Quantitative Assessment of the Health Risk for Livestock When Animal Viruses Are Applied in Human Oncolytic Therapy: A Case Study for Seneca Valley Virus
AbstractSome viruses cause tumor regression and can be used to treat cancer patients; these viruses are called oncolytic viruses. To assess whether oncolytic viruses from animal origin excreted by patients pose a health risk for livestock, a quantitative risk assessment (QRA) was performed to estimate the risk for the Dutch pig industry after environmental release of Seneca Valley virus (SVV). The QRA assumed SVV excretion in stool by one cancer patient on Day 1 in the Netherlands, discharge of SVV with treated wastewater into the river Meuse, downstream intake of river water for drinking water production, and consumption ...
Source: Risk Analysis - November 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jack Schijven, Sabrina Brizee, Peter Teunis, Clazien Vos, Phaedra Ebl é, Saskia Rutjes Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Review of Risk Matrices Used in Acute Hospitals in England
This study exami nes risk matrices as used in acute hospitals in England and the guidance provided for their use. It investigates the applicability of criticisms of risk matrices from outside healthcare through a document analysis of the risk assessment policies, procedures, and strategies used in English hospitals. The findings reveal that there is a large variety of risk matrices used, where the design of some might increase the chance of risk misprioritization. Additionally, findings show that hospitals may provide insufficient guidance on how to use risk matrices as well as what to do in response to the ex isting criti...
Source: Risk Analysis - November 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gulsum Kubra Kaya, James Ward, John Clarkson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Assessment of the Health Risk for Livestock When Animal Viruses Are Applied in Human Oncolytic Therapy: A Case Study for Seneca Valley Virus
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - November 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jack Schijven, Sabrina Brizee, Peter Teunis, Clazien Vos, Phaedra Ebl é, Saskia Rutjes Source Type: research

A Review of Risk Matrices Used in Acute Hospitals in England
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - November 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gulsum Kubra Kaya, James Ward, John Clarkson Source Type: research

Expert Views on Their Role as Policy Advisor: Pilot Study for the Cases of Electromagnetic Fields, Particulate Matter, and Antimicrobial Resistance
In conclusion, the theoretical ideal–typical roles from the literature can be identified to a certain extent. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pita Spruijt, Anne B. Knol, Arthur C. Petersen, Erik Lebret Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

Expert Views on Their Role as Policy Advisor: Pilot Study for the Cases of Electromagnetic Fields, Particulate Matter, and Antimicrobial Resistance
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pita Spruijt, Anne B. Knol, Arthur C. Petersen, Erik Lebret Source Type: research

Sequential Hazards Resilience of Interdependent Infrastructure System: A Case Study of Greater Toronto Area Energy Infrastructure System
AbstractCoupled infrastructure systems and complicated multihazards result in a high level of complexity and make it difficult to assess and improve the infrastructure system resilience. With a case study of the Greater Toronto Area energy system (including electric, gas, and oil transmission networks), an approach to analysis of multihazard resilience of an interdependent infrastructure system is presented in the article. Integrating network theory, spatial and numerical analysis methods, the new approach deals with the complicated multihazard relations and complex infrastructure interdependencies as spatiotemporal impact...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jingjing Kong, Slobodan P. Simonovic, Chao Zhang Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Sequential Hazards Resilience of Interdependent Infrastructure System: A Case Study of Greater Toronto Area Energy Infrastructure System
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jingjing Kong, Slobodan P. Simonovic, Chao Zhang Source Type: research

Theoretical Matters: On the Need for Hazard and Disaster Theory Developed Through Interdisciplinary Research and Collaboration
AbstractHazard and disaster research requires a willingness to step outside of traditional disciplinary ontological and epistemological assumptions to both accommodate and integrate different perspectives. Moreover, the complex qualities of hazards and disasters necessitate interdisciplinary approaches to inform theory development that encompasses environmental, human, and infrastructure systems at multiple scales and units of analysis. Unfortunately, truly integrative hazard and disaster theory at a scale broad enough to account for the many systems and processes involved is currently limited. In this article, we argue th...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kathleen Sherman ‐Morris, J. Brian Houston, Jishnu Subedi Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

