Hospital incident command groups ’ performance during major incident simulations: a prospective observational study
Hospital incident command groups ’ (HICG) performance may have a profound impact on hospital response to major incidents. Previous research has assessed hospital incident command group capacity as opposed to pe... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jason P. Murphy, Lisa Kurland, Monica R ådestad and Anders Rüter Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Serious conditions among patients with non-specific chief complaints in the pre-hospital setting: a retrospective cohort study
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are faced daily with patients presenting with a non-specific chief complaints (NSC); i.e. decreased general condition, general malaise, sense of illness, or just being unable t... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Robert Ivic, Lisa Kurland, Veronica Vicente, Maaret Castr én and Katarina Bohm Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Computer tomographic assessment of gastric volume in major trauma patients: impact of pre-hospital airway management on gastric air
Gastric dilation is frequently observed in trauma patients. However, little is known about average gastric volumes comprising food, fluids and air. Although literature suggests a relevant risk of gastric insuf... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 28, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Thomas Mitteregger, Philipp Schwaiger, Janett Kreutziger, Herbert Sch öchl, Daniel Oberladstätter, Helmut Trimmel and Wolfgang G. Voelckel Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Mechanical chest compression devices in the helicopter emergency medical service in Switzerland
Over the past years, several emergency medical service providers have introduced mechanical chest compression devices (MCDs) in their protocols for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Especially in helicopter... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 25, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Urs Pietsch, David Reiser, Volker Wenzel, J ürgen Knapp, Mario Tissi, Lorenz Theiler, Simon Rauch, Lorenz Meuli and Roland Albrecht Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The accuracy of preliminary diagnoses made by paramedics – a cross-sectional comparative study
Clinical decision-making skills of paramedics have been emphasized because of the growing complexity of emergency medicine nursing. A preliminary diagnosis made by a paramedic has an essential role in directin... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 23, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Outi Koivulahti, Miretta Tommila and Elina Haavisto Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Non-specific diagnoses are frequent in patients hospitalized after calling 112 and their mortality is high – a register-based Danish cohort study
The number of patients calling for an ambulance increases. A considerable number of patients receive a non-specific diagnosis at discharge from the hospital, and this could imply less serious acute conditions,... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 22, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Frederikke Vestergaard Nielsen, Mette R ønn Nielsen, Jesper Amstrup, Ida Lund Lorenzen, Torben A. Kløjgaard, Emil Færk, Henrik Bøggild and Erika Frischknecht Christensen Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Quality indicators for a geriatric emergency care (GeriQ-ED) – an evidence-based delphi consensus approach to improve the care of geriatric patients in the emergency department
In emergency care, geriatric requirements and risks are often not taken sufficiently into account. In addition, there are neither evidence-based recommendations nor scientifically developed quality indicators ... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 16, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Susanne Schuster, Katrin Singler, Stephen Lim, Mareen Machner, Klaus D öbler and Harald Dormann Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The association of partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide with neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: an explorative International Cardiac Arrest Registry 2.0 study
Exposure to extreme arterial partial pressures of oxygen (PaO2) and carbon dioxide (PaCO2) following the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is common and may affe... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 14, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Florian Ebner, Richard R. Riker, Zana Haxhija, David B. Seder, Teresa L. May, Susann Ull én, Pascal Stammet, Karen Hirsch, Sune Forsberg, Allison Dupont, Hans Friberg, John A. McPherson, Eldar Søreide, Josef Dankiewicz, Tobias Cronberg and Niklas Nielse Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Cabin temperature during prehospital patient transport – a prospective observational study
Few studies have investigated the patient compartment temperatures during ambulance missions or its relation to admission hypothermia. Still hypothermia is a known risk factor for increased mortality and morbi... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tuva Svendsen, Inger Lund-Kordahl and Knut Fredriksen Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Pelvic circumferential compression devices for prehospital management of suspected pelvic fractures: a rapid review and evidence summary for quality indicator evaluation
Pelvic fractures, especially when unstable, may cause significant haemorrhage. The early application of a pelvic circumferential compression device (PCCD) in patients with suspected pelvic fracture has establi... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Robin Pap, Rachel McKeown, Craig Lockwood, Matthew Stephenson and Paul Simpson Tags: Review Source Type: research

