An evaluation of Primary Health Care from the users’ perspective: reflections on the usage of the Primary Care Assessment Tool-Brazil in telephone surveys
Conclusion: The use of the reduced version of the PCATool in a telephone survey and with small adaptations to the local reality, showed a new possibility for the evaluation of PHC services, and may become useful in the management of health services. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Temporal trend in the prevalence of indicators related to driving a motor vehicle after alcohol consumption, between 2007 and 2018
RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a tend ência temporal da prevalência de indicadores relacionados à condução de veículos motorizados após o consumo de bebida alcoólica, na população em geral e entre motoristas. Métodos: Estudo de tendência temporal de indicadores relacionados à condução de veículos motorizados após o co nsumo de bebida alcoólica, entre 2007 e 2018, com base nas informações do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crôn...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Helmet use and injury severity among crashed motorcyclists in Brazilian state capitals: an analysis of the violence an accidents survey 2017
Conclusion: Young, male, black individuals and those with low education were the most frequent victims of accidents. Helmet use was protective for severe injuries. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Female motorcycle mortality in Brazilian municipalities, 2005, 2010 and 2015
Conclusion: The analysis clearly shows concentrations of municipalities with higher mortality, while also showing that the phenomenon has spread to a greater number of municipalities. The studied period allows the identification of different dynamics in female mortality, in a period of significant variation in mortality due to motorcycle accidents. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Aggressions in urgency and emergency care in Brazilian capitals: perspectives of 2011, 2014 and 2017 VIVA Survey
Conclusions: The VIVA Survey is an important tool for Brazil ’ s Violence and Accident Surveillance System, providing evidence for public health decision-making and for coping with and preventing violence. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Profile of care for violence against the elderly in urgency and emergency services: VIVA analysis Survey 2017
RESUMO: Objetivos: Caracterizar o perfil das ocorr ências de violência contra os idosos e investigar a associação entre fatores demográficos das vítimas e características da ocorrência. Métodos: Estudo transversal, utilizando dados do inquérito Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes (VIVA), realizado em serviços de emergência em 2017. Foi realizada análise descritiva das características de violência, segundo fatores demográficos, seguida da análise de correspondência, visando identificar as prin...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Analysis of notifications of intimate partner violence against women, Brazil, 2011-2017
Conclusion: Most reports of violence against women recorded in health services were perpetrated by an intimate partner, especially physical, psychological and sexual violence. It was possible to identify factors associated with IPV such as age, education, pregnancy, occurrence at home, recurrence and alcohol consumption by the aggressor. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Profile of notification of violence against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transvestite and Transsexual people recorded in the National Information System on Notifiable Diseases, Brazil, 2015-2017
Conclusion: This study expands knowledge of violence against LGBT people in Brazil, reinforces the need to report these events and improve quality of information on individual ’ s sexual orientation and gender identity in order to produce evidence to support actions to tackle this problem. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Profile of cases due to burn attended in emergency care units in Brazilian capitals in 2017
Conclusions: The results point to the need for oriented actions in the field of health education, as well as labor regulation and supervision. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Violence against adolescents: analysis of health sector notifications, Brazil, 2011-2017
Conclusions: Sexual violence occurred predominantly against females and generated significant negative impacts on mental, physical, sexual and reproductive health. Community violence, perpetrated with sharp objects and firearms, were prominent among males and are important risk factors for male over-mortality. Because the problems are complex, addressing them requires intersectoral actions. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Risk and protective factors related to domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents
Conclusion: Intrafamily violence against adolescents is related to family interactions, psychoactive substance use and violence in the school environment. Thus, it reveals the importance of the participation of parents and guardians in the prevention of violence and risk behaviors in the lives of Brazilian adolescents. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Wounded adolescences: a portrait of firearm violence reported in Brazil
Conclusion: Firearm violence is a major public health problem in adolescents . Attacks on the disarmament statute and the loosening of gun possession and ownership directly confront the present and future of children and adolescents. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The pursuit of peaceful and inclusive societies until 2030
(Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Initial analysis of the spatial correlation between the incidence of COVID-19 and human development in the municipalities of the state of Ceará in Brazil
Conclusion: The uneven mapping of COVID-19 and its relationship with MHDI in Ceará can contribute to action s to regional combat the pandemic. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Deaths due to COVID-19 in Brazil: how many are there and which are being identified?
