France were personally interviewed. Their knowledge of halitosis was assessed using a specifically designed questi...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Infection-related root resorption].
Authors: Filippi A PMID: 24585395 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Implants in contact with tissues other than bone. Is there room for a potential paradigm shift?].
CONCLUSIONS: Before endorsing this protocol in routine application, inclusion/exclusion criteria must be asserted and additional clinical cases with longer follow-up are warranted. Nonetheless, this unconventional protocol opens intriguing possibilities; it also suggests that there is still room to further revisit some of the leading concepts in dental implantology. PMID: 24585415 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Digital implant impression taking - an overview].
Authors: Mahl D, Glenz F, Marinello CP Abstract In dentist's daily practice, intraoral scanning systems are increased. Besides scanning of prepared teeth, also implants could be scanned intraorally. This clinical report describes the step-by-step techniques to scan digitally intraoral implants with two intraoral scanners (Lava™ C.O.S., 3M Espe and the CEREC AC connected with inLab MC XL, Sirona) for generating implant suprastructures without the use of impression materials, dental stone or implant impression copings. Different workflows, possibilities and limits by scanning dental implants are demonstrated. ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Bulk-fill-composites. Modern application technique of direct composites for posterior teeth].
Authors: Manhart J, Hickel R Abstract Direct composite restorations in the posterior dentition have become an indispensable element of modern dentistry. The performance of these restoration, even in the masticatory load-bearing posterior region, has been conclusively proven in many clinical studies. This procedure is usually carreid out in an elaborate layering technique. This time-consuming procedure requires an economically sensible fee, corresponding to the effort involved. Aside from the possibilies that highly aesthetic composites offer in the application of polychromatic multiple-layer techniques, there is al...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Respiratory diseases are associated with molar-incisor hypomineralizations.
The objective of our study was to evaluate the association of molar-incisor hypomineralizations (MIHs) with prospectively collected potential causative factors from the first 4 years of life, e.g. respiratory diseases, breastfeeding, maternal smoking and parental education. A total of 692 children (10 years old) from the GINI birth cohort study participated. The dental examination included the registration of enamel hypomineralizations (EHs) according to the EAPD criteria. Children with EH were sub-categorized into those with at least one EH (MIH/1), those with a minimum of one EH on at least one first permanent molar (MIH...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Antibiotics in third molar surgery.
Authors: Vlcek D, Razavi A, Kuttenberger JJ Abstract The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and practice of Swiss dentists focusing on the use of antibiotics in prophylactic surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth. A postal survey was conducted among all 3288 dentists who are members of the Swiss Dental Society (SSO) representing nearly all dentists in Switzerland. The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions with mostly multiple-choice answers. Demographic profile, surgical experience, the use of antibiotics, and wound management, i.e. wound closure and the use of mouth rinse were assessed. A response ra...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Template guided surgery with the open-access software "smop"].
[Template guided surgery with the open-access software "smop"]. Swiss Dent J. 2014;124(3):305-23 Authors: Kurt BR Abstract For many practitioners the pre-implantological work and, thus, the related costs have been an obstacle to integrate navigated implantology into their workflow. In this article we shed light on a new approach: "smop" reduces the working procedure to a minimum. Based on an intuitive planning system implant-prosthetic treatment can be carried out with a high degree of predictability as well as manageable costs. However, contrary to some opinions the use of the navi...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Paget´s disease of the mandible: a differential diagnosis of the osteomyelitis of the jaw].
We present a case of polyostotic Paget´s disease of the mandible and of the thoracic skeleton. PMID: 24671773 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Depth determination of artificial periodontal pockets using cone-beam tomography and radio-opaque material: an in vitro feasibility study.
Authors: Weidmann B, Sahrmann P, Bindl A, Roos M, Schmidlin PR Abstract In general, periodontal tissues are clinically assessed using calibrated periodontal probes and radiographs. Due to technical developments and the availability of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), 3-D imaging has become feasible and offers some advantages and potential for the evaluation of complex anatomical structures. The present pilot study illustrates and validates the possibility of radiographically visualizing and metrically assessing hard and soft tissue. Artificial periodontal pockets were created in porcine mandibles and measured ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Denticles: dental pulp calculi].
Authors: Schaffner M, Stich H, Lussi A PMID: 24805138 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Cone beam computed tomography and radiation dosage: application frequency and knowledge of dentists in Switzerland].
Authors: Berg BI, Gertsch A, Zeilhofer HF, Schwenzer-Zimmerer K, Berg S, Hassfeld S, Jürgens P Abstract The use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) among Swiss dentists increases from year to year. The aim of this study was to investigate the application frequency and the knowledge about CBCT and radiation dosage in a representative Swiss dentist sample. A standardized questionnaire about knowledge on CBCT was personally handed out or sent by post to 1,000 dentists in Switzerland (return postage was free of charge). 278 dentists returned the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis of ge...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Barodontalgias, dental and orofacial barotraumas: a survey in Swiss divers and caisson workers.
