Principi di farmacodinamica e farmacocinetica nello switch tra antipsicotici: focus su cariprazina.
Authors: Fagiolini A, Bolognesi S, Goracci A, Beccarini Crescenzi B, Cuomo A Abstract Cariprazina {RGH-188; trans-N- [4- [2- [4- (2,3-diclorofenil) piperazin-1-il] etil] cicloesil] -N_, N_-dimetilurea cloridrato} è un antipsicotico atipico di nuova generazione, con un originale profilo farmacodinamico e farmacocinetico. Cariprazina ha due metaboliti attivi, uno dei quali ha un'emivita di 1-3 settimane, che è la più lunga di qualsiasi antipsicotico atipico, con emivita effettiva funzionale totale (cariprazina più due metaboliti) di 7 giorni. Il farmaco mostra un'affinità che &egrav...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Esperienze di switch a cariprazina in pazienti schizofrenici con comparsa di effetti collaterali/comorbilit à mediche.
In conclusione, il modello di trattamento personalizzato sulla base delle condizioni cliniche e delle esigenze del paziente rappresenta l'approccio maggiormente adeguato nella gestione di ogni singolo caso. PMID: 32310933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Esperienze di switch a cariprazina in pazienti affetti da schizofrenia con risposta parziale.
Authors: Mencacci C, Cerveri G, Palazzo C, Gesi C, Salvi V Abstract Tra gli antipsicotici cosiddetti "di terza generazione", dotati di agonismo parziale sui recettori D 2 , cariprazina è in particolare contraddistinta da agonismo parziale D 3 /D 2 con affinità particolarmente elevata per i recettori D 3 , oltre che da un'azione di antagonismo 5HT2B e 5TH2A e agonismo parziale 5TH1A. L'insieme di queste attività recettoriali conferisce a cariprazina un profilo di azione sia sui sintomi positivi sia su quelli negativi, offrendo nuove opportunità di trattamento per disturbi dello ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Esperienze di switch a cariprazina in pazienti affetti da schizofrenia con ricorrenze.
Authors: Vita A, Ceraso A, Valsecchi P Abstract Nel trattamento a lungo termine dei pazienti affetti da schizofrenia, il problema delle ricadute di malattia è di fondamentale rilevanza clinica e tuttora dibattuto. Una possibile strategia di intervento, in caso di riacutizzazione, è quella dello switch da un farmaco antipsicotico a un altro. Sarebbe utile, in questo senso, avere a disposizione molecole in grado di garantire uno stato di remissione clinica persistente nel tempo. Fra queste è possibile senz'altro considerare cariprazina, un farmaco di recente introduzione, dotato di un profilo d'a...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Psychiatry and bioethics: a critical relationship, an incentive to reflect].
Authors: Bersani G, Rinaldi R, Iannitelli A Abstract In the western world, especially in Italy, also legal attention to bioethical aspects is increasingly taking on importance in the debate at the medical, political and public level. In this debate, Psychiatry, as a scientific discipline closely integrated with the human and cultural, is underrepresented, little questioned on the many psychopathologal issues closely related to ethical aspects on complex themes. Against this background, Rivista di psichiatria, always keen to these topics, is designed to be a very special space for discussion with all the experts inv...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Efficacy of third wave cognitive therapies in the treatment of psychosis: a meta-review].
CONCLUSIONS: Among metacognitive therapies, metacognitive training has shown promising results on positive symptoms and in particular on the psychopathology of delusions. Mindfulness- and acceptance-based therapies have shown mild to moderate effects on general and positive symptoms as well as some effects on negative symptoms, depressive symptoms, hospitalization rates and length. However, further research is needed to confirm overall the encouraging results of both metacognitive training and mindfulness- and acceptance-based therapies as the small number of randomized controlled trials and the low methodological quality ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Origins and evaluation of youth narcissism].
Authors: Muratori P, Milone A, Buonanno C, Ianni S, Inguaggiato E, Levantini V, Pisano S, Valente E, Masi G Abstract Recently, studies have focused on narcissism as a personality trait, which can be detected during childhood, and can lead to negative outcomes, such as emotional and behavioral problems. After illustrating the main hypotheses on the development of narcissistic traits in children, this paper aims to outline the relation between narcissism, self-esteem and emotional, and behavioral problems in children. Finally, are presented measures for the assessment of narcissistic traits in children and adolescent...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders awareness in health professionals: implications for psychiatry.
