Sphingomonas paucimobilis peritonitis: A case report and review of the literature.
We report a case of Sphingomonas paucimobilis peritonitis in a 50-year-old patient who had been on PD for two years. The patient was successfully treated with intraperitoneal and intravenous antibiotics and the PD catheter was salvaged. PMID: 26022030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohan D, Railey M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Herb-induced acute bone marrow intoxication and interstitial nephritis superimposing glomerular C1q deposition in a patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
Abstract Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare disease of the red blood cell membrane that renders it lyzable by the complement system, leading to chronic intravascular hemolysis. Renal hemosiderosis is a well-known complication of intravascular hemolytic anemia and can lead to acute kidney injury and renal failure. The use of herbal medicine is common worldwide. The nephrotoxicity of herbal remedies can take several forms, which include acute kidney injury and acute and chronic interstitial nephritis. In addition, the use of herbal remedies can result in bone marrow toxicity and suppression. C1q nephropat...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Boqari DT, Al Faraj S, Arafah M, Aloudah N, Alkhairy KS, Alsuhaibani A, Alsaad KO Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Hypothermia and hypokalemia in a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis.
We present the case of a 36-year-old man with type-1 diabetes who was hospitalized with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). On admission, he had hypothermia, hypokalemia and combined metabolic and respiratory alkalosis, in addition to hyperglycemia. Hypothermia, hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis, with a concurrent respiratory alkalosis, are not commonly seen in DKA. After admission, intravenous infusion of 0.45% saline was administered, which resulted in the development of pure metabolic acidosis. After starting insulin infusion, hypokalemia and hypophosphatemia became evident and finally resulted in massive rhabdomyolysis. Hyp...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Saito O, Saito T, Sugase T, Kusano E, Nagata D Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Coexistence of sickle cell nephropathy and lupus nephritis in a Sudanese child.
Abstract In spite of the wide distribution of sickle cell disease (SCD) in Africa, an association with systemic lupus erythromatosis (SLE) is seldom reported. This may be due to the poor association between the two diseases or the high prevalence of missed cases. Progressive renal injury is prominent in both SCD and SLE. In this communication, we are presenting a case of an 11-year-old male who presented with sickle cell nephropathy that manifested as nephrotic syndrome with no response to conservative therapy, alongside unexplained massive hemolysis. His renal biopsy proved SLE superimposed on sickle cell nephrop...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Idris AB, Abdulgayoom A, Mudawi E, El Hassan AM, Elamin EM, El Hassan LA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Anesthetic management of renal transplantation in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient patient.
PMID: 26022034 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shah RB, Shah VR, Butala BP, Parikh GP Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Social trends in living kidney donors in a single center.
PMID: 26022035 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fatma LB, Zouaghi K, Rais L, Zannad B, Amri N, Kheder R, Krid M, Smaoui W, Beji S, Moussa FB Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Mycotic aneurysm of a native brachiocephalic fistula.
PMID: 26022036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Higgs DJ, Ariyarathenam A, Akoh JA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Irreversible fatal renal failure resulting from isolated renal mucormycosis.
PMID: 26022037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The effect of induced urinary tract infection during gestation in mother rats on infection in the neonates.
PMID: 26022038 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zarepour M, Moradpoor H, Emamghorashi F, Solhjo K, Rouhi R Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Pseudotumor cerebri associated with uremia and NSAIDs.
PMID: 26022039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kaya B, Altun E, Paydas S, Balal M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Renal vascular lesions in lupus nephritis: A need for further characterization of vasculopathy.
PMID: 26022040 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nasri H, Mubarak M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Bilateral partial duplex collecting system in horseshoe kidney with stone in the left upper and lower moiety: An unusual association.
PMID: 26022041 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Singh SK, Kumar A Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Clinical use of the metal chelators calcium disodium edetate, DMPS, and DMSA.
G PMID: 26022042 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: BjΦrklund G Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Profile of renal diseases in Iraqi children: A single-center report.
This study reports the epidemiological data, percentages and types of renal disorders in children seen at the pediatric nephrology center of the AlKadhymia Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. A retrospective review of the charts of all patients, aged between one month and 14 years, who were admitted and followed-up for a period of three years from January 2009 till January 2012 were studied. The presence of renal disease based on their clinical records, laboratory tests and final diagnosis were noted. A total of 4785 children were admitted during the study period, of whom 326 renal disorders were observed in 281 children (5....
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ali SH, Hussien FS, Abd Al-Amer H Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Outcome assessment of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury in Morocco: A national prospective study.
Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a rare but life-threatening complication of pregnancy. The aim of this paper is to study the characteristics of acute AKI in pregnancy and to emphasize on its management modalities in Moroccan hospitals. This is a national prospective study performed over six months from July 1 to December 31 2010 on AKI developing in pregnant patients, both preand post-partum period. Patients with pre-existing kidney disease were excluded from the study. Outcome was considered unfavorable when complete recovery of renal function was not achieved and/or maternal death occurred. Forty-four pati...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kabbali N, Tachfouti N, Arrayhani M, Harandou M, Tagnaouti M, Bentata Y, Laouad I, Ramdani B, Bayahia R, Oualim Z, Houssaini TS Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Restless leg syndrome in hemodialysis patients: A disorder that should be noticed.
Abstract Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a distressing sleep disorder that is commonly experienced by patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of RLS and its related factors among hemodialysis patients. This was an analytical cross-sectional study that was performed on hemodialysis patients of the Bu"Ali Hospital of Qazvin during 2009 and 2010. One hundred and twelve patients were selected by the census sampling method as the study sample. Data collection was performed using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Berlin, ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yazdi Z, Sadeghniiat-Haghighi K, Kazemifar AM, Kordi A, Naghipour S Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Quality of life in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in an African setting.
Abstract To determine the quality of life (QOL) of patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), we studied all the CAPD patients attending their monthly follow-up care clinics at three tertiary hospitals in Johannesburg by administering the World Health Organization QOL-Bref questionnaire. The patients were grouped according to age, duration of peritoneal dialysis and gender. Data were analyzed to determine the significant differences in the QOL scores among the subgroups. There were 114 patients [64 males (56.1%), with a mean age of 42.4 ± 11.3 years) and 38 healthy control subjects (22 ma...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Okaka EI, Naidoo S, Ahmed MM, Davies M, Naicker S Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Nephrectomy in adults: Experience at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.
The objective of this study was to analyze nephrectomies performed in adults over a 12-year period at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra and to compare our findings with reports from other institutions. In this retrospective study, medical records of 97 consecutive adult patients who underwent nephrectomy from January 2000 to December 2011 were reviewed. The parameters extracted included the patients' age, gender, indication for nephrectomy and the side of nephrectomy. Also considered were the histology of the nephrectomy specimen and the peri-operative mortality. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kyei MY, Klufio GO, Mensah JE, Gyasi RK, Gepi-Attee S, Ampadu K Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Author's reply.
PMID: 25958420 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Haddad M, Tajbakhsh R, Farajollahi M, Qorbani M, Besharat S, Joshaghani HR Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Author's reply.
PMID: 25958421 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Emami Zeydi A, Khezri HD Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Chronic kidney disease in disadvantaged populations.
PMID: 25758866 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Garcia-Garcia G, Jha V, World Kidney Day Steering Committee Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Albuminuria prediction of kidney function outcome in kidney transplant recipients.
Abstract To investigate the association of albuminuria and kidney function outcome in kidney transplant recipients, we studied 161 kidney transplant recipients; 95 (59%) of them were males and the mean age of the patients was 46 ± 13 years (range 18-70 years). All the patients received allografts from living related kidney donors. The mean body mass index of the patients was 25 ± 4 kg/m 2 . Forty (25%) patients were diabetic and 72 (45%) patients were hypertensive. All the patients had glomerular filtration rate (iGFR) determination by ( 99m Tc-DTPA) clearance and albumiuria was assessed using the fi...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: El Minshawy O, El-Bassuoni E Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

A meta-analysis of potential relationship between Epstein-Barr-Encoded-RNA (EBER) and onset time of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders.
In this study, we tried to find series in which data of EBER and onset time of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) for patients have been documented to conduct a meta-analysis. A comprehensive search of the literature was performed by Pubmed and Google scholar to find reports indicating test results for EBER and PTLD onset in transplant patients. PTLD was considered "early onset" when it develops within the first post-transplant year. Finally, 265 patients from 15 studies have been included in the meta-analysis. The overall meta-analysis also showed a significant relation between EBER test positiv...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Khedmat H, Karbasi-Afshar R, Agah S, Ghamar-Chehreh ME, Amini M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Comparison of renal function following donor nephrectomy versus radical nephrectomy for renal tumor.