Authors: Zanotta C, Dagassan-Berndt D, Nussberger P, Waltimo T, Filippi A Abstract Changing ambient pressure can lead to medical conditions in body cavities filled with air. Intraoral pain elicited by changes in pressure is referred to as barodontalgia. Dental barotraumas are defined as pressure-induced damages of teeth and restorations. The pathophysiologic background so far is not completely clear. The present study deals with dental and orofacial symptoms which can occur as a result of pressure variations. With the aid of cantonal administrations, diving associations, and tunnel construction firms, 520 pressure-...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Variations in the anatomical positioning of impacted mandibular wisdom teeth and their practical implications.
Authors: Schneider T, Filo K, Kruse AL, Locher M, Grätz KW, Lübbers HT Abstract Surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most frequent procedures in oral surgery. Here, three-dimensional (3D) imaging is often used, yet its necessity is still being heavily debated. The aim of the study was to describe the variation in the anatomical positioning of third mandibular molars, and, by doing so, examine the necessity of 3D imaging. A retrospective case study was performed with the patients from an oral surgery department from January 2009 to February 2013. The primary focus of the study was on the...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[An atypical Stafne cavity-multi-chamber bone lesion with bucal expansion. A case report].
Authors: Schneider T, Filo K, Stadlinger B, Locher M, Kruse AL, Lübbers HT Abstract In the literature Stafne bone cavities are mostly described for male patients in their fifth and sixth decade. Usually the lingual cavities appear as ovoid lesions located unilateral in the molar region of the lower jaw underneath the inferior alveolar nerve. Classically they contain parts of the submandibular gland. This case study describes a patient who was referred to the authors’ clinic with a cavity in the right lower jaw extending over a mesio-distal diameter of 24 mm. Its appearance on panoramic x‑ray and cone beam c...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Orthodontic retention procedures in Switzerland.
CONCLUSIONS: The choice of retention procedures is mostly based on orthodontists personal preference. A further research into the long-term effectiveness of individual retention protocols is needed. PMID: 24943474 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Oral pulse granuloma of the mandible- a case report].
We report on the clinical, radiological and histopathological characteristics of an oral pulse granuloma in the mandible associated with an erupting tooth 46 of a seven-year-old boy, and the surgical management and follow-up. PMID: 24943674 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Subcutaneous emphysema following non-surgical peri-implantitis therapy using an air abrasive device: a case report].
Authors: Bassetti M, Bassetti R, Sculean A, Salvi GE Abstract Subcutaneous emphysema are rare complications in periodontology. In most cases, they resolve spontaneously. However, air might disperse into deeper facial spaces causing life-threatening complications such as compression of the tracheobronchial tree or the development of pneumomediastinum. Moreover, microorganisms might spread from the oral cavity into deeper spaces. Hence, rapid diagnosis of subcutaneous emphysema is important. Characteristic signs are both a shiftable swelling and a crepitation. In this case report, the case of a 69-year old man with a...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Dental knowledge and attitude toward school dental-health programs among parents of kindergarten children in Winterthur.
The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the school dental-health program and adapt it to today's societal needs. Of those who participated in the interview, 61% were Swiss, 16% were from former Yugoslavia or Turkey, and 12% each from the EU or other countries. Of the children examined, 39% already had caries, and 18% of those showed more than two lesions. The parents' knowledge correlated with the severity of the child's caries as well as with the parents' income, country of origin, and education. There was a correlation between the child's dental decay and lower income, as well as lower education and...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Ophthalmologic complications after intraoral local anesthesia.
CONCLUSION: The increased number of ophthalmologic complications after intraoral local anesthesia in females may suggest a gender effect. Double vision (diplopia) is the most frequently described complication, which is usually completely reversible like the other reported ophthalmologic complications. PMID: 25120235 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Antibacterial potential of Manuka honey against three oral bacteria in vitro.
In conclusion, the study showed an NPA dose-dependent antibacterial efficacy of Manuka honey. Further investigations of this natural product are now open for scrutiny. PMID: 25253413 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Worni A, Mericske-Stern R, Iizuka T, Büttner M Abstract This case report illustrates a rare complex of symptoms leading to limited mouth opening in a young woman. The 28-year old suffered from a progressively limited mouth opening over several years that finally resulted in restricted alimentation and made dental treatment impossible. Clinical findings suggest a structural alteration, including a hyperplastic mandibular angle and marked hypertrophy of the masseter muscle. Further radiologic investigations reveal a thickened aponeurosis of the masticatory muscles and hyperplastic coronoid processes tha...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Metastases in the temporomandibular joint: a review from 1954 to 2013. Rare causes for temporomandibular disorders].
