OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANALYSIS OF OUTER RETINAL TUBULATIONS: Sequential Evolution and Pathophysiological Insights
Purpose: To describe the sequential evolution of outer retinal tubulations (ORTs) in patients diagnosed with choroidal neovascularization and/or retinal pigment epithelium atrophy. Methods: Retrospective evaluation of spectral domain optical coherence tomography of a consecutive cohort of patients with various retinal conditions. Results: We reviewed the clinical findings of 238 eyes of 119 consecutive patients (54 men and 65 women) with a mean age of 76.2 ± 14.2 years (range: 57–90) and a mean follow-up of 3 ± 1.6 years (range 1–7). Over the follow-up period, ORTs were diagnosed in 67 of ...
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Choroidal vascular hyperpermeability as a predictor of treatment response for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
Conclusion: The presence of CVH is associated with better visual outcome in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and lower injection number in combination therapy. Thus, CVH, but not choroidal thickness, should be further evaluated as a potential biomarker for selecting patients for combination therapy. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

OUTCOMES OF PATIENTS WITH EXUDATIVE AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION TREATED WITH ANTIVASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR THERAPY FOR THREE OR MORE YEARS: A Review of Current Outcomes
Conclusion: The body of evidence to date regarding long-term anti-VEGF treatment indicates a variable course at greater than 36 months follow-up and seems to be dependent on the treatment protocol. Consistent dosing with fluid-free interval is suggested to maintain VA gains in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration. There is no evidence suggesting that there are additional adverse events from long-term anti-VEGF use. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Predictors of one-year visual outcomes after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Purpose: To determine predictors of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes 1 year after ranibizumab or bevacizumab treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration, within the French Study Group Avastin versus Lucentis for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (GEFAL). Methods: Patients aged ≥50 years presenting subfoveal neovascular age-related macular degeneration were randomized to receive ranibizumab or bevacizumab (3 monthly intravitreal injections followed by an as-needed regimen). The main outcome measures were BCVA and its change from baseline at 1 year. Variables with a P value (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Prognostic value of subretinal hyperreflective material in neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with bevacizumab
Conclusion: This study supports the use of SHRM as a prognostic biomarker when interpreting optical coherence tomography in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Baseline parameters predicting poorer vision 1 year after intravitreal bevacizumab treatment were as follows: presence of central SHRM, well-defined SHRM borders, intraretinal fluid, and thicker SHRM. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Quantitative analysis of the inner retinal layer thicknesses in age-related macular degeneration using corrected optical coherence tomography segmentation
Conclusion: In patients with dry AMD, automatic optical coherence tomography segmentation algorithms may be erroneous. As the severity of dry AMD increases, the inner plexiform layer layer becomes thinned, suggesting that transsynaptic degeneration may be occurring, as the photoreceptor layer is affected by AMD. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF RANIBIZUMAB FOR THE TREATMENT OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION DUE TO UNCOMMON CAUSE: Twelve-Month Results of the MINERVA Study
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ranibizumab 0.5 mg in adult patients with choroidal neovascularization because of an uncommon cause enrolled in the 12-month MINERVA study. Methods: In this Phase III, double-masked study, adult (≥18 years) patients (N = 178) were randomized 2:1 to receive either ranibizumab (n = 119) or sham (n = 59) at baseline and, if needed, at Month 1 and open-label individualized ranibizumab from Month 2. Best-corrected visual acuity change from baseline to Month 2 (primary endpoint) and Month 12, treatment exposure, and safety over 12 months were reported. Subgroup analysis was...
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Classification and quantitative analysis of geographic atrophy junctional zone using spectral domain optical coherence tomography
Purpose: The junctional zone at the border of areas of geographic atrophy (GA) in eyes with nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration is an important target region for future therapeutic strategies. The goal of this study was to perform a detailed classification and quantitative characterization of the junctional zone using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography volume cube scans (Spectralis OCT, 1024 × 37, Automatic Real Time> 9) were obtained from 15 eyes of 11 patients with GA because of nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration. Volu...
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Crispr genome surgery in the retina in light of off-targeting
Conclusion: The CRISPR system has high potential to be an invaluable therapeutic tool as it has the ability to modify and repair pathogenic retinal lesions. Although it is not yet a perfect system, with further efforts to improve its specificity and efficacy along with careful screening of off-target mutations, CRISPR-mediated genome surgery potential can become maximized and applied to patients. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - August 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Source Type: research

