Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) for use in Brazilian Portuguese: questionnaire validity study.
CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the FINDRISC has adequate psychometric properties that are in accordance with the best international recommendations. PMID: 32556059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - June 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Conceição ALO, Corrêa NC, Ferreira PR, Rêgo AS, Silva FB, Carvalho STRF, Dias RDS, Paz BKB, Rocha VCC, Bassi-Dibai D Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Quality of life and psychometric evaluation of patients diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome: an observational cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Our study showed that IBS had a very high impact on these patients, regarding their anxiety and depression levels, alongside very poor results relating to quality of life. PMID: 32556060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - June 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yildiz A, Kizil E, Yildiz A Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Social media during a pandemic: bridge or burden?
PMID: 32520109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - June 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Shiozawa P, Uchida RR Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Alcohol use and risk of vehicle accidents: cross-sectional study in the city of S ão Paulo, Brazil.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that binge drinking was associated with RVA. PMID: 32491088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - June 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Oliveira JB, Kerr-Corrêa F, Lopes ÍC, Vitti Junior W, Nunes HRC, Lima MCP Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of mental disorders among elderly men: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
os LR Abstract BACKGROUND: Elderly men have been characterized as a group vulnerable to suicide, motivated by loneliness, loss of loved ones and feelings of uselessness to family members. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the prevalence of different mental disorders among elderly men who attempted suicide. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of observational studies developed as a result of a partnership between two postgraduate schools (Lagarto and Uberlândia). METHODS: An electronic search was performed in eight electronic databases, including "grey literature", in January 2019. Observati...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - June 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ribeiro GCA, Vieira WA, Herval ÁM, Rodrigues RPCB, Agostini BA, Flores-Mir C, Repeke CEP, Paranhos LR Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Impact of physical activity during weekdays and weekends on fat mass among adults: 12-month cohort study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) practices seem to differ between weekdays and weekends and these pattern changes can affect body fat differently. However, previous studies did not assess the mediation effect of weekday and weekend PA on maintenance of body fat using sophisticated statistical models. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mediation effect of PA during weekdays and weekends on maintenance of fat mass over a 12-month follow-up. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal cohort study (12 months) conducted at a public university in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. METHODS: A sample of 225 adults (117 f...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - May 11, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mantovani AM, Werneck AO, Agostinete RR, Lima MCS, Codogno JS, Turi-Lynch BC, Fernandes RA Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Muscle depletion in cirrhotic patients assessed using computed tomography: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia presents high prevalence among patients with chronic liver disease, without any association with predictors of severity. PMID: 32321002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - April 22, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Romagna ES, Appel-da-Silva MC, Suwa E, Maeda FK, Mattos AA, Tovo CV Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Economic crises, behavioral changes and hospitalization due to affective disorders in Brazil between 2003 and 2017: a nationwide cross-sectional study.
Abstract Our aim was to analyze hospitalization due to affective disorders in Brazil from 2003 to 2017 and the possible association with economic indicators during crises. We used data on hospitalizations due to affective disorders within the Brazilian National Health System, obtained from DATASUS; data on health-related behavior (television-viewing and physical activity) from the VIGITEL database; and economic data from the World Bank database. We found that the numbers of hospitalizations increased one year after the 2009 crisis and one year after the 2016 crisis. Negative changes in health-related behavior also...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - April 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Werneck AO, Fernandes RA, Silva DR Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Dyspnea is associated with poor physical performance among community-dwelling older adults: a population-based cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Higher dyspnea score was independently associated with poor physical performance among community-dwelling older adults. PMID: 32294715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - April 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Silva CFR, Pegorari MS, Matos AP, Ohara DG Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

The brief psychotherapeutic intervention "relaxation, mental images and spirituality": a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: It was found that RIME has a construct history based on rigorous scientific methodology, covering quality of life and spiritual, emotional and subjective wellbeing. RIME has not been used internationally and new studies within this field, with different cases, should be encouraged. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO ID 164211. PMID: 32267295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - April 3, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Manzini CSS, Damasceno VAM, Elias ACA, Orlandi FS Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Immunohistochemical assessment of symptomatic postmenopausal endometrial polyps in tamoxifen users and nonusers: a case control study.