CONCLUSION AND SIGNIFICANCE: In the case of nonspecific TMJ affection, diagnostics should consider less-frequent diagnoses, such as the presence of metastasis.A clinical differentiation by additional symptoms like swelling, unexplained weight loss and night sweats, as well as a tumor disease in the past or failure of conservative treatment can provide additional indications. If there is reasonable suspicion,extended medical imaging and diagnostic measures must be performed to allow early treatment initiation and a better prognosis. PMID: 25341415 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[prepCheck computer-supported objective evaluation of students preparation in preclinical simulation laboratory].
Authors: Lenherr P, Marinello CP Abstract Applications such as “prepCheck” allow objective and consistent judgments of tooth preparations. Hereby the respective preparation is matched with a standardized preparation. Whereas the learning curve in the beginning is time-consuming, after some time the faculty members will be relieved from additional mentoring time in the preclinical simulation laboratory. Students independently get an objective self-assessment by the software. Time and effort at the moment are in a misbalance since three scans (preparation, occlusion record, opposite jaw) are necessary. A simple one...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

The most common complications after wisdom-tooth removal: part 1: a retrospective study of 1,199 cases in the mandible.
Authors: Sigron GR, Pourmand PP, Mache B, Stadlinger B, Locher MC Abstract The knowledge of potential complications after surgical removal of third molars and adequate risk assessment is indispensable in oral surgery. The present retrospective study analyzed the influence of different parameters, such as the patient’s age and gender, retention type, and radiological projection (using orthopantomography) of wisdom teeth on the mandibular canal on postoperative complications after the removal of 1,199 wisdom teeth. Overall, 101 (8.4%) complications occurred: 50 cases of alveolar osteitis (4.2%), 12 temporary (1%) an...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

The most common complications after wisdom-tooth removal: part 2: a retrospective study of 1,562 cases in the maxilla.
Authors: Pourmand PP, Sigron GR, Mache B, Stadlinger B, Locher MC Abstract The possible complications of wisdom-tooth removal must be considered, because it is the most common surgical intervention in dental practices. This retrospective study assessed the complications occurring during the removal of 1,562 maxillary wisdom teeth in 1,212 patients. A total of 543 cases of surgical removal and 1,019 cases of non-surgical removal were analyzed. In all cases, a pre-operative panoramic radiograph was taken. Anatomical and clinical parameters were included in the evaluation. 106 complications occurred in 92 patients (5....
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

SADMFR guidelines for the use of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/ Digital Volume Tomography.
Authors: Dula K, Bornstein MM, Buser D, Dagassan-Berndt D, Ettlin DA, Filippi A, Gabioud F, Katsaros C, Krastl G, Lambrecht JT, Lauber R, Luebbers HT, Pazera P, Türp JC, SADMFR Abstract Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) has been introduced in 1998. This radiological imaging procedure has been provided for dentistry and is comparable to computed tomography (CT) in medicine. It is expected that CBCT will have the same success in dental diagnostic imaging as computed tomography had in medicine. Just as CT is responsible for a significant rise in radiation dose to the population from medical X-ray diagnostics, ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Ophthalmic complications and local anesthesia. Pathophysiology and types of eye complications after intraoral dental anesthesia, and clinical recommendations].
Authors: von Arx T, Lozanoff S, Zinkernagel M Abstract The present article reviews the different types of ophthalmologic complications following administration of intraoral local anesthesia. Since the first report by Brain in 1936, case reports about that topic have been published regularly in the literature. However, clinical studies evaluating the incidence of ophthalmologic complications after intraoral local anesthesia are rarely available. Previous data point to a frequency ranging from 0.03% to 0.13%. The most frequently described ophthalmologic complications include diplopia (double vision), ptosis (drooping...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Halitosis management by the general dental practitioner- results of an International Consensus Workshop*].
Authors: Seemann R, Duarte da Conceicao M, Filippi A, Greenman J, Lenton P, Nachnani S, Quirynen M, Roldán S, Schulze H, Sterer N, Tangerman A, Winkel EG, Yaegaki K, Rosenberg M Abstract Clinical investigations on patients suffering from halitosis clearly reveal that in the vast majority of cases the source for an offensive breath odor can be found within the oral cavity (90%). Based on these studies, the main sources for intra-oral halitosis where tongue coating, gingivitis/periodontitis and a combination of the two. Thus, it is perfectly logical that general dental practitioners (GDPs) should be able to ma...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Interdental cleaning and gingival injury potential of interdental toothbrushes.
