Bilateral lamellar macular hole surgery in retinitis pigmentosa
Conclusion: Bilateral lamellar macular holes are rare occurrences in patients with retinitis pigmentosa; improved visual and anatomical outcomes can result after surgical intervention. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Macular hole formation after vitreomacular detachment with an operculum
Conclusion: In this case, the MH resulted from the tangential traction caused by the epiretinal membrane after vitreomacular detachment developed; the MH was accompanied by a small round operculum, a retinal dimple beneath the membrane, and a tightrope-like structure that bridged the hole edges. The operculum likely comprised a detached inner foveal retina alone and did not include retinal photoreceptor cells. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Shedding light on fundus drusen associated with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis: breaking stereotypes of types i, ii, and iii
Conclusion: The association of MPGN and drusen needs to be reevaluated. Previously only recognized in association with Type II MPGN, drusen have been demonstrated in 2 patients with C3 glomerulonephritis in this report. These drusen are likely the result of complement pathway abnormalities. The authors propose a new nomenclature in the ophthalmic literature to classify pathology as immune complex-mediated or complement-mediated rather than solely by the electron microscopy findings. This nomenclature will better characterize the underlying genetic abnormalities and pathophysiology of these disease processes. (Source: Retin...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Recurrence of vitelliform lesions associated with temporary vision loss in best vitelliform macular dystrophy
Conclusion: This case demonstrates that vitelliform material can reaccumulate and resorb several times in Best disease, with temporary visual acuity decline after each episode of vitelliform material accumulation. There is a need for continued vigilance for the development of CNV in patients presenting with acute vision loss, although this patient developed CNV at a time of stable vision. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Sequential central retinal vein and ophthalmic artery occlusions in a pediatric case of primary antiphospholipid syndrome
Conclusion: This case report illustrates the rapid sequential venous and arterial ocular thrombosis in a patient with primary antiphospholipid syndrome. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Vitreomacular traction after dexamethasone intravitreal implant (ozurdex) injection: the effect of anomalous posterior vitreous detachment
Conclusion: In this patient with vitreoschisis, a thickened posterior hyaloid membrane and traction developed after Ozurdex injection. The authors recommend careful evaluation of the macula before injection, particularly in diabetic patients with vitreoschisis. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Retinal racemose hemangioma with focal macular involvement
Conclusion: Racemose hemangioma with focal macular involvement may lead to a progressive reduction in visual acuity because of exudation. Further studies need to be conducted to confirm the efficacy of bevacizumab injections to treat vascular malformation; however, this form of management does seem promising. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Persistent retinal changes after intravitreal ocriplasmin
Conclusion: This is the first report of persistent electroretinographic and optical coherence tomographic abnormalities after ocriplasmin injection. Electroretinography abnormalities were noted in a small percentage of patients during ocriplasmin clinical trials and in a recent series of case reports and postmarket survey analysis. The authors propose that cleavage of fibronectin and laminin causes disruption of the interphotoreceptor matrix, leading to the ellipsoid layer attenuation and resultant electroretinographic sensitivity loss and subretinal fluid described on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Persiste...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Untreated iris melanoma complicated by hyphema and uncontrolled glaucoma responsive to iodine-125 brachytherapy
Conclusion: Untreated iris melanoma can develop complications such as recurrent hyphema and glaucoma with irreversible optic nerve damage. Treatment of slow-growing iris melanoma must be considered to prevent complications. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Total regression of acquired retinal astrocytoma using photodynamic therapy
Conclusion: This report confirms that photodynamic therapy of symptomatic acquired retinal astrocytoma may be effective in causing tumor regression and stabilizing or improving visual acuity by reducing tumor leakage. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Response of uveal metastases to alk inhibitors in alk-positive non–small-cell lung cancer
Conclusion: ALK inhibitors are an effective first-line treatment in patients with ALK-positive uveal metastases secondary to ALK-positive non–small-cell lung cancer. Despite the fact that crizotinib, a first-generation ALK inhibitor, is initially effective in dealing with non–small-cell lung cancer and its metastases, resistance to it seems to develop on a regular basis. A second-generation ALK inhibitor, such as ceritinib, is also effective in overcoming this resistance in treating those with ALK-positive uveal metastases. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Swept-source optical coherence tomography findings in convalescent phase of treated sarcoid choroidal granulomas
Conclusion: Swept-source optical coherence tomography demonstrated significant anatomical sequelae that persisted after treatment of sarcoid granulomas. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of outer retinal tubulations over healed sarcoid granulomas. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A unique case of acute macular neuroretinopathy associated with cotton wool spots and intraretinal fluid