National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) on admission predicts severe disease and in-hospital mortality from Covid-19 – a prospective cohort study
There is a need for validated clinical risk scores to identify patients at risk of severe disease and to guide decision-making during the covid-19 pandemic. The National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) is widely... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Marius Myrstad, H åkon Ihle-Hansen, Anders Aune Tveita, Elizabeth Lyster Andersen, Ståle Nygård, Arnljot Tveit and Trygve Berge Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The rate of short-term revisits after diagnosis of non-specific abdominal pain is similar for surgeons and emergency physicians - results from a single tertiary hospital emergency department
Acute abdominal pain can be a diagnostic challenge even for experienced surgeons. Delayed diagnosis can lead to higher morbidity, mortality and increased costs. While readmission rate has been used to evaluate... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Leena Saaristo, Mika T. Ukkonen, Johanna M. Laukkarinen and Satu-Liisa K. Pauniaho Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta may contribute to improved survival
Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an increasingly used trauma resuscitation procedure, however, there are no reports of whether or not the survival of patients treated with R... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 30, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Makoto Aoki, Toshikazu Abe, Shuichi Hagiwara, Daizoh Saitoh and Kiyohiro Oshima Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Efficacy and efficiency of indoor nighttime human external cargo mission simulation in a high-fidelity training Centre
The human external cargo (HEC) operations conducted by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) rarely take place at night, making it difficult for crew members to attain and maintain the level of expertis... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Urs Pietsch, Volker Lischke, Stephen J. M. Sollid, Stephan Pr ückner, Lorenz Theiler, Robert Greif and Roland Albrecht Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Identifying the relative importance of predictors of survival in out of hospital cardiac arrest: a machine learning study
Studies examining the factors linked to survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have either aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of OHCA in different parts of the world, or focused o... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 25, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Nooraldeen Al-Dury, Annica Ravn-Fischer, Jacob Hollenberg, Johan Israelsson, Per Nordberg, Anneli Str ömsöe, Christer Axelsson, Johan Herlitz and Araz Rawshani Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The predictive value of variables measurable in the ambulance and the development of the Predict Sepsis screening tools: a prospective cohort study
Despite sepsis being a time critical condition with a high mortality, it is often not identified in a timely fashion. The aim of the current study was to create a screening tool based on bedside measurable var... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 25, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Jan Sj ölin, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson and Lisa Kurland Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The effect of COVID-19 on trauma system in one city of China
(Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 23, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fenglu Yang and Xiao Lu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Can we predict patient outcome before extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory cardiac arrest?
Refractory cardiac arrest resistant to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (C-CPR) has a poor outcome. Although previous reports showed that extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) can impr... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 23, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fu-Yuan Siao, Chun-Wen Chiu, Chun-Chieh Chiu, Yu-Jun Chang, Ying-Chen Chen, Yao-Li Chen, Yung-Kun Hsieh, Chu-Chung Chou and Hsu-Hen Yen Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Comparing complications of small-bore chest tubes to large-bore chest tubes in the setting of delayed hemothorax: a retrospective multicenter cohort study
Previous studies have provided initial data suggesting that small-bore (SB, ≤ 14Fr) chest tubes have the same efficacy as large-bore (LB,> 14 Fr) chest tubes for acute hemothorax (HTX), but data continue to b... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 22, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: A. Orlando, J. Cordero, M. M Carrick, A. H. Tanner II, K. Banton, R. Vogel, M. Lieser, D. Acuna and D. Bar-Or Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Strategies to measure and improve emergency department performance: a scoping review
Over the last two decades, Emergency Department (ED) crowding has become an increasingly common occurrence worldwide. Crowding is a complex and challenging issue that affects EDs ’ capacity to provide safe, tim... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 15, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Elizabeth E. Austin, Brette Blakely, Catalin Tufanaru, Amanda Selwood, Jeffrey Braithwaite and Robyn Clay-Williams Tags: Review Source Type: research

Clinical experience of whole-body computed tomography as the initial evaluation tool after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