CONCLUSIONS: The immunohistochemical analysis on endometrial polyps demonstrated that, although tamoxifen is considered to be a risk factor for endometrial polyps, there were no significant differences in the expression of hormone receptors between users and nonusers of tamoxifen. There were no between-group differences in Ki-67 and Bcl-2 expression, and all patients displayed inhibition of apoptosis by Bcl-2, thus supporting the theory that polyps develop due to inhibition of apoptosis, and not through cell proliferation. PMID: 32215462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - March 23, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Dibi RP, Zettler CG, Vanin CMM, Ribeiro RVP, Oliveira JM, Kremer TG, Borges J, Kato SK Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Correlation of sleep quality with fatigue and disease activity among patients with primary Sj ögren's syndrome: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: The present study provides important information regarding correlations between sleep disorders and disease activity. There is a need for proper control over disease activity and for development of strategies to help patients to sleep better in order to diminish their fatigue. PMID: 32159602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - March 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Dardin LP, Garcia ABA, Gazoni FM, Santos FCD, Mello MT, Trevisani VFM Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Classification of plastic surgery malpractice complaints brought before the S ão Paulo Medical Board that were treated as professional-misconduct cases: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Overall, the number of complaints lodged decreased over the last two years reviewed, although complaints regarding malpractice and poor doctor-patient relationships increased by 10% over the same period. In order to further reduce the number of medical board investigations, the medical establishment needs to carefully review the medical training of students and doctors at every stage of their careers. PMID: 32159603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - March 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mariani PC, Constantino CF, Nunes R Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Association between salt taste sensitivity threshold and blood pressure in healthy individuals: a cross-sectional study.
nti A Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important public health problem. Overweight and high salt intake are risk factors for its development. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between salt taste sensitivity threshold (STST) and blood pressure (BP) in healthy adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in a private institution. METHODS: 104 healthy adults (aged 18-59 years) were evaluated. Sociodemographic, clinical and dietary data were collected. Nutritional status and BP were assessed using body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP) a...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Martinelli J, Conde SR, Araújo AR, Marcadenti A Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Nonfatal diseases and quality of life: perspectives in Brazil.
fo PA PMID: 32130311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Benseñor IM, Lotufo PA Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Leprosy elimination - Still a long way to go.
s JA PMID: 31939491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - January 13, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Avancini J, Trindade MÂB, Sanches JA Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Clone journals: a threat to medical research.
PMID: 31939492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - January 13, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Asim Z, Sorooshian S Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of arterial hypertension in Brazilian adults and its associated factors and activity limitations: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed sociodemographic inequality in the prevalence of hypertension, especially in the population with some degree of limitation associated with hypertension. It showed that improvements in access to primary care services for controlling hypertension at its initial stages are essential in order to avoid comorbidities of greater severity and limitations and losses of quality of life, especially among socially disadvantaged people. PMID: 31691763 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Marques AP, Szwarcwald CL, de Souza-Junior PRB, Malta DC, Montilla DER Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Incidence rates and temporal trends of cervical cancer relating to opportunistic screening in two developed metropolitan regions of Brazil: a population-based cohort study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Brazilian opportunistic screening programs for cervical cancer have limited impact. In the regions of two cities (Campinas and Curitiba) with high human development indices, consistent information from 96-97% of all cervical cancer cases managed within the public healthcare system is available. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rate (IR) and temporal trends in these regions, covering 2001-2012. DESIGN AND SETTING: A population-based cohort study was conducted under the assumption that all cervical cancer cases were managed in cancer referral center hospitals. METHODS: 3,364 r...