Zika - The road from an obscure disease to an epidemic of information
(Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - March 17, 2017 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

2 nd Brazilian Consensus on Chagas Disease, 2015
The objective was to review and standardize strategies for diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of Chagas disease in the country, based on the available scientific evidence. The consensus is based on the articulation and strategic contribution of renowned Brazilian experts with knowledge and experience on various aspects of the disease. It is the result of a close collaboration between the Brazilian Society of Tropical Medicine and the Ministry of Health. It is hoped that this document will strengthen the development of integrated actions against Chagas disease in the country, focusing on epidemiology, management,...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 12, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Towards control of Chagas disease: the contribution of the new brazilian consensus
(Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - December 12, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Erratum
In this report, we describe the clinical findings of three family members with vertical transmission of HTLV-1. This case report highlights the importance of healthcare providers who have optimal knowledge about HTLV-1 including its transmission and pertinent attributes, and who are able to provide affected individuals with adequate information regarding their condition. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Enlarged hilar lymph node due to Histoplasma
In this report, we describe the clinical findings of three family members with vertical transmission of HTLV-1. This case report highlights the importance of healthcare providers who have optimal knowledge about HTLV-1 including its transmission and pertinent attributes, and who are able to provide affected individuals with adequate information regarding their condition. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 infection: three infected generations in the same family
In this report, we describe the clinical findings of three family members with vertical transmission of HTLV-1. This case report highlights the importance of healthcare providers who have optimal knowledge about HTLV-1 including its transmission and pertinent attributes, and who are able to provide affected individuals with adequate information regarding their condition. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Acute pancreatitis complicating dengue hemorrhagic fever
We report a 10-year-old child who presented with fever, persistent vomiting, and abdominal pain. A diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was made. This is a very infrequently reported complication of dengue hemorrhagic fever. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

A fatal case of Brazilian spotted fever in a non-endemic area in Brazil: the importance of having health professionals who understand the disease and its areas of transmission
This article reports the first fatal case of BSF in Southern Brazil. This case high lights the importance of BSF to be considered as a differential diagnosis for acute hemorrhagic fever in areas where cases of BSF may not be expected. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Mayaro fever in an HIV-infected patient suspected of having Chikungunya fever
We report a case of a patient returning from a work trip to the Amazon basin with myalgia, arthralgia, fever, and headache. During this travel, the patient visited riverside communities. Both dengue and Chikungunya fevers were first suspected, tested for, and excluded. Mayaro fever was then confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction followed by next-generation sequencing and phylogenetic reconstruction. The increased awareness of physicians and consequent detection of Mayaro virus in this case was only possible due a previous surveillance program with specific health personnel training about these neglect...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

