Risk factors related to the global burden of disease in Brazil and its Federated Units, 2015
Conclusion: Dietary risks leads the RF ranking for Brazil and its Federated Units. Men are more exposed to behavioral risk factors, and women are more exposed to metabolic ones. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Increase in the burden of dengue in Brazil and federated units, 2000 and 2015: analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
Conclusion: The marked increase in dengue over the years is associated with the introduction and/or circulation of one or more serotypes of the transmitter virus and an increasing proportion of patients affected by the severe form of the disease. Despite the low mortality rate of the disease in comparison between the years of study, the disease contributes to the loss of healthy years of life in Brazil as it affects a large number of people, from all age groups, causing some degree of disability during the infection and deaths, especially, in children. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The Burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders in Brazil: Global Burden of Disease Study, 1990 and 2015
Conclusion: Despite a low mortality rate, mental and substance use disorders are highly disabling, which indicates the need for preventive and protective actions, especially in primary health care. The generalization of estimates in all the Federated Units obtained from studies conducted mostly in the south and southeast regions probably does not reflect the reality of Brazil, indicating the need for studies in all regions of the country. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

HIV/AIDS Mortality in Brazil, 2000-2015: Are there reasons for concern?
Conclusion: Data regarding mortality due to HIV/AIDS in Brazil should be of concern, regardless of the method used. Differences in magnitude, relative reductions, and ranking can be attributed to methodological differences, but the GBD is broader, with a higher capacity to capture incorrectly classified data and causes of death not registered or not coded as being due to HIV/AIDS. Alternative and complementary data sources can provide important information for HIV/AIDS public policies in Brazil. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Burden of disease by lower respiratory tract infections in Brazil, 1990 to 2015: estimates of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study
Conclusion: Despite the current socioeconomic difficulties, there has been a progressive reduction of the LRTIs load effect in Brazil, mostly in mortality and disability, and among children under 5 years of age. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Road traffic accidents: Global Burden of Disease study, Brazil and federated units, 1990 and 2015
Conclusion: Road traffic accidents are a public health problem. Using death- or disability-adjusted life years in studies of these causes is important because there are still no sources to know the magnitude of sequelae, as well as the weight of early deaths. Since its data are updated every year, the Global Burden of Disease study may provide evidence to formulate traffic sec urity and health attention policies, which are guided to the needs of the federated units and of different groups of traffic users. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Mortality and years of life lost by interpersonal violence and self-harm: in Brazil and Brazilian states: analysis of the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study, 1990 and 2015
Conclusions: The study shows the importance of external causes among young people and men as a cause of premature death and disabilities, which is a priority problem in the country. The Global Burden of Disea se study may support public policies for violence prevention. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Cerebrovascular disease in Brazil from 1990 to 2015: Global Burden of Disease 2015
Conclusion: Despite the reduction of age-adjusted mortality rates throughout the country, cerebrovascular disease still presents a high disease burden, especially in states with lower socioeconomic development. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Variations and particularities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Brazil and Brazilian states in 1990 and 2015: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease
Conclusion: Age-standardized CVD mortality has declined in Brazil in recent decades, but in a heterogeneous way across states and for different specific causes. Considering the burden magnitude and the Brazilian population aging, policies to prevent and manage CVD should continue to be prioritized. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Magnitude and variation of the burden of cancer mortality in Brazil and Federation Units, 1990 and 2015
Conclusion: Differences in the behavior of major cancers, with a decrease mainly in the more developed regions and an increase in the less developed regions of the country, seem to reflect the socioeconomic inequalities as well as difficulties in access to health services by the Brazilian population. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The burden of diabetes and hyperglycemia in Brazil and its states: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
Conclusion: Diabetes and chronic kidney disease due to diabetes, as well as high fasting plasma glucose in general, currently constitute a major and growing public health problem in Brazil. Actions to date for their prevention and control have been slow considering the magnitude of this burden.RESUMO: Introdu ção e objetivo: O projeto Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 estendeu suas análises para incluir unidades federativas brasileiras de maneira separada. Aproveitamos os avanços metodológicos do GBD para descrever a carga atual de diabetes e hiperglicemia no Brasil. Métodos: Uti...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Mortality and disability from tobacco-related diseases in Brazil, 1990 to 2015
Conclusion: Nationwide actions taken in the last decades have had a great effect on reducing mortality from tobacco-related diseases, but there are still major challenges, especially when it comes to women and young people. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Mortality due to cirrhosis, liver cancer, and disorders attributed to alcohol use: Global Burden of Disease in Brazil, 1990 and 2015
