Convergence in alcohol abuse in Brazilian capitals between genders, 2006 to 2019: what population surveys show
ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of the prevalence of alcohol abuse among adults in Brazilian capitals, between 2006 and 2019. Methods: Time series study, based on data from the Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), between 2006 and 2019. The population consisted of adults ( ≥ 18 years old) with landline telephone residing in Brazilian capitals. The trend analysis was performed by linear regression. Results: Between 2006 and 2019 there was a significant increase (p = 0.03) in the abusive consumption of alcoholic beverages in the total ad...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Methodological proposal for the redistribution of deaths due to garbage codes in mortality estimates for Noncommunicable Chronic Diseases
Conclusion: Methodological studies that propose correction and improvement of the MIS are essential for monitoring mortality rates due to NCD at regional levels. The methodological proposal applied, for the first time in real data from Brazilian municipalities, is challenging and deserves further improvements. Improving the quality of the data is essential in order to build more accurate estimates based on the raw data from the SIM.RESUMO: Objetivo: Propor m étodo para melhoria das estimativas de mortalidade por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, incluindo a redistribuição ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Premature mortality due to non-communicable diseases in Brazilian municipalities estimated for the three-year periods of 2010 to 2012 and 2015 to 2017
Conclusion: Spatial and temporal distribution of premature mortality rates due to NCDs differed between Brazilian municipalities and regions in the three-year periods evaluated. The South and Southeast had decreased rates of deaths due to cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases, as well as diabetes. The North and Northeast had increased rates of deaths due to cancer. There was an increase in the rate of deaths due to diabetes in the Central-West.RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a mortalidade prematura por doen ças crônicas não transmissíveis nos municípios brasileiros. Métodos: Est...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Estimates of hypertension and diabetes mellitus prevalence according to Health Vulnerability Index in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
Conclusion: The adult population living in areas at high risk for health had a higher prevalence of hypertension and diabetes compared to those with a lower risk.RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar as preval ências de hipertensão e diabetes para pequenas áreas em Belo Horizonte, MG, segundo o índice de vulnerabilidade da saúde (IVS). Métodos: Estudo ecológico com dados do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico realizado em Belo Horizonte, nos anos de 2006 a 2013. Foi avaliado o di...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable consumption, leisure-time physical activity and binge drinking in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, according to the Health Vulnerability Index
Conclusion: It was identified a gradient in the distribution of risk and protection factors for noncommunicable diseases in Belo Horizonte according to the risk classification. This information can support programs aimed at reducing health inequalities, especially in the most vulnerable areas.RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a preval ência de consumo de frutas e hortaliças, prática de atividade física no tempo livre (AFTL) e consumo abusivo de bebida alcoólica para pequenas áreas de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Métodos: Estudo ecológico realizado com dados do Sistema de Vigi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Distribution of indicators for chronic non-communicable diseases in adult women beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program — Vigitel 2016–2019
Conclusion: NCD risk factors were higher among women beneficiaries of Bolsa Fam ília, indicating the importance of maintaining affirmative policies for this vulnerable population.RESUMO: Objetivo: Comparar a preval ência e a tendência dos fatores de risco e proteção de Doenças Crônicas Não Transmissíveis (DCNTs) entre mulheres beneficiárias e não beneficiárias do Bolsa Família no período de 2016 a 2019. Métodos: Estudo transversal e de série temporal. Foram estimadas as prevalências e as razõ es de prev...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Mortality due to garbage codes in Brazilian municipalities: differences in rate estimates by the direct and Bayesian methods from 2015 to 2017
Conclusion: There are differences in the quality of the definition of the underlying causes of death, even with the use of Bayesian methodology, which assists in smoothing the rates. The quality of the definition of causes of death is imp ortant, as they are associated with the access to and quality of healthcare services and support health planning.RESUMO: Objetivo: Gerar estimativas das taxas de mortalidade por causas garbage (CG) para os munic ípios do Brasil, fazendo a comparação entre o método direto e o Bayesiano, tendo como base os óbitos registrados no Sistema de Informaç&o...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Social vulnerability associated with the self-reported diagnosis of type II diabetes: a multilevel analysis