In this study, we compared renal function in patients after donor nephrectomy (DN) and radical nephrectomy (RN). We retrospectively reviewed 68 patients (mean follow-up 15 months), including 30 patients who had undergone DN and 38 patients who had undergone RN. The study was performed between April 2006 and July 2010 at a single institute. Patients were matched for age and co-morbidities (hypertension and diabetes mellitus). We calculated the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study group equation. Parameters studied included GFR (≥60 to 2.0 mg/dL), metabolic acid...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Etafy M, Saleh F, Abdel Aal MA, Gawish M, Morsy G Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Study of non-compliance among chronic hemodialysis patients and its impact on patients' outcomes.
Abstract Non-adherence to prescription is common among hemodialysis (HD) patients and has been associated with significant morbidity. At least 50% of HD patients are believed to be non-adherent to some part of their treatment. We aimed to assess the prevalence of non-adherence to dialysis prescription among 100 chronic HD patients. We explored the relationship between non-adherence on one hand and socioeconomic profile, depression scores and cognitive function on the other hand. The impact of patients' non-adherence on nutritional status, quality of life and dialysis adequacy was also assessed. The mean age of the...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ibrahim S, Hossam M, Belal D Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Nutritional knowledge following interventional educational sessions in children on regular hemodialysis.
Abstract To evaluate the impact of nutritional knowledge following interventional educational sessions in chronic dialysis patients, we studied 40 children on chronic regular hemodialysis (HD) at the beginning and after six months of nutrition educational sessions using a predesigned questionnaire. We also measured the anthropometric parameters of nutrition to evaluate the impact of this education on the health of patients. We found a highly statistically significant increase in patients' scores and in adequate knowledge using the questionnaire after the educational sessions. Our results showed a statistically sig...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Youssef DM, Abo Al Fotoh MN, Elibehidy RM, Ramadan SM, Mohammad EM Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Coping methods to stress among patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
Abstract Dialysis patients need to deal and cope with various aspects of their disease. Identifying the adaptation methods provides valuable information for planning specific treatment and medical care delivery and improving the performance of medical teams. The present study aims to evaluate the coping strategies to stress among patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) at the Imam Reza Educational-Medical Hospital, Tabriz, West Azarbaijan, Iran. This descriptive and analytical study was conducted on 70 patients in the year 2012. The subjects were selected through census method and simple...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Parvan K, Ahangar R, Hosseini FA, Abdollahzadeh F, Ghojazadeh M, Jasemi M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The effect of regular hemodialysis on the nutritional status of children with end-stage renal disease.
Abstract Growth failure is one of the most common and profound clinical manifestation of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in infants, children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status of Egyptian children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular hemodialysis (HD). The study included 50 Egyptian children with ESRD on regular HD, following-up at the Pediatric Nephrology unit, Cairo University. History, including dietary history, was taken for all patients and clinical examination was performed on all of them. Body weight, standing height, height or length SD score, the skin fold ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lotfy HM, Sabry SM, Ghobrial EE, Abed SA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Gabapentin versus levodopa-c for the treatment of restless legs syndrome in hemodialysis patients: A randomized clinical trial.
Abstract To compare the efficacy of gabapentin and levodopa-c (Levodopa/Carbidopa) in reducing restless leg syndrome (RLS) symptoms and sleep problems in hemodialysis patients with RLS in a four-week randomized clinical trial. The diagnosis of RLS was made using the criteria of the International Restless Legs Study Group. Each subject completed three questionnaires: IRLS questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth sleepiness scale. After four weeks of washout period for previous treatments for RLS, subjects were randomly assigned to four weeks of gabapentin (200 mg) or levodopa-c (110 mg). After four...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Razazian N, Azimi H, Heidarnejadian J, Afshari D, Ghadami MR Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of color doppler ultrasonography in detecting stenosis and occlusion of central veins in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Abstract Venography is an invasive diagnostic test that uses contrast material that provides a picture of the condition of the veins. But, complications, including adverse effects on the kidney, do occur. On the other hand, with the current technological development, application of ultrasound in the diagnosis of obstructive diseases of the veins is gaining popularity, being non-invasive, easy to perform and cost-effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of central vein stenosis. In this descriptive-analytical study, 41 hemodialysis patients who had...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rad MP, Kazemzadeh GH, Ziaee M, Azarkar G Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The impact of pediatric nephrotic syndrome on parents' health-related quality of life and family functioning: An assessment made by the PedsQL 4.0 family impact module.