Conclusion: The three conditions studied are responsible for a significant burden of premature mortality in Brazil, especially among men and residents of the northeast region. These results reinforce the urgent need for public policies that address harmful alcohol consumption in Brazil. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Leading causes of child mortality in Brazil, in 1990 and 2015: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease study
Conclusion: Under-5 mortality has decreased over the past 25 years, with reduction of regional disparities. However, pregnancy and childbirth-related causes remain as major causes of death, together with congenital anomalies. Intersectoral and specific public health policies must be continued to improve living conditions and health care in order to achieve further reduction of under-5 mortality rates in Brazil. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Quality of mortality statistics’ information: garbage codes as causesof death in Belo Horizonte, 2011-2013
Conclusion: The high proportions of GC in mortality statistics in Belo Horizonte demonstrated its importance for assessing the quality of information on causes of death. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Completeness of death-count coverage and adult mortality (45q15) for Brazilian states from 1980 to 2010
Conclusion: The observed improvements seem to be related to investments in the public health care system and administrative procedures to improve the recording of vital events. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Global Burden of Disease 2015 study: summary of methods used
(Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Burden of disease and health situation analysis: results of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Brazil network
(Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) workflow from the coordinators’ perspective
Conclusion: The coordinators ’ perception regarding their workflow in the SBBrasil 2010 Project was mainly positive. The results may contribute to the improvement of future oral health surveys. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Primary Health Care and tuberculosis: services evaluation
Conclusion: The decentralization of tuberculosis control actions has been taking place in a vertical manner in Primary Health Care. The challenge of controlling tuberculosis involves overcoming constraints related to the engagement, training, and turnover rates among health professionals, which is a coordination between services and monitoring of control actions in Primary Health Care. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported disability: a comparison between genders
Conclusion: Results reinforce the need for a distinct approach, since women of working age and men with lower educational level are more vulnerable to the occurrence of disability. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of a telephone survey of physical activity in Brazil
Conclusion: Physical activity questionnaire used by the surveillance system seems to be reliable in all domains, except in transportation questions. VIGITEL was considered comparable to GPAQ in most aspects of physical activity evaluation. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Sociodemographic factors and functional capacity of elderly affected by stroke
Conclusion: It was seen that demographic factors might interfere with the functional capacity of elderly affected by stroke. Hence, it is believed that this investigation might have contributed to the reflection on this issue, thus supporting the promotion of these people ’ s access to health assistance programs. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Energy and nutrient intake according to away-from-home food consumption in the Northeast Region: an analysis of the 2008-2009 National Dietary Survey
RESUMO: Introdu ção: O consumo de alimentos fora do lar vem crescendo no Brasil, sendo associado a escolhas alimentares menos nutritivas. Objetivo: Descrever a ingestão de energia e nutrientes específicos entre consumidores e não consumidores de alimentos fora do lar, na Região Nordeste. Métodos: Foram analisados dados do Inquérito Nacional de Alimentação (INA), provenientes da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF) 2008-2009, em uma amostra de 11.674 indivíduos residentes na Região Nordeste, que forneceram dois registros alimentare...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Anemia and hemoglobin levels among Indigenous Xavante children, Central Brazil
Conclusion: Elevated levels of anemia among Xavante children reveal a disparity between this Indigenous population and the national Brazilian population. Results suggest that anemia is determined by complex and variable relationships between socioeconomic, sociodemographic, and biological factors. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Oral health self-perception in quilombola communities in Rio Grande do Sul: a cross-sectional exploratory study
Conclusion: Satisfaction with appearance and chewing ability are factors associated with oral-health self-perception of the quilombolas in Rio Grande do Sul. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Adequacy of sphygmomanometer cuff to brachial circumference of people attended in Primary Health Care Centers
RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar a adequa ção do manguito às medidas de circunferência braquial (CB) em pessoas atendidas na Atenção Primária. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico do tipo transversal observacional e quantitativo. Foram observadas 381 medidas de pressão arterial (PA), realizadas por profissionais de enfermagem, em 18 s erviços de Atenção Primária selecionados por sorteio, considerando 2 modalidades de atenção. O uso correto do manguito foi a principal variável de desfecho. A CB foi medida com fita m&eacu...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Balance of macronutrient intake among Brazilian elderly: analysis of the National Dietary Survey 2008-2009
RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a contribui ção de proteína, lipídio e carboidrato no total de energia da dieta de idosos das diferentes regiões brasileiras. Métodos: Foram analisados dados de 4.286 idosos (60 a 104 anos) provenientes da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares 2008/2009. Baseado no consumo obtido por dois registros aliment ares, o programa Multiple Source Method estimou o consumo habitual de macronutrientes e gordura saturada. As recomendações do Institute of Medicine (IOM), segundo os Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR), foram utilizadas ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Psychotropic drug use among older adults: prevalence and associated factors
