Exercise intensity during official soccer matches
Abstract The aims of the study were: 1) to analyze the exercise intensity in several phases (six phases of 15 min) of soccer matches; 2) to compare the match time spent above anaerobic threshold (AT) between different age groups (U-17 and U-20); and 3) to compare the match time spent above AT between players ’ positions (backs, midfielders, forwards and wingabcks). Forty-four male soccer players were analyzed. To express players ’ effort, the heart rate (HR) was continuously monitored in 29 official matches. Further, HR corresponding to the intensity at the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) was obtaine...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 24, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Offensive structuring in men’s high-level volleyball: analysis of the attack zone
Abstract The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between variables of the game on the offensive structure from the zone in which attack is performed in high-level Men ’ s volleyball. The sample was composed by 12 teams, with the analysis of 142 games, which totalized 19,545 reception, set and attack actions. Data analyses were run with descriptive statistic and the qui-quadratic test for searching association between the variables. The results showed association between tempo of attack and attack effect, type of attack and attack zone and attack zone and tempo of attack and attack effect. It was c...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reliability of physical, physiological and tactical measures in small-sided soccer Games with numerical equality and numerical superiority
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the physical, physiological (HR) and tactical demands of small-sided soccer games (SSG) with numerical equality (3x3) and numerical superiority (4x3). Eighteen male players of a soccer team played against each other both types of SSG, both played as two 4-minute bouts interspersed with 4-minute rest. Physical (distances, velocities and accelerations) and HR demands were recorded by a GPS system (15hz) and a heart rate monitor during SSG. The individual tactical behaviors proposed by the System of Tactical Assessment in Soccer were registered by an observer who analyzed the ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association of subjective social status and sociodemographic indicators in athletes
Abstract Subjective social status comprises the perception of individuals about their social status. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between subjective social status and sociodemographic indicators (age, educational level, marital status and economic level) in athletes from Santa Catharina. A total of 593 athletes of both sexes and mean age of 21.18 ( ± 5.58) years, 371 men, randomly selected, practitioners of individual and collective sport modalities, federated in clubs in the western region of Santa Catarina participated in the study. Social status perception was assessed using the MacAr...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with leisure-time physical activity: survey repeated in university students
The objectives of this study were i) to compare the prevalence of leisure-time physical activity in university students along the survey years in three separate years; ii) to analyze the factors associated with practice of leisure-time physical activity in each survey. Three surveys in a college institution in northeastern Brazil in 2010, 2012 and 2014 were carried out. The dependent variable was practice of leisure-time physical activity. Exploratory variables were sociodemographic factors and link with the university. The prevalence was compared using the chi-square test for linear trend and association for Prevalence Ra...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Perceived barriers to physical activity practice in high school students
Abstract In an attempt to understand the problem of declining physical activity (PA) among adolescents, there has been an increasing interest in identifying perceived barriers (PB) that can reduce the involvement of adolescents in PA. The aim of this study was to identify PB to PA practice among public high school students. The samples was composed of 348 students aged 14-19 years, 46.8% females and 53.2% males. To investigate BP, an instrument consisting of 12 statements and validated for the study population was used. The analysis of results was carried out by descriptive statistics, Kruskal Wallis test to check the poss...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Obesity in adolescents in Southern Brazil: association with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and maturational stage
Abstract Excess body fat is associated with chronic degenerative diseases, being a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of obesity with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle (physical activity, dietary habits) and sexual maturation in high school students of a city in southern Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with 820 adolescents enrolled in public high schools of S ão José, Santa Catarina, Brazil, aged 14-17 years. Obesity was estimated by body fat percentage (BF%). BF% was calculated using the Lohman equation, which considers the sum of skinfolds (trice...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of anthropometric indicators to predict excess body fat in adolescents aged 11-14 years