In conclusion, data show that only specific and continuing updating for health care professionals about drinking habits may have impactful actions to prevent gestational alcohol intake in order to prevent the main cause of mental retardation in western countries. PMID: 32202545 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Investigation of the relationships between eating attitudes, body image and depression among Turkish university students.
CONCLUSION: This study has contributed to the literature on the relationships between eating attitudes, body image and depression among Turkish university students between the ages of 18 and 25. It has further drawn attention to the importance of eating disorders in Turkey and being aware of the relationships among eating attitudes, body image, depression, and BMI. Results of the study are discussed in detail and in consideration of cultural context. PMID: 32202546 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Subjective Scale to Investigate Cognition in Schizophrenia (SSTICS): a validation study in Italian population.
CONCLUSIONS: The Italian version of the SSTICS showed good psychometric properties and is suitable to measure the patients' subjective perception of cognitive impairment. Subjective evaluation can integrate objective measures of cognitive performances, supporting a multidimensional model of functional impairment in schizophrenia. PMID: 32202547 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Psychiatric and psychological support for an adolescent woman with chromosome 22 deletion syndrome and intellectual disability: a good outcome].
CONCLUSIONS: There was no transition to psychosis in the follow-up; OCD and trichotillomania persists, probably related to neurodevelopmental alterations, that are difficult to be modified. In 22q11.2DS patients, standard non-pharmacological treatment strategies (CBT) are difficult to apply, but in the present case the combination of pharmacological and psychoeducational psychological treatment was effective, both for the reduction of symptoms and for the acceptance of ID by patient and family. PMID: 32202548 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Forgotten Baby Syndrome: dimensions of the phenomenon and new research perspectives].
Authors: Anselmi N, Montaldo S, Pomilla A, Maraone A Abstract Forgotten Baby Syndrome (FBS) defines the phenomenon of forgetting a child in a parked vehicle. FBS is in constant growth with significant repercussions for the parent, the family and society. Scientific research on the topic is very limited. Literature referring to FBS focuses mostly on the clinical conditions that cause the death of the children involved. However, the circumstances in which such episodes occur are very rarely analyzed. One of the major limit of research in this field is related to the sources of information, which are limited to media ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide for patients with depression: thought-provoking remarks.
Authors: Montanari G, Gulino M, Bersani G, Rinaldi R Abstract Euthanasia and medical assistance in dying entail daunting ethical and moral challenges, in addition to a host of medical and clinical issues, which are further complicated in cases of patients whose decision-making skills have been negatively affected or even impaired by psychiatric disorders. The authors closely focus on clinical depression and relevant European laws that have over the years set firm standards in such a complex field. Pertaining to the mental health realm specifically, patients are required to undergo a mental competence assessment in ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Italian Law no. 219/2017: consequences on the informed consent of the psychiatric patient and on the therapeutic privilege.
Authors: Cioffi A, Zaami S Abstract 1Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome. PMID: 32202551 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[The Italian contribution to studies on the biological rhythms implicated in psychiatric disorders].
Authors: Iannitelli A, Biondi M Abstract This editorial summarizes the main studies, carried out in the last 10 years, by various Italian research groups, on the alterations of circadian rhythms in psychiatric disorders. The results of these researches, as well as those obtained in various international contexts, encourage to teach in the medical schools for psychiatry, about the new chronoterapeutic interventions and the implementation of combined therapies for increasingly personalized psychiatric therapies. PMID: 32051619 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Nerve growth factor in the psychiatric brain.
Authors: Ciafrè S, Ferraguti G, Tirassa P, Iannitelli A, Ralli M, Greco A, Chaldakov GN, Rosso P, Fico E, Messina MP, Carito V, Tarani L, Ceccanti M, Fiore M Abstract The nerve growth factor (NGF) belongs to a family of proteins named neurotrophins, consisting of NGF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), NT-4/5 and NT-6. NGF regulates a large number of physiological mechanisms that result in neurotrophic, metabotrophic and/or immunotrophic effects. Neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer disease, psychiatric disorders (e.g. depression and schizophrenia) and brain parasitic...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Restraints and seclusion in psychiatry: striking a balance between protection and coercion. Critical overview of international regulations and rulings.