Conclusion: The authors present the case of a 15-year-old girl diagnosed with acute macular neuroretinopathy. This case is notable in that she presented with cotton wool spots and intraretinal fluid, both of which are unusual for acute macular neuroretinopathy. The authors suggest that the presence of cotton wool spots and several small foci of intraretinal fluid seen in their patient may lend support to the ischemic hypothesis described by Sarraf et al. The optical coherence tomography images obtained in this case have the typical wedge-shaped or petaloid configuration, and the authors suggest that the shape of the lesion...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Progression of age-related macular degeneration overlying a large choroidal vessel
Conclusion: The authors hypothesize that large choroidal vessels can compress the overlying choriocapillaris, possibly leading to outer retinal ischemia, which subsequently could focally accelerate the course of age-related macular degeneration. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Enhanced depth imaging features of a choroidal macrovessel
Conclusion: EDI-OCT and en face optical coherence tomography, used in conjunction with other imaging modalities, can be used to demonstrate the presence and pattern of a choroidal macrovessel. A thickened choroid and overlying outer retinal indentation was observed in association of the choroidal macrovessel. These imaging tools can help distinguish this condition from other diagnoses with a similar appearance, such as ophthalmomyiasis. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Cavernous hemangiomalike changes in a choroidal melanoma after brachytherapy
Conclusion: Late degenerative changes in the vasculature of treated uveal melanoma can result in tumor enlargement, which may raise clinical concerns over treatment failure and neoplastic potential. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Diffuse choroidal hemangioma masquerading as central serous chorioretinopathy treated with oral propranolol
Conclusion: Choroidal hemangioma can be mistaken clinically to be central serous chorioretinopathy. Oral propranolol is an effective and economical treatment option in patients not affording other standard modalities of treatment. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Submillimeter choroidal melanoma detection by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography in a patient with oculodermal melanocytosis
Conclusion: Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography is a useful tool in the evaluation of eyes with oculodermal melanocytosis, permitting high-resolution visualization of the choroid and detection of submillimeter early melanoma that might not be apparent with indirect ophthalmoscopy or ultrasonography. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Uveal melanoma extension to the optic chiasm
Conclusion: Uveal melanoma extension through the optic nerve is a devastating complication, which occurs anywhere from 0.6% to 3.7% in patients with uveal melanoma. If enucleation of the affected eye is performed, a representative portion of the optic nerve should be excised to decrease the risk of extension. Patients with phthisical eyes should undergo appropriate imaging techniques to prevent a missed diagnosis of optic nerve involvement. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - December 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Susac syndrome
Conclusion: Susac syndrome is a multisystemic, immune-mediated occlusive endotheliopathy characterized by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusions, and hearing loss. However, patients may present with varying degrees of this triad; thus, there should be a high index of suspicion in patients presenting with multiple artery occlusions or multifocal arteritis. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography of sickle cell maculopathy
Conclusion: This report provides evidence that optical coherence tomography angiography may be more sensitive in detecting macular capillary nonperfusion than fluorescein angiography. It also provides further evidence that the ischemic vasculopathy of sickle cell retinopathy preferentially affects the deep capillary plexus. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Congenital macrovessel associated with cystoid macular edema and an ipsilateral intracranial venous malformation
Conclusion: Congenital retinal macrovessel can occasionally be complicated by vascular occlusion and macular edema. The authors report a case of congenital retinal macrovessel associated with an intracranial venous malformation. Clinicians should be aware of this potential association, and further studies are warranted. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Chikungunya-associated uveitis and exudative retinal detachment: a case report
Conclusion: The prevalence of chikungunya fever–related uveitis is increasing with the recent epidemics throughout the Americas. Inflammation can occur during the febrile illness or months later and can manifest in a variety of ways. Posterior segment inflammation is more commonly a delayed presentation. Previous reports suggest that chikungunya fever–related uveitis responds well to corticosteroid therapy. This is the first reported case of recurrent inflammation. Given the wide variety of presentations, chikungunya fever–related uveitis should be included in the differential diagnosis of all at-risk pat...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multimodal imaging of geographic areas of retinal darkening
Conclusion: Geographic areas of darkening with photoreceptor hyporeflectivity have been described previously as “dark without pressure.” In this case, the authors demonstrate photoreceptor hyporeflectivity that localizes to the clinically darkened areas, without topographic qualitative differences on en face spectral domain OCT images. The authors term these dark areas as geographic areas of retinal darkening because of ellipsoid nonreflectivity (GARDEN) spots. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multimodal imaging of the retina and choroid in systemic amyloidosis
