Authors' Reply.
MID: 27424717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - July 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Authors' Reply. Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Hospital Contributing in Organ donation Program.
Authors: PMID: 27411239 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

C1q-binding anti-HLA antibody assay: A test dilemma.
Abstract Detection of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies in patients with kidney graft, or awaiting kidney graft, acts as a predictor for antibody mediated rejection. Several methods are in practice for the detection of anti-HLA antibodies; including the latest introduction of C1q-binding anti-HLA antibody method. This method depends on detecting complement fixing anti-HLA antibodies on single antigen beads using C1q as the marker for the presence of those antibodies. Here we discuss recent data on this method and present a working hypothesis for explaining the inability of this method to detect low titer anti-HLA...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hajeer AH Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Is there an association between Vitamin D level and inflammatory markers in hemodialysis patients? A cross-sectional study.
Abstract Vitamin D deficiency is very prevalent among the patients with end-stage renal disease. The etiology of this is multifactorial, including nutritional deficiency, insufficient expo- sure to sunlight, race, obesity and not the least, impaired Vitamin D synthesis and metabolism in chronic kidney disease patients. We hypothesized that lower Vitamin D level will be associated with higher inflammatory burden and low immunological response to hepatitis B vaccination in hemodialysis (HD) population. The study was carried out in March 2013 among 100 HD patients who were identified to be eligible for the study. Thi...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohiuddin SA, Marie M, Ashraf M, Hussein M, Almalki N Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Evaluation of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis fluid C-reactive protein in patients with peritonitis.
Abstract Severe peritonitis causing death is one of the most devastating complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Since the predictive value of C-reactive protein (CRP) in PD fluid has not been assessed, the objective of the present study is to evaluate its predictive value and clinical correlation in patients on PD with peritonitis. One hundred and twenty patients on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) were enrolled and their serum and fluid CRP (Fl. CRP) were evaluated at the start of CAPD. All patients who developed peritonitis were further evaluated for serum and fluid CRP. The patients were categorized into fou...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ramanathan K, Padmanabhan G, Vijayaraghavan B Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The association between glycemic control and microalbuminuria in Type 2 diabetes.
Abstract Microalbuminuria is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and renal out- come in a patient with Type 2 diabetes. The evidence that intensive glycemic control reduces the microvascular complications of diabetes is based almost exclusively on prevention of micro- albuminuria. To evaluate the association between microalbuminuria and glycemic control and other factors in Type 2 diabetes, we studied retrospectively 551 patients with Type 2 diabetes. The patients were divided into two groups: 175 patients with microalbuminuria in the case group and 376 with normal urine albumin-creatinine ratio in the c...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Showail AA, Ghoraba M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Renal impairment in multiple myeloma: A single center experience.
Abstract To determine the features of the different forms of kidney diseases associated with multiple myeloma (MM), we retrospectively studied 144 patients with kidney injury and MM at our institute from 1974 to 2014. The mean age of the patients was 60.1 years and the male:female ratio was 1.25. Renal disease was concomitant with the discovery of MM in 92% of cases. The mean follow-up of our patients was 2.1 years. Initial renal insufficiency was found in 131 (91%) patients. Cast nephropathy of the distal tubule was found in 110 (26%) patients, renal amyloidosis in 16 (11.1%), and light chain deposition disease i...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gorsane I, Barbouch S, Mayara M, Abdelghani KB, Goucha R, Hamida FB, Hedri H, Abdallah TB Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The effect of phototherapy on urinary calcium excretion in term neonates.
Abstract Phototherapy is the most common, most effective, and least dangerous treatment method for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and is the treatment of the first choice for neonatal icterus. Hypocalcemia is one of the lesser-known complications of phototherapy. Some studies have shown a relationship between increased urinary calcium excretion and phototherapy-induced hypocalcemia. We aimed to assess the effect of phototherapy on urinary calcium excretion in term neonates. This before-after study was performed on 80 term neonates having hyper- bilirubinemia referred to the 17thShahrivar Hospital, Rasht, Guilan Provi...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Asl AS, Zarkeshl M, Heidarzadeh A, Maleknejad S, Hagikhani K Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Contribution of glomerular morphometry to the diagnosis of pediatric nephropathies.