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Teixeira JC, Maestri CA, Machado HDC, Zeferino LC, Carvalho NS Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Identifying children who are susceptible to dropping out from physical activity and sport: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher dropout rates from active lifestyles during childhood were observed among girls and adolescents with low cardiorespiratory fitness. Parental inactivity and negative perceptions of friendships were also potential risk factors for discontinuation of childhood physical activity and sports. PMID: 31691765 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Silva DRPD, Werneck AO, Collings P, Fernandes RA, Ronque ERV, Sardinha LB, Cyrino ES Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Mammary adenectomy followed by immediate reconstruction for treatment of patients with early-infiltrating breast carcinoma: a cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Mammary adenectomy is a safe and efficacious procedure for selected patients with early-infiltrating breast carcinoma and results in a high rate of patient satisfaction with the reconstructed breasts. PMID: 31691766 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Barros ACSD, Carvalho HA, Andrade FEM, Nimir CDCBA, Sampaio MMC, Makdissi FB, Mano MS Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Procalcitonin levels among patients with fever secondary to severe intracerebral infection. A cross-sectional study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Making the differential diagnosis between central fever and infectious fever is critically important among intracerebral hemorrhage patients followed up in intensive care units (ICUs). Serum procalcitonin (PCT) has been found to be a promising biomarker for the initial diagnosis of infection, even before culturing results. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between PCT and both fever etiologies and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels among critically ill patients with suspected intracerebral hemorrhage. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a public university hospital in...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kara SS, Akbulut A, Tartar AS, Akbulut HH, Demirdağ K, Beştaş A Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Projection of new thresholds for hypertension to outpatient clinic patients and impact of risk factors: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The factors associated with the definition of hypertension may vary through changing the threshold values. PMID: 31691768 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Aydogan U, Doganer YC, Ebiloglu A, Gok DE, Cirpan E, Saglam K Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Use of oral isotretinoin to treat acne in the public system: a hospital-based retrospective cohort.
CONCLUSION: Sequelae of acne at the onset of treatment reveal delayed indication of isotretinoin, which can have negative psychosocial impacts on quality of life. Isotretinoin should be indicated early to prevent this. Its use is supported by its lack of laboratory alterations and controllable adverse events. PMID: 31691769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Evaristo LSBF, Bagatin E Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Potential drug interactions in drug therapy prescribed for older adults at hospital discharge: cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: The frequency of potential drug interactions in drug therapy prescribed at discharge for these older adults was high. Polypharmacy, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism and chronic kidney disease were positively associated with occurrences of drug interactions, while hospitalization in geriatric units showed an inverse association. PMID: 31691770 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Dias BM, Santos FSD, Reis AMM Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Relationship between seasons and pregnancy rates during intrauterine insemination. A historical cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the spring group had the highest pregnancy rate, the rates of successful IUI did not differ significantly between the seasonal groups. PMID: 31691771 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Pekcan MK, Sarıkaya E, Tokmak A, İnal HA, Yılmaz N Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Effects of curcumin on cardiovascular risk factors in obese and overweight adolescent girls: a randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Prescription of curcumin supplementation along with use of a slight weight loss diet might have beneficial effects on some cardiovascular risk factors among overweight and obese female adolescents. Larger clinical trials with higher curcumin doses and longer duration are needed to confirm the results from the current study. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: IRCT20171107037302N1. PMID: 31691723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - November 4, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Saraf-Bank S, Ahmadi A, Paknahad Z, Maracy M, Nourian M Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Beyond the burden of cardiovascular and cancer mortality among adults: mental health as a cause of death.
PMID: 31691762 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - October 31, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lotufo PA Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Detection of potentially pathogenic bacteria on cell phones of hospital and university-based populations in Curitiba, southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Potentially pathogenic bacteria were prevalent on the cell phones of this hospital and university population. Use of phone cases made of cloth-like material should be discouraged, especially in hospital settings. PMID: 31553361 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - September 23, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jansen AS, Balbinot GC, Daur AV, Silva ACFD, Nogueira KS, Fernandes T, Marconi C Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance and a diminishing pool of reserved antibiotics.
PMID: 31553362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - September 23, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Altaf IUK, Khan A, Mahboob A Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

What would be a trigger tool with better performance for detecting drug-induced hyperkalemia?
