Factors associated with the consumption of fruits and vegetables by schoolchildren: a comparative analysis between 2007 and 2012
ABSTRACT Objective Perform comparative analysis of adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables and their associated factors in schoolchildren. Methods Probabilistic samples representative of students of both sexes, 7 to 14 years old, from public and private schools in Florian ópolis, SC were investigated in cross-sectional studies in 2007 (n=2,836) and 2012 (n=2,506). The exposure variables were: sex, age, family income per capita, mother ’ s education and school system. The outcome variable (fruit and vegetable consumption) was collected using the third validated version of the previous day ’ s food q...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Changes in diet quality 6 and 12 months post-intervention: the Healthy Habits, Healthy Girls: a Brazilian study
ABSTRACT Objective To determine the sustainability of food quality in an obesity-prevention strategy for adolescent girls. Methods The study is a randomized controlled trial with 253 girls (Mean=15.61, 95% Confidence Interval 15.51-15.72) enrolled in 10 vocational schools in S ão Paulo. The diet intake was determined using a “ Food Frequency Questionnaire ” and analyzed according to the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised adequacy, moderation, and overall scores. The adolescents ’ dietary intake was compared to the baseline 6 months and 12 months post-intervention. Descriptive statistics and ana...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Promotion of physical activities and healthy eating habits in Primary Care: maintenance of benefits
Conclusion The Vida Ativa Melhor ando a Saúde Program, in the applied format, was not able to promote lasting beneficial effects on physical activities and nutritional status. The Program is being restructured regarding the extension of the intervention time and its didactic material.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a manuten ção dos efeitos benéficos do programa Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde seis meses após a sua finalização. Métodos Foi conduzido um ensaio comunitário controlado e randomizado em dois polos do programa Academia da Saúde, identificados ale...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Use of nutritional food labels and consumers’ confidence in label information
ABSTRACT Objective This investigation evaluated the use of food labels and consumers ’ perception of the reliability of food labels nutritional information. Methods This is a transversal exploratory quantitative investigation, carried out in Curitiba, Brazil. A total of 536 students from a public institution participated in the survey answering a structured questionnaire. Descriptive analyses, Chi-Square test and Fisher ’ s exact test were performed considering a significance level of 5%. Results The participants ’ mean age was 21.11 ±2.83 years, and 59.3% were female. It was noticed that 41.6% of ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dissatisfaction with body image and associated factors in adult women
Conclusion The results revealed that almost half of the adult women surveyed in this study reported dissatisfaction with their body image. This outcome indicates the need for interventions and program implementation related to body image dissatisfaction among women.RESUMO Objetivo Esta pesquisa buscou associar imagem corporal com perfil sociodemogr áfico, estilo de vida, antropometria e condições de saúde em mulheres adultas. Métodos Um estudo de prevalência foi conduzido em uma amostra probabilística por conglomerados (n=35 Escolas da Educação Básica de ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Educational nutritional intervention program improved the quality of diet of women with breast cancer in adjuvant treatment
ABSTRACT Objective To assess the outcome of an educational nutritional intervention in the quality of diet of women with breast cancer in adjuvant treatment. Methods Women with breast cancer and admitted for surgical treatment were divided in an intervention group (n=18) and a comparison group (n=78), and participated in a nonrandomized clinical trial. Participants were assessed before and after the treatment and/or intervention. A food frequency questionnaire was applied and the quality of diet was calculated using the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index Revised. The educational nutritional intervention lasted 12 months and wa...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Trends in food consumption of schoolchildren from 2nd to 5th grade: a panel data analysis
Conclusion The results suggest positive trends for younger children, with an increased consumpt ion of fruits and vegetables in both sexes and decreased consumption of sweets for boys. Older children reduced their consumption of dairy products over the three-year period of this study.RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo buscou identificar tend ências no consumo alimentar de escolares do 2º ao 5º ano de escolas públicas do município de Florianópolis durante três anos. Métodos Três pesquisas transversais foram conduzidas em 2013 (n=1.942), 2014 (n=1.989) e 2015 (n=2.418). Dados ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Structural equation modeling analysis of Iranian women’s food consumption: influence of socio-demographic characteristics and the Information, Motivation, and Behavioral skills Model
This study aimed at examining whether food consumption varies in accordance with socio-demographic and behavioral factors in the conceptual model, analyzing adult women in Tehran, Iran, for that purpose. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted with 247 women in childbearing age, who were selected through systematic cluster sampling from five regions in Tehran. Dietary assessment was done through a Food Frequency Questionnaire, and the anthropometric indices were measured. Data on socio-economic status and information-motivation-behavioral skills model were obtained through a questionnaire. Then, subjects were stra...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is the handgrip strength a good nutritional assessment method for people living with HIV?