Authors: Zaami S, Rinaldi R, Bersani G, Marinelli E Abstract Restraint and seclusion (R&S) measures in psychiatric settings are applied worldwide, despite poor scientific evidence to back up their effectiveness. The medical, ethical and medico-legal implications of coercive interventions are broad-ranging and multifaceted. The review aims to shed a light on the most relevant and meaningful standards that have been laid out by international treaties, supranational institutions (United Nations, Council of Europe, World Health Organization), scientific institutions (American Medical Association, Australian Departm...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

The relationship between alexithymia, defense mechanisms, eating disorders, anxiety and depression.
This study showed that alexithymia was positively related to anxiety, depression, general psychological maladjustment, eating disorder risk, maladaptive style defense mechanisms, image-distorting style defense mechanisms, self-sacrificing style defense mechanisms, whereas it was negatively related to Mature Style Defense Mechanisms. Implications of the findings are discussed. PMID: 32051622 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Integrated neurocognitive therapy in chronic schizophrenic inpatients: preliminary data and considerations.
Authors: Cerino S, Murolo R, Bersani G Abstract BACKGROUND: The present paper aims at studying the efficacy of the Integrated Neurocognitive Therapy (INT), according to Roder's model, in a group of chronic schizophrenics in a long term residential condition. This kind of treatment is particularly interesting because, according to the most recent studies concerning schizophrenia as a neurodevelopmental disorder, allows to act on the neuro- and socio- cognitions areas, which are the most deteriorated ones. Moreover the INT program includes also computer aided activities (Cog PacK), which largely proved their efficacy...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Early interpersonal violence mediates the effect of family history of mental disorder on suicide attempts in a non-clinical sample.
CONCLUSIONS: The familial load on adult suicidal behavior is partially mediated by exposure to violence in childhood, suggesting that the presence of a relative affected by any psychiatric condition may contribute to exposure to violence in childhood, which eventually enhances the risk of suicide in adulthood. PMID: 32051624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Dimensional treatment of aggression, impulsivity, and activation: a study on psychiatric inpatients].
CONCLUSIONS: Although methodological limitations dictate caution in interpreting our results, these preliminary findings suggest that a "dimensional pharmacotherapy" strategy (i.e., selecting drugs based on neurobiological action rather than categorical diagnosis) for the treatment of aggression, impulsivity and activation is commonly used in daily practice and may lead to greater clinical improvement, in the absence of severe adverse effects. PMID: 32051625 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Night Eating Syndrome, circadian rhythms and seasonality: a study in a population of Italian university students.
Authors: Riccobono G, Iannitelli A, Pompili A, Iorio C, Stratta P, Rossi R, Bersani G, Pacitti F Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to assess the prevalence of Night Eating Syndrome (NES) in a university student population and to clear up the relationship between NES, depression and chronotype. The relation between NES and seasonality was also investigated. METHODS: The data were collected from a sample of 1136 students of the L'Aquila University, Italy. All subjects were invited to answer to the Sociodemographic Information Form and to take a self-report battery composed by four questionnaires: the...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Clozapine related Ogilvie syndrome with fatal outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: Clozapine-related gastrointestinal hypomotility (CRGH) is not a trivial symptom. It can cause Ogilvie syndrome, which can be fatal due to complications. In the current clozapine prescription content, information on CRGH is insufficient. Higher levels of suspicion, lower diagnostic thresholds in the case of mental and psychiatric patients may prevent delays in diagnosis and treatment and result in lower mortality. PMID: 32051627 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

10 anni dopo il terremoto dell'Aquila: dal trauma individuale a quello collettivo. Memorie e mnemotecnologie.
Authors: Rossi A, Stratta P Abstract Il trauma collettivo conseguente a un disastro naturale si configura come una crisi di significato. Numerosi studi supportano la trasmissione transgenerazionale di esperienze traumatiche, come pure di modelli protettivi di resilienza. I numerosi eventi culturali e scientifici che si sono tenuti in occasione del decimo anniversario del sisma che ha colpito L'Aquila nel 2009 potrebbero essere visti nella prospettiva delle mnemotecnologie. In tale contesto, l'esteriorizzazione della memoria "traumatica" attraverso le nuove tecnologiche può liberare da emozioni nega...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

The relationship between Vitamin D and depressive disorders.
