Causes of brain dysfunction in acute coma: a cohort study of 1027 patients in the emergency department
Coma of unknown etiology (CUE) is a major challenge in emergency medicine. CUE is caused by a wide variety of pathologies that require immediate and targeted treatment. However, there is little empirical data ... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - November 7, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Wolf Ulrich Schmidt, Christoph J. Ploner, Maximilian Lutz, Martin M öckel, Tobias Lindner and Mischa Braun Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Characteristics of patients treated by the Danish Helicopter Emergency Medical Service from 2014-2018: a nationwide population-based study
A national Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) was introduced in Denmark in 2014 to ensure the availability of physician-led critical care for all patients regardless of location. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - November 7, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Karen Alstrup, Thea Palsgaard M øller, Lars Knudsen, Troels Martin Hansen, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen, Leif Rognås and Charlotte Barfod Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The impact of the Sepsis-3 definition on ICU admission of patients with infection
This study invest... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - November 4, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jenny Klimpel, Lorenz Weidhase, Michael Bernhard, Andr é Gries and Sirak Petros Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Application of NICE or SNC guidelines may reduce the need for computerized tomographies in patients with mild traumatic brain injury: a retrospective chart review and theoretical application of five guidelines
Traumatic brain injuries continue to be a significant cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Most traumatic brain injuries are classified as mild, with a low but not negligible risk of intracranial hemorr... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - November 4, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sebastian Svensson, Tomas Vedin, Linus Clausen, Per-Anders Larsson and Marcus Edelhamre Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The Danish prehospital emergency healthcare system and research possibilities
The emergency medical healthcare system outside hospital varies greatly across the globe - even within the western world. Within the last ten years, the demand for emergency medical service systems has increas... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - November 4, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tim Alex Lindskou, S øren Mikkelsen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Poul Anders Hansen, Gitte Jørgensen, Ole Mazur Hendriksen, Hans Kirkegaard, Peter Anthony Berlac and Morten Breinholt Søvsø Tags: Review Source Type: research

Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation for traumatic patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Resuscitation efforts for traumatic patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are not always futile. Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) during emergency calls could increase t... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Chien-Hsin Lu, Pin-Hui Fang and Chih-Hao Lin Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The boundaries of our imagination are not restricted by limits, but by lack of knowledge
(Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 30, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Kristi G. Bache and Marius Rehn Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Prehospital administration of surfactant to a premature neonate in respiratory distress
The population of the Kingdom of Bhutan is scattered in small villages throughout the eastern Himalaya. Infants born prematurely in villages have no access to neonatal intensive care until they are transported... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 29, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Charles Haviland Mize, Lhab Dorji and Ken Zafren Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Variation in accessibility of the population to an Emergency Medical Communication Centre: a multicentre observational study
Access to an Emergency Medical Communication Centre is essential for the population in emergency situations. Handling inbound calls without delay requires managing activity, process and outcome measures of the... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Yann Penverne, Brice Leclere, Eric Lecarpentier, Jean-S ébastien Marx, Benjamin Gicquel, Laurent Goix and Paul-Georges Reuter Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Ventilation feedback device for manual ventilation in simulated respiratory arrest: a crossover manikin study
Studies have shown that providing adequate ventilation during CPR is essential. While hypoventilation is often feared by most caregivers on the scene, the most critical problem remains hyperventilation. We dev... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 22, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Abdo Khoury, Alban De Luca, Fatimata S. Sall, Lionel Pazart and Gilles Capellier Tags: Original research Source Type: research

A Delphi consensus study for teaching “Basic Trauma Management” to third-year medical students
The Basic-Trauma Management (BTM) course has been taught to third-year medical students in small groups for many years without substantial changes. With the introduction of a new curriculum for Swiss medical s... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 17, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Joana Berger-Estilita, Sabine Nabecker and Robert Greif Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Predicting acute coronary syndrome in males and females with chest pain who call an emergency medical communication centre
Chest pain is a frequent reason for calls in emergency medical communication centre (EMCC). Detecting a coronary origin by phone is a challenge. This is especially so as the presentations differ according to g... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 17, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Paul-Georges Reuter, Catherine Pradeau, Samantha Huo Yung Kai, Thibault Lhermusier, Arnaud Bourd é, Eric Tentillier, Xavier Combes, Vanina Bongard, Jean-Louis Ducassé and Sandrine Charpentier Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Determining optimal needle size for decompression of tension pneumothorax in children – a CT-based study
For neonates and children requiring decompression of tension pneumothorax, specific recommendations for the choice of needle type and size are missing. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine opti... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 11, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Georg Leonhard, Daniel Overhoff, Lucas Wessel, Tim Viergutz, Marcus Rudolph, Michael Sch öler, Holger Haubenreisser and Tom Terboven Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Limitation of treatment in prehospital care – the experiences of helicopter emergency medical service physicians in a nationwide multicentre survey
Making ethically sound treatment limitations in prehospital care is a complex topic. Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) physicians were surveyed on their experiences with limitations of care orders in... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Heidi Kangasniemi, Piritta Set älä, Heini Huhtala, Antti Kämäräinen, Ilkka Virkkunen, Joonas Tirkkonen, Arvi Yli-Hankala and Sanna Hoppu Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The management of unanticipated difficult airways in children of all age groups in anaesthetic practice - the position paper of an expert panel
Children form a specific group of patients, as there are significant differences between children and adults in both anatomy and physiology. Difficult airway may be unanticipated or anticipated. Difficulties e... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - September 18, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Wojciech Walas, Dawid Aleksandrowicz, Maria Kornacka, Tomasz Gaszy ński, Ewa Helwich, Marek Migdał, Andrzej Piotrowski, Grażyna Siejka, Tomasz Szczapa, Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska and Zenon P. Halaba Tags: Guideline Source Type: research