ABSTRACT Objective The study aimed to verify the relationship between handgrip strength measurement and classic anthropometric values in HIV positive outpatients. Methods This was a cross-sectional study that enrolled HIV-positive outpatients treated at the Gaffr ée and Guinle University Hospital, aged between 20 and 60 years and considered to be well-nourished or moderately malnourished, according to the Global Subjective Analysis. The patients ’ bilateral handgrip strength were assessed (Jamar dynamometer), and classic anthropometry variables (weight, height, body mass index, arm muscle area, arm fat area, a...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical fitness and nutritional status in female adolescents with anorexia nervosa
Conclusion The observation of female adolescents with anorexia nervosa showed associations between higher physical fitness levels and better nutritional statuses. Handgrip strength and 20m shu ttle run tests may be options of additional indicators of undernutrition in anorexic female adolescents. The undernourished anorexic patients showed worse physical fitness than the nourished ones. According to normative data for healthy sex- and agematched adolescents, physical fitness is severely i mpaired in anorexic female adolescents.RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar se a aptid ão física est&...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Chromatographic profile and bioactive compounds found in the composition of pupunha oil (Bactris gasipaes Kunth): implications for human health
Conclusion The results indicate that the consumption of isolated lipid content of the pupunha palm oil provides health protection with emphasis on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.RESUMO Objetivo A presen ça de fontes alimentares ricas em compostos bioativos na dieta humana torna-se fator preponderante no combate à etiologia de diversas patologias. Assim, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o perfil de ácidos graxos, índices de funcionalidade cardiovasculares, compostos bioativos e padrão espe ctroscópico do óleo da pupunha vermelha e suas implicaçõe...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional profile of sugar-sweetened beverages destined to the youngsters marketed in Brazil and Portugal
Conclusion The amount of sugar in the beverages represents an important contribution of added sugar, especially in the Brazilian nectars. The identification of this component in sugary beverages is fundamental for the adoption of strategies of food education to control obesity.RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo buscou analisar e comparar o teor de a çúcar presente em bebidas prontas para consumo no Brasil e em Portugal, segundo o modelo de perfil nutricional da Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde. Métodos Selecionaram-se 106 bebidas açucaradas comercializadas nos mercados das cidade...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Phenolic compounds profile, neuroprotective effect and antioxidant potential of a commercial Turkish coffee
Conclusion Besides the extracts ’ enzymatic antioxidant activity, their inhibition potential on cholinesterase and tyrosinase enzymes – which are important clinical enzymes – reveal that this natural source can be used as a valuable resource in different fields, especially in medicine.RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é determinar o conteúdo fenólico e flavonoide, bem como as atividades antioxidantes e os efeitos neuroprotetores de uma amostra de café em pó de uma promissora marca comercial proveniente de Sivas, Turquia. Métodos A partir dos métodos e...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - April 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluation of Chromium and Manganese levels in sports supplements using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry
ABSTRACT Objective In this paper, we studied three different types of ordinary sports supplements containing whey protein: whey protein-based ones, hypercaloric ones, and protein bars. Methods A sample preparation procedure was studied employing microwave-assisted wet digestion in order to determine the Chromium and Manganese levels by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Results The developed methods have presented good accuracy (recoveries in the range of 90% to 109%) and precision (Relative standard deviation
Source: Revista de Nutricao - April 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Changes in nutritional status in adolescents surviving leukemia and lymphoma
Conclusion The anthropometric indicators show an important frequency of excess weight and increased tricipital skinfold, as well as a significant increase of the body mass index for age and also a growth deficit among the survivors.RESUMO Objetivo Verificar as altera ções no estado nutricional em adolescentes de 10-19 anos, observadas após 12 meses, no mínimo, da conclusão de tratamento oncológico de leucemias e linfomas. Métodos Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de delineamento longitudinal realizado no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Foram incluí dos adol...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - April 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Feed restriction since lactation has reduced anxiety in adult Wistar rats
ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effects of macronutrients (protein, carbohydrate and/or lipid) in the diet of young adult (72 days) and adult (182 days) Wistar rats treated ad libitum and with 30% restriction from birth on anxiety in the elevated plus-maze. Methods We used 238 rats treated from birth, composing the groups: Control, Protein, Carbohydrate, Lipid, Carbohydrate and Lipid, Control Restriction, Protein Restriction, Carbohydrate Restriction, Lipid Restriction and Carbohydrate and Lipid Restriction. The animals were weighed at the beginning and at the end of the experiment and tested in the elevated plus-maze. ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - April 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Two variants of the Nutritional Risk in the Critically Ill Score as predictors of mortality in Intensive Care Unit patients at a Brazilian University Hospital
Conclusion Both versions of the Nutritional Risk in the Critically Ill tool show a satisfactory agreement and performance as predictors of mortality in critically ill patients. Further analysis of this variant and the association between nutrition adequacy and mortality is needed.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a concord ância entre a versão modificada do Escore de Risco Nutricional em Pacientes Críticos (sem Interleucina-6) e uma variante composta de Proteína C-Reativa, bem como a capacidade de ambas as versões para predizer mortalidade em pacientes críticos. Métodos Trata-se de um ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - March 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Processed and ultra-processed food consumption are related to metabolic markers in hemodialysis subjects
Conclusion Higher consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods was associated with important biomarkers of metabolic control for hemodialysis subjects, probably due to non-health dietary composition. Nutritional guidelines and intervention strategies must be promoted to reduce consumption of these food-group in thisspecific population.RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o consumo de alimentos processados e ultraprocessados e avaliar sua rela ção com o estado nutricional e metabólico de pacientes em hemodiálise em um único centro brasileiro. Métodos Este é um estudo transversal ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - February 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association between food addiction, disordered eating behaviors and food intake
This study was conducted with 370 undergraduate students to investigate the relationship between food intake, food addiction and disordered eating behavior. Methods The Yale Food Addiction Scale, Eating Attitude Test-26 and Food Frequency Questionnaire were used to assess food addiction, disordered eating behavior and food intake. Results A positive weak correlation was found between the Yale Food Addiction Scale and daily energy, carbohydrate and fat intake (r=0.228, p
Source: Revista de Nutricao - February 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Acrylamide reduces plasma antioxidant vitamin levels in rats due to increased oxidative damage
Conclusion The results show that acrylamide causes an increase in oxidative stress and leads to a decrease in the levels of retinoic acid and α -tocopherol which play a role in the defense mechanism against this stress.RESUMO Objetivo A acrilamida é um químico potencialmente neurotóxico e carcinogênico, sendo naturalmente criada durante o processo de aquecimento de alimentos ricos em carboidratos, como batatas fritas e cereais matinais. Dado que o composto pode ser ingerido através do consumo de alimentos, o presente trabalho teve por ob jetivo investigar o seu efeito, quando adminis...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - January 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between sarcopenic obesity, muscle strength and risk of cardiovascular and cardiometabolic diseases in the elderly: A systematic review
ABSTRACT To describe the findings in the literature about the association between sarcopenic obesity, muscle strength and risk factors and/or cardiometabolic or cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. A research was carried out in the following databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online, Web of Science, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ci ências da Saúde (Latin America and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) and Capes Journals, using the following search terms in English, Spanish and Portuguese: “ obesity sarcopenic ” OR “ sarcopenic obesity ” in the ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - December 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional status of elderly assisted in primary care and their relationship with social determinants of health
Conclusion Among the social determinants of health, the nutritional status of the elderly was associated with marital status, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis and basic sanitation. The social setting of the elderly is associated with their nutritional status.RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a influ ência de determinantes sociais da saúde no estado nutricional de idosos assistidos na atenção básica em uma comunidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal com abordagem analítica. O universo foi composto por 129 idosos usuários de uma...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - December 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relationship between overweight at 6 years of age and socioeconomic conditions at birth, breastfeeding, initial feeding practices and birth weight