The routine application of whole-body CT after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has not been extensively investigated. We aimed to evaluate the benef... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 11, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Kelvin Jeason Yang, Chih-Hsien Wang, Yu-Cheng Huang, Li-Jung Tseng, Yih-Sharng Chen and Hsi-Yu Yu Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Self-rated worry is associated with hospital admission in out-of-hours telephone triage – a prospective cohort study
Telephone triage manages patient flow in acute care, but a lack of visual cues and vague descriptions of symptoms challenges clinical decision making. We aim to investigate the association between the caller ’s... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 10, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Freddy Lippert, Fredrik Folke, Ingrid Egerod, Linda Huibers, Mikkel Brabrand, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup and Lau Caspar Thygesen Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Barriers and challenges in the process of including critically ill patients in clinical studies
Clinical research in severely ill or injured patients is required to improve healthcare but may be challenging to perform in practice. The aim of this study was to analyse barriers and challenges in the proces... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 8, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: J ørgen Dahlberg, Camilla Eriksen, Annette Robertsen and Sigrid Beitland Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Management of decision of withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments in French EDs
Decisions of withholding or withdrawing life sustaining-treatments in emergency department are part of current practice but the decision-making process remains poorly described in the literature. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 8, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Marion Douplat, Laurie Fraticelli, Clement Claustre, Alexandra Peiretti, Patrice Serre, Magali Bischoff, Laurent Jacquin, Julie Freyssenge, Anne-Marie Schott, Karim Tazarourte, Soizic Frugier and Carlos E. L. Khoury Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Championing survival: connecting the unknown network of responders to address out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Early intervention for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) presents a challenge for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) across Europe. Strategies designed to address this include education and training initiati... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 3, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Ronan McBride, Chantal F. Ski, David R. Thompson, Tom Quinn and Mark H. Wilson Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Assessment of rewarming methods in unplanned out-of-hospital births from a prospective cohort
Mobile intensive care units frequently manage unplanned out-of-hospital births (UOHB). Rewarming methods during pre-hospital management of UOHB have not yet been compared. The aim was to compare rewarming meth... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 3, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fran çois Javaudin, Mélodie Roche, Lucile Trutt, Isabelle Bunker, Valérie Hamel, Sybille Goddet, François Templier, Christine Potiron, Quentin Le Bastard, Philippe Pes, Gilles Bagou, Jean-Louis Chabernaud, Emmanuel Montassier and Brice Leclère Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The selection of an optimal transportation strategy in urgent stroke missions: a simulation study
Stroke causes death, disability and increases the use of healthcare resources worldwide. The outcome of intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical endovascular thrombectomy highly depends on the delay from sympto... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jukka Pappinen, Tuuli Miettinen, P äivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Jäkälä, Anne-Mari Kantanen, Pekka Mäntyselkä and Jouni Kurola Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Changing role of EMS –analyses of non-conveyed and conveyed patients in Finland
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and Emergency Departments (ED) have seen increasing attendance rates in the last decades. Currently, EMS are increasingly assessing and treating patients without the need to co... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jani Paulin, Jouni Kurola, Sanna Salanter ä, Hans Moen, Nischal Guragain, Mari Koivisto, Niina Käyhkö, Venla Aaltonen and Timo Iirola Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The first seven years of nationally organized helicopter emergency medical services in Finland – the data from quality registry
Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) play an important role in prehospital care of the critically ill. Differences in funding, crew composition, dispatch criteria and mission profile make comparison be... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Anssi Saviluoto, Johannes Bj örkman, Anna Olkinuora, Ilkka Virkkunen, Hetti Kirves, Piritta Setälä, Ilkka Pulkkinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Lasse Raatiniemi, Helena Jäntti, Timo Iirola and Jouni Nurmi Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Point-of-care ultrasound induced changes in management of unselected patients in the emergency department - a prospective single-blinded observational trial
Point-of-Care ultrasound (POCUS) changes the management in specific groups of patients in the Emergency Department (ED). It seems intuitive that POCUS holds an unexploited potential on a wide variety of patien... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jesper Weile, Christian A. Frederiksen, Christian B. Laursen, Ole Graumann, Erik Sloth and Hans Kirkegaard Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Prediction of in-hospital mortality in patients with post traumatic brain injury using National Trauma Registry and Machine Learning Approach