Conclusion: The use of a time series of deaths due to COVID-19 referenced to the date of the event allows a better understanding of the effects of the SDS on the progression of the COVID-19 epidemic i n São Paulo State, Brazil.RESUMO: Introdu ção: Demonstrar os resultados das estratégias de distanciamento social (EDS) tornou-se um fator relevante para obter apoio da população do estado de São Paulo e do Brasil. A demora no processamento dos testes do tipo RCP e o pequeno número de testes disponíveis limita a capacidade das autor idades sanitárias de disp...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Social distancing in São Paulo State: demonstrating the reduction in cases using time series analysis of deaths due to COVID-19
Conclusion: The use of a time series of deaths due to COVID-19 referenced to the date of the event allows a better understanding of the effects of the SDS on the progression of the COVID-19 epidemic i n São Paulo State, Brazil.RESUMO: Introdu ção: Demonstrar os resultados das estratégias de distanciamento social (EDS) tornou-se um fator relevante para obter apoio da população do estado de São Paulo e do Brasil. A demora no processamento dos testes do tipo RCP e o pequeno número de testes disponíveis limita a capacidade das autor idades sanitárias de disp...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Nationwide use of psychotropic drugs for treatment of self-reported depression in the Brazilian urban adult population
Conclusion: Depression in Brazil, is common among young adults as a single chronic disease and highly prevalent among people with chronic multimorbidity, especially the young. The treatment gap was larger among young people and in the less developed regions of the country.RESUMO: Objetivo: O uso de antidepressivos est á aumentando em todo o mundo, mas faltam dados nacionais sobre o uso de drogas psicotrópicas por pacientes deprimidos no Brasil. Metodologia: Entre 2013 e 2014, uma amostra representativa de indivíduos adultos urbanos foi questionada sobre a presença diagnóstica de doen&cced...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Translation and cultural adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) and reliability assessment
Conclusion: FINDRISC was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and culturally adapted following standard procedures. FINDRISC-Br has thus become available for use and has potential as a screening tool in different Brazilian settings and applications.RESUMO: Introdu ção: O Escore Finlandês de Risco de Diabetes (FINDRISC) é um instrumento que inicialmente foi desenvolvido para predizer o risco de desenvolver diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em adultos. Esse instrumento é simples, rápido de aplicar, não invasivo e de baixo custo. Os objetivos deste estudo foram d escrever o processo de t...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Factors associated with chronic kidney disease: epidemiological survey of the National Health Survey
RESUMO: Objetivos: Identificar a preval ência da doença renal crônica (DRC) autorreferida no Brasil e caracterizar os fatores associados a essa enfermidade. Métodos: Trata-se de um inquérito epidemiológico de base domiciliar, a Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) realizada em 2013. O desfecho analisado foi a prevalência de DRC. Os grupos de variáveis explicativas foram: características sociodemográficas, estilos de vida, doenças crônicas autorreferidas, antropometria e avaliação de saúde. Foram estimadas as prevalê...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Disability on performing daily living activities in the elderly and history of falls: an analysis of the National Health Survey, 2013
Conclusion: Thus, the results obtained in the NHS reinforce the planning of preventive strategies considering the functional dependence.RESUMO: Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a associa ção entre os tipos de dependência para as atividades básicas e instrumentais de vida diária e a ocorrência de quedas de idosos. Metodologia: Estudo transversal, de base populacional, com a utilização dos dados de 23.815 idosos, extraídos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) de 2013. A PNS , realizada pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (I...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Internal construct validity of the Brazilian version of a tool for assessing the population’s knowledge of human papillomavirus
Conclusion: The Brazilian Portuguese version under study presented a different behavior from the original measurement tool, but proved to be a reliable and valid instrument in assessing the Brazilian population ’ s knowledge about HPV.RESUMO: Objetivo: Verificar a validade interna do construto da vers ão em português de uma ferramenta para aferir o conhecimento da população sobre o papilomavírus humano (HPV). Materiais e métodos: Uma versão brasileira transculturalmente adaptada de uma ferramenta de aferição de conhecimento sobre HPV originalmente projetad...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Women and evaluation of inequalities in the distribution of risk factors for Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD), Vigitel 2016-2017
Conclusion: Worst indicators among women receiving BF reflect social inequalities inherent in this most vulnerable group. The study also shows that BF is being targeted at the most vulnerabl e women. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypertension in adults in the city of São Paulo and associated factors
Conclusion: The prevalence of self-reported hypertension increased significantly in the study period. Considering this disease ’ s impact on society, knowing its current prevalence and identifying its main associated factors, the need to intensify the efforts to prevent it disease is evident in order to mitigate damage to individuals and impact on public expenditure. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Gingivitis influences oral health-related quality of life in adolescents: findings from a cohort study
Conclusions: The findings indicate that gingivitis negatively impacts the adolescents ’ OHRQoL. Moreover, gender, maternal schooling and household income were also associated with OHRQoL.RESUMO: Introdu ção: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) é afetada por diferentes condições clínicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da gengivite na QVRSB de adolescentes. Metodologia: Este estudo de coorte consistiu em uma amostra aleatória de 1.134 escolares iniciado em 2 012, na cidade de Santa Maria, Brasil. Após dois anos, 743 ad...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Basic sanitation and self-reported health in Brazilian capitals: a multilevel analysis