Abstract The multi-dimensional impact on the quality of life (QOL) of families of children with the nephrotic syndrome (NS) has not been studied sufficiently in the literature. We aimed to study this aspect and the predictors of poor QOL among Indian families having children with NS. A cross-sectional study was conducted to compare the parents of children with chronic NS on treatment for at least one year with parents of a matched healthy control group. The parents of both groups were asked to complete the standard self-administered multi-dimensional questionnaire of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4 (PedsQL T...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mishra K, Ramachandran S, Firdaus S, Rath B Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Comparison of measured glomerular filtration rates with isotope infusion and with the modification of diet in renal disease equation in cancer patients with raised serum creatinine.
Abstract To compare the measured glomerular filtration rate (rGFR) using [99mTc] diethylene triamine pentacetic acid (DTPA) clearance or estimated GFR (eGFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation in cancer patients with raised serum creatinine level, we studied 100 cancer patients; 50 patients with normal serum creatinine (control group) and 50 patients with abnormal serum creatinine (study group). History of patients, including site of cancer, chemotherapy regime and dose of chemotherapy, was recorded. The rGFR and eGFR were increased in the study group as compared with the control group, b...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Javaid A, Jaffri SA, Munir I, Qazi MH, Nawaz MK Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Non-tolerability of double-filtration plasmapheresis in antibody-incompatible kidney transplant candidates.
mar N Abstract Few studies have reported the use of double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) in antibody-incompatible kidney transplantation. To assess the efficiency and tolerability of DFPP, we prospectively studied four chronic hemodialysis patients from two centers undergoing antibody-incompatible kidney transplantation. DFPP was used for ABO-incompatible transplantation (n = 1), for high human leukocyte antigen (HLA) immunization levels (n = 2) or for the presence of a donor-specific antibody (DSA) against a potential living donor (n = 1). In all the patients, the DFPP program was discontinued because of the a...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hebibi H, Weclawiak H, Rostaing L, Beaudreuil S, Allal A, François H, Durrbach A, Kamar N Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Geriatric nutritional risk index: A mortality predictor in hemodialysis patients.
Abstract Recently, the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) has been introduced as a valuable tool to assess the nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients. To determine the predictive value of the GNRI score for death in HD, we studied 145 chronic HD patients (%53 men, mean age 60 ± 16 years). The GNRI score was estimated by an equation involving serum albumin and individual's weight and height. According to the highest positive likelihood and risk ratios, the cut-off value of the GNRI for mortality was set at 100. The survival of patients on HD was examined with the Cox proportional hazards model...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Edalat-Nejad M, Zameni F, Qlich-Khani M, Salehi F Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: Nurses' experiences of teaching patients.
In conclusion, the findings of this study showed several factors that are considered as barriers for the nurses during teaching the CAPD patients and the need to improve the communication and teaching in the peritoneal dialysis units, including the importance of individualized teaching. PMID: 25758880 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shubayra A Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus in a single nephrology unit.
Abstract Clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are widely variable, and its course is unpredictable. SLE that begins in childhood has been considered more severe than SLE with onset during adulthood. Our aim was to determine the presentation and the outcome of SLE of 26 children (20 females and 6 males, with a female to male ratio of 3.8:1) with SLE in our center, their ages ranging from 5 - 18 years and followed from 2005 till October 2011. They were diagnosed according to the American Rheumatism Association's revised criteria. Complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C3, urin...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Youssef DM, Tawfek DM, Mohammed AM, Mohammed R, Khalifa NA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Effects of fasting during Ramadan on renal function of patients with chronic kidney disease.
Abstract Fasting during Ramadan is prohibited when an individual's health is endangered. Little work has been published in this direction in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to evaluate the impact of fasting during Ramadan on the renal function of patients with CKD, adjusting for the initial degree of renal impairment. We prospectively studied 60 patients with CKD (35 females; mean age 45.6 ± 15.8 years). All study patients were older than 15 years, being followed-up at the nephrology clinic for more than six months, having a stable CKD during the preceding six months and who had fasted ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mbarki H, Tazi N, Najdi A, Tachfouti N, Arrayhani M, Sqalli T Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Metformin-associated lactic acidosis in a peritoneal dialysis patient.
We report a case of metformin-associated lactic acidosis in a patient with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis. The patient presented with severe lactic acidosis, which was successfully treated with hemodialysis. PMID: 25758883 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Almaleki N, Ashraf M, Hussein MM, Mohiuddin SA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis: Presentation without preceding symptoms.