This study was conducted to identify an association between morphometric data in renal biopsies and renal function of these patients. Fifty-nine individuals with ages between 2 and 18 years old were selected, who were divided into six groups consisting of frequent nephropathies in children and adolescents and one control group. Proteinuria, urea, and creatinine values of the patients were recorded. Interactive image analysis software Leica QWin[®]was used for morpho- metric analysis of Bowman's capsule, glomerular capillary tuft, and Bowman's space area. The mean glomerular tuft area was higher in the membranous glomer...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marini MB, Rocha LP, Machado JR, Ramalho FS, Dos Reis MA, Corrêa RR Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities among adolescents.
Abstract To determine the prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities in adolescents, first morning clean mid-stream urine specimens were obtained from 2500 individuals and examined by dipstick and light microscopy. Adolescents with abnormal screening results were reexamined after two weeks and those who had abnormal results twice were subjected to systemic clinical examination and further clinical and laboratory investigations. Eight hundred and three (32.1%) individuals had urinary abnormalities at the first screening, which significantly decreased to 345 (13.8%) at the second screening, (P
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fouad M, Boraie M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Neurological and cardiac complications in a cohort of children with end-stage renal disease.
Abstract Adult patients with chronic kidney disease are at risk of major neurologic and cardiac complications. The purpose of this study is to review the neurological and cardiac complications in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A retrospective review of medical records of children with ESRD at Jordan University Hospital was performed. All neurological and cardiac events were recorded and analyzed. Data of a total of 68 children with ESRD presenting between 2002 and 2013 were reviewed. Neurological complications occurred in 32.4%; seizures were the most common event. Uncontrolled hypertension was the ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Albaramki JH, Al-Ammouri IA, Akl KF Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The effects of dual and triple combinations of trandolapril, telmisartan, and verapamil on overt proteinuria in the patients with diabetic nephropathy.
In this study, the effects of double and triple combinations of trandolapril, telmisartan, and verapamil on proteinuria were investigated in diabetic patients with nephropathy. Seventy-eight patients (mean age: 56.11 ± 11.26 years; 47 females and 31 males) with overt proteinuria and DN were included in this study. The patients were divided into four groups: Group I (n: 18, trandolapril + telmisartan), Group II (n: 20, trando- lapril + verapamil), Group III (n: 20, trandolapril +telmisartan + verapamil), and Group IV (n: 20, telmisartan + verapamil). At the end of a three-month therapy, within and between group compa...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Albayrak B, Cankaya E, Cetinkaya R, Cerrah S, Bilen Y Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Na/K citrate versus sodium bicarbonate in prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy.
Abstract Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the important complications of radiographic procedures, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is also one of the common causes of acute kidney injury. The pathogenesis is postulated to be the effect of oxygen- free radicals and hyperosmolar stress on the renal medulla. It is reported that the production of superoxide is most active at acid environment. K/Na citrate is well known as a urine alkalini- zation medium, and this has been evaluated earlier with standard hydration for reduction of CIN and was stated to be efficient. We aimed to determi...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abouzeid SM, ElHossary HE Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Primary hyperoxaluria in infants.
Abstract The infantile form of primary hyperoxaluria type-1 (PH-1) is characterized by a rapid progression to the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to both increased oxalate load and reduced glomerular filtration rate. In the literature, data on this form are limited. The purpose of this study is to analyze retrospectively the clinical, biological, and radiological features of children who were diagnosed with PH-1 during the 1styear of life. We reviewed the records of all children with PH-1 diagnosed and followed-up at our department between January 1995 and December 2013. Among them, only infants younger than 12...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jellouli M, Ferjani M, Abidi K, Zarrouk C, Naija O, Abdelmoula J, Gargah T Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Comparison between doppler ultrasound resistive index, serum creatinine, and histopathologic changes in patients with kidney transplant dysfunction in early posttransplantation period: A single center study with review of literature.
Abstract To determine the relationship between resistive index (RI) measured by Doppler ultrasound, serum creatinine (SCr), and histopathological changes on biopsy during kidney trans- plant dysfunction in early postoperative period, we studied 47 kidney transplant patients; 61% of the patients had acute transplant rejection, 19% had acute tubular necrosis, 4% had calcineurin inhibitor toxicity, 11% had normal morphology in biopsy, and 5% had changes compatible with pyelonephritis. None of the study patients had interstitial fibrosis or tubular atrophy on biopsy. We found that the sensitivity and specificity of RI...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Patel KN, Patel NA, Gandhi SP Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Serum sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of patients with membranous nephropathy and focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis.