Authors: Bersani FS, Ghezzi F, Maraone A, Vicinanza R, Cavaggioni G, Biondi M, Pasquini M Abstract Studies have suggested a relationship between low circulating levels of Vitamin D and depression. Vitamin D deficiency may be a consequence of depression-related factors, such as reduced sun exposure, decreased outdoor activity, and dietary changes, but it can also play a role in the pathophysiology of depressive conditions through a range of molecular mechanisms. In the present manuscript, findings related to prospective longitudinal studies on the relationship between Vitamin D levels and depressive symptoms and to ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Paliperidone palmitate in short- and long-term treatment of schizophrenia.
Authors: Valsecchi P, Barlati S, Garozzo A, Deste G, Nibbio G, Turrina C, Sacchetti E, Vita A Abstract Poor adherence to treatment remains a major problem in the management of patients with schizophrenia. In the 60s, first generation antipsychotics in depot formulation have been introduced on the market with the aim to improve adherence to therapy. However, the limited effectiveness on negative symptoms and the tendency to induce extrapyramidal side effects has limited their use. Currently there are five second-generation antipsychotic long-acting formulations and the use of these drugs has definitely changed persp...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Paranoia, depression and lack of insight in schizophrenia: a suggestion for a mediation effect.
CONCLUSIONS: Persecution and depression could be not only predicted by insight but this prediction could also be mediated by the same variables. In both clinical models found in this study, insight does have a relevant role because the awareness about symptom/illness is crucial to the symptoms change. However, having good insight into schizophrenia can also be paradoxically associated with negative subjective states related to depression (the so-called "insight paradox"). PMID: 31909751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Characterization of young people with first episode psychosis or at ultra-high risk: the Reggio Emilia At-Risk Mental States (ReARMS) program.
CONCLUSIONS: EIP on young subjects at UHR of psychosis (together with FEP patients) in Italian public mental health services is clinically relevant, feasible, and recommended, also in adolescence, where there is a specific high risk of falling through the child-adult service gap. PMID: 31909752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Relationship among psychological capital, coping style and anxiety of Chinese college students.
The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between psychological capitals, coping style and anxiety response of Chinese college students, and provide ideas for the effective coping with the pressure situation. METHODS: 287 undergraduates were investigated by the psychological capital questionnaire, the proposed coping style questionnaire and the self-rating anxiety scale. RESULTS: The differences in scores of psychological capital (p
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

La morte in carcere conseguente all'inalazione di gas: la responsabilit à dello psichiatra.
La morte in carcere conseguente all'inalazione di gas: la responsabilità dello psichiatra. Riv Psichiatr. 2019 Nov-Dec;54(6):269-271 Authors: Gioia S, Suadoni F, Carlini L, Lancia M Abstract In ambito penitenziario il suicidio e l'autolesionismo rappresentano quasi una caratteristica strutturale, rendendo la prevenzione un obiettivo primario. L'Amministrazione penitenziaria ha emanato in materia di prevenzione del suicidio un ampio spettro di provvedimenti. Il presente studio prende in esame la misura attualmente vigente in alcuni istituti di valutare i detenuti autorizzati all'utilizzo dello st...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy in the treatment of psychosis: a meta-review].
CONCLUSION: CBT is an effective therapy compared to treatment as usual, for positive, negative and general symptoms of psychosis (with a particularly large number of studies in favour of positive symptoms), with effects of medium-small size. On the other hand, there is no clear and convincing advantage for CBT over other psychological and psychosocial therapies for symptoms, relapses, social functioning and quality of life in people with psychosis even if today the quality of the trials available is mostly of low or very low quality and further research is needed to reach reliable conclusions. Further and more rigorous res...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - October 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Gambling disorder and imputability: from the nosographic revision to an expanded forensic assessment].
Authors: Anselmi N, Montaldo S, Pomilla A Abstract The gambling disorder (GD in the DSM-5) is an example of how the evolution of research has contributed to the nosographic review of complex psychopathological conditions, such as behavioral addictions, likewise other personality pathologies. Recently, the scientific and doctrinal debate has also affected the controversial issue of imputability, to assess in what terms this diagnostic picture can acquire the value of "infirmity" such as to undermine the ability to understand and the will of a subject under evaluation. However, it is always necessary to tra...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - October 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Experience of group art therapy with music improvisation in the integrated treatment at a psychiatric Day Hospital: preliminary results].