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and conicity index (C index) for the prediction of excess body fat (estimated by skinfold thickness) and determine the cutoffs of anthropometric indicators (BMI, WC, WHtR and C index) that best predict excess body fat. Overall, 1,589 students (11-14 years old) from public and private schools of Florianopolis (southern Brazil) participated in this study. Anthropometric measurements of body weight, height, WC, and skinfolds (triceps and medial calf) were collected. ROC curves...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Screen time as discriminator for overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity in adolescents
Abstract Many researches have concluded that the time spent in front of TV, computer and other screen-type devices is an important risk factor for overweight and obesity. The aim of this study was to identify the discriminatory power and to propose screen time cutoff points for overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity in adolescents. This household survey had cross-sectional design with sample of 613 adolescents aged 15-18 years living in a city in northeastern Brazil. The predictive power and cutoffs points of screen time for the outcomes of interest were identified by receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC). The ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Anthropometric indicators as screening instrument for falls in the elderly
This study analyzes anthropometric indicators such as screening tests for falls in the elderly. Cross-sectional population-based systematic sampling was conducted through a household survey and body composition assessment. Anthropometric measurements were performed using portable electronic scale and stadiometer. Bioimpedance device was used to measure body mass index, body fat and lean body mass. Falls were evaluated in the 12 months preceding the interview as a dependent variable. Discriminatory analysis was performed for falls through the ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values. Over...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence of commuting physical activity and associated factors in long-lived older adults
Abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of commuting physical activity and associate sociodemographic, behavioral and health characteristics in long-lived older adults of Florian ópolis/SC. This cross-sectional epidemiologic study included 343 individuals aged 80 and older; these individuals are members of community groups registered in the municipality of Florianópolis/SC. Sociodemographic information and health and behavior data were collected. To assess physical activit y, the “ commuting ” domain of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used, adapte...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Diseases and chronic health conditions, multimorbidity and body mass index in older adults
Conclusion: The results showed an independent association between specific chronic diseases and BMI. Monitoring of nutritional status in older adults is important to identify extreme BMI values, especially those with more than two diseases and chronic health conditions.Resumo O estudo teve como objetivo analisar a associa ção entre doenças e condições crônicas de saúde, multimorbidade e índice de massa corporal (IMC) em idosos do sul do Brasil. Estudo epidemiológico transversal, de base domiciliar. Foram entrevistados 477 pessoas, sendo 343 de 60 a 79 anos (amos...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Functional disability and associated factors in urban elderly: a population-based study
The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with functional disability in urban elderly. We conducted an analytical and cross-sectional household survey with 1,691 urban elderly individuals in Uberaba (MG), Brazil, in 2012. The questionnaire included socioeconomic and clinical information. We used the following instruments to assessed the participants: Abbreviated Geriatric Depression Scale, Katz Index, and Lawton and Brody Scale. We performed a descriptive bivariate analysis and used a logistic regression model (p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - December 16, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Functional training and international classification of functioning: an approach
Discussions were held on how the term “ functionality ” can be better understood in physical activity programs as well as some possibilities to make ICF in FT more operational. The absence of evidence about the use of ICF in relation to sports science elucidates the need of this approach, which may contribute to expand the knowledge about individuals ’ functional health.Resumo A Classifica ção Internacional de Funcionalidade (CIF) foi elaborada pela Organização Mundial de Saúde para unificar a linguagem entre profissionais de saúde dentro de um modelo biopsicossoc...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Description of health promotion actions in Brazilian cities that received funds to develop “Academia da Saúde” program
