Convergent evidence for the antiviral effects of several FDA-approved phenothiazine antipsychotics against SARS-CoV-2 and other coronaviruses.
PMID: 33440401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - January 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Machado-Vieira R, Quevedo J, Shahani L, Soares JC Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increased depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian mothers: a longitudinal study.
PMID: 33440402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - January 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Loret de Mola C, Blumenberg C, Martins RC, Martins-Silva T, Carpena MX, Del-Ponte B, Pearson R, Soares AL, Cesar JA Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Acceptance and commitment therapy-based behavioral intervention for insomnia: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that integrating principles of ACT with behavioral techniques may be useful for treating insomnia. Further research should identify whether the principles of ACT result in added effectiveness compared to behavioral components alone. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: RBR-7nc5wq. PMID: 33331495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: El Rafihi-Ferreira R, Morin CM, Toscanini AC, Lotufo Neto F, Brasil IS, Gallinaro JG, Borges DS, Conway SG, Hasan R Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Independent and combined associations of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, TV viewing, and physical activity with severe depressive symptoms among 59,402 adults.
CONCLUSION: Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was independently associated with severe depressive symptoms among women and interacted with TV viewing, but not with physical activity among men. PMID: 33331496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Werneck AO, Schuch FB, Stubbs B, Oyeyemi AL, Szwarcwald CL, Vancampfort D, Silva DR Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Positive psychology interventions to improve well-being and symptoms in people on the schizophrenia spectrum: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Used as an adjunctive therapy, PPIs appear to be a promising resource for patients on the schizophrenia spectrum, with possible effects on well-being and symptom reduction. PMID: 33331497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pina I, Braga CM, de Oliveira TFR, de Santana CN, Marques RC, Machado L Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health problems among healthcare workers involved with the COVID-19 outbreak.
CONCLUSION: The most frequent mental health problems during the common exposure scenario for COVID-19 in Mexico included the short-term psychological consequences of intense adversity. A comprehensive strategy for preventing mental health problems should focus on individuals with cumulative vulnerability and specific risk factors. PMID: 33331498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robles R, Rodríguez E, Vega-Ramírez H, Álvarez-Icaza D, Madrigal E, Durand S, Morales-Chainé S, Astudillo C, Real-Ramírez J, Medina-Mora ME, Becerra C, Escamilla R, Alcocer-Castillejos N, Ascencio L, Díaz D, González H, Barrón-Velázquez E, Fresá Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increased body sway in phobic patients exposed to images of spiders.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the postural control test suggest the occurrence of a defensive escape response in SP, in agreement with previous evidence. PMID: 33331404 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Linares IMP, Nardi AE, Guimarães FS, Arrais KC, Chagas MH, Osório FL, Hallak JE, Zuardi AW, Coimbra NC, Crippa JA Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Brazilian Psychiatric Association guidelines for the management of suicidal behavior. Part 2. Screening, intervention, and prevention.
This article continues our presentation of the Brazilian Psychiatric Association guidelines for the management of patients with suicidal behavior, with a focus on screening, intervention, postvention, prevention, and promotion. For the development of these guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of the MEDLINE (via PubMed), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and SciELO databases for research published from 1997 to 2020. Systematic reviews, clinical trials, and cohort/observational studies on screening, intervention, and prevention in suicidal behavior were included. This project involved 14 Brazi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baldaçara L, Grudtner RR, da S Leite V, Porto DM, Robis KP, Fidalgo TM, Rocha GA, Diaz AP, Meleiro A, Correa H, Tung TC, Malloy-Diniz L, Quevedo J, da Silva AG Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subjective sleep parameters in prodromal Alzheimer's disease: a case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: Older adults testing positive for amyloid had a longer time in bed and lower sleep efficiency, regardless of cognitive status. In parallel, individuals with multiple-domain MCI reported shorter sleep duration and lower overall sleep quality. PMID: 33331534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - December 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Borges CR, Piovezan RD, Poyares DR, Busatto Filho G, Studart-Neto A, Coutinho AM, Tufik S, Nitrini R, Brucki SM Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predicting latent classes of drug-related problems among adolescents: secondary analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Previous behavior problems and alcohol use were the strongest predictors of higher risk, suggesting that effective earlier interventions and early screening for alcohol use and behavioral problems are needed at schools, particularly for girls. Clinical trial registration: Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (REBEC), RBR-4mnv5g. PMID: 33237254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - November 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Almeida MC, Valente JY, Sanchez ZM Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diversity matters: opportunities in the study of the genetics of psychotic disorders in low- and middle-income countries in Latin America.
