Severe case of renal coloboma syndrome in long-term follow-up
Conclusion: This first published long-term follow-up of renal coloboma syndrome shows progressive posterior lens opacities, axial myopia, and band keratopathy with only a small decline in visual function over time. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multiple serous pigment epithelial detachments in association with major weight loss: case report and review of the literature
Conclusion: Bilateral multiple serous PEDs may occur in the context of acute major weight loss and protein-rich diet. The precise pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. However, potential candidates include the protein-, mineral- and/or vitamin-related metabolism disturbing the pigment epithelium function. A predisposition for a central serous chorioretinopathy like response might have contributed. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Case report of severe proliferative retinopathy in a patient with congenital lipodystrophy
Conclusion: Surgery combining pars plana vitrectomy and scleral bucking successfully flattened both retinae and significantly improved visual acuity in one eye in this case of bilateral retinal detachment with combined tractional and exudative components in a patient with congenital lipodystrophy. Surgical control of retinal complications is thus possible, provided there is adequate control of the underlying risk factors. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Management of retinoblastoma with hiv seropositivity
Conclusion: This case poses an outlook into a dilemma as to whether or not systemic chemotherapy should be started along with antiretroviral therapy for treating retinoblastoma, as there are no cited case reports in the literature of retinoblastoma coexisting with HIV and its related management regime and future considerations to be taken for management. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Macroaneurysms associated with congenital retinal macrovessels
Conclusion: Macroaneurysms can occur on both arterial and venous macrovessels. After rupture of these lesions, hemorrhage and exudation can resolve with observation alone. Macrovessels can also present with microaneurysms. Optical coherence tomography angiography can effectively image the complex capillary network associated with these vascular anomalies. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

En face versus 12-line radial optical coherence tomography scan patterns for detection of macular fluid in neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Conclusion: En face optical coherence tomography alone is not as sensitive or specific as the 12-line radial scan pattern in detecting fluid in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. En face scans should be corroborated with other optical coherence tomography protocols to guide clinical decision making. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography for the detection of secondary choroidal neovascularization in vitelliform macular dystrophy
Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography was superior to conventional angiography in the detection of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in advanced retinal disorders like vitelliform macular dystrophy. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Unilateral neuroretinitis as a late-onset manifestation of the chikungunya fever: a case series
Conclusion: Unilateral neuroretinitis can present as a late-onset manifestation of CHIKV. Three patients with diagnosis of CHIKV developed unilateral neuroretinitis weeks after the acute viral syndrome, suggesting a possible immunological etiology for this manifestation. To our knowledge, this is the first case series of CHIKV leading to neuroretinitis in the Western World. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Choroidal nevi with focal choroidal excavation and polypoidal choroidal neovascularization
Conclusion: There have been several reports showing an association of either choroidal nevi or FCE with PCN. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of FCE identified within choroidal nevi, with or without associated PCN. Since, in one of our cases, the FCE was not apparent on clinical examination, the prevalence of FCE within nevi may be underdiagnosed. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Unilateral optic neuritis and central retinal vasculitis due to ocular syphilis
Conclusion: This unusual case highlights one of the possible initial presentations of syphilis: unilateral optic neuritis and central retinal artery vasculitis with mild posterior uveitis. The worsening of vision after administration of oral steroids also highlights a potential complication of oral steroid use in the absence of a known etiology of vision loss. A thorough history and examination may be helpful in identifying risk factors for infectious causes, including syphilis, and should prompt additional evaluation. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Bleb-related endophthalmitis after use of the invitria injection guide
Conclusion: Injection guides can cause bleb trauma and resulting bleb leakage. They should be avoided in patients with filtering glaucoma surgery. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Exogenous meningococcal endophthalmitis: a case review
Conclusion: This seems to be the first case in which a conjunctival swab was diagnostic. These cases demonstrate that it is reasonable to consider meningococcal endophthalmitis in systemically well patients with leaky filtering blebs. Of note for occupational health and safety, prophylaxis is not required for staff contacts treating these patients. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Utility of intraoperative optical coherence tomography in acute endophthalmitis
Conclusion: Intraoperative OCT can be useful to examine the structural alterations of the retina in eyes with vitreous opacities that prevent preoperative OCT examinations. Evaluations of intraoperative OCT images can provide information on what surgical procedures are needed. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Bartonella henselae neuroretinitis associated with central retinal vein occlusion, choroidal ischemia, and ischemic optic neuropathy