The objective of this study was to describe the health promotion actions that were planned in cities that received funds to develop the “ Academia da Sa úde ” program. We conducted a phone survey with 914 Secretary of Health from cities that received funds until July/2012. We calculated prevalence (%) of health promotion actions, expected results, number of people that would be assisted, partners for actions, health professionals in actions, manager group for coordinate and main objectives for proposal the actions. The most of the cities were of the south (25.9%) and southeast (33.4%). The actions would ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Stages of Behavior Change for physical activity and associated factors among technical-administrative servers of a federal university
Abstract The benefits that the regular practice of physical activity (PA) provides to health and its importance in preventing and fighting chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the Stages of Behavior Change (SBC) for PA among technical-administrative servers and its association with sociodemographic and health risk factors. This cross-sectional study investigated 622 technical-administrative servers (337 women) from a Brazilian federal university. SBC for PA, sociodemographic information (gender, age, marital status and educational level) and health risk factors (inadequate eating habits, excessive alcoho...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Male aging symptoms: the positive influence of moderate and total physical activity
This study identified relationships between PA duration and intensity and intensity of male aging symptoms. PA practice with specific intensity and duration is suggested in order to obtain health benefits related to male aging symptoms.Resumo O objetivo da pesquisa foi analisar a associa ção da intensidade e duração da atividade física (AF) com sintomas do envelhecimento masculino. Caracterizando-se como um estudo transversal, de amostra probabilística em que participaram 416 homens, de duas cidades no sul do Brasil. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se um questionário dividid...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence of sufficient levels of physical activity in adolescents: comparison between the measure obtained using simplified and detailed questionnaires
This study aimed was to compare the prevalence of sufficient levels of physical activity produced by a measure of the simplified questionnaire compared to a detailed questionnaire and analyze the concordances between these measures in adolescents. This is cross-sectional study with 2,859 adolescents high school students (57.8% female, 14-19 years old), from the city of Jo ão Pessoa (PB), Northeast, Brazil. Physical activity was measured by two questionnaires: a simplified instrument, containing a single question and a detailed questionnaire. Adolescents engaging in physical activity ≥ 300 minutes/week were classi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between health-related physical fitness and academic performance in adolescents
This study aimed to verify the association between health-related physical fitness and academic performance in adolescents. Overall, 326 students aged 15-18 years of the Federal Institute of Sergipe (IFS) participated in this cross-sectional study. Data relating to physical fitness were collected by applying the following tests: body mass index, sit and reach, abdominal in one minute and one mile running, which comprise the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance testing battery. Academic performance was measured by the grades of two-month period in the disciplines that comprise the following...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of adhesion reasons in the motivational regulation of master swimmers during the season
This study investigated the impact of adhesion reasons to the practice on the motivation of master swimmers. Survey participants were 48 master swimming athletes over a year of competition. Data collection was conducted with the Diagnostic Instrument of Adhesion of Swimming Practice and Sport Motivation Scale. For data analysis, Shapiro-Wilk, Friedman, Wilcoxon, Spearman correlation and Uni/Multivariate Regression were conducted (p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Development of postural balance in Brazilian children aged 4-10 years compared to young adults
Abstract The aim of the present study was to analyze the development of postural balance in 4- to 10-year-old Brazilian children, compared to a group of young adults under normal and deprived visual conditions. Body sway was assessed through average velocity and sway range at the center of pressure (CoP) in the anteroposterior and medio-lateral directions, obtained on a force platform (AMTI, Inc.). Sample was composed of 153 children (of seven different age groups) and 47 adults. Inter-group comparisons were performed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey ’ s post-hoc test at 5% significance level. The results showed that st...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of saddle height and exercise intensity on pedalling asymmetries in cyclists
Abstract Pedaling asymmetries quantified during stationary cycling, when cyclist body positioning and intensity remain unchanged, may not fully reproduce the training and competition situations, in which cyclists experience different intensities and may opt for different saddle positioning aiming at power output optimization. Previous studies showed that torque and power can be asymmetric in cyclists. It is not clear whether changes in saddle height and exercise intensity may affect asymmetries. The aim of the present study was to determine pedaling asymmetries during cycling at different saddle heights and different exerc...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Stability of behaviour patterns in the 200m breaststroke