This article aims to 1) discuss the challenges and advantages of studying Latin America's particular genetic makeup and environmental context; 2) review previous studies conducted in the region; and 3) describe three Latin American research initiatives in progress: the Neuropsychiatric Genetics of Psychosis in Mexican Populations (NeuroMEX), the Paisa, and the Latin American Network for the Study of Early Psychosis (ANDES) studies. PMID: 33237255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - November 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fonseca L, Sena BF, Crossley N, Lopez-Jaramillo C, Koenen K, Freimer NB, Bressan RA, Belangero SI, Santoro ML, Gadelha A Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recall of Pictures Test included in the European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery.
PMID: 33237256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - November 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Araujo NB, Nielsen TR, Laks J Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1516-4446-2020-0884]. PMID: 33237257 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - November 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk assessment of ayahuasca use in a religious context: self-reported risk factors and adverse effects.
CONCLUSION: A minority of participants reported being very negatively affected by persistent adverse effects. Psychiatric medication use while participating in ayahuasca rituals was not associated with increased adverse effects. For the most part, the institution's practices seem sufficient to prevent exacerbated reactions. Future studies may focus on negatively affected users. PMID: 33146343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Durante Ĺ, Dos Santos RG, Bouso JC, Hallak JE Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical health in affective disorders: a narrative review of the literature.
This article reviews the most common non-psychiatric comorbidities associated with affective disorders, examining the implications of their possible bidirectional link. A narrative review was conducted on the association among the three most common non-psychiatric diseases in major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder (obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases) in articles published from January 1994 to April 2020. The evidence suggests that obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent in patients diagnosed with affective disorders. The presence of non-psychiatric comorbi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Colomer L, Anmella G, Vieta E, Grande I Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cannabidiol for the treatment of crack-cocaine craving: an exploratory double-blind study.
CONCLUSION: Under the conditions of this trial, CBD was unable to interfere with symptoms of crack-cocaine withdrawal. Further studies with larger outpatient samples involving different doses and treatment periods would be desirable and timely to elucidate the potential of CBD to induce reductions in crack-cocaine self-administration. PMID: 33146345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meneses-Gaya C, Crippa JA, Hallak JE, Miguel AQ, Laranjeira R, Bressan RA, Zuardi AW, Lacerda AL Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The memory test of the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery is the same as the Recall of Pictures Test of the European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery.
PMID: 33146346 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nitrini R, Caramelli P, Brucki SMD, Yassuda MS Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Urging caution regarding the generalizability of the Medical Student Stress Factor Scale: a medical student perspective.
PMID: 33111831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roe T, Flechtner F, Gordon AT Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Addressing adherence to antidepressant treatment for depression.
PMID: 33111772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mayes TL, Trivedi MH Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Brazilian Psychiatric Association guidelines for the management of suicidal behavior. Part 1. Risk factors, protective factors, and assessment.