Palliative care in the emergency department as seen by providers and users: a qualitative study
Much effort has been made to explore how patients with advanced chronic illness and their families experience care when they attend the Emergency Department, and many studies have investigated how healthcare p... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - September 18, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Silvia Di Leo, Sara Alquati, Cristina Autelitano, Massimo Costantini, Gianfranco Martucci, Francesco De Vincenzo, Beata Kuczynska, Alessandra Morini, Laura Trabucco, Raffaella Ursicelli, Gianluca Catania and Luca Ghirotto Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Impact of traumatic events incurred by asylum-seekers on mental health and utilization of medical services
Asylum-seekers from Africa immigrate to Israel through the Sinai desert and are often exposed to traumatic events. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - September 6, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Maya Siman-Tov, Moran Bodas, Alex Wang, Michael Alkan and Bruria Adini Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Presence of a pre-hospital enhanced care team reduces on scene time and improves triage compliance for stab trauma
This study investigated the relationship betwee... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - September 6, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Alan Cowley, Mark Durham, Duncan Aldred, Richard Crabb, Paul Crouch, Adam Heywood, Andy McBride, Julia Williams and Richard Lyon Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Implementation of new guidelines in the prehospital services: a nationwide survey of Norway
A debate regarding the potential harmful effects of rigid neck collar and backboard usage among prehospital and hospital care providers in Norway provoked the development of an evidence-based guideline. “The N... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 29, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Nina Øye Thorvaldsen, Lars Didrik Flingtorp, Torben Wisborg and Elisabeth Jeppesen Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Chest pain in the ambulance; prevalence, causes and outcome - a retrospective cohort study
This study aims to characterize and compare ambulance-transported chest pain patients to non-chest pain patients and evaluate if patient characteristics and ... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 29, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Claus Kj ær Pedersen, Carsten Stengaard, Kristian Friesgaard, Karen Kaae Dodt, Hanne Maare Søndergaard, Christian Juhl Terkelsen and Morten Thingemann Bøtker Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Postponing intubation in spontaneously breathing major trauma patients upon emergency room admission does not impair outcome
Pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia and tracheal intubation are life-saving interventions in trauma patients. However, there is evidence suggesting that the risks associated with both procedures outweigh the be... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Philipp Schwaiger, Herbert Sch öchl, Daniel Oberladstätter, Helmut Trimmel and Wolfgang G. Voelckel Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Neurocritical care physicians ’ doubt about whether to withdraw life-sustaining treatment the first days after devastating brain injury: an interview study
Multilevel uncertainty exists in the treatment of devastating brain injury and variation in end-of-life decision-making is a concern. Cognitive and emotional doubt linked to making challenging decisions have n... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Annette Robertsen, Eirik Helseth, Jon Henrik Laake and Reidun F ørde Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation mitigates myocardial injury and improves survival in porcine model of ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest
Despite decades of improved strategy in conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR), survival rates of favorable neurological outcome after cardiac arrest (CA) remains poor. It is indicated that the surv... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Bo Liu, Qiang Zhang, Yong Liang, Yun Zhang, Xiaoli Yuan, Jiyang Ling and Chunsheng Li Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration and neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest among children by location of arrest: a Nationwide cohort study
Little is known about the associations between the duration of prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by emergency medical services (EMS) and outcomes among paediatric patients with out-of-hospital ca... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 23, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Haruka Shida, Tasuku Matsuyama, Kosuke Kiyohara, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Takefumi Kishimori, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Chika Nishiyama, Daisuke Kobayashi, Satoe Okabayashi, Tomonari Shimamoto, Takashi Kawamura and Taku Iwami Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Prehospital management provided by medical on-scene commanders in tunnel incidents in Oslo, Norway – an interview study
High demands are placed on the emergency medical services to handle rescue operations in challenging environments such as tunnels. In Oslo, Norway a specialised management function within the emergency medical... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 20, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Johan Hylander, Britt-Inger Saveman, Ulf Bj örnstig and Lina Gyllencreutz Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Clinical reasoning in the emergency medical services: an integrative review
Clinical reasoning is the process of gathering and understanding information conducted by clinicians in the emergency medical services (EMS) so as to make informed decisions. Research on clinical reasoning spa... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 19, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Ulf Andersson, Hanna Maurin S öderholm, Birgitta Wireklint Sundström, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara and Henrik Andersson Tags: Review Source Type: research