The influence of assistive technology on occupational performance and satisfaction of leprosy patients with grade 2 disabilities
Abstract INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the feasibility of assistive technology (AT) devices to improve leprosy patients' occupational performances and satisfaction. METHODS: This is a pretest-posttest design study. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure was used to assess the occupational performance and satisfaction of five leprosy participants with grade 2 disabilities before and after ten 45-minute interventions using assistive technology devices. RESULTS: The data showed a statistically significant 7-point average improvement (p
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Toxocara spp. seroprevalence in pregnant women in Brasília, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: A direct relationship between toxocariasis and contact with pets was observed, but ther e was no relationship with the miscarriage prevalence. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Absence of asymptomatic cases of malaria in a historically endemic indigenous locality of the Department of Caaguazú, Paraguay: moving toward elimination
CONCLUSIONS: There were no asymptomatic cases in Santa Teresa, and this finding is very promising. A longitudinal study should be performed to confirm that there are no asymptomatic cases in this locality. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Expression of co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86 is altered in CD14 + HLA-DR + monocytes from patients with Chagas disease following induction by Trypanosoma cruzi recombinant antigens
CONCLUSIONS: CRA and FRA may contribute to host immune response evasion by Trypanozoma cruzi. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of and risk factors for leptospirosis in the City of Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS Disease occurrence might be reduced through improved basic infrastructural conditions. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence, and virulence determination of Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from clinical and non-clinical samples by multiplex polymerase chain reaction
CONCLUSIONS: This study validated MPCR in the analysis and rapid detection of L. monocytogenes. The role of the genes in pathogenesis of the strains can also be affirmed. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and associated risk factors among prison inmates in the City of Florianópolis
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HIV infection among prison inmates was higher than that reported for the general population. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Presence of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Parque Estadual da Serra da Tiririca, State of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil
CONCLUSIONS We report the occurrence of Lu. longipalpis in an area of Atlantic Forest, possibly representing the first sylvatic population of Lu. longipalpis in an area absent of peridomestic captures, but with the risk of L. infantum transmission in the areas of Niter ói and Maricá. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Spatial analysis for the identification of risk areas for schistosomiasis mansoni in the State of Sergipe, Brazil, 2005-2014
CONCLUSIONS: There was a decreasing positive trend of schistosomiasis in Sergipe. Spatial analysis identified the geographic distribution of risk and allowed the definition of priority areas f or the maintenance and intensification of control interventions. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis spp. in road-killed wild mammals from the Central Western Region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS Our results indicate that T. gondii is commonly present in wild mammals, which act as sources of infection for humans and animals, including other wild species. The approach employed herein proved useful for detecting T. gondii and Sarcocystis spp. in the environment and identifying their natural reservoirs, contributing to our understanding of host-parasite interactions. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic characteristics of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in the 15 th State Health Division, Northwest Paraná State, Southern Brazil
Abstract INTRODUCTION American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) is an endemic disease in many regions of Brazil; however, only few reports on the actual epidemiological conditions are available. Here, we aimed to assess the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory characteristics of ATL patients and their treatment in the 15th Regional Health Division of Paran á State, Maringá, Brazil. METHODS This epidemiological study included patients diagnosed with ATL from January 2010 to September 2014, from the 15th Regional Health Division database. RESULTS A total of 220 cases aged 3-84 years (85% male and 60.9% with...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of the antiplasmodial and leishmanicidal potential of Myrciaria dubia (Myrtaceae) extract
CONCLUSIONS The results obtained indicate the presence of antiplasmodial and leishmanicidal bioactive compounds in the dichloromethanolic extracts of M. dubia leaves, and point towards future studies to elucidate the mechanism of action for each physiological effect. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Screening of the in vitro antileishmanial activities of compounds and secondary metabolites isolated from Maytenus guianensis Klotzsch ex Reissek (Celastraceae) chichuá Amazon
CONCLUSIONS Maytenus guianensis shows anti-parasite activity that warrants further investigation to determine the mechanisms underlying this antileishmanial effect and to evaluate the pharmacological potential of these eluates and isolated secondary metabolites, while minimizing any adverse effects. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of the Housing Improvement Program for Chagas Disease Control in the Northwestern municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Despite reports of difficulties in carrying out the HIPCDC, there was an improvement in the housing conditions, with no triatomine occurrence reports after the program implementation. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Antibodies for Rickettsia spp. in patients with negative serology for dengue virus, leptospirosis, and meningococcal disease in municipalities of São Paulo State, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS This serological investigation suggests there is evidence of exposure to Rickettsia spp. in residents of areas that have environmental conditions favorable to the spread of bacteria, in which Brazilian spotted fever incidence was not previously confirmed. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial on the effectiveness of a symbiotic product to decolonize patients harboring multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli
CONCLUSIONS: Under the present study conditions, symbiotic administration was not effective for decolonizing hospitalized patients harboring MDR Gram-negative bacilli. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Zika in Pernambuco: rewriting the first outbreak
CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to the official data, during the peak months of the arbovirosis epidemic of 2015, most cases were compatible with Zika virus infections. Hospital-based studies, although retrospective and based on secondary data from clinical files, might provide a better estimate of the number of cases relative to currently available data, if derived from several urgent care units of representative areas of a city or state.This would partially retrospectively correct some inconsistences regarding official notifications. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Frequency and diversity of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Sinop, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: We observed a high frequency and diversity of sand flies in all urban areas, and some species collected were major vectors of leishmaniasis. These results support the need for further studies of the natural rates of infection of these insects and the circulation of the disease in hosts and vectors. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