This study was conducted to analyze proteins with different MWs in patients with MN and FSGS and to compare the two groups with regard to their protein profile. This was a comparative, experimental study performed from June 2013 to July 2014 in the Department of Nephrology, Sir Sunderlal Hospital, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Twenty-three histologically diagnosed cases of primary MN and 25 cases of FSGS were included in the study. Patients were categorized as having mild, moderate, and severe proteinuria with 24 h urinary protein levels of
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pant P, Singh RG, Usha, Singh SK, Singh VP, Doley PK, Sivasankar M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The relationship between concentrations of magnesium and oxidized low-density lipoprotein and Beta2-microglobulin in the serum of patients on the end-stage of renal disease.
Abstract The end-stage of renal disease is associated with increased oxidative stress and oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs). Beta2 microglobulin (beta2M) is accumulated in the serum of dialysis patients. Magnesium (Mg) plays a protective role in the development of oxidative stress in healthy subjects. We studied the relationship between concentrations of magnesium and oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and beta2M in the serum of patients on the end stage of renal disease. In 96 patients on on-line- predilution hemodiafiltration, beta2M and intact parathormone were measured by radioimmunoassays. High-sen...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Raikou VD, Kyriaki D Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Hemodialysis safety: Evaluation of clinical practice.
Abstract Hemodialysis (HD) safety has become a clinical priority; therefore, the use of checklists for making the dialysis session safe is now widely adopted. The aim of our study was to assess different shortcomings in the clinical practice of nurses working in different Moroccan dialysis centers and to discuss the interest of using such checklists. This cross-sectional study was performed in 13 chronic HD centers. Clinical practice of nurses was evaluated through checklists used in European outpatient dialysis units. We noted several deficiencies mainly related to the clinical evaluation of dialysis patients and...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fadili W, Adnouni A, Laouad I Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Clinicopathological correlations of renal pathology: A single center experience.
In conclusion, GN was the most common pathology in this study, FSGS and MPGN were the most common patterns in primary GN. PMID: 27215250 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ismail MI, Lakouz K, Abdelbary E Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Characteristics and outcome of living kidney donors after donation: A report from Cote d'Ivoire.
Abstract Kidney transplantation from living kidney donors (LKDs) because of its good results represents a good option for the treatment of patients with the end-stage renal disease. Kidney donation is a relatively safe procedure according to several studies. We conducted this cross-sectional study in order to describe the demographic, clinical, and renal outcome of LKD in Cτte d'Ivoire. From March to November 2014, LKD residing in Cτte d'Ivoire at the time of investigation and having donated the kidney more than one year ago were considered for the study. They were evaluated through a questionnaire. Of the...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lagou DA, Ackoundou-N'guessan KC, Njapom TL, Sekongo YM, Guei CM, Tia MW, Gnionsahe DA Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

A study of outcome and complications associated with temporary hemodialysis catheters in a Nigerian dialysis unit.
Abstract Hemodialysis (HD) catheters are commonly used as temporary vascular access in patients with kidney failure who require immediate HD. The use of these catheters is limited by complications such as infections, thrombosis resulting in poor blood flow. We studied the complications and outcomes of nontunneled catheters used for vascular access in our dialysis unit. The records of all patients, with renal failure who were dialyzed over a two-year period and had a double lumen nontunneled catheter inserted, were retrieved. Catheter insertion was carried out under ultrasound guidance using the modified Seldinger ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amira CO, Bello BT, Braimoh RW Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Histopathological types in adult nephrotic syndrome.
Abstract In Bangladesh, there are very few studies about biopsy proven adult Nephrotic syndrome (NS) with histological types and their clinical findings. To determine the histological types of glomerulonephritis (GN) in adult NS and correlate them with the clinical presentations and biochemical parameters, we studied 100 biopsies in 87 patients who underwent ultrasonography- guided renal biopsy in Rangpur Medical College and Hospital from July 2010 to June 2012. The mean age of the patients was 32.8 ± 13.2 years; male was preponderance (72.4%) and most of the patients (67.8%) came from rural areas. Membrano...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yusuf MG, Das BB, Shaha AC, Hossain MZ Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Severe hemorrhage complicating early transplant nephrectomy due to sepsis.
We present a case of severe bleeding from the external iliac artery secondary to a pelvic abscess following renal transplantation and transplant nephrectomy. A 73-year-old man received an extended criteria donor organ from a 49-year-old person who died from systemic sepsis. The patient bled from the Carrel's patch while awaiting a computed tomographic scan- guided drainage of an infected peritransplant collection. At exploration, a nonviable allograft surrounded by about 1 L of thick pus was removed. Bleeding from a 2 mm hole in the Carrel's patch was repaired by prolene suture as the external iliac vessels could not be mo...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Akoh JA, Rana T Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia after renal transplantation: A case report and literature review.