New clinical guidelines on the spinal stabilisation of adult trauma patients – consensus and evidence based
Traumatic spinal cord injury is a relatively rare injury in Denmark but may result in serious neurological consequences. For decades, prehospital spinal stabilisation with a rigid cervical collar and a hard ba... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 19, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Christian Maschmann, Elisabeth Jeppesen, Monika Afzali Rubin and Charlotte Barfod Tags: Guideline Source Type: research

Epinephrine during resuscitation of traumatic cardiac arrest and increased mortality: a post hoc analysis of prospective observational study
The beneficial effect of epinephrine during resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been inconclusive, and potential harm has been suggested, particularly in trauma victims. Although no si... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 16, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Ryo Yamamoto, Masaru Suzuki, Kei Hayashida, Jo Yoshizawa, Atsushi Sakurai, Nobuya Kitamura, Takashi Tagami, Taka-aki Nakada, Munekazu Takeda and Junichi Sasaki Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Single mission workload and influencing factors in German prehospital emergency medicine - a nationwide prospective survey of 1361emergency missions
This study aims to evaluate workload in prehospital emergency medicine on a single mission level and investigates influencing factors... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 16, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Johannes Prottengeier, Johann Georg Keunecke, Christine Gall, Christian Eiche, Andreas Moritz and Torsten Birkholz Tags: Original research Source Type: research

The use of HEAVEN criteria to predict difficult laryngeal view and intubation failure with direct and video laryngoscopy
(Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 13, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Liu-Jia-Zi Shao, Shao-Hua Liu and Fu-Shan Xue Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Value of copeptin and the S-100b protein assay in ruling out the diagnosis of stroke-induced dizziness pattern in emergency departments
Dizziness is a frequent reason for visiting emergency departments (EDs). Differentiating stroke from other causes is challenging for physicians. The role of biomarkers has been poorly assessed. We evaluated wh... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 6, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: N. Deboevere, N. Marjanovic, M. Sierecki, M. Marchetti, M. Dubocage, E. Magimel, O. Mimoz and J. Guenezan Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Correlation between field triage criteria and the injury severity score of trauma patients in a French inclusive regional trauma system
In France, the pre-hospital field triage of trauma patients is currently based on the Vittel criteria algorithm. This algorithm was originally created in 2002 before the stratification of trauma centers and, a... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - August 5, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Arnaud Cassignol, Julien Marmin, Jean Cotte, Mickael Cardinale, Julien Bordes, Vanessa Pauly, Fran çois Kerbaul, Didier Demory and Eric Meaudre Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Patient experience of spinal immobilisation after trauma
Spinal immobilisation of blunt trauma victims with potential spinal cord injury is considered standard of care. The traditional management has, however, been increasingly questioned and concerns about harm hav... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 22, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Camilla Ikast Ottosen, Jacob Steinmetz, Mo Haslund Larsen, Josefine S. Baekgaard and Lars S. Rasmussen Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Spinal injury in alpine winter sports: a review
Alpine winter sports have become increasingly popular over recent decades, with a similar increase in accident incidence. This review provides an overview of the most recent literature concerning spinal injury... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 19, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sebastian Frederick Bigdon, Jan Gewiess, Sven Hoppe, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Lorin M. Benneker, Paul Gilbert Fairhurst and Christoph E. Albers Tags: Review Source Type: research

Meeting Abstracts: London Trauma Conference, London Cardiac Arrest Symposium, London Pre-hospital Care Conference 2018
(Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 19, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Meeting abstracts Source Type: research