Quantal Risk Assessment Database: A Database for Exploring Patterns in Quantal Dose ‐Response Data in Risk Assessment and its Application to Develop Priors for Bayesian Dose‐Response Analysis
We describe construction of such a historical database focusing on quantal data in chemical risk assessment, and we employ this database to develop priors in Bayesian analyses. The database is assembled from a variety of existing toxicological data sources and contains 733 separate quantal dose‐response data sets. As an illustration of the database's use, prior distributions for individual model parameters in Bayesian dose‐response analysis are constructed. Results indicate that including prior information based on curated historical data in quantitative risk assessments may help stabilize eventual point estimates, pro...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Matthew W. Wheeler, Walter W. Piegorsch, Albert John Bailer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Semiautonomous Vehicle Risk Analysis: A Telematics ‐Based Anomaly Detection Approach
This article investigates the risk structure of SAVs and employs a telematics ‐based anomaly detection model to assess split risk profiles. An unsupervised multivariate Gaussian (MVG) based anomaly detection method is used to identify abnormal driving patterns based on accelerometer and GPS sensors of manually driven vehicles. Parameters are inferred for vehicles equipped w ith semiautonomous capabilities and the resulting split risk profile is determined. The MVG approach allows for the quantification of vehicle risks by the relative frequency and severity of observed anomalies and a location‐based risk analysis is pe...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cian Ryan, Finbarr Murphy, Martin Mullins Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Theoretical Matters: On the Need for Hazard and Disaster Theory Developed Through Interdisciplinary Research and Collaboration
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kathleen Sherman ‐Morris, J. Brian Houston, Jishnu Subedi Source Type: research

Semiautonomous Vehicle Risk Analysis: A Telematics ‐Based Anomaly Detection Approach
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cian Ryan, Finbarr Murphy, Martin Mullins Source Type: research

Quantal Risk Assessment Database: A Database for Exploring Patterns in Quantal Dose ‐Response Data in Risk Assessment and its Application to Develop Priors for Bayesian Dose‐Response Analysis
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Matthew W. Wheeler, Walter W. Piegorsch, Albert John Bailer Source Type: research

Spatial Risk Analysis of Power Systems Resilience During Extreme Events
This article proposes an online spatial risk analysis capable of providing an indication of the evolving risk of power systems regions subject to extreme events. A Severity Risk Index (SRI) with the support of real ‐time monitoring assesses the impact of the extreme events on the power system resilience, with application to the effect of windstorms on transmission networks. The index considers the spatial and temporal evolution of the extreme event, system operating conditions, and the degraded system perfor mance during the event.SRI is based on probabilistic risk by condensing the probability and impact of possible fai...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dimitris N. Trakas, Mathaios Panteli, Nikos D. Hatziargyriou, Pierluigi Mancarella Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Spatial Risk Analysis of Power Systems Resilience During Extreme Events
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dimitris N. Trakas, Mathaios Panteli, Nikos D. Hatziargyriou, Pierluigi Mancarella Source Type: research

An Agent ‐Based Model for Pathogen Persistence and Cross‐Contamination Dynamics in a Food Facility
AbstractWe used an agent ‐based modeling (ABM) framework and developed a mathematical model to explain the complex dynamics of microbial persistence and spread within a food facility and to aid risk managers in identifying effective mitigation options. The model explicitly considered personal hygiene practices by food han dlers as well as their activities and simulated a spatially explicit dynamic system representing complex interaction patterns among food handlers, facility environment, and foods. To demonstrate the utility of the model in a decision‐making context, we created a hypothetical case study and used it to ...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Amir Mokhtari, Jane M. Doren Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

An Agent ‐Based Model for Pathogen Persistence and Cross‐Contamination Dynamics in a Food Facility
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Amir Mokhtari, Jane M. Doren Source Type: research