Multimodal Imaging in Purtscher Retinopathy
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

Multimodal Imaging in a Case of Fundus Pulverulentus
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

Leopard-Spot Subretinal Deposits in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

Multimodal Imaging of Optic Nerve Head Capillary Hemangioma
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

Optical Coherence Tomography in Subconjunctival Silicone Oil
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

Comet Lesions in Retinitis Pigmentosa
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges Source Type: research

Ex vivo model for the characterization and identification of drywall intraocular foreign bodies on computed tomography
Conclusion: Drywall dissolves in the eye and becomes denser over time as air in the drywall is replaced by fluid. This study identified Hounsfield Units specific to intraocular drywall foreign body over time. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Ellipsoid zone mapping and outer retinal assessment in stargardt disease
Purpose: To quantify and correlate ellipsoid zone and photoreceptor outer segment changes with visual acuity in Stargardt disease. Methods: An institutional review board–approved study of 32 eyes with Stargardt disease was performed. After spectral domain optical coherence tomography, the macular cube was exported into a novel analysis tool and volumetric assessment from the ellipsoid zone to the retinal pigment epithelium was performed. Using this information, mapping was completed with en face representation of the height between the ellipsoid zone and retinal pigment epithelium. This analysis provided quantif...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Use of femoral artery ultrasound during intraarterial chemotherapy for children under 10 kg with retinoblastoma
Purpose: To demonstrate the safety and efficacy of intraarterial chemotherapy (IAC) in small infants ( (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP AFTER EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE SURGERY: A Single-Center Experience
Conclusion: The recurrence rate of ERM after peeling surgery was reported as being around 5% to 12%. It was 58% in the current study. Because the recurrent ERM is generally mild, visual acuity was unaffected. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Risk factors for recurrences of central serous chorioretinopathy
Purpose: To describe recurrence patterns and investigate candidate risk factors for recurrences of central serous chorioretinopathy. Methods: In 46 patients with acute central serous chorioretinopathy and follow-up>12 months after first episode resolution, parameters influencing recurrences were retrospectively evaluated using a frailty Cox proportional hazard survival model. Covariates included baseline systemic findings: age, gender, corticosteroid use, stress, shift work, sleep disorder, depression, allergy, cardiovascular risk; baseline optical coherence tomography findings: subfoveal choroidal thickness, pigme...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

RETINAL DETACHMENT SURGERY IN A PEDIATRIC POPULATION: Visual and Anatomic Outcomes
This study examined visual and anatomical outcomes of pediatric RD undergoing surgical repair at a single university referral center. Methods: A retrospective consecutive case series of patients clinically diagnosed and undergoing surgery for RD between birth and 15 years of age from 2002 to 2013 at a single academic institution. Results: A total of 206 patients (231 eyes) were included in this study, of which 25 (12%) had bilateral RD. Of those patients, 67 (29%) had TRD (retinopathy of prematurity, persistent fetal vasculature, or familial exudative vitreoretinopathy), 51 (22%) had rhegmatogenous retinal detachment...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Role of early vitrectomy in the treatment of fungal endophthalmitis
Conclusion: A strong clinical suspicion that translates into early vitrectomy plus intravitreal antifungal antibiotics leads to favorable visual and structural outcomes. A long wait till microbiological confirmation to institute antifungal therapy may result in poorer outcome. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