Conclusion: Multimodal imaging including spectral domain optical coherence tomography analysis in eyes of patients with systemic amyloidosis shows deposition in the choroid. The deposition may cause a secondary toxic and or barrier effect resulting in diffuse retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptor dysfunction. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography shows deep capillary plexus hypoperfusion in incomplete central retinal artery occlusion
Conclusion: In this case of incomplete and transient central retinal artery occlusion, the deep capillary plexus was poorly visible on optical coherence tomography angiography, which could be due to its elective hypoperfusion and explain the ischemic whitening of the inner nuclear layer, previously described as paramacular acute middle maculopathy. However, the reason why the deep capillary plexus is more sensitive to reduced blood flow in the central retinal artery is not fully understood. In a case of partial central retinal artery occlusion, optical coherence tomography angiography allowed showing elective poor perfusio...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Chorioretinal atrophy in alagille syndrome
Conclusion: This case represents a severe manifestation of posterior and peripheral chorioretinopathy in a patient with Alagille syndrome. This is the first documentation of significant peripheral chorioretinal atrophy as assessed by wide-field AF imaging in this condition. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Choroidal melanoma in a patient with waardenburg syndrome
Conclusion: The authors present the first reported case of concurrent Waardenburg syndrome and choroidal malignant melanoma. This cooccurrence may suggest that the relative hyperpigmented regions in affected fundi may be abnormal and should be monitored closely for the development of choroidal melanoma. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography and widefield fundus autofluorescence in punctate inner choroidopathy
Discussion: This is the first case report of optical coherence tomography angiography imaging of choroidal neovascularization associated with punctate inner choroidopathy and the first report of widefield FAF abnormalities in punctate inner choroidopathy. Optical coherence tomography angiography may provide a more noninvasive and sensitive imaging system for the evaluation of choroidal neovascularization than traditional fluorescein angiography and may provide a direct gauge of response to therapy. Widefield FAF may improve detection of inflammatory activity of retinal disease and monitoring of disease activity. (Source: R...
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Vanishing retinal detachment
Conclusion: This case describes a temporal association between hemodialysis and resolution of subretinal fluid due to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. A potential causal linkage is suggested based on shifting fluid dynamics associated with hemodialysis. A shift in treatment paradigm is not advised. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Serous neurosensory retinal detachment associated with atypical cogan syndrome: a case report
Conclusion: Posterior segment manifestations associated with Cogan syndrome are exceedingly rare. This is the first known case of a serous neurosensory retinal detachment from suspected choroidal inflammation associated with Cogan syndrome. Prompt recognition and treatment with corticosteroids may result in anatomical and functional visual improvement, as in this case. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multifocal retinal infiltrates with phlebitis and optic neuropathy in an hiv-positive pediatric patient
Conclusion: The authors describe the occurrence and treatment of bilateral, HIV-associated multifocal retinal infiltrates with phlebitis and HIV-associated optic neuropathy in a pediatric patient from Zimbabwe, Africa. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Dome-shaped macula with thickened choroid in an emmetropic patient
Conclusion: Although most commonly reported in myopic eyes, dome-shaped macula can occur in an emmetropic patient and can be associated with subretinal fluid. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

En face optical coherence tomography of macular microcysts due to optic neuropathy from neuromyelitis optica
Conclusion: Macular microcysts have been associated with various forms of optic atrophy, including neuromyelitis optica. Spectral domain and en face OCT imaging of the microcysts demonstrated a very characteristic pattern. Normal fluorescein and OCT angiography suggest that nonvascular causes, such as Müller cell degeneration, might contribute to the etiologic mechanism. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Rod–cone dystrophy associated with williams syndrome
Conclusion: The authors report the first case of a patient with ophthalmic findings characteristic for rod–cone dystrophy in the setting of genetically confirmed Williams–Beuren syndrome. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Segmental pattern of infiltrates over retinal vessels in fungal endophthalmitis
Conclusion: A segmental pattern of preretinal infiltrates over retinal vessels can be a presenting feature in endogenous fungal endophthalmitis. The observations in this case may contribute to understanding the pathophysiology of the findings. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Ischemic retinopathy in neurofibromatosis type 1