Fluid resuscitation with preventive peritoneal dialysis attenuates crush injury-related acute kidney injury and improves survival outcome
This study was designed to investigate whether preventive peritoneal dia... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Xian-Long Zhou, Shao-Zhou Ni, Dan Xiong, Xue-Qi Cheng, Peng Xu and Yan Zhao Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Derivation and internal validation of the screening to enhance prehospital identification of sepsis (SEPSIS) score in adults on arrival at the emergency department
The objective of this study was to develop a prehospital sepsis screening tool for u... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Michael A. Smyth, Daniel Gallacher, Peter K. Kimani, Mark Ragoo, Matthew Ward and Gavin D. Perkins Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Accuracy of low-weight versus standard syringe infusion pump devices depending on altitude
Intravenous drug infusions in critically ill patients require accurate syringe infusion pumps (SIPs). This is particularly important during transportation of critically ill patients by helicopter emergency med... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 11, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Marc Blancher, Maxence Repellin, Maxime Maignan, Cyrielle Clap é, Arnaud Perrin, José Labarère, Guillaume Debaty and Damien Viglino Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Road bike accidents involving cervical fractures presenting as cardiac arrest: a report of two cases
We present two cases in which elderly male recreational cyclists suffered from cervical fractures and coinciding injuries of the spinal cord that subsequently led to cardiac arrest. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 8, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Anne Marie Kabell Nissen, Louise Gramstrup Nielsen, S øren Mikkelsen and Anne Craveiro Brøchner Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Defining a mission-based method to determine a HEMS unit ’s actual service area
Geographical service areas are used as descriptive system indicators in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) related studies and reporting templates. The actual service area may differ significantly from administra... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jukka Pappinen, Anna Olkinuora and P äivi Laukkanen-Nevala Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Letter to the editor: in response to Alstrup et. al.
(Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 17, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Cor Slagt, Amon Heijne and Geert-Jan van Geffen Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Pre-hospital emergent intubation in trauma patients: the influence of etomidate on mortality, morbidity and healthcare resource utilization
Due to its favorable hemodynamic characteristics and by providing good intubation conditions etomidate is often used for induction of general anesthesia in trauma patients. It has been linked to temporary adre... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 7, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Michael G äßler, Matthias Ruppert, Rolf Lefering, Bertil Bouillon and Arasch Wafaisade Tags: Original research Source Type: research

An evaluation of the Swiss staging model for hypothermia using hospital cases and case reports from the literature
The Swiss staging model for hypothermia uses clinical indicators to stage hypothermia and guide the management of hypothermic patients. The proposed temperature range for clinical stage 1 is (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - June 6, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: M. Pasquier, P. N. Carron, A. Rodrigues, F. Dami, V. Frochaux, C. Sartori, T. Deslarzes and V. Rousson Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Acute Dysnatremias - a dangerous and overlooked clinical problem
Dysnatremias are common electrolyte disturbances with significant morbidity and mortality. In chronic dysnatremias a slow correction rate ( (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: David Joergensen, Kiarash Tazmini and Dag Jacobsen Tags: Review Source Type: research

Response to letter to the editor: “comment on unplanned out-of-hospital birth and risk factors of adverse perinatal outcome: findings from a prospective cohort”
The aim of this Letter to the Editor was to respond to a comment highlighting potential statistical biases in an analysis of our recently published article. We therefore specified the method for selecting the ... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fran çois Javaudin, Arnaud Legrand, Philippe Pes, Emmanuel Montassier and Christelle Volteau Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The effect of a terrorist attack on emergency department inflow: an observation study using difference-in-differences methodology
The objective of this study was to investigate how the terrorist attack in Stockholm, Sweden affected patient inflow to the general emergency departments (EDs) in close proximity of the attack. The study analy... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Andreas Ekstr öm, Fredrik Eng-Larsson, Olov Isaksson, Lisa Kurland and Martin Nordberg Tags: Original research Source Type: research

A prospective pilot study using metabolomics discloses specific fatty acid, catecholamine and tryptophan metabolic pathways as possible predictors for a negative outcome after severe trauma
We wanted to define metabolomic patterns in plasma to predict a negative outcome in severe trauma patients. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Luis Servi à, Mariona Jové, Joaquim Sol, Reinald Pamplona, Mariona Badia, Neus Montserrat, Manuel Portero-Otin and Javier Trujillano Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Diagnostic error increases mortality and length of hospital stay in patients presenting through the emergency room
Diagnostic errors occur frequently, especially in the emergency room. Estimates about the consequences of diagnostic error vary widely and little is known about the factors predicting error. Our objectives thu... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Wolf E. Hautz, Juliane E. K ämmer, Stefanie C. Hautz, Thomas C. Sauter, Laura Zwaan, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Tanja Birrenbach, Volker Maier, Martin Müller and Stefan K. Schauber Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Live video footage from scene to aid helicopter emergency medical service dispatch: a feasibility study
Obtaining accurate information from a 112 caller is key to correct tasking of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS). Being able to view the incident scene via video from a mobile phone may assist HEMS d... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: E. ter Avest, E. Lambert, R. de Coverly, H. Tucker, J. Griggs, M. H. Wilson, A. Ghorbangholi, J. Williams and R. M. Lyon Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Socioeconomic disparities in prehospital stroke care
Recent studies have revealed socioeconomic disparities in stroke outcomes. Here, we investigated whether prehospital stroke care differs with respect to socioeconomic status (SES). (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 2, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Amanda Niklasson, Johan Herlitz and Katarina Jood Tags: Original research Source Type: research