Absence of cytomegalovirus in gingivitis and chronic periodontitis in HIV-1 patients in Northern Brazil
CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of CMV is very low both in HIV-1 patients with gingivitis and chronic periodontitis. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Hepatitis E virus infection among rural Afro-descendant communities from the eastern Brazilian Amazon
CONCLUSIONS Results indicated low prevalence of HEV infection in Afro-descendant rural communities from the eastern Brazilian Amazon. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Alterations in the lipid profiles and circulating liver enzymes in individuals infected by Schistosoma mansoni
CONCLUSIONS Parasitological testing for S. mansoni should be indicated in endemic areas when this pattern of alterations is detected. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Factors associated with leprosy in a municipality of the Pre-Amazon region, state of Maranhão, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: We found an improvement in leprosy control, with a reduction in the detection rate and the absolute number of cases. Strengthening of disease control measures should be prioritized to eliminate leprosy as a public health concern in this municipality. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of toxoplasmosis among adults in a small Brazilian city
CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of toxoplasmosis ser ological markers in this adult population highlights the need to promote preventive practices, especially those directed toward women of childbearing age, in this part of Brazil. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Favorable responses to treatment with 5 mg Sbv/kg/day meglumine antimoniate in patients with American tegumentary leishmaniasis acquired in different Brazilian regions
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ATL acquired in both RJ and OS may respond to low-dose MA. While high-dose MA should remain the standard treatment for ATL, low-dose MA might be preferred when toxicity is a primary concern. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of different methods for the detection of biofilm production in coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from blood cultures of newborns
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, ~42% of CoNS isolates produced biofilms, and the presence of icaACD was associated with a greater capacity to form biofilms. Compared to the other phenotypic methodologies, TCP is an ideal procedure for routine laboratory use. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Predictive factors of dengue severity in hospitalized children and adolescents in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Age greater than 5 years, abdominal pain, painful hepatomegaly, and positive tourniquet test were predictors of DHF. The high frequency of hepatic impairment suggests that acetaminophen should be avoided in severe cases of dengue. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Quality of life predictors for people living with HIV/AIDS in an impoverished region of Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Depression was the main predictor of low QoL in all domains evaluated. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Fluctuations in serological hepatitis C virus levels in HIV patients
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide important clinical data to public health professionals and highlight the importance of periodic monitoring of HCV/HIV coinfected patient s. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of the inflammatory response on treatment of hepatitis C with triple therapy
CONCLUSIONS Similar to patterns observed during double therapy, IL-6, IL-8, and RANTES levels were associated with SVR in TT, indicating the potential role of interferon in immune response to hepatitis C virus. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Association between polymorphisms in the genes encoding toll-like receptors and dectin-1 and susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis: a systematic review
This study systematically reviewed the literature using the databases PubMed/PMC, Scopus, and Web of Science using the keywords invasive aspergillosis, polymorphism, Toll-like, and Dectin-1. From the initial search, 415 studies were found and according to our inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight studies were selected. Several studies described single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with a greater susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis. These SNPs were found in the genes that encode toll-like receptors 1, 3, 4, and 5 and the gene that encodes dectin-1; upon activation, both cellular receptors initia...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 13, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Yellow fever vaccination and neurological complications
We report an Acanthamoeba keratitis case associated with the use of contact lens in a 28-year-old female from Bras ília, Brazil. Samples from corneal scraping and contact lens case were used for culture establishment, PCR amplification, and partial sequencing (fragments of ~400kb) of small subunit rDNA; both culture and PCR were positive. The sequence analyses of the cornea and of isolates from the contact lens case showed similarity with the T4 genotype. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of T4 Acanthamoeba keratitis case from the Midwest region of Brazil. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileir...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Central nervous system histoplasmosis mimicking tentorium meningioma
We report an Acanthamoeba keratitis case associated with the use of contact lens in a 28-year-old female from Bras ília, Brazil. Samples from corneal scraping and contact lens case were used for culture establishment, PCR amplification, and partial sequencing (fragments of ~400kb) of small subunit rDNA; both culture and PCR were positive. The sequence analyses of the cornea and of isolates from the contact lens case showed similarity with the T4 genotype. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of T4 Acanthamoeba keratitis case from the Midwest region of Brazil. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileir...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