One year after the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil: from hypotheses to evidence
Abstract Zika virusis an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family with two major strains, an Asian and an African strain. The main vectors involved in the transmission of Zika virus are the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Despite its identification, discovered in 1947 in the Zika forest in Uganda, only isolated and sporadic occurrences of human infection were reported within a largely asymptomatic proportion of individuals. The first reported outbreak occurred in 2007 in the Yap Island, which belongs to the Federated States of Micronesia in the Pacific Ocean, and in French Polynesia, where high attack rates occu...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Zika and chikungunya infections in Brazil: reviewing the epidemic and treatment options
(Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Hydatid cysts in a patient with multiple organ involvement
Abstract: Injuries caused by fish are common in marine and freshwater environments. Catfish of the Ariidae and Pimelodidae families cause about 80% of those injuries. One of the complications of injuries caused by fish is the retention of fragments of the stinger in the wounds. Here we report five cases (of a total of 127 injuries caused by catfish in the Brazilian coast) in which the retained fragments were detected by radiological examination. Retained fragments should be considered in patients stung by catfish. A simple X-ray is sufficient to detect fragments of stingers in the wounds. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Bras...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Diagnostic imaging of injuries caused by venomous and traumatogenic catfish
Abstract: Injuries caused by fish are common in marine and freshwater environments. Catfish of the Ariidae and Pimelodidae families cause about 80% of those injuries. One of the complications of injuries caused by fish is the retention of fragments of the stinger in the wounds. Here we report five cases (of a total of 127 injuries caused by catfish in the Brazilian coast) in which the retained fragments were detected by radiological examination. Retained fragments should be considered in patients stung by catfish. A simple X-ray is sufficient to detect fragments of stingers in the wounds. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Bras...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Osteomyelitis caused by Sporothrix schenckii in an immunocompetent patient
This report describes a case of sporotrichosis with severe bone and subcutaneous damage in an immunocompetent patient who did not exhibit the characteristic skin lesions of sporotrichosis, including ulcers, nodules, and lymphangitis. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Nocardia nova causing empyema necessitatis afterlung re-transplantation: a case report
We report herein a case of thoracic infection due to Nocardia nova following lung re-transplantation performed for emphysema related to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. The infection extended from the lung into the pleural space, thoracic wall, and mediastinum, presenting as pericarditis and empyema necessitatis. Nocardia nova was identified by 16S ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA) sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. According to a literature search of PubMed, LILACS and MEDLINE databases, we describe herein the first case of empyema necessitatis caused by N. nova species in a transplanted patient. (Source: Revista d...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Severe coagulopathy and transient hypertension following a Rhabdophis subminiatus bite: a case report
Abstract: Because the majority of colubrid species are considered harmless to human beings, colubrid snakebites are rarely reported. However, the venom of Rhabdophis, which is part of the Colubridae family, is procoagulant and leads to severe coagulopathy. Here, we present a case of disseminated intravascular coagulation with enhanced fibrinolysis following a Rhabdophis bite. Although coagulopathy can be treated effectively with the specific Rhabdophis antivenom, this antivenom is not widely available in Indonesia. We also found transient hypertension secondary to the colubrid venom, an unusual finding. (Source: Revista da...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Incidence of snakebites from 2007 to 2014 in the State of São Paulo, Southeast Brazil, using a Bayesian time series model
CONCLUSIONS: The snakebites occurred predominantly during the warm season, from November to April. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Frequency of anti- Toxoplasma gondii IgA, IgM, and IgG antibodies in high-risk pregnancies, in Brazil
CONCLUSIONS Testing for these antibodies can help diagnose infection in pregnant women, thereby contributing to clinical management. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of the correlation between wing size and body weight in captive Culex quinquefasciatus
CONCLUSIONS: Wing centroid size is a good predictor of Cx. quinquefasciatus body weight. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Occurrence and distribution of triatomines (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in municipalities of the Northeastern region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of triatomines in domiciles indicates the need for sustained entomological surveillance. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Changes in infestation sites of female Aedes aegypti in Northeast Brazil
We report the behavioral changes in use of oviposition sites in Aedes aegypti in Fortaleza, Brazil. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between different types of breeding sites and changes in use from 2001 to 2012. RESULTS: More than 40% of the infested breeding sites were used to store water. We observed a three-fold reduction in the infestation of water tanks (p = 0.038) and more than nine-fold in tires (p = 0.035). The proportion of infested plant pots increased six-fold (p
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