Abstract The aim of this study was to analyse the stability of the breaststroke technique in five elite swimmers in a 200m event using a qualitative analysis. The codification of the behaviour of each swimmer during the execution of 20 cycles was achieved using an ad hoc observational instrument comprised of a system of categories and field formats to detect the behavioural patterns (T-patterns); software was used for identifying the technical behaviour of stable structures. The results showed that the stability behaviour varied depending on the swimmer, as the variations of codes in each round produced distinct configurat...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The Influence of Different Performance Level of Fencers on Simple and Choice Reaction Time
Abstract In many sport disciplines reaction time plays a key role in the sport performance. It is good to point out for example ball games or fighting sports (fencing, karate etc.). The research is focused on detection of the differences in the simple and choice reaction time during visual stimulation among elite, sub-elite fencers and beginners. For the measurement a Fitrosword device and the SWORD software were used. An additional stimulus was added during measuring which should increase the overall number of stimuli, but shouldn ’ t force fencer to any reaction whatsoever. The results from presented study can be c...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparisons between body adiposity indexes and cutoff values in the prediction of functional disability in older women
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare body adiposity indexes and to identify cutoff values in the prediction of disability in older women. Eighty-seven volunteers (67.27 ±6.45 years) underwent body composition assessment using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and had five anthropometric indexes measured (Waist Circumference, WC; Waist-to-Height Ratio, WHtR; Body Mass Index, BMI; Body Adiposity Index, BAI; and conicity index). Functionality was assessed from t hree Senior Fitness Test Battery protocols: 30-second chair stand, 8-foot up-and-go, and 6-minute walk. Pearson ’ s correlation was conduct...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - September 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Tactic determinants of game practiced by middle attacker in men’s volleyball
Abstract Among volleyball skills, spike is responsible for the highest number of scores, and the first tempo of attack is related to the higher incidence of score a point, by hindering the defensive opponent ’ s action. However, most of the studies show general results and do not specify the conditions and constraints of each attack zone. Thus, the aim of this study was analyzing the offensive game (complex I) performed by the middle attacker at the 2014/2015 National men ’ s Brazilian Championship (Superliga). The sample was composed by 142 games of 12 teams, totaling 5350 receptions, setting and spikes action...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The influence of technical skills on decision making of novice volleyball players
Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the influence of the technical skills level on the decision making of novice volleyball players on service, reception and set actions. The sample was composed of 80 novice athletes of school volleyball teams of both sexes. Based on the results from the Volleyball Skills Test Battery, the sample was divided into three groups: low, intermediate and high technical level, by means of One-Way ANOVA. The intermediate group was excluded from further analyses. Decision making was assessed with the Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI). For data analysis purposes, the independent...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Mental training generates positive effect on competitive anxiety of young swimmers?
Abstract The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of mental training on the competitive anxiety of young swimmers. The sample consisted of 35 swimmers aged 15-17 years (M = 15.93; SD = 0.98), randomly divided into two groups: experimental group (EG, n = 17) and control group (CG, n = 18). The study lasted eight weeks. Both groups performed the same physical/technical training planning. CG watched advertisement videos while EG performed mental training. The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2R) was administered to all athletes before the start of the season and the last week of the “ taper ” me...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of tapering on maximum aerobic power in indoor soccer players
Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of tapering on maximum aerobic power (VO2max) in young male indoor soccer athletes. Participants were 78 athletes aged 12-17 years randomly divided into experimental (EG) and control group (CG). Both groups did the same training planning until the last three weeks (tapering phase). Only EG performed tapering. Tapering lasted three weeks adopting the linear tapering method. VO2max was estimated by Yo-Yo intermittent Recovery Level 1 early in the season and in the last week of each. Univariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted for repeated measures to compa...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of cryotherapy and microwave diathermy on the strength production capacity of elbow flexors in healthy men