Efficacy, Action, and Support for Reducing Climate Change Risks
AbstractA growing body of research demonstrates that believing action to reduce the risks of climate change is both possible (self ‐efficacy) and effective (response efficacy) is essential to motivate and sustain risk mitigation efforts. Despite this potentially critical role of efficacy beliefs, measures and their use vary wildly in climate change risk perception and communication research, making it hard to compare and lear n from efficacy studies. To address this problem and advance our understanding of efficacy beliefs, this article makes three contributions. First, we present a theoretically motivated approach to me...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ann Bostrom, Adam L. Hayes, Katherine M. Crosman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Decision ‐Making Analytics Using Plural Resilience Parameters for Adaptive Management of Complex Systems
AbstractIt is critical for complex systems to effectively recover, adapt, and reorganize after system disruptions. Common approaches for evaluating system resilience typically study single measures of performance at one time, such as with a single resilience curve. However, multiple measures of performance are needed for complex systems that involve many components, functions, and noncommensurate valuations of performance. Hence, this article presents a framework for: (1) modeling resilience for complex systems with competing measures of performance, and (2) modeling decision making for investing in these systems using mul...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shital A. Thekdi, Joost Santos Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Security of Separated Data in Cloud Systems with Competing Attack Detection and Data Theft Processes
This article models and analyzes the attack success probability (complement of data security) in cloud systems subject to competing attack detection process (by EWAs) and data theft process (by co‐residence attackers). Based on the suggested probabilistic model, the optimal data partition and protection policy is determined with the objective of minimizing the user's cost subject to providing a desired level of data security. Examples are presented to illustrate effects of different model parameters (attack rate, number of cloud servers, number of data blocks, attack detection time, and data theft time distribution param...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gregory Levitin, Liudong Xing, Hong ‐Zhong Huang Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Improved Methods for Estimating Flood Depth Exceedances Within Storm Surge Protection Systems
This article id entifies and discusses differences in estimated flood depths and damage produced by each method within multiple Louisiana protection systems. The novel coupled dynamics approach represents a step toward enabling risk‐based design standards. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David R. Johnson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Decision ‐Making Analytics Using Plural Resilience Parameters for Adaptive Management of Complex Systems
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shital A. Thekdi, Joost Santos Source Type: research

Security of Separated Data in Cloud Systems with Competing Attack Detection and Data Theft Processes
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gregory Levitin, Liudong Xing, Hong ‐Zhong Huang Source Type: research

Improved Methods for Estimating Flood Depth Exceedances Within Storm Surge Protection Systems
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David R. Johnson Source Type: research

Efficacy, Action, and Support for Reducing Climate Change Risks
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ann Bostrom, Adam L. Hayes, Katherine M. Crosman Source Type: research

A Sharing Meanings Approach for Interdisciplinary Hazards Research
This article draws on key insights from studies of the interdisciplinary process and proposes the “sharing meanings approach” for improving interdisciplinary collaboration in hazards research. The sharing meanings approach addresses common challenges to interdisciplinary teamwork and organizes them into four focal areas: (1) worldviews (including ontological, epistemological, and philosophic al perspectives), (2) language, (3) research design, and (4) project goals. The approach emphasizes theprocess of sharing rather than seeking to develop a single set of shared meanings related to the four focal areas. The a...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: R. Dean Hardy Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

A Sharing Meanings Approach for Interdisciplinary Hazards Research
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: R. Dean Hardy Source Type: research

Modeling Undetected Live Poliovirus Circulation After Apparent Interruption of Transmission: Pakistan and Afghanistan
AbstractSince most poliovirus infections occur with no paralytic symptoms, the possibility of silent circulation complicates the confirmation of the end of poliovirus transmission. Based on empirical field experience and theoretical modeling results, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative identified three years without observing paralytic cases from wild polioviruses with good acute flaccid paralysis surveillance as an indication of sufficient confidence that poliovirus circulation stopped. The complexities of real populations and the imperfect nature of real surveillance systems subsequently demonstrated the importance o...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dominika A. Kalkowska, Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens, Mark A. Pallansch, Kimberly M. Thompson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Mapping Socioeconomic Exposure for Flood Risk Assessment in Italy
AbstractDetailed spatial representation of socioeconomic exposure and the related vulnerability to natural hazards has the potential to improve the quality and reliability of risk assessment outputs. We apply a spatially weighted dasymetric approach based on multiple ancillary data to downscale important socioeconomic variables and produce a grid data set for Italy that contains multilayered information about physical exposure, population, gross domestic product, and social vulnerability. We test the performances of our dasymetric approach compared to other spatial interpolation methods. Next, we combine the grid data set ...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mattia Amadio, Jaroslav Mysiak, Sepehr Marzi Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Modeling Undetected Live Poliovirus Circulation After Apparent Interruption of Transmission: Pakistan and Afghanistan
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dominika A. Kalkowska, Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens, Mark A. Pallansch, Kimberly M. Thompson Source Type: research