We describe a healthy 37-year-old man with Bartonella henselae (B. henselae) neuroretinitis with concurrent central retinal vein occlusion and ischemic optic neuropathy resulting in optic atrophy and choroidal ischemia. Methods: Case report. Results: A 37-year-old man presented with unilateral decreased vision and a fundus examination consistent with neuroretinitis. Further imaging review supported a concurrent diagnosis of central retinal vein occlusion. Although initially negative, repeat serological testing for B. henselae infection was positive. Multimodal imaging displayed severe outer retinal disruption, ischem...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Conn syndrome presenting as central retinal vein occlusion
Conclusion: This is the first reported case of Conn syndrome presenting as central retinal vein occlusion. Conn syndrome should be suspected in young patients with central retinal vein occlusion because it is a common cause of hypertension and carries significant cardiovascular risk if left untreated. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Increased photoreceptor outer segment volume following systemic treatment of birdshot chorioretinopathy
Purpose: Retinal degeneration in birdshot chorioretinopathy can be quantified using spectral domain optical coherence tomography by measuring the photoreceptor outer segment (PROS) volume. The purpose of this study was to determine if the PROS volume in BSCR responds to systemic immunomodulatory therapy (IMT). Methods: Retrospective chart review with analysis of PROS volume derived from spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Results: We identified a total of three patients who met our inclusion criteria. At baseline, all patients had abnormal PROS and/or ellipsoid layer findings on spectral domain optical co...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Reabsorption of acquired vitelliform lesions in vitreomacular disorders after vitrectomy
Conclusion: The outcome of surgery in cases of submacular AVL associated with vitreomacular interface syndromes could be heterogeneous and may depend on the duration of the disease and baseline optical coherence tomography characteristics of the lipofuscin accumulation. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Macular hole in a young patient affected by familial exudative vitreoretinopathy
Conclusion: Our case emphasizes the importance of a prompt recognition of familial exudative vitreoretinopathy disease also using gene testing and a close follow-up to prevent and manage possible complications. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Maintenance of good visual acuity in best disease associated with chronic bilateral serous macular detachment
Conclusion: Some patients with Best disease associated with chronic serous macular detachment can maintain good visual acuity over an extended follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Best disease associated with this mutation in the BEST1 gene. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Novel patient positioning apparatus for retinal surgery in a case of severe kyphosis
Conclusion: To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report detailing a vest-like support apparatus for patients with thoracic kyphosis used in vitreoretinal surgery. This apparatus can be prepared using any conventional operating table, and it offers an effective approach to intraocular surgery for patients who cannot lie flat. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Intraoperative imaging of retained perfluorocarbon liquid using spectral domain optical coherence tomography
Conclusion: Droplets of PFCL over the retina result in imaging artifact, most likely due to a lensing effect caused by differences in refractive index between the PFCL and vitreous humor. Although the utility of hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography for infants has previously been established, this case presents further application of spectral domain optical coherence tomography in adults when imaging in the supine position is required. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A series of five patients with foveal hypoplasia demonstrating good visual acuity
Conclusion: Despite the presence of foveal hypoplasia, patients can retain a high level of visual acuity, which suggests that a foveal depression is not essential for the development of good visual acuity. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Development and progression of a lamellar macular hole with lamellar hole–associated epiretinal proliferation
Conclusion: Proper follow-up time is important for studying eyes with an LMH. Epimacular cell proliferation shows progression over time that appears to be associated with morphologic changes of the LMH including shape of the lamellar defect, amount of LHEP, and contractive properties of epiretinal tissue. The presence of LHEP was documented shortly after posterior vitreous detachment. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Intermediate uveitis associated with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis syndrome
Conclusion: Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis syndrome is an auto-inflammatory fever disorder in childhood. Although other auto-inflammatory disorders such as, Blau syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome, and Behcets disease have been associated with various forms of uveitis, Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis has never been reported to be associated with any type of ocular inflammation. We describe for the first time, two cases of Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis syndrome presenting with intermediate uveitis. (Sour...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Stellate nonhereditary idiopathic foveomacular retinoschisis: response to topical dorzolamide therapy