We describe a 51- year-old man with end-stage renal disease who developed intestinal ischemia and infarction due to NOMI three days after deceased donor kidney transplantation, which was managed success- fully and his renal graft function was saved. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the few cases of NOMI occurring after renal transplantation reported in the literature. PMID: 27215255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tavakkoli M, Mahdavi-Zafarghandi R, Ghoreifi A, Khooei A Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Renal manifestations of human brucellosis: First report of minimal change disease.
Abstract Human brucellosis is considered a great example of the complexity of clinical manifestations possibly affecting multiple organs or systems. Renal manifestations of human brucellosis have been documented in few case reports and one case series. Herein, we present a case of Nephrotic syndrome (NS) due to minimal change disease in the course of acute brucellosis. A 53-year-old male farmer was admitted to our department with acute brucellosis and NS. Renal biopsy revealed minimal change disease. Combined treatment with prednisone (1 mg/kg), rifampicin (600 mg/day), and doxycycline (200 mg/day) was initiated. ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sabanis N, Gavriilaki E, Paschou E, Tsotsiou E, Kalaitzoglou A, Kavlakoudis C, Vasileiou S Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Baclofen-induced neurotoxicity in a patient with end-stage renal disease.
Abstract Baclofen, predominantly excreted by the kidneys is accumulated in patients with renal insufficiency leading to the central nervous system toxicity. Here the author reports a patient with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) who developed drowsiness and became unresponsive within a day after taking single 10 mg dose of baclofen. Patient improved completely after two sessions of HD. PMID: 27215257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Radhakrishnan H Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Infantile nephropathic cystinosis with incomplete fanconi syndrome, hypothyroidism, hydro-uretero-nephrosis, and megacystis.
We describe the clinical features in a four and a half-year-old Indian boy with infantile nephropathic cystinosis that presented with the incomplete Fanconi syndrome, hydro-uretero-nephrosis with megacystis, and hypothyroidism. PMID: 27215258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: More V, Shanbag P Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody negative crescentic paucimmune glomerulonephritis in a case of scleroderma with systemic lupus erythematosus overlap.
We report a case in which the renal manifestation in such a situation was of a focal necrotising pauci-immune glomerulonephritis with crescents, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody negative. To the best of our knowledge, such manifestations have not been described before. Renal dysfunction in a normotensive setting in such a case should direct one towards evaluation for other causes and should prompt a kidney biopsy. This would be valuable in delineating the pathological process in the kidney and would help in guiding therapy. PMID: 27215259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Disease...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tewari R, Badwal S, Kumar A, Subramaniam S, Nijhawan VS, Srinivas V Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Primary hyperoxaluria in an adult male: A rare cause of end-stage kidney disease yet potentially fatal if misdiagnosed.
Abstract Primary hyperoxaluria is an autosomal recessive disorder due to a deficiency in the activity of the peroxisomal hepatic enzyme alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase. It is a common cause of urolithiasis and end-stage kidney disease in children contrary to the adult phenotypic presentation which is considered a mild disorder with occasional urolithiasis. In this case report, we describe a 25-year-old man who presented with advanced and irreversible kidney failure within three months following strenuous physical training in the police academy. He had nephrocalcinosis and stones in one kidney. Diagnosis was co...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: El-Reshaid K, Al-Bader D, Madda JP Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

An unusual presentation of juvenile lupus nephritis.
Abstract The incidence of juvenile lupus varies widely ranging between 4 and 250 per 100,000 population. Most common organ involvement in juvenile lupus is kidney. Neurological, cutaneous and hematological involvements are also involved. Skeletal muscle involvement in the form of myositis is rare. Myositis as presenting manifestation in juvenile lupus is also unusual. Herein, we report one such case wherein myositis preceded the onset of lupus nephritis. PMID: 27215261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bottu M, Yadla M, Burri S, Uppin M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Report of a kidney recipient with inguinal herniation of the transplant ureter.
PMID: 27215262 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Soleymanian T, Kalantarian T, Radmard A Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Remarks about the study on evaluation of thyroid hormone levels in chronic kidney disease patients.
PMID: 27215263 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Remarks about the study of eosinophilic cystitis and idiopathic hyper-eosinophilic syndrome in a eight-year-old girl.