Conclusion: Characteristics of physical and social environments were associated with the chance of diabetes occurrence. Urban centers with opportunities to adopt healthy behaviors can help to reduce the occurrence of diabetes and its complications.RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar os fatores contextuais associados ao diabetes mellitus tipo II em Belo Horizonte (MG). M étodos: Estudo transversal com 5.779 adultos residentes em Belo Horizonte, participantes do Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico, nos anos de 2008, 20...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Spatial patterns of avoidable fetal mortality and social deprivation
Conclusion: The spatial analysis identified areas with the highest risk for fetal mortality. The social deprivation index listed some determinants of fetal d eaths in areas with worse living conditions. Priority areas for intervention in public policies to reduce fetal mortality and its determinants were detected.RESUMO: Objetivo: Elaborar um índice de carência social para a estratificação dos municípios e a identificação de áreas prioritárias para a redução da mortalidade fetal. Métodos: Estudo ecológico, realizado no estado de Perna...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of tuberculosis and its relationship with socioeconomic indicators in a medium-sized city in Minas Gerais
Conclusion: The dynamics of tuberculosis transmission in Juiz de Fora may be explained by the maintenance of social inequality and urban space organization process.RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar o padr ão espacial da tuberculose e sua relação com indicadores socioeconômicos, entre 2008 e 2015, em um município considerado prioritário para o controle da tuberculose pelo Programa Nacional de Controle da Tuberculose, Juiz de Fora (MG). Métodos: Estudo ecológico no qual as unidades de análise foram as 81 regiões urbanas de Juiz de Fora. Foram usados dados secund&a...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

External validation of the estimate of prevalence of smokers in small areas by Vigitel, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Conclusion: The study points out that the estimates of smokers were similar in both surveys, showing the external validity of Vigitel. There was a gradient in prevalence, with progressive increase, identifying a higher proportion of smokers in high-risk areas.RESUMO: Objetivo: Validar as estimativas de adultos fumantes produzidas pelo Sistema de Vigil ância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por inquérito telefônico (Vigitel) para pequenas áreas, definidas pelo Índice de Vulnerabilidade à Saúde (IVS). Métodos: A base de dados...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Spatial and temporal distribution of cancer mortality in a Brazilian Legal Amazon State between 2000 and 2015
Conclusion: There was an increase in cancer mortality and an increase in the proportion of municipalities with higher mortality rates. Higher density of cancer mortality occurred in the municipalities located in the West, Center-South, Southeast, and Center-North regions of the state.RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a distribui ção espacial das taxas quadrimestrais de mortalidade por câncer no estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, no período de 2000 a 2015. Métodos: Estudo de desenho ecológico, no qual foi analisada a mortalidade por neoplasia, de 2000 a 2015, para os municípios do estado...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Relationship between GDP per capita and traffic accidents in Brazilian municipalities in 2005, 2010 and 2015
Conclusion: Similar to what was observed in developed countries, the relation between mortality by traffic accidents and GDP changed in the analyzed period.RESUMO: Objetivo: O artigo pretende analisar a rela ção entre o produto interno bruto (PIB) per capita e três variáveis relacionadas aos acidentes de transporte (AT) nos municípios brasileiros: a mortalidade por AT, as mortes por veículo e o número de veículos por pessoa. Métodos: As taxas de mortalidade por AT foram estimadas (2005, 2010 e 2015) por meio do estimador bayesiano empírico (EBE). A taxa d...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Trends in sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with sedentary behavior among Brazilian adults
ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with screen-based sedentary behavior (watching television ≥ 3 hours/day) among adult individuals in Brazil. Methods: Quantitative analysis of ten editions of the cross-sectional health survey VIGITEL, representative at the population level. Individuals from states ’ capitals living in households with land-line telephone were randomly selected and interviewed with a structured questionnaire, through the telephone. A multivariate logistic regression model was estimated for identification of factors associated with screen-based sedentar...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Survival time and distance to access specialized treatment among people living with HIV/Aids in the state of Alagoas, Brazil