A human immunodeficiency virus-positive woman with toxic epidermal necrolysis treated with human intravenous immunoglobulin
We report an Acanthamoeba keratitis case associated with the use of contact lens in a 28-year-old female from Bras ília, Brazil. Samples from corneal scraping and contact lens case were used for culture establishment, PCR amplification, and partial sequencing (fragments of ~400kb) of small subunit rDNA; both culture and PCR were positive. The sequence analyses of the cornea and of isolates from the contact lens case showed similarity with the T4 genotype. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of T4 Acanthamoeba keratitis case from the Midwest region of Brazil. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileir...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

The first Acanthamoeba keratitis case in the Midwest region of Brazil: diagnosis, genotyping of the parasite and disease outcome
We report an Acanthamoeba keratitis case associated with the use of contact lens in a 28-year-old female from Bras ília, Brazil. Samples from corneal scraping and contact lens case were used for culture establishment, PCR amplification, and partial sequencing (fragments of ~400kb) of small subunit rDNA; both culture and PCR were positive. The sequence analyses of the cornea and of isolates from the contact lens case showed similarity with the T4 genotype. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of T4 Acanthamoeba keratitis case from the Midwest region of Brazil. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileir...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

First autochthonous case of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Rondônia, Brazil, a region with no history of visceral leishmaniasis
This report describes the first autochthonous case of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Rond ônia, northern Brazil. A canine resident of the municipality of Cacoal, with clinical signs and symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis, was treated by a veterinarian. Samples were analyzed by a reference laboratory. Dual-path platform (DPP) assay, indirect immunofluorescence technique (IIT), enzyme-lin ked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), isolation in a culture medium, and direct parasitological analysis were performed. DPP assay, IIT, and ELISA revealed positive results for Leishmania; PCR identified ...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Ralstonia mannitolilytica bacteremia in a neonatal intensive care unit
We describe three cases of bacteremia caused by R. mannitolilytica in a neonatal intensive care unit in Curitiba, Southern Brazil. All isolates presented the same PFGE profile. The common source of infection was undetected in surveillance cultures for the outbreak survey. All patients received antimicrobial treatment and were discharged from the maternity. Due to the characteristics of the microorganism, clinicians and microbiologists should pay attention to the emergence of Ralstonia spp. infections. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Sudden bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in a patient immunocompromised by the human immunodeficiency virus
Abstract It is known that in less than a third of patients presenting sudden hearing loss, the disorder can be attributed to viral infection, trauma, neoplasms, and vascular and autoimmune diseases. However, the role of the HIV in the onset of this disease has not yet been well described. A 46-year-old female, in an immunosuppression state induced by HIV infection, presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss, with no improvement despite treatment. Several mechanisms were reported by which the virus could induce damage to the auditory pathway. However, little is known regarding the prevention and treatment of this morbidit...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Injuries caused by fish in a community of Pantanal fishermen: detection, treatment, and prevention of envenomations and trauma
CONCLUSIONS A leaflet and discussions decreased the injuries (only two were recorded in the next year). The campaign educated fishermen about prevention of and first aid for injuries. Similar campaigns will be performed in other communities of the Pantanal. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Acute kidney injury due to systemic Loxoscelism: a cross-sectional study in Northeast Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Loxoscelism could cause kidney involvement which is uncommon and could lead to the death of these patients. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Snail transmitters of schistosomiasis and other mollusks of medical and economic importance at the Simplício Queda Única Hydroelectric Plant, Southeast Brazil
CONCLUSIONS No specimens parasitized by larval trematodes of medical interest were detected. However, the results reinforce the importance of surveillance in study areas vulnerable to the occurrence of sch istosomiasis transmission. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with canine visceral leishmaniasis in the State of Paraíba, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: The seroprevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis is high in Paraíba, indicating the need for health authorities to resume visceral leishmaniasis control activities. The ruralization of suburban areas in the region tends to homogenize the risk factors between suburban and rural areas. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Seroprevalence and spatial distribution of canine leishmaniasis in an endemic region in Brazil: how has the situation changed after 10 years?