Authors: Vogel M, Sener B, Roos M, Attin T, Schmidlin PR Abstract The effective cleaning of interdental spaces using toothbrushes is a challenge. The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate on the one hand the interdental cleaning efficiency and on the other hand the gingival injury potential of an electric single-headed sonic toothbrush (Water-pik) and two single-tufted manual toothbrushes (Curaprox 1009; Lactona Interdental Brush). Brushes were evaluated using a brushing device. Test dental casts (maxillary sextants) consisting of black teeth coated with white paint were brushed using standardized horiz...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Knowledge of different medical and dental professional groups in Switzerland about halitosis.
This study also shows that patients seek first consultations with dentists and dental hygienists less often than with family physicians and ENT specialists, despite the fact that the cause of halitosis is primarily intraoral. PMID: 25503646 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Enlargement of keratinized peri-implant mucosa at the time of second stage surgery (re-entry)].
Authors: Kaufmann R, Bassetti R, Mericske-Stern R, Enkling N Abstract A tightly attached keratinized mucosa around endosseous dental implants is believed to be protective against peri-implant bone loss. Tension caused by buccal frena and mobile non keratinized mucosa is to avoid. This case report documents the optimization of peri-implant mucosal conditions in the upper and lower jaw. At the time of second stage surgery (re-entry) at submucosally osseointegrated dental implants an enlargement of keratinized mucosa and a thickening of soft tissue was obtained administrating a vestibuloplasty combined by a free gingi...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects in 1996 and 2006: cross- sectional surveys of Swiss army recruits.
Authors: Lussi A, Strub M, Schürch E, Schaffner M, Bürgin W, Jaeggi T Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and possible etiological factors of erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects in Swiss Army recruits and compare the findings with those of an analogous study conducted in 1996. In 2006, 621 recruits between 18 and 25 years of age (1996: 417 recruits; ages 19 to 25) were examined for erosive tooth wear and wedge-shaped defects. Additional data was acquired using a questionnaire about personal details, education, dentition’s subjective condition, oral hygiene, eating a...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Authors: Scherrer B, Della Chiesa A, Polska E, Kutten Berger JJ Abstract Inflammation of bone is caused either by bacterial infection or occasionally by physical stimulus. Primary chronic osteomyelitis of mandibular bone is a chronic inflammation of an unknown cause. Pain, swelling, limited mouth opening, regional lymphadenopathy and hypaesthesia are clinical symptoms at initial presentation. Results of biopsy, computed tomography and scintigraphy reveal the diagnosis of a primary chronic osteomyelitis. Its management is long-term antibiotic therapy, hyperbaric oxygen and surgical therapy, even bisphophonate treate...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
The objective of this article is to present an overview of the mechanisms and to underline potentially lethal adverse effects and contraindications. The knowledge of specific side effects is vital in daily practice. An overview on specific products is accessible on www.kompendium.ch, however users have to be aware of the fact that this source may be incomplete. PMID: 25592063 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Prosthetic rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients: fixed - removable - combined? Metal - ceramics - all - ceramics? Implants? Anything goes! Part 2: two case studies represent the fixed, respectively the combined fixed-removable prosthetic restoration by utilization of implants].
Authors: Schnabl D Abstract The prosthetic rehabilitation of two partially edentulous patients is presented: one Patient was restored by permanent crowns and bridges attached to natural teeth and to implants, the second was treated by crowns attached to natural teeth and removable implant- supported prostheses. Depending on esthetic requirements and the localization of preparation margins all- or metal-ceramics were used for single crowns, metal-ceramics was used for bridges. In general, a well coordinated cooperation of dentist, surgeon and dental technician in treatment planning and realization is required for a ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

[Preventive vaccinations in dentistry].
Authors: Rostetter C, Lübbers HT, Kruse AL, Metzler P Abstract The purpose of this current paper is to give a simple update and overview about vaccinations for dental health care workers considering the new guidelines published in February 2014 by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. It is recommended to have at least a valid protection against hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, varicella, diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and pertussis. Dental health care workers are highly exposed and high risk carriers for inoculable diseases, therefore regular refreshment of vaccinations is necessary f...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

The effects of matrix-metallo- proteinases and chlorhexidine on the adhesive bond.
Authors: Strobel S, Hellwig E Abstract The bond stability between dentin and filling material is the major challenge in modern adhesive techniques. A resin-dentin bond created by the etch-and-rinse technique considerably loses strength within 0.5 to 5 years. This may lead to secondary caries, hypersensitivity and finally loss of restorations. The decrease in bond strength is mainly due to two factors which are related to the collagen network of dentin and its constituent matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs). Firstly, the collagen fibres exposed by the etching process using 37% phosphoric acid may not be completely infi...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - November 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research