COMBINED PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY AND SCLERAL FIXATION OF AN INTRAOCULAR LENS USING GORE-TEX SUTURE: One-Year Outcomes
Purpose: To report the 1-year clinical outcomes of combined pars plana vitrectomy and ab externo scleral fixation of an intraocular lens using Gore-Tex suture. Methods: Retrospective, interventional case series. Outcome measures were change in visual acuity and occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications with minimum follow-up of 1 year. Results: Eighty-four eyes of 83 patients were identified. The mean best available visual acuity improved from 20/782 preoperatively to 20/65 postoperatively (P (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Ocular manifestations of systemic amyloidosis
Conclusion: Systemic amyloidosis can lead to ocular morbidity. Patients with AL amyloidosis had involvement of the temporal artery, conjunctiva, extraocular muscles, trabecular meshwork, and cranial nerves. Those with gelsolin nontransthyretin familial amyloidosis were susceptible to corneal dystrophy. Patients with AA amyloidosis did not manifest ophthalmic involvement. Finally, if ocular amyloidosis is detected, patients should be referred for systemic workup. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Twenty-four month follow-up of tocilizumab therapy for refractory uveitis-related macular edema
Conclusion: In this long-term study, TCZ was effective and had a comparable safety profile to published data for TCZ use in other indications, when used for the treatment of refractory uveitis-related ME. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Better prognosis for eyes with preserved foveal depression after intravitreal ranibizumab injection for macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion
Purpose: To determine the prognosis of eyes with central retinal vein occlusion that had a preserved foveal depression at the baseline and were treated by intravitreal ranibizumab injections (IRIs). Methods: The authors reviewed the medical records of 23 eyes of 23 consecutive treatment-naive patients who received IRIs to treat the macular edema due to central retinal vein occlusion. Eyes were classified by the pre-IRI presence or absence of a foveal depression. A foveal depression was defined as a central foveal thickness that was (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Clinical findings of eyes with macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion refractory to ranibizumab
Purpose: To determine the relationship between the clinical findings and the response to ranibizumab therapy in eyes with macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 68 patients with macular edema associated with a branch retinal vein occlusion. The patients were placed in the refractory group if the central foveal thickness remained more than 250 μm throughout the 6-month study period despite the ranibizumab therapy; otherwise, they were placed in the responsive group. Results: Sixty (88.2%) of 68 eyes were placed in the responsive group and the other...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography features of choroidal neovascularization associated with choroidal nevus
Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography is a useful imaging technique to disclose CNV associated with choroidal nevus. Despite the presence of intraretinal or subretinal fluid and hemorrhage, OCT-A revealed the CNV in all cases, results noninferior to indocyanine green angiography. This imaging modality can be useful for analysis of long-standing nevi with related exudation. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Longitudinal change of outer nuclear layer after retinal pigment epithelial tear secondary to age-related macular degeneration
Purpose: To investigate longitudinal changes of outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness in patients with retinal pigment epithelium tears secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Methods: This is an institutional retrospective interventional case series. Twenty-six eyes of 22 patients with retinal pigment epithelium tears identified between April 2009 and March 2015. The patients underwent intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents as needed. Volume scans of optical coherence tomography at first diagnosis of tear (baseline) and after 12 months were analyzed. Outer nuclear la...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Quantitative optical coherence tomography analysis of retinal degenerative changes in diabetic macular edema and neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Purpose: To investigate the relationship of the pre–anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) retinal tissue area (RTA) and optical density (ODRT) of the retinal optical slice portion located in the central subfield, and their ratio (RTA/ODRT), in the presence of diabetic macular edema or of inraretinal cystic fluid in neovascular age-related macular degeneration, to central retinal thickness and best-corrected visual acuity after anti-VEGF treatment with ME resolution. Methods: The optical coherence tomography images and medical records of 33 patients (41 eyes) with neovascular age-related macular degenera...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation in lamellar macular hole and full-thickness macular hole in high myopia
Conclusion: Lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation in HM tended to be more widespread and adherent to the posterior hyaloid than in eyes without HM. Visual outcomes after LMH repair in eyes with LHEP and HM are less favorable than eyes with LHEP and without HM, but similar to eyes with HM and without LHEP. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

INFLAMMATORY CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULAR MEMBRANE: Long-Term Visual and Anatomical Outcomes After Intravitreal Anti–vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy
Purpose: To assess the long-term visual and anatomical outcomes after intravitreal anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy for inflammatory choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM). Methods: Retrospective case series of 15 consecutive cases of newly diagnosed inflammatory CNVM who were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab injections. Results: The study included 8 women and 7 men with mean age at presentation with CNVM of 40.53 ± 17.46 years (range, 11–70 years), and mean follow-up duration after anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy was 20.53 ± 14.53 mo...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Evaluation of patchy atrophy secondary to high myopia by semiautomated software for fundus autofluorescence analysis
Purpose: To evaluate the progression of patchy atrophy in high myopia using semiautomated software for fundus autofluorescence (FAF) analysis. Methods: The medical records and multimodal imaging of 21 consecutive highly myopic patients with macular chorioretinal patchy atrophy (PA) were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent repeated fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain optical coherence tomography over at least 12 months. Color fundus photography was also performed in a subset of patients. Total atrophy area was measured on FAF images using Region Finder semiautomated software embedded in Spectralis ...
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