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest a significant role of the improvisational music therapy in gaining a re-socializing effect within a therapeutic group. The effectiveness turns out to be greater if the improvisation is combined with a listening therapy, aimed at educating the patient to a greater openness to the expressive aspect of sound. The active-passive music therapy association could then bring a valuable contribution as an add-on rehabilitative treatment. PMID: 31657804 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - October 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

The clinical utility of three visual attention tests to distinguish adults with ADHD from normal controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Adults with ADHD have a longer response time and perform less accurately than controls. Thus, these data suggest that there is a use for objective visual attention tests in the diagnosis of adult ADHD. PMID: 31657805 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - October 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Delirium: a reappraisal of clinical characteristics and treatment perspectives after the transition from the DSM-IV to the DSM-5].
Authors: Abelli M, Pini S, Martinelli R, Forfori F Abstract The aim of this commentary is to discuss some clinical characteristics and treatment perspectives of delirium in the light of transition from the DSM-IV to the DSM-5. Such a transient dysfunction of cerebral metabolism, essentially reversible, presents an acute or subacute onset, and manifests itself clinically through a wide range of neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Delirium is a predictor of cognitive decline and is associated with a greater mortality. First line treatment of delirium is represented by haloperidol though atypical antipsychotics effectiven...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - October 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Clinical guidance for the use of trazodone in major depressive disorder and concomitant conditions: pharmacology and clinical practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Trazodone is efficacious antidepressants with a relatively low risks of side effects such as weight gain, sexual or anticholinergic effects (such as constipation, urinary retention, dry mouth). In addition to being able to control a wide range of depressive symptoms, trazodone may improve sleep and be particularly helpful for patients whose symptoms of depression include insomnia. PMID: 31379379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Terapia cognitivo-comportamentale per giovani ad alto rischio di un primo episodio di psicosi: un trial randomizzato controllato.
Conclusioni. Anche nel contesto italiano, la TCC sembra efficace e promettente nel prevenire un primo episodio psicotico in giovani con stato mentale a rischio. PMID: 31379380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Survivorship in young women after early breast cancer: a cross-sectional study of emotional traits along 3-years perspective.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased survival rate after breast cancer diagnosis is strongly linked to the management of emotional weakness of BC women because of modified living. Patients need to be supported to regain their life after clinical treatments though tailored psychological treatment along survivorship, not only in primary treatment. PMID: 31379381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

The subthreshold autistic traits in patients with adult-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder: a comparative study with adolescent patients.
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that subthreshold autistic traits may play a significant role in the occurence of obsessive-complusive symptoms (OCS) in adult-onset OCD. Autistic traits seemed to be higher and had an closer relationship with the frequency of lifetime obsessions in AO-OCD patients than in adolescent patients. PMID: 31379382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Emozioni, comportamenti e relazioni: uno studio caso-controllo sul self-cutting in adolescenza.
Conclusioni. Il self-cutting correla con un'ampia varietà di quadri psichiatrici, senza presentare legami specifici con una particolare categoria psicopatologica. Gli elementi di alessitimia, impulsività e difficoltà relazionali degli adolescenti self-cutter dicono di come la programmazione di interventi di prevenzione primaria e secondaria dovrebbero mirare alla psico-educazione all'affettività, all'autocontrollo e ai social skill. Nello specifico, i nostri dati suggeriscono che la focalizzazione dell'intervento, in termini di lavoro sull'emotività piuttosto che sulla socializzazione, do...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Intimate partner violence (IPV) and associated factors: an overview of epidemiological and qualitative evidence in literature].
CONCLUSIONS: In the light of the importance of violence between partners, the health and academic institutions have the task of framing the phenomenon in epidemiological and clinical terms, providing updated research data to the stakeholders, in order to improve the treatment and prevention practices. PMID: 31282489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[The Italian ICD-11 field trial: inter-rater reliability in the use of diagnostic guidelines for schizophrenia and related disorders].