Mapping Socioeconomic Exposure for Flood Risk Assessment in Italy
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mattia Amadio, Jaroslav Mysiak, Sepehr Marzi Source Type: research

Understanding Cumulative Risk Perception from Judgments and Choices: An Application to Flood Risks
AbstractCatastrophic events, such as floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, and tsunamis, are rare, yet the cumulative risk of each event occurring at least once over an extended time period can be substantial. In this work, we assess the perception of cumulative flood risks, how those perceptions affect the choice of insurance, and whether perceptions and choices are influenced by cumulative risk information. We find that participants' cumulative risk judgments are well represented by a bimodal distribution, with a group that severely underestimates the risk and a group that moderately overestimates it. Individuals who underest...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Crist óbal De La Maza, Alex Davis, Cleotilde Gonzalez, Inês Azevedo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Media Disaster Reporting Effects on Public  Risk Perception and Response to Escalating Tornado Warnings: A Natural Experiment
AbstractPrevious research has evaluated public risk perception and response to a natural hazards in various settings; however, most of these studies were conducted either with a single scenario or after a natural disaster struck. To better understand the dynamic relationships among affect, risk perception, and behavioral intentions related to natural disasters, the current study implements a simulation scenario with escalating weather intensity, and includes a natural experiment allowing comparison of public response before and after a severe tornado event with extensive coverage by the national media. The current study al...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mengtian Zhao, Heather Rosoff, Richard S. John Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Media Disaster Reporting Effects on Public  Risk Perception and Response to Escalating Tornado Warnings: A Natural Experiment
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mengtian Zhao, Heather Rosoff, Richard S. John Source Type: research

Understanding Cumulative Risk Perception from Judgments and Choices: An Application to Flood Risks
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Crist óbal De La Maza, Alex Davis, Cleotilde Gonzalez, Inês Azevedo Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
Risk Analysis,Volume 38, Issue 10, October 2018. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

From the Editors
Risk Analysis,Volume 38, Issue 10, Page 2011-2012, October 2018. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tony Cox, Karen Lowrie Source Type: research