RESIDUAL CHOROIDAL VESSELS IN ATROPHY CAN MASQUERADE AS CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY: Introducing a Clinical and Software Approach
Conclusion: The anterior displacement of larger choroidal vessels in atrophy requires clinician vigilance to avoid misinterpreting these vessels as CNV on en face OCTA. Our proposed postprocessing approach offers a potential solution to facilitate the interpretation of en face OCTA in these cases. In the absence of other tools, clinicians are encouraged to rely on the location of flow relative to Bruch membrane on cross-sectional OCTA flow images. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

PROGRESSION OF MACULAR ATROPHY IN EYES WITH TYPE 1 NEOVASCULARIZATION AND AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION RECEIVING LONG-TERM INTRAVITREAL ANTI–VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR THERAPY: An Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography Analysis
Conclusion: With long-term anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy for eyes with Type-1 NV secondary to age-related macular degeneration, macular atrophy tends to develop predominantly eccentric to the PED and the neovascular flow imaged on OCT angiography. With chronic vascular endothelial growth factor suppression, Type-1 NV may evolve into a multilayered PED that may confer a protective effect to the overlying retinal pigment epithelium and outer retina. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

The current surgical management of large, recurrent, or persistent macular holes
Conclusion: Despite the high success rate of modern MH surgery, large, recurrent, or persistent MHs remain a challenge for retinal surgeons. This review provides a detailed summary on the rationality and efficacy of current surgical options. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Source Type: research

Eponymous Dishonor: Kyrieleis Plaques
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - June 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Reply
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Correspondence
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Chorioretinal Punched-Out Lesions in Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Photo Essay Source Type: research

NOVEL USE OF STERILIZED DISPOSABLE SURGICAL LENSES FOR POSTERIOR SEGMENT EXAMINATION: An Opportunity for Equitable Resource Distribution
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: New Instruments Source Type: research

REPORT OF SAFETY OF THE USE OF A SHORT 32G NEEDLE FOR INTRAVITREAL ANTI–VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR INJECTIONS FOR RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY: A Multicenter Study
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: New Instruments Source Type: research

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges
No abstract available (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges Source Type: research

REPEATABILITY OF AUTOMATED VESSEL DENSITY AND SUPERFICIAL AND DEEP FOVEAL AVASCULAR ZONE AREA MEASUREMENTS USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY: Diurnal Findings
Conclusion: The optical coherence tomography angiography analysis provides quantitative data about the retinal microvasculature, which could be used to distinguish between normal and pathology. Changes in superficial vessel density>8% and deep vessel density>10% may be considered as real clinical change rather than variation. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Three-dimensional analysis of submacular perforating scleral vessels by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography
Conclusion: This is the first description of three-dimensional EDI-SDOCT visualization of submacular PSV in healthy eyes. This method allows for in vivo imaging of a critical component of outer retinal perfusion at the posterior pole. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Correlation between preoperative en face optical coherence tomography of photoreceptor layer and visual prognosis after macular hole surgery
Conclusion: Preoperative hyperreflective spots in en face EZ slab might be indicative of functional and anatomical restoration after macular hole surgery. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

A prospective, randomized trial comparing plain gut to polyglactin 910 (vicryl) sutures for sclerotomy closure after 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy
Purpose: To report a prospective, randomized comparative study assessing clinical outcomes of plain gut versus polyglactin 910 (PG910) sutures for sclerotomy closure after 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. Methods: A single-masked, randomized, prospective study was undertaken with 49 eyes of 49 patients undergoing 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy randomized to sclerotomy closure with either plain gut suture, PG910 (Vicryl) suture or a combination of the two. Assessment was based on both a postoperative pain scale and a standardized assessment of scleral inflammation at each suture site. Results: No wound leakage was no...
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Classification of haller vessel arrangements in acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy imaged with en face optical coherence tomography
Conclusion: A significant difference was observed in the prevalence of respective Haller vessel arrangement patterns between eyes of normal subjects and those of patients with either acute or chronic CSC. Although further study is needed to determine the mechanistic factors underlying these differences, and the hemodynamic implications, our data suggest that en face optical coherence tomography may find a formal role in choroidal disease classification. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Dysfunctional autonomic regulation of the choroid in central serous chorioretinopathy
Conclusion: We demonstrated that choroidal thickness increased in response to increased perfusion pressures in patients with CSC and not in normal controls. These findings likely represent an autonomic dysregulation of choroidal blood flow in patients with CSC. (Source: RETINA)
Source: RETINA - May 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research