Conclusion In this study, breastfeeding showed to be a protective factor for overweight.RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a rela ção entre excesso de peso aos 6 anos de idade e condições socioeconômicas ao nascimento, amamentação, práticas iniciais de alimentação e peso ao nascer. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo transversal, envolvendo 473 escolares de 6 anos de idade de escolas públicas e privadas, residentes em um município do sul do Brasil. Dados sócio-demográficos e referentes à amamentação e outras pr&aa...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - December 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Composition of a maternal high fat diet rich in satured fats and omega 3 in gestation and lactation for studies with rodents
Conclusion The formulated diets with a higher amount of saturated fatty acids meet the nutritional requirements of the gestation and lactation period. The high fat diet with omega 3 was able to attenuate the changes observed in dams and their offspring.RESUMO Objetivo Elaborar uma dieta hiperlip ídica rica em gorduras saturadas e suplementada com ômega 3 para estudos experimentais em roedores. Métodos Foram utilizados ingredientes industriais e purificados na elaboração das dietas, e o óleo de linhaça como fonte de ômega 3 na concentração de 3,5% (v/m). As...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - December 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Thirty-day β-hydroxy-βmethylbutyrate supplementation with a controlled diet does not alter the morphological and morphometric characteristics of the rat diaphragm muscle
ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the β -hydroxy- β methylbutyrate supplementation influence on the morphological and morphometric characteristics of the diaphragm muscle of rats and verify whether there are sex differences. Methods Experimental study with 48 Wistar rats (24 of each sex) divided into 3 groups: Control Group: in which a daily diet with saline solution was offered; Experimental Group: the same amount of food from the Control group consumed in the previous day and 0.3g/kg of β -hydroxy- β methylbutyrate; Ad libitum Experimental Group: ad libitum feeding with the same dose of the supplement. T...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - December 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Malnutrition and cardiovascular risk in haemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease
Conclusion A high prevalence of malnutrition and of other risk factors for cardiovascular disease were observed. Such factors included diabetes Mellitus, smoking and former smoker conditions and were associated with malnutrition. Inaddition, it was found that malnourished individuals were more likely to develop cardiovascular disease within 10 years.RESUMO Objetivo Verificar associa ção entre estado nutricional e fatores de riscos cardiovasculares tradicionais e não tradicionais em pacientes em hemodiálise. Métodos Estudo transversal com 132 pacientes maiores de 18 anos em hemodiál...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - November 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritionists and the comprehensive care of overweight individuals in primary care
Conclusion The different nature of the barriers identifi ed were overlapped, which reveal the need for professional qualifi cation along with the consolidation of an appropriate care model for chronic noncommunicable diseases such as obesity.RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo buscou compreender, a partir da percep ção dos nutricionistas, as diferentes naturezas dos desafiospara o cuidado integral dos indivíduos com excesso de peso na atenção básica. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo com profissionais da atenção básica do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Foram ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - November 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Pelvic, anorectal and urinary symptoms according to the nutritional status of adult women: A cross-sectional study
ABSTRACT To review the occurrence of pelvic, anorectal and urinary symptoms according to the nutritional status of adultwomen. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with 54 women, aged 18 to 35 years, divided into normal weight (
Source: Revista de Nutricao - November 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Agreement between two Meal Quality Indexes adapted to evaluate food consumption of institutionalized elderly