Conclusion: Stellate nonhereditary idiopathic foveomacular retinoschisis can be a devastating problem causing decrease in vision. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature to report the complete resolution of SNIFR in response to topical dorzolamide hydrochloride 2% therapy. Further prospective studies are vital to better elucidate our understanding of this new disease identity. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Posterior vitrectorhexis: a surgical modification for intraocular foreign body removal through limbal route
Conclusion: Posterior vitrectorhexis is a well-controlled technique in the setting of a penetrating injury that can facilitate safe removal of different sizes of intraocular foreign body simultaneously preserving capsular support. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography of congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium
Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography of congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium revealed an extensive intratumoral, haphazard, large-caliber vascular network, more evident than seen on fluorescein angiography. Optical coherence tomography angiography has added new insight into this rare tumor. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Intravitreal dexamethasone (ozurdex) implant for radiation maculopathy secondary to stereotactic radiotherapy for posterior uveal melanoma
Conclusion: In our experience, intravitreal implantation of 0.7 mg dexamethasone is an anatomically, and to a lesser extent functionally effective procedure for radiation maculopathy after stereotactic radiotherapy for posterior uveal melanoma. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in rickettsial retinitis
Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography may be a valuable noninvasive imaging technique for detecting and analyzing occlusive complications associated with rickettsial retinitis. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Retinal and choroidal vascular occlusion following aqueous misdirection syndrome in a patient with sickle cell trait
Conclusion: Retinal and choroidal vascular occlusions can be the presenting sign of a patient with sickle cell trait. Sickle cell screening may be beneficial in African American or Middle Eastern patients after an acute rise in intraocular pressure, particularly before initiation of treatment with oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography features of torpedo maculopathy
Conclusion: OCT-A signal of the choriocapillaris was reduced within the cleft in both types of torpedo maculopathy. Whether the changes represent the primary site of malformation or whether these findings are the consequence of a defect in the retinal pigment epithelium remains speculative. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A case of intravesical bacillus calmette–guerin–related endophthalmitis and retinitis confirmed with retinal biopsy
Conclusion: Intravesical BCG stimulates a local cell-mediated response that destroys malignant cells. It is generally well tolerated, although it rarely can result in secondary systemic infection. Intravesical BCG-related endophthalmitis is rare and should be considered in the setting of ocular inflammation in patients with a history of bladder cancer who may not disclose previous treatment with BCG. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Hemorrhagic vasculitis and retinopathy heralding as an early sign of bacterial endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection
Conclusion: These three cases highlight the importance of hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis as the presenting fundus finding of bacterial endophthalmitis and that this finding in a postinjection patient should be treated as endophthalmitis until proven otherwise. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia endophthalmitis 1 month after intravitreal aflibercept
Conclusion: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a rare infectious agent associated with intravitreal injection and may present 1 month after treatment. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Extreme diurnal variation of central macular thickness in diabetic macular edema
Conclusion: Extreme fluctuations in retinal thickness in central involving DME are unusual, and the exact mechanism of this fluctuation is poorly understood. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Solitary retinal capillary hemangioma in a patient with bilateral chorioretinal coloboma
Conclusion: Chorioretinal coloboma is a congenital defect of the eye caused by improper closure of the embryonic fissure. Retinal capillary hemangioma is a vascular retinal tumor that may occur sporadically or as part of the von Hippel–Lindau syndrome. We report a rare association of chorioretinal coloboma and retinal capillary hemangioma in a previously healthy patient. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome with subretinal deposits
Conclusion: Transient subretinal deposits may develop during MEWDS in areas of previous diffuse outer retinal disruption. As these deposits remain hyperautoflurescent on quantitative autofluorescence after photobleaching, they may represent accumulations of debris originating from damaged photoreceptor outer segments. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Temporal thinning in sickle cell retinopathy is associated with diminished perfusion on octa and dense scotoma on microperimetery
Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography may reflect the extent of functional compromise even before it being evident on fluorescein angiography. The area vascular compromise was larger in the deep plexus compared with the superficial plexus. The area of complete loss of retinal sensitivity corresponds to loss of vasculature in both the superficial and deep plexuses, whereas the area of decreased sensitivities corresponds to compromise only in the deep plexus. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Dexamethasone intravitreal implant for choroidal neovascularization during pregnancy
