---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Variability in Cross ‐Domain Risk Perception among Smallholder Farmers in Mali by Gender and Other Demographic and Attitudinal Characteristics
Abstract Previous research has shown that men and women, on average, have different risk attitudes and may therefore see different value propositions in response to new opportunities. We use data from smallholder farm households in Mali to test whether risk perceptions differ by gender and across domains. We model this potential association across six risks (work injury, extreme weather, community relationships, debt, lack of buyers, and conflict) while controlling for demographic and attitudinal characteristics. Factor analysis highlights extreme weather and conflict as eliciting the most distinct patterns of participant ...
Source: Risk Analysis - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alison C. Cullen, C. Leigh Anderson, Pierre Biscaye, Travis W. Reynolds Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Andrew W. Lo, Review of Adaptive Markets: Financial Evolution at the Speed of Thought, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 2017.
(Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Susan E. Dudley Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

From the Editors
(Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tony Cox, Karen Lowrie Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Issue Information ‐ TOC
(Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Toward an Application Guide for Safety Integrity Level Allocation in Railway Systems
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding Fear of Zika: Personal, Interpersonal, and Media Influences
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding Fear of Zika: Personal, Interpersonal, and Media Influences
Abstract Fear of infectious disease often motivates people to protect themselves. But, it can also produce negative bio‐social‐psychological effects whose severity is on par with those of the disease. The WHO declaration of Zika as a world health crisis presented an opportunity to study factors that bring about fear. Beginning nine days after the WHO announcement, data were gathered from women aged 18–35 living in the southern United States (N = 719). Respondents reported experiencing fear of Zika at levels akin to those reported following other significant crises/disasters (e.g., the terrorist attacks of 9/11). ...
Source: Risk Analysis - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chun Yang, James Price Dillard, Ruobing Li Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis for a Weed Risk Assessment System
Abstract Weed risk assessments (WRA) are used to identify plant invaders before introduction. Unfortunately, very few incorporate uncertainty ratings or evaluate the effects of uncertainty, a fundamental risk component. We developed a probabilistic model to quantitatively evaluate the effects of uncertainty on the outcomes of a question‐based WRA tool for the United States. In our tool, the uncertainty of each response is rated as Negligible, Low, Moderate, or High. We developed the model by specifying the likelihood of a response changing for each uncertainty rating. The simulations determine if responses change, select...
Source: Risk Analysis - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Barney P. Caton, Anthony L. Koop, Larry Fowler, Leslie Newton, Lisa Kohl Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Communicating Zika Risk: Using Metaphor to Increase Perceived Risk Susceptibility
Abstract Effectively communicating the risks associated with emerging zoonotic diseases remains an important challenge. Drawing on research into the psychological effects of metaphoric framing, we explore the conditions under which exposure to the “nation as a body” metaphor influences perceived risk susceptibility, behavioral intentions, and policy support in the context of Zika virus. In a between‐subjects experiment, 354 U.S. adults were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions as part of a 2 (severity message: high vs. low) × 2 (U.S. framing: metaphoric vs. literal) design. Results r...
Source: Risk Analysis - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hang Lu, Jonathon P. Schuldt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Risk Assessment and Risk Governance of Liquefied Natural Gas Development in Gladstone, Australia
This article is a retrospective analysis of liquefied natural gas development (LNG) in Gladstone, Australia by using the structure of the risk governance framework developed by the International Risk Governance Council (IRGC). Since 2010 the port of Gladstone has undergone extensive expansion to facilitate the increasing coal export as well as the new development of three recently completed LNG facilities. Significant environmental and socio‐economic impacts and concerns have occurred as a result of these developments. The overall aim of the article, therefore, is to identify the risk governance deficits that arose and t...
Source: Risk Analysis - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: R. G. der Vegt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Resilience Analysis of a Remote Offshore Oil and Gas Facility for a Potential Hydrocarbon Release
This study attempts to relate the resilience capacity of a system to the system's absorptive, adaptive, and restorative capacities. These factors influence predisaster and postdisaster strategies that can be mapped to enhance the resilience of the system. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Adnan Sarwar, Faisal Khan, Majeed Abimbola, Lesley James Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