Abstract Physiological effects of thermal changes in tissues might influence some physical properties of muscle fibers, such as strength. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of cryotherapy and microwave diathermy application on the strength production capacity of the elbow flexor muscles. Thirty male, healthy and sedentary subjects, with average age of 22.40 ( ±3.42) years, participated in this prospective study. Participants were submitted to assessment of isometric strength production capability by an adapted load cell. Half of volunteers received cryotherapy on the first day of application and microw...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Time-course of changes in indirect markers of muscle damage responses following a 130-km cycling race
Abstract The purpose of the present investigation was to identify the effects of a 130-km cycling race on indices of biochemical indirect markers of muscle damage and muscle soreness responses during a 72-hour recovery period. Fifteen endurance-trained male cyclists which were competing for more than 2 years and were involved in systematic training at least of 3 days/wk underwent a collection of indirect biochemical markers of muscle damage (CK, LDH, Myo) and delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS), at five different moments of data collection: before (PRE) and immediately after (POST) a 130-km cycling race, and 24, 48, 72...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Performance in 200 m front crawl: coordination index, propulsive time and stroke parameters
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare coordination index, propulsive time, duration of stroke phases and kinematic parameters over 200 m front crawl. Variables were compared among four sections of 50 m (T1 to T4) in fifteen competitive swimmers (age: 21.1 ± 7.1 years; height: 180.1 ± 6.1 cm; height: 187.3 ± 8, 1 cm; body mass: 72.1 ± 10.1 kg; better performance in the race: 77.5 ± 4.7% of the world record). Data were obtained with two video cameras (60 Hz - coupled to a cart on rails on the side of the pool) for simultaneous images of the swimme r ’ s sagittal plan: below th...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between private and public places and practice of physical activity in adults
Abstract There are some studies that showed the relationship between built environment with practice of physical activity during leisure-time and active transportation in the adult population. However, this relationship may be influence by type and intensity of physical activity. The aim of this study was to verify association between public and private places for engaging in different types of physical activity in adults of Rio Claro City, Brazil. Cross sectional study with representative sample of 1588 adults with a mean age of 45.7 ±17.0 years completed the IPAQ-long form. Geographic Information System data were ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reliability of the 6-minute walk test and cardiac autonomic markers in active and sedentary older women
In conclusion, post-exercise 6MWT, HRR, and HRV are reliable tools to assess functional capacity and cardiac autonomic control in physically active and sedentary older women.Resumo Objetivou-se verificar a reprodutibilidade do teste de caminhada de 6 minutos (TC6) e de marcadores auton ômicos cardíacos pós-esforço em idosas fisicamente ativas e sedentárias. Dezoito idosas ativas (64,2 ± 3,1 anos; 63,0 ± 2,7 kg; 1,52 ± 0,06 m; 26,9 ± 2,7 kg.m-2) praticantes de Tai Chi Chuan ( ≥ 6 meses de pr ática) e 18 idosas sedentárias (64,0 ± 3,7 anos;...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Overweight and factors associated in civil servants from Southern Brazil
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and investigate its association with sociodemographic factors, physical activity level, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes in civil servants of a university in the state of Paran á, Brazil. The research was conducted with 339 civil servants aged above 18 years. Overweight was analyzed by self-reported body mass index. Physical activity level was evaluated using a questionnaire. Sociodemographic data (sex, age, economic status, educational level, marital status, and working hours) and information on the chronic diseases of interest (hypercholesterolemia and di...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison between two models of training with regard to resting energy expenditure and body composition in obese adolescents
Abstract Different types of physical activity programs have been used with the purpose of improving body composition and increasing resting energy expenditure (REE) in obese adolescents. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of two training models on REE and body composition in this population. The study included 20 obese male adolescents, who were randomly assigned to follow two training models: strength training (n=8, age=13,4 ±1.0) and functional training (n=12, age= 13.0±1.1). Body composition variables were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. REE was assessed by indirect calo...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