Conclusion: In the authors' experience, a single DXI revealed safe and effective in CNV treatment during pregnancy. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Retinochoroidal anastomosis associated with enhanced s-cone syndrome
Conclusion: Evidence of retinochoroidal anastomosis in an individual affected with enhanced S-cone syndrome supports the view that neovascularization can occur early in the course of the disease, and raises the question to know whether it might be responsible for previously described enhanced S-cone syndrome-associated hemorrhage-induced fibrosis. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Posterior scleral melanocytosis: a novel fundus finding masquerading as a choroidal nevus
Conclusion: To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of posterior scleral melanocytosis, a pigmented fundus lesion confined to the inner sclera. The need for high-penetrance optical coherence tomography to differentiate these lesions from a typical choroidal nevus may explain why this entity has not been previously described. The true nature of this entity will ultimately require histopathologic study. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - September 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Allergic reaction upon intravitreal administration of anti–vascular endothelial growth factor agents
Conclusion: Bevacizumab and ranibizumab are derivatives of murine monoclonal antibodies, whereas pegaptanib is an aptamer and aflibercept is a fusion protein of human origin. These chemical origins may allow patients to receive pegaptanib or aflibercept despite having allergy to bevacizumab or ranibizumab. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Igg4-related ophthalmic disease presenting as choroidal and orbital lesions
Conclusion: IgG4-related disease is a systemic fibroinflammatory disease, which often presents in another location, as in our patient. In cases of uncertain choroidal and orbital lesions, a thorough workup for other etiologies is indicated, and lymphoma must be ruled out. Steroids are the mainstay of treatment for IgG4-ROD, however, small case series and our patient responded well to rituximab. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of choroidal and orbital lesions secondary to IgG4-ROD. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Retinal phenotype in a case of lchad/tfp deficiency with late-stage diagnosis
Conclusion: We report the retinal phenotype of a patient with LCHAD/TFP deficiency diagnosed later in life. To date, this is the oldest patient reported with LCHAD/TFP–associated retinopathy. Macular retinoschisis may represent a feature of the end-stage retinopathy due to the progressive myopia. The diagnosis of LCHAD/TFP deficiency should be considered in adult patients with a history rhabdomyolysis, neuropathy, and retinopathy, as they would not have undergone routine newborn screening before the late 90s. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Re-intervention in de novo vitreous opacities after pars plana vitrectomy in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy ttr val30metportuguese patients
Conclusion: De novo vitreous amyloid opacities may occur several years after pars plana vitrectomy. Amyloid deposition in vitreous cavity was observed only in strong vitreous adherence locations (behind posterior lens capsule and at vitreous base area). The authors expect that this procedure, an extensive re-vitrectomy associated with posterior capsulectomy, will prevent de novo vitreous amyloid opacities. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Ocular toxicity after inadvertent intracameral injection of high dose of cefuroxime during cataract surgery: a case series
Conclusion: Anterior and posterior inflammation has been described after intracameral injection of high dose of cefuroxime. In this study, 10 mg to 12.5 mg of intracameral cefuroxime is shown to be, principally, toxic to the retina with transient or permanent retinal changes on optical coherence tomography which correlate with visual outcomes postoperatively. Protocols to avoid dilution errors should be available in theaters during cataract surgery where such commercial preparations are not available. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Massive subretinal gas after vitrectomy surgery: mechanism and management
Conclusion: Subretinal gas can rarely occur after pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. This complication can be successfully managed by way of external drainage, followed by evacuation of residual gas through fluid–air exchange and posterior retinotomy. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multimodal imaging in vortex vein varices
Conclusion: The diagnosis of vortex vein varices can be confirmed through clinical examination through the use of digital pressure to the globe during ophthalmoscopic examination. Adjunctive multimodal imaging (fundus color photography, near-infrared reflectance imaging, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine angiography, and spectral-domain enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography) was useful in the diagnosis of vortex vein varices in the authors' clinical cases. However, in more challenging clinical cases, the authors' novel use of the ultra-widefield contact lens for application of oc...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Contralateral vision loss after endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy: a case report of purtscher-like retinopathy and treatment with intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator
Conclusion: Purtscher- like retinopathy may occur as a complication of endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy. Intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator may help relieve the embolization that occurs in Purtscher-like retinopathy. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Ophthalmic findings in late stage sjogren–larsson syndrome
Discussion: In adults with Sjogren–Larsson Syndrome, crystalline retinopathy can progress to macular atrophy and the appearance of lipofuscin accumulation. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research