The use of machine learning techniques to predict diseases outcomes has grown significantly in the last decade. Several studies prove that the machine learning predictive techniques outperform the classical mu... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 27, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Ahmad Abujaber, Adam Fadlalla, Diala Gammoh, Husham Abdelrahman, Monira Mollazehi and Ayman El-Menyar Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Decision support tool and suggestions for the development of guidelines for the helicopter transport of patients with COVID-19
The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV2 emerged in December 2019 and is now pandemic. Initial analysis suggests that 5% of infected patients will require critical care, and that respiratory failure requiring intubatio... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 25, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Per P. Bredmose, Monica Diczbalis, Emma Butterfield, Karel Habig, Andrew Pearce, Svein Are Osbakk, Ville Voipio, Marcus Rudolph, Alistair Maddock and John O ’Neill Tags: Guideline Source Type: research

Possible advantages of early stabilization of spinal fractures in multiply injured patients with leading thoracic trauma - analysis based on the TraumaRegister DGU ®
Major trauma often comprises fractures of the thoracolumbar spine and these are often accompanied by relevant thoracic trauma. Major complications can be ascribed to substantial simultaneous trauma to the ches... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 24, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sven Hager, Helge Eberbach, Rolf Lefering, Thorsten O. Hammer, David Kubosch, Christoph J äger, Norbert P. Südkamp and Jörg Bayer Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in acute traumatic lung injury: a retrospective study
Therapeutic extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a challenging procedure in patients who have experienced severe trauma. Particularly, patients with traumatic lung injury and posttraumatic acute respi... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 24, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Hong Kyu Lee, Hyoung Soo Kim, Sang Ook Ha, Sunghoon Park, Hee Sung Lee, Soo Kyung Lee and Sun Hee Lee Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Transport of COVID-19 and other highly contagious patients by helicopter and fixed-wing air ambulance: a narrative review and experience of the Swiss air rescue Rega
The current COVID-19 pandemic highlights the challenges air ambulance services are facing when transporting highly infectious patients for several hours in enclosed spaces. This overview provides an example of... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 14, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Roland Albrecht, J ürgen Knapp, Lorenz Theiler, Marcus Eder and Urs Pietsch Tags: Review Source Type: research

Lausanne medical dispatch centre ’s response to COVID-19
The COVID-19 crisis is an unprecedented event. It is therefore essential for dispatch centres to share their experiences while the crisis is underway, similar to hospitals, so that we will all benefit from fee... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fabrice Dami and Vincent Berthoz Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Radiologic discrepancies in diagnosis of fractures in a Dutch teaching emergency department: a retrospective analysis
Missed fractures in the emergency department (ED) are common and may lead to patient morbidity. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Laura Mattijssen-Horstink, Judith Jo ëlle Langeraar, Gert Jan Mauritz, William van der Stappen, Maarten Baggelaar and Edward Camillus Thwan Han Tan Tags: Original research Source Type: research

A potential method of identifying stroke and other intracranial lesions in a prehospital setting
Identifying stroke and other intracranial lesions in patients with a decreased level of consciousness may be challenging in prehospital settings. Our objective was to investigate whether the combination of sys... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Anssi Saviluoto, Heini Harve-Ryts älä, Mitja Lääperi, Hetti Kirves, Helena Jäntti and Jouni Nurmi Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Association of helicopter transportation and improved mortality for patients with major trauma in the northern French Alps trauma system: an observational study based on the TRENAU registry
Prompt prehospital triage and transportation are essential in an organised trauma system. The benefits of helicopter transportation on mortality in a physician-staffed pre-hospital trauma system remains unknow... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 12, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Francois-Xavier Ageron, Guillaume Debaty, Dominique Savary, Frederic Champly, Francois Albasini, Pascal Usseglio, C écile Vallot, Samuel Galvagno and Pierre Bouzat Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Nitrous oxide/oxygen plus acetaminophen versus morphine in ST elevation myocardial infarction: open-label, cluster-randomized, non-inferiority study
Studies have shown disparate results on the consequences of morphine use in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). No study has evaluated alternative treatments that could be at least non-inferior... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 12, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sandrine Charpentier, Michel Galinski, Vincent Bounes, Agn ès Ricard-Hibon, Carlos El-Khoury, Meyer Elbaz, François-Xavier Ageron, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Louis Soulat, Frédéric Lapostolle, Alexandre Gérard, Delphine Bregeaud, Vanina Bongard and E Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Undertriage in trauma: an ignored quality indicator?