The objective of this work is to provide key guidelines for managing patients with suicidal behavior in Brazil. This project involved 11 Brazilian psychiatry professionals selected by the Psychiatric Emergencies Committee (Comissão de Emergências Psiquiátricas) of the Brazilian Psychiatric Association for their experience and knowledge in psychiatry and psychiatric emergencies. For the development of these guidelines, 79 articles were reviewed (from 5,362 initially collected and 755 abstracts). In this review, we present definitions, risk and protective factors, assessments, and an introduction to the S...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baldaçara L, Rocha GA, Leite VDS, Porto DM, Grudtner RR, Diaz AP, Meleiro A, Correa H, Tung TC, Quevedo J, da Silva AG Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The course and clinical correlates of panic disorder during the postpartum period: a naturalistic observational study.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that patients with a short duration of illness may experience significant alleviation in the severity of panic symptoms during the postpartum period. PMID: 33111774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aydogan S, Uguz F, Yakut E, Bayman MG, Gezginc K Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Religiosity and spirituality in psychiatry residency programs: why, what, and how to teach?
CONCLUSIONS: A brief and feasible core R/S curriculum for psychiatry residency programs is proposed; further investigation of the impact of this educational intervention is needed. PMID: 33111775 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Oliveira E Oliveira FHA, Peteet JR, Moreira-Almeida A Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Appraising the effectiveness of electrical and magnetic brain stimulation techniques in acute major depressive episodes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.
ni AR Abstract Electrical and magnetic brain stimulation techniques present distinct mechanisms and efficacy in the acute treatment of depression. This was an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of brain stimulation techniques for managing acute major depressive episodes. A systematic review was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE databases from inception until March 2020. We included the English language meta-analysis with the most randomized controlled trials on the effects of any brain stimulation technique vs. control in adults with an acute depressive episode. Continuous and dichotomo...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Razza LB, Afonso Dos Santos L, Borrione L, Bellini H, Branco LC, Cretaz E, Duarte D, Ferrão Y, Galhardoni R, Quevedo J, Simis M, Fregni F, Correll CU, Padberg F, Trevizol A, Daskalakis ZJ, Carvalho AF, Solmi M, Brunoni AR Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Stressful life events and hopelessness in adults: the mediating role of mentalization and emotional dysregulation.
te;as M, Rohwer H Abstract OBJECTIVE: Hopelessness is considered a risk factor for several mental and behavioral disorders. Research has shown that a stressful life event can be a significant predictor of hopelessness. The aim of the current research study was to explore the relationship between stressful life events and hopelessness, as well as to analyses the mediation effect of both mentalization and emotional dysregulation on this relationship. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 607 participants recruited from the Spanish general population completed a series of measures. RESULTS: Hopelessness was...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Parada-Fernández P, Herrero-Fernández D, Oliva-Macías M, Rohwer H Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health care for refugees and the need for cultural competence training in mental health professionals.
a FLC PMID: 33084732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sá FHL, Baeza FLC Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for the treatment of PTSD.
PMID: 33053043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reiff CM, McDonald WM Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Negative affect symptoms, anxiety sensitivity, and vasomotor symptoms during perimenopause.
CONCLUSION: A better understanding of the experience of vasomotor symptoms is needed, especially the role of negative affect symptoms and anxiety sensitivity. New strategies focusing on related thoughts and behaviors could improve the quality of life of perimenopausal women. PMID: 33053044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jaeger MB, Miná CS, Alves S, Schuh GJ, Wender MC, Manfro GG Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Limitations of DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder in adolescents: what have we learned after using these criteria for several years?
;z JC PMID: 33053045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: De Micheli D, Andrade ALM, Galduróz JC Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Medical students' perspective on common stressors experienced at medical school and how to address them.
PMID: 33053046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Omar Y, Paxton J, Hui R, Jenkins E Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

COVID-19, neurocognitive disorders, and civil capacity.
va AG PMID: 33053047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valença AM, Telles LEB, Barros AJS, da Silva AG Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Features shared between fear of missing out on rewarding experiences (FOMO) and internet gaming disorder.
PMID: 33053071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Freire RC, Santos VA Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unveiling ayahuasca psychopharmacology: the accomplishments of Jordi Riba (1968-2020).