Conclusion The two indexes reviewed show a good agreement between them and common characteristics. The number of components is higher in the MMQI and may represent a more detailed assessment of meal quality.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a concord ância entre dois índices de qualidade da refeição adaptados para idosos, evidenciando suas semelhanças e diferenças. Métodos Estudo de concordância realizado com 322 idosos institucionalizados. Os dados de consumo alimentar foram coletados pelo método de registro alimentar por pesagem, em dois dias não consecutivos. For...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - October 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary assessment of women surviving breast cancer according to the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population
ABSTRACT Objective Review the diet and nutritional status of women surviving breast cancer following the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 women, who underwent anthropometric measurements to determine body mass index, waist circumference and waist/hip ratio. Dietary assessment was performed usinga food frequency questionnaire. Consumption was stratifi ed into four groups: fresh/minimally processed food (Group 1), processed food ingredients (Group 2), processed food (Group 3) and ultra-processed food (Group 4).The ratio of daily contribution of each food ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - October 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome in adolescents and its association with diet quality
ABSTRACT Objective Analyzing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with adolescent diet quality. Methods Cross-sectional research with 327 adolescents from public and private high schools of Teresina, Piau í. Socioeconomic, anthropometric, and food consumption data were analyzed to obtain the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised. Moreover, data related to metabolic syndrome (blood glucose, blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) were also analyz ed. Continuous variables were described by means, standard deviations, and 95% confi dence interva...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - October 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between the habit of reading food labels and health-related factors in elderly individuals of the community
ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the association between the habit of reading food labels and health related factors in elderly individuals who are members of social groups in the city of Governador Valadares, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods This cross-sectional study interviewed 141 individuals, members of elderly social groups. The socioeconomic and health profile was defined based on sex, age, marital status, educational level, disease occurrence, use of medication, physical exercise and self-perception of health. The habit of reading the food labels was assessed through the question: “ Do you read ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - September 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The experience of community urban gardens: Social organization and food security
Conclusion Insufficient policies limited technical support and financing were observed in this segment, although there were contributions to the generation of work opportunities, supply and access to food. The study showed a strong link between community gardens and strategies to promote Food and Nutrition Security.RESUMO Objetivo Caracterizar as hortas urbanas comunit árias de Salvador-Bahia, quanto à organização social, ao trabalho, à oferta e o acesso aos alimentos, em alinhamento ao conceito de Segurança Alimentar. Métodos Realizou-se estudo transversal, explorató...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - September 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The effect of diet and aerobic exercise on Premenstrual Syndrome: Randomized controlled trial
Conclusion It was found that diet and aerobic exercise were effective in reducing the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea intensity in female students with premenstrual syndrome.RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo foi feito para determinar a efetividade do exerc ício aeróbico e dietéticos em alunos mulheres com Síndrome Pré-Menstrual que estudaram na universidade pública. Métodos Este estudo foi conduzido como um ensaio clínico randomizado controlado na universidade pública EM 2018. A população do estudo foi composta por todas as mulheres d...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trial protocol: A quanti-quali approach for analyzing the results of an intervention on the waiting list for bariatric surgery
Conclusion This study protocol describes the methodology used in the study of educational intervention for the promotion of health care of patients on the waiting list for bariatric surgery. It shows that there is similarity between the baseline comparis on groups. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry), RBR-775y3d.RESUMO Objetivo Descrever protocolo de ensaio cl ínico randomizado e resultados de linha de base dos efeitos de intervenção interdisciplinar de um ano, com usuários do sistema público de saúde na fila de espera para cirurgia b...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Brazilian postgraduate programs in Food and Nutrition: Considerations on evaluation procedures