Conclusion: The prevalence observed was similar to the one verified in other elderly Brazilian populations and the pattern of associated factors was consistent with the one detected for older populations of higher-income countries. Medical diagnosis of depression was the factor most strongly associated with psychotropic drug use. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Social inequalities in the prevalence of common mental disorders in adults: a population-based study in Southern Brazil
Conclusion: CMD is relatively high among population subgroups most vulnerable to social inequalities and with worse conditions related to health indicators.RESUMO: Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a preval ência e os fatores associados com Transtornos Mentais Comuns (TMC) entre adultos de Florianópolis, Sul do Brasil. Métodos: Estudo de base populacional conduzido com 1.720 adultos de 20 a 59 anos. Os TMC foram investigados pelo Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). As variáveis independentes f oram as demográficas, socioeconômicas, comportamentos relacionados com a sa&...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Brazilian population’s intake of antioxidant nutrients and their relation with the nutritional status
Conclusion: High percentages of insufficient intake of antioxidant nutrients were observed in the studied population, especially vitamins. It was also found that the intake of antioxidant nutrients varied based on nutritional status, gender, and life stage. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its associated factors in the Brazilian adult population: evidence from a population-based survey
RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a preval ência de diabetes mellitus (DM) autorreferida e fatores associados na população adulta brasileira. Métodos: A prevalência de DM foi aferida na Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD), um survey nacional com representatividade para as macrorregiões, conduzido em 2008. Foram entre vistados 12.423 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com idade igual ou superior a 20 anos. Para a identificação de fatores associados, foi realizado teste do χ 2 ao n ível 5,0% e calculadas as razões de chance ajustadas por...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Sanitation and racial inequality conditions in urban Brazil: an analysis focused on the indigenous population based on the 2010 Population Census
Conclusion: The analyses of this study not only confirm the profile of poor conditions and infrastructure of the basic sanitation of indigenous households in urban areas, but also demonstrate the persistence of inequalities associated with race or color in the country. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 12, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The impact of the type of hospital and delivery on the gestational age in São Paulo city, 2013-2014
RESUMO: Introdu ção: Foi observado que em muitos países, nos últimos anos, houve redução da proporção de nascimentos com 40 semanas e desvio à esquerda da curva de distribuição da idade gestacional (IG), quando comparada ao padrão esperado. Objetivo: Estudar o padrão de distribuição da idade gesta cional nos nascimentos do Município de São Paulo (MSP) e sua relação com o tipo de hospital e tipo de parto. Métodos: Foram extraídos dados do Sistema de Informações sobr...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Bullying and associated factors in adolescents in the Southeast region according to the National School-based Health Survey
RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a preval ência de bullying, sob a perspectiva da vítima, em escolares da Região Sudeste e analisar sua associação com variáveis individuais e de contexto familiar. Métodos: Analisadas informações de 19.660 adolescentes da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE), calculando-se associação e ntre bullying e variáveis sociodemográficas, comportamentos de risco, saúde mental e contexto familiar. Foram realizadas análises multivariadas e efetuado cálculo odds ratio (OR), com respec...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Potential effectiveness of strategies to promote oral health in primary health care: comparative study among Brazilian capitals and regions
Conclusions: The OHP strategies identified in the study were heterogeneous, with better results favoring the Southeast regions, with disadvantages for people living in capitals from the Central-North-Northeast of Brazil. Efforts should be undertaken aiming to qualify the PHC teams, especially for those in disadvantageous regions. Therefore, an alignment of PSB strategies to the principles and values of health promotion is required, addressed to the social health determinants (SHDs) and in order to fight the inequalities in oral health. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Regional differences and factors associated with the number of prenatal visits in Brazil: analysis of the Information System on Live Births in 2013
Conclusion: Although Brazil has a Unified Health System that provides universal prenatal care, the use of this service is uneven according to geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic characteristics. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Urban transmission of schistosomiasis: new epidemiological situation in the forest area of Pernambuco
Conclusion: This study verified the existence of a new epidemiological situation in which the possibility of the urban transmission of the disease was confirmed. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The ethics of in vivo calibrations in oral health surveys
Conclusion: The ethics of a research also derives from its methodological rigor; the training process; and calibration in particular, is a fundamental technical and ethical requirement in surveys such as the SBBrasil 2010. The unease of the volunteers in face of test repetition does not ethically invalidate the in vivo calibration, but mechanisms to minimize it must be developed. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Chagas disease transmission by consumption of game meat: systematic review