PMID: 27215264 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Restless leg syndrome and its treatment.
PMID: 27215265 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shubhakaran K Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Remarks about the study on immunoglobulin G4-related disease: Two case reports and review of the recent literature.
PMID: 27215266 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Adwan MH Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Adrenal insufficiency in snake envenomation: Another piece of puzzle?
PMID: 27215267 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Senthilkumaran S, Jena NN, Sandeep GB, Thirumalaikolundusubramanian P Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Remarks about the study of an unusual presentation of venous thrombosis in a child with idiopathic membranous nephropathy.
PMID: 27215268 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Effects of type of body weight type on acute kidney injury diagnosis.
PMID: 27215269 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation)
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - May 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ratanapo S Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Averting the legacy of kidney disease - Focus on childhood.
Abstract World Kidney Day 2016 focuses on kidney disease in childhood and the antecedents of adult kidney disease that can begin in earliest childhood. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in childhood differs from that in adults, as the largest diagnostic group among children includes congenital anomalies and inherited disorders, with glomerulopathies and kidney disease in the setting of diabetes being relatively uncommon. In addition, many children with acute kidney injury will ultimately develop sequelae that may lead to hypertension and CKD in later childhood or in adult life. Children born early or who are small-for ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ingelfinger JR, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Schaefer F, World Kidney Day Steering Committee Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Pregnancy after renal transplantation: Effects on mother, child, and renal graft function.
Abstract The aim of this study was to report our experience of pregnancy in renal transplant (RT) patients and its medium and long-term effects on the renal graft as well as the maternal fetal complications. We studied 21 pregnancies in 12 RT patients with mean age of 29.9 ± 5.3 years. The mean duration of RT to 1 st pregnancy was 42 (21-68.5) months and the median follow-up period was 112.5 (138-165) months. The pregnancy was planned in 28.6% of the cases. At the time of the diagnosis of the pregnancy, all the patients were maintained on corticosteroids and cyclosporine, 14.3% of the patients were on mycop...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: El Houssni S, Sabri S, Benamar L, Ouzeddoun N, Bayahia R, Rhou H Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Serum magnesium level and vascular stiffness in children with chronic kidney disease on regular hemodialysis.
In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between serum Mg levels and vascular stiffness in children with CKD on regular hemodialysis (HD). The study included 25 children with CKD on regular HD in our center; the study included also 25 healthy children age-and sex-matched as a control group. Serum Mg levels were measured, and Doppler ultrasound assessment of the intima-media thickness (IMT) and the peak systolic velocities (PSVs) of the main arteries including the (aorta, carotid, and femoral) arteries were recorded in the study patients. There were significantly lower serum Mg levels in children on regular HD tha...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zaher MM, Abdel-Salam M, Abdel-Salam R, Sabour R, Morsy AA, Gamal D Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Blood pressure measurement in hemodialysis: The importance of the measurement technique.
es RM Abstract Systemic arterial hypertension contributes to the high cardiovascular morbidity in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but the accuracy of blood pressure (BP) measurement in this population has not been well studied. To evaluate the agreement between BP measurement using the routine measurement technique (usual method) and the technique recommended by the VII Joint (standard method). This cross-sectional study enrolled 124 patients in a single center who had undergone dialysis for more than three months and were 18 years of age or older. The BP was verified at the start of dialysis by the nursing team (usua...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kubrusly M, de Oliveira CM, Silva RP, Pinheiro MA, Rocha MB, Magalhães RM Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Influence of nutritional education on hemodialysis patients' knowledge and quality of life.
Abstract To determine the effects of educational instructions on hemodialysis patients' knowledge and quality of life (QOL), we studied 99 patients randomly assigned to control and experimental groups after participation in a pretest exam. The two groups were not significantly different in terms of demographic composition. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire regarding patients' knowledge and the standard questionnaire to assess QOL for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Then, intervention (nutritional education) was conducted in the experimental group lasting for 12 weeks. After 16 weeks, a...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ebrahimi H, Sadeghi M, Amanpour F, Dadgari A Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Effect of Vitamin B 12 supplementation on serum homocysteine in patients undergoing hemodialysis: A randomized controlled trial.