PMID: 33053072 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dos Santos RG, Araujo DB, Sanches RF, Hallak JE Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for post-traumatic stress, anxiety, and depression in sepsis survivors after ICU discharge.
CONCLUSION: Patients who survive sepsis have high levels of psychiatric symptoms. Sepsis and associated treatment-related exposures may have a role in increasing the risk of subsequent depression, anxiety, and PTSD. PMID: 33053073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Calsavara AJ, Costa PA, Nobre V, Teixeira AL Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A review of systems biology research of anxiety disorders.
Abstract The development of "omic" technologies and deep phenotyping may facilitate a systems biology approach to understanding anxiety disorders. Systems biology approaches incorporate data from multiple modalities (e.g., genomic, neuroimaging) with functional analyses (e.g., animal and tissue culture models) and mathematical modeling (e.g., machine learning) to investigate pathological biophysical networks at various scales. Here we review: i) the neurobiology of anxiety disorders; ii) how systems biology approaches have advanced this work; and iii) the clinical implications and future directions of th...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - October 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mufford MS, van der Meer D, Andreassen OA, Ramesar R, Stein DJ, Dalvie S Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of chronic insomnia in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic insomnia is prevalent among OSA patients. Our study highlights the need for detailed evaluation of patients with sleep breathing disorders to diagnose other important sleep and mood disorders (such as depression and anxiety), given their frequent association. PMID: 32997071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stelzer FG, Garcia E, Schorr F, Barea LM, Barros HT Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharide capsules for depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: This systematic review suggests that the efficacy of MOO capsules in the treatment of mild to moderate depression is not inferior to that of conventional antidepressants, which may provide a new direction for clinical alternative selection of antidepressants. However, more high-quality research and detailed assessments are needed. PMID: 32997072 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Du Y, Zheng Q, Ou ZH, Cao YJ, Su XP, Li C, Qu M Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of insight, avoidance behavior, indecisiveness, and inflated responsibility with other clinical characteristics in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
CONCLUSION: Ancillary dimensions are more a feature of illness severity than differentially associated with individual symptom dimensions in childhood OCD. Insight and avoidance should be considered for inclusion in the assessment of illness severity in childhood OCD. PMID: 32997073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sharma E, Tripathi A, Grover S, Avasthi A, Dan A, Sharma M, Goyal N, Manohari SM, Reddy YCJ Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal measurement invariance of neuropsychological tests in a diverse sample from the ELSA-Brasil study.
CONCLUSION: Cognitive temporal changes in this sample are more likely to be due to normal and/or pathological aging. Testing longitudinal measurement invariance is essential for diverse samples at high risk of dementia, such as in low- and middle-income countries. PMID: 32997074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bertola L, Benseñor IM, Gross AL, Caramelli P, Barreto SM, Moreno AB, Griep RH, Viana MC, Lotufo PA, Suemoto CK Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors for eating disorders: an umbrella review of published meta-analyses.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To grade the evidence about risk factors for eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder) with an umbrella review approach. METHODS: This was a systematic review of observational studies on risk factors for eating disorders published in PubMed/PsycInfo/Embase until December 11th, 2019. We recalculated random-effect meta-analyses, heterogeneity, small-study effect, excess significance bias and 95% prediction intervals, grading significant evidence (p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Solmi M, Radua J, Stubbs B, Ricca V, Moretti D, Busatta D, Carvalho AF, Dragioti E, Favaro A, Monteleone AM, Shin JI, Fusar-Poli P, Castellini G Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impairments of facial detection in tobacco use disorder: baseline data and impact of smoking duration.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Chronic tobacco consumption, classified as tobacco use disorder (TUD), has been associated with a variety of health problems. Investigations of face processing in TUD are hampered by lack of evidence. Here, we evaluated facial detection in TUD and assessed test-retest reliability for a facial detection task. METHODS: Participants were instructed to detect the orientation (either left or right) of a face when it was presented with a face/non-face pair on the monitor screen, using Bayesian entropy estimation. Bland-Altman analysis and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to test the...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Silva GM, Souto JJ, Fernandes TP, Bonifacio TA, Almeida NL, Gomes GH, Felisberti FM, Santos NA Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Expectations when you are expecting in times of COVID-19.