FTO gene variant and association with overweight in Brazilian male students
Abstract Obesity is considered a disease with multiple etiologies. Recent advances in technology have pointed candidate genes that are related to weight gain in several populations. However, in countries with ethnic miscegenation, such as Brazil, studies of this nature with students are still scarce. The aim of the present study was to compare anthropometric variables of Brazilian male students according to the genotypes of the rs9939609 of the FTO gene. In order to do so, 205 participants underwent body mass, height, waist circumference and skinfold thickness measurements. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio and ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - August 1, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Contribution of Physical Education in the fields of sport, physical activity, health and education for children and young people living with HIV
Abstract This narrative review examined documents that show the activity of Physical Education professionals for children and young people living with HIV. Forty documents were analyzed, highlighting the main contributions: 1) Sports / Physical Activity for social inclusion of youth in social vulnerability, reducing discrimination and stigma and development of motor skills; 2) Health, for treatment adherence, sexual and reproductive health, functional assessment, prescription, guidance and supervision of physical exercises; 3) Education, for prevention of infection / re-infection with HIV, education for sexual and reproduc...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison study of resistance exercise nomenclature adopted among professionals and undergraduate physical education students
Abstract In the past few years, increased popularity of resistance training (RT) and a significant increase in the number of professionals and undergraduate in Physical Education students have been observed. A variety of names has been usually adopted for the same resistance exercise in fields. The aim of the study was to compare the resistance exercise nomenclature adopted by physical education professionals and students, and also to identify the frequencies of names adopted for these resistance exercises. The study included 191 graduate students and active physical education professionals of RT centers and gyms in the st...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between Physical Education program in school and the practice team sports during university
The objectives of the study were to compare the proportions of practice team sports in the years 2010, 2012 and 2014 in college and to analyze the association between participation in the classes of Physical Education, before entering university, with the practice team sports during the university period. Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in the years 2010, 2012 and 2014, with students from a higher education institution. The dependent variable was the current practice of team sports and the independent variable the participation, prior to entering the university in Physical Education classes at school. Particip...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of scales on intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental factors associated with physical activity in Brazilian secondary students
This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of scales of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors associated with physical activity (PA) in secondary students. Two cross-sectional studies were conducted with students in 7th to 9th grades form secondary schools in order to test the validity, internal consistency (n = 1,178, 51.4% were boys), and test–retest reproducibility (n = 194, 56.2% were boys) of the instrument. Factors associated with PA (attitude, self-efficacy, social support of friends, parents and the school’s teachers, as well as the perceived neighborhood environment and ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Agreement analysis between critical power and intensity corresponding to 50% ∆ in cycling exercise
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the level of agreement between critical power (CP) and intensity corresponding to 50% of the difference (50% ∆) between oxygen uptake (VO2) at lactate threshold (LT) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in untrained subjects during cycling exercise. Fifteen healthy male subjects (age: 26.0 ± 3.5 years; body weight: 76.6 ± 10.4 kg; height: 178.2 ± 7.6 cm) volunteered to participate in the study. Each subject performed a series of tests to determine LT, VO2LT, CP, VO2CP, 50% ∆, VO250% ∆, and VO2max. The values LT, CP, VO2CP, 50% ∆, VO250% ∆ and ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of exercise order on the number of repeats and training volume in the tri-set training method
Abstract Although the tri-set system is widely adopted by athletes and experienced weight training practitioners aimed at optimizing the metabolic overload, there are still few works in literature on the effect of exercise order manipulation on this training system. Therefore, this work was aimed at investigating the effect of exercise order manipulation on the number of repeats and training volume using the tri-set system for lower limbs. This is a randomized cross-over design study. The experimental group consisted of 14 healthy men (23.53 ± 5.40 years; 24.51 ± 2.96 kg/m2). Subjects were submitted to two ex...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship Between Jumping Ability, Agility and Sprint Performance of Elite Young Basketball Players: A Field-Test Approach