On the Relationship between Safety and Decision Significance
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mitigating Litigating: An Examination of Psychosocial Impacts of Compensation Processes Associated with the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mitigating Litigating: An Examination of Psychosocial Impacts of Compensation Processes Associated with the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Abstract During the past four decades, a number of social science scholars have conceptualized technological disasters as a social problem. More specifically, research in this arena has identified individual and collective stress as a secondary trauma of processes intended to provide compensation and economic relief from disasters in general and, more specifically, technological disasters. Based on data from a 2013 household telephone survey of 1,216 residents of coastal Alabama, this article examines the relationship between psychosocial stress and compensation processes related to the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill....
Source: Risk Analysis - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Liesel A. Ritchie, Duane A. Gill, Michael A. Long Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Risk Analysis of Transportation Networks Affected by Rainfall ‐Induced Multihazards
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Lognormal Approximations of Fault Tree Uncertainty Distributions
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Lognormal Approximations of Fault Tree Uncertainty Distributions
Abstract Fault trees are used in reliability modeling to create logical models of fault combinations that can lead to undesirable events. The output of a fault tree analysis (the top event probability) is expressed in terms of the failure probabilities of basic events that are input to the model. Typically, the basic event probabilities are not known exactly, but are modeled as probability distributions: therefore, the top event probability is also represented as an uncertainty distribution. Monte Carlo methods are generally used for evaluating the uncertainty distribution, but such calculations are computationally intensi...
Source: Risk Analysis - January 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ashraf Ben El ‐Shanawany, Keith H. Ardron, Simon P. Walker Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The Ethical Foundations of Risk Analysis
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Human Agency in Disaster Planning: A Systems Approach
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Induced Earthquakes from Long ‐Term Gas Extraction in Groningen, the Netherlands: Statistical Analysis and Prognosis for Acceptable‐Risk Regulation
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Assessment of Salmonellosis from Consumption of Alfalfa Sprouts and Evaluation of the Public Health Impact of Sprout Seed Treatment and Spent Irrigation Water Testing
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Security Investment in Contagious Networks
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dynamic Economic Resilience and Economic Recovery from Disasters: A Quantitative Assessment
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dynamic Economic Resilience and Economic Recovery from Disasters: A Quantitative Assessment
This article analyzes the role of dynamic economic resilience in relation to recovery from disasters in general and illustrates its potential to reduce disaster losses in a case study of the Wenchuan earthquake of 2008. We first offer operational definitions of the concept linked to policies to promote increased levels and speed of investment in repair and reconstruction to implement this resilience. We then develop a dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that incorporates major features of investment and traces the time‐path of the economy as it recovers with and without dynamic economic resilience. The res...
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wei Xie, Adam Rose, Shantong Li, Jianwu He, Ning Li, Tariq Ali Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Security Investment in Contagious Networks
This article takes an innovative look at the problem of security investment of nodes on their vulnerable links in a given contagious network as a game‐theoretic model that can be applied to a variety of applications including information systems. In the proposed game model, each node computes its corresponding risk based on the value of its assets, vulnerabilities, and threats to determine the optimum level of security investments on its external links respecting its limited budget. Furthermore, direct and indirect nonlinear influences of a node's security investment on the risks of other nodes are considered. The existe...
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Seyed Alireza Hasheminasab, Behrouz Tork Ladani Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Human Agency in Disaster Planning: A Systems Approach
We present a procedure for identifying the potential threats and risks emerging from the roles and activity of those HAs, using the 2014 flooding in southwestern England and the Thames Valley as a contemporary example. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: John Hamer Powell, Michael Hammond, Albert Chen, Navonil Mustafee Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Induced Earthquakes from Long ‐Term Gas Extraction in Groningen, the Netherlands: Statistical Analysis and Prognosis for Acceptable‐Risk Regulation
Abstract Recently, growing earthquake activity in the northeastern Netherlands has aroused considerable concern among the 600,000 provincial inhabitants. There, at 3 km deep, the rich Groningen gas field extends over 900 km2 and still contains about 600 of the original 2,800 billion cubic meters (bcm). Particularly after 2001, earthquakes have increased in number, magnitude (M, on the logarithmic Richter scale), and damage to numerous buildings. The man‐made nature of extraction‐induced earthquakes challenges static notions of risk, complicates formal risk assessment, and questions familiar conceptions of acceptable ri...
Source: Risk Analysis - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Charles Vlek Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Mathematical Model for Pathogen Cross ‐Contamination Dynamics during the Postharvest Processing of Leafy Greens
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Frequency of Risk ‐Related News Media Messages in 2016 Coverage of Zika Virus
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Two Approaches to Defining Extinction Risk under the U.S. Endangered Species Act
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systems ‐Based Risk Assessment Framework for Intentional Electromagnetic Interference (IEMI) on Critical Infrastructures
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Modeling Poliovirus Transmission in Pakistan and Afghanistan to Inform Vaccination Strategies in Undervaccinated Subpopulations
Risk Analysis, EarlyView. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

---
Risk Analysis, Ahead of Print. (Source: Risk Analysis)
Source: Risk Analysis - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research