CONCLUSIONS: The reported data illustrate the circulation of parasites of the genus Leishmania in a canine population. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Increased antimicrobial resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae from a University Hospital in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Infection control meas ures in the hospitals are necessary for reducing the spread of multidrug-resistant microorganisms and preventing efficacy loss of these drugs. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro resistance of Enterobacter cloacae isolated from fresh seafood to colistin
CONCLUSIONS: Fish and shrimp can carry drug-resistant enterobacteria, which can be of clinical interest. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

The burden of hepatitis C infection in a Southern Brazilian State
CONCLUSIONS The burden of hepatitis C was high and concentrated in adult age groups with variations among regions. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of chaotropes in Chagas disease and leishmaniasis cross-reacting serology assays for epidemiological surveys
CONCLUSIONS: The use of a chaotropic diluting agent is useful for improving the specificity of Chagas disease and leishmaniasis immunoassays. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Chagas disease in an endemic area of Sergipe State, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of T. cruzi infection was observed in mostly elderly individuals. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Delayed healthcare and secondary infections following freshwater stingray injuries: risk factors for a poorly understood health issue in the Amazon
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, work-related injuries and>24 hours from being stung until receiving medical care were independently and significantly associated with the risk of secondary infection. The frequency of infection following sting injuries was 9%. The major factor associated with the risk of secondary bacterial infection was a time period of>24 hours from being stung until receiving medical care. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Distribution of clinical isolates of Candida spp. and antifungal susceptibility of high biofilm-forming Candida isolates
CONCLUSIONS: C. tropicalis displays the highest biofilm formation ability among all the Candida species evaluated, and HBF Candida isolates were more frequently seen in vaginal swab, tracheal aspirate, and urine samples. Our findings revealed that 5-flucytosine is the most efficient antifungal agent against HBF Candida isolates. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Social determinants of tuberculosis via a zero-inflated model in small areas of a city in Southeastern Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: It is important to prioritize areas exhibiting determinants that influence the occurrence of TB in the municipality of Vitória. The zero-inflated model can be useful to the public health sector since it identifies the percentage of false zeros, genera ting an estimate of the real epidemiological condition of TB in Vitória. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical impact and cost analysis of the use of either the Xpert MTB Rif test or sputum smear microscopy in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with SSM, Xpert test showed a greater sensitivity, but it also had a time delay with respect to treatment initiation and a higher mean cost per examination. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Demographic and clinical characterization of human visceral leishmaniasis in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil between 2006 and 2015
CONCLUSIONS: HVL has shown worrying expansion and evolution, in addition to high lethality, in Pernambuco. The only stu dy of its kind in the past decade, it was evident from this study that despite efforts to contain this disease, HVL in Pernambuco exhibits patterns similar to those described in previous studies. Based on our results, we suggest reassessing the current prevention and control measures in the state. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Trypanosoma cruzi seroprevalence among solid organ donors in Ceará State, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: There was a high prevalence of CD and other coinfections among potential solid organ donors in Ceará, and statistical tests have shown that these individuals are at increased ri sk of stroke when compared to potential non-reactive donors. This work highlights the importance of screening DC infection in potential donors. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Phenotypic and molecular detection of metallo-β-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with burns in Tehran, Iran
CONCLUSIONS: Our present study found that the bla IMP-1 and bla VIM-1 genes were present at a significant frequency and also detected the bla SPM-1 gene in P. aeruginosa isolates for the first time, highlighting the need for establishing suitable infection control measures to successfully treat patients and prevent further spread of these resistant organisms among patients with burns. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Molecular analysis, biofilm formation, and susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains causing community- and health care-associated infections in central venous catheters
CONCLUSIONS: The superbug MRSA is a major cause of CVC-related infection. Antibiotic resistance to major classes of antibiotics and biofilm formation potential enhanced superbug MRSA virulence, leading to complicated infection. MRSA causes infection in hospitals, communities, and livestock. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence of low bone mass and changes in vitamin D levels in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults unexposed to antiretrovirals