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between sprint, agility and jump performance of elite young basketball players. Sixteen elite national level young male basketball players participated in this study. The jumping ability of each player was determined using countermovement jump (CMJ), and broad long jump (BLJ). The agility T test (TT) and Illinois agility test (IAT) were assessed to determine the agility, and 20-m sprint time was also measured to determine sprint performance. The results of Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis indicated moderate correlation between training age and...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Medicine ball throw test predicts arm power in rugby sevens players
Abstract The aim of this study was to develop an upper limb muscle power (PUL) prediction model using the Medicine Ball Throw Test (MBT) in rugby players. Eighteen amateur rugby players underwent the MBT test and the guided bench press exercise at 30, 40, 50 and 60% of 1. Myotest® accelerometer was positioned on the bench press bar to estimate muscle power. Linear regression was used to derive the upper limb muscle power prediction equation from the MBT distance. The residue analysis estimated the residual error of the predicted values using values obtained by Myotest®. Bland-Altman plots were used to verify agreem...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of human head hair on performance and thermoregulatory responses during 10-km outdoor running in healthy men
Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of human head hair on performance and thermoregulatory responses during 10-km outdoor running in healthy men. Twelve healthy males (29.5 ± 3.7 years, 174.9 ± 4.3 cm, 72.7 ± 3.2 kg and VO2max 44.6 ± 3.4 ml.kg-1.min-1) participated in two self-paced outdoor 10-km running trials separated by 7 days: 1) HAIR, subjects ran with their natural head hair; 2) NOHAIR, subjects ran after their hair had been totally shaved. Average running velocity was calculated from each 2-km running time. Rectal temperature, heart rate and physiological st...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Thermoregulation of competitive artistic gymnastic athletes and non-athlete girls exercising in the heat
The objective of this study was to compare thermoregulatory and perceptual responses between artistic gymnastics athletes and non-athlete girls while exercising both in heat and thermoneutral conditions. Seven athletes (8.7 ± 1.3 yrs) and 7 nonathletes (9.4 ± 1.5 yrs) cycled for 30 min at load (W) of ~55% VO2peak, on two separate occasions in a randomized order: heat (35˚C, 40% relative humidity) and thermoneutral conditions (24˚C, 50% relative humidity). Rectal temperature, heart rate, rate of perceived exertion, thermal sensation, thermal comfort and irritability were measured throughout the exercise. Ini...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of body composition on aerobic capacity of animals submitted to swimming exercise
Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the influence of body composition on the CAER of animals submitted to different types of physical training. Twenty-three Wistar rats were divided into groups according to the training protocol: control (CTLE); aerobic training (TAE); anaerobic training (TAN); and concurrent physical training (TCc). The critical load test (CC) was carried out for determining the anaerobic threshold at the beginning and end of the training period. TAE was composed of swimming exercise with intensity corresponding to 70% of the anaerobic threshold; TAN was composed of water jumps with overload of 5...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Somatotype, body composition and performance in ultramarathon
This study aimed to characterize somatotype, analyze anthropometric indicators associated with body composition during the race and verify possible relationships with the performance of athletes in a 217-km ultramarathon. For this, ten male volunteers (42.8 ± 3.5 years; 171.4 ± 1.9 cm height, 70.7 ± 3.1 kg body mass; 15 ± 3 years of running exercise) performed a critical velocity (CV) test one week before the competition and were submitted to anthropometric measurements before, at 84 km of the race and at the end of the race. Volunteers finished the race in 46.8 ± 3.4 h (4.9 ± 0.4 ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - June 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Leisure-time physical activity and associated factors among adolescents of Pernambuco, Brazil: From 2006 to 2011
In conclusion, there was a temporal variation between 2006 and 2011, but the reduction or increment in LTPA practice varied according to stratification of subgroups of adolescents. In general, physical education class was a factor that remained associated with LTPA in the investigated period.Resumo A prática de atividades físicas no lazer (AFL) tem importante implicação na promoção da atividade física entre jovens. O presente estudo objetivou analisar variações ocorridas, de 2006 a 2011, na AFL e nos fatores associados em estudantes do ensino médio no es...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 5, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research