Validation of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment Using Epidemiological Data from Outbreaks of Waterborne Gastrointestinal Disease
The objective of this study was to validate QMRA predictions against epidemiological measurements from outbreaks of waterborne gastrointestinal disease. I screened 2,000 papers and identified 12 outbreaks with the necessary data: disease rates measured using epidemiological methods and pathogen concentrations measured in the source water. Eight of the 12 outbreaks were caused byCryptosporidium, three byGiardia, and one by norovirus. Disease rates varied from 5.5 × 10−6 to 1.1 × 10−2 cases/person ‐day, and reported pathogen concentrations varied from 1.2 × 10−4 to 8.6 × 102 per li...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tucker Burch Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Reaping the Benefits and Avoiding the Risks: Unrealistic Optimism in the Health Domain
AbstractPeople's perceptions of benefits and risks play a key role in their acceptance or rejection of medical interventions, yet these perceptions may be poorly calibrated. This online study withN = 373 adults aged 19 –76 years focused on unrealistic optimism in the health domain. Participants indicated how likely they were to experience benefits and risks associated with medical conditions and completed objective and subjective numeracy scales. Participants exhibited optimistic views about the likelihood of ex periencing the benefits and the side effects of treatment options described in the scenarios. Objective an...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yaniv Hanoch, Jonathan Rolison, Alexandra M. Freund Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Making Sense of Risk —A Sociological Perspective on the Management of Risk
This article describes how risk has been conceptualized in the business and organizational literature through four distinct transformations: from the techno ‐scientific perspective to the cognitive, the social‐cultural, and, finally, to the constructionist perspective. Each domain conceptualizes risk in different ways, as organizations have found it difficult to understand and mitigate using the risk management tools available. Conceptualizing risk as sensemaking becomes relevant due to the complexity of information available to the risk manager, and, coupled with time constraints, this means that risk managers increas...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jacob Taarup ‐Esbensen Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Analyzing Disaster Loss Trends: A Comparison of Normalization Methodologies in South Korea
This study examines the various normalization methods in previous research and applies a selection of eight formulae to 50 years of disaster data in South Korea. The results show both decreasing and increasing trends in disaster damage losses based on the methods, but there are curious biases under the results that may be artifacts of Korea's unique experiences in economic development. The conclusion discusses how the case of Korea may help to clarify the optimal normalization methodology for other countries. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Donghyun Choi, David Oliver Kasdan, D. K. Yoon Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Validation of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment Using Epidemiological Data from Outbreaks of Waterborne Gastrointestinal Disease
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tucker Burch Source Type: research

Making Sense of Risk —A Sociological Perspective on the Management of Risk
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jacob Taarup ‐Esbensen Source Type: research

Analyzing Disaster Loss Trends: A Comparison of Normalization Methodologies in South Korea
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Donghyun Choi, David Oliver Kasdan, D. K. Yoon Source Type: research

Reaping the Benefits and Avoiding the Risks: Unrealistic Optimism in the Health Domain
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yaniv Hanoch, Jonathan Rolison, Alexandra M. Freund Source Type: research

Terrorism Risk Assessment, Recollection Bias, and Public Support for Counterterrorism Policy and Spending
AbstractRecollection bias (RB) refers to the phenomenon whereby after an adverse event people report that their risk assessment about a similar future event is presently no higher than their recollection of their pre ‐event risk assessment. While previous research has outlined this theoretical construct and generated important empirical findings, there were some limitations. We design and employ a new national representative survey to address these limitations in this study. We examine the existence and persis tence of RB among the general public in the context of a number of domestic and international terrorist attacks....
Source: Risk Analysis - October 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Xinsheng Liu, Kent E. Portney, Jeryl L. Mumpower, Arnold Vedlitz Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Developing a Broadly Applicable Measure of Risk Perception
AbstractDecades of research identify risk perception as a largely intuitive and affective construct, in contrast to the more deliberative assessments of probability and consequences that form the foundation of risk assessment. However, a review of the literature reveals that many of the risk perception measures employed in survey research with human subjects are either generic in nature, not capturing any particular affective, probabilistic, or consequential dimension of risk; or focused solely on judgments of probability. The goal of this research was to assess a multidimensional measure of risk perception across multiple...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Robyn S. Wilson, Adam Zwickle, Hugh Walpole Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Cost ‐Effective Sampling and Analysis for Mycotoxins in a Cereal Batch
This study aimed to find the most cost ‐effective sampling and analysis (S&A) plan in the cases of the mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) in a wheat batch and aflatoxins (AFB1) in a maize batch. An optimization model was constructed, maximizing the number of correct decisions for accepting/rejecting a batch of cereals, with a budget as major constraint. The decision variables were the choice of the analytical method: instrumental method (e.g., liquid chromatography combined with mass ‐spectrometry (LC‐MS/MS)), enzyme‐linked‐immuno‐assay (ELISA), or lateral flow devices (LFD), the number of incremental samples ...
Source: Risk Analysis - October 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: M. Focker, H. J. der Fels ‐Klerx, A. G. J. M. Oude Lansink Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Terrorism Risk Assessment, Recollection Bias, and Public Support for Counterterrorism Policy and Spending
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - October 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Xinsheng Liu, Kent E. Portney, Jeryl L. Mumpower, Arnold Vedlitz Source Type: research