Conclusion: Though CD transmission is uncommon, hunting and consumption of wild mammals that serve as Trypanosoma cruzi reservoirs should be discouraged in endemic countries in light of the risks inherent to these practices. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Colorectal cancer prevalence linked to human papillomavirus: a systematic review with meta-analysis
Conclusion: After conducting the present study, the link between HPV and colorectal cancer was made evident, without a distinction between the sexes, with similar values between HPV 16 and HPV 18. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Incidence and mortality from colon and rectal cancer in Midwestern Brazil
Conclusion: There is limited data available on the incidence of colon and rectal cancer for the Midwest region of Brazil. Colon cancer mortality has generally increased for both genders, but similar data were not verified for rectal cancer. The findings presented herein demonstrate the necessity for organized screening programs for colon and rectal cancer in Midwestern Brazil.RESUMO: Objetivo: Descrever o perfil do c âncer de cólon e reto no Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Métodos: Os dados de incidência foram obtidos dos Registros de Câncer de Base Populacional (RCBP) de acordo com o período...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Ten-year survival and prognostic factors for breast cancer in the southeast region of Brazil
Conclusion: These findings reinforce the need of adopting actions that ensure access of the target population to the recommended diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, thus contributing to achieve earlier diagnosis and better survival rates. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Quality and completeness improvement of the Population-based Cancer Registry of São Paulo: linkage technique use
RESUMO: A disponibilidade de grandes bases de dados informatizadas em sa úde tornou a técnica de linkage uma alternativa para diferentes tipos de estudos, proporcionando a geração de uma base de dados mais completa e de baixo custo operacional. Objetivo: Melhorar a qualidade e a completitude dos casos incidentes de câncer por meio dos linkages probabilístico e de terminístico entre o Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de São Paulo (RCBP-SP), o banco de dados de óbitos e de Autorização e Procedimentos de Alta Complexidade. Método: ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Violence against women in different stages of the life cycle in Brazil: an exploratory study
RESUMO: Objetivo: Descrever o perfil da viol ência contra mulheres em diferentes ciclos de vida, de acordo com as características sociodemográficas das vítimas e dos agressores. Métodos: Estudo transversal e exploratório realizado com base em 1.388 registros de ocorrências, durante período de quatro anos, em uma região metropolitana do Nordeste do Brasil. A variável dependente foi o tipo de agressão sofrido pelas vítimas. As variáveis independentes foram as características sociodemográficas das vítimas e dos agress...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Adherence to the follow-up of the newborn exposed to syphilis and factors associated with loss to follow-up
Conclusion: Such findings demonstrate the need to identify these families and implement strategies to promote the establishment of bonds. A greater rigor to indicate the treatment of the disease at birth is recommended, as most of them do not properly follow up. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Use of primary diagnosis during hospitalization in the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde) to qualify information regarding the underlying cause of natural deaths among the elderly
RESUMO: Introdu ção: Causas mal definidas de morte destacam-se entre idosos devido à alta frequência de comorbidades e consequente dificuldade de definir a causa básica. Objetivo: Analisar a validade e a confiabilidade da informação “ diagn óstico principal ” da interna ção hospitalar para recuperação da causa de morte natural de idosos que tiveram originalmente “ causas mal definidas ” como causa b ásica nas Declarações de Óbito, ocorridas no estado do Rio de Janeiro, em 2006. Métod...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Providers’ compliance with practice guidelines of prenatal and neonatal care to reduce neonatal mortality: 2004 versus 2012
RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar a ades ão dos profissionais de saúde a práticas de assistência pré-natal e neonatal para reduzir a mortalidade neonatal. Métodos: Estudo não controlado, do tipo antes-e-depois, que avaliou a mudança ocorrida entre os anos 2004 e 2012, após as intervenções propostas pelo Comitê Municipal de In vestigação de Óbitos Infantis, Fetais e de Morte Materna (COMAI) na cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, na frequência de indicadores de processo de melhoria na assistência perinatal. Foram estu...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Depression among the elderly: a population-based study in Southern Brazil
This study assessed the prevalence of depression and associated factors among Brazilian elderly in Arroio Trinta, Southern Brazil. During home visits, a questionnaire was administered to all people aged 60 or older living in the municipality in 2013. The Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (GDS-15) was used. The χ 2 test was performed to compare proportions and Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance in the multivariate analysis. The effect measure applied was the prevalence ratio. The prevalence of depression among 552 (out of 568) elderly studied was 20.4% (95%CI 17.3 - 23.8). An adjusted analysis con...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 26, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Response to the debate: "The use of ICF in health research: a reflection on limits and possibilities"
RESUMO: No Brasil, em 2012, 6,4% da popula ção carcerária era constituida por mulheres. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a cobertura do exame de Papanicolaou segundo características sociodemográficas e problemas de saúde referidos entre mulheres encarceradas. Estudo transversal realizado entre agosto de 2012 e julho de 2013. Consider aram-se os registros de 702 reeducandas com idade entre 25 e 64 anos de idade e tempo de reclusão igual ou superior a 12 meses. A média de idade das mulheres entrevistadas foi de 34,7 anos. A realização de citologia onc&oa...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - November 10, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research