ABSTRACT This essay aims to present some considerations on the development of research and teaching skills, intellectual production, and current situation of stricto sensu postgraduate programs in Food and Nutrition, particularly of professional and academic master ’ s and doctoral programs currently classified in the evaluation category Nutrition by the Coordena ção de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior. The elements of evaluation procedures are discussed, as are the scores given to the programs in the most recent Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Government-Subsidized Restaurants as promoters of the realization of the Human Right to Adequate Food: Proposal of an evaluation model
Conclusion The findings point to the need for advances in evaluation methodologies that contemplate Food and Nutrition Security as the guiding principle of the actions performed by Government-Subsidized Restaurants. Thus, the evaluation matrix presented aims to contribute to the improvement of the GSR as a multifunctional tool, promoter of Food and Nutrition Security and the realization of the Human Right to Adequate Food within the National Food and Nutrition Security Policy.RESUMO Objetivo Apresentar um modelo de avalia ção para os Restaurantes Populares no âmbito da Política Nacional de Segura...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Body image distortion and dissatisfaction in incarcerated women
Conclusion Most female inmates were dissatisfied with their bodies and distort their body image, indicating the need for these aspects to be included in the he alth promotion actions in the prison system.RESUMO Objetivo Estimar a preval ência da distorção e da insatisfação com a Imagem Corporal e identificar seus fatores associados numa população de mulheres encarceradas em regime fechado. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal realizado com mulheres reclusas (n=107) do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Foram coletadas inform ações pessoais sociodemogr&aacut...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - August 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between physical inactivity in leisure, work, commuting, and household domains and nutritional status in adults in the capital cities of Brazil
ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the association between different domains (leisure, work, commuting, and household) of physical activity, independent and cumulative, and excess weight and obesity in Brazilian adults. Methods This is a cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2015, through telephone interviews with a representative sample of adults from the capitals of Brazil. Physical inactivity was defined as non-participation in predefined physical activities for each assessed domain. Excess weight (Body Mass Index?25kg/m2) and obesity (Body Mass Index?30kg/m2) were determined from self-reported measurements of weight and ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Chia seed (Salvia hispanica L.) supplementation may contribute to raising the levels of vitamin B12: An option for the vegan diet
Conclusion It was deduced that a chia-rich diet has no effect on the renal function and is not able to reverse aluminum-induced hepatotoxicity; however, it may be of benefit against vitamin B12 insufficiency and thus, it may offer a novel treatment option which is particularly important in the vegan diet.RESUMO Objetivo A semente de chia, um antigo pseudocereal, é rica em ácidos graxos ômega-3 e polifenóis e tem sido sugerida como tendo vários benefícios para a saúde. Embora tenha ganhado popularidade entre os nutricionistas, na verdade, pouco se sabe sobre os efeitos e inter...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The potential effects of dietary food and beverage intakes on the risk of kidney stone formation
This study was conducted on 44 healthy individuals and 44 patients diagnosed with nephrolithiasis and aging between 20 and 65 years. Participants shared their salt consumption habits, daily fluid consumption amounts and general information about themselves in a questionnaire form. In addition, food and beverage consumption frequencies of participants were recorded through a food frequency questionnaire. Results Salt consumption frequencies of patients are higher than that of healthy individuals in both genders (p
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food and nutrition (in)security in families of farmers who supply the National School Feeding Program
The objective of this study was to evaluate the situation of food and nutritional (in)security in families of farmers who supply the National School Feeding Program. Methods It is a cross-sectional study with 27 families of farmers (n=91). The socioeconomic, anthropometric, biochemical, food availability and perception of food insecurity indicators of the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale, as well as the time of supply and annual income originating from the program, were evaluated. Results Food insecurity, as measured by the scale, was present in 25.9% (n=7) of the families. Food insecurity was associated with socioeconomic ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Maternal attitudes, beliefs and practices related to the feeding and nutritional status of schoolchildren
Conclusion Nutritional interventions should focus on stimulating the parents ’ sense of responsibility for the child ’ s nutrition, as well as on promoting the frequent monitoring of the child ’ s food intake.RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a rela ção entre as atitudes, crenças e práticas maternas e o consumo alimentar e o estado nutricional da criança. Métodos Estudo transversal com 563 pares mães-crianças. Mães responderam questionário online que coletava as seguintes informações: dados sociodemográficos, estado nutricio...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Erratum