Early identification of life-threatening injuries is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Failure to detect severe injury may cause delayed diagnosis and therapeutic interventions an... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 6, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Elisabeth Jeppesen, Mathias Cuevas- Østrem, Cathrine Gram-Knutsen and Oddvar Uleberg Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Performance of pre-hospital evaluations in ruling out invasive chest stab wounds
Some guidelines advocate for managing patients with penetrating thoracic wounds in trauma centres with cardiothoracic surgery. This systematic approach is questionable. Only 15% of these patients require surge... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 5, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Pascal Augustin, Elise Guivarch, Quentin Pellenc, Yves Castier, Sandrine Boudinet, Sebastien Tanaka, Philippe Montravers and Alexy Tran-Dinh Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Top five research priorities in physician-provided pre-hospital critical care – appropriate staffing, training and the effect on outcomes
(Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 30, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Marius Rehn, Kristi G. Bache, Hans Morten Lossius and David Lockey Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The ticking clock: does actively making an enhanced care team aware of the passage of time improve pre-hospital scene time following traumatic incidents?
Pre-hospital enhanced care teams like Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are often dispatched to major trauma patients, including patients with traumatic brain injuries and those with major haemorrha... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 29, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: L. Curtis, E. ter Avest, J. Griggs, J. Wiliams and R. M. Lyon Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Therapeutic management of severe hypothermia with veno-arterial ECMO: where do we stand? Case report and review of the current literature
Severe accidental hypothermia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides an efficient rewarming method with complete cardiopulmonary s... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 21, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Aur élien Ledoux and Piehr Saint Leger Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Longitudinal analysis of health status the first year after trauma in severely injured patients
While survival rates after a trauma are increasing a considerable part of the trauma population are still at risk for both short and long term disabilities. Little is known about prognostic factors over time a... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Roos Johanna Maria Havermans, Mariska Adriana Cornelia de Jongh, Leonie de Munter and Koen Willem Wouter Lansink Tags: Original research Source Type: research

What clinical crew competencies and qualifications are required for helicopter emergency medical services? A review of the literature
Patients served by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) tend to be acutely injured or unwell and in need of stabilisation followed by rapid and safe transport. It is therefore hypothesised that a parti... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 16, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Siobh án Masterson, Conor Deasy, Mark Doyle, David Hennelly, Shane Knox and Jan Sorensen Tags: Review Source Type: research

A novel ECG-biomarker for cardiac arrest during hypothermia
Treatment of arrhythmias evoked by accidental or therapeutic hypothermia and rewarming remains challenging. We aim to find an ECG-biomarker that can predict ventricular arrhythmias at temperatures occurring in... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 10, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Erik Sveberg Dietrichs, Torkjel Tveita, Rachel Myles and Godfrey Smith Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Including oxygen supplement in the early warning score: a prediction study comparing TOKS, modified TOKS and NEWS in a cohort of emergency patients
Early warning scores (EWS) are widely used in emergency departments and on general wards to detect critical illness and deterioration. TOKS ( “Tidlig Opsporing af Kritisk Sygdom”) is an early warning score used... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 10, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Maj Juhl Skov, Jacob Dynesen, Marie K. Jessen, Janet Yde Liesanth, Julie Mackenhauer and Hans Kirkegaard Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Patient experience of severe acute dyspnoea and relief during treatment in ambulances: a prospective observational study
Acute dyspnoea is common among ambulance patients, but little is known of the patients ’ experience of symptom. We aimed to investigate ambulance patients initial perceived intensity of acute dyspnoea, and whet... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 3, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tim Alex Lindskou, Ulla M øller Weinreich, Kenneth Lübcke, Torben Anders Kløjgaard, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Søren Mikkelsen and Erika Frischknecht Christensen Tags: Original research Source Type: research