We present the case of a 71-year-old man diagnosed with EPS incidentally at laparotomy for removal of PD catheter following an episode of PD peritonitis. He had been treated with continuous ambulatory PD for 18 months. He presented with anasarca and did not exhibit persistent symptoms of gastrointestinal dysfunction to suggest the EPS. Computed tomography scanning obtained 18 days prior to confirmation of the diagnosis did not demonstrate any features suggestive of EPS, highlighting a deficiency in the sensitivity of the diagnostic investigations. Management of the EPS is typically complicated by late diagnosis and concomi...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yiannoullou P, Kanesalingam K, van Dellen D, Augustine T Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Spontaneous peri-nephric hematoma in a patient with acute kidney injury following Russell's viper envenomation.
We present a case of a 34-year-old male who had developed AKI following Russell's viper envenomation along with disseminated intravascular coagulation. The patient was seemingly improving during the course of his treatment but subsequently developed a spontaneous unilateral peri-nephric hematoma and finally succumbed to this complication. This is a rare presentation that can be clinically innoccuous in a disease where there are multiple bleeding manifestations and, carries a very poor outcome. PMID: 25758885 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Golay V, Roychowdhary A, Pandey R Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Visceral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Alternaria alternata offering a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic challenge.
Abstract Phaeohyphomycosis is a heterogeneous group of opportunistic infections caused by dematiaceous molds, which are distributed worldwide as plant pathogens but rarely cause human diseases. However, due to the growing populations of immunocompromised patients, these fungi are frequently recognized as important human pathogens. We are reporting this very rare, unique case for the first time from Islamabad, Pakistan, describing the association of visceral Phaeohyphomycosis caused by the opportunistic fungus Alternaria alternata, affecting the left kidney, with the immunocompromised state in a young incidentally ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Raza H, Khan RU, Anwar K, Muhammad K Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Multiple sites of calciphylaxis in a patient with chronic renal failure.
We report a pre-hemodialysis (HD) patient with acute renal failure and biopsy-proven calciphylaxis involving multiple cutaneous sites with calcification of the perineal area resulting in dry gangrene of the penis that necessitated a partial penectomy. The patient had elevated serum calcium, phosphorous and parathyroid hormone level of 612 pg/mL. The same patient suffered subsequently from a calcium embolus that occluded his left ophthalmic artery and resulted in left eye blindness. Calciphylaxis is a devastating phenomenon and physicians should have a high clinical suspicion for it in HD patients as well as in patients wit...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hanna RM, Nabil JR, Lopez EA, Corry DB, Wilson J Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Intrathoracic kidney in a child with literature review.
We report a case of a three-year-old boy with right ITK, diagnosed incidentally by chest radiography during treatment of lower respiratory tract infection and confirmed by chest computerized tomography scan. PMID: 25758888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Saqladi AW, Akares SA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

An unusual presentation of venous thrombosis in a child with idiopathic membranous nephropathy.
Abstract Venous thrombosis is one of the major complications associated with nephrotic syndrome. Among the primary glomerular diseases, membranous nephropathy is associated with a high incidence of thrombotic events. Although this is well described in adults, there is paucity of the literature regarding venous thrombosis in children. Herein, we report such a thrombotic event involving both the lower limb veins and the inferior vena cava in a child with membranous nephropathy. PMID: 25758889 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Burri S, Yadla M, Deshpande P, Enaganti R, Chada R, NarasimhaMoorthy NL, Kumar NA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Microscopic polyangiitis associated with primary biliary cirrhosis, Sjogren's syndrome and Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
We describe here a patient who presented with sensorimotor neuropathy along with hypothyroidism, renal failure and liver dysfunction. Detection of antinuclear antibodies at a titer of 1/800, anti-SSA, anti-SSB, anti-GP210, anti-microsomial and p-ANCA anti-myeloperoxydase antibodies along with renal, salivary and liver biopsy led to a diagnosis of MPA associated with PBC, Sjogren's syndrome and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. PMID: 25758890 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ghorbel IB, Feki NB, Salem TB, Hamzaoui A, Khanfir M, Lamloum M, Miled M, Houman MH Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The efficacy of dipyridamole in the treatment of hypophosphatemia- hypocalcemia for hungry bone syndrome in a hemodialysis patient.
PMID: 25758891 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kaya B, Altun E, Paydas S, Balal M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

A patient with hemodialysis intolerance and hypereosinophilia.
PMID: 25758892 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nayak-Rao S Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Occult hepatitis C virus infection in dialysis patients: Does it need special attention?
PMID: 25758893 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rezaee-Zavareh MS, Ramezani-Binabaj M, Einollahi B Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The effect of serum fetuin-A on atherosclerosis in hemodialysis patients.
PMID: 25758894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aydin FN, Agilli M, Cayci T, Kurt YG Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Occurrence of microalbuminuria among children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
PMID: 25758895 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research