PMID: 32997077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Miranda DM, Reis ZSN, Romano-Silva MA, Malloy-Diniz L, da Silva AG Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Negative early life experiences as risk factors for suicidal behavior in bipolar disorders.
PMID: 32965429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lafer B, Oquendo MA Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between exposure to toxoplasmosis and major psychiatric disorders: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Although there was no association between exposure to toxoplasmosis and major depressive disorder, the results indicate an association with both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, despite their heterogeneity. Further studies should be performed with more specific variables so that the nature of these relationships can be elucidated. PMID: 32965430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fernandes SM, Dias AR, Miranda-Scippa  Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mood disorder and cancer onset: evidence from a population-based sample of Australian women.
CONCLUSION: Mood disorder was associated with reduced odds of cancer onset. However, this finding was not supported in the retrospective cohort study. Larger studies able to investigate specific cancers and mood disorders as well as underlying mechanisms in both men and women are warranted. PMID: 32965431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cowdery SP, Stuart AL, Pasco JA, Berk M, Campbell D, Bjerkeset O, Williams LJ Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ultra-long-term lithium therapy: all-important matters and a case of successful 50-year lithium treatment.
Abstract This paper discusses essential issues related to long-term lithium therapy and presents a case of successful 50-year lithium treatment. Lithium is currently regarded as the drug of choice for preventing manic and depressive recurrences in bipolar disorder. In 1/3 of patients with bipolar disorder, long-term monotherapy with lithium can completely prevent recurrences of abnormal mood. Numerous clinical and psychosocial factors associated with a good response to lithium have been described. Lithium is more efficacious than other mood stabilizers, and its long-term treatment significantly exceeds them. Lithi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ferensztajn-Rochowiak E, Chłopocka-Woźniak M, Rybakowski JK Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

FK506 binding protein 5 (FKBP5) gene polymorphisms and their relationship with pharmacological response in bipolar disorders.
PMID: 32965433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arnone D Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Improvement in borderline personality disorder symptomatology after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex: preliminary results.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and neuropsychological effects of rTMS on the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC) in BPD patients. METHODS: Fourteen patients with BPD were randomized into two groups (active vs. sham) for 15 sessions of rTMS on the DMPFC. Clinical effects were measured using the Borderline Symptoms List (BSL), Clinical Global Impression Scale for BPD (CGI-BPD), Borderline Evaluation of Severity over Time (BEST), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), and Barratt's Impulsiveness Scale (BIS). Neuropsychological effects were determined by ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Calderón-Moctezuma AR, Reyes-López JV, Rodríguez-Valdés R, Barbosa-Luna M, Ricardo-Garcell J, Espino-Cortés M, Hernández-Chan N, García-Noguez L, Roque-Roque G, Trejo-Cruz G, Cañizares-Gómez S, Hernández-Montiel H Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antidepressants, genetic risk, and the prevention of bipolar disorder.
PMID: 32876129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanches M, Quevedo J, Soares JC Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Working during pandemics: the need for mental health efforts to prevent the outbreak of mental disorders at the workplace.
iz LF PMID: 32876130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: da Silva AG, Pinheiro M, Trés LM, Malloy-Diniz LF Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between poor tolerability of antidepressant treatment and brain functional activation in youth at risk for bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Decreased right amygdala activation in response to emotional distracters is associated with experiencing an antidepressant-related adverse reaction in at-risk youth. Further studies to determine whether amygdala activation is a useful biomarker for antidepressant-related adverse events are needed. PMID: 32876131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nery FG, Masifi SL, Strawn JR, Duran LR, Weber WA, Welge JA, Adler CM, Strakowski SM, DelBello MP Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research