Conclusion: Living in or near the capital decreases the average relative risk of death. In order to increase the survival time of HIV/Aids patients in Alagoas, it is suggested to decentralize specialized health care, that is, to create regional centers to care for these people.RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da dist ância entre o local de residência e de tratamento especializado sobre o tempo de sobrevida de pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids em Alagoas, Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: Utilizaram-se dados dos sistemas de notificação e mortalidade relacionados a indivíduos com idade ≥ 13...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The geography of femicide in Sergipe, Brazil: matriarchy, human development, and income distribution
ABSTRACT: Aim: This research analyzed a joint spatial distribution and explored the possible associations between epidemiological aspects and feminicide rates, in towns of the Sergipe State in Northeastern Brazil. Methodology: An exploratory ecological study investigated the global spatial autocorrelation of epidemiological aspects with femicide rates from towns in Sergipe State, Brazil, (n = 75), in the 2013 – 2017 period, using the “ global ” and “ local ” Moran statistic method and a multiple spatial regression. The exposure variables included socioeconomic and demographic conditions, servi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Fetal and infant mortality trends according to the avoidability of causes of death and maternal education
ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate trends of fetal (FMR) and neonatal (NMR) mortality rates due to avoidable causes and maternal education in the city of Rio de Janeiro (2000 – 2018). Methods: Ecological time series study. Mortality and Live Birth Information System Data. The List of Avoidable Causes of Death Due to Interventions of the Brazilian Health System was used for neonatal deaths and an adaptation for fetal deaths, according to maternal education indicators (low
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of leisure-time physical activity in an urban area
Conclusion: The results evidenced a cluster of high prevalence of LTPA in a privileged physical and socioeconomic environment in Belo Horizonte, even after adjustments, demonstrating that reducing inequalities can increase LTPA.RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a distribui ção espacial da prevalência da prática de atividade física (AF) no lazer suficiente em uma área urbana brasileira, no período de 2008 a 2010, e verificar se ela é influenciada por características dos ambientes físico e social. Métodos: Estudo transversal com dados do sistema de Vigil&ac...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of congenital anomalies at birth among live births in the state of Maranhão from 2001 to 2016: temporal and spatial analysis
Conclusion: The prevalence at birth of total CAs was lower than expected for major human defects (3%). The temporal peak of records in 2015/2016 is probably related to the increase in CAs caused by gestational infection by the Zika virus. The spatial clusters were probably due to variations at random due to the small number of births as they a re not repeated in other years. Studies like this are the basis for the establishment of CA surveillance programs.RESUMO: Objetivos: Analisar as preval ências ao nascimento e a distribuição espacial e temporal das anomalias congênitas (ACs) entre nascidos vi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

HIV/AIDS epidemic in a western border municipality of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: evolution, HIV cascade of care and lethality
Conclusion: Indicators of detection, mortality, and lethality due to HIV/AIDS are high in Uruguaiana, with an increase in the number of people diagnosed with HIV and decrease in their link with health services, suggesting the need for advances in strategies to attract and link PLWHA to the health care network.RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar caracter ísticas e tendência da epidemia de HIV/aids em Uruguaiana, Rio Grande do Sul, entre 2005 e 2015, por meio de indicadores básicos relacionados à infecção e da cascata de cuidado de pessoas vivendo com HIV/aids (PVHA). Métodos: Estudo de...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Incompleteness and inaccuracies in Certificates of Live Birth in a city in Southern Brazil
Conclusion: Data completeness in Certificates of Live Birth was considered excellent for most variables, and the classification of inaccuracies was excellent for all variables, evidencing the quality of the information found in these certificates.RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar inadequa ções nas declarações de nascidos de um município do Sul do Brasil entre 2011 e 2015. Métodos: Quantitativo retrospectivo a partir das Declarações de Nascidos Vivos de mães com residência em Itapema, Santa Catarina, no período de 2011 a 2015, utilizando os dados do Sistema...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Estimates in small geographic areas: a necessary step towards reducing health inequalities
(Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Who are the people with Alzheimer's disease in Brazil? Findings from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging
Conclusion: Older adults with AD in Brazil reported impaired physical and mental health compared with the non-AD population.RESUMO: Objetivo: Descrever as caracter ísticas socioeconômicas, comportamentais, clínicas e aquelas relacionadas à saúde de idosos brasileiros com Doença de Alzheimer (DA). Métodos: Foram analisados ​ ​ dados de linha de base do Estudo Longitudinal da Sa úde dos Idosos Brasileiros (ELSI-Brasil). Essa pesquisa nacional entrevistou 9.412 adultos com pelo menos 50 anos. O diagnóstico de DA e as variáveis ​ ​ de exposi ç&...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 14, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Quality of children's death records for regionalized spaces: a methodological route
Conclusion: The path of the methodological proposal proved to be effective, which can be replicated to other regions, and can be extended to other categories of deaths such as post-neonatal. The combination of the proposed procedures demands low operating costs and their uses are relatively simple to be applied by the managers and technicians of the vital statistics information systems.RESUMO: Objetivos: Propor um percurso metodol ógico para investigar a cobertura e o preenchimento das informações materno-infantis dos óbitos infantis registrados no Sistema de Informação de Ó...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 9, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Recovering records on cancer of the larynx from anonymous health information databases
Conclusion: The authors found that linking anonymous data from mortality and hospital records is a feasible measure to track missing records and may improve cancer statistics.RESUMO: Objetivo: Desenvolver um algoritmo de vincula ção de registros para parear registros de óbito por câncer de laringe (CID-10 C32X), recuperados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (SIM) e do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH-SUS) do Brasil. Métodos: Foram filtrados registros de óbitos contendo có digos CID-10 C32X do SI...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 2, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Willingness to vaccinate against influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 among Brazilian civil servants: Pró-Saúde cohort study
Conclusion: Multidisciplinary efforts should be encouraged in order to identify reasons for refusing vaccination, focusing on the individual and group perceptions of susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to vaccination. Such information is needed to identify target groups for the delivery of customized interventions towards preventing emerging pandemics, such as avian influenza and COVID-19.RESUMO: Objetivo: Investigar fatores sociodemogr áficos associados à disposição em adotar a vacina contra influenza pandêmica. Métodos: Estudo transversal entre servidores técni...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 2, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

All-cause mortality over a three-year period among community-dwelling older adults in Southern Brazil
Conclusion: The identification of factors that increased the risk of early death makes it possible to improve public policies aimed at controlling the modifiable risk factors that can lead to aging with a better quality of life.RESUMO: Objetivo: Avaliar a mortalidade por todas as causas em aproximadamente tr ês anos de acompanhamento e os fatores sociodemográficos, comportamentais e de saúde em idosos comunitários de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: Foi um estudo observacional longitudinal que incluiu 1.451 idosos ( ≥ 60 anos) entrevistados em 2014. As informa ções sob...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 2, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Entry of dengue virus serotypes and their geographic distribution in Brazilian federative units: a systematic review
Conclusion: The rapid expansion of dengue throughout the Brazilian territory was verified from the second half of the 1980s, with the gradual entry of the four serotypes, which resulted in the emergence of epidemics of arbovirus, which are currently verified in the country. Considering the epidemiology of the disease, more information should be disseminated and published in the wide-ranging scientific literature for a better understanding of the spread and circulation of DENV serotypes.RESUMO: Objetivo: Descreveu-se a entrada de sorotipos do v írus da Dengue (DENV) no Brasil e em suas unidades federativas. Mé...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - April 2, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Methods and operational aspects of an epidemiological study and evaluation of Rede Cegonha
Conclusion: The availability of methodological procedures of studies that articulate epidemiological and evaluation methods allows generating more accurate and complete information and contribute with the design and evaluation of health policies, programs and actions. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - February 16, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Tendency of use and sources for obtaining oral antidiabetic drugs for treatment of diabetes in Brazil from 2012 to 2018: analysis of the Vigitel survey