Conclusion: The positive association between better sanitation conditions and health, independently of the individual factors and the socioeconomic characteristics of the place of residence, confirms the need to consider sanitation in the planning of health policies. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Psychosocial aspects and the impact of oral health on quality of life of Brazilian adults
Conclusions: The findings suggest that psychosocial aspects can influence the perceived impact of oral health on quality of life. Health policies, programs, and services must recognize the mutual relationship between oral health indicators and psychosocial aspects among adults. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 5, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Trend of social iniquities in reports of sexual violence in Brazil between 2010 and 2014
Conclusion: The lack of public policies on social equity in health has interfered with reports of sexual violence in the country and has widened health inequities. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Occurrence of combined pain in the lumbar spine, pelvic girdle and pubic symphysis among pregnant women in the extreme south of Brazil
Conclusion: This study provided a detailed description of the occurrence of the evaluated outcomes and its associated factors. Studies like this are rare in Brazil, especially a census with low rates of losses and refusals. The high prevalence of the evaluated symptoms suggests that it should be investigated routinely in prenatal care, taking into account the age of the pregnant women, depressive symptoms and those experiencing combined or intense pain. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Exposure to Community and Family violence and self-rated health in the Brazilian population
Conclusion: The cumulative effect of exposure to family/known and community/unknown violence enhances the negative assessment of health status. Health professionals must be aware of the multivitaminization and its impact on the health of victims who access health services. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Depression as a mediator between intimate partner violence and postpartum sexual issues: a structural analysis
Conclusion: Longitudinal studies that include other mediators may provide a better understanding of the causal chain and elucidate variables that influence postpartum sexuality issues. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Spatio-temporal analysis of leptospirosis in Eastern Amazon, State of Pará, Brazil
Conclusion: Further studies are needed to help identify the risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of leptospirosis in the State of Pará, particularly in areas with lower population density.RESUMO: Introdu ção: O Brasil registrou mais de 62 mil casos de leptospirose confirmados entre 2001 e 2017, com mais de 2.000 casos confirmados no estado do Pará. Apesar da grande quantidade de casos, nenhum estudo até este momento traçou o perfil espaço-temporal da doença. Metodologia: Este é um estudo espaço-temporal com base nos casos confirmados de leptosp...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Decrease in blood donation rates in Japan: a time series analysis
Conclusion: One of the causes for decrease in BD rates may be due to the introduction of the 400 ml BD program in Japan.RESUMO: Objetivo: Esclarecer que uma das causas para a diminui ção das taxas de doação de sangue (BP) foi a introdução do programa de doação de sangue BP de 400 mL em 1986. Método: As taxas de BP foram monitoradas ao longo de 48 anos (1965-2012) e divididas em períodos pré e pós-intervenção antes da análise. Uma análise de séries temporais in terrompidas foi realizada usando dados anuais ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Agreement between nutritional status and perception of body image in indigenous Khisêdjê of the Xingu Indigenous Park
RESUMO: Objetivos: Verificar a concord ância entre autoimagem corporal (escala de silhuetas de Stunkard et al.) e estado nutricional e avaliar a satisfação corporal em indígenas khisêdjê do Parque Indígena do Xingu. Métodos: Estudo transversal que incluiu 131 indígenas khisêdjê, com 20 anos ou mais. Coletaram-se dados sobre imagem corporal, índice de massa corporal e perímetro da cintura. Foram utilizados a estatística kappa, o teste χ 2 (p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome: physical inactivity and socioeconomic inequalities among non-institutionalized Brazilian elderly
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that physical activity and schooling are significantly associated with MetS, highlighting the importance of these factors for the control of this syndrome. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Weight gain and changes in nutritional status of Brazilian adults after 20 years of age: a time-trend analysis (2006-2012)
Conclusion: The Brazilian population displayed progressive WG in adulthood, especially in the first decade after the age of 20, in addition to the period effect. On the other hand, individuals with normal weight in their 20s tended to maintain the same condition. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - June 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Medicines’ private costs among elderly and the impairment of family income in a medium-sized municipality in the state of São Paulo
Conclusion: The prevalence of drug use was low. The cost generated by the purchase of medicines is one of the ways in which inequality can manifest in society. The expansion of free drug provision would be necessary to expand access and avoid spending, especially those who have private health plans but cannot afford drug treatment. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Eating habits, physical activity and sedentary behavior among Brazilian schoolchildren: National Student Health Survey, 2015
Conclusion: An association of unhealthy attitudes with sociodemographic characteristics was observed among schoolchildren. Strategies that focus on reducing these behaviors will contribute to health promotion actions in the school and family environments. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Overweight and obesity and associated factors in adults in a poor urban area of Northeastern Brazil