PMID: 31531593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Varallo FR, Lucchetta RC, Forgerini M, Mastroianni PC Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

The effect of bispectral index monitoring on cognitive performance following sedation for outpatient colonoscopy: a randomized controlled trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring can positively affect cognitive performance through decreasing the use of sedative agents. We aimed to evaluate the effect of BIS monitoring on early cognitive performance among patients undergoing sedation for colonoscopy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized, controlled trial in a university hospital. METHODS: 100 patients were randomized into two groups. In the monitored group (n = 50), the depth of anesthesia was monitored using the BIS, and BIS scores were maintained between 60 and 80. In the usual care group (n = 50), BIS monitoring was not performed...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - September 9, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sargin M, Uluer MS, Şimşek B Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Two innovative Brazilian programs relating to road safety prevention. A case study.
CONCLUSION: Both programs are innovative public policies that deal with health issues caused by the external agents that ultimately account for the rapid increase in days lost to disability. Prevention of external causes of deaths and injuries, such as traffic violence, strongly correlates with changes in habits and actions, especially excessive consumption of alcohol, and with NCDs in Brazil. PMID: 31508671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - September 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Carneiro LP, Battistella LR Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Trends in cardiovascular diseases and heart disease death rates among adults aged 45-64: Brazil, 2000-2017.
PMID: 31483009 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lotufo PA Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease: a cross-sectional analysis on the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).
CONCLUSION: The use of medication for secondary prevention of CHD was lower than what is recommended in standardized guidelines, especially among women and lower-income participants. PMID: 31483010 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Birck MG, Goulart AC, Lotufo PA, Benseñor IM Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Methylation status of the PPP1R13L promoter region among lung cancer patients and healthy controls. Analytical cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Our study on a Chinese population suggests that lung cancer patients have aberrant methylation status (hypomethylation tended to be more frequent) in peripheral blood leukocytes at several CpG sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region and that exposure to smoking may influence methylation status. PMID: 31483011 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yin J, Ma Y, Vogel U, Wang C, Zhang Y, Wang H Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the International Trauma Questionnaire for use in Brazilian Portuguese.
CONCLUSION: ITQ in its Brazilian Portuguese version achieved satisfactory content validity, thus providing a tool for Brazilian research based on PTSD models of the ICD-11. PMID: 31483012 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Donat JC, Lobo NDS, Jacobsen GDS, Guimarães ER, Kristensen CH, Berger W, Mendlowicz MV, Lima EP, Vasconcelos AG, Nascimento E Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

What do Cochrane systematic reviews say about ultrasound-guided vascular access?
CONCLUSION: Evidence of low to moderate quality showed that ultrasound-guided vascular access seems to reduce the total rate of perioperative and postoperative complications/adverse effects, number of punctures, time needed to achieve success and rate of failure to perform venous catheterization in adults and arterial punctures in children. There is a lack of information regarding ultrasound-guided arterial puncture in adults. Further studies are still imperative for reaching solid conclusions, especially regarding arterial ultrasound-guided access. PMID: 31483013 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Attie GA, Flumignan CDQ, Silva MAM, Barros EM, Daolio RM, Guedes Neto HJ, Baptista-Silva JCC, Amorim JE, Nakano LCU, Flumignan RLG Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Thyroid function among women with gestational trophoblastic diseases. A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: In hydatidiform mole patients, thyroid disease severity increases with age, parity, beta-HCG level and mole size. However, prospective multicenter studies on this topic are needed, with larger numbers of patients and closer monitoring. PMID: 31411244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Düğeroğlu H, Özgenoğlu M Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

The Brazilian version of the Bournemouth questionnaire for low back pain: translation and cultural adaptation.
CONCLUSION: The Bournemouth questionnaire was translated and culturally adapted to the Portuguese language, to be used among individuals with low back pain. PMID: 31411245 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - August 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kamonseki DH, Fonseca CL, Calixtre LB Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Experimentation with tobacco during adolescence as a factor influencing treatment of smoking in adulthood. A retrospective cohort.