Authors: Luciano M, Sampogna G, Del Vecchio V, Giallonardo V, Fico G, Pocai B, Palummo C, Steardo L, Rebello TJ, Reed GM, Fiorillo A Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) is about to publish the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Disorders (ICD-11). A pre-final version has been disseminated in 2018, in order to allow the 194 member States to provide suggestions for amendments and to prepare shared strategies for the implementation of the diagnostic system. Furthermore, the Ecological Implementation Field Studies (EIFS) have been conducted in various countries, with the ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

The relationship between Night Eating Syndrome, depression and chronotype in a non-clinical adolescent population.
Authors: Riccobono G, Pompili A, Iannitelli A, Pacitti F Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of Night Eating Syndrome (NES) in a population of non-clinical adolescents and to investigate the relationship between NES, depression and eveningness dimension. METHODS: The data were collected from a sample of 301 subjects, 181 females and 120 males, aged between 15 and 19 (mean value 17.64, SD=1.3). All subjects were invited to answer demographic questions and to take a self-report battery composed by three questionnaires: the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ), the Morningness E...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

[Effects of Group Psychoeducation on stress reactivity neuroendocrine profile in stabilized bipolar patients. A controlled study].
DISCUSSION: Data collected in this study may indicate that the efficacy of the psychoeducation programs for bipolar patients may activate an improvement of the functional activation of the HPA axis, and so obtaining a reduction of their stress vulnerability. PMID: 31282492 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Prevalence of Food Addiction and Binge Eating in an Italian sample of bariatric surgery candidates and overweight/obese patients seeking low-energy-diet therapy.
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that both FA and clinical level of binge eating are common problems in both overweight/obese patients seeking low-energy-diet therapy and in obese bariatric surgery candidates, justifying the clinical utility of assessing these dysfunctional eating patterns. PMID: 31282493 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Actuality and originality in the scientific thought of Enrico Morselli (1852-1929).
Authors: Ciliberti R, Iorio S, Tosi A, Larentis O, Licata M Abstract Enrico Morselli, a student of Carlo Livi, offered an original contribution to psychiatry of his time through a plurality of interests and in-depth medical, biological, neurological, anthropological and sociological knowledge. From his writings, the relevance of his theoretical reflection under different aspects emerged: epistemological, methodological and psychopathological and of humanization of the treatment of the mentally ill. PMID: 31282494 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Paliperidone extended-release in the short- and long-term treatment of schizophrenia.
Authors: Valsecchi P, Garozzo A, Nibbio G, Barlati S, Deste G, Turrina C, Sacchetti E, Vita A Abstract Paliperidone is a second-generation antipsychotic drug belonging to the class of benzisoxasole derivatives. Paliperidone is the major active metabolite of risperidone (9-OH-risperidone) and, as such, is comparable to the latter in terms of pharmacodynamic properties. However, due to its peculiar characteristics, paliperidone may be particularly useful in the treatment of schizophrenic patients. In this critical review of the literature the efficacy and tolerability in the short- and in the long-term have been eval...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Mild Behavioral Impairment: presentation of the diagnostic criteria and the Italian version of the MBI-Checklist.
This article describes the creation of the MBI-C scale and presents its Italian version. PMID: 30985830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rivista di Psichiatria)
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Personality traits in a sample of Italian filicide mothers.
Authors: Giacchetti N, Roma P, Pancheri C, Williams R, Meuti V, Aceti F Abstract Several studies focused on mothers' psychopathological and environmental risk factors linked to filicide, to understand the genesis of this violent act. Considering the transition to motherhood a critical period for any woman, requiring the activation of deep personality resources, the aim of this study was to detect, in a sample of 16 filicide women hospitalized in Italian Forensic Psychiatric Hospitals, the recurrent characteristics with a specific focus on personality traits. Women were assessed using Structured Clinical Interview f...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

The central role of psychopathology and its association with disease severity in inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome.
Authors: Piacentino D, Cesarini M, Badiali D, Pallotta N, Biondi M, Corazziari ES Abstract BACKGROUND: Biopsychosocial models for both organic and functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders can be found in the literature. To clarify the role of psychopathological factors and their relationship with GI symptom severity, several studies have examined them in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - occasionally distinguishing between ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) - and in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), leading to unclear results. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the psychopathological features of IBD and ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research