A survey of flaviviruses in birds in green areas of São Paulo, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the negative results, Flavivirus surveillance must be performed regularly due to favorable ecological conditions for virus circulation and transmission among birds in these areas and their close proximity to humans. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Human platelets antigens influence the viral load of platelets after the interaction of the platelets with HCV and HIV in vitro
CONCLUSIONS: HIV-platelet ligation could be more efficient than HCV-platelet interaction. Further, the HPA-1b allele seems to influence the interaction of platelets with HCV. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Laboratory-confirmed deaths caused by influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 in the Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 2009-2014
CONCLUSIONS: Influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 mortality demonstrated a cyclic pattern, with two peaks followed by a gradual decrease. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Spatial distribution of scorpions according to the socioeconomic conditions in Campina Grande,State of Paraíba, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Spatial analysis of scorpionism revealed an irregular occurrence in Campina Grande. Further, no association was observed between the socioeconomic factors analyzed and the geograp hic location of the scorpion envenomations. Detection of spatial areas with an increased risk of scorpionism can help prioritize adoption of preventive measures in these regions to reduce the associated incidence and morbidity. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Rhinosporidiosis: the largest case series in Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Rhinosporidiosis affects younger age groups, especially students from the countryside and the outskirts of urban areas. This study will aid and guide physicians in diagnosing and treating this infection in endemic areas. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Citronellal-induced disruption of membrane homeostasis in Candida albicans and attenuation of its virulence attributes
CONCLUSIONS This is the first study to propose the cell membrane, morphogenetic switching, biofilm formation, and cell adherence of Candida albicans as potential targets for the anticandidal activity of citronellal. However, clinical investigations on the therapeutic applications of citronellal are required. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with latent tuberculosis infection in an indigenous population in the Brazilian Amazon
CONCLUSIONS Although some adults may have been infected years prior, the high prevalence of infection and its strong association with age ≥ 15 years, history of TB, and recent contact with TB patients suggest that the TB transmission risk is high in the study area. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Validation of the rapid test Carestart(tm) G6PD among malaria vivax-infected subjects in the Brazilian Amazon
CONCLUSIONS: Despite low sensitivity, Carestart(tm) G6PD remains a good alternative for rapid diagnosis of G6PDd in malaria-endemic regions. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

First report of TEM-104-, SHV-99-, SHV-108-, and SHV-110-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from Iran
CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of bla TEM and bla SHV among ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates from Zahedan is relatively high, indicating the need for further surveillance and consideration in antibiotic use. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of TEM-104-, SHV-99-, SHV-108-, and SHV-110-type ESBLs among clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae from Iran, and TEM-1, SHV-1, SHV-11, and SHV-12 appear to be the dominant ESBLs in this region. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

The role of the genetic elements bla oxa and IS Aba 1 in the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex in carbapenem resistance in the hospital setting
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of the ISAba1 sequence upstream of the bla OXA-23-like gene was strongly associated with carbapenem resistance in isolates of the A. calcoaceticus-A. baumannii complex in the hospital center studied. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Behavioral fever response in Rhodnius prolixus (Reduviidae: Triatominae) to intracoelomic inoculation of Trypanosoma cruzi
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first known investigation to demonstrate a behavioral fever response in R. prolixus injected intracoelomically with T. cruzi I. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research