This study aimed, within the context of a treatment-seeking group of subjects, to test the hypothesis that ETA negatively affects the outcome of smoking cessation during adulthood. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective (historic) cohort study conducted at a psychosocial care center in São Paulo, Brazil, between 2007 and 2010. METHODS: Data on sociodemographics, smoking and medical profiles were obtained through self-report questionnaires that were completed at the baseline and at any follow-up appointment. Logistic regression models were constructed to describe factors associated with the outcome of smoking ce...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chaim CH, Siu ER, Carvalho CFC, Frallonardo FP, Ismael F, Andrade AG, Ventriglio A, Torales J, Bhugra D, Castaldelli-Maia JM Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Preoperative vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy: retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Deficient preoperative vitamin D levels were a significant risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia. Preoperative oral supplementation should be considered, to minimize this risk. PMID: 31340251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Carvalho GB, Giraldo LR, Lira RB, Macambira IBM, Tapia MA, Kohler HF, Novoa JA, Kowalski LP Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Health professionals' perception of patient safety culture in a university hospital in S ão Paulo: A cross-sectional study applying the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture.
CONCLUSIONS: The patient safety culture presented weaknesses and most of professionals had not reported any event in the previous year. A policy for improvement and cyclical assessment is needed to ensure safe care. PMID: 31340252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Okuyama JHH, Galvão TF, Crozatti MTL, Silva MT Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

The CHA2DS2-VASc score for predicting atrial fibrillation in patients presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction: prospective observational study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of supraventricular arrhythmia following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The CHA2DS2-VASc and CHADS2 scores are used to estimate thromboembolic risk in cases of AF. Their usefulness in predicting the development of AF in patients presenting STEMI is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in patients with AF following STEMI. DESIGN AND SETTING: This prospective cohort study on 696 patients with STEMI was conducted at a tertiary-level cardiology clinic in a public university...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Aksoy F, Baş HA, Bağcı A, Oskay T Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Cardiovascular and cancer mortality in Brazil from 1990 to 2017.
PMID: 31314870 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lotufo PA Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Risk factors and relationship between screening periodicity and risk of cervical cancer among nurses and midwives. A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: There is a need to assess motivational barriers that might lead to low levels of Pap smear screening among nurses and midwives who are role models for women regarding cervical cancer prevention. PMID: 31314871 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yörük S, Açıkgöz A, Türkmen H, Ergör G Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Cardiovascular risk assessment using the lipid accumulation product index among primary healthcare users: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: These significant correlations between the LAP index and the traditional biochemical risk markers may be useful within conventional clinical practice, for cardiovascular risk screening in primary healthcare. PMID: 31314872 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Vieira JN, Braz MAD, Gomes FO, Silva PRD, Santos OTM, Rocha IMGD, Sousa IM, Fayh APT Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

A novel simplified scoring system for predicting mortality in emergency colorectal surgery: prediction model development.
, Tez M Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite advances in surgical approaches, emergency colorectal surgery has high mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to create a simple and distinctive scoring system, for predicting mortality among patients undergoing emergency colorectal surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prediction model development study based on retrospective data-gathering. METHODS: Patients who underwent emergency colorectal surgery between March 2014 and December 2016 at a single tertiary-level referral center were included in our study. Patient demographics, comorbidities, type of surgery, etio...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Er S, Sevim Y, Özden S, Tikici D, Yıldız BD, Yüksel BC, Turan UF, Tez M Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Depression and anxiety among patients undergoing dialysis and kidney transplantation: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety symptoms occurred more frequently among patients undergoing dialysis. Quality of life, comorbidities and loss of vascular access were associated factors. PMID: 31314874 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal)
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Brito DCS, Machado EL, Reis IA, Carmo LPFD, Cherchiglia ML Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research

Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Norwich Patellar Instability score for use in Brazilian Portuguese.
This study had the aims of translating and culturally adapting the NPI score for use in Brazilian Portuguese and subsequently assessing its validity for this population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation study conducted at the State Public Servants' Institute of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Sixty patients of both sexes (aged 16-40 years) with diagnoses of patellar dislocation were recruited. The translation and cultural adaptation were undertaken through translation into Brazilian Portuguese and back-translation to English by an independent translator. Face validity w...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - July 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Arrebola LS, Campos TVO, Smith T, Pereira AL, Pinfildi CE Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research