Abstract Clinical studies have shown that hyper-homocysteinemia is a potent independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and many different methods have been investigated for lowering it in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Our study investigated the effect of Vitamin B 12 supplementation on serum homocysteine levels in these patients. This randomized trial was conducted on 140 HD patients. They were randomly distributed by lottery method into two groups: intervention and control. In the intervention group, 100 μg/mL of Vitamin B 12 was intravenously injected two times a week, for eight weeks. No intervention...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tayebi A, Biniaz V, Savari S, Ebadi A, Shermeh MS, Einollahi B, Rahimi A Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

The relationship between total mass and blood supply of parathyroid glands and their secretion of parathyroid hormone in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Abstract Characteristics of parathyroid glands usually determined by ultrasonography such as its total weight or volume might be a good indicator for the induction or suppression of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion from these glands. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between the volume and blood supply grade of the parathyroid glands, and its PTH secretion. Study subjects included 52 consecutive patients with the secondary hyperparathyroidism undergoing maintenance hemodialysis therapy referred to dialysis wards of the Imam Khomeini and Amiralam University Hospitals in Tehran. Serum intact ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ahmadi F, Aghajanzadeh P, Yazdi HR, Maziar S, Gatmiri SM Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

A comparison of the quality of life of the patients undergoing hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis and its correlation to the quality of dialysis.
In this study, we have compared the quality of life of the patients undergoing either HD or PD. This cross-sectional study was performed in the dialysis center of the Noor and Saint Ali Asghar University Hospital in Isfahan, Iran in 2012. Forty-six patients who underwent PD (28 males and 18 females) and 46 similar patients undergoing HD (26 males and 20 females) were compared. A standardized Persian version of the short form-36 (SF-36) tool was used to assess the quality of life and to assess the quality of dialysis weekly Kt/V in patients undergoing PD and single random Kt/V sampling in HD patients were assessed. Patients...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Atapour A, Nasr S, Boroujeni AM, Taheri D, Dolatkhah S Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

A modified peritoneal dialysis catheter with a new technique: Farewell to catheter migration.
Abstract To evaluate the efficacy our new, three-cuff peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter, with the low-entry technique and to study its impact on catheter survival and mechanical and infectious complications, we prospectively used it in 36 incident PD patients and compared the results with those of conventional double-cuff PD Tenckhoff catheters with the classic approach used in 37 patients. The study was carried out at our university hospital over a period of 18 months. At the end of the study, significantly higher survival rate was observed with the use of new catheter compared with the conventional two-cuff Tenc...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Al-Hwiesh AK Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Multinational observational study on clinical practices and therapeutic management of mineral and bone disorders in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 4, 5, and 5D: The OCEANOS study.
Abstract Our aim is to assess the current clinical practices in monitoring and treatment patterns of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-mineral bone disorder and the degree to which these practices met the kidney disease improving global outcome (KDIGO) guidelines. This was an international, multi-center, cross-sectional, observational study in adult patients diagnosed with CKD Stages 4, 5, and 5D. Patients were enrolled from Middle East, South Asia, Eurasia, and Africa; patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m 2 or with any medical/surgical conditions precluding their participation were e...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shaheen FA, Kurpad R, Al-Sayyari AA, Souqiyyeh MZ, Aljubori H, El Baz T, Kashif W, Tuganbekova S, Kabulbayev K, Jarraya F, Nafar M Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Prognostic significance of C1q deposition in serial biopsies for predicating the long-term outcome in patients with proliferative lupus nephritis.
Abstract Lupus nephritis (LN) is characterized by a highly variable clinical course. It has been reported that histopathologic lesions are risk factors for the progression of LN. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship among the co-deposition of C1q, clinicopathological features, and renal outcomes in patients with LN. The clinical and histological parameters were studied in patients with International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society Class III or IV LN, who underwent two kidney biopsies. The patients were divided into two groups based on the glomerular C1q deposits: C1q-positive and ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alsuwaida A, Husain S, Al Ghonaim M, Aloudah N, Ullah A, Kfoury H Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Utility of saliva as a sample to assess renal function and estimated glomerular filtration rate.
Abstract Diagnosis of renal diseases by assessing renal parameters in saliva. Biochemical investigations using serum form important component of monitoring patients with renal disease. Utility of saliva, in diagnosis and monitoring of patients with renal disease and for calculation of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), was studied. Sixty patients with renal disease and sixty ageand sex-matched healthy controls were studied. Urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, uric acid, calcium, and phosphorus were measured in both serum and saliva. eGFR was calculated using salivary creatinine. Data were expressed as m...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - March 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yajamanam N, Vinapamula KS, Sivakumar V, Bitla AR, Rao PV Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research