Conclusion Calibrated FFQ with portions estimated from the own target population obtained better estimates of dietary intake, with values considerably more similar to those obtained with the reference method.RESUMO Objetivo Comparar estimativas de ingest ão alimentar de Questionário de Frequência Alimentar em conjunto a duas abordagens: porções obtidas de Recordatórios-24h aplicados na população de estudo, e equações de calibração, calculadas a partir dos mesmos Recordatórios-24h. Métodos Foram descritas medianas e intervalos d...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Improvement in dietary intake estimates through the combined use of different approaches
Conclusion Calibrated FFQ with portions estimated from the own target population obtained better estimates of dietary intake, with values considerably more similar to those obtained with the reference method.RESUMO Objetivo Comparar estimativas de ingest ão alimentar de Questionário de Frequência Alimentar em conjunto a duas abordagens: porções obtidas de Recordatórios-24h aplicados na população de estudo, e equações de calibração, calculadas a partir dos mesmos Recordatórios-24h. Métodos Foram descritas medianas e intervalos d...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Acquisition of family farm foods in municipalities of São Paulo state: The influence of the management of the School Feeding Program and municipal characteristics
ABSTRACT Objective To describe and analyze the implementation aspects of the purchase of food from family farms, according to the management of the School Feeding Program and characteristics of municipalities in the state of S ão Paulo. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, including 25 municipalities from São Paulo that purchased from family farms for school feeding, where 105 schools were drawn, in 2013, to verify: knowledge of the Law No.11,947/2009, disclosure of the purchasing process, guidance o n the management of food, kitchen improvements, variety of food purchased and the use ≤ ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ultra-processed food consumption and obesity in adolescents
Conclusion The significant contribution of ultra-processed foods to daily calories is evidence of a poor diet of this population of young people, although this has not been shown as a factor associated with excess weight. Therefore, there is an urgent need for public policies that discourage the consumption of these products and encourage the return to a traditional diet.RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a rela ção entre o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e indicadores de obesidade em adolescentes. Métodos Estudo transversal com amostra de conveniência de 200 adolescentes de 10 a 18 anos, de Campinas ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Factors associated with the consumption of fi ve daily servings of fruits and vegetables by students
ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and associate the frequency of consumption of five daily servings of fruits and vegetables with socioeconomic and demographic factors of students in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil. Methods A cross-sectional study with a sample stratified by clusters of 1,578 students aged 7 to 17 in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul (Rio Grande do Sul state), Brazil. Volunteers were asked whether they consumed five daily servings of fruits and vegetables. This consumption was classified as irregular or regular. Data regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status, domicile area, and information on the nutritio...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Potential drug-food interactions in patients hospitalized in the Cardiology Unit
Conclusion Drug-Food Interactions occur with commonly used drugs, for example omeprazole and acetylsalicylic acid. However, health teams do not know or identify a substantial part of interactions. This factor leads to an exposure to risks related to changes in drug response and patient safety.RESUMO Objetivo Analisar as potenciais intera ções fármaco-alimento identificadas a partir das prescrições medicamentosas de pacientes internados no Serviço de Cardiologia de um Hospital Universitário. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo e transversal, realizad...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ingestion of a drink containing carbohydrate increases the number of bench press repetitions
Conclusion It is concluded that a previous intake of carbohydrate is useful in improving performance in resistance exercises, providing an increase in the individual ’ s perception of effort.RESUMO Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar os efeitos da ingest ão prévia de carboidrato no número de repetições durante o exercício supino reto em indivíduos praticantes de musculação. Métodos Oito participantes fisicamente ativos do sexo masculino (21,3±2,7 anos, 176±5cm, 73,12±6,12kg) com experiência míni...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research