RESUMO: Introdu ção: As mudanças produzidas no processo saúde/doença, sobretudo no campo da nutrição, corroboram a substituição das carências nutricionais com emergência do excesso de peso (sobrepeso/obesidade). Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência e fatores associados ao excesso de peso em adultos resid entes em uma área urbana carente do Recife, Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal analítico, com uma amostra de 644 adultos de 20 a 59 anos. Analisaram possíveis associações do exc...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Trend in dietary patterns among adults from Brazilian state capitals
Conclusion: Public policies targeting the population with lower schooling and men are necessary due to their greater adherence to unhealthy dietary patterns. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Physical activity in leisure-time and perceived environment: a population-based study with adults and the elderly from Southern Brazil
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that social support, access to facilities and good perception of safety were associated with PA, and were more prominent for leisure walking and for women. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Occupational exposure to organophosphate pesticides and hematologic neoplasms: a systematic review
Conclusion: Occupational exposure to organophosphates increases the risk of hematologic malignancies, especially among individuals with longer exposure periods. Worker monitoring and exposure control measures are recommended. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Pesticide exposure: a population-based study in a rural area in southern Brazil
RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a preval ência de exposição a agrotóxicos e fatores associados entre moradores de zona rural. Métodos: Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com 1.518 indivíduos, em 2016. Foram aleatoriamente selecionados 24 setores censitários de oito distritos rurais de Pelotas, RS. Indivíduos ≥ 18 anos residentes nos domic ílios aleatoriamente selecionados eram elegíveis. Foi realizada análise descritiva e apresentada prevalência de contato com os agrotóxicos. A associação entre desfecho e vari...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Recommendation and use of ferrous sulphate in 12- and 24-month-old children: evaluation in the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort
Conclusion: There was a low frequency of recommendation and low rate of use of iron among children. These findings are highly relevant given the high prevalence of anemia observed in children this year. The low recommendation of iron use among children up to 24 months of age, and the low use among those who are recommended to use it reflect the need for coordinated actions among health professionals and the expansion of knowledge among mothers to enable a wider reach of this important public policy. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of use and sources of antihypertensive medicine in Brazil: an analysis of the VIGITEL telephone survey
Conclusions: The prevalence of medication use remained high and there was a change in the pattern of use according to sources, demonstrating migration between SUS pharmacies to the PFPB, and suggesting a reduction in the availability of medicines from public pharmacies universally, and for free. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Use of medicines by adults in primary care: Survey on health services in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Conclusion: This study can contribute to improving primary care, where it identified problems related to the extent of medication use, especially among young adults and the elderly in Minas Gerais. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Breastfeeding and risk classification of medications used during hospitalization for delivery: 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort
Conclusion: There was extensive use of drugs by mothers in labor during admission, most of the drugs being classified at the same risk and almost half classified as compatible with breastfeeding. However, there was disagreement between the sources for 19.6% of the drugs analyzed, which could endanger the infant ’ s health or leave doubts about the use of the drug or breastfeeding. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Poisoning and associated factors to death from pesticides: case-control study, Brazil, 2017
Conclusion: Out of 100 pesticides poisoning, four died. Elderly, males, working in the agricultural sector, suicide attempts and extremely hazardous products had a higher risk of death. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Epidemiology and burden of chronic respiratory diseases in Brazil from 1990 to 2017: analysis for the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study
Conclusion: In Brazil, although mortality, prevalence and incidence for chronic respiratory diseases have decreased over the years, attention should be taken to the DALYs increase. Smoking remained as the main risk factor, despite the significant decrease of tobacco use, reinforcing the need for maintenance of policies and programs directed at its cessation.RESUMO: Introdu ção: No Brasil, pouco se sabe sobre as tendências das doenças respiratórias crônicas, que foram estimadas como a terceira principal causa de mortes em 2017 em todo o mundo. Métodos: Analisamos as estimativas...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Increased use of benzodiazepines among older adults: Bambuí Project
Conclusion: This study showed an important increase in benzodiazepine use in an older adult population. These results are concerning as these drugs are contraindicated for use in older adults, mainly if used chronically, and are available in the national list of essential medicines. Health professionals should be aware of the risks involved in its use regarding this population. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Off-label use of drugs by age in Brazilian children: a population study
Conclusion: The off-label use of drugs by age is common in the Brazilian pediatric population, especially among children under two years old. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - May 11, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research