Conclusions: In Brazil, SUS remained the main source for obtaining oral antidiabetic drugs, financing more than 70% of them in the country, considering the Health Unit Pharmacies and Popular Pharmacies, thereby showing the importance of public Pharmaceutical Policies in guaranteeing the access to medications by the Brazilian population, as well as in reducing inequities in the country. Nevertheless, the migration of obtaining by users from SUS Health Units to Popular Pharmacies suggests the weakening the responsibility of Primary Health Care in the provision oral antidiabetic drugs, thereby undermining the bond and the lon...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 7, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

National Program for the Evaluation of Health Services (PNASS) 2015-2016: an analysis on Brazil’s hospitals
Conclusion: The hospitals that perform highly complex procedures, just like those large and special ones, obtained a better performance. Public federal hospitals, with municipal management, also had the best results, as well as hospitals from the Southern and Southwestern regions of the country. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 7, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Prostate Cancer Survival and Mortality according to a 13-year retrospective cohort study in Brazil: Competing-Risk Analysis
Conclusion: The analyzed patients with prostate cancer were older and died mainly from other causes, probably due to the presence of comorbidities associated with the tumor.RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a mortalidade c âncer-específica (MCE) e a mortalidade por outras causas (MOC) em pacientes diagnosticados com câncer da próstata que iniciaram tratamento no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) entre 2002 e 2010, no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo observacional retrospectivo utilizando a “ Base Nacional em Oncologia ” , desenvolvida por meio de pareamento determin ístico-proba...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 7, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Incidence and time trend of occupational accidents in the textile and clothing industry: analysis of Santa Catarina, Brazil, between 2008 and 2017
Conclusions: The risk for typical occupational accidents dropped significantly over the period studied. However, future studies are needed to analyze new relationships that may point to other associated factors. It is hoped that this study can contribute to support measures for the prevention, promotion, protection and rehabilitation of the health of workers in this production sector. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - January 7, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Predictors and geographic analysis of road traffic accidents in Leon, Nicaragua
Conclusion: We found that high-foot-traffic commercial or touristic centers are three areas with high density of crashes. Local authorities can use these findings to promote road safety measures in high-incidence areas in León City.RESUMO: Objetivo: Identificar os fatores ambientais presentes em áreas com alta densidade de acidentes de trânsito rodoviário (ATR) em León, Nicarágua. Métodos: Foram incluídos na análise todos os acidentes registrados pelo Departamento de Polícia da cidade de León de janeiro a junho de 2017. Georreferenciamos todos os a...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - December 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in Brazil: spatial and age cohort heterogeneity
RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a cobertura da primeira e da segunda dose da vacina papilomav írus humano (HPV) no Brasil, conforme a microrregião, comparando-se as coortes de meninas com 14, 15 e 16 anos em 2017, e investigar a associação da heterogeneidade espacial na cobertura vacinal com variáveis sociodemográficas. Métodos: A informação sobre doses aplicadas nos anos de 2013 a 2017 por idade foi obtida do Programa Nacional de Imunizações. O número de meninas residentes com sete, oito e nove anos em 2010, em cada microrregião, é...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - December 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Factors associated with poor access to health services in Brazil
Conclusion: Access to health services is still precarious for a considerable part of the Brazilian population, especially the most vulnerable groups. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - December 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Mortality attributed to tobacco consumption in Brazil, 2016
Conclusion: During 2016, 14% of the deaths occurred in the Brazilian population aged 35 years old and older were attributed to tobacco consumption. Periodic tobacco AM estimations are mandatory to assess and strengthen smoking control strategies and policies. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - December 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

An evaluation of Primary Health Care from the users’ perspective: reflections on the usage of the Primary Care Assessment Tool-Brazil in telephone surveys
Conclusion: The use of the reduced version of the PCATool in a telephone survey and with small adaptations to the local reality, showed a new possibility for the evaluation of PHC services, and may become useful in the management of health services. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Temporal trend in the prevalence of indicators related to driving a motor vehicle after alcohol consumption, between 2007 and 2018
RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a tend ência temporal da prevalência de indicadores relacionados à condução de veículos motorizados após o consumo de bebida alcoólica, na população em geral e entre motoristas. Métodos: Estudo de tendência temporal de indicadores relacionados à condução de veículos motorizados após o co nsumo de bebida alcoólica, entre 2007 e 2018, com base nas informações do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crôn...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Helmet use and injury severity among crashed motorcyclists in Brazilian state capitals: an analysis of the violence an accidents survey 2017
Conclusion: Young, male, black individuals and those with low education were the most frequent victims of accidents. Helmet use was protective for severe injuries. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Female motorcycle mortality in Brazilian municipalities, 2005, 2010 and 2015
Conclusion: The analysis clearly shows concentrations of municipalities with higher mortality, while also showing that the phenomenon has spread to a greater number of municipalities. The studied period allows the identification of different dynamics in female mortality, in a period of significant variation in mortality due to motorcycle accidents. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Aggressions in urgency and emergency care in Brazilian capitals: perspectives of 2011, 2014 and 2017 VIVA Survey
Conclusions: The VIVA Survey is an important tool for Brazil ’ s Violence and Accident Surveillance System, providing evidence for public health decision-making and for coping with and preventing violence. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Profile of care for violence against the elderly in urgency and emergency services: VIVA analysis Survey 2017
RESUMO: Objetivos: Caracterizar o perfil das ocorr ências de violência contra os idosos e investigar a associação entre fatores demográficos das vítimas e características da ocorrência. Métodos: Estudo transversal, utilizando dados do inquérito Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes (VIVA), realizado em serviços de emergência em 2017. Foi realizada análise descritiva das características de violência, segundo fatores demográficos, seguida da análise de correspondência, visando identificar as prin...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Analysis of notifications of intimate partner violence against women, Brazil, 2011-2017
Conclusion: Most reports of violence against women recorded in health services were perpetrated by an intimate partner, especially physical, psychological and sexual violence. It was possible to identify factors associated with IPV such as age, education, pregnancy, occurrence at home, recurrence and alcohol consumption by the aggressor. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Profile of notification of violence against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transvestite and Transsexual people recorded in the National Information System on Notifiable Diseases, Brazil, 2015-2017
Conclusion: This study expands knowledge of violence against LGBT people in Brazil, reinforces the need to report these events and improve quality of information on individual ’ s sexual orientation and gender identity in order to produce evidence to support actions to tackle this problem. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Profile of cases due to burn attended in emergency care units in Brazilian capitals in 2017
Conclusions: The results point to the need for oriented actions in the field of health education, as well as labor regulation and supervision. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Violence against adolescents: analysis of health sector notifications, Brazil, 2011-2017
Conclusions: Sexual violence occurred predominantly against females and generated significant negative impacts on mental, physical, sexual and reproductive health. Community violence, perpetrated with sharp objects and firearms, were prominent among males and are important risk factors for male over-mortality. Because the problems are complex, addressing them requires intersectoral actions. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Risk and protective factors related to domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents
Conclusion: Intrafamily violence against adolescents is related to family interactions, psychoactive substance use and violence in the school environment. Thus, it reveals the importance of the participation of parents and guardians in the prevention of violence and risk behaviors in the lives of Brazilian adolescents. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Wounded adolescences: a portrait of firearm violence reported in Brazil
Conclusion: Firearm violence is a major public health problem in adolescents . Attacks on the disarmament statute and the loosening of gun possession and ownership directly confront the present and future of children and adolescents. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

The pursuit of peaceful and inclusive societies until 2030
(Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - July 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research