Conclusion: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 may present in the ocular fundus with a variety of lesion types, including vasoproliferative tumors, hamartoma, uveal melanoma, and hemangioma. Vascular occlusions are relatively uncommon. Ocular ischemic syndrome secondary to moyamoya syndrome is well described in neurofibromatosis Type 1 but was excluded in our patient. A spectrum of retinal microvascular abnormalities has also been described, but disease-specific evidence to guide treatment is lacking. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Subretinal neovascularization in macular telangiectasia type 2: optical coherence tomographic angiography and treatment response
Conclusion: Optical coherence tomographic angiography provides detailed information on the retinal microvasculature and subretinal neovascularization in macular telangiectasia Type 2. It can be used to assess response to treatment. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Enhanced depth imaging spectral domain optical coherence tomography features of light chain deposition disease
Conclusion: Patients with light chain deposition disease may have characteristic findings on spectral domain enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography that corroborate previously reported histopathologic findings in light chain deposition disease. This rare disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis for infiltrative choroidopathies. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multimodal imaging of syphilitic multifocal retinitis
Conclusion: Treatment of unrecognized syphilitic uveitis with corticosteroids in the absence of antitreponemal treatment can lead to the development of multifocal retinitis. Multimodal imaging, and optical coherence tomography in particular, can be used to distinguish multifocal retinitis from superficial retinal precipitates or accumulations. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

An unusual presentation of choroidal sarcoidosis and its multimodal imaging
Conclusion: Choroidal infiltration may be the presenting feature of sarcoidosis even in ethnicities known to have very low incidence of the disease. If the chest x-ray is negative and the clinical suspicion warrants it, a CT or positron emission tomography–computed tomography of the thorax may be helpful in identifying nonhilar mediastinal lymphadenopathy. As in our case, fine-needle aspiration biopsy of these nodes may lead to confirmation of the diagnosis. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Resolution of a giant pigment epithelial detachment with half-dose aflibercept
Conclusion: Reduced-dose anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy may be considered as a treatment option for very large pigment epithelial detachments at high risk for retinal pigment epithelium tear formation. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Vitrectomy for refractory macular hole
Conclusion: Depending on whether the ILM remains or not, one of these two new surgical procedures can be selected. This protocol can yield positive surgical results. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Macular pigment rings as the presenting finding of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes
Conclusion: Multimodal imaging is a useful technique in diagnosing retinopathy associated with the mitochondrial DNA A3243G point mutation. Characteristic pigmentary retinopathy with suggestive systemic findings should prompt genetic testing for this mutation. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Editorial
No abstract available (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Bacterial endophthalmitis associated with a broken and retained small-gauge vitrectomy cannula
Conclusion: Although rare, retained small-gauge vitrectomy cannulas may lead to vision threatening ocular infection. Care should be taken to inspect both the wound and the removed trocar system to ensure complete removal of this surgical device. Detailed counts of all surgical equipment should be routinely performed at the conclusion of vitrectomy surgery. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 27, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Intravenous injection of indocyanine green results in an artificial transient desaturation by pulse oximetry
Conclusion: Administration of intravenous indocyanine green resulted in a transient desaturation by oximetry during transpupillary thermotherapy for children with retinoblastoma under anesthesia because of the fluorescent dye's absorption of red light in a manner similar to that of deoxygenated hemoglobin, thereby leading to transient instrument misinterpretation and miscalculation of arterial oxygenation. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 27, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Ocriplasmin for foveal schisis in x-linked retinoschisis
Conclusion: This is the first reported case of using ocriplasmin to treat foveal schisis in X-linked retinoschisis. Although vitreomacular traction was relieved, the schisis cavity recurred shortly after initial closure. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 27, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Bilateral giant retinal tears in a pediatric patient with leukemia inhibitory factor receptor deficiency (stuve-wiedemann syndrome)
Conclusion: This is the first case of vitreoretinal pathology reported in Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome. Using immunohistochemistry staining, the authors found ubiquitous expression of leukemia inhibitory factor receptor protein in the normal human retina. They hypothesize that leukemia inhibitory factor receptor mutation may cause intrinsic weakness of the neurosensory retina predisposing it to injury. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 27, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Sterile endophthalmitis after intravitreal ocriplasmin injection: report of a single case
Conclusion: Patients treated with intravitreal ocriplasmin may develop an acute inflammatory reaction, which can be severe. (Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports)
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - May 27, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research