CONCLUSIONS: Our study population presented with compromised bone health and with low bone mineral density and 25-(OH)-vitamin D levels. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Diagnostic significance of immunoglobulin G avidity in symptomatic and asymptomatic West Nile virus infection
Abstract INTRODUCTION West Nile virus (WNV) immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies have been shown to persist for up to 500 days in certain patients. To evaluate the usefulness of immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity assessment in the diagnosis of WNV infection, we analyzed 54 WNV IgM- and/or IgG-positive serum samples from 39 patients with neuroinvasive disease and 15 asymptomatic cases tested during a seroprevalence investigation. METHODS Serological tests (WNV IgM/IgG antibody detection, IgG avidity) were performed using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS WNV IgM antibodies were detected in 47 (87%)...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Prostaglandin A1 triggers Mayaro virus inhibition and heat shock protein 70 expression in an epithelial cell model
CONCLUSIONS: PGA1 inhibits MAYV replication in Hep-2 cells at early stages of viral replication, prior to production of viral structural proteins, possibly via HSP70 induction. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Hepatitis B and asymptomatic malaria coinfection in Sub-Saharan African immigrants: epidemiological and clinical features of HBV infection
CONCLUSIONS: Coinfected patients seem to present with the same clinical symptoms of the liver disease as HBV mono-infect ed patients. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Electrocardiogram in Chagas disease
Abstract Since the initial descriptions of Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChCM), the electrocardiography has played a key role in patient evaluations. The diagnostic criterion of chronic ChCM is the presence of characteristic electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in seropositive individuals, regardless of the presence of symptoms. However, these ECG abnormalities are rarely specific to ChCM and, particularly among the elderly, can be caused by other simultaneous cardiomyopathies. ECG abnormalities can predict the occurrence of heart failure, stroke, and even death. Nevertheless, most prognostic studies have included Chagas dise...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Electrocardiogram in Chagas disease: can anything be learned from an old tool?
(Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - October 8, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Jequitiranabóia, the flying snake
We report the case of a 3-year-old child, which would help clinicians to focus on the treatment approach required after an incident involving multiple bee stings. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

The train tracks sign is a valuable skin marker of envenomations caused by caterpillars
We report the case of a 3-year-old child, which would help clinicians to focus on the treatment approach required after an incident involving multiple bee stings. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Noncontiguous multiple-level brucellar spondylitis with subsequent relapse
We report the case of a 3-year-old child, which would help clinicians to focus on the treatment approach required after an incident involving multiple bee stings. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Multiple bee stings, multiple organs involved: a case report
We report the case of a 3-year-old child, which would help clinicians to focus on the treatment approach required after an incident involving multiple bee stings. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Chagas cardiomyopathy associated with serological cure after trypanocidal treatment during childhood
We report a case of a patient who was treated when she was 13 years old and achieved T. cruzi negative seroconversion but developed Chagas disease cardiomyopathy as an adult. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Septic arthritis of native hip joint by Staphylococcus lugdunensis: a case report
Abstract Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a rare virulent coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS) that behaves similarly to Staphylococcus aureus in causing deep abscesses, skin and soft tissue infections, and central nervous system infections. Additionally, there can be certain blood stream infections including sepsis, septic shock, toxic shock syndrome, and endocarditis complicated by embolic events. Reports of septic arthritis of a native joint associated with this organism have been infrequent, justifying the presentation and discussion of this case. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on the muscle tonus and amplitude of movement in HTLV-1-infected patients with HAM/TSP
Abstract An HTLV-1-infected patient can develop paraparesis that limits their movements. Rehabilitation techniques could improve the motor abilities of these patients. The present study investigates five cases of physical therapy intervention in HTLV-1 patients to evaluate the influence of functional rehabilitation on the tonus and range of motion (ROM) of HTLV-1 patients with spasticity. The patients had a gain of ROM, especially in the lower limb, and reduction in hypertonia/spasticity after functional treatment. The reduction in hypertonia increased the ROM. Thus, functional methods may be valuable for the rehabilitatio...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - August 21, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research